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Dvayatanupassana Sutta
The Contemplation of Dualities
Translated from the Pali by Thanissaro Bhikkhu For free distribution only

I have heard that on one occasion the Blessed One was staying near Savatthi in the Eastern Monastery, the palace of Migara's mother. Now on that occasion -- the Uposatha day of the fifteenth, the full-moon night -- the Blessed One was sitting in the open air surrounded by the community of monks. Surveying the silent community of monks, he addressed them: "Monks, if there are any who ask, 'Your listening to teachings that are skillful, noble, leading onward, going to selfawakening is a prerequisite for what?' they should be told, 'For the sake of knowing qualities of dualities as they actually are.' 'What duality are you speaking about?' 'This is stress. This is the origination of stress': this is one contemplation. 'This is the cessation of stress. This is the path of practice leading to the cessation of stress': this is a second contemplation. For a monk rightly contemplating this duality in this way -- heedful, ardent, and resolute -- one of two fruits can be expected: either gnosis right here and now, or -- if there be any remnant of clinging-sustenance -- non-return." That is what the Blessed One said. Having said that, the One Wellgone, the Teacher, said further: Those who don't discern stress, what brings stress into play, and where it totally stops, without trace; who don't know the path, the way to the stilling of stress: lowly in their release of awareness and release of discernment, incapable of making an end, they’re headed to birth and aging.

the Teacher. 'There would. the way to the stilling of stress: consummate in their release of awareness and release of discernment. you shouldn't create acquisition as you contemplate birth as what brings stress into play. come from acquisition as their cause.non-return. they aren't headed to birth and aging. "Now. said further: The manifold stresses that come into play in the world. if there are any who ask. For a monk rightly contemplating this duality in this way -. and resolute -. The fool.one of two fruits can be expected: either gnosis right here and now. he comes to stress again and again. 'There would. if there are any who ask. the One Wellgone." That is what the Blessed One said. capable of making an end.' 'How would that be?' 'Whatever stress comes into play is all from ignorance as a requisite condition': this is one contemplation. 'Would there be the right contemplation of dualities in yet another way?' they should be told. Having said that.if there be any remnant of clingingsustenance -. "Now. and where it totally stops. discerning [this]. 'From the remainder-less fading and cessation of that very acquisition. or -.heedful. . ardent. 'From the remainder-less fading and cessation of that very ignorance.' 'How would that be?' 'Whatever stress comes into play is all from acquisition as a requisite condition': this is one contemplation. 'Would there be the right contemplation of dualities in yet another way?' they should be told. who discern the path. Therefore. without trace.2 But those who discern stress. Anyone not knowing [this] creates acquisition. there is no coming into play of stress': this is a second contemplation. what brings stress into play.

ardent. While beings immersed in clear knowing don't go to further becoming. said further: Any stress that comes into play is all from fabrication as a requisite condition. again and again. the Teacher.3 there is no coming into play of stress': this is a second contemplation. there is no stress coming into play. there is no coming into play of stress': this is a second contemplation.one of two fruits can be expected: either gnosis right here and now. that destination is simply through ignorance. Knowing this drawback -that stress comes from fabrication as a requisite condition -with the tranquilizing of all fabrication.if there be any remnant of clingingsustenance -. if there are any who ask. 'Would there be the right contemplation of dualities in yet another way?' they should be told. ardent. Having said that. the One Wellgone.non-return. . For a monk rightly contemplating this duality in this way -." That is what the Blessed One said. said further: Those who journey the wandering-on through birth and death. or -. Having said that. "Now. or -. and resolute -.heedful. With the cessation of fabrication.heedful.non-return. long time.one of two fruits can be expected: either gnosis right here and now.if there be any remnant of clingingsustenance -. 'From the remainder-less fading and cessation of that very fabrication. For a monk rightly contemplating this duality in this way -." That is what the Blessed One said. 'There would. in this state here or anywhere else.' 'How would that be?' 'Whatever stress comes into play is all from fabrication as a requisite condition': this is one contemplation. the One Wellgone. and resolute -. the Teacher. This ignorance is a great delusion whereby they have wandered-on a long.

