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Faculty of Business Studies TMA Cover Sheet Lebanon Branch

Academic Year Course No.

FBS-PT3 FORM

2010 - 2011 T306B

Semester TMA No.

First

□ Second
2

□1

I. Student Information (to be completed by the student)
Student Name Student No. E-Mail

Judith Al Badawi 080558 Joudi_2689@hotmail.com
Section No.

312

I hereby certify that the work presented in this TMA is my own and is not copied from any source. Signature Judith Al Badawi Date of Submission …….. / ……. / 20

Allocated Marks ١٠٠

Questions Weight
Marks

Q1 70

Q2 10

Q3 20

Total

Allocated Marks ١٠٠

Criteria
Marks

Presentation

Referencing

Word Count

E-Library

Total

Student's Total Mark

I. Tutor's Comments ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Tutor’s Name ………………………………………………………… Signature …………………………………… Date Returned …….. / ……. / 20

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T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312

ARAB OPEN UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF BUSINESS STUDIES Lebanon Branch T306. Managing Complexity: a systems approach

Enhancing child education in North Lebanon

Final Project Presented by Judith Al Badawi

Supervisor: Dr. Rima Rouhana

Fall 2010
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T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312

Table of content:
Acknowledgment……………………………………………………………………………5 Abstract………………………………………………………………………………………5 Ethical statement…………………………………………………………………………….6 Chapter 1: Tutor report Session 1: Introduction………………………………………………………………………7 Session 2: Background……………………………………………………………………….7 Session 3: Aim of the project………………………………………………………………..8 Session 4: Choice of system approach 4.1 Method selected…………………………………………………………………….11 4.2 Soft System Method implementation……………………………………………….11 Session 5: list of tables: Table1. The different stakeholders and their perspectives in this situation…………………9 Table2. The income group (Lebanese pounds) in North Lebanon………………………….10 Table3. Student cost in State and private education by stage and type of cost (thousands of Lebanese pounds)…………………………………………………………….10 Table 4. A comparison table between the conceptual model and the real world……………15 Session 6: list of figures: Figure 1 representing a conceptual model of the education project…………………………..14 Figure 2: A rich picture representing child education in North Lebanon……………………..18 Figure 3: A spray diagram showing child education in North Lebanon………………………19 Figure 4: A system map representing a system for enhancing child education in North Lebanon……………………………………………………………………………………….20 Figure 5: An influence diagram representing a system for enhancing child education in North Lebanon……………………………………………………………………………………….21 Figure 6: A multiple cause diagram representing the teaching technique in North Lebanon…22 Figure 7: A sign graph representing the teaching technique in North Lebanon………………23 Figure 8: A control model representing the child education process with close loop control...24

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........25 Chapter 3: Project log Session 1: weekly summary………………………………………………………………...27 Chapter 4: overall summary Session 1: summary of the situation and the project log………………………………….......29 Chapter 5: List of References……………………………………………………………31 Page 4 ....T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 Chapter 2: client report Session 1: summary of the situation and propositions ………………………….....

and financial administration are the main aspects of the transformation process. They also supported me and encouraged me to complete this task so that I will not procrastinate in doing it. And. but also on the condition of a sufficient number of schools. Lastly. We had some difficulties in doing this task. enough geographical distribution. and authorization system that would ensure high quality. certification and training of teachers. I offer my regards and blessings to all of those who supported me in any respect during the completion of the project. She tried and tried to teach us until we understand what we supposed to do with the project work. Abstract: Universal education depends not only on the establishment of the principles of compulsory and free education. its loyalty to the law. early childhood progress. The results in the education sector include an improved curriculum. my family that provides me with everything such as money to buy anything needed for this project. e-learning and computerization. The targets are to focus on the issues of structure of education. It also depends on the practical attitude adopted by the family on the basis of its own education. guidance and support from the initial to the final level enabled me to develop an understanding of the subject. they were helpful that when we combined and discussed together. my friends were doing this project with me and sharing our ideas. teaching staff. whose encouragement. and competitive educational opportunities for the children. stability. administration and organization. academic achievement and other matters relating to education services. Plus. better trained teachers. we had this task done. its economic resources and the priority which it affords to children’s education in general or during specific phases of the family's economic cycle. school places and equipment. curriculum and educational materials development. but she taught us patiently until we knew what to do. Page 5 .T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 Acknowledgment: I am heartily thankful to my Dr Rima Rouhana.

