Office of Naval Research Contract Nonr-6lO i06) Task Order NR OÖ4-476

'. ■:






Technical Report No. I




AUS Uü 911



by G. C. Sih


U iu

March I966


Department of Applied Mechanics Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania

Slh Department of Applied Mechanics Lehigh University Pethlehem. .Offtee of Naval Research Contrast Nonr-610 (06) Task Order NR 061-476 Technical Report No. Pennsylvania March 1966 Reproduction in whole or in part is permitted by the United States Government. 1 On the Westergaard Method of Crack Analysis by 0. Distribution of this document is unlimited. C.

Pa.On the Weatergaard Method of Crack Analysis by G. the stresses and displacements may be expressed in terms of two complex functions <fr(z) and \|>(z) of the variable z-x+iy. Surprisingly enough it has yet to be pointed out that the method in [1] suffers severe restrictions for a class of problems dealing with the infinite medium with a crack (or cracks) subjected to external loads at infinity. These restrictions will be derived in the work to follow from the more general consideration of complex potentials originated by Muskelishvili [2]. In the theory of two-dimensional Isotropie elasticity. C. Numbers in brackets designate References at end of Note. 2 3 Professor of Mechanics. D.1 - .C. Slh 2 A survey of the literature on the analysis of crack problems shows that the Westergaard method [1] has been most frequently quoted and used by the practitioners In fracture mechanics for nearly thirty years. . Lehigh University. They are 1 The results presented in this paper were obtained in the course of an investigation carried out under Contract Nonr-6l0(06) with the Office of Naval Research in Washington. Bethlehem.

0 (4) where A is a real constant depending upon the applied load. If the external loads are placed symmetrically with respect to the x-axls along which the cracks are situated. Im [z ♦"(z)+*»(z)] . (4) and letting the stresses take the form K ■ 3 . The shear modulus is denoted by y.ox + 21 xxy .a + a m l\ Re [♦«(B)] (1) oy .z ♦' (z) . then the shearing stress T i. (3) can be satisfied by taking i|i'(z) + z 4>"(z) + A . for y .0 (3) must vanish at y»0. Eq.0 . ..JTzT (2) where K takes the value 3-^v for plane strain and (3-v)/(l+v) for generalized plane stress and v is the Poisson's ratio. Eqs.**v for plane strain.e.2 - . (1) and (2) may be simplified by introducing symmetry conditions as follows: Symmetric Problems. Making use of eq.2[z ♦M(z)+*'(z)] and 2y(u+iv) » ie $(z) .

-2y Re [♦"(«)] and the displacements are 2M U . the constant A cannot be neglected arbitrarily. (4-6) and (9-10) in [1].2 Re IV(z)] .2y Re [♦»(z)] . only if 2 *'(z) . consider the problem of an infinite medium with a central crack of length 2a along the x-axis. Eqs.0 In general. * ■» <J y .2 Re [♦•(«)] + 2y Ira [♦"(z)] .ox .2y Im [♦"(z)3 + A a . the problem Is reduced to the determination of a single complex function $(z) satisfying the necessary boundary conditions.0 xy .Ay Hence.A (7) T . respectively. as (xZ+y2)-1/2 '^« a "60. z . T -a<x<a (9) 1 0. A .3 - . To illustrate this point. The boundary conditions are ay "T xy "0. (7) and (8) agree with eqs. * ■ 0 ' .2(l-2v) Re [*(z)] .2y Im [♦'(z)] + Ax (8) 2y v ■ 4(l-v) Im C*(z)] .

(1) and (2) and separating the real and imaginary parts give ox . Skew-Symmetric Problems.0 It follows that + 2 4>'(z) + z ♦"(z) + IB » 0 (11) I|I'(Z) (12) where B is a real constant.(z)+*»(z)] ■ 0. The same applies to the problem of an infinite row of collinear cracks spaced periodically in an infinite medium [3]. or Re [2<j»*(z)+z ♦ l.(l-e)(o°.The solution to this problem Is given by [2] ♦'(z) = (o"/2)[z/(Z2-a2)1/23-(l-£)(a°yiO (10) *'(z) . the normal stress o is required to vanish at y»0.(a2o"/2)[z/(z2-a2)3/2]+(l-c)(o"/2) Inserting eq. (12) into eqs.2y Im [♦"(z)] y . (10) into (H).*J Re [*'(z)3 . say along the xaxis./2) Note that A vanishes only in the special case of e»l corresponding to the case of uniform tension at infinity. at y .. For loads applied skew- symmetrically with respect to the crack line.4 - .2y Im [♦"(*)] (13) av . Substituting eq. A is found to be A .