Seeing rightly. 'From the remainder-less fading and cessation of that very contact." That is what the Blessed One said. 'Would there be the right contemplation of dualities in yet another way?' they should be told.if there be any remnant of clinging-sustenance -.heedful. 'From the remainder-less fading and cessation of that very consciousness.' 'How would that be?' 'Whatever stress comes into play is all from contact as a requisite condition': this is one contemplation. there is no coming into play of stress': this is a second contemplation. the monk free from hunger is totally unbound. the Teacher.4 with the stopping of perception: that’s how there is the ending of stress.non-return. the One Wellgone. For a monk rightly contemplating this duality in this way -. 'There would. Knowing this drawback -that stress comes from fabrication as a requisite condition -with the stilling of consciousness. said further: Any stress that comes into play is all from consciousness as a requisite condition. 'Would there be the right contemplation of dualities in yet another way?' they should be told. the wise -overcoming the fetter of Mara -go to no further becoming. an attainer-of-wisdom sees rightly. if there are any who ask.' 'How would that be?' 'Whatever stress comes into play is all from consciousness as a requisite condition': this is one contemplation. 'There would. there is no stress coming into play. With the cessation of consciousness. ardent. or -. "Now. Having said that.one of two fruits can be expected: either gnosis right here and now. Knowing this as it actually is. and resolute -. "Now. . if there are any who ask. there is no coming into play of stress': this is a second contemplation.

within or without -is stressful. said further: Knowing that whatever is felt -pleasure. if there are any who ask.' 'How would that be?' 'Whatever stress comes into play is all from feeling as a requisite condition': this is one contemplation. For a monk rightly contemplating this duality in this way -. there is no coming into play of stress': this is a second contemplation. 'From the remainder-less fading and cessation of that very feeling. the Teacher. 'There would. Having said that. ardent.non-return. the One Wellgone. dissolving. seeing its passing away at each contact.5 For a monk rightly contemplating this duality in this way -.heedful. the ending of fetters is far away. free from hunger. pain.one of two fruits can be expected: either gnosis right here and now. "Now." That is what the Blessed One said." That is what the Blessed One said. by breaking through contact. 'Would there be the right contemplation of dualities in yet another way?' they should be told. flowing along in the stream of becoming.heedful. the One Wellgone. neither pleasure nor pain. or -. deceptive. following a miserable path. said further: For those overcome by contact. they. and resolute -. While those who comprehend contact.one of two fruits can be expected: either gnosis right here and now.if there be any remnant of clingingsustenance -. or -.if there be any remnant of clingingsustenance -. delighting in stilling through discernment. he knows it right there: . each contact. the Teacher.non-return. are totally unbound. ardent. Having said that. and resolute -.

'There would. 'Would there be the right contemplation of dualities in yet another way?' they should be told.heedful.' 'How would that be?' 'Whatever stress comes into play is all from craving as a requisite condition': this is one contemplation. "Now. Neither in this state here nor anywhere else does he go beyond the wandering-on. and resolute -. 'There would. the One Wellgone. "Now. the Teacher. 'From the remainder-less fading and cessation of that very clinging. Knowing this drawback -that craving brings stress into play -free from craving. said further: With craving his companion. Having said that. there is no coming into play of stress': this is a second contemplation. mindful. the One Wellgone. ardent. 'Would there be the right contemplation of dualities in yet another way?' they should be told.one of two fruits can be expected: either gnosis right here and now. the monk lives the wandering life. there is no stress coming into play. if there are any who ask. devoid of clinging. and resolute -.if there be any remnant of clingingsustenance -.heedful. long time.if there be any remnant of clingingsustenance -. Having said that. or -.6 with just the ending of feeling. or -." That is what the Blessed One said. there is no coming into play of stress': this is a second contemplation. said further: .non-return. 'From the remainder-less fading and cessation of that very craving. For a monk rightly contemplating this duality in this way -.one of two fruits can be expected: either gnosis right here and now.non-return. ardent.' 'How would that be?' 'Whatever stress comes into play is all from clinging as a requisite condition': this is one contemplation. a man wanders on a long. For a monk rightly contemplating this duality in this way -." That is what the Blessed One said. if there are any who ask. the Teacher.

