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A Guideline for Extruded Polyethylene (PE) Sheet
Sheet Producers Division (SPD) The Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc. 1801 K Street, N.W., Suite 600K Washington, D.C. 20006 Printed: August 16, 2001 SPI/SPD 0994-02 AZ-107
Information provided herein is offered WITHOUT WARRANTY. Reviewed and Modified by: SPI/SPD Technical Committee Last Revision . DISCLAIMER: This Guideline was prepared by SPI and the Sheet Producers Division as a service for its members. and is not designed to be used as a standard or specification. EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. 2001 Copyright © 1994/95 The Society of the Plastics Industry. Page 2 .A SPECIFICATION FOR EXTRUDED SHEET. MERCHANTABILITY. AS TO FITNESS. This recommended test procedure is voluntary.9/30/94 Printed: August 16. OR ANY OTHER MATTER. IN WHICH POLYETHYLENE (PE) RESIN(S) REPRESENT THE ONLY POLYMER(S) PRESENT OR AT LEAST THE MAJOR SHEET COMPONENT (>50%) IN BLENDS. ALLOYS. 0.010" AND ABOVE. LAMINATES OR COEXTRUDED COMPOSITES WITH OTHER THERMOPLASTIC RESINS. Inc.
1. Society of the Plastics Industry.STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR EXTRUDED POLYETHYLENE (PE) SHEET 1.2 Other Documents “Standards and Practices of Custom Sheet Extruders. Inc. 2. 1.4 2.010" and above.1 SCOPE This specification covers all extruded sheet . This Standard Specification is based on the measurement and test results of extruded PE sheet involving those performance parameters that can be controlled and conveniently tested using current acceptable commercial practices.3 1. bought and sold.1 APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS ASTM Standards D-374 D-883 D-1898 D-1238 D-1248 D-1505 Thickness of Solid Electrical Insulation Definition of Terms Relating to Plastics Recommended Practice for Sampling of Plastics Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer Polyethylene Plastics Molding and Extrusion Materials Standard Test Method for Density of Plastics by the Density Gradient Technique 2. laminates or coextruded composites with other thermoplastic resins This Standard 'Specification is the basis on which extruded PE sheet is judged. 2001 Copyright © 1994/95 The Society of the Plastics Industry.” Sheet Producers Division. unless other understandings and agreements are developed between the buyer and seller.2 1. in which PE resin(s) represent the only polymer(s) present or at least the major sheet component (>50%) in blends.. Page 3 . alloys. Printed: August 16. This Standard Specification is not based on the performance of vacuum formed parts produced from the sheet nor sheet components.
width and thickness” the length.019" 0.2 4.010"-0. 4.029" 0. Dimensions: Size . Page 4 .The nominal length.0 mils + 4% Printed: August 16.2. Color.2 3. tolerances should be agreed upon by the extruder and thermoformer. 2001 Copyright © 1994/95 The Society of the Plastics Industry. invoices.099" 0.2. Finish . and thickness of the PE sheet shall be agreed upon between the buyer and seller. 3. width and thickness as specified and shown on orders. width. Description of Terms Specific to this Standard.Thickness tolerances vary with the thickness~ a~ shown below: SHEET THICKNESS 0. 3.2 4.020"-0.1 Thickness . Inc.030"-0. the following tolerances represent PE sheet produced under accepted commercial practice.040"-0.2.5 mils + 3.3. product labels. literature and the like.2.1 4.1 TERMINOLOGY The plastic terminology used in this specification is in accordance with the definitions given in definitions ASTM D-883.2.The extruded PE sheet will conform to the agreement reached between the buyer and seller and to accepted commercial practice.Unless otherwise agreed upon between the buyer and seller.039" 0.0 mils + 2.1 4. “Nominal length. 4. Tolerances .1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Appearance.100" & over TOLERANCE + 1. For sheet wider than 48".5 mils + 2.
