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SPI/SPD Technical Committee Guideline

A Guideline for Extruded Polyethylene (PE) Sheet

Sheet Producers Division (SPD) The Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc. 1801 K Street, N.W., Suite 600K Washington, D.C. 20006 Printed: August 16, 2001 SPI/SPD 0994-02 AZ-107

Reviewed and Modified by: SPI/SPD Technical Committee Last Revision . AS TO FITNESS. MERCHANTABILITY. Information provided herein is offered WITHOUT WARRANTY.A SPECIFICATION FOR EXTRUDED SHEET. 0. Inc.010" AND ABOVE. and is not designed to be used as a standard or specification. DISCLAIMER: This Guideline was prepared by SPI and the Sheet Producers Division as a service for its members. OR ANY OTHER MATTER.9/30/94 Printed: August 16. IN WHICH POLYETHYLENE (PE) RESIN(S) REPRESENT THE ONLY POLYMER(S) PRESENT OR AT LEAST THE MAJOR SHEET COMPONENT (>50%) IN BLENDS. This recommended test procedure is voluntary. ALLOYS. EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. 2001 Copyright © 1994/95 The Society of the Plastics Industry. Page 2 . LAMINATES OR COEXTRUDED COMPOSITES WITH OTHER THERMOPLASTIC RESINS.

STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR EXTRUDED POLYETHYLENE (PE) SHEET 1. 1.4 2. bought and sold.010" and above. 2. unless other understandings and agreements are developed between the buyer and seller.2 1.” Sheet Producers Division. 1. laminates or coextruded composites with other thermoplastic resins This Standard 'Specification is the basis on which extruded PE sheet is judged.2 Other Documents “Standards and Practices of Custom Sheet Extruders. in which PE resin(s) represent the only polymer(s) present or at least the major sheet component (>50%) in blends. Inc.3 1. This Standard Specification is not based on the performance of vacuum formed parts produced from the sheet nor sheet components.1 SCOPE This specification covers all extruded sheet . Society of the Plastics Industry. 2001 Copyright © 1994/95 The Society of the Plastics Industry. alloys. Printed: August 16.1 APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS ASTM Standards D-374 D-883 D-1898 D-1238 D-1248 D-1505 Thickness of Solid Electrical Insulation Definition of Terms Relating to Plastics Recommended Practice for Sampling of Plastics Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer Polyethylene Plastics Molding and Extrusion Materials Standard Test Method for Density of Plastics by the Density Gradient Technique 2. Page 3 . This Standard Specification is based on the measurement and test results of extruded PE sheet involving those performance parameters that can be controlled and conveniently tested using current acceptable commercial practices..

040"-0. 2001 Copyright © 1994/95 The Society of the Plastics Industry.020"-0.019" 0. 4.Unless otherwise agreed upon between the buyer and seller. Page 4 . width.2. Color. “Nominal length. literature and the like.2 4.100" & over TOLERANCE + 1. width and thickness as specified and shown on orders. invoices.1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Appearance.5 mils + 3.2 4.2.1 Thickness .The nominal length.2. Inc.Thickness tolerances vary with the thickness~ a~ shown below: SHEET THICKNESS 0. width and thickness” the length. 4.029" 0.039" 0.2.2 3.The extruded PE sheet will conform to the agreement reached between the buyer and seller and to accepted commercial practice. 3.030"-0.099" 0. and thickness of the PE sheet shall be agreed upon between the buyer and seller.0 mils + 2. 3.3.1 TERMINOLOGY The plastic terminology used in this specification is in accordance with the definitions given in definitions ASTM D-883. tolerances should be agreed upon by the extruder and thermoformer.5 mils + 2.1 4. product labels. the following tolerances represent PE sheet produced under accepted commercial practice.010"-0. Tolerances . Description of Terms Specific to this Standard.0 mils + 4% Printed: August 16. For sheet wider than 48".2. Dimensions: Size .1 4. Finish .

