You are on page 1of 1

NEVADA BUREAU OF MINES AND GEOLOGY Prepared as part of the STATEMAP component of the National Cooperative Geologic Mapping

Prepared as part of the STATEMAP component of the National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program in cooperation with the U.S. Geological Survey MAP 131 GEOLOGIC MAP OF THE STONY POINT QUADRANGLE, LANDER COUNTY, NEVADA

40°45'00" R45E R46E 40°45'00"


ALLUVIAL DEPOSITS OF HUMBOLDT RIVER

116°45'00"
116°52'30"

Older abandoned floodplain terraces (late Pleistocene, Inactive alluvial fans (late Pleistocene)MIntermediate-age Basalt and andesite sequence (Miocene)MBlack to light-gray,
l Ql Qc Tob Qf4 Qai Tba
l l
l l l
Tba Qay Qay Qay
Qay
Qay
Qay AND ROCK CREEK >10,900 cal yr BP)MDeposits of abandoned floodplain terraces of alluvial fan deposits with fully smoothed surfaces having minimal aphanitic to sparsely porphyritic basalt and basaltic andesite lava
Dsc l Tob Humboldt River or Reese River preserved only near south edge of topographic separation from adjacent Qao surfaces. Surface dominated by flows. Contains sparse, fine-grained plagioclase, olivine, and/or clinopyroxene
Dss Qay Alluvium of Humboldt River, Rock Creek, and related overflow channels on quadrangle. Surfaces are commonly blanketed by an unmapped mantle of fine-grained eolian material, but small, localized areas of desert pavement phenocrysts in intergranular to intersertal groundmass of plagioclase,
Qcb Td

l
10 Qay1
Dsc active and abandoned floodplain terrace surfaces. Divided into floodplain eolian silt and fine sand as much as 1 m thick. Irregular, stabilized dunes comprise a small percentage of surface. Surface clasts have dark rock clinopyroxene, olivine, ilmenite, and magnetite. Consists of as many as 20 thin
l
6
Qay
l

7
Tba
l

Qly Qcb 6 Td deposits, meander-belt deposits, and splay deposits although some overlap composed of fine to medium sand are locally as much as several meters thick. varnish. Soils typically consist of a 10- to 20-cm-thick Av (vesicular A) horizon, flows marked by highly vesicular, glassy flow tops and devitrified, massive flow
l

Qay Td occurs and many contacts are thus approximate or transitional. Active Equivalent Reese River Qf4 deposits exposed in gravel pits consist of several a 15- to 30-cm-thick unstructured A horizon (eolian cap), a 20- to 40-cm-thick interiors. Unit is about 250 to 300 m thick along cliff faces on northwest side of
l

l
l Qay Qay
l
20 l
Qay
quadrangle. Unconformably overlies Paleozoic rocks. Whole-rock 40Ar/39Ar
l

l l
l
Dss Td Qay 6 Qay floodplains and abandoned floodplain terrace surfaces are generally flat, but meters of cross-bedded gravel with interbedded sand lenses overlain by Bt (argillic) horizon which is typically overprinted with Stage I CaCO3 (Btk),
l

Qay local topographic irregularities related to incised channels, levees, and eolian bedded fluvial sand and silt overlain by 50–100 cm of eolian silt and sand and a 30- to 60-cm-thick Stage II+ to Stage III CaCO3 horizon (Bk or Bkm). age of 15.57±0.10 Ma on a lava flow collected at base of sequence (John and
l

Dsc Qc Qay1
l

Qcb 7 dunes are common. Floodplain deposits predominantly include valley-flat and (House and others, 2001). Locally, upper soil horizons are erosionally stripped, especially at remnant Wrucke, 2002) and whole-rock K-Ar age of 15.2±0.5 Ma on a flow collected
l

Qay2 backswamp deposits composed of unconsolidated, vertically accreted layers edges. near top of sequence at radio tower at southwest corner of Sheep Creek
l

l
Meander-Belt Deposits
l
£ l
of fluvial mud and sand. Organic-rich mud is common. All but the youngest Range (age recalculated from McKee and Silberman (1970) using modern
l
£ Dsc Ql Qay Td
Tba 7 floodplain deposits are covered by a mantle of eolian silt and minor sand as Older inactive alluvial fans (late to middle? Pleistocene) decay constants).
l
Tba 5
£ OFvq
l
l
Qao
Qay1
Dsc £ 40
Dss
l
l
l l
6
Qay much as 1 m thick, although thicker deposits may occur locally. Older Most recently abandoned meander belts (1910 AD to about 2,000 Old alluvial fan deposits with fully smoothed, dissected, and broadly
cal yr BP)MDeposits of most recently abandoned Humboldt River meander Intrusive basaltic andesite (Miocene)MBlack fine-grained rock
l
Dsc floodplain units are generally flat and featureless and include a variety of rounded surfaces. Exposed at surface only near fan heads. Surface
£

l
7
Tib
l l l l l l
l l l l l
l l l l l

Qc 6 7 Qay
undivided fluvial, eolian, and minor lacustrine deposits. In many cases, belts. Composition ranges from well-sorted, cross-stratified lateral accretion expression similar to Qai, with dominant fine-grained eolian cover, and small, in numerous northwest-trending dikes emplaced along southwest
l

4
l
l
Qcb 6 floodplain deposits form relatively thin veneers over meander-belt deposits. deposits of sand and gravel to well-sorted, horizontally stratified vertical localized areas of desert pavement. Surface clasts have dark rock varnish. margin of northern Nevada rift in southeast corner of quadrangle. One wide
Ql 6
l

