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Freyssinet PSC (M) Sdn Bhd

22/06/2012

Estimation of Prestressing Losses Beam mark : Prestressing detail: Overall tendon length L : Strand area, As : Ultimate tensile strength (UTS) : Strand Elastic modulus, Es : Concrete properties Tansfer cube strength : Elastic modulus at transfer, Eci : Sectional area considered, Ac : Prestressing parameter Friction coeff.,  Wobble factor, K : Draw-in : Jacking force per strand : Total jacking force, Pj : Span Span 1 Span 2 Span 3 Span 4 Length (mm) 7975 8350 8350 7300 Zone A2 HPB-OV1 50 35.575 140 261 195000 (Cable A, B, C, D, E ) nos.15.24mm dia.strand (2/7K15 + 3/12K15) m (1 end stressing) mm2 kN N/mm2

25 N/mm2 26000 N/mm2 8.16E+05 mm2

1600 x 510

0.20 /rad 0.0033 /m 8 mm 195.8 kN 9790.0 kN h1 (mm) 310 360 360 350 h2 (mm) 100 140 150 120 ( 75% U.T.S )

h3 (mm) 360 360 350 360

Vertical angular change  (rad.) 0.4715 0.4216 0.3928 0.5151 1.8009 Average horizontal angular change  (rad.)

Length Cable A Cable B Cable C Cable D Cable E (mm) 5000 5000 5000 5000 5000

h1 (mm) 600 300 0 -300 -600

h2 (mm) -500 -800 -1100 800 500

No. of strand (nos) 7 12 12 12 7

0.4400

Summation of vertical + horizontal  Short term losses 1. Friction Friction loss factor, e-(+KL) = Prestressed force at non stressing end, Pd = Force gradient, m = Length affected by draw-in, L' = Residual force at stressing end, Pr = Residual force at L', PL' = Residual force at midspan, Pm = 0.5680 5561.0 kN 118.88 kN/m 9.584 m 7511.3 kN 8650.7 kN 7675.5 kN

2.2409

Beam Design (GF) HPB-OV1-A2

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Freyssinet PSC (M) Sdn Bhd Average prestressed force, Pavg = 7368.6 kN

22/06/2012

Beam Design (GF) HPB-OV1-A2

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Freyssinet PSC (M) Sdn Bhd

22/06/2012

2. Elastic shortening Average prestressed stress, fpc = Losses = fpc * Es * n * As / Eci = 9.03 N/mm2 474.1 kN 6894.5 kN 8.45 N/mm2

Average prestressed force after short term losses, Pave = Average concrete stress after short term losses, fcp' = Deferred losses 3. Steel relaxation Percentage for Pave / Puts 1000 hrs Relaxation = = 52.8 % 0.68 %

Losses of prestressed force at transfer = 4. Shrinkage Shrinkage strain, sh = Losses = 5. Creep Creep coefficient,  = Creep strain, cc = fcp' * / Eci = Losses = cc* Es * n * As = 1.8 5.85E-04 sh * Es * n * As = 2.00E-04

47.1 kN

273.0 kN

798.4 kN

Summary Effective average prestressing force after all losses, Pavg eff. = ( > 5775.9 kN 44.3% UTS ) 5600 kN (Engineer requirement)

Beam Design (GF) HPB-OV1-A2

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