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Training in Switchgears, Circuit breakers and Transformers

1. Modern switchgear and protection coordination in MV and HV systems Examining switchgear components and challenges affecting us today Complying strictly with switchgear standards and legislation Reviewing the factors affecting the selection of switchgears for your operations Analysing the rating requirements for switchgear selection: - Load current - Interrupting current - Withstand - Fault-carrying capability Examining the nature of short circuit currents and the effect of rotating machines on the short circuit current. This is complimented by a description of the setting of protection relays - Coordination procedure - Relay settings - Types of faults - Nature of short circuit currents - Symmetrical & asymmetrical currents - Effect of rotating machines - Selection of relays - ANSI and BS 142 curves Practical Exercise: Ensuring environmental friendliness This practical exercise will allow participants the opportunity to an in-depth discussion based on trends and technology to improve their procedures, equipment and designs that are environmentally friendly. The aim of the exercise is to establish processes for enhanced environmental friendliness. 2. Analysing the impact of system components: Transformers and cables Developing an understanding of transformer classification Recognising the fundamentals of transformer construction Preparing vector and connection diagrams to understand and direct maintenance action Safeguarding your systems operations through stability and security of transformers and its use in electrical energy transfer Detecting problems in your current cooling techniques and overcoming the challenges Exploring new insulation materials available Choosing cooling equipment based on the transformer power rating Classifying your available cooling equipment to ensure optimal transformer cooling in respect to: - Natural - Forced air - Oil flow Exploring the types of cables and voltage to be used for optimum results: - PILC - XLPE - PVC Practical Exercise: Reviewing auxiliary equipment Participants should have an opportunity to brainstorm and discuss the role of auxiliary equipment essential to the successful operation of transformers. The discussion will be based on fans, gas relays, pumps and tap changer controls. The aim of the practical session is to allow participants to gain a deeper insight and supplement their discussion with additional information from your course facilitator

3. Embarking on the implementation of safety considerations and procedures Ensuring compliance to electrical safety standards and regulations stipulated Differentiating between old and new equipment in preventing accidents Identifying possible existing electrical hazards and taking proactive measures Ensuring sound risk assessments and audits to promote safety Benchmarking decisions based on effective fault studies Step and touch potentials Controlling internal arc hazards in switchgear Lightning protection 4. Evaluating effective and efficient techniques for monitoring and diagnostic testing Focusing on the purpose and application of switchgear and transformer maintenance Understanding the core components of inspection methodologies Communicating different testing techniques and procedures - Type tests - Routine tests - Special tests Highlighting advances and latest technology in diagnostic tools for test and audit processes Examining various complex field tests available - Oil screen testing - Moisture in oil testing - Gas in oil testing - Electrical testing - Thermography . 5. Modern maintenance principles: Challenging traditional approaches Maintenance of electrical equipment is usually considered a low priority by most management teams, who defer or ignore it until a failure occurs. The benefits of proactive maintenance programs together with the related problems of risk are briefly discussed showing the differences to low voltage switchgear which are mainly intended to be maintenance free devices. This session will cover: The purpose of maintenance and its evolution Reliability, availability and maintainability principles Testing paradigms 6. Designing a successful electrical maintenance programme Gaining insight into developing your maintenance programme and improving the existing plan Examining systems analysis as the initial step in establishing a maintenance plan Exploring systems parameters under normal and faulted conditions - Short circuits - Circuit breaker duty - Load flow - Motor starting and other dynamic conditions Selecting a type of maintenance strategy to base the maintenance programme on, by reviewing your own organisational maintenance needs in respect to production and equipment

Practical exercise: Data modelling and database design Participants should have an opportunity to discuss the management decisions that must be made in the operations and maintenance environment, and the information that is relevant to those decisions. The possible structures and implementation of databases that can assist with those decisions will be explored by the group. 7. Implementing and refining an electrical maintenance programme and ensuring successful execution Communicating to the team involved to capture the importance of effective maintenance and ensuring it is not a once-off routine Understanding some elementary change management principles The importance of systematic and thorough recruitment, skills development and performance management The value of well managed data, and the role of internal audits Failure investigations and maintenance programme refinements Case study: Switchgear failure investigation 8. Facilitating efforts to eliminate life-limiting factors Aging of switchgear and circuit breakers Overloading and other life limiting factors for transformers Pinpointing end of life indicators for switchgear and circuit breakers Life extension and asset replacement decisions lease write in BLOCK LETTERS