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TOY

TOY
" " ..
Pranitis 1939 .. Sanctuary.
"
, Leo .
Lehmann.
1939,
Sanctuary
1940 , "
II",
1941.
, 4
"Sedition"
,
II.
,
Sanctuary
1950 ,
. " "
1970. "
, "
1939

,
.

1972,

"

"
"
Sank-tuary "

Col. Sanctuary ,
.
" "
-

II,

.
James K. Warker

1985

TO

1892,
100 . ,
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. -
-
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Desktop Publishing: COMPUTERS I/O, . , . 031-200439


: , . , . 031-245021

REV. I. B. PRANAITIS

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,
, " ,

- . Pranaitis,
,
. .
,
Pranaitis, "
,
" .
Pranaitis " "" [1]

.

1934, " ;"
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" .

" ".

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- ,
" "


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.. Sanctuary

1. , . 87, -
- E.N.S.




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. FREEDMAN
V

GUIBBORY
VI

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,


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-11
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.
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TO "
LAMUD - , .

, Talmud,
,

.
, [3] .
,
" ,
Torah Schebiktab,
" , ,
Torah Scebeal Peh.

,
[4].

,
. 19b

3. Rabbi Levin in Berakhoth Fol 5a. Rabbi Iochanan in Megillah, F,

4. , . XXIV,12:
" , "
, , ,
,
" " " "
, "" , "
" Mischnah, " "
, " " Gemarah.
Berakhoth, Fol 5a

-14 -.
"

.
, "
, " "
,
.


, ,
.
, Jehuda,
,
,

,

,
.

Sepher
Mischnaioth Mischnah - ()
. ,
,
" .
To Mischnah
.

.
, -
- ,
.
,

Mischnah
,
Gemarah.
"
, Mischnah
"

-15Gemarah
, .
, Mischnah,
. ,


,
.
.
Mischnah
Gemarah.
Mischnah "
Jehuda,

,
"

Gemarah

Jochanan,

. 39
Mischnah, 230
..

Gemarah,
,

,
. Aschi 327 ..
" .
Maremar
427 .. Abina
500 .. Gemarah 36
.
Gemarah, Misc
hnah, :
,
, ,

.
Gemarah
Tosephoth. Chaia

Misch naioth. Uschaia

-16. Mischnah,
" ,
Baraietoth .

Piske Tosephoth,
.
"
,
"

.
-.
Tosephoth Ascher.
Perusch
Moische ben Maimon,
Rambam , Maimonides,
Schelomo, Jarchi Raschi.
, Mischnah, Gemarah, Tosephoth,
Ascher, Piske Tosephoth
Perusch Hamischnaioth Maimonides, "
, ,
.

,
, :
I. ZERAIM: .
, , , :
,
.
II. MOED: .
, ,
,
.
III. NASCHIM: .
,
, , ..

-17IV. : .
,
.
V. KODASCHIM: .
.
VII.
TOHORTH:

.

, - .
,
Schishah Sedarim - ,
, Massiktoth, Perakim.

I. ZERAIM. 11 Masechtoth.
1. BERAKHOTH. .
.
2. . .
,
"
.
3. DEMAI. .
" .
4. KILAIM. .
.
5. SCHEBHTH. .
.
6. TERUMOTH. .
.
7. MAASEROTH. ,
.
8. MAASER SCHENI. .
9. CHALLAH - ,
.
10. OPLAH. .

.
11. BIKKURIM:
.

-18II. MOED. Masechtoth.


1. SCMABBATH - .
.
2. ERUBHIN .
() .
3. PESACHIM - .

.
4. SCHEKALIM - Shekel .

.
5. - .
.
6. SUKKAH - .
.
7. BETSAH .

.
8. ROSCH HASCHANAH - .
.
9. .
.
10. MEGILLATH - .
.
Purim.
11. MOED KATON - .


Pesach
Succoth.
12. CHAGIGAH -
Pesach, Sukkoth
Tabernacles.
III. NASCHIM- Masechtoth.
1. JEBBAMOTH - .
.

-192. KETHUBOTH - .
.
3. KIDDUSCHIN - .
4. GITTIN .
5. NEDARIM - .
,
.
6. NAZIR - .


.
7. SOTAH - .

IV. . Masechtoth.
1. KAMA - .
, .
2. METSIA - .

, ,
, ,
.
3. BATHRA - .


.
.
4. SANHEDRIN - .

.
5. - .
( ) .
6. SCHEBUOTH - .
.
7. EDAIOTH - .


.
8. HORAIOTH - .

-20
.
9. ABHODAH ZARAH - . 10.
- .
. PIRKE
.

V.KODASCHIM Masechtoth.
1. ZEBBACHIM - . .
2. CHULIN - .

.
3. MENACHOTH - -.
-.
4. BEKHORTH - .

.
5. ERAKHIN - .

, .
6. TEMURAH - .

.
7. MEILAH , .

.
8. KERITHUTH - .


.
9. TAMID - .

.
10. MIDDOTH - .
.
11. - .
-

-21, ..

VI. TOHOROTH. 12 Masechtoth.


1. KELIM - .
,
.. .
2. OHOLTH - .

.
3. NEGAIM - .
.
4. PARAH - .


.
5. TOHOROTH - .

.
6. MIKVAOTH - .
"

.
7. NIDDAH - .

.
8. MAKSCHIRIN - .


.
9. -
.
.
10. TEBHUL - .
11. IADAIM - .
,
, .
12. OKETSIN - .

-22-

.
63 524 .
" ,
.
.
4 :
MASSEKHETH SOPHERIM -
.
. 21 .
EBHEL RABBETI -
. 14 . ALLAH -
, ,
.
.
MASSEKHETH DEREKH ERETS -
. RABBAH -
ZUTA - . 16
.
, PEREK SCHALOM -
.

,

.
, Isaac ben Jacob Alphassi,
1032, ,
Hala-khoth . ,
,

.
,
.

Maimonides,
" ". 1180,
Maimonides
Mischnah Torah - ,
ad Chazakah

-23. 14
. . Maimonides

. ,
. ,

.
1205.
" ,

""
.
Maimonides

""
.
1340, Jacob ben Ascher,
Maimonides,
"
, "
.
,
, Jacob ben
Ascher, Arbaa Turim - ,
:
I. ORACH CHAHM .
II. JORE DEAH - ,
.
III. CHOSCHEN HAMMISCHPAT -

IV. HAEZER - ,
.
Alphasi,
Maimonides Jacob ben Ascher
.



.

-24 Joseph Karo,


(1488-1577),
- Arbaa Turim,
Schulchan Aruth - "
". " ,

, " " Joseph Karo
. ,
Mosche Isserles
, Darkhe Mosche
- Mosche,
, Joseph Karo .
, " "
,
. (

.
). ,

.
. ,
, ,
. :
Babha Metsia, 33, : "

, ,
Mischnah ,
Ge-marah
".
Sopherim XV, 7, .13b: "
, Mischnah Gemarah ".
,
:

-25-

" ,

" "* (* . Erubhin,
21b).
Sanhedrin , 3, .88b:
"

".
, ,
.
Erubhim, .131b,
Hillel
Schamai, :
"
".
Mizbeach* (* . Joan Buxtorf, Recensio
operis Talmud, 225), V,
:
"
".

" * (* . Talmud Babli,
Berachoth, . Berlin, 1842, .8).