only to get money to eat. The principal responsibility is to provide care and education in situations that are safe.T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 Ethical statement: Childhood is a unique and valuable stage in the human life cycle. Our mission is to support the child in reaching their highest developmental. and physical well-being. Page 6 . there is a need to create and maintain a developmentally appropriate environment for learning while empowering families to participate in and enhance their children’s education. language. nurturing. and responsive for each child. self-worth. After seeing children on the road trying to sell cheap things to the people passing by cars or walking in the street. physically harmful. We shall not participate in practices that are emotionally damaging. and work cooperatively. competence. dangerous. healthy. we shall not harm children. this issue will enforce me to talk about this situation. We shall care for and educate children in positive emotional and social environments that are cognitively stimulating and that support each child's culture. or threatening to children. where each child has the right to be well treated and well educated. social and academic potential. Therefore. exploitative. We are also committed to promoting children's self-awareness. play. and family structure. Above all. resiliency. We are committed to respect individual differences and helping children learn to live. ethnicity.

while taking into account their physiological. UNICEF will encourage policies to improve education quality and reduce failure rates in public schools. In Naher El-Bared Camp. ANERA is working to restore a community center that houses a preschool. and AlKafaat Foundation which provide special education and vocational training to disadvantaged people and youth with special needs through the scholarship program and grants from generous private donors. The aim of pre-primary education is to push children into the school environment and allow them to move from the home to school. The construction costs are being supported by USAID’s Office of Transition Initiatives or ANERA private donors. The goal is to create a good climate for the children to communicate with others.T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 Chapter 1 Introduction. to express his feelings and opinions. Background: With the support of the USAID’s Office of Transition Initiatives (OTI) and Private donors. Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) collected by UNESCO International Bureau of Education (IBE) which provide parenting programmes which are addressed to parents and families of children less than 6 years of age.2009) Much more. UNICEF approach on child education is based on human right approach. and vocational training lab which will serve the children of families who have returned to the New Camp. This is the right of each child is the world. afterschool reading room. ANERA continues to support Lebanese NGO partners IRAP. It will also support the elimination Page 7 . and accelerating training and awareness of teachers and parents… much more. Is there really a need for every child to be educated? The honest answer to this question is: “Every Child has a Right to Get Educated No Matter What Your Circumstances Are”. Plus. on media’s campaign. Education is particularly important in early age. ANERA has been highly involved in Educational Programs that tackles specific projects on Children and Adolescents. to educate their mind. capacity building. moral and intellectual development. This will focus on the laws governing child education and labor. and the studies used by UNICEF are: advocacy. The child life success depends on how seriously he/her is involved in early learning. service delivery and empowerment. (Viste. SEF.