T "xy * T . B ■ 0 y Im Z. (13) and (14) may be obtained by selecting an Airy stress function of the form The results are the same as those given above if 2 $»(z) .By (13) (1M) 2W v « 2(l-2v) Im U(z)] .a2)3/2] . as (x2+y2)w ■*■«» Prom [2].Bx The Westergaard version of eqa. The restriction of B»0 leads to a trivial solution for the problem of uniform in-plane shear applied to an infinite medium containing a crack. • y J -a<x<a (15) o x ■ ay ■ 0 .iTaB[z/(z2-a2)1/2]-i(a2T°'/2)[z/(z2. are ■ 0 .5 - . the complex functions are ♦ •(z) .2y Im [+'(z)] .T xy • . ' For this problem.2 Im [#•(«) * >y Re U"(z)] .-(iT°/2)[z/(z2-a2)1/2] + i r/2 (16) #*(s) .2y Re [♦»(«)] .B and 2y u w 4(l«v) Re [♦(z)J . the conditions O«T y xy "0.2.

.«» The constant B may thus be found from eqs. (12) as B . It should be mentioned that the Westergaard method is valid for loads applied to the crack surfaces since in such cases the constants A and B have no contribution.T Hence. „ 6 - . B cannot vanish for a non-trivial solution.

Private communication with I. pp. Holland. 1953» 3.7 - . P.I. Groningen.M. "Bearing Pressure and Cracks". 2. Muskhelishvili. Westergaard. H.. N„ Sneddon.References 1. A 49-53. 1937. Journal of Applied Mechanics. Noordhoff Ltd. N. "Some Basic Problems of Mathematical Theory of Elasticity". 6. Vol. .

