Video Conferening Server

Conferencing ±._.· ¸ ¸.. ¬÷+ Communicate ¸..+..¨._ Computer
Science ¬¸ VoIP ( Voice Over IP ) ..¨¸. H-323 Protocol ..._ Telecommunication
-+- SIP (Session Initiation Protocol) +..._ VIOP ._ Complex ¸.._ Binary ¸.
Tramsmit ¸. ¸-..¸¸.¸.¸_ Bandwidth (Less Overhead ).¸¸·..¸_.._ SIP
._Simply ¸.._ Plain Text ¸. Transmit ._ Bandwidth ¸More Overhead)
.¸¸·...·...·_. ..¬.¸¬.-Telecom; -+- BW _·¸..¸.-·.¸.
-+..·....¸¸¸..._
H-323 Protocol ._ NAT ( Network Address Translator ) . .++_ Gatekeeper
Software -..¸..¸.. .±·_¸..·_. Solution ..+·. Firewall ._.
¬±..¸¸..--.¸. Dedicated Router ....· .+·..¸._ Video Conferercing
Server ...+ NAT Router .-.... Data packet ¬ header .¸ Source IP ¬
Port . Destination IP ¬ Port +.· NAT ..±·¸+..·_. H-323 Protocol ._ Data
packet ¬ Data ¬.¸ IP +...±..¸. ¬±..¸¸..¸..._
VoIP Infrastructure
¸, Multiconferencing Unit (MCU) Server Site
¸¸, Gatekeeper (GK)
¸¸, OpemPhone End Point (Client)
Netmeeting
ATA Box
VoIP Phone

Multi Conferencing Unit (MCU)
End Point .·.. ·..· Audio / Video .·.+ MCU Cerver . +.¸. ¸ ¬·.
Mix ¸. Transmit ¸..¸..._ Mixer ..-·¸..¸. Buffer ..±·¸+..¸..¸..._
Srever Monitor . Display _.¸.. Port 1720 -..-_.+.·¬..¸¸.¸. MCU -÷·.
..·.+._ Client ¬¸.. ..±· ¸+.









Transmit




Gate Keeper
Gatekeeper ._ IP . Telephone ¬·. ¬¸¸¬¸ Mapping ..._
IP ................. Phone No
192.168.0.1 555334
192.168.0.2 555335
¬+._ GK Down .·. IP ..-±+_¸._
Gateway
Network ¬-.. Phone No .·. ¬..¸¸+ Gatekeeper . .±·¸+..._¸..¸.
Network ¸.¬¸.·. Phone ¬.-.·....+ Gateway .¸-..+._¸..._ ¸..
-± PSTN(Public Service Telephone Network) . Call -..._¸..._


Open Source (Software)
Open H. 323 (http://www.openh323.Org)
L. Open Phone..(Client)
L. Open MCU Server Site
GNUGK
Standards/ Protocol
RTP - Real Time Transport Protocol
RTP - For Audio and video Conferencing
RTSP - Real Time Streaming Protocol
SIP - Session Initiation protocol

A/V(1 A/V(2
A/V(3
A/V(4 A/V(5
5
Transm
E.P
MCU
1
2
1
2
Video Codec
H.261 - Video Codec for audiovisual services at p X 64 Kbps
H.263 - Multimedia communications over non-guarenteed QOS LAN.
QOS - (Quality of Services) BW + .¸.-+ Uncontrol ÷·...· LAN.