2 Width/Transverse Direction (TD) .2.Flatness is a non-standard test and if a requirement.See Table I below: Table I: Cell Level Description A B C D E F G Condition (ASTM D-1238) 190/21.Length Tolerance varies + 1/4" or + 1/16"/ft.2 Melt Index <7 7-14 14.5 Flatness . 2001 Copyright © 1994/95 The Society of the Plastics Industry. Inc.16 190/2.4.2.6 190/21.Width Tolerance + 1/16" per foot. Page 5 .16 190/2.6 190/21.1-20 0. 4.6 190/2.56-0.2. 4. 5. must be agreed upon between the buyer and seller. Cell I .16 5. (MD) . Open (to be agreed upon by parties 4.Melt index as measured from sheet .3 Length/Machine Direction.16 190/2.2.86 and up Printed: August 16.2.2.1 CLASSIFICATION Other extruded PE sheet physical properties and requirements are classified into 5 cells.85 0.2. 5.10-0.25 0. Therefore.2. whichever is greater.55 0. extruded PE sheet is described with a 5 cell designation containing alphabetic letter units. Cells are limited to 5 performance parameters which are directly controlled by the extruder in the sheet extrusion process.Squareness tolerance or difference between the diagonal measurements (corner to corner) varies with the length of the diagonal as shown below: LENGTH OF DIAGONAL Under 2' 2' to 12' Over 12' TOLERANCE ±1/8 ±1/16" in/ft.26-0.4 Squareness .

alloys.4.2 Cell Level Designation A B C D E F G H I J Average Percent Shrinkage <10 Maximum 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80-89 >90 5. 900.940-0.1 Cell III .4 5.Sheet Orientation (% Shrinkage in the Machine Direction) This cell denotes the amount of shrinkage (%) in the machine direction produced by a hot air oven test described in Section 7. Page 6 .920-0. 5. Cell Level Description A B C D E Density < 0.Density as measured from sheet.4. Inc.900 0. 2001 Copyright © 1994/95 The Society of the Plastics Industry.4. etc.5.3 Cell II .Filled or Alloyed Material This cell classifies PE sheet as containing non-PE material such as particulate fillers or blends.919 0.939 0. 5.1 Allowable shrinkage range to be determined between buyer and seller.2. Printed: August 16.5 Cell IV .0.959 0.960+ 5.

Non-Weather Resistant . Cell Level Designation A B . 7. This makes no attempt to define degree of weatherability. Page 7 .1 SAMPLING Samples for test purposes shall be taken in accordance with the extruders' quality control procedures unless otherwise agreed upon between the buyer and seller.6.2 6.The tests given herein are intended primarily for use as production tests in conjunction with manufacturing processes and inspection methods to conformity of sheet with the requirements of this specification.Weather Resistant Nomenclature This cell classified extruded PE sheet as being WEATHER RESISTANT OR NON-WEATHER RESISTANT to provide guidance for proper application and use. The extruder shall keep such essential records and other information to document his claim that the requirements of this specification are met with a high degree of assurance. requirements and suitability for any specific application or product life time must be agreed upon between buyer and seller. 2001 Copyright © 1994/95 The Society of the Plastics Industry.Weather Resistant 5.6.During the process of manufacture.2 Printed: August 16. 7. 7. but merely designates that some additional effort has been made to improve weather resistance over normal PE performance.1 TEST METHODS General .Cell Level Designation A B < 10% Non-PE Material > 10% Non-PE Material 5.6 5. Inc. the extruder shall make inspections and tests in accordance with methods described by this specification.1 Cell V . The actual performance. Production Inspection and Testing . 6.

Page 8 .Measurements shall be made with a calibrated steel tape graduated at intervals of 1/16 inch.The samples of sheet shall be visually inspected to determine conformance of the sheet with the requirements of 4.6 7.7.The thickness of PE sheet 0.Test specimens shall be prepared in accordance with D-1248 and shall be tested under these conditions for referee tests or in the case of disputes. and measured to the nearest 1/16 inch. Inc. Shrinkage (Hot Air Oven Test) The average percent sheet shrinkage in the machine direction shall be determined by the SPI/SPD procedure”Test Method for Orientation of Plastic Sheeting by Means of a Hot Air Oven. Width and Squareness .1. 2001 Copyright © 1994/95 The Society of the Plastics Industry.010 inch and greater should be determined with a ratchet micrometer using Method A of Test Methods D-374. Thickness .” 7.7 Printed: August 16. Length.4 7.3 Inspection . Conditioning .5 7.