What pushed me to talk about this topic is seeing a child in the road working while other child is taking his right of being educated. social isolation. of buildings and of excellent teachers and technological equipments. parents. ministry of education. uneducated and unemployed parents that guide to remove child from school or lead to unqualified child.T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 of gender stereotypes through equipping teachers and with skills to identify and deal with potential failure. and limited use of technology. he/her will be able to survive. poor housing and urban conditions. This 5-year program.2005 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor. lack of norms. Page 8 . teachers. They focus on the ways to get money and to survive. Youth and Sport. working children are found mostly in the districts of Tripoli. UNICEF. students. They only think about financial issues to stay alive and they ignore the intellectual and physiological behavior of the child.000 secondary students through the introduction of new technology and in-service teacher training.6 million project to enhance the capacity of the Ministry of National Education. which aims to benefit 20. (. (Child labor in Lebanon. 2010) I will be exploring various parties such as Lebanese government. The goal of my project is to enhance child education especially in north Lebanon. And much more. The World Bank is continuing to support a USD 56. The child who goes to school is not taking their right of being well treated. the community suffers for lack of support services. private school owners and others to support my case where the parents forgot that not educated child will affect his life in the future employment and income. They thought that by letting their child work. there is a divergence between skills taught in schools and workplace requirements. In addition. the schools suffer from many issues such as lack of electricity. They force their daughters to stay at home to care for younger siblings and to help in domestic work. and they push the boys to work in industries. Akkar and Minyeh (91-97%). the families suffer from the poverty and low-income due to large family size. In the North. hairdressing salons and domestic workers… Plus. will continue through 2007. 2006) Aim of the project: The project I will be working on as a system practitioner is ‘Child Education in Lebanon’ especially in North Lebanon.000 primary and secondary students through school construction and 130. outdated teaching methodologies. we find rough teacher to student ratio.

The UNICEF.1% of the monthly household expenditure and are the third most important item after food (33. The World Bank and local banks Media The parents The teachers Owners of schools Ministry of education Support the ministries to reach their aims. The different stakeholders and their perspectives in this situation. The cost of education. the ministry of education. Publicity to increase the awareness of people about the rights of the child.9%) and accommodation and services (15. the average probable cost of schooling per child in Lebanon is 1. lack of technological equipments.467 million Lebanese pounds.3%) Page 9 . education is not free. the ministry of social affairs. Put laws and strategies to increase the awareness of the necessity of child education and to afford for schools and teachers new training procedures and new technological equipments. and give the families loans that help the child to proceed in his education. Providing an excellent education and preparing children for their productive roles and their social roles Table1. They are uneducated and oblige their child to work or they have lack of skills to improve their child life. Put laws against child labor. In actual fact. Uneven teachers to student’s ratio with outdated teaching methodologies.T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 Stakeholders Lebanese child Lebanese government Perspectives Has the right to be well educated and well treated. The cost of education in these schools is much lesser than in private fee-paying schools. bad infrastructures (buildings). and laws to enforce child education. and give the schools policies to be followed to improve the education. even for families who register their children in State schools. where the amounts are high. They have lack of excellent teachers. according to the study of household living conditions in 1997. Education costs account for 13.

3 100 Source: Household living conditions in 1997.2400 2400.5000 5000+ unspecified total North 8.5 11.1 1.953 children between the ages of 6 and 11 who never attended primary school. The income group(Lebanese pounds) in North Lebanon Income group (Lebanese pounds) Below 300 300-500 500-800 800-1200 1200.1600 1600.354 children between the ages of 6 and 18 never attended school.8 2.T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 Table2.3200 3200.5 17 23. According to the findings of the statistical Survey of Population and Housing.3 21. Page 10 . including 11.6 3.5 0.5 10. the situation of study in the 0-17 age group is that 25. Student cost in State and private education by stage and type of cost (thousands of Lebanese pounds) Educational stage government Other expenses 142 160 222 371 317 515 633 274 government amount 144 111 134 190 180 254 218 147 government total 287 271 356 561 497 769 851 421 private Other expenses 1 299 942 1 101 1 026 1 442 1 194 3 250 1 269 private amount 298 381 465 427 560 585 1 039 446 private total 1 597 132 1 566 1 453 1 779 4 289 4 289 1 715 Pre-primary Primary Supplementary Supplementary vocational Secondary Secondary vocational University Average Source: Household living conditions in 1997. All of these children are considered to be deprived of their right to education. Table3.

