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SKY65050-372LF: 0.45-6.0 GHz Low Noise Transistor
Wireless infrastructure: WLAN, WiMAX, broadband, cellular base stations Test instrumentation LNA for GPS receivers Satellite receivers
Externally matched for wideband operation Noise Figure = 0.45 dB @ 2.4 GHz of device only Noise Figure = 0.65 dB @ 2.4 GHz including matching network loss Gain = 15.5 dB @ 2.4 GHz OIP3 = +23.5 dBm @ 2.4 GHz, VDD = 3 V, IDD = 20 mA P1dB = +10.5 dBm @ 2.4 GHz, VDD = 3 V, IDD = 20 mA Adjustable supply current, 5 to 55 mA Small, SC-70 (4-pin, 2.20 x 1.35 x 1.10 mm) package (MSL3, 260 C per JEDEC J-STD-020)
Figure 1. SKY65050-372LF Block Diagram
The SKY65050-372LF is a high performance, n-channel lownoise transistor. The device is fabricated from Skyworks advanced depletion mode pHEMT process and is provided in a 2.20 x 1.35 x 1.10 mm, 4-pin SC-70 package. The transistor’s low Noise Figure (NF), high gain, and excellent 3rd Order Intercept Point (IP3) allow the device to be used in various receiver and transmitter applications. A functional block diagram is shown in Figure 1. The pin configuration and package are shown in Figure 2. Signal pin assignments and functional pin descriptions are provided in Table 1.
Figure 2. SKY65050-372LF Pinout – 4-Pin SC-70 (Top View)
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200967F • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice • November 12, 2009 1
Pin # 3 4 Name SOURCE GATE Description Source lead. Provides DC self-biasing point and AC ground.5 dB typical is achieved using the same circuit. C2. and input and output return loss. the source voltage becomes biased above DC ground. Provides DC self-biasing point and AC ground. To eliminate the need for a negative DC supply. which creates the desired negative VGS value. high frequency applications. self-biasing should be used when a resistor is placed between one of the source leads and ground. A bypass capacitor should be placed in parallel to this resistor to provide an RF ground and to ensure performance remains unchanged at the operating frequency. the SKY65050-372LF can be used for many applications from 450 MHz up to 6 GHz.com 2 November 12. and L2 shown in Figures 12 and 13 provide the necessary impedance match for NF and input return loss. This simplifies the design by eliminating the need for a second DC supply. Requires external matching network for optimum performance. Skyworks Solutions. Requires external matching network for optimum performance. If the frequency of operation is lowered to the 1 GHz range. NF performance of the device can approach 0. RF input. L1. A gain of 15. while maintaining proper stability. VGS must be biased with a negative voltage supply. The network was designed using de-embedded s.65 dB tested at the 2. • Phone  376-3000 • Fax  376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc. The device typically achieves the best noise performance at VDS = 3 V and IDSS = 15 mA. De-embedded scattering and noise parameters are provided in addition to typical circuit topologies for commonly used frequency bands. With an appropriate circuit. The schematic shows the recommended RF matching network used for the 2. Biasing To properly bias a depletion mode pHEMT. When current flows from drain to source and through the resistor. To control IDS. The SKY65050-372LF has a typical NF of 0.4 GHz wireless LAN frequency band.and n-parameters. Optimal noise performance is attained when the impedance presented to the input of the amplifier is equal to its minimum NF impedance point. 2009 • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice • 200967F . RF Matching Networks The SKY65050-372LF Evaluation Board assembly diagram is shown in Figure 12 and a circuit schematic is provided in Figure 13. Supply voltage required through external RF choke. Components C5 and L3 are placed on the opposing source lead and are used to tune the transistor’s source inductance. Table 2. the device is in a saturated state and draws the maximum amount of current.skyworksinc. C3. IDSS.DATA SHEET • SKY65050-372LF LOW NOISE TRANSISTOR Table 1. SKY65050-372LF Signal Descriptions Pin # 1 2 Name SOURCE DRAIN Description Source lead. The gate pin of the device should be left unbiased at 0 V. Self-Biasing Resistors Resistor Value (Ω) 130 47 27 20 15 10 Drain Current (mA) 5 10 15 20 25 30 Functional Description The SKY65050-372LF is a depletion mode pHEMT designed for low noise. both the gate and drain of the device must be properly biased. RF output. Inc. Components C1. The compact SC-70 package makes the SKY65050-372LF an ideal low noise and low cost solution. It is critical to minimize RF trace lengths and to use high-Q components to achieve optimal NF performance. Components R2 and C14 provide self biasing for the device and RF grounding for one of the two source leads. Table 2 provides the resistor values used to properly bias the SKY65050-372LF. The circuit was primarily tuned for gain.com • www.5 dB including input matching network losses.4 GHz wireless LAN frequency band. Circuit board and input matching structure losses on the input of the amplifier directly add to the overall NF of the amplifier. At VGS = 0 V and VDS ≥ 2 V. NF.