directly knowing the ending of birth. Thus.one of two fruits can be expected: either gnosis right here and now.heedful. if there are any who ask. Knowing this drawback -that stress comes from disturbance as a requisite condition -with the relinquishing of all disturbance. This is the coming into play of stress. the wise seeing rightly. go to no further becoming. the Teacher. his mind at peace. said further: Any stress that comes into play is all from disturbance as a requisite condition. One who has come into being goes to stress. There is death for one who is born. his craving for becoming crushed." That is what the Blessed One said. 'Would there be the right contemplation of dualities in yet another way?' they should be told. there is no stress coming into play.7 From clinging as a requisite condition comes becoming.non-return. Having said that. 'From the remainder-less fading and cessation of that very disturbance. and resolute -. or -. .if there be any remnant of clinging-sustenance -. there is no coming into play of stress': this is a second contemplation. "Now. with the ending of clinging. a monk released in non-disturbance. For a monk rightly contemplating this duality in this way -. 'There would.' 'How would that be?' 'Whatever stress comes into play is all from disturbance as a requisite condition': this is one contemplation. With the cessation of disturbance. the One Wellgone. ardent.

one of two fruits can be expected: either gnosis right here and now. and resolute -. if there are any who ask.if there be any remnant of clingingsustenance -. or -. ardent.8 his wandering-on in birth totally ended: he has no further becoming. Having said that.heedful." That is what the Blessed One said. 'Would there be the right contemplation of dualities in yet another way?' they should be told. said further: Any stress that comes into play is all from nutriment as a requisite condition. judiciously associating. an attainer-of-wisdom.' 'How would that be?' 'Whatever stress comes into play is all from what is perturbed as a requisite condition': this is one contemplation. "Now. "Now. 'Would there be the right contemplation of dualities in yet another way?' they should be told. he. goes beyond judgment. a judge. For a monk rightly contemplating this duality in this way -. the One Wellgone. if there are any who ask. there is no stress coming into play. rightly seeing freedom from disease through the total ending of fermentations. With the cessation of nutriment. Knowing this drawback -that stress comes from nutriment as a requisite condition -comprehending all nutriment. 'From the remainder-less fading and cessation of what is perturbed. beyond classification. 'There would. the Teacher. 'From the remainder-less fading and cessation of that very nutriment. 'There would. there is no coming into play of stress': this is a second contemplation.non-return. independent of all nutriment.' 'How would that be?' 'Whatever stress comes into play is all from nutriment as a requisite condition': this is one contemplation. there is no coming into play of stress': this is a second .

if there are any who ask. and resolute -. ardent. the Teacher. For a monk rightly contemplating this duality in this way -. said further: Any stress that comes into play is all from what is perturbed as a requisite condition. the One Wellgone. doesn't go beyond .9 contemplation. For a monk rightly contemplating this duality in this way -.one of two fruits can be expected: either gnosis right here and now. "Now. or -. Having said that." That is what the Blessed One said." That is what the Blessed One said. 'One who is independent doesn't waver': this is a second contemplation. there is no stress coming into play. clinging to this state here or anywhere else. 'There would. free from perturbance. One who's dependent. 'Would there be the right contemplation of dualities in yet another way?' they should be told.if there be any remnant of clinging-sustenance -. or -. Knowing this drawback -that stress comes from what is perturbed as a requisite condition -the monk thus renouncing perturbance.heedful. Having said that.' 'How would that be?' 'For one who is dependent.non-return. free from clinging. there is wavering': this is one contemplation. With the cessation of what is perturbed. and resolute -one of two fruits can be expected: either gnosis right here and now. mindful he lives the wandering life. putting a stop to fabrications. ardent.heedful. said further: One who's independent doesn't waver. the One Wellgone. the Teacher.if there be any remnant of clinging-sustenance -.non-return.