Td
l l

Meander-belt deposits include a complex assemblage of fine-grained vertical accretion deposits of sand and organic-rich mud. Surface typically has Soils typically consist of a 10- to 20-cm-thick vesicular A horizon (Av), a 15- to dike trends west-northwest. Consists of intergranular labradorite and augite.
l
l
Qc Qay Td
Qay
l

accretion (floodplain/overbank) deposits of mud and sand interspersed with complex topography characterized by a very sinuous main channel 30-cm-thick unstructured eolian silt cap (A), a 20- to 40-cm-thick argillic Weathers brown to greenish brown. Specimens from basaltic andesite dikes in
l
l l l l
l l l
Qay Qay
Dss
l
Dsc
l
Qay coarser channel and lateral accretion (point-bar) deposits of sand and gravel. interspersed among abandoned channels, floodplain surface remnants, and horizon overprinted with Stage I CaCO3 (Btk), and a 50- to 100-cm-thick adjacent Argenta and Mule Canyon Quadrangles yielded, respectively, whole-
l
l l
Tob
6
rock 40Ar/39Ar ages of 16.13±0.9 Ma and 16.4±0.4 Ma (R.J. Fleck, oral
l l
Deposits of mud and sand in oxbow lakes and cutoff channels are also ephemeral oxbow lakes. Local relief rarely exceeds 3 m. Divided into two Stage III-IV CaCO3 horizon (Bkm). Commonly, upper soil horizons are
l
l l l

25 Qay2 7 6
30 Qcb Td common. Young meander belts, which are conspicuous on aerial photographs subunits (Qm1b and Qm1c) on basis of crosscutting relations. After erosionally stripped, especially on rounded surfaces. commun., 2001).
Qay
and topographic maps, typically have complex surface morphology with local abandonment of Qm1b meander belt in 1910, Humboldt River occupied
Ql 7 Qay
10
Tba relief as much as 3 m associated with multiple, sinuous abandoned channels multiple channels in lower Boulder Valley. Channel straightening between Mass-Wasting Deposits Slaven Chert (Devonian)
8 Td Qay2
Tba 15 and adjacent floodplain surfaces. Greater incision and channel widening have 1933 and 1940 redirected Humboldt River, which has yet to establish a
Qay1 5
Td occurred locally due to channel straightening and check-dam construction. Old mappable active meander belt across quadrangle. House and others (2001) Young landslide deposits (late Holocene to latest ChertMIn central and northwest parts of quadrangle consists of
7 Qly Dsc
l l Tpd meander-belt deposits, which are less extensive than on adjacent Battle divide an active meander belt (Qm1a) approximately 3 km west of quadrangle Pleistocene?)MLargely debris flows or rock avalanche deposits of medium-gray to black chert with subordinate amounts of greenish-
Tob Td
l

Dsc l
Mountain Quadrangle, are distinguished by multiple, overlapping, meander- at downstream limit of major channel-straightening efforts. unconsolidated sand- to boulder-sized clasts as much as 2 m wide. Holocene gray chert widely but poorly exposed along west flank of Sheep Creek Range.
Qcb
l
l

11
l

Td
l

l l
Qcb Qc 6 Td scroll patterns, but are typically flat due to burial by younger sediments. All but to latest Pleistocene(?) age on basis of lack of dissection, hummocky Interlayered with dark-gray to dark-greenish-gray argillite and sparse medium-
l Qc Qay
l
l

l l
Ql Td Tpd the youngest meander-belt units include a variety of fluvial, eolian, and local Qm1b (1910 AD to about 750 cal yr BP)MDeposits of most topography, and topographic position filling drainages. to dark-gray sandstone. Chert commonly in beds 2 to 10 cm thick, forming
l
l

l l
l
l l l
l
Qm1b
Ql Tob lacustrine deposits (small playas and pans). House and others (2001) recently abandoned meander belt of Humboldt River, currently ribbon chert, commonly with interlayered argillite 0.5 to 3 cm thick. Argillite
l

Qc Td
l

l
l l
l

l
l

l l
Qcb
l

l l
l
l

l
5
l
Qay Qay described a more complete sequence of river deposits, including a cross occupied by Rock Creek. Humboldt River occupied this belt until it avulsed Old landslide deposits (Pleistocene)MLargely debris flows or also present as separate sequences in thicknesses of several meters. Chert
l l
l

Qc
l
l l l
l
Qc Td 6 8 Ql
l

Qly 8 section depicting stratigraphic relations, additional units (i.e., Qf3, Qm1a, Qm2c, approximately 30 km upstream at Dunphy Ranch during a large flood in rock avalanche deposits of unconsolidated sand- to boulder-sized bedding planes and much of argillite altered medium-light-gray to light grayish-
l

Dsc Qay
l

l 12
Qay2 Qay Qay Td
l

l
and Qm4), and 15 additional radiocarbon ages. In the following descriptions, February 1910 (Foster, 1933). At that time, Humboldt River reportedly clasts as much as 2 m wide. Locally comprising highly fractured and partly green and locally stained brown and yellow brown from Fe-oxide minerals.
l

l
l

l
l 4
l

l l l
Qao l
l
l
Tba Tpd ages are reported in calibrated calendar years before 1950 AD (cal yr BP). assumed course of "Argenta Slough" (also called "South Channel" on 1854 disorganized but largely intact masses of Tertiary basalt and andesite (Tba) Unit contains medium- to dark-gray barite in beds 1 to 30 cm thick in
l
l

l
Qc
l

Tpd See table 1, the correlation diagram, and related references for corresponding GLO maps). Floodplain mud within Qm1b yielded an age of about 300 cal from high escarpment in Sheep Creek Range. Pleistocene age on basis of sequences as thick as about 5 m as exposed at barite mines. Chert and
l
L

