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**IRAN POWER DEVELOPMENT COMPANY
**

I.P.D.C

PROJECT:

PROJECT : SHIRVAN 6×159 M.W. GAS TURBINE POWER PLANT

STEAM & CONDENSATE DESIGN AND

PIPE SIZING CALCULATION

IN-HOUSE REVISIONS DOCUMENT REVISIONS

B B

A FOR APPROVAL A.M APR.05 A.S.M APR.05 E.A APR.05 A FOR APPROVAL A.M APR.05 A.S.M APR.05 E.A APR.05

0 FOR APPROVAL A.M DEC.04 A.S.M DEC.04 E.A DEC.04 0 FOR APPROVAL A.M DEC.04 A.S.M DEC.04 E.A DEC.04

REV. DESCRIPTION DESG. DATE CHK. DATE APP. DATE REV. DESCRIPTION DESG. Date CHK. Date APP. Date

VENDOR:

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MINISTRY OF ENERGY

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PROJECT:

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PAGE REVISION REMARKS PAGE REVISION REMARKS

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53 89

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DOCUMENT NO.:

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STEAM &

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MINISTRY OF ENERGY

IRAN POWER DEVELOPMENT COMPANY

I.P.D.C

PROJECT:

PROJECT : SHIRVAN 6×159 M.W. GAS TURBINE POWER PLANT

Introduction

For supply of steam to heat the gasoil storage tanks in this project a steam with a pressure of 6 bar(a)

& temperature of 180 ºC is considered.(that is 20ºC super heated)

Aux. steam consumption is mainly considered for following purposes:

- Heating and keeping temperature of two gas oil storage tanks at 12 ºC.

- Heat tracing of gasoil lines.

Gas oil storage tanks are always kept at 12 ºC. The volume storage of each gas oil tank is 20,000 m

3

.

Note: For an optimum calculation of steam consumption, all calculations are based on minimum mean

daily ambient air temperature of -12

º

C.

General Conditions:

T

a

= Ambient temperature = 10.4

o

F

T

o

= Steam temperature = 356

o

F

P

o

= Steam pressure 6 bar (abs)

T

w

= Wall temperature of tank

T

g

= Gas oil temperature = 53.6

o

F

D = Gas oil tank diameter = 150 ft

H = Gas oil tank height = 42 ft

Gas oil properties at 12

o

C

ρ : Density = 52.68 lb/ft

3

C : Specific heat capacity = 0.45 Btu/lb

o

F

µ : Viscosity = 13.31 lb/ft.hr

β = 0.0004 1/

o

F

K : Thermal conductivity = 0.0798 Btu/ft.hr.

o

F

h

fg

(at 6 bar(a) pressure)=896 Btu/lb

h

i

= inside convectional heat transfer coefficient (Btu/hr.ft

2

.

o

F)

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DOCUMENT NO.:

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MINISTRY OF ENERGY

IRAN POWER DEVELOPMENT COMPANY

I.P.D.C

PROJECT:

PROJECT : SHIRVAN 6×159 M.W. GAS TURBINE POWER PLANT

Components of correlations

Q = Tank heat loss

m = Mass flow rate

A' = Heat transfer surface of steam coil

U' = Overall heat transfer coefficient

U = corrected overall heat transfer coefficient

h= Convectional heat transfer coefficient

F=Fouling factor 0.003 [(hr)(ft

2

)(

○

F) /Btu)]

References:

[1] : Introduction to heat transfer by Frank Incropera-Free convection chapter

[2] : ASHRAE , Fundamental – Free Convection Section

[3] : Introduction to heat transfer by J.P.Holman-Free convection chapter

[4] : Process Heat Transfer by Kern

[5] : Introduction to heat transfer by Frank Incropera-Free convection chapter

[6] : Piping Handbook by Mohinder L. Nayyer

[7] : Flow of fluids by CRANE Co.

[8] : Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Design Manual , CAPITOLINE

Properties of gas oil are taken from : “Petroleum Refinery Engineering “ by W.L Nelson

Scope of work

This document deals with the calculation details of auxiliary steam system of Shirvan power plant. As it

will be mentioned, the steam is used for heating the gasoil system. In the next sections the calculation

for steam part of system which include calculation of heat loss of storage tank and estimating the

required

steam consumption for this purpose, sizing of tank coil heater, calculation of the heat loss of gasoil lines,

their acoompanying tracers will be shown.

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DOCUMENT NO.:

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MINISTRY OF ENERGY

IRAN POWER DEVELOPMENT COMPANY

I.P.D.C

PROJECT:

PROJECT : SHIRVAN 6×159 M.W. GAS TURBINE POWER PLANT

Calculation

There is natural convectional heat transfer between warm gas oil & cold tank wall. Free convection heat

transfer coefficient on a vertical plate with length (L) can be written as follow:

2

27 / 8 16 / 9

6 / 1

}

] Pr) / 492 . 0 ( 1 [

387 . 0

825 . 0 {

+

+ · ·

L

gasoil

i

Ra

Nu

K

L h

[1]

Where Ra

L

= Gr

L

. Pr or

K

L T T Cg

Ra

wall gasoil

L

µ

ρ β

3 2

) ( −

·

It is noted that Ra, Gr, Pr and Nu are Rayleigh, Grashof, Prantel and Nusselt numbers respectively.