Lab. Buchomnr. t. C 20540 Director STBS Defense Afcomia Support Agency ton. laTT (cpni'd. Naval Ordnance Teat Station Attnl Dr. A. Sklns*r. Eelley) «award« AFB. Virginia 23709 Coaeandlng Officer ft Director Code 257. Rhode Inland 02912 . 20360 Executive Secretary PLRRD Special rrojecU Office (sp-ODllo) Departaemt of the Navy Washington. Lit. 3. Navy Marine Engr. D. D. Ordnance Teat Station Machanlcal Engineering Division Cod« 556 China Uke. 5. hen fork 09510 Coamanding Officer ONR Brench Office 207 Wen Jit" treet New fork. L. Duerr Redstone Araenal. S. R. J. 20546 Scientific ft T«oh. SUrer) MMF-22 (Er. Uebowit«) 945 (Mr.e Oak Silver Spring. a. Navy Underwater Sound Ref. Virginia 22134 Dire«tor Attas Hr. H. 20360 Shier. B. 20234 latloaal Selene« Foundation smfliaMrlng Division 195i Constitution Avenue.i. Albuquarqu«.) latloaal Aeronautics ft Spue Adaln. 20333 (5) ■ft 8SM-61 (Mr. C. Speoial Projecta Attni Sp-COl 43 2731 iMpaxtaau. D. Info. Wilson ■atlonal Bureau of Standard» ton. Elder Aberdeen Prortr. D. Bureau of Skip« Attnl Code 210-L 305 345 421 Commanding Officer and Director Attnl Code Qti2 (Cent. lards ft Dock» Annex Dapart a eat of U» lewy aeshiagton. I. of Tech. Maryland 20640 0. Noonmn) 962 (Dr. Coda 9832 Technical Library Building 291.) Darld Taylor Model Baaln Washington. U. Code 1.tni Mr. j. S.«.. Naval Ordnance Laboratory At. S. Alabama 35809 Ballistic Reaearch Laboratories Attns Dr.* PART I . Virginia 22448 Uäk Structure« taeaarch "Hriilcn Atta: Mr. eBahlAgton. Ampolla. Mm. Offlea of Ship Constr.. S. Serai Reaaarch Laboratory Attni Technical Inforaatlcn Dir. C. Mr. 20418 Chief. Docuaent Se-tior. 20360 D. L. S. C. UTiaiom of Ship Deal«* Maritime Adadnietration Weauingtoa. 9. D. Utah 84401 Ci—iirrler Mechanic« Diriaion Air Force Offle« of Selen. • taaearoh ft Engr. 20360 Coamanding Officer Oak Brush Office lt95 Suaamr Street Boston. Mary Und 20014 Chief.Ciround Aberdeen. Attnl Mr. Langlay laaaaroh Chntar Langlay Station Hampton.M. New Haawjanir* 03804 0. 0. Atoeelate administrator for adraaeed Beslarrt ft Technology Washington. 20390 (6) Dafenae Documentation Center Cameron Station Alexandria. C 20235 Deputy Chief. C. Lekia) «right-fat teraoo Air Force Base Peyton. California 91101 Coamanding Officer OIK Brench Office D. Naval Propellant Plant Attnl Dr. Arajr Miaiila Cuammnd Redstone Araenal. Naval Base Breejriyn. Navy 100 c/o Fleet Poet Office New Tort.31 Port Ruereae. S. D. Bureau of Neral We*. 3. C. Library 0. Coda 3Q3TL Hare Island Naval Shipyard Vallajo. C. I. 1076 Million Street Sen Francisco. 0. Division Library of Congress eashlngtoo. Are» Materials Rea. D. Naval Civil Engr. S. 0. 20360 Cosmandsr 0. Clrll Engineering Brush ■US. Massachuaetta 02210 Caenmndlng Officer ONR Branch Office 219 S. C. Taetinf ft Daralopment Dlv. S. Box 8337 Orlando. leieareh Divlaloa Air Fore« Weapons Laboratory Elrtlaad AFB. taaeo Maritime Administration Waehlngton. OCmrjQC Bill AFB. Naval Electronic« Laboratory Attni Dr. larcinlak) SO Deportment of the Mary Washington. Pemaylnnia 19112 MM ffinnVrt. J. I. Tirglaia 23365 (20) Nary (cont'd. Maryland 21402 Technical Library D. S. Mhl . Maryland 20910 Soparvlaor of Shipbuilding Ü. Virginia 23607 Shipyard Technical Library Building 746. Murrey CRH-AA-IP tea CM.) Director Aeronaatloal Strueteree Lee.». Oslo »5433 Chief. 20550 Science ft Tecr. 20301 Chl«f. Weyl) 123 439 (2) lib« Department of the tuiry Washington.-ns Attni Cade DLI-3 «-U IAAD-2 &A4D-2» (B>. Naval Applied Science lab.S. New Mexico 67115 F^TT n OOsTtUCTOaS AID 0T9B TatmB". ilrframa ft Xamlpmant Branch R-UO Of flee of Fllfht Standard« Federal Art»tlou Agency Maahtagtem. s. Cede KT-2 ■aaalnr. Massachusetts 02172 Redstone Scientific Info. ■. C. J. Paaadena. C. Coast Ouard 1300 S Street. F. S. D. S. R.s. W. 20553 Chief. S. S.) 720 725 71i0 (Mr. kyan) BttP-11 (Mr.CKnTERNMENT Administrative ft Liaison Activities Chief of htnl Reaearch tun: Cod« 102 (Er.c. Nar. C. Meryl»™! 