This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
4 December: The Joplin Jaycees’ 42nd Annual Christmas Parade 15 December: Wreaths Across America Ceremony 5-6 January, 2013: Training Leaders of Cadets/Squadron Leadership School— Sedalia, MO 26 January, 2013: Commanders Call— Jefferson City, MO
Col. Travis Hoover Composite Squadron Newsletter
Volume 1, Issue 7 October 27, 2012
Supersonic Flight Without An Aircraft
Article Submitted By: Major Bill Knotts On Sunday, 14 Oct 2012, Austrian skydiver Felix Baumgartner became the first human to break the sound barrier without a vehicle like an aircraft or spacecraft. He also set a new record for the highest altitude to jump from a balloon. The altitude was more than 24 miles or 128,100 feet above the earth, free-falling 119,846 feet, and reaching a speed of Mach 1.24 or 833.9 MPH. His team included the previous world altitude recorder holder for a jump from a balloon, (then) Air Force Capt Joe Kittinger, who, in 1960, jumped from 19.5 miles and reached a speed of 614 MPH. 2. escape from burning highrise buildings popular in cities of his era. Early parachutes were packed in a container attached to a balloon or aircraft. A harness was worn that had to be attached to the parachute prior to jumping. Parachutes were NOT issued to Allied WWI aviators (except balloonist). The government was of the opinion that, given a parachute, pilots would jump rather than fight. Early parachutes were cotton with leather harnesses. Silk was used after it became cheaply available prior to WW II, but during WW II, silk supplies diminished and nylon was used instead, proving to be stronger and more durable than silk or cotton. Prior to WW II, parachutes were often a part of death defying air shows. Parachutist often became as famous as actresses and singers today. Most famous was “Tiny Broderick”, a young woman of about 5 feet in height. Immediately prior to WW II, the U.S. Army began developing a method of deploying troops in mass tactical parachute jumps. Parachutes were used to drop equipment to unconventional warfare units behind enemy lines. Incidents of pilots of high speed aircraft hitting the tail surfaces during high speed bailouts prompted design of ejection seats, now standard in most high speed aircraft. Early “sport” parachutes were simply military surplus emergency parachutes, later modified with Derry slots and cut out panels for control and forward speed. The Derry slot was simply a slot cut into the aft portion of a panel. A control line allowed it to be opened or closed; by opening one and closing its opposite side, a slow turn was made. It was used primarily by early “smoke jumpers”. A Rogollo Flex Wing or Delta Wing was originally designed for military use in pinpoint delivery of air cargo and space vehicles. This led to the development of current “ram air” or “mattress” airfoil type high performance parachutes. The modern air foil type flying wing parachute was initially plagued with many problems and took about 10 - 15 years of testing and refinements to arrive at today’s dependable parachute. At altitudes below about 20,000 feet, the fastest a standard sized human in a stable, arms/legs extended position will fall is approximately 120 MPH. It takes about 10 seconds to reach this (terminal) velocity, starting from 0 MPH. Continued On Page 2
Inside this issue: Aerospace Educa- 2 tion Corner: USAF Fighter Update
Supersonic Flight Without An Aircraft (Continued) Squadron Members Attend 2012 Missouri Wing Conference Aviation in Wild Land Fire Fighting
Felix Baumbartner’s Record Jump
Fitness Goals Cele- 3 bration Event: National Guard Simunitions
Information collected during the jump will be valuable in improving bailout/ejection and escape equipment and techniques for future high altitude aircraft and spacecraft. Some information or trivia about parachutes you may not know: 1. Leonardo De Vivinci designed a rigid, pyramid shaped parachute to use in
Safety Brief: Driving Safely In The Fog
Col. Travis Hoover Composite Squadron Newsletter
Aerospace Education Corner: USAF Fighter Update
Article Submitted By: Capt Ernie Trumbly This month’s AE article updates readers on our nation's two newest fighters - the F-22 Raptor and the F-35 Lightning II. A total of 195 F-22s have been produced - of these, 187 are operational aircraft with the remaining eight being test airframes. (Raptor production ended last year and the assembly line has been disassembled.) Recent testing of the Raptor involved the AIM-9X Sidewinder air-to-air missile (AAM.) The first launch of this weapon occurred in May 2012 while the first supersonic launch of the AIM-9X occurred on July 30th. The AIM-9X is the USAFs 'latest and greatest' Infra -red guided AAM. You can view this weapon in the Aerospace Leaning Center. Regarding the F-35, a total of 30 airframes have now been produced - of these, 16 are operational aircraft and the remaining 14 are test airframes. When all is 'said and done,' a total production run of over 4,000 aircraft is expected. However, there have been so many cost over runs and even setbacks, that this figure may change many times before production comes to an end. The extremely high cost of this aircrafts' development has prodded some to call for its termination! However, production, and testing, continues at a rapid pace. Deliveries of the first airframes to export customers have been made and Japan has recently become one of the latest country's to select the aircraft for its air force Meanwhile, recent testing with the F-35 also involves armament. Earlier this year, an F35A flew the first external weapons test mission. Two AiM-9X AAMs were carried under the wings along with four weapons pylons - each capable of carrying a 2,000 lb bomb. The aircraft also carried an AIM-120 AMRAAM and a 2,000 lb GBU-31 satelliteguided bomb internally. A few days later, an F-35B carried the same external load along with a 25mm cannon pod. A short while later, the GBU-31 was ground drop tested in preparation for the first air drop test which finally occurred on the 8th of August. Asymmetrical load testing with this same external load configuration was also carried out in early summer. Learn about weapon racks and pylons, as well as aircraft cannons, in the Aerospace Learning Center. CAP cadets of today may be flying either of these two stealth aircraft if they join the military forces as fighter pilots! Remember, education is the key to becoming a pilot!