I found that using the Soft System Method (SSM) approach would be most appropriate. the SSM deals with the context as wholeness. All is needed is some attention about the problem and inspiring the community to find ways to improve the lives of those children (Bell & Chapman. I have to mention another method which is the Viable System Model (VSM). and this prevents problems that cannot be quantified. and the practitioner is regarded as scientific expert outside the situation. because I’m talking about social issue not an organization. because it helps in seeing from diverse perspectives the complexity rather than just jumping directly to conclusions . it invites multiple perspectives on the problem context and it seeks to separate a boundary to the issue. (Committee on the Rights of the Child. It helps to determine what’s going on and what actions can be taken to improve it. it solves problems than asking why the problems arise. The Soft System Method (SSM) and the Hard System Method (HSM) conform to a learning cycle. Finally.T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 which provides a realistic idea of the degree of this problem in Lebanon. it sets up the conditions that an organization must suit in order to enlarge its range of viability. unbounded. 2005) Soft System Method implementation: For this project. Therefore. but in my case I have to be engaged with the situation to know how to solve the issues of child education. It gives a holistic view of the complex situation. Choice of system approach: Method selected: In order to develop the reflection on the use of the methods it is useful to present the key features of each method. In contrast. in order to select the best method. the HSM is based on an engineering perspectives which is not universally applicable. Therefore. where they have many problems inside one situation. using the SSM approach would be most appropriate because the problem is understood to be less structured. Plus. developing a rich picture (figure 1) of the situation and Page 11 . using the SSM approach. and its root is mathematical (quantitative). I won’t use this model in my case. unclear and uncertain. and doing studies and research and interviewing people will helps me to be more familiar with this case. 2000). messier. Since it is ideally right for making sense of unstructured situations taking multiple perspectives and purposes into account specially when talking to stakeholders. Much more.

I placed children in the middle to realize how they’re affected by all other educational atmosphere. The parents are affected by their own backgrounds and educational level. culture…). Here. the information on technology should be introduced in order to teach the curriculum with the desired level. the consultants do pilot projects with a help from the government to afford the necessity changes in school and financial conditions of the family (Factors affecting early childhood education. preparing a project implementation plan where it draws the path which project administrative will follow and it also affirms human and financial resources needed for Page 12 . and others. public and private schools. children. and to understanding the processes that are in use within the system and its sub systems. After engaging more with the problem situation. policy as well as the economy have the highest impact on schools. 2010) Here. social background. drawing a system map (figure 3) helps to show a system of enhancing child education. economical status. The surveyors should do surveys about the child and his parent to include all the diversifications (gender. Let’s start by the students who suffer of lack of education due to financial and social background. Therefore. the introduction of the technology (IT) at schools is challenging. Plus. which helped me to explore more perspectives of the stakeholders and other subjects involved. especially when they don’t take the proper training needed to manage with the continuous changes. teachers need more skills than just academic. such as interpersonal skills. students. parents and others. Plus. Teachers are affected by the curriculum given to them which could be challenging at times. (The innovative educator. here the ministry of education has to guarantee that schools and teachers meet the minimum requirement of teaching. the government. the NGO’s play an essential role to reduce this problem.T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 utilizing number of sources of information help to represent the perspective of parents. social ability and child friendly performance and to be able to teach the new curriculum. The government and its strategic decisions. based on computer labs. And the influence diagram (figure 4) represents that the Government is a key role player in the whole situation. teachers. level of education. and giving that labs is controlled by a lack of space and high costs. it enable students to become active learners and vital thinkers. 2001). I drew a spray diagram on child education (figure 2). In addition.