21005 Technical Library Aberdeen Provlne Ground Aberdeen. Joz 5700 Bsth«ada. S. 20007 423 430 440 442 443 1500 Dej^rtamat of the Nary neshington. Ardiager) U Structure« ClTialoB *RC (KUa) Cede WmDS imi. 0. S. Lytle National laaaaroh Coanell latloaal Academy of Solaaeeo 2101 Censtltatlo* Avenue Washington. A. larlne Corps Schools Omantleo. California 91107 U. E. Tuono Reeearch ft Develcpeeni Division Indian Head.L. C. F. Teohnleal Ubriry loo»3C-12« Th« FantajOB «ashtattom. *. Washington. Sette) 901 (Dr. 2054a ■atlonal aaroaaaUus ft Spaee Admin. D. P. Green Street Pasadena. Post Office * Courte Bid«. 20226 Director Marine Oerpe Landing Foree Devel. Calif omU 92152 0. T. FaclUty USA UmraewiUtiT« (S-U/X) F. Washington. California 93041 Shipyard Technical Library Code 242L Portaaouth Naval Shipyard Portanouth. A. ELast ft Shook Dirlsioa The Pentagon Waaalnfton. Naval Ordnance Laboratory Maohanica Divlaion RFC 1. J. aaahinftoo. Office of Naval Reaearch P.-Durham Attnl Mr. D. E. C. Attiil Mr. Mer/3ir. Lab. 20235 executive Secretary Committee on Cndereea Warfare Notional aaedaay of Science« 23X11 Constitution Avstae Waaaington. 3. Naval Ordnance Test Station Paaadena Annex 3202 E. D. D.Uraoa air Fore« Base öaytoi-. C.) Oaiiraee Exploaion Reeearch Dir. Applied laohaalea Qroam (. J.d 21005 NJVJ. 0. Jr. lea Mexico 87117 AFIFl (BFaW/Br. C. New lork 10011 Commanding Officer ONR Brench Office 1030 E. D. Straasberg) 941 (Dr. Coban Cod« 730 David Taylor Model Baaln Norfolk Naval Shipyard Portaanuth. C.) 050 700 (Struc. Ag--->.j. S. California 9Ü592 Dlraotor D. Lim. North Carolina 27706 Commanding Officer 1KHR-ATL D. ren»eylv«nle 1V112 Director Attal Code 53*0 5500 »area« of lard« ft Deeka Tsw». B. S. D. A. C. Air rare« laat. C. Uli note 60604 Commanding Officer OKh Branch Office Box 39. Lab.. N. D. Cottier Chief. Imy Reaaarch Off. Baa. S. Maryland 20910 U. H. J. California 9355T Caaemnding Officer ft Director D. Mach. W. Florida 32806 Technical Library B. ChrlsUiBMB San Dl«go. 20301 Director Defei. I. C. D. Beldanfela. Drucker DlvlA'lon of Engineering Brown Univereity Providence. Calces) 960 (Mr. li. Perry. Nary Newport.Al MLUBOUTOU Pnivcraltles Or. Maryland 21005 Ballistic Reeearch Laboratories Attn: Mr. D. D. erl«>t-»aS. Caa. Naval Propellent Plant Indian Head. Non-Metallic Matoriala Divlaion Silver Spring. Alabama 35809 AH3MI-RKP Attnl Mr. S. Br. Salertown. California 941Q3 D. «aval Air aaglaaering Center ■»Tal Base Pailedelaala. 20301 Commander Field Command Dsfaase Atomic Support Agency Sandle B. H. 20390 Chief. D. T. Maryland 20640 Chief of Naval Operatione Attni Code Op-0380 0p-07T Departasnt of the Navy Washington. 20418 Ship tall Beseareh Committee Attal Mr.► -. D. California 93557 Coaemnder U. Lab. C. Naval Air Engineering Center Naval Base Philadelphia. Büke Station Durham. Ohio 45433 Chief. C. New York 11251 Direstor Aeronautical Materials Lab. Chief national Aeronautics ft Spaee aaaln. C 20390 AeJ_&£Xl Attal Code < AFTSL (raas) taoo «10 4350 «MO Technical Library ■aval laaaaroh Laboratory Majfclitgton. C. 20350 Director. Maral Weapons Laboratory Deelgrea. R. Bafaems Atonic Support Agcy. Foothill Blvd. Virginia 2Z31ii Commanding Officer V. M. Arnold Adlcoff Code 5056 China Lake. (ror) Cad* IMC AIHL (KAM) Coda WCL3T SB (ant. H. A. D. Deerborn Street Chicago. of the Navy Washington. Gay AMXBR-LD Aberdeen Proving Ground Aberdeen. California 93523 Til—lalin Attnl Mr.