L
l
Ql 6 Qcb Qc 14
Dsc Qai l l l l l l
Qay 8 C years and additional information. yr BP (table 1, sample A). Maximum age based on assuming a connection deep erosion of deposits and burial of lower parts beneath alluvial fans. argillite locally deformed into complex folds. Brecciated, in part thoroughly
Qly
l l
l Qay Tob
l

l l
l
l l l
Tob with Qm1a prior to 1910 AD (House and others, 2001). recrystallized, and locally cut by numerous quartz veins in north-northeast-
l

Qcb 6
l

l
Dsc
Floodplain Deposits Colluvial Deposits
l
l

striking fault zone about 100 m wide near south end of Sheep Creek Range.
l
l

Dsc Qay 6
Td Td
l

l
Td Qm1c (about 750 to 2,000 cal yr BP)MDeposits of oldest In southeast part of quadrangle, unit consists of black chert and conspicuous
l

Qai Td Tt Qm1c
Qc Tba
l

Qao
l

Td Active floodplains and channels (present to about 2,000 abandoned meander belt associated with Qf1. Age is uncertain, Colluvium (present to late Pleistocene)MColluvial deposits sequences 3 to 7 m thick of medium-gray to black sandstone and quartzite
l

Qcb Qay2
l

Dsc Qf1 Qc
l

l
Qay
l

l Qay cal yr BP) Deposits of fluvial mud and sand in frequently but belt is cut by Qm1b. composed of poorly to moderately sorted, angular, pebble to separated by sequences of chert commonly 10 m or more thick. Sandstone
l

l
Qay Qc
l
l
Qcb 9 Qc
l

l
45
l
l
Tt inundated, low-lying areas near major channels and meander belts. Includes boulder gravels and sand on moderate to steep hillslopes. Generally consist of and quartzite composed of fine- and medium-grained quartz and sparse
l

Qay1 l l l l
l
4 Tob sloughs and overflow channels that connect active floodplains and meander Abandoned meander belts (about 2,000 to 5,600 cal yr BP) Miocene volcanic clasts with fine-sand matrix. Grades downslope into alluvial grains of black chert. Bedding not evident. Thickness difficult to determine but
l
Qcb Tt Qm2
Qao l
Tt Tt Qai
l

belts to widely separated parts of the valley bottom. Unit is composed largely Deposits of typically less well-preserved, abandoned meander belts fan deposits. Generally a few meters or less thick. likely is at least 150 m, base not exposed. Age from lithologic correlation with
l

l
Qai Qcb Tba
l

l
Qc
l

5 of well-stratified fine-grained vertical accretion (overbank) deposits of mud and of Humboldt River. Composition ranges from sand- and gravel-rich lateral sections of Slaven Chert widely exposed in Shoshone Range and in adjacent
Ql Tba
Dsc
l

5 Tba sand. Dark gray deposits of organic-rich mud with abundant gastropod shells accretion deposits to fine-grained vertical accretion deposits of fluvial mud and Boulder-dominated colluvium (present to late Pleistocene) parts of Battle Mountain Quadrangle likely is Early to Late Devonian. Age in
Qao
l

Qc 6 Tba Qcb
l

are common in areas immediately adjacent to active channels and in low-lying sand. Generally overlain by coeval and younger floodplain deposits and minor Boulder-dominated colluvial deposits (stone stripes) generally on Shoshone Range likely Early to Middle Devonian based on fossils in
Qcb
l

Qcb Qcb backswamp areas. Unit also includes natural levees and local splays of sand eolian deposits (Qf2a and Qf2b). Evident in aerial photographs as complexly steep hillslopes. Talus and sieve deposits consisting of moderately to well- coextensive section to south in Bateman Spring Quadrangle (J.K. Cluer,
Td
l l
Qay2
l

l l
Qcb Tba
l

and minor gravel associated with significant overbank flow or breaches of overprinted meander scrolls except in the case of one particularly well- sorted, angular, generally cobble- to boulder-sized Miocene volcanic clasts. written commun., 2001).
l
l

Qai Qcb Qc Tba Tba Td


Tpd
l

Tba
l
l

Dsc Ql Qc artificial and natural levees. Deposition of Qf1 is known to have occurred preserved belt (Qm2a). Calibrated radiocarbon ages from Qm2 gravels and Commonly dark due to thick coatings of rock varnish. Commonly grade into
l

l
l

Td
l l
l
l
Ql l Tba Tba between the present and about 750–1,000 cal yr BP on basis of dated overlying Qf2a floodplain muds range from about 2,160 to 3,000 cal yr BP Qc deposits. SandstoneMDark-gray, very fine- to fine-grained feldspathic
l
l
l

l
Qcb Dss
l

l l 60 Qc
l

Dsc Tba Tba Qcb stratigraphy in Argenta Quadrangle (House and others, 2000), but may have (House and others, 2001). sandstone exposed in northwest part of quadrangle. Unit more
l

Qcb
l

7 Qcb
BEDROCK UNITS
l

Qay1 l Qc Qcb Td begun as early as about 2,000 cal yr BP, when much of Qf2a floodplain terrace widely exposed in Battle Mountain Quadrangle to west. Sandstone is bimodal,
Tba Tba
Qay2 Qcb Qc Qcb was abandoned. Qm2a (about 2,000 to 2,300? cal yr BP)MDeposits of a consisting of about 1% rounded grains about 0.15 mm wide in a finer-grained
Qcb Tba Tba Qai Qm2a
35 notably well-preserved, abandoned Humboldt River meander Olivine basalt (Miocene)MDark-gray to black olivine basalt lava matrix of quartz, plagioclase (20%), minor K-feldspar, sparse white mica, and
l