. 553 ..
"
.* (* .
Authe-rticae Constitutiones, Novella 146).
13
"

-26 9 4,



" (. Corp iuris can VII Dek-retal, lib V,
Tit IV, cap 1).
,
- III,
IV, IV, V, XIII, - VIII,
VII, XIV,
(Index)

Trent, .[*]
[* Index Expurgatorius
(1887) " XIII, "
" :
"
, ,
,
IV, ,

,
. ,
VIII,
1592 ..
,


. ,
,


. ,
"
".

1510
, , -

-27 Johannus
Pfefferkorn,
.

"Reuchlinian" Reuchlin,
,

,
, .
.
-, ,
Reuchlin
.
Dominus Hoogstra-ten, ,
.
1516
Reuchlin.
,
,
. , Reuchlin
,
.
[
,
: "
"] 16 ,
,
,
, .

.
, 12 ,

, " ,
1520*.
,
, .

-28 16 17,

, , ,

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1578
.
,
1631,


. ,


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,
,
.
" ,

,
. ,
1644-1648
" * ("
, .

.
).

haiah
() ,
.* (*
, Schul-chan Arukh,

*
Martin Luther , .
Em. Deitsch Quarterly Review, .1867,
" ;".

-291594 : " "


,
... ", .
, 1873 :
" ,
...
" .). " , ,
,
.
, gam attah, " ",
. " ", aphilu
bazzeman hazzeh, " ", .
" .* (* . Choschen ham. 338, 10 Jore
deah, 159, 1, .).


, ZOHAR.
,

, Joshua
,
.

" ZOHAR,
ZEHAR, .
,
, -
.

Schimeon ben Jochai, Akibha,
, ,
120
.. .
,

Rambam ( Mosche
ben Nachman), Ascher,

-30 1248 .., " ,



ZOHAR
13 .
,
,
.

.

,


. " "
:
BIAR , ,
. .
HALAKHOTH - HILKHTH -
.
, Maimonides, Beshai, Edels,, Moses
Kotzen, Kimchi .
HILKOTH AKUM
Maimonides.

.

HILKHTH
-LOTH
ASAVRTH.
IUCHASIN SEPHER IUCHASIN -
.
1500.
1580.
JALKUT -
, .
: Shimeon .
KED HAKKEMACH - " ".
, ,

-31 . : Bechai
.
MAGEN ABRAHAM - . : Perizola.
MIZBEACH - . , Schelomon ben Rabbi Mordechai ,
1602.
MACHZOR - .
.
MENORATH HAMMAOR - .
Aggadoth Medraschim, .

. : Isaac
Abhu-habh. 1544.
HAIESCHUAH - .
,
Isaac Abarbanel.
.
1551.
MIKRA GEDOLAH - .
Salomon Iarchi
Ezra.
MASCHMIA IESCHUAH - .

.
:

Abarbanel.
NIZZACHON .
. :
Lipman. 1559.
SEPHER IKKARIM -
.
.
ISRAEL - To .
2 -BETH JAKBH . . 1547.
SCHAARE ORAH - .
. : Ben
Joseph Gekatilia.
SCHEPHAA TAL - . -

-32 .
ZOHAR . :
Schephtel Horwitz .
TOLDOTH IESCHU - .
.

.

:
TALMUD. , 1644-48, 14
.
SCHULKHAN ARUKH,
Joseph Karo. , 1594. .
IORE DEAH. .
.
ZOHAR. , 1805. .
MIKRA GEDOLAH. , 1792,
, , 1620, .
.
HILKHOTH AKUM, Maimonides,
Vossius, 1675.
: JOANNES
BUXDORFIUS () Lexicon Chaldaicum, Talmundiceum
et Rabbinicum, , 1640. () De Abreviaturis
Hebraicis. Operis Talmudis Recensio. Bi-bliotheca
Rabbinica , 1712. () Synagoga Ju-daica,
, 1712.
JOH. CHRISTOPHORI WAGENSEILH, Sota. Aldtorfi
Noricorum, 1674.
GEORGH ELIEZ EDZARDI: Tractatus taclmudici
"AVODA SARA". , 1705.
JACOBI ECKER: "Der Judenspiegel im Lichte der
Wahrheit" (
). Paderborn, 1884.
AUGUST ROHLING: Die Polemik und das Manschenopfez das Rabbinismus (

-33 ). Paderborn, 1889.




,
. ("
,
" I.C. Wagens, Sota,
. 298).

,
,
, "
.





,
,

.




, ,
.
, "
", "", "
". 1 - 1.
Jeschua
Hanotsri - .
Nostrim, .
,
Nostrim - .
Jeschua "",

(.. Maiene ieschua, . 66b).
, Jeschua,

Immach SCHemo Vezikro -
, (. Abbrev Jeschua
. Duxtorf: "
Jeschua, Isschu,

-38. , ,
Ischu Jeschu Scheker ()
Utoebah ( ).
" ;
" .
,
,


-. , ,
,
" .

Elohe Nekhar - .
Elohe Nekhar; -
Grammatria
Elohe Nekhar 316,
Jeschu. Abhkath
Rokhel. ,
Elohe
Nekhar Jeschu.
! "
,

Alenu... ,

,

, . ,
hammischtacha-vim lehebhel varik umitpallelim lelo ioschia,
"
,
". ,
,
....")
2.
Otho Isch - " ", . -

-39 . Abhodah Zarah, 6a,


:
"

,
, .

".
3. Peloni "".
Chagigah, 4b, :
... ,
Schabbath." (104).
,
.
4. ,
Naggar bar Naggar -
"* (*. Abhodah Zarah, 50b),
Ben charsch etaim - " ".
5. , Talui "
". Samuel, Meir, Hilch.
Akum Maimonides,

,
.
Aben Ezra, "
(XXVII, 39) Talui,
/
. ... /,

".
II -

.
, Esau
, ,
-
. 1.

Kallah (lb,18b)

-40",
,
,

Eliezer

,
mamzer, Jehoschua

ben
niddah. Akibah,
.

,
Akibah
" .
,

:
" ,
" ,

."
Akibah
,
,
.
: " ,
;" : "

.

, "
".


.

, : " "

-41 Akibah,
!", :
" ,
Akibah,
").

Toldath Jeschu - "
" -
* (* . Synag. Jud.
VIII, . 133.).
Sanhe-drin,
67:
"
, * (",
,

)
. ;

, "

" ,
.
,
.
,

.
- , .

,
,

.

-42-

Stada Lud,
. Stada
Pandira, Choscher
Pandira * (*
Stada
, ) Stadas,
Paphus,
Jehuda. stada - ,
(
), Pumba-dita,
".
Stada, . , ,
Pumbadita,
.
*
Maimonides* (*. Sanhedrin, . VII ,
ebhammoth, ).
,
, Chagigah, 4b:
" Bibhai
( ),
: "
(. ).
,
.
:
"

. Peloni "
",
Schabbath" (. 104).
Schabbath,
:
Eliezer -

-43-

: " Stada

;" : "

. Stada
Pandira". ., Sanhedrin, 67.
Stada
Beth Jacobh, . 127, :
" , ,

,
. ,

,
,
"* (*
Toldath Jeschu,
, .
, . 12).
Buxtorf * (* . Lexicon Jud. in verbo
Jeschu)
"
Ben Stada, .




,


.
-,
Pandira. ,
* (*.
,

-44-

Abhodah Zarah, . II, Schabbath,


. XIV, Beth Jacobh, 127a) , :
Pandira. ,
* (* Lib. 4)
" ",
Panthera .
, Stada
,
Peloni " ",
.