For tanks heat loss calculation, external surface temperature should be calculated. It should be

mentioned that as portion of D (Tank diameter) to H (Height of tank) is much greater than (35/Gr

H

1/4

), so

according to ref. [5] tanks can be considered as vertical plates. Of course this condition will be checked

in each part.

Internal free convection heat transfer coefficient (hi) on the basis of tank height can be calculated via the

formula as follow:

2

27 / 8 16 / 9

6 / 1

}

] Pr) / 492 . 0 ( 1 [

387 . 0

825 . 0 {

+

+ · ·

H

gasoil

i

Ra

Nu

K

H h

Where

2

3 2

) (

µ

ρ β H T T g

Gr

wall gasoil

H

−

·

K

Cµ

· Pr

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MINISTRY OF ENERGY

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PROJECT : SHIRVAN 6×159 M.W. GAS TURBINE POWER PLANT

Where (g=32.2 ft/sec

2

) is acceleration of gravity.Other parameters have been identified in the pages

before. As T

wall

is going to be calculated therefore at first a temperature is assumed as tank wall

temperature, say 45° F, so Gr

H

and Pr will be calculated as follow:

2

3 2 2

) 31 . 13 (

42 ) 68 . 52 ( ) 45 6 . 53 ( 0004 . 0 ) 3600 ( 2 . 32 × × − × × ×

·

H

Gr

0798 . 0

31 . 13 45 . 0

Pr

×

·

So

12

10 66 . 1 × ·

H

Gr & Pr = 75.05

Noted that [(35/Gr

H

1/4

) << (150/42)]

14

10 25 . 1 × ·

H

Ra

So

2

27

8

16

9

6

1

14

}

] )

05 . 75

492 . 0

( 1 [

) 10 25 . 1 ( 387 . 0

825 . 0 {

+

× ×

+ ·

H

Nu

Therefore 8 . 7379 · ·

K

hiH

Nu

H

Or

F ft hr

Btu

hi

°

·

×

·

. .

02 . 14

42

0798 . 0 7379

2

There is free convectional heat transfer between warm tank wall & ambient which heat transfer

coefficient of this phenomenon can be written as follow:

33 . 0

) ( 19 . 0 T h

out convection

∆ · [2]

·

out convection

h

F ft hr

Btu

°

· − ×

. .

612 . 0 ) 4 . 10 45 ( 19 . 0

2

33 .. 0

In addition there is radiation heat transfer between tank wall & ambient:

) 4 . 10 45 (

)

100

460 4 . 10

( )

100

460 45

(

17134 . 0 8 . 0

4 4

−

+

−

+

× ·

radiation

h

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MINISTRY OF ENERGY

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I.P.D.C

PROJECT:

PROJECT : SHIRVAN 6×159 M.W. GAS TURBINE POWER PLANT

F ft hr

Btu

h

radiation

°

·

. .

637 . 0

2

With definition h

out

& alfa as follow

h

out

= h

radiation

+ h

convection

out

And

) (

out i

h h

hi

alfa

+

·

And with consideration heat balance equation as follow:

hi (T

gasoil

– T

wall

) = h

out

(T

wall

– T

ambient

)

T

wall

can be written as:

T

wall

= T

ambient

+ (alfa) (T

gasoil

– T

ambient

)

h

out

= 1.248

F ft hr

Btu

° . .

2

alfa = 0.918

So T

wall

= 10.4 + 0.918 × (53.6-10.4)

Or T

wall

= 50.06°F

In the second try 50.06°F is a assumed as wall temperature, so:

11

10 86 . 6 × ·

H

Gr

13

10 147 . 5 × ·

H

Ra

F ft hr

Btu

h

Nu

i

H

°

·

·

. .

46 . 10

54 . 5506

2

F ft hr

Btu

h

F ft hr

Btu

h

F ft hr

Btu

h

out

out convection

radiation

°

·

°

·

°

·

. .

287 . 1

. .

64 . 0

. .

647 . 0

2

2

2

alfa = 0.89

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PROJECT:

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T

wall

= 48.86°F

In the third try 48.86°F is assumed as wall temperature, so

F ft hr

Btu

h

F ft hr

Btu

h

F ft hr

Btu

h

Nu

Ra

Gr

out

radiation

i

H

H

H

°

·

°

·

°

·

·

× ·

× ·

. .

278 . 1

. .

644 . 0

. .