Qai Qc Tob
l

Qcb Td Qf1a (present to about 750 cal yr BP)MDeposits of fluvial belt that diverges from meander belt Qm1b near west edge of quadrangle. flows. Contain scattered, small (< 2 mm) olivine phenocrysts in a variable amounts of calcite cement. Bedding planes commonly obscure but
l

Qf1a
l

60
Td Qai 17
l

Qai Ql Tba Tba mud and sand in low-lying floodplain and backswamp areas Unit is the most well-preserved, continuous, abandoned meander belt in fine-grained, subophitic groundmass of plagioclase, clinopyroxene, ilmenite, locally have planar laminations. Weathers light brown to dark brown. On basis
l

Dss Ql Qc
l

Qai Tba Td Td Qc adjacent to active channels and meander belts. Qf1a comprises lowest quadrangle. Pristine morphology is a strong indication of channel avulsion and magnetite. Abundant, fine-grained cavities give rocks a diktytaxitic texture. of conodonts identified from associated limestone in adjacent Battle Mountain
l

Qcb
l l l

Qcb Qcb Qc Qai


l

Qc Small (< l cm) vesicles are common near tops of flows. Whole rock 40Ar/39Ar
l

floodplain surface relative to active channels and meander belts, and is (possibly co-seismic or flood-related). In Battle Mountain Quadrangle, Quadrangle, unit may be Early to Middle Devonian in age (House and others,
l
60 Qcb Qcb Td Qcb
l

Tba 17
subject to frequent inundation. Composition is typically organic-rich mud Qm2a is flanked by a Qf2a surface with an age range of 2,000 to 2,300 cal age of 14.7±0.2 Ma from a sample collected in Izzenhood Spring Quadrangle 2001).
l

l l
Tpa
l

Qay1 l l
l
l
l
l l
Qai Td and interlayered beds of silt and fine sand. Gastropod shells are common yr BP, the approximate time of abandonment (House and others, 2001). (John and Wrucke, 2002). Minimum thickness of 100 to 150 m along northeast
l

l
35 l
Ql Td 3 Qc
l

Valmy Formation (Ordovician and Cambrian)


l

Qay2 Tba Qay2 in organic mud. Locally, slightly sinuous to nearly straight channels and edge of map area. Thin (< 2 m thick) bed of dark-orange crystal-lithic
l
l l l

Dsc Td Qai
l
Qcb
Qcb Tba sloughs that parallel principal drainage courses are common. Age range of Qm2b (about 2,300 cal yr BP to 3,000 yr BP)MComplex of rhyolite(?) air-fall tuff present locally along west side of unit; sanidine 40Ar/39Ar
l

Qai l l l Qai Qm2b


Tba Qf1a is uncertain and is based on radiocarbon ages from Argenta multiple, overprinted meander scrolls crosscut by Qm2a and age of 14.94±0.04 Ma from tuff collected in Izzenhood Spring Quadrangle Valmy Formation, undividedMInterbedded argillite and quartzite
l

Qc Qc Qcb
Qc
l

Tba Qcb Qc Qcb OFv


l

Quadrangle, where Qf1a overlies a buried, organic-rich floodplain surface typically overlain by Qf2a deposits. Surface is generally flat due to younger (John and Wrucke, 2002). and minor amounts of limestone. Argillite medium gray to black, thin
l

Tba Tpa 28
l

Qc
l

8
Td Qc with an age of about 750 cal yr BP (House and others, 2000). alluvial cover, although buried meanders are conspicuous in aerial bedded, and poorly exposed. Contains many quartzite beds 0.5 to 7 m thick.
Qay2
l

Qai
l

Qc Qai Porphyritic dacite (Miocene)MBlack, reddish-brown, and


l
Qc 10 photographs. Gastropod shells from floodplain mud within Qm2b yielded an Quartzite, commonly well exposed, mostly well rounded medium-grained
Qc
l
l

Qcb Qcb Qai Tpd


l

Qcb Qai Qai Qf1b (about 750 to 2,000 cal yr BP)MDeposits of a slightly age of about 3,000 cal yr BP (House and others, 2001). lavender-gray, porphyritic high-potassium dacite containing 5 to quartz with small percentage of coarse grains in fine-grained matrix of angular
Qf1b
l

Ql l
35 Tba Qai higher (as much as 1 m) floodplain surface typically found in 20% 0.1- to 4-mm phenocrysts of plagioclase, clinopyroxene, ilmenite, quartz and rare microcline. Quartzite particularly abundant high in section
l l
Qc Tba Qc
Dss Qcb 3 direct association with recently abandoned and infrequently flooded Splay Deposits magnetite, and minor olivine. Phenocrysts commonly form small above local thrust fault. Unit locally contains dark-gray, bluish-gray-weathering
Tba
Qc l
Tba 5 meander belt Qm1b, and with other areas of moderately frequent, glomeroporphyritic clots. Forms small intrusions in northeast part of laminated limestone in sections several meters thick, best exposed on ridge
Qai
l l
l

Qai Qcb
Qc Qay2 widespread inundation. Composition is predominantly vertical accretion Splay deposits (late to middle? Holocene)MExtensive splay quadrangle along Battle Creek. Margins of intrusions are black vitrophyre. crest 1 km northwest of southeast corner of quadrangle. Exposed thickness of
Qay2 Qs
Ql Qc Qcb deposits of sand and mud, essentially the same as Qf1a. Qf1b can only be deposits of sand and silt associated with widespread overbank flow Locally in upper few meters, vitrophyre is strongly vesiculated and unit not readily determined but probably at least 300 m. Ordovician age on
Qay1 Qai Qcb Qcb Qcb Qcb Qcb
45 Qf2a differentiated when adjacent to Qf1a because of slight topographic along modern and recently abandoned courses of Humboldt River and Rock scoriaceous. Vitrophyre grades downward and inward into irregular zones of basis of correlation with Valmy Formation to south in Shoshone Range (Gilluly
l