;
. ,
.
.
",
. * (* . .
XXVII, 63)

, ,
,
* (*. Sanhedrin,
107b).
", "
",
,

" "

. Sanhedrin (43) :
"
".
",
,

,
"

* (*

-45. XXVI, 60-61) * (*.


XX, 5).
",
Stada

: -

Toldoth Jeschu.
", .
Stada
Paphus, Jehuda,
Akibah. Akibah,

, .

.
,
Stada
, .
" ".


" (*
. ,
Sepher Juchasin (9b): "


.
", Rohlng "Die Polemik
und das Men-schenopfer des Rabbinismus, ut supra). 2.
, " ,
,
Esau

-46 Esau"* (*Synag. Judaica, . 217. .


Lexicon in verbo Jeschu Buxtorf).
3. TON

Schabbath, 104b, : " [


], " [ -]:
"
!"
4.
Toldoth Jeschu,
:
", :

;
", , "
, . (Ps. II, 7)
:
,
* (* Ps. CX, 1). ,

a ,
. , , ,
* (*

). ,

(IHVH)

,
.
. ,"

.
,

, .

.
, -

-47-


, .

."

,
* (* Sota Wagenseil, . 1049).


* (* . ,
XXVIII). (IHVH)*,(*
.
Jehovah,
. Adonai
IHVH.
, ,
. " "
Haschem - .)
, . "
,
,
, " ,

. : " ,
.
,
, , " (*
Lexicon, Buxtorf). 5.
Sanhedrin (103)
XCI, 10 "
", :
" ,
a ,

* [* ( ) ], ".

-48-


,


. 6.

, Sanhedrin (107), : "


Mar : , ,
".
7.
,


).
8.
Zohar, III, (282),

" ...
, Esau [
] [ ],

"* (*
Synag. Judaica, (. I, . 75) : "
(.
)
,
de Repudiis (Gitt. c.5):
,
, ".


,
, ,
,

...)
9.

Avoda Sara, George El. Edzard
,
Maimonides, Hilkoth Akum (V, 3):

-49"

,

" .
Chizzuk Emunah* (* .
Wagens, Sota, . 69) , . 36,
:
[ XII, 10]
:


".

,
,
:
,
,
!"
Maimonides, Hilkoth Melakhim (IX, 4)*
(Ibidem, . 346),
: "
,
,
,
... , -
,

.
-

: , ( . XI, 35): " "
-

-50,
,
,

".



(. V.14): ..."

,
". ;

,
,


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,
"-


.

,
.

",

,

:

,


*
(*Sophon, III, 9).

-51 ;
,



.



.


.

- ,


." 10.

Abhodah Zarah (21 Toseph),


:
-


.
Tosephta:

[ ]
,
". " ,
, ,
.


-,
,
-
. -

-52-

,

,
,
,
-"

"".
Ascher
Abhodah Zarah (83d) :
",

" ,
." :
"
."

,
, ,
,
"" , .
.



.
,
.
,
. ,
:
1. Tsurath Haattalui -
* (*Aben Ezra , XXVII, 39).
2. Elil - , .
3. Tselem - . "
Tsalme
rim (ein Tsalmer).

-534. Scheti Veerebh ,


.
5. Kokhabh - ,
.
6. Pesila - , .
,

: Orach Chaiim, 113, 8:
"
, [Akum]
[] , ,


,
". ore
Dea, 150, 2:
"
"
",

"
. ,


!"
, ,
,
( ore Dea, 3, Hagah):
" -
-
,
, .
,

-54-


.
"
".


.
, .
ore Dea, 141, 1, Hagah, :

.
, " "
,

-.


" " " (hinc et
hinc)".* (*. Kad. Hakkem, 20a).

III - TOY


.
1.
Abhodah Zarah (6a) :
"




".
2.
, Abhodah Zar. (. 1, 17a, To
seph) .
(27b)

-55 :
"... ,
, 1".
,
.
3.
Nizzachon* (* . Wagens, Sota,
. 822)
:
"
:

."*
(*
,
. VI, 29). . VI, 27,
: " ,
" .

" , "


,
"
" .
5:39.

,
.
, ,
18:22, ,
,
,
" ;
,
23:3,

:

,
. ,
- :
, * .
-

-56 ,
,

-. ,
,
,
"
;"
,
,


" ,


.

.


, ,

*. (* . . Lippe, Der Talumdjude vor dem Katholischprotestantisch-orthodoxen Dreirichter-Kol-legium, . 16,
1884).

II

" :
1.
.
2.
.
3.
.


"
,
Notsrim, .


-: Abhodah Zarah, Akum, Obhde Elilim,
Minim, Nokhrim, Edom, Amme Haarest, Goim,
Apikorasim, Kuthrim.
1. Abhodah Zarah - , . To

: Obdhe Abhodah Zarah -
. Abhodah Zarah

o : " Nimrod
Abhodah Zarah".
-
-

-58
,
. Schabbath (ibid. 82)
:
Akibah :
Abhodah Zarah , ,
, ";
:
,
" " ".

. , Maimonides

Abhodah Zarah.
Perusch (78c) :
"

,
,
(Abhodah Zarah)".
2. Akum -
Obhde Kokhabkim U Mazzaloth
.

. , ,
Akum
Schulkham Arukh, .
:
Orach Chaiim (113,8),
Akum. ore Dea (148, 5, 12),

,
.
",
Akum, ,

", .
3. Obhde Elilim - .
Akum. "
. Orach Chaiim.

-59 (215, 5), :




".
Schulkham Arukh
(Akum),
" " "
. , ,
Schu ulkham Arukh ( Magen
Abraham), - Calissensis,
1775, . 8 No. 244 Orach
Chaiim (
Akum): "
-

"* (*. Ecker, Judensp.,
. 17).
4. Minim - .
,
. , Schabbath (11b) :
Meir
Minim Aven Gilaion [ ],
".
5. - . Aben Ezra,
/,
,
: ""
".
, Bechai Kad Hakkamach (. 20, , . LXVI, 17) :
"
" " (
). , Bechai
(loc. cit.), "
" :: "
-

-60". " , Kimchi


"". Abarbinel,
Maschima Jeschua (36d) : "
, ."
6. Goi - , . Goi
- - ,
Goiah. ,
, " * (* . XII, 2, XIX, 6 ,
4). -
.
*,
" . Goi (* . Abhodah Zarah, Hilkhoth
Akum Maimonides).
* (* . ..
, 1863) Goi

-.

, Goim.
.
,
* (* .
Israelite, No 48, 1891).
.
, Goscher Hammischpat (34, 22),
Goim :
"
Goim."
7. Nokhrim - , .
-,
.
8. Amme Haarets - , .
* (* . Franz Delitzsch, Schachmatt des Blutluhnern, 1883, . 41)
"
, .