k AstroStanford University Stanford. Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn 333 Jay Street Brooklyn. 0525 Aerojet-General Corporation P. Massachusetts 02138 Prof. Sc. of Materials Science Dept. P. L. California 91301 Mr. Hoff Kept. Holland Tokyo. Connecticut 06ju0 Mr. 0227 Aerojet-General Corporation P. W. 4 Applied Physics Pierce Hall Harvard University Cambridge. Lockheed Propulsion Company P. »ndUn Department of Civil fagr. a Revaan. Relss Courant Inst. S. Japan Prof. N. k Chem. E. Glen Cove Long Island. George Herrmann The Technological Institute Northwestern University Evanston. J. Place New York. Sciences New York University 1» Washing!T. H. 0. 4 Engr. Crescent Beach Road.Y. K. Markus Reiner Technical R * V Foundation. B. Hercules Powder Company P. JAPAN Dr. A. E. J. WllUaa A. Illinois 60201 Director. Box 210 Cumberland. Illinois 601. laadal Jet Propulsion Laboratory I. California 91109 Prof. California 95809 Mr. Pennsylvania 168OI Prof. California 9li720 Prof. H. California 95609 Dr.) Owaaloal Fremnlalen AganeaMil Sedrgia Avsjna Silver Spring. Mechanics Universe ty of Florida Gainesville. of Civil Engineering Univeralty of Illinois Urbana. Joseph Marln Prof. Relssner Dept. A. Indiana 1*7907 Prof. 4 Applied Hech. of America Washington. F. D. Box I947 Sacraaanto. 0. New Tork 1002' Prof. Bldg. of Mechanical Engr. California 9U09 Prof. Ooodler Div.V. Indiana 47907 Prof. Aeronautical Engr. of Hcth. of Engr. L. Nash Dept. California 95809 Dr. U. Kobayashi Sept.-02 Dr. Paul H. California 92371* Library Newport News Shipbuilding k Dry Dock Company »lewport News. California 91109 Prof. Dept. California 9^305 Dr. of N. Massachusetts 02139 Library (Code 038I1) U. ft. Slati MaUrlals Science Department California Institute of Technology dOUomU 91109 Prof. Astro. of Tech. 207 Guggenheim Hall University of Washington Seattle. of Interdisciplinary Studies and Research School of Engineering State Univ. 50 Moulton iiireet Cambridge.N. F. Ourtin ■row* Onivfrslty Providence. Box 191»7 Sacramento. Coluabla University S. Rev Tor*-11542 Universities (cont'd} Prof. J. Philippines Mr. fagr. leu Tork 10027 Prof. of Engr. »mi« Island 02912 Prof. 4 Appllod Sciences California Institute of Technology Pasadena. A. 0. 0. Bldg. Wiegend Senior Dept. Purdue University Lafayette. University of Kansas Lawrence. Hodge Department of Mechanics Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago. Massachusetts 02138 Dr. Coluabla University Aaatardaa & 120th Street New Tork. affair. Box 1308 San Bernardino. P. New Tork 10027 Prof. B. New York 11*21» Dr. Koh School of Aero. Telra Department of Engineering Kyoto University Kyoto. j>. S. Mm Tork 10027 Prof. California 91103 Mr. M. California 921. Box 30 State College. S. E. Francis Coxzarelli Dlv. Sc. Properties Lab. Kempner Dept. Skudrzyk Department of Physics Ordnance Research Lab. Merritt Division 51*12 Sandle Corporation Sandia Base Albuquerque. Joshua E. J. 0525 Ballistics k Nsch. D. J. University of Washington Seattle. Illinois 61803 Prof. Massachusetts 02138 Dr. Baltrukonis Mechanics Division The Catholic Univ. Britton Solid Rocket Division Rocketdyne P. T. Caiar P.305 Prof. »722. «* Columbia University New Tork. Eugen J. A. Califoral* Institute of Technology ' a. Alabama 35607 Dr. W. 0. I. Budiansky Div. Illinois 61803 Prof. Maryland 21501 Dr. 0. G. of Applied Mechanics Etcheverry Hall University of California Berkeley. Florida 32603 Prof. 20017 Prof. Rlvlin Division of Applied »ktheemtlcs Brown university Providers». California 91103 Mr. California 91. Kerwln Bolt. Hi SUrnbarg Div. Alexander Rocketdyne Division North American Aviation. 20017 Prof. The Pennsylvania State University P. Avery Applied Physics Laboratory Johns Hopkins University 8621 Georgia Avenue Silver Spring. M. of Engr.— (cont'd. Naval Postgraduate School Monterey. L. Case Avenue Argonne. Klosner BJytechnic Institute of Brooklyn 333 Jay Street Brooklyn. Pennsylvania 1680I Dean Oscar Bagulo Assoc. 