Qc
l
l

Qai
l

l
OFvq Qay1 l l
separation, otherwise units are combined and mapped as undifferentiated Creek. Typically located on young floodplain and abandoned meander-belt spherulitic devitrified dacite characterized by abundant reddish-brown and Gates, 1965). Cambrian age on basis of identification by Anita Harris
£

Dss
l

Qcb
l
l
Qao
l
Dsc £ 17 Qf1. Qf1a and Qf1b may be partly coeval, although most of Qf1b is likely surfaces. Local, undivided splay deposits are common on Qf1 surfaces. spherulites 0.5 to 6 cm wide. Spherulitic zones grade downward and inward to (written commun., 1998) of conodont elements from limestone at USGS
l l l
l l
l
Tba
l l l

Dsc Qcb Tba Qay2 Qf2b associated with older channels and meander belts. massive, dark-red to lavender-gray, devitrified dacite that is subhorizontally collection no. 11525-CO as Cordylodus proavus Muller, indicating the Co.
Qai Qf2
Qai
Qf2b
Dsc 30 £ Qc Qay1 PIEDMONT AND SLOPE DEPOSITS layered. Intrudes trachydacite unit. Plagioclase 40Ar/39Ar age of 15.35±0.10 proavus Zone into succeeding Co. intermedius Zone. These determinations
Qay2 OFvq Qcb
Qai Qai
£ OFvq Qcb Qay2 Abandoned floodplain terraces (about 2,000 to 5,600 cal yr Ma from a sample collected in Izzenhood Spring Quadrangle (John and indicate a very late Late Cambrian age.
£ £ Qay2 Qf2
£ £

Dsc Tba Qcb BP)MDeposits of abandoned floodplain surfaces that are rarely, if Coarse-grained alluvial fan deposits originating from Sheep Creek Range Wrucke, 2002).
Dss Qay1 Qf1
Dsc Qcb Qay1 Qf2a ever, extensively inundated by flooding of modern Humboldt River or related and Shoshone Range, dominantly fine-grained valley fill in upland areas of QuartziteMThin unit at south end of Sheep Creek Range. Light- to
OFvq Qcb Qay2 OFvq
Qcb Dss Qcb Qf2a tributaries. Qf2 terraces are characterized by flat, featureless surfaces capped Sheep Creek Range, colluvial deposits on moderate to steep slopes of Sheep Platy andesite (Miocene)MSmall outcrops of dark gray, platy medium-gray, consisting of about 10% well rounded quartz grains
Tpa
l
Qf1 Qao
£ £ £ Qf2a
l

Ql Qf2b by a mantle of eolian silt and minor sand ranging from 10 cm to more than 1 m Creek Range, and landslide deposits along west slope of Sheep Creek jointed, sparsely porphyritic andesite. Contain less than 1% fine- 0.3 to 0.7 mm wide scattered in seriate sizes into a tight mosaic of fine- to
Dsc Qai
l
l

Qcb Qcb
Qc Qf2a thick. In general, thickness of eolian deposit reflects relative age of surface Range. Alluvial fan deposits are typically angular to subrounded, poorly to grained phenocrysts of plagioclase and clinopyroxene in fine-grained medium-size angular to rounded quartz grains. Generally exposed in
l
l

Dss Qay2 Qf2a


l

Qay2 and is one criterion for differentiating subunits. Thin interbeds of eolian silt are moderately sorted, and poorly to moderately stratified. Surficial deposits allotriomorphic granular groundmass of plagioclase, clinopyroxene, and prominent massive outcrops lacking clear evidence of bedding. Southernmost
l

Qay2
Qay2 Qf2a
l

Qai Dsc Qf2a


l

Tba common in floodplain sediments beneath surficial eolian mantle. Organic-rich contain large amounts of fine-grained eolian or reworked eolian material opaque oxide minerals. Overlies trachydacite unit and basalt and andesite exposures overlain by 5 m of black thin-bedded chert containing abundant
Dss

T33N
T33N

30 Qai Qf2a Qf2a sediments and gastropod shells are common, but are most typical of Qf2a. (predominantly fine sand) principally derived from adjacent Humboldt River sequence near center of quadrangle on south flank of Sheep Creek Range. red-brown Fe-oxide minerals on fracture planes. Maximum thickness about 25 m.
Qf2b Qcb
£

Qay1 Qai OFvq Qcb Tba Qf1 Qf2a floodplain. A mostly eolian deposit caps all but the youngest alluvial gravels Maximum thickness is about 30 m.
Qcb Qf2a Qf2a (about 2,000 to 3,500 cal yr BP)MDeposits of generally and thickens from a few tens of centimeters at fan heads to a few meters on
Qf2b 35 Tba Qf2a Qf2b
Qay2 Qf2a Qf2a
flat floodplain terraces that typically flank abandoned meander distal parts of fans. Fan deposits flanking Sheep Creek Range consist of Trachydacite (Miocene)MBlack to light-gray, aphanitic to fine- References
Td
£

Qcb Dsc Qay2 Qf2a Qf2a Qf2b


£ 40 Qao belt Qm2a, and bury older belt Qm2b. Qf2a surfaces are topographically pebble to boulder gravels derived from Miocene volcanic rocks that comprise grained, moderately porphyritic trachydacite lava flows. Most of unit
l

Qai
£ £ £ separated from Qf1 surfaces by as much as 1.5 m. Locally, Qf2a is a most of range and Paleozoic rocks that crop out along west slope of range. is sparsely porphyritic and contains 1 to 2% fine- to medium-grained Davis, J.O., 1978, Late Sehoo discharge of the Humboldt River: Stratigraphic archeology at
l

Qf1 Qf1
l
Qai Qf2b
l Qf2a the North Valmy power plant, Humboldt County, Nevada: Geological Society of America
l OFvq relatively thin deposit of floodplain mud and sand that disconformably Fan deposits flanking Shoshone Range consist of pebble to cobble gravels plagioclase, olivine, and/or clinopyroxene and sparse sieve-textured sanidine Abstracts with Programs, v. 10, p. 386.