. ,

-61 , . , 2, : "
,
[nokhrioth] ".
" "
Zohar, I, 25a: " Obhde Abhodah Zarah, * . (
Buxtorf (Lexicon, . 1626)
Amme Haarets "",
Delitzsch).
9. Basar Vedam - . ,

.
" ",
:
"
, :
! ,
,
" .
,

, ,

" ",
, ""*
(* . Synag. Jud. C.XII, sel. 257 263).
20. Apikorosim .
,
,
" * (*
, 1892,
Hatseflrah,

).
, , .
11. Kuthim .
,
, -

-62 ;
, "
- ,


, . ,
Abhodah Zarah (25b) Got,
Schulkham Arukh (Iore Dea 153, 2) Akum.
Kerithuth (6b) Goim,
Jebhammoth (61) Akum, Abhodah , (2)
Obhde Elilim, Thoseph Goim Obhde
Ab, Choscher Ham
Kuthi, Akum.
.
Maimonides,
: Goim,
Akum, Obhde Kokhabhim, Obdhe Elilim, .
II


,
. " ,

. ,

. ,
, , ,
, , ,
, ,
, , , , ,
.
,
,

"
.

1.

-63 , ,
,

,

.

,
Maimonides,
* (*
Vide Infra, . II, . 42).
"
", "",
"-" .,

.

"", .
2.

Maimonides Hilhoth Maakhaloth (. IX) : "



*, . .

.

,
.
-
,
[]. ,
- ,

.
"
. -
,

-64". (*
: Gere
Tsedekh, ,

,
,

. Gere
Toschabh, ,
, ,
,

, : (1)
, (2) ,
(3)- , (4)
, (5) , (6)
, (7)
. (Vide, Sanhed, 56a.)
3.
Abhodah Zarah (22) :

Akum []
".
ore Dea (153,2):
"

Akum []
".
Abhodah Zarah (256) :
" : Goi

,
(*
-
,

).
Israel, Jochanan,
Beruka, :
,
* ("

-65
-,
,

). Goi
,
" (*

-, ,

).
,

Goi , ,
- ,
Goi .
,
,
, ,
Esau: Seir (
XXXIII, 14-17), :
Sukoth".
Orach Chaiim (20,2) :
"
(Talith) Akum
.

.

"".
4.
Abhodah Zarah (15b) :
"

, -
.
,
-

-66 ,
.
,
,


,
, !
,
(22),

,

;
"
Goim,

.
Goim
".
22

:
*...

,
,
. ,

,


".

Goi,
. 5.

-67 Goim : ,
, , - (
) . Schabbath (1456)
:
" Goim ;

". Abhodah Zarah, 226:
" Goim ;
.
, .
"
. Goim, ,
, ". 6.

"
Kaddisch Kedoschah, ,
",
. ,
, Akum
." e Dea, (198
48) Hagah, :
"

.
,

, ,

."

Biur Hetib,
Schulchan Arukh:
"
, ,
, ,
(Akum), *, ,
(* Vilna 1873,

-68 ,
. ,
Akum, ). 7.
,
Kerithuth (6, . 78) :
" :
" Goi
,
. ,
* (*
). ,
,
" Goi, Goim
. ,
:
,

." (Ezechiel, XXXIV, 31).
, ,
Goim, ."
Makkoth (7b)

"


,
Goi".
Orach Chaiim (225,10) :
"
, Akum :
,
,
!"
8.

Midrasch Talpioth (. 2255):


"

. Akum, ,
-

-69
,
" .
[ ]

."

Orach Chaiim, 57, 6a:
"
,
,
Akum
"* (* Taanith (21b)
: " Nokhrim
.") 9.
Zohar, II (64) :
"...

, :
..."
Bechai, Kad Hakkemach,
, Geulah --
80, . 13: "
, ", :
" ... ,

." Buxtorf (Lex.) :
"
,
,
,
, ,
" .
,

."

-70-

Edels, Kethuboth (110b)


:
" Akum
."
10.
Schelomo Iarchi (Raschi),

(., XIV,21),

" "
(XXII, 30)
, :
"... .

; ,
.
"
".

,
. , ,
"";

Nokhri"
11.
Sanhedrin (748) Tasephoth :
" Goi
" "
Kethuboth (36): "
Goi
*

.
Kidduschim (68), :
"... ;
Huna : :
, .
.

."

-71 Eben Haezer (44,8):


Akum
() ,
,
.
, Akum

, *.
Zohar (11, 646) :

Abba
:


.

"
.

,
,
,
".
12.
Zohar (I, 286) :
" "
", (
III, 1) " " ,
"" ",
. .

-
"* (*"
, .
,
Samma-el (. Targum Iobi,
XXVIII, 7). Maimonides
"" (. II,
. 30) Sam-mael
.

"


".
Debbarim Rabba (208c)

-72-

"Sammael, ",
" ".
Bechai ( Mikkets)
" Sammael,
".


,
. -
.
, - Schaddai .
Isch ,
Daleth ,

.
, , ,
Isch Daleth,
Sched - .
Sched, * (*. Sanhedrin Jud..,
. 88).
13.


, ,
, .

, Keliphah - .
Zohar (, 131) :

, ,

:
, Emek Hammelech (23d):

Keliphah,
."
Zohar (I, 46b, 47a)
,
,

-73 :
" ", .
,
Y ,
. , ,
;
Eliezer : ,
" -. ,

".

14.


()
,
, ,
. Rosch Haschanach (17) :

." 15.
,
Pegarim,

, ,
, Metim. , Schulchan
Anukh
. Iore
Dea (377, 1) :
"

. -
"
",
."


, . -

-74-


.
Iebhammoth (61) :
" Nokhrim
. :
,
, . ,
, , Nokhrim
."
III -


,
.
,
, ,
, ,
.
, " ,
,
, . 1.

,
,
. ,
Komarim - Galachim, ,
, - .
Abhodah (14) Toseph, :
"
,


.
,

"
.


,

-75-

"
".
2.

(1) Beth Tiflah,
*, Beth Tefilah, , (*
Wagenseil ( Sota, . 497) ,
Tiflah , Buxtorf
" ,
) (2) Beth Abhodah Zarah, , (3) Beth Hatturaph
Schel Letsim, * (* .
Sepher Zerubbabel, . /).
Abhodah Zarah (78) Peruch Maimonides,
:
" ,
,

,
.

, .
,
,
",
, -
(IV, 28):

, ."
, ,
,
,
,
, ,
".

, ,
.
ore Dea (142, 10) :
"
, "
, -

-76-

.
,
.
,

,
.

,
.
, ".
,
. Iore
Dea (142, 15) :
"


,

. ,

".
,
,
. ore
Dea (143, 1):
" ,

Akum, ,
.
,
, , ,
-

,
".

"
Kelominus

-77-

III, (
Nizzachon)* (* . Wagensel, Sota, .
498). ,

, :
"

"", (*
.
Thum ,
, Tehom .
) III,
,
Kelo-minus : "

,

". : "
,

, a
".
:
"

,
a
." : "


,

-.
: " -

,

,
.
,

"

Tehom

-78-

[].
,
:
,
, ,
" (
, . 5,14),

"
,
!".
:
" ,
".
3.

,
,
. Moses
Kozzensis, Hil-koth Abhodah Zarah (10), :


Goi,
",

".
4.

Minim - " - Siphre Debeth Abidan * (*
).
. Schabbath (116a)
Toseph, :
" Meir
Aaven Gilaion (
)
".
Jochanan Aavon
Gilaion, .
Schulchan Arukh, ven Niktabh l

-79Haggilaion - .
Buxtorf : * Arukh
Scheker Niktabh al Gilaion, . ^
*.