56-0.55 0.Length Tolerance varies + 1/4" or + 1/16"/ft.3 Length/Machine Direction. whichever is greater. 2001 Copyright © 1994/95 The Society of the Plastics Industry.2.4. extruded PE sheet is described with a 5 cell designation containing alphabetic letter units.2.2 Melt Index <7 7-14 14.10-0.Melt index as measured from sheet .25 0.Flatness is a non-standard test and if a requirement.16 190/2.1 CLASSIFICATION Other extruded PE sheet physical properties and requirements are classified into 5 cells. 4. 4.4 Squareness .Squareness tolerance or difference between the diagonal measurements (corner to corner) varies with the length of the diagonal as shown below: LENGTH OF DIAGONAL Under 2' 2' to 12' Over 12' TOLERANCE ±1/8 ±1/16" in/ft. Inc.6 190/21. Cell I . Open (to be agreed upon by parties 4.Width Tolerance + 1/16" per foot.26-0.5 Flatness .6 190/2. Page 5 .2. (MD) . 5.2.1-20 0.2. must be agreed upon between the buyer and seller. Therefore.16 190/2.2 Width/Transverse Direction (TD) .16 5.2.16 190/2.86 and up Printed: August 16.2.6 190/21. Cells are limited to 5 performance parameters which are directly controlled by the extruder in the sheet extrusion process.See Table I below: Table I: Cell Level Description A B C D E F G Condition (ASTM D-1238) 190/21.85 0. 5.2.
5.4. Cell Level Description A B C D E Density < 0.2. 5.920-0. etc.939 0. Page 6 .919 0.4 5. 900.Filled or Alloyed Material This cell classifies PE sheet as containing non-PE material such as particulate fillers or blends.3 Cell II .900 0. alloys.Density as measured from sheet.0. 2001 Copyright © 1994/95 The Society of the Plastics Industry.2 Cell Level Designation A B C D E F G H I J Average Percent Shrinkage <10 Maximum 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80-89 >90 5.1 Cell III .5.5 Cell IV .959 0. Printed: August 16.960+ 5.4.940-0.4.1 Allowable shrinkage range to be determined between buyer and seller. Inc.Sheet Orientation (% Shrinkage in the Machine Direction) This cell denotes the amount of shrinkage (%) in the machine direction produced by a hot air oven test described in Section 7.
The actual performance.Weather Resistant Nomenclature This cell classified extruded PE sheet as being WEATHER RESISTANT OR NON-WEATHER RESISTANT to provide guidance for proper application and use.2 Printed: August 16. requirements and suitability for any specific application or product life time must be agreed upon between buyer and seller.During the process of manufacture.1 TEST METHODS General .1 Cell V .2 6. Inc.Weather Resistant 5. but merely designates that some additional effort has been made to improve weather resistance over normal PE performance. the extruder shall make inspections and tests in accordance with methods described by this specification.6. 7. 7. Page 7 . 2001 Copyright © 1994/95 The Society of the Plastics Industry. Cell Level Designation A B . 7.6 5.The tests given herein are intended primarily for use as production tests in conjunction with manufacturing processes and inspection methods to conformity of sheet with the requirements of this specification. The extruder shall keep such essential records and other information to document his claim that the requirements of this specification are met with a high degree of assurance.6.Non-Weather Resistant . This makes no attempt to define degree of weatherability.Cell Level Designation A B < 10% Non-PE Material > 10% Non-PE Material 5. Production Inspection and Testing . 6.1 SAMPLING Samples for test purposes shall be taken in accordance with the extruders' quality control procedures unless otherwise agreed upon between the buyer and seller.
7 Printed: August 16.6 7. 2001 Copyright © 1994/95 The Society of the Plastics Industry. Length. Shrinkage (Hot Air Oven Test) The average percent sheet shrinkage in the machine direction shall be determined by the SPI/SPD procedure”Test Method for Orientation of Plastic Sheeting by Means of a Hot Air Oven.010 inch and greater should be determined with a ratchet micrometer using Method A of Test Methods D-374.Test specimens shall be prepared in accordance with D-1248 and shall be tested under these conditions for referee tests or in the case of disputes.The samples of sheet shall be visually inspected to determine conformance of the sheet with the requirements of 4. Width and Squareness .1.7. Thickness .4 7.The thickness of PE sheet 0.Measurements shall be made with a calibrated steel tape graduated at intervals of 1/16 inch.5 7. and measured to the nearest 1/16 inch. Inc.3 Inspection . Conditioning . Page 8 .” 7.
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