T32N
T32N

l 20 Dsc Qf2a
Qay2 Qm1b overlies Qf2b. In aerial photographs, parts of underlying meander belts are derived from Paleozoic rocks and Miocene intrusive rocks. phenocrysts in trachytic to pilotaxitic groundmass of plagioclase and Fe-oxide Davis, J.O., 1990, Giant meanders on the Humboldt River near Rye Patch Nevada due to
l

Qai Qf2b catastrophic flooding: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 22, no.
25 discernible through a relatively thin (5 to 20 cm) and discontinuous eolian minerals. Uppermost flows along south flank of Sheep Creek Range
l

30
Qf2a Qf2a 7, p. A309.
Qf2 Tba
Qf2b cover. In some cases, contact between Qf2a and adjacent, abandoned Alluvial Fan Deposits commonly contain 5 to 7% fine-grained plagioclase, clinopyroxene, and Elston, R.G., Davis, J.O., Clerico, S., Clerico, R., and Becker, A., 1981, Archeology of
Qf2b meander belts is arbitrary. Radiocarbon ages from shells and organic sanidine phenocrysts. Consists of several flows marked by glassy, highly section 20, North Valmy power plant, Humboldt County, Nevada: Social Sciences
Tba Qay2 Qf2 Technical Report No. 19, Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nevada, 227 p.
Qf2b
l
l
Qai Qf2a Qf2b Qf2a Qf1 sediment from uppermost beds of organic-rich floodplain mud in Qf2a range Active and most recently abandoned alluvial fans (present vesicular flow tops and devitrified, massive flow interiors that commonly have
Qm2b Qay
l
20 Foster, L.J., 1933, Report on Humboldt River Investigations, Nevada: U. S. Bureau of
Qf2b
from about 2,060 to 2,600 cal yr BP (House and others, 2001). to late Pleistocene)MYoung, coarse-grained alluvial fan deposits platy joints. Vesicles commonly are elongated into narrow tubes several cm
l

Dsc Qf2a Qf2a Qf2a Reclamation, Denver, Colorado, 116 p., 9 plates.
Qay2
Qm2b Qf1 Dsc and dominantly fine-grained valley fill in upland areas of Sheep Creek Range. long. Plagioclase 40Ar/39Ar age of 15.42±0.08 Ma from a sample collected in Gilluly, J., and Gates, O., 1965, Tectonic and igneous geology of the northern Shoshone
Qf2b Qf2a Range, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 465, 153 p.
Qf2b Qm1b Qf2b (about 3,500 to 5,600 cal yr BP)MDeposits of flat, Izzenhood Spring Quadrangle (John and Wrucke, 2002). Minimum thickness Hawley, J.W., and Wilson, W.E. III, 1965, Quaternary geology of the Winnemucca area,
Qai Qay2 2b Qf
Qf2b Tba Qf2b Qf2b Qf2b generally featureless floodplain terraces with a thicker (as much Qay1 (present to middle Holocene) Alluvial fan deposits is about 500 to 600 m in north-central part of quadrangle. Nevada: University of Nevada, Desert Research Institute, Technical Report 5, 66 p.
Qay1 Qay1 House, P.K., Ramelli, A.R., and Wrucke, C.T., 2001, Geologic map of the Battle Mountain
Qay2 as 1 m) and more continuous mantle of eolian silt and fine sand than Qf2a. with surfaces characterized by fresh to subdued bar-and-swale
Qf2 Quadrangle, Lander County, Nevada: Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Map 130,
Qf2 Qf2b Conspicuously white in aerial photographs, and includes a prominent, 1.5- morphology. Slightly inset below adjacent older surfaces at fan heads, but Basalt and andesite tuff (Miocene)MDark-brown to brick-red to
Qf2b Qf2b Qf1 Qf2b Tt scale 1:24,000.
Qf1 Qf2b Qf2b Tba 4 Qf2b Qf2a by 5-km terrace adjacent to Stony Point. Qf2b surfaces range from 0.5 to have minimal topographic separation at mid-fan and distal locations. orange, finely bedded, poorly to densely welded, moderately House, P.K., Ramelli, A.R., Wrucke, C.T., and John, D.A., 2000, Geologic map of the
Qf2a Qf2b Qf1 Qf1 Argenta Quadrangle, Nevada: Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Open-File Report
Qf2b 1.5 m higher than Qf2a surfaces. Qf2b deposits have fewer and less distinct Surface clasts have weak to incipient rock varnish. Soils are typically A-C porphyritic basalt to andesite tuff. Contains 10 to 20% fine- to medium-grained
Qf2a Qf1 Qf2a Qf2b 2000-7, scale 1:24,000.
organic-rich beds and fewer gastropod shells than Qf1 and Qf2a deposits. In profiles with a 0- to 5-cm-thick Av horizon (vesicular A) and a 30- to 50-cm- plagioclase, clinopyroxene, olivine, and opaque oxide phenocrysts in variably
?