0 –5. Industry-standard ESD precautions should be used at all times. The output matching topology is typical for an RF transistor. SKY65050-372LF Recommended Operating Conditions Parameter Supply voltage Supply current VDD IDD Symbol Minimum 2 5 Typical 3 20 Maximum 5 55 Units V mA Skyworks Solutions.0 55 100 240 150 –65 –40 +125 +85 C C Exposure to maximum rating conditions for extended periods may reduce device reliability. • Phone  376-3000 • Fax  376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc. which can discharge without detection. Component L3 is the RF choke that prevents RF signals from reaching the DC supply.skyworksinc.com 200967F • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice • November 12. This device must be protected at all times from ESD. Too much source inductance decreases high frequency stability and gain. Table 4.com • www. Performance characteristics for the SKY65050-372LF are illustrated in Figures 3 through 11. SKY65050-372LF Absolute Maximum Ratings Parameter Input power Output power Drain source voltage Gate to source voltage Gate to drain voltage Drain current Gate current Power dissipation Channel temperature Storage temperature Operating temperature Note: Symbol PIN POUT VDS VGS VGD IDS IGS PDIS TCHAN TSTG TOP Minimum Typical Maximum +10 +20 Units dBm dBm V V V mA μA mW C 6. The recommended operating conditions are specified in Table 4 and electrical specifications are provided in Table 5. but increases in-band stability. There is no damage to device with only one parameter set at the limit and all other parameters set at or below their nominal value. Static charges may easily produce potentials of several kilovolts on the human body or equipment. 2009 3 . but at the cost of decreased in-band stability. It is very important to find the optimum tuning of source inductance that balances all of these variables. CAUTION: Although this device is designed to be as robust as possible. Electrical and Mechanical Specifications The absolute maximum ratings of the SKY65050-372LF are provided in Table 3. Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) can damage this device. Table 3.DATA SHEET • SKY65050-372LF LOW NOISE TRANSISTOR The effect of source inductance varies with frequency. Exceeding any of the limits listed here may result in permanent damage to the device. Components C10 and C11 improve output return loss and 3rd Order Output Intercept Point (OIP3) performance.0 –5. Too little source inductance increases gain and high frequency stability. Component C4 is the DC blocking capacitor. Inc.
Input RF connector. 2009 • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice • 200967F . IDD = 20 mA. gM = ΔIDS/ΔVGS. ΔF = 1 MHz. Unless Otherwise Noted) 60 0V 18 17 50 40 –0. IDS = 2.com 4 November 12.80 80 Max 70 –0.5 +23.4 GHz @ 2.7 V 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 VDS (V) Frequency (MHz) Figure 3. measured at IDS = 20 % of IDSS VGD = VGS = –3 V @ 2.4 GHz @ 2.4 GHz Matching Network.5% of IDSS VDS = 2 V.4 GHz @ 2. Characteristic Impedance [ZO] = 50 Ω. Small Signal Gain vs Frequency. Unless Otherwise Noted) Parameter Saturated drain current Pinchoff voltage Transconductance Symbol IDSS VP gM Test Condition VDS = 2 V. Inc. @ 2. VDD = 3 V.4 GHz Unconditionally stable.6 V –0. Typical Performance Characteristics (TOP = +25 C. Operation at elevated temperatures may reduce reliability of the device.4 V –0.4 GHz POUT = –10 dBm/tone. and input matching network loss de-embedded from measurement.4 GHz Min 40 –0.4 GHz @ 2. VGS = 0 V VDS = 2 V. SKY65050-372LF Electrical Specifications (Note 1) (TOP = +25 C.85 μA dB dB Gain Input return loss Output return loss Reverse isolation 3 Order Output Intercept Point 3rd Order Input Intercept Point 1 dB Output Compression Point 1 dB Input Compression Point Stability rd |S21| |S11| |S22| |S12| OIP3 IIP3 OP1dB IP1dB K @ 2.5 dB dB dB dB dBm dBm dBm dBm – Note 1: Performance is guaranteed only under the conditions listed in this Table and is not guaranteed over the full operating or storage temperature ranges. Input RF connector and board loss de-embedded from measurement.65 200 0.5 14 22. @ 2.4 GHz POUT = –10 dBm/tone.95 40 Typical 55 –0.3 V –0. Includes a 2.5 15. PIN = –20 dBm Skyworks Solutions.5 V 20 10 –0. • Phone  376-3000 • Fax  376-3100 • email@example.com 120 Units mA V mS Gate leakage current Noise Figure IGSS NF1 (Note 2) NF2 (Note 3) 1 0. Note 3: NF of device and matching network.5 18.skyworksinc. ΔF = 1 MHz. IDD = 20 mA.40 0.5 +8 +10. Note 2: NF of device only.com • www.4 GHz Matching Network. board. Parameters Include a 2.2 V Small Signal Gain (dB) –0.4 GHz @ 2.1 V 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 1800 IDS (mA) 30 –0.5 –4 >1 17. DC – 18 GHz 13. VDD = 3 V. Typical IV Curves Figure 4.DATA SHEET • SKY65050-372LF LOW NOISE TRANSISTOR Table 5. Characteristic Impedance [ZO] = 50 Ω.