F-35 Lightning II
Supersonic Flight Without An Aircraft (Continued)
16. High Altitude/Low Opening (HALO) is used to insert small teams behind enemy lines, usually for Special Ops missions. 17. Rather than simply falling, a person in freefall can spin. turn, loop, roll, and move forward in excess of 120 MPH horizontal by using different body positions. 18. Powered parachutes can be flown as Light Sport Aircraft. 19. A duel harness system has been developed so two persons can freefall using one large main parachute (and a reserve, of course). 20. In the event of a parachute malfunction, the main parachute is usually discarded(cut-away) so thereserve parachute can open without fear of entangling with the malfunctioning main. 21. In the event the reserve parachute fails to open, save the Bill of Sale for a complete or partial refund.
Back on Earth
Squadron Members Attend 2012 Missouri Wing Conference
The 2012 Missouri Wing Conference was held at the Capitol Plaza Hotel in Jefferson City on the weekend of 19-21 October. Several of our members attended including C/Capt Kyle Adams, C/Capt Caleb Rouse, C/2dLt Gideon Horn, C/CMSgt Josiah Horn, and 1st Lt Jered Horn, who all helped staff the event. Others that attended were: C/2dLt Sam Russell, C/ SSgt Noah Murdock, Capt Perry Workman, 2dLt Stephanie Workman, and 2dLt Susan Murdock. C/2dLt Gideon Horn came away with the 2012 Cadet Junior Officer of the Year Award. Visit: https://sites.google.com/ a/mowgcap.org/2012-wingconference-event-page to see pictures of the event.
2012 Junior Officer of the Year: C/2dLt Gideon Horn
Volume 1, Issue 4
Aviation in Wild Land Firefighting
Article Submitted By: 2dLt Levi Clymer Wild land fire aviation includes a variety of aircraft and operations. Helicopters are used to drop water, to transport crews, to fly reconnaissance, for infrared scanning, and to deliver resources to the fire line. Fixed-wing aircraft include smokejumper aircraft, air tactical platforms, single engine air tankers (SEATs), large air tankers, and large transport aircraft. These aircraft play a critical role in supporting firefighters on the ground. Rotor wing aircraft have an advantage over fixed-wing aircraft with their maneuverability and hovering capabilities. Helicopters have to have a place to land, or a place to deliver their loads. A heli-base is a place where a helicopter can land and refuel. The heli-bases often have maintenance capabilities. A heli-spot is a more crude landing area that is usually used for drop off or pick up points. Missions are not often coordinated from heli-spots. Finally a drop point is simply an area for the helicopter to drop their payload. Helicopters used for fire are divided into three classifications. Type 3 helicopters are the smallest. They generally have a capacity of 100 gallons or less, have a payload of around 1200lbs, and can transport around 4 crew members. Some examples would be the Bell 206 Jetranger, and the AS350 Astar. These rotor wing crafts, generally, are used for reconnaissance missions.
Type 2 helicopters, or mediums, have around a 300 gallon capacity, payload of 2,600lbs, and can transport 8-14 crew. Examples are the UH1 Huey and the Bell 205 and 212. The medium helicopters are a general workhorse, transporting crew members, running reconnaissance, carrying loads on long or short lines, and carrying water.