,

". Schabbath (116), :
"

,
. " , Jose :
"
,
, ".
Tarphon, : "
,
,
-

,

,
,
,
!" 5.
Tiflah -
Tefillah
Iod. , .
6-
, , lorn Ed
, , " . ,
, , lorn Notsri -
. Ed,
, Gemarah
Maimonides

-80 Abhodah Zarah (2a):


Edehem

( XXXII, 35):
" ".
Maimonides Abhodah Zarah
(78c):
Edehem
.

, Moedim,

". Bartenora :
" Edehem
".
Tosephoth
. , Abhodah Zarah (6):
" , .
,
",
".

.
Moses Mikkozzi*,
Abhodah Zarah, : (*6. G. Edzard, ut
supra):
" Sammuel ,
Solomon Iarchi, ,

,
"
- ,
".
Maimonides, Hilkoth Akum (. IX)
:
Sammuel
Sal. Iarchi,

,

-81
".
,

" : ,
Nithal, Tet
Nital Natalis,
.
Natal,
. ,
Paschal (Pesach)
. Phe Koph
iod,
Ketsach Kesach.
. Ketsach Kat
sah, ,
Kesach Kesa, .

-
-
.




,
,
,

.

,


,

,
,
. , (1)
, (2)

.




, :
(1)
, (2)
, (3) , (4)
.
-
-

,
,
, , , * (* . Chullin, 91).
, . "
", Chanina, "
-
"* (*. Sanhedrin, 58).
,
.
,

-86, * (* . Chagi-gah,
15). ,
,
"* (*
, , ,
,
. "
".


. ,
,
, - ,
,
. "
,

, .


. " ,
"
.* (*

,
, ,
.

,
"
" Ibidem, . VII, . 136).
1.

Gittin (62) :

Nokhri
. " ,
,

-87,
". 2.


ore Dea (148, 10) :

,
. ,
,
, Akum
"
Kohana ,
"
", .
Tosephoth : "
".
3.

Choscher Hammischpat (26,1) :
"

Akum,

.

,
,
. To Hagah
: "To Bethin
"
,
".
4
Choscher Ham. (34,19) :
" Goi
-

-88".
5.
ore Dea (112, 1) :
"
Akum,

".
Abhodah Zarah (356):
" ,
Goim: , Goi
.
*, , , ." ("
Goi
" Surenhusius Mischnah Ab. Zar., . 6).
6.
ore Dea (178, 1) :
"
Akum,

.
,


,
...

Akum".

,
, Hagah
, ,
,
,
,
.

-89 II -
-

,

. , ,

.
Abhodah Zarah (726) :
"

, Goi
.

( ).
, ,
,
.
ore Dea (120,1):
"
Akum,
, - ,
,
Mikuah [ ]

".

III -
-
,

, 14: " "
"
. Abhodah Zarah (2a):
"

-90,
.
" ,
,
. Abhodah Zarah, 78 c (Perusch
Maimonides, . 8), :
"
a

,

.

"
-
"


.


, ".
2.

ore Dea (139, 1) :


"


, Akum
".
3.

Abhodah Zarah (14b, Toseph):
" ,
, ,
, ,
,
.
,
-

-91
.

. " ,
.

,
Goim .
.


".

,
.

. ore
Dea (139, 15) :
"
Akum,
. , ,

-,

". ,
ore Dea (151, 1, Hagah):
"
Akum

".
,
,
:
,
-
. ,
,
-

-92 . ,
, ,

, ,
.
. Abhodah
Zarah (2a, Toseph):
"
Goim
() . ,
"

" ,
[],
". Bartenora,
Abhodah Zarah (I, 2,
. 7) :
",
,
,
"
"",

* (* Ischmael
-a
).
,
,


.
"
".
Tam * (*

-93Tosephoth, 1170), , Mischnah



, " .
(Abhodah rh, 2a, Toseph):
" "
, ,
,
.
O ,
" ,
" ,
". 4.

ore Dea (148, 5):


" Akum


".
Maimonid.es Hilkhoth
Akum (IX, 2):
"
Goi " ,


".

IV -
-
-
. ,

-94
, ,
,

. ,

, ,
.
1.
ore Dea (81, 7, Hagah), :
"
Nokhri,
.
Nokhrith

".
2.
ore Dea (153, 1, Hagah):
"
Akum
,
, ".
3.
ore Dea (155, 1):
"O ,

,
(Akum)
,
,
.

,

.
,

, . Akum

-95 ,
,
".

Akum
,
.
, Akum

."

Pesachim (25) :

Jochanan :
"
,
".

4.
ore Dea (156, 1):

"
Akum



Akum ,
"
(*
,
. ,

, (
) - (. Maimonides Hilkhoth
Akum, XII, 5).

5
Abhodah Zarah (26):

" ,


,
" ".
, -,

,

-96. Meir, " ,



,

,

."

II



" ",
"
",

.
, .

. ,

-
. , ,

,
- . ,
,
,

.
,
,
.

-98 -


, ,
,
, ,

.
.
Zohar (1, 256)
:
"
Akum... a
."

, , ,
, ov . Maimonides
Hilkhoth Akum (,6):
"

, ..."
ore Dea (148, 12 Hagah) :
"" ,
,

, .
, ,
- ,
.

,

- ."
1.
Abhodah Zarah (20,a, Toseph):
"
, ; "
Goim!"

-99(* Maimonides [Hilk. Akum, X, 5) : ,



.") '
- (VII, 2)
"... ' [Goim]",
Gemarah. S. Iarchi
, :
"
:
Goim." ore Dea (151, 14) :
"

Akum,
, '
-
. ,

,

."
2.

Hilkhoth Akum (V, 12)
Akum.
- ( XXIII, 13): ...
."
3.

ore Dea (146, 15):
"

- ." Ibidem (147, 5):
" ,
Goi:
-

-100 ."
Bechai,
:
"

.
Bethgalia -
", a
Be-thkaria -
, ,
. Karia
- ."

.


,
: - Jeschu,
"
".
Jeschua, .
, -
Charia, ,
(: Dreck). To
Miriam.
- Kededchim
(cinavedos) (),
Kedoschim.
Kedeschoth, .

.
-
Nital, .
- Pesach (Passover),
, Ketsach,
, Kesach, .

Beth Hattefillah, . , Beth
Hattiflah, . , -

-101.
' - Aaron Gilaion,
.
-
.
(. 136) :
mezabbelim ( ) , ( XXII 20): "
."
Iarchi ( Num. XXV, 3)

.
- Schawwesschicksel, . ,
.
4.

Hilkhoth Akum (X, 5):
"
Goim, ' ,
,
:
, ,
- , .
, ." ore
Dea (151, 11) :

Akum, ."

,
.
5.

ore Dea (334, 43) :
" 24

- ... (8)

-102 Akum -

,
Akum a
."
6.
ore Dea (154,2)

"
Akum."

II.

Goim
,
:
Goi
" (. Rohl.
Die. Polem. . 20).


,
.
, .
Babha Bathra (546) : "
Goim :
,
."
1.



Choscher Hammischpat (183, 7)
:
"
Akum
,
.

-103 ,

"
2.

Choschen Hammischpat (266, 1):

Akum,
: "
, "
( XXII, 3).
[ ]
.
,

,


."
3.

Babha Kama (113b) :


" Goi."
Choschen Ham. (156, 5, Hagah):
"

Akum,



Akum.
, ,

Akum,

. Akum


, , ,

."
Choschen Ham (183, 7 Hagah):

-104 Akum
Akum,
, ,

,


."
4.

ore Dea (157, 2. Hagah):
"

[
]

, "* (*
Vilna
1873)
5.