Input RF Connector and Board Loss De-Embedded From Measurement 16.5 Minimum NF (dB) 1.0 0.5 0.com 200967F • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice • November 12.8 0.5 11.6 20 18 16 13.1 0 2300 2350 2400 2450 2500 Frequency (MHz) Frequency (MHz) Figure 7.0 1.8 0. PIN = –20 dBm Figure 6.2 0.7 Output Return Loss (dB) –6 –8 –10 –12 –14 –16 –18 –20 1800 Noise Figure (dB) 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 0.4 0.9 0. Output Return Loss vs Frequency.skyworksinc.8 1.0 1. PIN = –20 dBm 0 –2 –4 1.0 11.0 15.5 10.0 –20 –18 –16 –14 –12 –10 –8 –6 –4 –2 0 +2 0. NF vs Frequency.0 12.com • www.0 14. F = 2.6 0. IDD = 15 mA Skyworks Solutions. • Phone  376-3000 • Fax  376-3100 • firstname.lastname@example.org 1.4 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 10. PIN = –20 dBm Figure 8.DATA SHEET • SKY65050-372LF LOW NOISE TRANSISTOR 0 –5 –10 0 –5 –10 Input Return Loss (dB) –15 –20 –25 –30 –35 –40 –45 –50 1800 Reverse Isolation (dB) 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 –15 –20 –25 –30 –35 –40 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 Frequency (MHz) Frequency (MHz) Figure 5.2 0 Input Power (dBm) Frequency (GHz) Figure 9.0 0.6 0.5 14. Gain vs Input Power.5 15. Input Return Loss vs Frequency. 2009 5 Associated Gain (dB) Gain (dB) 13.0 2.3 0. Reverse Isolation vs Frequency. Inc.4 14 .4 GHz Figure 10. Minimum NF and Associated Gain vs Frequency.5 12.
0 Minimum Noise Figure (dB) 15. whether it is done manually or in a production solder reflow environment.4 GHz Evaluation Board Description The SKY65050-372LF Evaluation Board is used to test the performance of the SKY65050-372LF low noise transistor. Discrete Devices and IC Switch/Attenuators Tape and Reel Package Orientation. Package Dimensions The PCB layout footprint for the SKY65050-372LF is shown in Figure 14. The board is populated for 2.0 12. Step 2: Connect DC ground. THE SKY65050-372LF is rated to Moisture Sensitivity Level 3 (MSL3) at 260 C.0 1. Step 4: Apply RF signal or noise source and verify performance detailed in Table 5.4 GHz operation and contains a separate probe footprint for general device testing or source and load pull characterization. For packaging details.com • www. RF input and output traces are 50 Ω. it is baked and vacuum packed before shipping. The board is provisioned with two RF connectors and a 3-pin DC launch. Table 6 provides the Bill of Materials (BOM) list for Evaluation Board components.5 10. The RF connector and board loss up to component C1 is approximately 0.15 dB at 2. • Phone  376-3000 • Fax  376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc. Board material is 10 mil thick VT47 FR4 with 1 oz. problems related to moisture absorption may occur when the part is subjected to high temperature during solder assembly. Otherwise.6 1.0 2. and tape and reel dimensions are provided in Figure 17.0 22. The Evaluation Board schematic diagram is shown in Figure 13.4 0. Instructions on the shipping container label regarding exposure to moisture after the container seal is broken must be followed. F = 2.0 7. 2009 • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice • 200967F Associated Gain (dB) 17. Step 3: Connect VDD to a +3 V supply with a current limit of 60 mA.5 0 Drain Current (mA) Figure 11.8 1.4 1.2 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 25. Production quantities of this product are shipped in a standard tape and reel format. It can be used for lead or lead-free soldering.6 0. Care must be taken when attaching this product.5 20. An assembly drawing for the Evaluation Board is shown in Figure 12.2 1. Package dimensions for the 4-pin SC-70 are shown in Figure 16. Package and Handling Information Since the device package is sensitive to moisture absorption.DATA SHEET • SKY65050-372LF LOW NOISE TRANSISTOR 2. Inc.8 0. Evaluation Board Test Procedure Step 1: Connect RF test equipment to amplifier input/output SMA connectors.5 . Verify that the board draws approximately 20 mA. refer to the Skyworks Application Note.4 GHz. copper cladding. Minimum NF and Associated Gain vs Drain Current. document number 200083.com 6 November 12. Skyworks Solutions. Typical case markings are shown in Figure 15.skyworksinc.0 0.5 5.