519 . 11

8 . 6062

10 89 . 6

10 18 . 9

2

2

2

13

11

alfa = 0.9

T

wall

= 49.28° F

After a few try and errors 49.2°F is achieved as tank wall temperature. Therefore three kind of main heat

transfer can be calculated using above wall temperature.

1. Radiation heat transfer from tank wall to ambient

Using formula:

×

+

−

+

× × · ] )

100

460

( )

100

460

[( 17134 . 0 8 . 0

4 4 ambient wall

radiation

T T

Q Surface of heat transfer

Q

radiation

= 0.8 × 0.17134 × [672.3-489.6] × 3.14 × 150 × 42 or Q

radiation

= 495,317

hr

Btu

2. Free convection heat transfer from tank external surface to ambient.

There is free convection heat transfer from external surface of tank to ambient due to temperature

difference. This heat transfer can be written as

Q= h

convection

out

× (T

wall

– T

ambient

) × (Heat transfer surface) where h

convection

out

= 0.19 × (T

wall

– T

ambient

)

0.33

F ft hr

Btu

° . .

2

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So Q

convection

out

= 0.19 × (49.2-10.4)

1.33

× (3.14 × 150 × 42) or Q

convection

out

= 487,719

hr

Btu

3. Total heat transfer in the case of heating one tank

Total heat transfer from tank to the surrounding is

Q

radiation

+ Q

convection

out

= 983036

hr

Btu

select 1,000,000 Btu/hr

4. Calculation of heat load to preheat of cold gasoil.

Suppose that gas oil enters into the tank with 30°F (-1°C) and bottom heater should warm this cold

gasoil up to 53.6°F (+12°C) during 60 hours. Gasoil is subjected to pervious different kinds of heat

transfer as mentioned on the pages before.

Point the finger that tank wall is supposed to be thin layered so equation can be written as

Q

input

(Btu) = Q

convection

out

(Btu) + Q

radiation

(Btu)+ (Mass of gasoil) × C × (T

final

– T

initial

) (Btu)

5. Q convection out during 60 hours

Q

convention out

= h

convention out

*area of heat transfer *∆T * 60 hrs

Q

convection out

= ( ) 60 42 150 14 . 3 4 . 10

2

2 . 49 30

19 . 0

33 . 1

× × × ×

,

_

¸

¸

−

+

Or Q

convection out

= 20,050,917 Btu

6. Q

radiation

during 60 hours

Q radiation =

( ) 60 42 150 14 . 3

100

460 4 . 10

100

460 6 . 39

17134 . 0 8 . 0

4 4

× × × ×

1

1

]

1

¸

,

_

¸

¸ +

−

,

_

¸

¸ +

× ×

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PROJECT:

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So Q radiation =21,698,596 (Btu)

7. Gas oil pre heat load

Mass of gas oil = (volume of tank) * ρ

gas oil

= 39,079,341 lb

Q = 39,079,341 * 0.45 * (53.6 - 30) = 415,022,601 (Btu)

8. Total heat load to preheat:

Q

total

= Q

convection

out

+Q

radiation

+ Q

warming gasoil

So Q

total

= 20050917 (Btu) + 21698596 (Btu ) + 415022601 (Btu)

Or Q

total

= 456,772,115 (Btu)

Heat rate =

,

_

¸

¸

·

hr

Btu Qtotal

869 , 612 , 7

60

As the heat rate of pre heating is greater than of the heating load so bottom heater coils will be sized

according to pre heating load (7,612,869 select 7,700,000

hr

Btu

)

9. Coil u calculation

There is natural convection from bottom heater of tank to gas oil. On the basis of Mc Adams

Formula natural convection coefficient from a cylinder to its surroundings can be calculated as follow:

25 . 0

53 . 0

d d

Ra Nu × · [3]

Suppose ( ) " 5 · D pipes to be used as bottom heaters so

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K

TD Cg

Ra

D

µ

ρ β

2 3

. ∆

·

so

( )

9

2

3

2

10 53 . 5

0798 . 0 31 . 13

68 . 52

12

56 . 5

0004 . 0 ) 6 . 53 337 ( 3600 2 . 32 45 . 0

× ·

×

×

,

_

¸

¸

× × − × × ×

·

oF oF

D

Ra

Point the finger that 337

o

F is average of super heated steam temperature (356

o

F) and saturated steam at

88 psi a (318

o

F)

So

25 . 0

53 . 0

d d

Ra Nu × · =144

8 . 24

12

56 . 5

0798 . 0 * 144

144 ·

,

_

¸

¸

· ⇒ · h

K

hD

F ft hr

Btu

. .

2

As steam inside the pipe is distilling to saturated water so heat transfer coefficient is so high in this case

[ ] 4

. .

