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# Civil Engineering Drawing & Graphics

LECTURE- 7

BASIC TOOLS PART-3

BASIC TOOLS
 Fillet  Polyline  Polygon  Arc

 Ellipse
 Hatch  Divide

& Measure

FILLET
 Fillets are common in mechanical

drawings, but you can use the Fillet feature across all design disciplines to create radius geometry connecting two objects. FILLET creates a curved transition (actually an arc object) between two nonparallel objects. FILLET can also create a semicircular connection between parallel lines.

FILLET
 You can use the Fillet command to connect two

objects quickly with a smoothly fitted arc of a specified radius. It is usually used to represent a rounded edge on a corner. You can fillet lines, arcs, circles, ellipses, polylines, xlines, splines, and rays. You can also create a sharp corner with the Fillet command by specifying a radius value of 0.

FILLET
“Fillet” Command can be activated by anyone of the following Methods: Modify Toolbar “Fillet” Menubar Modify “Fillet” Write “Fillet” on Command Line Short Key “F”

FILLET,[OPTIONS]
 Undo :Reverses the previous action of the Fillet

command.  Polyline: Fillets all vertices of a polyline using the current radius value.  Radius: Sets the radius for the fillet arc.  Trim : When Trim mode is selected, the lines are trimmed to be tangent with the fillet. If Trim mode is set to No Trim, the fillet radius is drawn but the lines are not trimmed.  Multiple: When the Multiple option is selected, you can create multiple fillets without restarting the command.

POLYLINE
 A polyline is a connected sequence of line

segments created as a single object. You can create straight line segments, arc segments, or a combination of the two..  When drawing lines with the Line tool, each line drawn is an object in its own right. A rectangle drawn with the Line tool is four objects. A rectangle drawn with the Polyline tool is a single object. Lines of different thickness, arcs, arrows and circles can all be drawn using this tool.

POLYLINE
“Polyline” Command can be activated from one of the following methods: Draw Toolbar “Polyline” Menubar Draw “Polyline” Write “Polyline” on Command Line Short Key “PL”

POLYGON
 Polygons, like rectangles, are closed polyline

objects. Unlike rectangles, by default polygons are regular: They have equal length sides and equal internal angles.  The POLYGON command draws regular polygons of a minimum of three and a maximum of 1024 sides.  Regardless of the method you choose to define the polygon, all of its sides are equal in length. If you want to draw irregular polygons, use the PLINE command.

POLYGON
“Polygon” Command can be accessed by one of the following methods: Draw Toolbar “Polygon” Menubar Draw “Polygon” Write “Polygon” on Command Line Short Key “POL”

POLYGON
 The default method for creating polygons is to specify a

center point and radius. When you choose this method, you must choose either the Inscribed or Circumscribed option. Depending on the option you choose, the size of the polygon is calculated as shown in the following image.

POLYGON, [OPTIONS]
Inscribed in circle :Draws a polygon within a designated radius. Circumscribed about circle: Draws a polygon outside of a designated radius. Edge :Draws a polygon based on the number of sides and the length of a specified edge. Note that you may pick any point for the center of a polygon, once it is made you will not be able to simply snap to its center.

ARC
 The Arc command creates an arc based on three

points. Using the default method for creating an arc, you specify a start point, a second point, and an end point. The arc radius and center point are calculated based on the position of the three consecutive points you specify.  The following illustration represents an arc being created through three points.

ARC
“Arc” Command can be accessed by one of the following methods: Draw Toolbar “Arc” Menubar Draw “Arc” Write “Arc” on Command Line Short Key “A”

ELLIPSE
 An ellipse is a closed curve generated by four fixed points

defining major and minor axes and crossing at right angles through the center point.  Ellipses can be regarded as what is seen when a circle is viewed from directly in front of the circle and the circle rotated through an angle about its horizontal diameter. Ellipses are measured in terms of two axes – a major axis and a minor axis , the major axis being the diameter of the circle, the minor axis being the height of the ellipse after the circle has been rotated through an angle.

ELLIPSE
“Ellipse” Command can be activated by one of the following methods: Draw Toolbar “Arc” Menubar Draw “Ellipse” Write “Ellipse” on Command Line Short Key “EL”

ELLIPSE,[OPTIONS]
Center : Use this option to create an ellipse by defining the center point of the ellipse and then one endpoint for each axis. Arc : Use this option to add additional prompts to the command sequence to create an elliptical arc or a full continuous ellipse. Axis, End : Use this option to create and ellipse or an elliptical arc. The first two points of the ellipse determine the location and length of the first axis. The third point determines the distance between the center of the ellipse and the end point of the second axis.

HATCH
 Hatch patterns are graphical elements that are

often used to represent materials, special regions, or textures in a drawing. In addition to using a pattern to define an area, you can use gradient or solid fill.  Hatching is used across all design disciplines to enhance drawing views, to clarify design features, and to show areas that were modified in drawings when you communicate with your clients.

HATCH

HATCH
 In order to show internal shapes of a solid being

drawn in orthographic projection the solid is imagined as being cut along a plane and the cut surface then drawn as seen. Common practice is to hatch the areas which then show in the cut surface. “Hatch” Command can be activated by one of the following methods:  Draw Toolbar “Hatch”  Menubar Draw “Hatch”  Write “Hatch” on Command Line  Short Key “H”

HATCH DIALOGUE BOX