(The perspectives of the stakeholders are mentioned in page 7). the relevant system are developed to root definition. Plus. the willingness of teachers to get training is unpredictable. teachers. CATWOE checklist: C: Customers: the Lebanese child especially in North Lebanon. we are not sure about the willingness of the teachers to be trained. media…. this affect the future generation where they can’t found good employment and a fine way to raise their kids. the results are to get modernize child and trained teachers. O: Owners: ministry of education Environmental constraints: the child is not taking his right of being well educated. to include relevant CATWOE elements. teachers. by well-trained and skilful teachers. Process: enforce the laws and giving money to ameliorate child education. of all diversifications. Output: difficulties in achieving this target because the citizens in north Lebanon have their own culture and beliefs. W: Worldview: each child has the right to be educated and to raise his intellectual. parents and media. it requires lot of money to improve the schools and bring equipments… but. schools owners. Page 13 . NGOs. A: Actors are: Lebanese government. governments. where it is considered as educational system authorized by a practical curriculum that is educated to children. training institutions. the ministry of education. the ministry of social affairs. the World Bank and local banks. Plus. Then. and the availability of human and financial resources is also irregular. moral and psychological behavior. T: Transformation process: • • • Inputs: parents. child. Plus.T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 implementation.

Figure 1 representing a conceptual model of the education project. Page 14 .T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 To clarify the use of the relevant system. the conceptual model represents a detailed extension of the root definition.

the new curriculum might require advanced technology. where we can hire a consultant who can bring successful illustration to be introduced in the curriculum Yes. the pilot are is less costly. The data can affect the decisions that should be made Carry forward? Yes. Yes. especially after supporting the project No. But. it is an essential step. interpersonal and psychological skills. Yes. Collect prices to train teachers Yes. 2. not all schools have IT equipments yet. Specify the skills needed for teachers to be able to teach the new curriculum Yes. since the data is already exist at the ministry of education. Page 15 . Obtain an overview about how the curriculum should be applied 4. Obtain information Yes. Yes. The public schools don’t focus too much on the training because the supply of teachers is more than the demand. at the first stages where we includes different illustrations Yes. Surveying children and family to include information about their background and relations with the government and schools 3. where the ministry of education is responsible of these issues 5. And. the clients should be notified about the development of the project. because most project start by pilot area comment In case of failure of the project. Tell the client about Yes. collecting prices is necessary to study the project. it is a Step outcomes between client and consultants It is to meet the educational developments To guarantee that the teachers have the minimum skills required for teaching Necessity of Lebanon to move into modernization The consultants keep the clients well informed about the processes. 7. and teaching new methodologies which influence social. But the private schools need the training due to the Yes. added to the degrees that the teachers already have it Yes. and the clients take most of the decisions. the ministry of on the technology education introduced to teach introduced the curriculum IT in the schools 6.T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 Now we have to compare the conceptual model with the real world: Blob in conceptual model 1. the implementation brings out unseen issues which can be controlled in pilot area level. Select pilot area for project implementation (North Lebanon) Exists in the real world? Yes. by adding more skills to teach the new curriculum. but not all the teachers have an equal opportunity for training.

4) Bring knowledge from other societies to modernize our knowledge. the debate with the stakeholders is represented by the multiple cause diagram (figure 5) which also reflects the cultural aspect of the parents. 6) Force the teachers to accept the new changes took through the training where their role to manage classrooms. 5) Give education to the child at early stage. and to present feedback to students.T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 competitive market. when the Agreement is needed. Here. completed a purpose to do. so I suggest the following actions: 1) Hire local creative advisors who will study the characteristics of the local society and find its strengths and weaknesses. the consultants are from foreign countries. because IT is It is a necessity to Yes. because they have their own beliefs and culture. to carry instruction. Yes. As we know. the time frame 10. 2) Relocate the reason of education on society’s needs. A comparison table between the conceptual model and the real world. 3) Avoid using old methods with modern ones. Students at private schools spend lots of time on studying at in classes and at home. Page 16 . it is important to go on with the IT equipments needed collect prices to reach project the target. the NGOs try to ameliorate the public schools. students at public schools spend less time on studying. the willingness of the teachers to changes and the student’s level of learning capacities. the plan is be needed as well as target. it is necessary so the project client on project project is and the consultant has can be carried forward. because we have to follows implementation project is to be strategies that should steps and a time frame to achieve the plan by clients applied. Therefore. Table 4. where the The plan draws the Yes. Here. to assess performance. Collect prices for Yes. Agree with the Yes. Now. But. in contrast. required. and the students found the curriculum in hard and not interesting. they only know about the educational systems but not about the Lebanese culture. Prepare a project Yes. we must to outline the missing points. or otherwise he will be shocked and surprised from the information. 8. where the parents could not agree with the implementations. a sign graph represent the relationships between variables in this situation by identifying positive and negative feedback loops driving the system’s behavior (figure 6). a successful team is seen in the private schools. 9. Therefore we need to focus on the situation as a whole.