1500

2 1

]

1

¸

F ft hr

Btu

(Chapter 7 , page No. 164)

Point the finger that this coefficient can be calculated by Chato formula as follow:

( )

( )

where

D T

h K g

H

fg v l

D

2

1

1

3

1

555 . 0

1

1

]

1

¸

∆

′ −

·

µ

ρ ρ ρ

( )

s sat pl fg

T T C hfg h − + · ′

8

3

[ ] 5

Mention that

steam tion freeconvec

h h u

1 1

'

1

+ ·

so

4 . 24

1

1500

1

8 . 24

1 1

≅ + ·

′ ′ u

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K

C

pr

TD g

Gr

D

µ

µ

ρ β

·

∆

· &

2

2 3

MINISTRY OF ENERGY

IRAN POWER DEVELOPMENT COMPANY

I.P.D.C

PROJECT:

PROJECT : SHIRVAN 6×159 M.W. GAS TURBINE POWER PLANT

so 4 . 24 · ′ u there for u= 7 . 22

4 . 24 003 . 0 1

4 . 24

·

× +

F ft hr

Btu

. .

2

10. Calculation of bottom heater coil length.

As the heat rate of pre heating is greater than the heating load so bottom heater coils should be sized

according to pre heating load

hr

But

7700000

T Area U

hr

Btu

Q

coil coil SUPPLY

∆ ·

,

_

¸

¸

. .

f ft hr

Btu

U

coil

. .

7 . 22

2

·

7700000 ( ) F Area

hr

Btu

o

coil

6 . 53 337 * * 7 . 22 − ·

So Area=

2

1196

4 . 283 7 . 22

7700000

ft ·

×

(for 2 branches)

This Area should be supplied by coil length. Suppose the bottom coils are 5

"

pipe so length of pipe (each

branch) will be:

" 5

2

D

Area

l

Π

·

(Each branch)

ft l 411

12

56 . 5

* 14 . 3

2

1196

· ·

(Each branch) [equal to 120m]

With consideration 15%for safety factor the length of each branch will be: 140 m.

11. Heat loss along with steam flow through steam pipes:

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There is heat loss from steam pipes to surrounding along with steam flows through pipes. The maximum

length of mentioned pipes are as follow:

6

"

:370 meters

4

"

:130 meters

2

2

1

"

:260 meters

Heat loss rate per foot of mentioned pipes are as follow :

38

ft

watt

for 6

"

pipelines,

28.3

ft

watt

for 4

"

pipelines

and 21

ft

watt

for 2

2

1

"

pipes. [6]

So heat loss from above pipes will be 76112 watt or 259760

hr

Btu

(select 260000

hr

Btu

)

12-Heat tracers consumption

The fuel pipelines should be warm enough to protect the gas oil from freezing.

This duty can be supplied by steam tracing. Approximately length of gasoil and their heat loss rate per

foot of pipe are as follow:

16

"

:615 meters, 8.9 watt/ft heat loss [6]

12

"

:110 meters, 7.3 watt/ft heat loss [6]

10

"

:135 meters, 6.3 watt/ft heat loss [6]

8

"

:135 meters, 5.2 watt/ft heat loss [6]

5

"

:2000 meters, 3.5 watt/ft heat loss [6]

4

"

:430 meters, 3.1 watt/ft heat loss [6]

So total loss from above pipes is 53000 watt or 180800 (

hr

Btu

) (select 200000

hr

Btu

)

13. Total steam consumption:

VENDOR:

KHERAD WATER TREATMENT CO.

MAPNA

CO.

(PRIVATE JOINT STOCK)

IRAN POWER PLANT PROJECT MANACEMENT CO.

DOCUMENT NO.:

MP-SVG-20ME-08-SB3-001

Rev:

A

PROJECT:

SHIRVAN GAS TURBIN POWER PLANT

ORIG. NO.: REV.

A

CONTRACT

NO.:

FILE NO.:

STEAM &

CONDENSATE DESIGN

PAGE:

13 of 22

MINISTRY OF ENERGY

IRAN POWER DEVELOPMENT COMPANY

I.P.D.C

PROJECT:

PROJECT : SHIRVAN 6×159 M.W. GAS TURBINE POWER PLANT

On the basis that one tank is going to be preheated and one tank is heating and heat loss from pipes total

heat loss can be calculated as follow:

Q

total

= 1000000 + 7700000 + 260000 + 200000 = 9160000

hr

Btu

. (select 10000000

hr

Btu

)

So total steam consumption for doing the action said before can be calculated as follow:

Enthalpy of superheated steam at(88 psia & 356° F): 1206

lb

Btu

Enthalpy of saturated steam at(88 psia): 1185

lb

Btu

Latent heat of saturated steam at(88psia): 896

lb

Btu

specific volume of superheated steam (s.v=0.335 m

3

/kg)

⇒

m =

( ) [ ]

hr

kg

hr

lb

lb

Btu

hr

Btu

Q

TOTAL

4907 10905

896 1185 1206

) (

· ·

+ −

Select 5000

hr

kg

(5ton/hr)

14. Pressure drop calculation and pipe sizing

Following the piping distribution of steam lines and condensate collecting system with their sizing have

been shown which pipe sizes shall be checked using their flow rates and then pressure drop of flow

will be calculated through each lines.