Abhodah Zarah (54) :
"
*

." (*
Schomed,
, Meskhummad).
ore Dea (159, 1) :
" Torah,
Akum.
, ,
' ,
.

."

-105III.

1.

Babha Kama (113) :


:
Goi
,
, ,
.
Goi ,
. ,

,

. ,
Goi ,
Ischmael.
, Akibha,

,

."
, ,
Akibha, :
"
Goi."
Babha Kama (1136):
"
, ,
" Goi: "
,
, ",
Goi ."
2.

Kallah (lb, . 18) :
" ( mamzer)
: ".
Aki-

-106bha
."
Schabbuoth
Hagaroth Acher (6b):
"

,


."

IV.


, '

.

: ,

,
.
1.
Zohar (,
160) :
Jehuda [
Chezkia]:
"



".
Chezkia : "
; Jehuda : "
".
(, . 24,6).
;
-

-107-


,
Esau -
, .
,
. '

- '
-".
2.

ore Dea (158,1)
Akum ,
,

".
3.
.
Orach Chaiim (330, 2) :
" , ,
Akum
,
".
4.

Choschem Ham. (425, 5) :
" ,
Torah, '
,
,
: "
,
"
. Kuthaei, ,

,
,
".
ore Dea (158, 1) :

-108" Akum
, ,

. ,
"
,
."

Maimonides, Hilkhoth Akum (, 1) :


" ,
( VII, 2):
. ' ,
Akum
,
.
,
.
,
'
,
."

-109 II -

,
, Abhodah
Zarah (266) :
,
'
".
Choscher Hammischpat (388, 10):
" ,
, ,
, .
'

,
,
.
, ,
.
", ",
,
.
,




, ,

,
,
-
".
(388, 15), :
"
,

Akum, , ,
".


, .
Sanhedrin (59) :
Jochanan : Goi ""
, ".

II.

Hilkhoth Akum (, 2) :
" [ -
]

.

,
-,
.

."

-111-

ore Dea (158, 2 Hagah):


"
Akum,

,
".
Choschen Hammm (425, 5):
,


, , ,


, ,
Torah
~ '
.

- ,
.
,
-
".

Maimonides , Hilkhoth
Teschubhah (111,8)
:
"

Torah:
(1)

Torah ,
' ,

'
.
(2)

Torah,
.

Mischnach,

Tsadok
(
)

Baithos.
(3)

, Torah
,
Torah

\
.
Torah".

III.


hr (, 25) :
- ,

' : . -

".
,
[ ]...
".
1.

,


. Zohar (, 219 )
:

"

, , ".
(II, 19):
Jehuda :
:

.
.
:
-

".
2.


Esau, ,
, ,
. ,
. , ,

, ,
,
( ) * (* .
Synag. Jud., . , . 212).

David Kimschi Obadiam,


:
"
, ,
(. 34,1): , ..!
, ...
, ".
Abraham,
Tseror Hammor, Schoftim: "
, ".

VI. , ,
' ,

Abhodah Zarah (26b, Tosephoth) :


"
Goim, ".
ore Dea (158,1)
Akum , .
, ,
Schulchan Arukh Milchamah :
" , Akum
,
: Akum
, ."

V.
,

Sepher Or Israel (177) :


" li-photh
,
'
". , Ialkut Simoni (245c .
772), : "
,
".

VI.

Zohar (III, 227b) :



".
To Zohar (II, 43),
, :
" ,

,
.
, ...

-117-

' , : ,
".
VII.

Zohar (I, 386 39):
"

,
...

".
VIII.
GOIM -


Hilkhoth Akum (, 1) :
" ,

, :
,
' ( . 7, 2).
, ".
Ibidem (, 7):
" ,
..."
IX.


Choscher Hamm. (338, 16), :
"

,
".

-118X. , ,
Pesachim (496):
" Eliezer:
" [
]
,
* (*
' )
: ,
. :
,
,

".
XI.


'
( ),
,
-.

. Schabbath (118):
"
:
, ,
Magog. :
,
""
, .".
XII.
,
"
,
.

'
.
,
" (* .
Sanhedrin, . VII ,
Iebhammoth,

.).

:
"


; ! !

.
-..."
" ,

.
,

(
.),
-
".


! ,
, ! !
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,
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1475,
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-143 - ,
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.
Le Juif, le Judaisme et l Judaisa-tion des Peuples
Chretiens, Gougenot des Mousseaux

,
.
IX
Montefiore
,
,

Tomasi . ,

Sir Moses Montefiore.
IX,
.
XIII
EDOUARD DRUMONT, TOY "LA
FRANCE JUIVE",

. : , 1905,
, . 127.
" :

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. ,

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, IV,
, ,

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-144"" : St. William


(Norwich) (1144), St. Werner
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St. Richard (Pontoise) (1179), St.
Hugh (Lincoln)*.
,

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John Foxe
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. Leese, . 49, Foxe : "
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Norwich,
.
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* (*Acta Santorum.
1643 1883.

17
).
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( ),
Limerick 11 1904
. (:
-

-145 (1904), VIII, . 89).



12
,
La Guardia
Toledo, :
(1) Maestre Fray Juan de Santaspiratus,
, Salamanca, (2)
Maestre Fray Diego de Bretonia,
-, (3) Fray Antonio de la Pena, , (4)
Dr. Anton Rodriguez Carnejo,
(5) Dr. Diego de Burgos,
(6) Dr. Juan de Covillas,
(6) Fray Sebastian de Huerta, (8)
Licentiate Alvaro de Sant Estevan,
, Avila, (9)
Ruy Garcia Mansio,
Talevera, (10) Fray Rodrigo Vela,
- Avila, (11) Dr.
Tristan, Avila, (12) Juan de Sant Estevan.
,
.
100
XIII EDOUARD DRU, LA FRANCE JUIVE, '

. DRUMONT
. LE CRIME RITUEL
CHEZ LES JUIFS, 1914. Monniot

, 1803.
, 1834, ,
, Giovanni
de
Georgio.

.

Achille Laurent: Relation Historique des Affaires de
Syric depuis 1840-1842. "

-,

-146 ,
,

.


".
o Monniot
Beilis: " Troitzky,

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VI).
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Henry Charles Lea. , . 42,
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-151
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SIR RICHARD BURTON
28 Leese, , : " Sir Richard Burton, o
,

( Tomasi - E.N.S.),
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1937 - E.N.S.)


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(2)
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(1) . :
. (2)

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:
" D.L. Alexander
Manners Sutton, 27
-

-152 1911, Times .


' , D.L. Alexander,



Sir Richard Burton. ,
,
Mammers Sutton. ,
,
. D.L. Alexander
, ,
.
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1869 1871,
***
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New York Times, 11
1927, - Sir Richard
Burton - : "
, Burton ". ,
:

-153Burton ' ,
,

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Clare G. Stillman Herald Tribune,
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,
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, (Novella), 146,
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Burton

127.
122, Burton : " Cronica
Serafica (della vita di S. F r a n c e s c o d i A s s i s i , O p e r a d e l
P a d r e D a m i a n o Cornejo, 1721, . i, . 1),

-, , . -
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-156" "

Ben Zion Bokser,
Philip Schaff :
.
, . 59, :
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: "

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Sham-mat,

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2.947 ,



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,
, Harvard 1932,
110, George Foote Moore:
"
3
,

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, 91
Justin Martyr,

-157 (Schechem)
: " Bar Cocheba
( -,
)
".
, 1759,
Leese 40 :
" , J.J. Frank,
Lemberg
- (Frankists).