Type 1 helicopters, or heavy aircraft, are the largest. They top the charts with a carry capacity of 700 gallons, 5000 lbs and over 14 persons. They include the Sikorsky S-64, S-58, and S-70 Firehawk (a civilian Blackhawk), and the Boeing 234. Primarily they will use these crafts for carrying large amounts of water. The water may be transported in a bucket on a line, or in a belly tank. They are also used for carrying loads and occasional crew transports.
“These aircraft play a critical role in supporting firefighters on the ground.”
Next time, we will talk about fixed wing aircraft.
Fitness Goals Celebration Event: National Guard Simunition®
We were excited to welcome several members from Springfield Regional Composite Squadron on Saturday, 13 October who not only added participants to our activity, but provided a rare opportunity to spend time with our Springfield friends. Simunition® is a Non-Lethal Training Ammunition activity similar to Paintball or Airsoft. The activity was conducted inside an inflatable battlefield which was setup in the unfinished addition at the First Baptist Church of Oronogo. Board games and food (grilled hamburgers & hot dogs) were also part of the event.
In celebration of most of our members accomplishing fitness goals set back in August, Capt Workman coordinated with the Missouri National Guard and Wing Headquarters to setup a Simunition® battlefield for CAP members to enjoy.
Cadet Programs, Emergency Services, Aerospace Education Squadron History: CIVIL AIR PATROL Our squadron is named after retired Air Force Col. Travis Hoover, one of the famous Doolittle Raiders who led the first U.S. retaliatory raid on Japan after the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor. Lt. Col. Jimmy Doolittle’s 79-member crew flew 16 Army Air Corps bombers off the deck of the aircraft carrier Hornet on April 18, 1942. They brought the United States into World War II by flying to Japan and bombing industrial targets in Tokyo — without enough fuel to safely reach landing strips in China. The raid inflicted little damage, but roused American spirits and proved that Japan was vulnerable to U.S. bombers. Hoover flew the second B-25 bomber behind Doolittle. When his plane ran out of fuel, he crash-landed the aircraft into a Japanese rice paddy. Hoover and his four crewmen survived the rough landing, and were met by Tung Sheng Liu, a Chinese aeronautical engineer who helped them evade Japanese troops and reach China. For his service in the historic raid, Hoover received the Distinguished Flying Cross.
Joplin Regional Airport Old Terminal Building Joplin, MO 64801 Phone: 417-529-5251 E-mail: email@example.com
Safety Brief: Driving Safely In The Fog
Article Submitted By: 2dLt Stephanie Workman
Autumn is in full swing in southwest Missouri. It is a beautiful time of year. You’ve probably noticed the spectacular colors of the changing leaves and some brisk temperatures in the mornings. You may have also noticed some mornings blanketed in fog. While these kinds of mornings may offer a photographic opportunity, they certainly can produce some challenges when it comes to driving. Driving in fog is like driving with a blindfold on. Statistically, it is the most dangerous driving hazard in existence. While it is best to stay off the road or get off the road until the fog has lifted, there are some important safety tips that may help you navigate if you can’t or won’t alter your driving plans.
Turn on your low beam headlights. These offer the best visibility for you and for oncoming traffic. High beams will only reflect back off the fog and create poorer visibility. Turn off cruise control and reduce your speed. Keep an eye on your speedometer. Fog creates a visual illusion of slow motion. You may think you are going slower than you actually are. Allow more distance between vehicles. Increase your count distance by 5 seconds. Use windshield wipers and defrosters for maximum visibility. Turn off your radio and roll down your windows. This allows you to hear traffic and other noises you may need to be aware of. (Road noise from nearby vehicles, crashing vehicles ahead, etc.) Do not pass other vehicles. Use the white painted road markings or reflec-
tors on the right edge of the roadway as a guide. Avoid looking at the center yellow line. This may cause you to drift toward oncoming traffic. Never come to a complete stop in the roadway. If you need to stop, move as far to the right of the shoulder as you can. Better yet, continue to an exit and find a parking lot if at all possible. Solicit help from passengers that may be with you. Have them use their eyes and ears to help you navigate as well. Avoid sudden or abrupt movements. Stomping on the brakes may startle the driver behind you. He may not be able to stop as abruptly.
Again, choosing not to drive in foggy conditions is your safest option. When it is absolutely unavoidable, remember these safe driving tips. Enjoy the changing seasons and arrive at your destination safely.