29 Church Street Raasey. Chan Basic Engineering Electric Boat Division General Dynamics Corporation Oroton. 4 Sngr. Sorten University of Illinois Urbana. Coluabla University 616 Mudd Building New Tork. k Arch. Naghdl Dir. Albert S. H. of Engr.) Dr. Petty Technical Librarian AUagatgr Ballistics Lab. 1. A. Drive Pasadena. 6633 Caooga Avenue Canoga Park. M. H. Joses H. Julius WJtloxiti U. Washington 98105 Officer-ln-Charge Post Graduate School for Naval Off. Pennsylvania 18015 Solid Propallant Library Piraatone night Solana« Lob. Schapery Fuv'ue University Lafayette. Kansas 66OU5 Prof. 0. Box 19*>7 Sacramento.—. L. Philippines Prof. of Materials Sc. C. IHM fork 10027 Prof. Nicholas J. Boley Department of Civil Engr. Inc. J. Bldg.O. Bell Department of Civil Engr. Columbia university Ametardam 4 120th Street Km lark. USE. Inc. H. O63I1O Dr. 0. Eirlch Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn 333 Jay Street Brooklyn. and Naval map. Mud* Island 0(912 Prof. ft. E. of Mathematics Massachusetts Inst. sHnauwA MlUka Tokyo. DiMaggio Department cf Civil Engr. Sotfthweit laaaareh Institute 8500 Culebxa Road San Antonio. A. Illinois 60616 Onlvapsltlcs (cont'd. John Zickel Dept. V. Tledemann Dept. Durelli Meohenioe Division The Catholic Ohiv. E. M. Japan Prof. 0.. Beranek. New York 11201 Prof.HEB »IvmrlUs« (ooat'd) Prof. Nuguld Deputy CoaniajcLonar Philippine Atomic Energy CoirnLss Manila. Wise Aerospace Corporation P. 0. J. Connectisu. Maryland 21215 Mr-. The Pennsylvania State University P. of Engr. Vlto Salerno Applied Technology Aosoc. of Aero. Maryland 20910 Prof. C. K. Astro. H. Ordnance Research Lab. Bollard Chairmen. Haifa. Virginia 23607 Mr. New Jersey 07W*6 Library Services Department Report Section. Mechanics Stanford University Stanford.. California 0A305 Prof. »tadd Building Hev Tork. 0. H. Maryland 20910 Research and Development Electric Beat Dlvlsian General Dynamics Corporation Oroton. B. Naval Postgraduate School Monterey. Oraanspon J. Seamark Dept. Texas 76657 Dr. Junger Cambridge Acoustical Associates 129 Mount Auburn Street Cambridge. New Maklflo 87115 Director Ship Researoh Institute Ministry of Transportation 700. Jr. of Ordnance Electric Beat Mwlaion SatMral Dynaadea Corporation Oroton. B. of la»lit« haahlngton. Box 111 Redlands. 1*720. C. Box 30 State College. California 939*0 Prof. n. Israel Prof. C. R. of Aero... Bills. C. 0. '■«abridge. Maryland 11501 Dr. Tyistraiskl Redstone Arsenal Raaaarch Div..ttrev. ll»-llt Argonne National Laboratory 9700 S. f. New York 11201 Prof. J. Washington 98I05 Prof. 1*650. of the Philippines University of Philippines Manila. Inc. L. R. Schwarzl Central Laboratory T. J. Webb Institute of Naval Arch. Rohm k Haas. Blag. Purdue University Lafayette. J. Texas 78206 .1*0 Dr. Illinois 61803 Dr. Aerojet-General Corporation P. r. S. Company HuntsviUe. Research Associates Soil Menlo Drive Baltimore. Erlngen School of Aerc. California 939*0 Dr. Bleich Lmpartmantof Civil fagr. Indlanu W907 IionibCry1 4 ■-. A Engr. Engr. 4 Applied Sdimi California Institut« of Technology " " t. at Buffalo Buffalo. H. J.80C Oak Orove Drive Pasadena. Ross H. Connecticut 8631*0 Supervisor of Shipbuildiug. Tsuyoshl Hayashi Department of Aeronautics Feculty of Engineering University of Tokyo BUNKYO-KU Industry sad Besserer Institutes Mr. H. 8. R. Freudanthal Dopt. Research k Engr. S. 13lf Julianalaan Delft. Box 5u8 MeOraior. New York IOOO3 Dr. Dept. New York 11201 Prof. Univeralty of Illinois Urbana. of Structural Engr. Lre Oiv. Lewis Jet Propulsion laboratory 1*400 Oak . Thacher Allegaay Ball 1 stir Laboratory Karailaa Pbvder Company Cnavjmrlsjid. D. W. of Aero. S.P. H. Mechanics Stanford University Stanford. of Civil Engr. Oaorgo Sih Zejsjsrtawutt of Mechanics Lehigh University amthlstwan. Fagr. Jj Edmund Fltxgarsld Director. Ltd.