.


. Etienne de Mi-koulissky,
Lemberg,

.
,
,
, .

"
,

". -
,
,
. , 1903,
II, . 563, Baruch
Yavan

.
V I I , . 579,
Judah Lob

-158ben Nathan Krysa.



,
: La Malfaisance juve,
Pikulski, Lyon, 1760, Materiaux sur
la question relatwe aux accusations portees contre les Juifs a propos des crimes
rituels, J.O. Kouzmine, St. Petersbourg,
1914".
106:36-38
,
,
.
Pranaitis,
Leese :
"

Pranaitis

(

B e i l i s ) .

(
Leese)
,
".
,

,
,
,

,
.
:

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, (
8: 36-37). E.N.S., 20 .
1939

-159 ASIA
, 1937
( Henry Field, ,

Field, Chicago.
-
Oxford.
1926). TOY SANDUR,
"***
Field, 1934. ***

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main en Laye),

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. 80
(: Jean DubraiveHistoire de Boheme livr. XVIII).


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Henri Desportes -La Mystere du Sang. Livr.I).
To 1305, ,
,
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(Annecy),
, .

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. (: Danyw
de Saint - Martin - Gell Chtist II 723).

-168 To 1331, (Uberlingen) ,



.
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(: Jean Vitoduran Chronique).
7 , 1388, ,

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Henri Desportes -Le Mystere du Sang.).
,
,
,
.
1345,
, ,
70 ,
(: Raderus Bavaria).
To 1347, ,
, ,
. (:
Henri Desportes Le Mystere du Sang.).
To 1361,
.

. -

-169 '
, .
, ,
. (:
Chroniques de Bollandistes Actes del' Eglise de Cologne).
To 1380, (Hangenbach) , '
.
. (
: Martin Crusius - Annales de Souabe).


.

, 1394.
, ,
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1420,
,
, ,
.
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.


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,
.
, 45 , ,

-170.
,
,
,
(Louis Vam-Bruck),

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,
.
, ,
. . (:
Ada Sancta 3 vol p.978).
1436 , 6
,

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.
, , 6

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, , ".
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.
1451 (Bresleau) ,
.
,
.
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. ,

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. , 4
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-172

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,

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(: Alphonse Spina - De bello
judoerum lib III consid 7).
To 1451, ,

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, .
,
.
. ,
-

-173
.

.
- 5
.
,
,
.



1475, , - -
.

(:enry Desportes-Le Mystere du Sang)
- -
.
:
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, . 4 ,
,
. ,
.
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,
. ,

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,
,
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,

-174 . ,
. , ,
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1454, .
1462, ,
(Rinn pres Inspruck), ,

.
1468, 9
,
(Sepulveda)
(Solomon
Pecho). To
,
.
,
' (Jean d' Avila),
(Segovie). 4


, .
.
(: Golmenares Hist ds Segovie).
To 1475, ,
2 .
o

-175
.
,
,
:
" -
,

-

:
.

,
.
7 , ,

-.
1476, ,

, (Baronius Bartolocu).
To 1480,
(Por
to Buf- fole in Bergamo).

. (: Henri Desportes Le mystere


du Sang).
To , 1480,
(: Henri
Desportes -Le Mystere du Sang.).

-176 To 1481, ,

.
1485, , (Vicence)
,
.
14
"Beatus Andreas",

.
1490, (Guardia),
,
,
.

, .
" " (La Croix) 1886
,

.
.
1494, (Tyrnaux) ,

,
. 12

.
,
. . .
2
.

, -

-177 . ' ,

' .
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,
.
,
,

. (: Ada
Sancta - Vol 11 .839)
To 1503, (Waltkirk) ,

10 '
'
.

. ,
.
. ,

(Algasa),
.
1505, (Budweiss) ,
.

, , . (: Spectateur
de Zirgler)
To 1509, (Posing),
,
,
.
,
.
. -

-178 ,
(: Spectateur de Zirgler p.588)

To 1510 .
1520,
(Tyrneau et Biring
, , 30

. (: Acta
Sancta 11 vol p.839)
To 1525, 5
,
.
. (: Henri Desportes Le
Mystere du Sang)
To 1540, (Sappenfeld)
, , (George Pisenharter),
.
,
(Titing),

3 . ,
,
, ,
"
,
, : " , 3 ".
. ,
. -

-179 . (:
Spectateur de Zirgler p.588)
To 1547, (Raw) ,

. , 2


(: Acta Santa 11 vol p. 839).
1551,
(Pultow) , 5 ,


(: Henri
Desportes Le Mystere du Sang.).
To 1569, (Witow) ,
, ,

^, .
.
(Louis Dyex)


(Bielko)
.
1571 1572,
(Tarnow)
.
1574, (Punia) ,
,
. ,

(Ioac
him Smierlowiez),
. -

-180
.
1575, , ,
, .
1590, (Szydlow),
,
,
\ .
. ,
,
, . .
1592, ,

,
170 ,

. 1623
.
1595, , ,
.

.
1597, ,
(Szydlow),
. "
, "
, "
9
. , ^
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-181 .
.
, 8 .
, ,
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.
1598,
, ,

, .
,

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.
,

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1650, (Caaden) ,

(Mathias Tillich).
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1651, 1652, 1653

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[
"WOMEN"S VOICE" (1955) (537 S. DEAR-BORN,
ROOM 800, CHICAGO 5, ILLINOIS - USA)

] "
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, .
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1955,
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-204 ARNOLD LEESE'S


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DES PLAINES -.
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PLAINES
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GRIMES
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BEDWELL
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BEDWELL, LOHMAN
BEDWELL
GRIMES
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BEDWELL ,
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JUDITH ANDERSEN,
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DAILY NEWS ( ), .
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,
GRIMES.
JUDITH ANDERSEN

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GRIMES,
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-206 ,
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1954, , 60
. .. , ,
. , Benjamin H. Freedman,
,
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.

Benjamin .
Freedman , .
Dr. David
Goldstein, LL. D, 10 1954,

.

Freedman,


, -.
()
SANHEDRIN, 67A. "
, ".
KALLAH, IB (18B). "
".

-213-

SANHEDRIN, 67A.
".
TOLDATH JESCHU.
.
ABHODAH ZARAH 11. "
, ".
SCHABBATH XIV. "
, ".
SCHABBATH 104B.
".
SANHEDRIN 43A. "
".
TOLDOTH JESCHU. ".
SANHEDRIN 103A.
".
SANHEDRIN, 107B. ,
".
ZOHAR 111 (282).
".
HILKOTH MELAKHIM. " ".
ABHODAH ZARAH, 21A.
".
ORACH CHAIIM, 113. "
".
IORE DEA, 150, 2. "
, ".
ABHODAH ZARAH (6A).
". (
).
()
HILKOTH MAAKHALOTH.
. ' ".
ABHODAH ZARAH (22). "

, ".
IORE DEA (153, 2). "

-214 . ".
ABHODAH ZARAH (25B). "
, ' ".
ORACH CHAIIM (20, 2).
".
ABHODAH ZARAH (15B). ,
".
ABHODAH ZARAH (22A).
".
SCHABBATH (145B).
, ".
ABHODAH ZARAH (22B). "
, ".
IORE DEA (198,8). " -
, ".
KERITHUTH (6B, .78).
. ".
(7). " , '
".
ORACH CHAIIM (225, 10).
".
MIDRASCH TALPIOTH (225).
, ".
ORACH CHAIIM (57, 6). "

".
ZOHAR 11 (64).
".
KETHUBOTH (110B). ()
".
SANHEDRIN (74B) TOS. "
".
KETHUBOTH (3B). "
".
KIDDUSCHIM (68A).
".
HAERAR (44, 8).
".
ZOHAR (11, 64). "
".