Page 17 . and those who cannot change their minds cannot change anything. societies are made from system where it sub-systems constitute from education. Lebanon faces blind memorization performance measures. Many changes should be taken. and the educational part should be re-implemented with the local behavior. where well educated child lead to have a successful future where he can ameliorate his parent’s life. As we know. In conclusion. economics. members. Here a control model (figure 7) can take place because the output will give me the information I need so that the next piece turns out better. unneeded study. industries… they are always related and interconnected. and disintegration from the rest of the society like the industry and the culture. this process is not easy and can’t be solved in the short term.T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 7) Tell the parents about the advantages of the education. inappropriate graduates. the progress is impossible without change.

Page 18 .T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 List of figures Figure 2: A rich picture representing child education in North Lebanon.

T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 Figure 3: A spray diagram showing child education in North Lebanon Page 19 .

T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 Figure 4: A system map representing a system for enhancing child education in North Lebanon Page 20 .

T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 Figure 5: An influence diagram representing a system for enhancing child education in North Lebanon Page 21 .

T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 Figure 6: A multiple cause diagram representing the teaching technique in North Lebanon Page 22 .

T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 Figure 7: A sign graph representing the teaching technique in North Lebanon Page 23 .

T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 Figure 8: A control model representing the child education process with close loop control Page 24 .

Force the teachers to accept the new changes took through the training. To attain this. I advise you to hire local advisors to do the work because they would reflect the local community in the whole educational system. 4. 6. Give education to the child at early stage. Bring knowledge from other societies to modernize our knowledge. where well educated child lead to have a successful future where he can ameliorate his parent’s life. I would like to start by confirming that other projects carried out by various parties are indeed a huge benefit. 2. curriculum. 9. some gaps exist especially about who is proposing and doing the change. Avoid using old methods with modern technologies 5. 3.T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 Chapter 2 Client report: To: Head / Early Child Education Division Ministry of Education Beyrouth-Lebanon 30/12/2010 I am pleased to share with you the results of the analysis I arranged out on ‘Early Child Education in Lebanon’ especially in north area. Use the facilitation from banks to improve the economic life of parents to let their children go to schools. or otherwise he will be shocked and surprised from the information. which leads to tighter link between children and their teachers. However. I propose the following actions: 1. 7. 8. culture and schools. Tell the parents about the advantages of the education. Analyze and improve the situation locally. Therefore. Page 25 . The educational system empowerment is done through using foreign advisors where he will express the character of his community and missing our culture and beliefs. this issue is build but lots of awareness and by explaining how the banks can secure their life (funds). Focus on society’s needs. Hire local experts and let them study the complex characteristics with the strength and weakness of the local society.

and people don’t understand that low education experience lead to less qualified people in the future. higher educational skills are achieved. So I know I will be facing lots of problems while talking to these people and to convince them to change their mentality. In addition. you will grow implemented with the local behavior. Best regards.T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 I know that we both have fear about the parents in North of Lebanon because they don’t agree with my ideas. many changes should be taken. But. stronger. and what motivates me is the fact that in the modern areas so many parents believe that their children can do better and have the right to be well treated and educated. improving class practices and School infrastructure and making recreational activities. be more skilled and more successful. improving child performance. And what I expect to be done is improving the school quality. At the end. we need lots of time to restructure the child behavior. due to their own beliefs and culture. I believe that well-educated children can be excellent future leaders. Plus. the technological equipments can’t be afforded due to money requirement. and the educational part should be reWith each successful step you take. Judith Al Badawi Page 26 . changing the parent’s mentality by educating parents. increasing teacher’s professionalism.