Cr DeHart Sdtfthwest Research Institute 8500 Culebra Road 'San Antonio.) Dr. Consulting Engr. California 9k02$ Dr. Texas 78206 Dr.illi—f !■■ iMMlililiii I Industry & Research Inst. 777 Third Ave. E. New York 10017 -9- .22nd Floor New York. L. Baron Paul Weidliiig^-^. . Thor Smith Stanford Research Institute Menlo Park. M. (cont'd.

ABSTRACT The Westerpaard method of crack analysis. oiaemrrivt MOTH (Typ* m —pm mm Research Rro. «r PAOM TA. MO.»OTA». •■ ACRORT DATS »•. IMPORT TITLE On the Westerraard Method of Crack Analysis 4. A VA H. The examples of a single line crack in an infinite plate owin? to biaxial tension and pure shear are discussed. The necessary modifications of the Westereaard method are derived from the complex potential formulation of Muskhelishvili.AOU. OP mmn March 1966 MT MMMORAffi) Nonr-6l0(06) A MNOJOCTNO. C. No. is shown to be invalid for a class of crack problems dealing with the infinite medium with cracks under applied loads at infinity. G. n. published almost thirty years ago.. tu. MO.ITV/LMMTATICM MOTKU Reproduction in whole or in part is permitted by the United States Government. MWRT MCUMTTT c UMWMtHII I. DD I JAN «4 14/W Unclassified Security ClaooJficatloa . ! Unclassified DOCUMENT CONTROL DATA • R4D »mmUt •fun«. ORIAIRATIM« ACTIVITY (C»n Department of Mechanics Lehigh University ■- Unclassified tft. TARY NOT» It.IROMSORIMO MILITARY ACTIVITY Office of Naval Research II. 1 • A tfHRRRfMOMT MOfQ <*«r < NR-06^-l76 10. AuTMOAO) (U»t MM Bmtt kMtm) Sih. Distribution of this document is unlimited.lect I. «neu«» ».

