Chapter 6 - Call Admission Control

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A. Location~based
B. RAS~based
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l. Allow four concurrent calls to BRl and from BRl.
2. Allow five concurrent calls from HQ and BRl to BR2 and
vice versa.
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l. This task will be accomplished using location based
CAC. Using our location for BRl we will limit the
bandwidth to the requested extent.
Since we are instructed to allow four concurrent
calls, which use the g729 codec, we should define the
bandwidth as 96k, since the CallManager treats every
g729 call as 24k no matter what layer two it uses {use
the help function on the website for "This Page" if
you need to see the bandwidth for the different
codecs|.
The following will show the requested settings:
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Since location is now part of the device pool
structure every phone in the BRl site will now
participate.
2. This task requires RAS based CAC. We should define
that the gatekeeper will allow total bandwidth of 80k
to go via it, since it treats every g729 call as l6k.
The command to define it is 'bandwidth total zone
voiceie 80', and it should look like that:
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Use the 'show gatekeeper call' to verify what
bandwidth the calls are requesting.
Learn how to identify when a call does not work
because of bandwidth issues. You will find that the
phones status line displays a message that be default
is "Not Enough Bandwidth".
This message can also be change in the CallManager
service parameters:
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Chapter 7 - High Availability Features
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A. SRST
B. AAR
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l. Configure BRl as an SRST router.
2. Make sure you only allow BRl Phone l to register via
SRST in downtime period.
3. Preserve all PSTN dialing without using 9 as the first
digit in the string.
4. When in SRST mode, the BRl Phone l is not allowed to
dial international calls.
5. Allow HQ Phone l and BRl Phone l to call each other in
times when more then 4 concurrent calls are open
between the sites.
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l. In order to configure BRl as an SRST router you would
need to define on it the 'call~manager~fallback' and
also fallback from MGCP to h.323.
This is done by defining the following things on the
gateway:
To enable fallback to SRST:
The 'call~manager~fallback':
In the BRl device pool we set the SRST reference point
to be the default gateway. Since in this case the SRST
router is also the default gateway, we don't have to
create a reference point for it, we can use the pre
defined setting in the device pool configuration page.
2. The BR2 phone will not register as it is a SIP phone
and requires special configuration. SRST mode can
either support SIP or SCCP and not both.
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3. For this task to work, you simply need to use the
dial~peers we created earlier and test that calls work
without dialing 9 first.
4. This task requires applying COR in the "call~manager~
fallback" configuration as well as applying COR to the
International dial~peer created earlier. We will first
need to create the COR list and members:
Then we would add the COR list of "International" to
the International dial~peer:
Next we would add the "phonel" COR list in the "call~
manager~fallback" configuration and apply it to BRl
Phone l:
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TIP: for more reference to IOS COR, please read the
following:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk652/tk90/
technologies_configuration_example09l86a0080l9d649.shtml
5. This request refers to AAR setup, which allows call
rerouting to the PSTN when location bandwidth
limitations are reached.
For AAR to work you need to enable it in the
CallManager service parameters:
You will then need to create and assign AAR group to
devices and have the correct route pattern for
fallback:
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You will need to add both HQ and BRl AAR groups and
then set the dial prefix between the sites:
What AAR does is that when bandwidth limit is reached,
it uses the external phone number mask and adds the
AAR group prefix to it. The call is then sent to the
dial plan and if a matched pattern is found, the call
is processed.
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Since it might require patterns not allowed to the
user on regular bases {long distance etc.|, AAR can
use different partitions and calling search spaces. So
lets create those now:
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Repeat for BRl:
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Now before assigning the group to devices we will need
to create route patterns which will send the calls
from one site to the other out the local site gateway.
We can not use the toll bypass patterns created
earlier because the toll bypass patterns will route
the call over IP WAN and therefore will not work.
So lets create new route list for HQ and BRl with only
the local gateway for each site defined. Make sure to
select the external phone number mask as "On" and
discard digits as "predot"|:
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Chapter 7 High Availability Features
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Once we have the route list created we can then add
the route patterns. Make sure you put the proper
pattern in the proper partition:
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Now we can assign HQ Phone l and BRl Phone l the AAR
CSS. As well as under the line settings for each phone
we can assign the AAR group settings. Also verify that
the external phone number mask is correct{Repeat for
both phones|:
Under the line:
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Test SRST by shutting down the wan interface of BRl
and verifying that phones are able to do all that is
required.
Test AAR by lowering the location bandwidth amount and
forcing the call to be blocked.
AAR can fail in several places, learn how to
distinguish the location bandwidth phone prompt, from
the AAR phone prompt.
If you get the AAR phone prompt then the problem is
probably in the dial plan.
If no AAR prompt is displayed {only the bandwidth
prompt|, then you should probably enable AAR globally
and on the device.
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