VENDOR:

KHERAD WATER TREATMENT CO.

MAPNA

CO.

(PRIVATE JOINT STOCK)

IRAN POWER PLANT PROJECT MANACEMENT CO.

DOCUMENT NO.:

MP-SVG-20ME-08-SB3-001

Rev:

A

PROJECT:

SHIRVAN GAS TURBIN POWER PLANT

ORIG. NO.: REV.

A

CONTRACT

NO.:

FILE NO.:

STEAM &

CONDENSATE DESIGN

PAGE:

14 of 22

MINISTRY OF ENERGY

IRAN POWER DEVELOPMENT COMPANY

I.P.D.C

PROJECT:

PROJECT : SHIRVAN 6×159 M.W. GAS TURBINE POWER PLANT

Line C-D :

This line supplies the steam for bottom heater and gasoil lines tracers in the mentioned zone(from point

C to point D). So there are two heat loss cases:

A) Bottom heating of gasoil tank : 7,700,000 Btu/hr (according to section 8)

B) Tracers of gasoil lines which include as follow (approximately lengths):

16”: 180 meters (8.9 watt/ft heat loss) => 5255 watt (17930 Btu/hr )

VENDOR:

KHERAD WATER TREATMENT CO.

MAPNA

CO.

(PRIVATE JOINT STOCK)

IRAN POWER PLANT PROJECT MANACEMENT CO.

DOCUMENT NO.:

MP-SVG-20ME-08-SB3-001

Rev:

A

PROJECT:

SHIRVAN GAS TURBIN POWER PLANT

ORIG. NO.: REV.

A

CONTRACT

NO.:

FILE NO.:

STEAM &

CONDENSATE DESIGN

PAGE:

15 of 22

MINISTRY OF ENERGY

IRAN POWER DEVELOPMENT COMPANY

I.P.D.C

PROJECT:

PROJECT : SHIRVAN 6×159 M.W. GAS TURBINE POWER PLANT

4” : 90 meters (3.1 watt/ft heat loss) => 915 watt(3120 Btu/hr)

total heat loss: 7,700,000 + 17,930 + 3,120 = 7,721,050 Btu/hr

⇒

m

line C-D

=

( ) [ ]

hr

kg

hr

lb

lb

Btu

hr

Btu

Q

D neC HeatLossli

3790 8420

896 1185 1206

) (

· ·

+ −

−

d=5” (128mm inside diameter) => Velocity=3790(kg/hr) x 0.335(m3/kg)/[3.14*0.128

2

/4] or

Velocity=98720 m/hr = 27 m/sec

Re

d

= 354 * W(kg/hr) / (d*μ) [7]

Where d and μ are pipe diameter(mm) and absolute viscosity(centipoises) respectively that d=128mm

and μ=0.016 centipoises [7]

So Re

d

= 655110 so f(friction factor)=0.016 [7]

Calculating pressure drop of 100 meter of pipe via formula [7] :

steam

d

fW

P

ρ

5

2

100

62530 · ∆

where ρ

steam

= 1/(s.v)=2.985 kg/m

3

so pascal P 14 . 0

985 . 2 * 128

3790 * 016 . 0

62530

5

2

100

· · ∆

as length of line C-D is 90 meter and with consideration 20% additional length for fittings and valves so

pressure drop along with line C-D will be :

0.14 * 90*1.2/100=0.15pascal

Line L-M :

This line supplies the steam for gasoil lines tracers so there is one heat loss case:

Gasoil lines which subjected to heat tracing are as follow (approximately lengths):

16”: 445 meters (8.9 watt/ft heat loss) => 12995 watt (44332 Btu/hr )

5” : 2000 meters(3.5 watt/ft heat loss) =>22965 watt(78355 Btu/hr)

4” : 480 meters (3.1 watt/ft heat loss) => 4880 watt(16655 Btu/hr)

VENDOR:

KHERAD WATER TREATMENT CO.

MAPNA

CO.

(PRIVATE JOINT STOCK)

IRAN POWER PLANT PROJECT MANACEMENT CO.

DOCUMENT NO.:

MP-SVG-20ME-08-SB3-001

Rev:

A

PROJECT:

SHIRVAN GAS TURBIN POWER PLANT

ORIG. NO.: REV.