therefore. Week 2 13 December I prepared the situation and the system of interest within this context and prepared related diagrams. I also started identifying the key roles. I worked on my outline proposal. and UNICEF… After collecting all the information about my mess like the concept. I assessed my data and confirmed the honesty of the information. The problem situation seems to be a large mess. I compare the three methods in order to decide which one fits better. I introduced the mess and I represent the stakeholder’s perspectives chosen above. Read and check data more than one time to get the clear understanding of it and after that I tried to organize it and I attempted to write it on my own words to show my understanding and my interesting about the case. I have decided to use only one method rather than linking more than one or develop a methodology. Save the Children. especially because the data is not available about Lebanon over the net. Begin date: December 6. and I made a summary about the situation. I gathered my outline ideas mainly from the internet and I focused my sources of information to include USAID. 2010 Week date Week 1 6 December Task action list Searching for good information about child education issue. 2010 Target end day: December 30. Page 27 . of stakeholders. I decide on the project title. It took a lot of efforts and time to look for it by using different recourses.T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 Chapter 3 Project log: Project name: Enhancing child education in North Lebanon. plus I drew the suitable diagram (rich picture and spray diagram) that make my issue very easy to understand. I started building an idea on the approach I intend to adopt for the project. which is suited to fulfil my requirement. causes and stakeholders with their views. I decided to use the soft systems method.

such as the summary and conclusion. word count. I tried to limit the report to about 2000 words maximum but I think this is going to be difficult. word count… I read the final document many times before I could feel really content with all its parts. the abstract. Then I covered all project parts with the instructions. I organized my annexes and scanned the hand-drawn ones. my overall summary and I finalized my log frame. I finalized my project and I am satisfied with the outcome as a lot of effort was put into this project.T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 Week 3 20 December I Spent all week finalizing my initial report. Plus. Week 4 27 December It was an intensive week of work. it is the last week I had before the cut-off date for project submission. and implementing the SSM in my analysis. ethical statement and the acknowledgement. Plus. I had to rewrite some parts. I managed to cover all project parts in relation with the instructions. I have got a lot of related information and it is difficult to know what to include and what to miss out. Page 28 . . I showed the debate with the stakeholders and the implemented changes needed to solve the mess and I finished my tutor report. I wrote the client report. by presenting the CATWOE check list and the conceptual model compared by the real world.

These features are essential of the juggling act achieved by any systems practitioner and they gave me access to epistemological awareness. it turned to be way out of the word limit. selecting data from the internet.T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 Chapter 4 Overall summary: During the preparation of my project. ‘enhancing child education in North Lebanon’. I did not know where to start and what to do with all of it. I was also doing the intrinsic brainstorming. designing my work process. the background and the community of north Lebanon. checking the UNICEF website. By doing this I was going through the phase of reflection before action where I reduce errors and organize my work more and focus on goals. Then. I faced a difficulty on arranging out the huge data I have collected. which is a trap I was about to fall in. or in other words my own mental practice and anticipatory thinking. Here I found that the vital element to solve this situation is the culture. I was exploring the culture of north people. I used my existing knowledge and experience to prepare the next step. Also. the way of living. I started to arrange my disorganized notes in relation with project. I. I started planning for it by collecting information about it. as a systems practitioner. I decided that I had enough info for the initial report and to continue the research. Before I started working on my complexity. I didn’t notice that the foreign advisor is the most essential key element which could affect my situation. at one stage I found out that I was doing the analysis with a clear goal in mind. Here. their attitude and behavior toward new transformations… While preparing the project. Therefore. thinking about how to organize my work and the methods that I will use. So after preparing my first draft. was going through a ‘reflective practice’ where the activities allow me to move towards achieving the target of becoming more aware and of improving my practice. Reflective practice was adopted when I was working with an awareness of questions about the project I am preparing. I had to redirect myself towards thinking systemically. Much more. I was learning and doing self-evaluation and examining and enhancing my self-knowledge. it was very necessary to stop and re-think about the way I was working. I started doing the actual work on the project and started analysing the situation. Page 29 . and setting a time schedule to be able to meet deadline. Particularly.