John, D.A., and Wrucke, C.T., 2002, Geologic map of the Izzenhood Spring Quadrangle,
Qf2b Qf1 Qf2a Qf2b
Qf2a Qm2b A Qf2a many exposures, Qf2b is composed of 1.5 to 2.0 m of interbedded fluvial thick Bk horizon (Stage I CaCO3 with noncontinuous clast coatings). devitrified groundmass. Small lithic fragments of basalt and/or andesite locally Lander County, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Map I-
2668, scale 1:24,000.
Qf2 260±60 yr BP (dominant) and eolian sediments immediately overlying Mazama tephra abundant. Forms small outcrops as much as 80 m thick overlying basalt and
Qf2b McKee, E.H., and Silberman, M.L., 1970, Geochronology of Tertiary igneous rocks in
(7,627 ± 150 cal yr BP; Zdanowicz and others, 1999). Cut-bank exposures Qay2 (early Holocene to late Pleistocene)MAlluvial fan andesite sequence and underlying trachydacite unit along south flank of central Nevada: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 81, no. 8, p. 2317-2328.
Qay2
Qf2b of Qf2b along Qm1b channel occupied by Rock Creek contain beds of deposits with fully smoothed surfaces generally inset slightly Sheep Creek Range in northeast part of quadrangle. Morrison, R.B., 1991, Quaternary stratigraphic, hydrologic, and climatic history of the Great
? Qf2b Qm1b Qf2a
Basin, with emphasis on Lakes Lahontan, Bonneville, and Tecopa, in Morrison, R.B.,
Qm2a Qm1c reworked Mazama tephra up to 1.5 m thick overlying a clean tephra bed as below adjacent older surfaces at fan heads, but have minimal topographic
Qf2a Qf2a Qf2a ed., Quaternary nonglacial geology; Conterminous U.S.: Boulder, Colorado, Geological
Qf2 B 6720±60 yr BP Qs much as 10 cm thick. At one of these sites, organic mud buried by Mazama separation at mid-fan and distal locations. Surface clasts have moderate to Society of America, The Geology of North America, v. K-2.
Qf2b Qf2b Qf2a
tephra yielded an age of about 7,600 cal yr BP (table 1, sample B); this dark rock varnish. Soils typically consist of a 5- to 10-cm-thick Av (vesicular Stuiver, M., Reimer, P.J., Bard, E., Beck, J.W., Burr, G.S., Hughen, K.A., Kromer, B.,
?

Qf2a Qf2a McCormac, G., van der Plicht, J., and Spurk, M., 1998, INTCAL98 Radiocarbon Age
Qf2b deposit, designated as Qf3, is not mapped here but is described and shown A) horizon, 10- to 20-cm-thick Bw (cambic) horizon, and a 50- to 100-cm- Calibration, 24,000-0 cal yr BP: Radiocarbon, v. 43, p. 1041-1084.
Qf2a Qf2b in cross section by House and others (2001). Gastropod shells from base thick Bk horizon (Stage I CaCO3 with continuous coatings as much as 1 Talma, A.S., and Vogel, J.C., 1993, A simplified approach to calibrating 14C dates:
Qf2a
?

Qf2a Qf2a Qf2a of Qf2b yielded ages of about 5,500 and 5,600 cal yr BP (House and mm thick). Radiocarbon, v. 35, p. 317-322.
Qf2b Zdanowicz, C.M., Zielinski, G.A., and Germani, M.S., 1999, Mount Mazama eruption;
Qf2a Qf2a others, 2001). calendrical age and atmospheric impact assessed: Geology, v. 27, no. 7, p. 621-624.
Qs
?

? Qm1b Qf2b
Qf2a ? Qm1c Qf2a
Qf2a Alluvial deposits of Humboldt River and Rock Creek Piedmont and slope deposits Bedrock units
Qf2a
Qm1c
Qf2a ? Qf2b Qf1 Floodplain deposits Meander-belt deposits Splay deposits Alluvial fan deposits Mass-wasting deposits Colluvial deposits
Qf1 0 0 0
?

ContactMDashed where approximately located.


? Qf2b Qs Qf1a Qm1b
Qf2b
Qf2 Qf2b
? Qf2a
Qs 1,000 Paleomeander trace
?

Qf2
Qf2
Qf2a 1,000 Qf1
Qf2a Qf2a
Qf2a Qf1b Qm1c ?
Qf2b Qf2a
Qay1 Qs FaultMDashed where approximately located or inferred;
Qm1b Qm1c 2,000
Qf2a
Qf2a Qf2a Qf2a 2,000 dotted where concealed; queried where uncertain;
?

Qf2b Qf2a Qm2a ball on downthrown side.


?

Qf1b
Qf2a
Qf1 Qf1
Qf2a Qf2a Qf2a
Qf2a Qm2b £ £ £ £ £ £ £ £
Qf2 Qf2b Qf2a Qf2a
Qay1
3,000 Qay1 Thrust faultMDashed where approximately located or inferred;
?

Qf1 3,000 Qly saw teeth on upper plate.


Qf2b Qf2b
?
£

Qf2a Qay

Holocene
Qf2b
Qf1b Tib Qf2 Qm2 Qay l l l l l

Qf2b
Qf2b 4,000
Qf2a
Qf2 Qf1b Qf1b Qc Qcb Fluvial scarp
Tib
£

Qay1

QUATERNARY
Qf2b Qf2a OFv 4,000
Qf1 £
Qf2b
£ l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l

Qf2b Qf2 Qf1b


Boundary of landslide depositMShown where depositional
£

Qf2
£

Qf2a Qf1b
£ 5,000
Calibrated yr BP

Qf1b Qf2 Dsc against older units; hachure marks on deposit side of boundary,
Qf1
£

Qf1b
Qf2a Qf1 dashed where approximately located, dotted where concealed.
QUATERNARY

14
Qf1b
£
Qf2a Qf1b
10
£ £ £

C yr BP
Holocene
?