A

CONTRACT

NO.:

FILE NO.:

STEAM &

CONDENSATE DESIGN

PAGE:

16 of 22

MINISTRY OF ENERGY

IRAN POWER DEVELOPMENT COMPANY

I.P.D.C

PROJECT:

PROJECT : SHIRVAN 6×159 M.W. GAS TURBINE POWER PLANT

total heat loss: 44,332 + 78,355 + 16,655 = 139,342 Btu/hr

⇒

m

line L-M

=

( ) [ ]

hr

kg

hr

lb

lb

Btu

hr

Btu

Q

M neL HeatLossli

68 150

896 1185 1206

) (

· ·

+ −

−

d=2 1/2” (63mm inside diameter) => Velocity=68(kg/hr) x 0.335(m3/kg)/[3.14*0.063

2

/4] or

Velocity=7311 m/hr = 2 m/sec

Re

d

= 354 * W(kg/hr) / (d*μ) [7]

Where d and μ are pipe diameter(mm) and absolute viscosity(centipoises) respectively that d=63mm

and μ=0.016 centipoises [7]

So Re

d

= 23880 so f(friction factor)=0.028 [7]

Calculating pressure drop of 100 meter of pipe via formula [7] :

steam

d

fW

P

ρ

5

2

100

62530 · ∆

where ρ

steam

= 1/(s.v)=2.985 kg/m

3

so pascal P 0027 . 0

985 . 2 * 63

68 * 028 . 0

62530

5

2

100

· · ∆

as length of line L-M is 415 meters and with consideration 20% additional length for fittings and valves

so pressure drop along with line C-D will be :

0.0027 * 415*1.2/100=0.013pascal

Line C-K :

This line supplies the steam for gasoil lines tracers in section C-K ,L-M and Forwarding pump house

piping. There are three heat loss cases:

A) Gasoil lines which subjected to heat tracing between C and K are as follow (approximately lengths):

16”: 112 meters (8.9 watt/ft heat loss) => 3270 watt (11160 Btu/hr )

4” : 56 meters(3.5 watt/ft heat loss) =>645 watt(2195 Btu/hr)

VENDOR:

KHERAD WATER TREATMENT CO.

MAPNA

CO.

(PRIVATE JOINT STOCK)

IRAN POWER PLANT PROJECT MANACEMENT CO.

DOCUMENT NO.:

MP-SVG-20ME-08-SB3-001

Rev:

A

PROJECT:

SHIRVAN GAS TURBIN POWER PLANT

ORIG. NO.: REV.

A

CONTRACT

NO.:

FILE NO.:

STEAM &

CONDENSATE DESIGN

PAGE:

17 of 22

MINISTRY OF ENERGY

IRAN POWER DEVELOPMENT COMPANY

I.P.D.C

PROJECT:

PROJECT : SHIRVAN 6×159 M.W. GAS TURBINE POWER PLANT

B) Gasoil lines which subjected to heat tracing between L and M which has been calculated in the

previous section which the amount of heat loss is 139,342 Btu/hr

C) Forwarding pump house piping tracers which include piping as follow (approximately lengths):

16

"

: 8 meters(8.9 watt/ft heat loss) => 233 watt ( 800 Btu/hr)

12

"

: 9 meters(7.3 watt/ft heat loss) => 215 watt( 743 Btu/hr)

10

"

: 4 meter(6.3 watt/ft heat loss) => 82 watt( 285 Btu/hr)

8

"

: 4 meters(5.2 watt/ft heat loss) => 68 watt( 234 Btu/hr)

5

"

: 60 meters(3.5 watt/ft heat loss) => 690 watt( 2375 Btu/hr)

total heat loss: 11,160+2,195+139,342+800+743+285+234+2375 = 157134 Btu/hr

⇒

m

line C-K

=

( ) [ ]

hr

kg

hr

lb

lb

Btu

hr

Btu

Q

K neC HeatLossli

75 171

896 1185 1206

) (

· ·

+ −

−

d=4” (102mm inside diameter) => Velocity=75(kg/hr) x 0.335(m3/kg)/[3.14*0.102

2

/4] or

Velocity=3079 m/hr = 0.8 m/sec

Re

d

= 354 * W(kg/hr) / (d*μ) [7]

Where d and μ are pipe diameter(mm) and absolute viscosity(centipoises) respectively that d=102mm

and μ=0.016 centipoises [7]

So Re

d

= 16268 so f(friction factor)=0.028 [7]

Calculating pressure drop of 100 meter of pipe via formula [7] :

steam

d

fW

P

ρ

5

2

100

62530 · ∆

where ρ

steam

= 1/(s.v)=2.985 kg/m

3

so pascal P 0003 . 0

985 . 2 * 102

75 * 028 . 0

62530

5

2

100

· · ∆

as length of line C-K is 60 meters and with consideration 20% additional length for fittings and valves

so pressure drop along with line C-K will be :

VENDOR:

KHERAD WATER TREATMENT CO.

MAPNA

CO.

(PRIVATE JOINT STOCK)

IRAN POWER PLANT PROJECT MANACEMENT CO.

DOCUMENT NO.:

MP-SVG-20ME-08-SB3-001

Rev:

A

PROJECT:

SHIRVAN GAS TURBIN POWER PLANT

ORIG. NO.: REV.