Knowing this drawback -the great danger in dependencies -independent. those released in cessation are people who've left death behind. return to further becoming. said further: Those beings headed to forms. 'Would there be the right contemplation of dualities in yet another way?' they should be told.non-return. mindful the monk lives the wandering life. Maras. is rightly seen as it actually is with right discernment by the noble ones as "This is true"': this is a second contemplation. is rightly seen as it actually is with right discernment by the noble ones as "This is false"': this is one contemplation. free from clinging." .heedful. its royalty and common-folk. and Brahmas. if there are any who ask.' 'How would that be?' 'Formless phenomena are more peaceful than forms': this is one contemplation. the Teacher. "Now. comprehending form.' 'How would that be?' 'Whatever is considered as "This is true" by the world with its deities. 'There would.if there be any remnant of clinging-sustenance -. with its contemplatives and priests.non-return.heedful. But. or -. 'There would. ardent. 'Whatever is considered as "This is false" by the world with its deities. if there are any who ask. 'Cessation is more peaceful than formless phenomena': this is a second contemplation. and resolute -. and those standing in the formless.if there be any remnant of clingingsustenance -. 'Would there be the right contemplation of dualities in yet another way?' they should be told. its royalty and common-folk. For a monk rightly contemplating this duality in this way -. and Brahmas. and resolute -one of two fruits can be expected: either gnosis right here and now. For a monk rightly contemplating this duality in this way -. Having said that. with its contemplatives and priests. ardent. or -." That is what the Blessed One said. Maras. not taking a stance in formless things.one of two fruits can be expected: either gnosis right here and now. "Now. the One Wellgone.10 the wandering-on. with no knowledge of cessation.

" That is what the Blessed One said. is rightly seen as it actually is with right discernment by the noble ones as "This is bliss"': this is a second contemplation. it's deceptive by nature. They. tactile sensations. the One Wellgone. "Now.' In whatever terms they conceive it it turns into something other than that. through breaking through to the truth. 'Would there be the right contemplation of dualities in yet another way?' they should be told.heedful. .non-return. 'There would. its royalty and common-folk. Having said that. the One Wellgone. 'Whatever is considered as "This is stressful" by the world with its deities. conceiving not-self to be self. is rightly seen as it actually is with right discernment by the noble ones as "This is stressful"': this is one contemplation. with its contemplatives and priests. said further: See the world. and that's what's false about it: changing. with its contemplatives and priests. are totally unbound. ardent.11 That is what the Blessed One said. sounds. and Brahmas. if there are any who ask. they conceive that 'This is true. and resolute -one of two fruits can be expected: either gnosis right here and now. Maras.if there be any remnant of clinging-sustenance -. smells. Maras. and Brahmas. the Teacher. and ideas that are welcome. the Teacher.' 'How would that be?' 'Whatever is considered as "This is bliss" by the world with its deities. appealing. Entrenched in name and form. or -. agreeable -as long as they're said to exist. together with its deities. Having said that. free from hunger. said further: All sights. For a monk rightly contemplating this duality in this way -. its royalty and common-folk. tastes. Un-deceptive by nature is Unbinding: that the noble ones know as true.

What others say is stressful. through rightly knowing it. But when they cease. . the noble know as bliss. See the Dhamma. apart from the noble. Though in their very presence. This is contrary to what's seen by the world as a whole. the noble ones say is stress. they’re free from fermentation. flowing along in the stream of becoming. it’s darkness. un-adept in the Dhamma. blindness for those who don't see. But for the good it is blatant. to wake up to this Dhamma. they don't understand it -dumb animals. What others say is blissful. It's not easy for those overcome by passion for becoming. is worthy to wake up to this state? -The state that. like light for those who see. hard to understand! Here those who don't know are confused. falling under Mara's sway. The stopping of self-identity is viewed by the noble ones as bliss. they’re supposed by them to be stress. For those who are veiled. Who.12 are supposed by the world together with its deities to be bliss.

the monks delighted in the Blessed One's words. And while this explanation was being given.13 totally unbound. Gratified. were fully released from fermentation. through lack of clinging. the minds of sixty monks. That is what the Blessed One said. .