Barking la to be 1M accord(3) "U. trade name. REPORT SECUWTY CLAÄHFICATSON: Eater tha ovar(2) " foreign anmnwnrnmsst and Ma a ami nation of this all security clasaiffccette« of the report. 7b. report bom DDC " 2a. DDC Other qualified a ear a 3. 10. ahow rank and branch of service. the suggested length ia from 150 to 22S words. whan nppltraato. month. ft. If military. Tltla« la all caeec ateald be wwcUawiflaw» II a w*«nl«ao>i tltla caaawt ha selected withe«* dneeiftca(5) M AU du«wltioa of this raport la controlled. fitret aam«. lainiiai of p*-=» cooxatotog tafornaCioo. year. 5. e.ART NOTE«: Uae (or additional eapli tory notes.. tee* mmxxu. Tha name of tha principal «uthor ia an absolute «lauaaai requiinmeat 6. alao entar thia «■befi. REPORT DATE: Enter tha data of tha raport aa day. using standard statements sach aa: of the contractor. ABtTBACT Sntor an abstract giving a brief and foctoal ■—nry of tha document tedieatrre of the raport. progress. Ul 1L SUPPLEMENT. military prefect came naaia. mlcVfle Initial. * npnai la* an» obtain eaplec of anc« with appropriate »acsrtty ragwletlotsn. (M). 13.ewtms when covered. GROUP: Automatic flomngi i«11 ag.Katar tha complete report tfeto to all capital letters. La.indicate wNethwr raport by DDC to net "Restricted Data" la kndnded. ftd. asUstarfehtnto oepiee of thto Ued. 9a. NUMBER OF RnTBRSNCB* Eater aha total reference» cited t» tha report. 7a. other than thooe furnish«* to tha Office of Technical of reowaarca..g. or month. Denartsnswt of Defence activity or other org«nis»tio« (cotpormt* author) issuing (1) "Qualified renunntnrs may obtain copies of this tha raport. CONTRACT OR GRANT NUMBER: If appropriate.Unclassi^ied Security Classification 14 KEY WOStDS LINK A KOLI LINK • NOLI LINK C ^racture mechanics Cracks Plane extension INSTRUCTIONS 1. Sa. ot (V) There is ne limitation on the length of (he abstract. DD FORM 1 JAN «4 1473 (BACK) ''nclassi^ici Security Clnuification . Alao.10 and Arssad ftrcee Industrie! iOaaoaL Entar tha group number. ttaaWttwaal space U required. temV cat* thia fact and «hnprlee. TOTAL NUMBER Of PAGES: Tha total pea» coal should follow OMUUU paginationprucanmroa. lb. amen aa project number. IX SPONSORING BUXTART ACTOTTT: Enter tha name of the 4*pmtmamtai prefect office or laboratory apoanoriag (par ini for) the raaaantb ami awvdesaMwL Include addreee. PROJECT NUMBER: Enter the appropriate military department idmtttific atiom. AUTHOR(S): EnteT tha oamo(s) af authoKs) aa ahowa on or In tha report. ma data of publication. to specified in DoD Dituroogh rective 5200. Tbia number must be unique te tula report. DESCRIPTIVE NOTE» If raport. Entar last name.. Interim. Qualtlon. «now tüle dasaificatien In aU capital» In parenthesis ified DDC awara shall request through Immediately following tha title. show that optional marking» hava baan used for Group 3 and Group 4 aa author* (4) "V. REPORT TITLE. 14. KEY WORDS: Key words are technically meaningful terma or short phrases that characterise a raport and may be used ss index sowie« for cataloging Ate report Key werde meet be selected »a met no «ecurtty classification to required Identifiers. represented aa (TM). enter under which the applicable wmber of tha contract or tha raport waa written. The «sstgnmittt of ltoka. such aa «mapmsnt modal dealenatlen. ORIGINATOR'S REPORT NUwBER(B> Entar the official raport number by which the document will be identified and controlled by the originating activity. ft.i. aury he used as key word« hat wiU be feUoerad by an todicatlnn of techoscal context. 9b. aubprojact number «yatem mamlims. y teem DDC Other qualified DDC thia 26. y*ar> If more than one en tha report. etc. 8c. ORIGINATING ACTIVITY: Eat« the name md «ddrwi impoaed by security daaaiflcation. Give tha ind serve. awsemMgdc loewtsno. (C). a continuation sheet ahall k to highly desirable that the ebstract of elessifted reports (nwjlawaifwid Aneh jMmgMpn of the abstract shall «md with am indication of the military security clanerflcarion of the information to the paragraph. AVAIL ABlLTTT/LUCTATIOll NOTICE* Enter any lfabltstlons on fartbar dissemination of the raport. rnlaa. Bowever. grantee. sod wnights la optional. 4. a. even though It matt aJno appear «ieewham in the body of the technical repert. subcontractor. for sals to (he public. OTHER REPORT NUmBEmYS): SI the report has bann esslgnod any other raport wambara Odffter »r the arf4*n*ror or by the mpottmor).

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful