Vertical Forces (Gravity/Other) and Incidental Lateral Component of the Structural Engineering BREADTH Exam Specifications

Effective Beginning with the April 2011 Examinations

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The 4-hour Vertical Forces (Gravity/Other) and Incidental Lateral breadth examination is offered on Friday morning and focuses on gravity loads. It contains 40 multiple-choice questions. The exam uses the US Customary System (USCS) of units. The exam is developed with questions that will require a variety of approaches and methodologies, including design, analysis, and application. The knowledge areas specified as examples of kinds of knowledge are not exclusive or exhaustive categories. Score results are combined with depth exam results for final score of this component.
Approximate Percentage of Examination


Analysis of Structures A. Loads 1. Dead 2. Live 3. Snow, including drifting 4. Moving (e.g., vehicular, pedestrian, crane) 5. Thermal 6. Shrinkage and creep 7. Impact (e.g., vehicular, crane, and elevator) 8. Settlement 9. Ponding 10. Fluid 11. Ice 12. Static earth pressure 13. Hydrostatic 14. Hydraulics (e.g., stream flow, wave action, scour, flood) B. Methods 1. Statics (e.g., determinate, location of forces and moments, free-body diagrams) 2. Shear and moment diagrams 3. Code coefficients and tables 4. Computer-generated structural analysis techniques (e.g., modeling, interpreting, and verifying results) 5. Simplified analysis methods (e.g., influence lines, portal frame method/cantilever method) 6. Indeterminate analysis methods (e.g., deflection compatibility)

30% 10%


Load combinations 3. beams. Connections—bolted 11. Trusses 8. Design for shear 3. Bridge piers 16. Design and Details of Structures A. bridge decks. Columns and compression members 3. General Structural Considerations 1. Strengthening existing systems: reinforcing methods C. masonry support angle. Plate girders—straight 6. Connections 3.g. Beam-columns 9. Corrosion B. joists.5% 2. Pre-tensioned concrete 6..5% 12. Post-tensioned concrete 2 65% 7. Weld design 13. Bridge cross-frame diaphragms D. Moment connections 12.g. Connections—welded 10.II. Serviceability requirements (a) Deflection (b) Camber (c) Vibration 4. Tension members 2. Composite steel design 14. quality controls and coordination with other disciplines 2. facade support angle) 15.5% 12. Concrete 1. Structural Systems Integration 1.. Constructability 3. Construction sequencing 4. Flexural members (e. Beams 5. Light Gage/Cold-Formed Steel 1. Plate girders—curved 7. Base plates 4. Structural Steel 1. Specifications.5% 2. Bearings 6. Columns and compression members 4. and slabs) 2. Expansion joints 7. Relief angle (e.5% . Two-way slab systems 5. Framing 2. Web crippling E. Material properties and standards 2. Fatigue (for AASHTO concrete and steel) 5.

Bridge piers 9.. nailed. boring logs.7. sliding and bearing 4. and groundwater table) 3. Foundations and Retaining Structures 1.5% 10% 5% 3 . and screwed connections G. Slab-on-grade F. Selection of foundation systems (e.. Basement walls for buildings 11. masonry openings) H. Bearing walls 4. Composite design 11. steel.. attachment plates. crack control. Detailing (e. timber) 6. Construction Administration A. Wood 1. active. Combined footings/mat foundations 5. Drilled shafts/drilled piers/caissons 7. bearing.g. based on geotechnical information. cohesion) 2. Bearing walls 6. Trusses 7. Cantilever walls 10.g. Flexural members 2. Inspection Methods 10% 7. Anchored walls 9. passive. Gravity walls 8. Compression members 3. Procedures for Mitigating Nonconforming Work B. Glue-laminated beams 3. coefficient of friction. Columns 5. inserts..g. deflection. Masonry 1. Crack control 10. Engineered lumber 4. at rest. Piles (concrete. Use of design pressure coefficients (e. settlement. Overturning.g. Sawn beams 2. Attachment of elements and anchorage to concrete (e. Effect of adjacent loads 12. Bolted. dowels) 8. Use of modulus of sub-grade reaction III.

Chicago. Detroit. American Forest & Paper Association.. American Concrete Institute. Design Values for Wood Construction. MI. 5th edition. PCI Design Handbook: Precast and Prestressed Concrete. The Masonry Society. Reston. VA. American Forest & Paper Association. Inc. VA. Effective Beginning with the April 2012 Examinations Revised April 16. VA. Farmington Hills. National Design Specification for Wood Construction ASD/LRFD.. . Inc. Washington. IL. Seismic Design Manual. Falls Church. International Building Code. IBC ASCE 7 ACI 318 AISC AISC AISI NDS NDS PCI TMS 402/602-082 Notes 1. 6th edition. 2005 edition. American Society of Civil Engineers. Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute. 2008. Solutions to exam questions that reference a standard of practice are scored based on this list. North American Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members. 2nd printing (October 2006) or 3rd printing (March 2008). 2009 edition (without supplements). Special Design Provisions for Wind and Seismic with Commentary. The 2010 interim is not required. Washington.3. Chicago. All questions use the US Customary System (USCS) of units. 2008 edition. Solutions based on other editions or standards will not receive credit. 2004. Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete. American Institute of Steel Construction. Reston. Boulder. IL. 2005. 2012* ABBREVIATION AASHTO DESIGN STANDARD TITLE AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications. American Association of State Highway & Transportation Officials. 2008. DC. MI. except strength design Section 3. American Concrete Institute. DC. American Iron and Steel Institute. Examinees will use only the Allowable Stress Design (ASD) method. 2007 edition. Chicago. Washington. CO. and Structural Engineering Institute of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Washington.5 may be used for tall slender walls with out-of-plane loads from wind and seismic. 2010. DC. 13th edition.STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING Design Standards1 These standards apply to the Vertical and Lateral components of the Structural Engineering exam. American Institute of Steel Construction. IL. Building Code Requirements and Specifications for Masonry Structures (and related commentaries). Steel Construction Manual. 2005 edition & National Design Specification Supplement. Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures. DC. International Code Council. *2.

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