Qf1b Qf2
5,000
Qf1b Qf1b
Qf2a Strike and dip of beds
£

Qf2a Qf2 Tib 6,000


Qf1b
Qf2a Qf1b
Qf1b Qay2
Qf1b
£

20
Qay1 Tib
£ Tib Inclined
Qf1
£

Qf2a Qf1 Tib

2
Qf1a Qf2 £
Qf1b Qf2a Qf1b Qf1b Dsc
7,000
6,000 ? Direction and plunge of fold axis
Qf2b
?

Qf2a Qf1b OFv


Qf1b Qf1b
£ 10
£

Qs Qf2a Qf2a Qf2a Qay1 Tib

Pleistocene
Qf1b
Qf1 Mazama tephra
£

14
Qai Fossil localityMShowing U.S. Geological Survey collection
£

Qf2a Dsc 7,000 10,000 C yr BP


OFv
Qf2a Qf1b Qf2a Qm2 £ 8,000 number.
?

Qf2a Qf2a
?

£ ? ?
£ £

Qf2a
Qf1b Qay 11525-CO
Qf1 Qf2a Qf2a Qf2a £ Qao
Qf2a £
£

Qf1
Qf2a Qay1
Qay
Tib 8,000 Sample location for 14C analysis, and associated 14C age
Qf2a Qf2b 9,000
£ £

Qf1 Tib
Dsc (see table)
Qf2a B
Qf1b Qf2 Tib 6720±60 yr BP
Qf1b Qay
£ £ Ql
Dsc Tib
Qf1 Qf2 BrecciaMSilicified fault breccia zone in Slaven Chert.
£

Qf1b Qf2a Qm2 10,000 9,000


Tib
?

Qf2 Qay1
£ £

Dsc UNCONFORMITY
Qay Dsc 11525-
Qf1 Qai CO
Areas of significant disturbance due to mineral resource
Qf1b Qf2a
Qf2
Qf2a Qay £ Tob
Qf2a Qay1 11,000 extraction.
Dsc Dsc
£ £

Qf2a Qai £ £ £ Tib Qf4 10,000 Tpd


Pleistocene

Qm2 Qay
£

Qf1 OFv
116°52'30"

116°45'00"
£

Qf4 £ £ £ 12,000
£

Qf4 Qf2a Qf2b


Qm2 Dsc Notes
Qf2a Qf2b
Tib 1
Real years derived from calibration of 14C ages.
Tpa
OFv 2 14
Qf2b Qf2b Qai C year scale is nonlinear due to variations in atmospheric 14C content over time.
TERTIARY
?

Miocene

Td Primary mapping responsibilities:


40°37'30" R45E R46E 40°37'30" House and Ramelli: Quaternary river deposits; Ramelli: Quaternary
piedmont and slope deposits. Fieldwork done in 1998-2001.
Wrucke: Paleozoic rocks. Fieldwork done in 1996-2001. John: Tertiary

GEOLOGIC MAP OF THE STONY POINT QUADRANGLE, Table 1. Radiocarbon Sample Information Tt volcanic rocks. Fieldwork done in 1998-2000.

Sample Lab ID Material Depth (cm) Map Unit Sampled Unit1 Stratigraphic context 14C age (yr BP)2 Calibrated 14C age Office Review by: John Bell (NBMG), Christopher Henry (NBMG), Jerry
3
(cal yr BP) Tba Miller (Western Carolina University, Cullowhee, N.C.), Ted Theodore

LANDER COUNTY, NEVADA


(USGS, Menlo Park).
A Beta-154714 charcoal 100 Qm1b Qf1a Floodplain mud in Qm1b 260 ± 60 470–260 Field Review by: John Bell (NBMG), Jon Price (NBMG).
Scale 1:24,000
adjacent to onlap with Qf2b 220–140
0 0.5 1 kilometer Tib First edition, first printing, 2001
Printed by Bear Industries, Sparks, Nevada
B Beta-129627 soil 125 Qf2b Qf3 4 Black organic mud immediately 6,720 ± 60 7,670–7,475
Edited by Dick Meeuwig; cartography by Robert Chaney

Alan R. Ramelli, P. Kyle House, below clean Mazama tephra UNCONFORMITY


0 0.5 1 mile Upper plate of the Roberts Mountains thrust
Geologic mapping was supported by the U.S. Geological Survey
£ £ £ £
DEVONIAN

1
Discrepancy between map unit and sampled unit indicates complex subsurface stratigraphic relations (e.g., burial or interbedding) or stratigraphic discrimination in STATEMAP Program (Agreement No. 1434-HQ-97-AG-01766). National

Chester T. Wrucke, and David A. John


TO LATE CAMBRIAN

0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 feet outcrop too fine to map accurately. See unit descriptions and House and others (2001) for further clarification.
Dsc Dss

ult
2
Science Foundation, Hydrologic Sciences Program (grant EAR-9996284).
Uncalibrated radiocarbon age in years before 1950.

Fa
ORDOVICIAN

CONTOUR INTERVAL 40 FEET 3


Calibrated age in calendar years before 1950 AD (Stuiver and others, 1998; Talma and Vogel, 1993). Calibration of conventional radiocarbon ages sometimes results in
Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology

st
2001
SUPPLEMENTARY CONTOUR INTERVAL 5 FEET more than one age range because of variability in atmospheric 14C content over time.

ru
OFv OFvq University of Nevada, Mail Stop 178

Th
4
Unit described and shown on cross section on House and others (2001).
Base map: U.S. Geological Survey Stony Point 7.5' Quadrangle, 1985 Reno, Nevada 89557-0088
£ £ £ £ (775) 784-6691, ext. 2,
www.nbmg.unr.edu; nbmgsales@unr.edu