a good analysis and I did apply a correct method during my analysis. helped me to identify possible systems of interest within the situation. as well as the figures resorting. Here. I was reflecting on previous practice experience.T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 Rethinking about why I was about to fall into this trap has led me to one answer that I was trying to look for a solution that others did not think of before. I was basically reflecting on my own actions. I tried to interpret action in terms of adopted theory. These systems of interest can determine the points of conflict or why the conflict appear. One of the most attempts of the SSM approach is that it helps in simplifying the problem by giving the chance to know the perspective of each stakeholder while recognizing that they differ because of different values and beliefs that each has. This phase included representation of some parts. asking myself different questions all the time. like the summary and conclusion. During this phase too. I reviewed all work done and reflected on it. This engagement between me and the complex situation. Doing all this. I was not only thinking about the situation of interest and their approach to it but I also paid attention to my own part in a system of inquiry.(Armson & Ison. something that was done much better than my previous efforts in previous occasions – both at work and with other AOU assignments. each and every phase made me gain new insights about my chosen topic. and reached a conclusion that I did prepare a good project proposal. to be an aware and conscious system practitioner. which make the problem easier to be discussed and solved. and looked into the case with from a different angle. After I accomplished my work. and started working towards finding solutions that match that particular goal. By immersing myself in this complexity. I released myself from the goal-oriented behavior. it deals with contexts as wholeness. When I rethought it over again. I began to touch the solution. the Soft System Method was very helpful for analyzing this mess. All this was reflection-in-action. 2005) Page 30 . and to determine what’s going on and what actions can be taken to improve it. This is only when I was able to continue the analysis as a real systems practitioner. evaluated it and decided whether my work and practice have helped me to reach a required solution or not.

viewed 19 December.. Managing complexity: a system approach. Ison.org/refworld/docid/3df5a7db4.org/lebanon/stop. viewed 11 December 2010..4562d8cf2.. Managing complexity: a system approach. http://www.html Viste. factor affecting early childhood education.org/refworld/country.Lebanon. Want your child educated innovatively? Want to educate innovatively? Come to NYC Public Schools. Committee on the Rights of the Child. Chapman. J 2009. http://www.com/2010/09/want-your-child-to-be-educated.LBN.effectivephilanthropy. http://lebanon-support. viewed 13 December 2010. block 2: managing and learning with information system.unhcr. R 2005. The Open University. 2010.USDOL.html Effective philanthropy 2001. Child labor in Lebanon 2010.unhcr. block 1: juggling with complexity : searching for a system. American Near East Refugee Aid (ANERA). R..php?offset=8&page=international_org United States Department of Labor 2006.htm Convention of the right of the child 2000. Bell. UNICEF Beirut Programmatic response to child labor.blogspot. S. educational programs. J 2005.au/..html Page 31 . http://www. www./Key%20Factors%20Affecting%20Early%20Child hood%20Develop.unicef. 2005 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor . viewed 9 December 2010. The Open University. viewed 9 December 2010.T306B_Final Project_Fall 2010_080558_Judith Al Badawi_S312 Chapter 5 References: Armson.48d748f73e. viewed 20 December 2010 http://theinnovativeeducator.com. The innovative educator 2010.org/index.0..