skyworksinc. • Phone  376-3000 • Fax  376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc. Inc. 2009 • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice • 200967F .com 7 November 12.DATA SHEET • SKY65050-372LF R2 C15 C14 C2 C1 L1 C4 L3 C7 C5 C6 R1 C8 C10 C12 L2 C3 L4 C9 L5 C11 C13 OUT VDD S1410 Figure 12. SKY65050-372LF Evaluation Board Assembly Diagram Skyworks Solutions.com • www.
8 nH 1000 pF 1000 pF 1. SKY65050-372LF Evaluation Board Schematic Table 6.2 nH 0. are accurate as of the date of this Data Sheet.com 8 November 12. however. Component values. Inc. C13 C5 C6 C9 C10 C11 C12 C14 C15 L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 R1 R2 20 pF 8.5 pF 3.2 nH 20 Ω 0402 0402 0402 0402 0402 0402 0402 0402 0402 0402 0402 0402 0402 0402 0402 Murata GRM Murata GRM Murata GRM Murata GJM TDK MLG TDK MLG Murata GRM Murata GRM Murata GJM Coilcraft CS TDK MLG Panasonic Panasonic TDK MLG Panasonic Value 0402 0402 0402 Size Manufacturer/Part Series Murata GJM Coilcraft CS Murata GJM Skyworks Solutions. • Phone  376-3000 • Fax  376-3100 • email@example.com pF 0.com • www.6 nH 3Ω 0Ω 2. C7. C8.1 pF DNP 1000 pF 10 pF 1.3 nH 1.skyworksinc.DATA SHEET • SKY65050-372LF LOW NOISE TRANSISTOR C9 L5 C10 C11 RF Output L4 C1 L2 L1 C2 C4 R1 R2 C5 C6 Note: Some component labels may be different than the corresponding component symbol shown here.3 nH 6. SKY65050-372LF (SC-70 Package) Evaluation Board Bill of Materials Component C1 C2 C3 C4. as noted in Table 6. C12 C8 C3 C7 L3 C14 C15 RF Input VDD S1406 Figure 13. 2009 • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice • 200967F .2 pF 3.
750 4X 0. Typical Part Markings Skyworks Solutions. Inc.650 Package Outline 4X 0. 2009 9 .DATA SHEET • SKY65050-372LF LOW NOISE TRANSISTOR Exposed Solder Areas (Hatched Areas) 0.822 S1408 Figure 14.400 0.450 3X 0. SKY65050-372LF PCB Layout Footprint Skyworks Part Number 3 4 50 2 1 Top View (Die Down) 2 1 LOT # 3 4 Bottom View (Die Up) Figure 15.com 200967F • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice • November 12.650 All dimensions are in millimeters 0.com • www.skyworksinc.500 0. • Phone  376-3000 • Fax  376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.
5 0.DATA SHEET • SKY65050-372LF LOW NOISE TRANSISTOR 1.700 0.skyworksinc.80/1.10/0. • Phone  376-3000 • Fax  376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc. 2009 • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice • 200967F .10 A Pin 1 0.40 0.65 0.80/2.20 0.575/0.30 0.10 0.com • www.40 1.10 A Dimensioning and tolerancing according to ASME Y14.00/0.15/0.80/2.10/0.18 0.15/1.35 Pin 1 0.30 1. Inc.10/0. All measurements are in millimeters S1409 Figure 16.80/1.5M-1994. SKY65050-372LF 4-Pin SC-70 Package Dimensions Skyworks Solutions.00 0.65 0.com 10 November 12.