A

CONTRACT

NO.:

FILE NO.:

STEAM &

CONDENSATE DESIGN

PAGE:

18 of 22

MINISTRY OF ENERGY

IRAN POWER DEVELOPMENT COMPANY

I.P.D.C

PROJECT:

PROJECT : SHIRVAN 6×159 M.W. GAS TURBINE POWER PLANT

0.0003 * 60*1.2/100=0.0002 pascal

Line C-B :

This line supplies the steam for gasoil lines tracers in section C-M ,C-D and two tanks bottom heaters

which one tank is going only to be kept and another is preheating which steam consumption of all cases

have been calculated and they are defined.

A) Steam consumption of line C-K which its loss is 157,000 Btu/hr (75kg/hr )

B) Keeping of one: 1,000,000 Btu/hr

C) Preheating of one tank is 7,700,000 Btu/hr

D) Heat tracing of tank yard piping and pipes between point B and D 21,050 Btu/hr

total heat loss: 157,000+1,000,000+7,700,000+21,050 = 8,878,050 Btu/hr

⇒

m

line C-B

=

( ) [ ]

hr

kg

hr

lb

lb

Btu

hr

Btu

Q

HeatLoss

4353 9675

896 1185 1206

) (

· ·

+ −

d=8” (203mm inside diameter) => Velocity=4353(kg/hr) x 0.335(m3/kg)/[3.14*0.203

2

/4]( m

2

) or

Velocity=45078 m/hr = 12.5 m/sec

Re

d

= 354 * W(kg/hr) / (d*μ) [7]

Where d and μ are pipe diameter(mm) and absolute viscosity(centipoises) respectively that d=203mm

and μ=0.016 centipoises [7]

So Re

d

= 474,435 so f(friction factor)=0.016 [7]

Calculating pressure drop of 100 meter of pipe via formula [7] :

steam

d

fW

P

ρ

5

2

100

62530 · ∆

where ρ

steam

= 1/(s.v)=2.985 kg/m

3

VENDOR:

KHERAD WATER TREATMENT CO.

MAPNA

CO.

(PRIVATE JOINT STOCK)

IRAN POWER PLANT PROJECT MANACEMENT CO.

DOCUMENT NO.:

MP-SVG-20ME-08-SB3-001

Rev:

A

PROJECT:

SHIRVAN GAS TURBIN POWER PLANT

ORIG. NO.: REV.

A

CONTRACT

NO.:

FILE NO.:

STEAM &

CONDENSATE DESIGN

PAGE:

19 of 22

MINISTRY OF ENERGY

IRAN POWER DEVELOPMENT COMPANY

I.P.D.C

PROJECT:

PROJECT : SHIRVAN 6×159 M.W. GAS TURBINE POWER PLANT

so pascal P 018 . 0

985 . 2 * 203

4353 * 016 . 0

62530

5

2

100

· · ∆

as length of line B-C is 45 meters and with consideration 20% additional length for fittings and valves

so pressure drop along with line B-C will be :

0.018 * 45*1.2/100=0.01 pascal

Line A-B :

This line supplies the steam for all of gasoil systems included tanks and heat tracers. As it is shown in

the previous sections the pressure drop of lines is too low so only heat loss of line B-H and B-F is

calculated.

A) Steam consumption of line C-M and C-D and tanks heaters which its loss is 8,878,050 Btu/hr

(4353kg/hr )

B) Steam consumption of lines located between points B-F and F-J which their lengths are as follow:

12

"

:110 meters,(7.3 watt/ft heat loss ) => 2634 watt (9,100 Btu/hr)

10

"

:135 meters,(6.3 watt/ft heat loss) => 2790 watt (9,600 Btu/hr)

8

"

: 135 meters,(5.2 watt/ft heat loss)=> 2300 watt (7,950 Btu/hr)

total heat loss: 8,878,050+9,100+9,600+7,950 = 8,904,700 Btu/hr

⇒

m

line A-B

=

( ) [ ]

hr

kg

hr

lb

lb

Btu

hr

Btu

Q

HeatLoss

4370 9705

896 1185 1206

) (

· ·

+ −

d=8” (203mm inside diameter) => Velocity=4370(kg/hr) x 0.335(m3/kg)/[3.14*0.203

2

/4]( m

2

) or

Velocity=45255 m/hr = 12.6 m/sec

Re

d

= 354 * W(kg/hr) / (d*μ) [7]

Where d and μ are pipe diameter(mm) and absolute viscosity(centipoises) respectively that d=203mm

and μ=0.016 centipoises [7]

VENDOR:

KHERAD WATER TREATMENT CO.

MAPNA

CO.

(PRIVATE JOINT STOCK)

IRAN POWER PLANT PROJECT MANACEMENT CO.

DOCUMENT NO.:

MP-SVG-20ME-08-SB3-001

Rev:

A

PROJECT:

SHIRVAN GAS TURBIN POWER PLANT

ORIG. NO.: REV.

