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1, Read the text about Jewsh history Anne FranK hid because Nazis arrested Jews.

We are going to learn some facts about Jews and Jewish history Main Events in Jewish history (according to Jews) In the beginning... God created the universe. Then God created the human being. Ten generations later, people acted violently. God decided to destroy the world through a flood. God saved Noah and his family. Noah built an ark. Ten generations later, Abraham recognised one God and he and his wife, Sarah, taught all about God. Theytravelled from the Persian Gulf to the Land of Israel. God promised the Land of Israel to Abraham and his descendants. In and out of Egypt There wasnt food in the Land of Israel. Pharaoh, the king, was cruel to the Children of Israel (the name of the descendants of Jacob, Josephs son). After years of slavery, Moses, took the Children of Israel out of Egypt. Pharaoh agreed to let them leave after 10 plagues. The people of Israel went to Mount Sinai. There, God appeared and gave them His Teaching for life, the Torah. He also gave them a 10-part summary of the Torah, the Ten Commandments. The Children of Israel spent 40 years in the desert and they lived on a special food called manna, made to them every morning by a miracle. The manna was not available on Shabbat(Saturday). Just before they entered the Land of Israel, Moses died.

In the Land of Israel

Two of the kings of Israel were King David and King Solomon. King Solomon built a Temple (Beit HaMikdash) in Jerusalem. After King Solomon, there were two kingdoms: the northern kingdom (10 tribes) and the southern kingdom (2 tribes). The Assyrians attacked the northern kingdom. There were 10 tribes called the 10 lost tribes. About 120 years later the Babylonians defeated the southern kingdom. In 586 B.C.E. The majority of the southern kingdom were of the tribe of Judah, they became Jews. Most of the Jews exiled to Babylon (modern day Iraq). The Torah and the Talmud Originally God gave the Torah to the Children of Israel through Moses on Mount Sinai. Moses taught the written Torah to the people, Moses passed on the oral explanation to Joshua, his successor. When the exile to Babylon took place, the oral explanation began to be recorded. This recording was called the Midrash, which means to explain. The Jews returned to Eretz Yisrael. Two centres of Torah study developed: one in Israel and other in Babylon. They learned in the yeshiva. Discussion of the Mishna took place and this discussion was recorded in the Talmud. Purim, Chanukah and Tisha BAv About 100 years later in Israel a small group of Jews led by Matityahu (Mattathius) and his son rebelled against Greece. They found a small bottle of sacred oil to light the Menorah which burned for eight (8) days. The rabbis made a special festival called Chanukah. After the Greeks, the Romans forced the Jews to leave their religion and destroyed the Temple in Jerusalem. Most of the Jews exiled to various parts of the Roman Empire. For the Jews in Israel, life became very difficult.

From that time until the middle of the 20th Century, Jews did not control Israel. After the Romans, the Muslims took control and finally, at the beginning of the 20th Century, the British captured Israel from the Turkish Muslims. Life in the Diaspora (outside Israel) From the time of the destruction of the second Temple, Jews lived in the Diaspora (countries outside Israel). After Christianity became the main religion in Europe, the Jews were often persecuted because they were of a different religion. After Europeans settled in America, Africa and Australia, Jewish people settled in those parts of the world, too. The greatest tragedy occurred to Jewish people was the Holocaust in Europe. The Nazis planned to kill all the Jews. During the Second World War (1939-1945) six million Jews died. Many died in concentration camps such as Auschwitz. Jews rule Israel again An independent Israel was re-established in 1948. David Ben-Gurion became the first Prime Minister of Israel, he announced the new Jewish State on 15 May 1948 (5 Iyar 5708). Many Jews returned to Israel from all over the world. There are now 4 million Jews in Israel.

2. Find 5 regular and 5 irregular verbs REGULAR 1. 2.

3. 4. 5. IRREGULAR 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 3. Find the meaning of the following words: 1. summary: 2. take control 3.kingdom