Data Conferencing
T.120 - Real Time Data Protocol for Autographic

Audio Codec
G.711 (ulaw, alaw) - Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) – 3.1Khz (64 Kbps +..._ )
G.723 - Audio Code 5.3 and 6.3 Kbps (BW _+-_...._,
Client
Open Phone Software . Open Phone .exe file ¬·. Run ¸._ ÷.¸·+ Open phone
Program Window -+·._
Option Menu . Video Option .¸¸. Receive Size -¸
o Small (QCIF) (176x144)
o Large (CIF) (352x288)
o Auto Receive .·.. Click Box .·.¬·. Enable ..¸._
Transmit Size -¸
o Disabled ¬·. Uncheck ¸._
o Small (QCIF) .
o Lange (CIF) ¬·...¬..¸¸._+.¸...¸._.+¬ VGA /Memory / CPU .¨
.-_._. Small ..¬.._¸.._
- Device - Microsoft WDM Image Capture -.¸...¸._
- Format - Auto / PAL / NTSC / SECAM ...¸._¸¬¸- Auot -.¸...¸._
- Sounce - Any, A ,B , C ¸._¸ ¬¸- Any -.¸.¸._
- Check Box ..._.-._¸Local / Video / Flip Local ...¬.. Unable .._. Flip Remote ¬..
Disable ..¸._...¸.- OK ..
Audio Device Option -¸
Reconding ¬.. ..¬.._¸._ Audio Device .¸.¸._Sound Buffers ¬.. 3 -±..
.._
Audio Code option -¸
Codec Selection : Drop Drown List -..¬.._¸... Protocol ¬.. Enable ..¸._
¬±.._. G-711 -Ulaw , G-711 – alaw -..¸._
Silence Detection Check Box ¬.. Enable .¸...¸._
Server -
Gate Keeper ¬..¬.._¸
Option ---- Menu --- General Option ¸ Aliases : No .._. Add ¬¸._
--- Auto – Answer Check Box ¬.. Enable ..¸._
--- DTMF . as .H.245 .String option Box ¬.. Enable ..¸._
Call Intrusion protection Level -¸ Low . Med . High . Full .option Box .... Full -
.¸.¸._
Option Menu ----------Gate Keeper Option -¸ User Gate Keeper Check Box ¬.. Enable
..¸._ ±.¸.- Static Host Option Box ¬.. .¸..._. KG ..-±..... IP ¬..
±_.. ±..¸._..¨.- Make Call Button ¬.. . Make Call Dialog
Box .¨.._±¬. Address : Drop Drow List - Point to Point ..¨.-
..¨... IP/No ...±_..¸._ Multiconferencing ..-- MCU :KG
..±..... IP / NO -±_.. ..¨.¸._±¬.¸- Anfenencing
¸¸_._.-._ ¬_...----..¸ ._....- Transfer Button
-.Transfer Box ¸ Address .¸¸.- ._..... --¬ IP / NO
±_.._. OK ..¸._ Transfer ..±.....--- Open Phone ¬.. Run ±..¸
._
Server
IP .....¸.- ¸Phone No ) ... open NCU ¬.. Run ¸._
Command Line _. Run ¸._
Start------Run-----cmd
c:\> cd Open mcu
c:\> Open mcu > Opem mcu exe.---Enter
Client .... Room ¬-..¸.-- GK ¬.._.¸-_. Mcu Server IP _. .¸.-..¨.¸
._ KG ¬.._¸_..-.-
KG Start ----- Run ----- Cmd
c:\> Cd Gnugk -----Enter
c:\> Gnugk >cd bin ----enter
c:\> Gnugk >bin> Gnugksvc.exe- install – Mon – n Local Host – e 7000 –x cdr. log- y Msg
.Log – z Gnugk .exe -g ( - c , Gnugk . ini ) -----enter
GNU Gate keeper 2.0.7 (open H322 KG ) Run .__.-._
MCU ...¸.-
c:\> cd Open mcu ---- enter
c:\> Open ncu> Open mcu .exe –U 1111 –g 192.16.1.6 –V – Video Large --- enter
Mcu Server Ran .__.-._
OPen H323 Gate Keeper Java GUI ¬.. Ran -
Start --- Run --- http : // Local host / gkgui /gkgui / html----ok .
IE(Internet Explorer ) Browser _. Open H323 Gate Keeper GUI Home Pge --.._
Connect to GK Bottom - Click - Room ¬-.¸ .-.-.¸... --...¬.. GUI
_..-¸_.¸.__.-._
GKGUI ¬.. Run - Web Server --.-..¸._ GK MCU ... Run ¸.- Path
.-.-¸¸ ¬-- c: .¬.-- --¸-±_..±..¸.__.-_. GK GUI ¬.. Apache
.¬.-¸ ht: Doc Folder ¬-..¸ Gkgui , Phpgnugk Folder ...¬..±_¸..¸._ Gkgui
Run .¸¸¸ --¬-. Java ±_..±..¸._
MCU , GK , ... Confugiation _¸.¸¸¸ Read Me. txt. File ...-..¸._
GNU Gate keeper - Mode (3) .¸...-.¸._
Direct Signalling Mode
- Only Ras Channel between endpoint and the gate keeper .
- Signalling directly between end point .
- Very Good Scalability .
- Lack of precise call control.
Gate Keeper Router Signalling
- Signalling channel is Routedthrougth the gate Keeper.
- Precise call control cauthori.
- Additional Services like call transfer .
- Good balance between performan and hexibility .
Full Proxy Mode
- All data ( RTP audio , RTP Video , T-120 data ) ing routed thought the gate
keeper.
- No direct Communication between end points.
- High CPU /banduiclth coms unption.
- designed to allow fire wall / NAT traversal .
GNU Gate keeper Mode ... Setups _¸_..
- Gnugk Program folder ¬.. c:/> .¬.-.¸±_..
- Unfigation _¸¸._ File ._ Gnugk .¬.-¸ etc folder - Sample file c .icon
...¸_. ....... Mode ¬ Initial file ¬.. .¸...¸._
Direct signaling Mode ¬.._¸- etc ¸ Gnugk ini file ¬.. copy -.._¸.
(default) ..¸._
Gate keeper routed singalling mode ¬.._¸- ini file - copy -._ ¸.
Full Proxy mode ¬.._¸- etc ¸ proxy inii file ¬.. copy -._ Gnugk folder
±- paste ¸._ Proxy –ini - unfiguration _¸¸.- Proxy function .¬.-¸
Internal Network = (Sample IP) ¬....¬.._¸-¸... Network IP _. _.
.._. Run ¸._


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