A

CONTRACT

NO.:

FILE NO.:

STEAM &

CONDENSATE DESIGN

PAGE:

20 of 22

MINISTRY OF ENERGY

IRAN POWER DEVELOPMENT COMPANY

I.P.D.C

PROJECT:

PROJECT : SHIRVAN 6×159 M.W. GAS TURBINE POWER PLANT

So Re

d

= 476,286 so f(friction factor)=0.016 [7]

Calculating pressure drop of 100 meter of pipe via formula [7] :

steam

d

fW

P

ρ

5

2

100

62530 · ∆

where ρ

steam

= 1/(s.v)=2.985 kg/m

3

so pascal P 019 . 0

985 . 2 * 203

4370 * 016 . 0

62530

5

2

100

· · ∆

as length of line A-B is 30 meters and with consideration 20% additional length for fittings and valves

so pressure drop along with line A-B will be :

0.019 * 30*1.2/100=0.006 pascal

As it is seen all the pipe sizes for steam lines are sufficient and they are in safe side fluid velocity,

maximum pressure drop is occurs in line A-B-D which it’s amount is (0.15 + 0.01 + 0.006 = 0.166 )

pascal which is negligible so there is sufficient steam pressure to carry out the condensate through

pipes, as an example through line M-L there is only 150 lb/hr which size 1 1/4” is sufficient for this

purpose[8].

As the maximum flow rate occurs through line C-D an D-B-A so calculation is done only for this case.

Point the finger that heat loss and flow rate for line C-D in the worst condition is 8400 lb/hr and by

using the condensate lines sizing table [8] via interpolation it is seen that pipe size 2 ½” can carry out

9750 lb/hr flow rate of condense with pressure drop 1 psi per 100 ft of pipe. The length of piping

between points C and D is 82 meters so pressure drop of this line will be [82 / 0.3048 / 100 x 1 = 2.7 psi

] that is too low to hold up the flow.

As it is calculated in the pages before , in the worst condition maximum flow rate through the line

D-B-A is 9500 lb/hr and as it is said before pipe size 2 ½” can carry out 9750 lb/hr flow rate of

condense with pressure drop 1 psi per 100 ft of pipe[8]. The length of piping between points D and A is

68 meters so pressure drop of this line is maximum [68 / 0.3048 / 100 x 1 = 2.2 psi ]. So total pressure

drop of condensate line will be 2.7 + 2.2 = 4.9 psi (as it is calculated pressure drop of steam is too low to

enter the total pressure drop) which this amount is negligible too.

VENDOR:

KHERAD WATER TREATMENT CO.

MAPNA

CO.

(PRIVATE JOINT STOCK)

IRAN POWER PLANT PROJECT MANACEMENT CO.

DOCUMENT NO.:

MP-SVG-20ME-08-SB3-001

Rev:

A

PROJECT:

SHIRVAN GAS TURBIN POWER PLANT

ORIG. NO.: REV.

A

CONTRACT

NO.:

FILE NO.:

STEAM &

CONDENSATE DESIGN

PAGE:

21 of 22

MINISTRY OF ENERGY

IRAN POWER DEVELOPMENT COMPANY

I.P.D.C

PROJECT:

PROJECT : SHIRVAN 6×159 M.W. GAS TURBINE POWER PLANT

VENDOR:

KHERAD WATER TREATMENT CO.

MAPNA

CO.

(PRIVATE JOINT STOCK)

IRAN POWER PLANT PROJECT MANACEMENT CO.

DOCUMENT NO.:

MP-SVG-20ME-08-SB3-001

Rev:

A

PROJECT:

SHIRVAN GAS TURBIN POWER PLANT

ORIG. NO.: REV.

A

CONTRACT

NO.:

FILE NO.:

STEAM &

CONDENSATE DESIGN

PAGE:

22 of 22

- Support Mto Reva Fc
- MPSVG-22ME-06-SG0-005-REV-0
- MP-SVG-22ME-13-RV6-001-0 (Dea Structure) (PKM-P05-DM-180-0)
- MP-SVG-22ME-13-RV3-004-0 (Fuel oil) (PKM-P05-DM-172-0)
- MPSVG-20ME-04-SB3-001-B
- MP-SVG-22ME-13-RV3-002-0 (dea dwg) (PKM-P05-DM-170-0)
- MP-SVG-18ME-10-FGA-002-0
- MPSVG-22ME-13-RV6-001-0 (Dea Structure) (PKM-P05-DM-180-0)
- MPSVG-22ME-13-RV3-003-0 (Bowdown) (PKM-P05-DM-171-0)
- MPSVG-18ME-11-FG0-001-REV-0
- MPSVG-18ME-10-FGA-003
- MPSVG-18ME-10-FGA-002-0
- MPSVG-18ME-10-FGA-001
- MPSVG-22IE-04-SB0-001
- MPSVG-19IE-04-FI3-001-B
- MPSVG-18IE-28-FG3-001-REV-B
- MPSVG-18IE-04-FQ3-001-REV-B

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