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English Equivalent Аа Bb Vv Gg Dd YE ye YO yo Zh zh
Sound Like "a" in car Like "b" in bat Like "v" in van Like "g" in go Like "d" in dog Like "ye" in yet, Like "yo" in yonder Like "s" in measure or pleasure
Letter Name in Russian "ah" "beh" "veh" "geh" "deh" "yeh" "yo" "zheh"
or like "g" in beige (the colour) Zz EE ee I i or Y y Kk Ll Mm Nn Stressed: O o Unstressed: A a Pp Rr Ss Tt Uu Ff H h, KH kh TS ts Like "z" in zoo Like "ee" in see like "y" in boy or toy Like "k" in kitten, "c" in cat. Like "l" in light Like "m" in mat Like "n" in no Like "o" in bore Like "a" in car Like "p" in pot Like "r" in run (rolled) Like "s" in sam Like "t" in tap Like "oo" in boot Like "f" in fat Like "h" in hello or like the "ch" in Scottish 'loch' or German 'Bach' Like "ts" in bits "zeh" "ee" "ee kratkoyeh" "kah" "ehl" "ehm" "ehn" "oh" "peh" "ehr" "ehs" "teh" "oo" "ehf" "khah" "tseh"
(Help) Now that you understand the Russian letters and numbers. When you were young. А а А а Б б Б б В в В в Г г Г г Д д Д д Е е Е е Ё ё Ё ё Ж ж Ж ж З з З з И и И и Й й Й й К к К к Л л Л л М м М м Н н Н н О о О о П п П п Р р Р р С с С с Т т Т т У у У у Ф ф Ф ф Х х Х х Ц ц Ц ц Ч ч Ч ч Ш ш Ш ш Щ щ Щ щ Ъ ъ Ъ ъ Ы ы Ы ы Ь ь Ь ь Э э Э э Ю ю Ю ю Я я Я я Main Lesson Vocabulary Exercises New Russian Audio: This lesson now has Russian sound samples. you will find it easier to understand how the grammar works. Once you have a 'feel' for the language. Differences to note are highlighted in red. It is more important to have basic communication skills in Russian. we will begin to learn some basic Russian phrases that you will commonly use as part of everyday communication. We feel it is easier to learn Russian the same way. as the lowercase cursive version is much closer to the hand-written version of the russian character. we will cover grammar in later lessons. In this lesson you will learn the Russian language basics. and the cursive (italic) version of the character. Click the green icon to listen. We will not attempt to introduce any grammar in this lesson. however don’t worry. This may be useful in a later lesson.Чч Шш Щщ Ъъ Ыы Ьь Ээ Юю Яя CH ch SH sh (hard) SH sh (soft) Hard Sign Ii Soft Sign Ee YU yu YA ya Like "ch" in chip Like "sh" in shut Like "sh" in sheep Letter before is hard Like "i" in ill Letter before is soft Like "e" in pet Like "u" in use or university Like "ya" in yard. "cheh" "shah" "schyah" "tvyordiy znahk" "i" "myagkeey znahk" "eh" "yoo" "yah" The table below gives you the normal printed version of the russian characters. . you learnt to speak before you learnt the grammar.
Yes Нет ("nyet") .. Спасибо ("spa-see-ba") . Yes and No.My name is . after somebody says thank-you.. Introducing Yourself. Пожалуйста is pronounced a little different than it is written. The two most important words you will learn in Russian are please and thank-you. There are two forms of this word.) Please and Thank-You.Please (and You're Welcome) The word Пожалуйста is also used to mean "You're Welcome". then it is normally safe to proceed in the friendly tone.Hi (Informal) Здравствуйте may be a little difficult for you to pronounce at first. keep in mind that Привет is informal (much like "hi" in English). or in places like business meetings. Привет is also commonly used with friends. and should only be used with friends.Thank-You Пожалуйста ("pa-zhal-sta") . You should always say this after someone thanks you. . You can just add these to any sentence to make it more polite. Use the friendly (or familiar) form when you are speaking to someone you consider a friend. It would be considered slightly rude to use the wrong form in the wrong situation.When you are in Russia it is important to realise that Russians have two manners of speaking. but it is the most common Russian greeting so you should try to practice it. the first thing you will want to do is to say "hello". ("min-ya za-voot") . formal or friendly. This is much easier than it sounds. Two other very important Russian words are "Yes" and "No".Hello (Formal) Привет ("pree-vyet") . you can basically forget the "уй". (Mainly the Russian word for “you”. for example in shops or with taxi drivers. In order to introduce yourself. You would also use the formal form as a sign of respect to teachers.No Saying Hello. as there are only a couple of words that change.. Здравствуйте ("zdra-stvooy-tye") . In situations where you have never met the person before you would use the formal form. However. Да ("da") . you may need the following phrases. If somebody says Привет to you. When you are in Russia and you meet somebody. Keep this in mind as you work through these lessons.. Меня зовут .