-215-

ZOHAR (I, 28B).


".
ZOHAR (I, 131A). "
".
HAMLELECH (23D).

".
ZOHAR (I, 46B, 47). "
".
ROSCH HASCHANACH (17A). "

".
IORE DEA (337, 1). "
,
".
(61 ).
,
".
ABHODAH ZARAH (14B). "
".
ABHODAH ZARAH (78). " ".
IORE DEA (142, 10). "
".
IORE DEA (142, 15). " ".
IORE DEA (141, 1). "
".
HILKOTH ABH. ZAR. (10B).

".
SCHABBATH (116A) TOS "
, ".
SCHABBATH (116)
".
ABHODAH ZARAH (2A). "
".
ABHODAH ZARAH (78C). "
, ".
ABHODAH ZARAH (6A). "

-216 ".
HILKOTH AKUM (CH. IX.). " ".
GLULLIN (91). ,
".
SANHEDRIN (58B). "
.
CHAGIGAH (15B).
' , ".
GITTIM (62A). ",
".
IORE DEA (148.10). ,
.
".
CHOSCHEN HAM. (26, 1).
".
CVOSCHEN HAM. (34, 19).
".
IORE DEA (112, 1).
, ".
ABHOTAH ZARAH (35B). " , ".
IORE DEA (178, 1). " ,
".
ABHODAH ZARAH (72B). ,
, ".
IORE DEA (120, 1). ",
, ".
ABHODAH ZARAH (2A). "
".
ABHODAH ZARAH (78C).
".
IORE DEA (189.1). "
,
".
ABHODAH ZARAH (14B). "
, -

-217-

".
IORE DEA (151, 1). "
, ".
ABHODAH ZARAH (2A, ). "
, ".
ABHODAH ZARAH (I, 2). "

".
ABHODAH ZARAH (2A, ). "
, ,
".
IORE DEA (148, 5).
, ".
HILKOTH AKUM (IX, 2). "
, ".
IORE DEA (81, 7 HA). "
, ".
IORE DEA (153, 1, ). "
".
IORE DEA (155, 1). "
,
".
PEASCHIM (25A). " ,
".
IORE DEA (156, 1). "
, ".
ABHODAH ZARAH (26A). "
, ".
ZOHAR (1, 25). ",
, ".
HILKOTH ARUM (X, 6). "
, ".
IORE DEA (148, 12).
, ".
ABHODAH ZARAH (20A). "
,
, ".
IORE DEA (151, 14). "
, ".

-218-

HILKOTH AKUM (V 12). "


,
".
IORE DEA (146, 15). "
".
IORE DEA (147, 5). "
,
".
HILKOTH AKUM (, 5). "
. (
)".
IORE DEA (151, 11). "
, ".
IORE DEA (334, 43). " ' , ".
IORE DEA (154, 2). "
".
BABHA BATHRA (54BA).
,
".
CHOSCHEN HAM (183, 7). " ,

".
CHOSCHEN HAM (226, 1).

".
BABHA KAMA (113B). "
".
CHOSCHEN HAM (183, 7). "
,
".
CHOSCHEN HAM (156, 5). "

".
IORE DEA (157, 2). "
, ".
ABHORAH ZARAH (54A). "

".
IORE DEA (159, 1).
, ".
BABHA KAMA (113B) "
,
".
KALLAH (IB,.18). " ".
SCHABBBOUTH HAG. (6D).
, ".
ZOHAR (I, 160A). "
".
IORE DEA (158, 1). " ,
".
ORACH CAHIIM (330, 2). "
".
CHOSCHEN (425, 5). "
, ".
IORE DEA (158, 1). " ,
".
CHOSCHEN HAM (388, 10). "
".
ABHODAH ZARAH (26B). "
".
CHOSCHEN HAM (388, 15). "
,
".
SANHEDRIN (59A). " ".
HILKOTH AKUM (, 2). "
".
IORE DEA (158, 2) HAG. " , ".
CHOSCHEN HAM (425, 5). "
, ".
HILKOTH TECH (11, 8). "
" ".
ZOHAR (11, 25). "
, ".

ZOHAR (11, 19A). "


".
ZOHAR (I, 219B). "
".
OBADIAM. " ,
".
ABHODAH ZARAH (26). "
() ".
SEPHER OR ISRAEL (177B). " , ".
IALKUM SIMONI (245C). "
".
ZOHAR (11, 43).
".
ZOHAR (L, 38B, 39).

' , ".
HILKOTH AKUM (, 1). "

".
HILKOTH AKUM (, 1). "
".
HILKOTH AKUM (X, 7). "
,
".
CHOSCHEN HAM (338, 16). " ,
".
PESACHIM (49B). " ,
' ".
SCHABBATH (118A). " ".

, , , !
""
.
.
(1) , , .
,
,
,

-221 .
,
-, !"
(MASECH, SEPHARIM, FOLIO 13, ).
(2) "
,
,
"
( FOLIO 33, ).
(3) "
, " (CHAG, FOLIO 10, )
(4) "
" (TALMOUD DE JE
RUSALEM, BERACHOTH, PEREK ).
(5) "
" (SANHEDRIN,
FOLIO 88 ). (6) "
'
" (SEPHER CAD HA KEMACH, FO
LIO 74, C, 4).
(7) "
(
) !" ( ERUBIN, FOLIO 21 , CF,
GITTIN, FOLIO 59 ).
(8)
,
!" (SEPHER CHAFARI ZEDEK, FOLIO 9).
(9) "
(
, 1867, 25, 15 ).
(10) "
" ( ERUBIN, FOLIO 21,
).
(11) " ,

" (SEPHER CAPHTHORU PERACH 1590, FO
LIO 121).
(12) "
" (MIDRACH

-222-

MISCLE, FOLIO 1).


(13) "

" ( SANHERDIN, FO
LIO 110, )
(14) "
!" (BACHAIAD PENT FOLIO 201, COL.4).
(15) "
!" (I AD. CHAZ HILCH, TALMUD,
THORA, PEREK 5, 1).
(16) "
, !" (AD. DEUTER., XVII, 11).
(17) "
" (AD.
PENT., PAR 28 FOLIO 129, COL.3).
(18) " ,

" ( CHULIN, FOLIO 34, ).
(19) " ,
!" ( CHAG, FOLIO 16
KIDDUCHIN, FOLIO 40-).

V

GUIBBORY

2.000
GUIBBORY, ,
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1877
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VI



,

, . , ..
...,
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..... . ,
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-
1. . .,
,
, "
".

1979,


.
-
.

.
2. .

. 1959,

-232 " "


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. 1984, "
-"
.


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3.

. .

1937. 10


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.,
, : "
,


". 198 1,


,
.
. 18 1985,
.
,
666. .
. -
. 19 .
THE ORTHODOX WORD, .16 ,
.31

-233-

4. (
).
.

.

. 27/12/1955
,
.
1983 (Journal of
Moscow Patriarchate No 2, 1988, .33).