10 (Ao) A Notes: 1. SKY65050-372LF Tape and Reel Dimensions Skyworks Solutions.05 1. Ten sprocket hole pitch cumulative tolerance ±0.40 mm width. Carrier tape: black conductive polystyrene.05 R0.00 ± 0.00 Min. 2.DATA SHEET • SKY65050-372LF LOW NOISE TRANSISTOR 4. Figure 17. All measurements are in millimeters.com • www.skyworksinc.30 ± 0.10 4.75 ± 0. 4. Cover tape material: transparent conductive HSA.30/–0. 2. • Phone  376-3000 • Fax  376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc. ∅1.com 200967F • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice • November 12.00 (Note 4) ∅1.20 ± 0.00 2.10 (Ko) B 2.70 ± 0.00 ± 0.50+ 0. 2009 11 3.10 S1620 A A B Pin 1 location B 0.25 ± 0.00 +0. 3.30 Typ.10 1.20 mm. Cover tape size: 5.50 ± 0. 5.05 .10/–0. Inc.10 (Bo) 8.
OR OTHERWISE. and “Breakthrough Simplicity” are trademarks or registered trademarks of Skyworks Solutions. Skyworks customers using or selling Skyworks products for use in such applications do so at their own risk and agree to fully indemnify Skyworks for any damages resulting from such improper use or sale. GRAPHICS OR OTHER ITEMS CONTAINED WITHIN THESE MATERIALS. reproduction or use of Skyworks products. lifesaving or life-sustaining applications. Third-party brands and names are for identification purposes only. LOST REVENUES OR LOST PROFITS THAT MAY RESULT FROM THE USE OF THE MATERIALS OR INFORMATION. including the sale. WHETHER EXPRESS. whether express. No license. which may deviate from published specifications as a result of design defects. All Rights Reserved. incompatibilities.skyworksinc. SKYWORKS SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES. physical or environmental damage. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY SPECIAL. without notice. in the United States and other countries.skyworksinc. Additional information. Customers are responsible for their products and applications using Skyworks products. Customers should include design and operating safeguards to minimize these and other risks. Skyworks assumes no liability for applications assistance. distribution. Inc. MERCHANTABILITY. and are the property of their respective owners. are provided by Skyworks as a service to its customers and may be used for informational purposes only by the customer. customer product design. TEXT. implied. Skyworks Solutions. PRODUCTS AND INFORMATION ARE PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. THE MATERIALS. or damage to any equipment resulting from the use of Skyworks products outside of stated published specifications or parameters. IMPLIED. is granted to any intellectual property rights by this document.com • www. INDIRECT. Skyworks assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions in these materials or the information contained herein. Skyworks may change its documentation. Skyworks. death. 2009 • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice • 200967F . errors. QUALITY OR NON-INFRINGEMENT OF ANY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHT. by estoppel or otherwise. or other equipment in which the failure of the Skyworks products could lead to personal injury. including relevant terms and conditions. (“Skyworks”) products or services.DATA SHEET • SKY65050-372LF LOW NOISE TRANSISTOR Ordering Information Model Name SKY65050-372LF Low Noise Transistor Manufacturing Part Number SKY65050-372LF (Pb-free and Green package) Evaluation Board Part Number SKY65050-372LF (2400 MHz) Copyright © 2008. information or materials. posted at www. INCLUDING FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE.com 12 November 12. INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION. SKYWORKS DOES NOT WARRANT THE ACCURACY OR COMPLETENESS OF THE INFORMATION. OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES. These materials. including the information contained herein. Information in this document is provided in connection with Skyworks Solutions. Skyworks makes no commitment to update the materials or information and shall have no responsibility whatsoever for conflicts. PERFORMANCE. specifications or product descriptions at any time. WHETHER OR NOT THE RECIPIENT OF MATERIALS HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. STATUTORY. Inc. are incorporated by reference. or other difficulties arising from any future changes. services. Skyworks products are not intended for use in medical. the Skyworks symbol.. ALL SUCH WARRANTIES ARE HEREBY EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMED. 2009 Skyworks Solutions. INCIDENTAL. STATUTORY. Skyworks assumes no liability for any materials. except as may be provided in Skyworks Terms and Conditions of Sale. Inc.com. • Phone  376-3000 • Fax  376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc. products or information provided hereunder. products. or operation of products outside of published parameters or design specifications. Inc.
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