Я не люблю музыку . Ты любишь музыку? . it is time to start using it. Он любит Москву . After this lesson you should be able to ask or tell people what you want and like. What? .Как вас зовут? ("kak vas za-voot") .Nadya doesn't like wine. Любишь) Remember that a noun after “I love” should be in the accusative case as it is the object of the sentence. How are you? The most natural way to ask someone how they are in Russian is to ask: "how are things?" Как дела? .Do you love music? Я люблю Москву . You should just learn the whole phrase.How are things? Main Lesson Vocabulary Exercises New Russian Audio: This lesson now has Russian sound samples. Here are some uses of the word: Я люблю спорт . Надя не любит вино . Note: The above 3 phrases are gramatically unusual.I love music. In this lesson we will form simple Russian phrases and sentences.I love sport. (Help) Now that we have done the hard work learning some Russian grammar.Nadya loves wine.I love Moscow.He loves Moscow. Надя любит вино .Pleased to meet you. Я люблю музыку . To Love Let's start with the Russian verb "to love": Любить (Люблю.What is your name? Очень приятно ("och-en pree-yat-na") . Иван любит чай . not the individual words.I don't like music. Click the green icon to listen.Ivan loves tea.
Я читаю журнал .to study Думать .to watch. Я слушаю музыку . An example could be: Я знаю. If you would like. you can see how these verbs are conjugated by clicking here. Слушать .I am reading the newspaper Я читаю книгу . so don't be confused.to work Хотеть . Let's introduce some new Russian verbs now.I want tea. Я изучаю русский язык .to want Here are some possible uses of these verbs: Я смотрю телевизор .What do you love? However. For example "I like to read" or "I want to read". The word "Что" has two uses.What do you want? Sometime you will want to talk about an action. Я слушаю Радио . что ты любишь музыку.I know that you love music.What do you think? (lit: How do you think?) Я хочу чай . Using other Russian verbs To express yourself better in Russian you will need to learn some more Russian verbs.I am watching television. You can use it to form questions.I study Russian.The word "Что?" (pronounced "shto?") means "What?".I think so! Как вы думаете? .to think Работать .to listen Изучать . Я так думаю .to read. Читать . Смотреть .I am listening to the radio. For example: Я люблю читать .I am reading a book. In Russian you should leave the 2nd verb in the infinitive form. if you see the word "Что" in the middle of a sentence. In such cases you are using 2 verbs in a row. it is probably the conjunction "that". .I am reading a magazine. . Что ты любишь? . Что вы хотите? . (lit: I study the Russian language). Я читаю газету .I am listening to music.I love to read.
I really love Moscow. Я хочу купить журнал . if you can memorise the verbs you will find it easier to express yourself in Russian.I want to buy a magazine. Very A very useful Russian word is the word for "very". Question Words You may also find these question words useful during your travels around Russia. For example: Очень .Who? Что? . (or really) Я очень люблю спорт . The lesson will focus on some new basic Russian phrases. Где? .How? Почему? .What? Как? . In this lesson we will not introduce any grammar concepts. It sometimes replaces the word "really" also.Where? Кто? . so you may wish to review some of it again later. Finding a cafe . With just a few phrases you should be able to manage in Russian bars or cafes.Я люблю путешествовать . (Help) The aim of lesson 4 is to enable you to buy things when you are in Russia.I love to travel. You can include it into many phrases.I really love sport. Russian Audio: This lesson now has Russian sound samples. Conclusion You should now know the basics for forming simple Russian sentences. Click the green icon to listen.very. Я очень люблю Москву . In particular. There is quite a bit of vocabulary in this lesson. In this lesson we learnt expressions that are useful for talking about things that you like.Why? If you would like to learn more then refer to the question words page in the grammar section.
? If you want to ask someone if they have something.. On the Menu If you were in a Russian bar or café. Скажите. you might be looking for somewhere to have a drink. У вас есть .Beer Вино .. you can use the following phrase..Tea Молоко .Milk Кока-Кола .Do you have tea? У вас есть Водка? .Do you have vodka? Please give me .Menu Кофе . где бар? . Do you have. it is gramatically unusual).Tell me please.? (formal) For example: У вас есть Кофе? ..Tell me please. you will generally get straight vodka..Coca-Cola Лимонад .Water Be careful. so the phrase “Где кафе?” means both “where is a cafe?” and “where is the cafe?”. (Just learn the whole phrase.Russian beetroot soup Суп .Coffee Чай .Wine Вода . пожалуйста.? . где кафе? .Tell me please. пожалуйста.Do you have coffee? У вас есть Чай? . You could ask people with the following phrases. where is a bar? Russian does not use the articles “a” or “the”.Cake Водка .. when you order vodka in russia.... Скажите.Vodka Пиво ..Lemonade Сок . пожалуйста. where is a cafe? Скажите.Do you have . ..After a busy day in Russia... here are some words you might see on the menu: Меню ..Soup Торт .Juice Борщ .
Conclusion This has been a shorter Russian lesson. кофе с молоком и с сахаром ....? To finish up this lesson here is a Russian phrase to help you find out where a toilet is.. Дайте.Please give me coffee with milk. and you will be able to start constructing your own sentences.I want.Please give me coffee.Give me please.Please give me coffee with milk and sugar. However these Russian phrases should be helpful next time you are in a Russian café or bar. кофе . пожалуйста.How much is it?... . Скажите. Here are some Russian phrases you might need. пожалуйста . пожалуйста.Tell me please.When you decide what you will have you will need to order. Дайте. пожалуйста. You may wish to try some of the exercises. Пожалуйста . Where is the toilet. чай..Please give me tea. кофе с молоком .. Examples: Дайте. Где Туалет . where is the toilet? The mens toilets are normally labeled with an "M". Дайте.. The ladies toilets are normally labeled with a "Ж". пожалуйста. . сколько стоит? ..What do you want? Я хочу .What? Что вы хотите? . or be asked: Что? ("shto?") . In the next lesson we will introduce verbs and pronouns. . Дайте.. .
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