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DHS1124 Microbiology, Environmental Health, Epidemiology and Nutrition Mid Semester Examination, Year 1 Sem 1

Section A Multiple Choice Questions 1. What is microbiology? a. A study of viruses, microscopic infectious agents that is unable to grow or reproduce outside host cell b. A study of fungi, a eukaryotic organism without leaves, flowers, or roots, that reproduce by spores c. A study of microorganisms which are microscopic organisms d. The branch of biology concerned with the study of animals 2. Which of the following is not involved in the development of microscope? a. John Needham b. Carl Zeiss c. Ernst Ruska d. Anton van Leeuwenhoek 3. Pandemic means a. A disease which is present within a population b. A disease which spread through populations across a large region c. The appearance of a new case of disease in a population d. The branch of biology concerned with the study of animals 4. Who claims that life arose spontaneously? a. Ernst Ruska b. John Needham c. Louis Pasteur d. Francesco Redi 5. Regarding bacteria morphology, which of the following best describe spirochetes? a. Oval and look like cocci b. Curved rod c. Helical d. Corkscrew shape 6. Which of the following is not true about prokaryotes? a. Prokaryotes do not have cell nucleus b. Bacteria are prokaryotes c. Prokaryotes do not have mitochondria d. Fungi are prokaryotes
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Bacteria that can have a few shapes 8. Which of the following is true regarding meningitis? a. Provide mobility to bacteria c. Severe respiratory collapse d. Transfer of DNA from one bacteria to another bacteria 9. Distributed over the entire surface of bacteria 11. What is the function of bacterial pili? a. Which of the following is not true regarding bacterial fimbriae? a. Pneumonia d. Environmental Health. Enable bacteria to adhere to surface d. Unicellular & multicellular 2 of 7 Prepared by Nanthini Nursing and Allied Health Department KDU College Penang .DHS1124 Microbiology. Year 1 Sem 1 7. Inflammatory illness of the brain and spinal cord protective membranes c. Anthrax b. Biochemical activities d. Which of the following illness is not a bacterial infection? a. Nutritional requirements c. Boil like skin lesion or ulceration 12. Bacteria which maintain a single shape c. Bacteria can be differentiated by the following factors except a. Allow bacteria movement towards light and chemical stimuli c. Bacteria with a cluster of flagella on end d. Pleomorphic bacteria are ______ a. Bacteria with a single polar flagellum b. Commonly found in gram negative bacteria b. Assist bacteria movement towards chemical stimuli d. Enable bacteria to adhere to surface b. Morphology b. Meningitis c. Inflammatory illness of the lungs b. Epidemiology and Nutrition Mid Semester Examination. Rabie 10.

Tuberculosis vaccine c.DHS1124 Microbiology. Anthrax is cause by Staphylococcus aureus 3 of 7 Prepared by Nanthini Nursing and Allied Health Department KDU College Penang . Tetanus vaccine 17. Acute encephalitis d. Warts b. Which of the following is the only vaccine develop using recombinant method? a. Which of the following organism causes infection of the sole and interdigital spaces of the feet? a. Chromoblastomycosis c. Which of the following illness is related to thicken and yellowish nails? a. Fungal infection at the outermost layer of the skin and hair is _____ a. Poliomyelitis c. Tinea pedis b. Onychomycosis 15. Hepatitis B vaccine b. Epidemiology and Nutrition Mid Semester Examination. Toxic shock syndrome is cause by Streptococcus pneumoniae d. Flaccid paralysis 18. Year 1 Sem 1 13. Tinea pedis b. Superficial infection b. Environmental Health. Meningitis is cause by Neisseria meningitidis b. Which of the following is true? a. Systemic infection 14. Sporotrichosis d. Trichophyton rubrum c. Human papillomavirus vaccine d. Fonsecaea pedrosoi d. Cutaneous infection c. Which of the following illness can be the result of papovirus infection? a. Pneumonia is cause by Bacillus anthracis c. Subcutaneous infection d. Chromoblastomycosis 16.

eating utensils. Neutrophil b. Epidemiology and Nutrition Mid Semester Examination. Which of the following cells is not involve in phagocytosis? a. Environmental Health.Indirect contact transmission occurs via contact between a healthy individual and a pathogen-carrying fomite . Define the following terminologies: a) Fomites (2 marks) . though some fomites serve as less hostile environments for the pathogen than others b) Quarantine (2 marks) .E. termed universal precautions.g.Indirect contact transmission typically occurs via fomites which are inanimate objects upon which a pathogen has been deposited .Quarantines are used to limit the movement of individuals or populations who either harbor a/the pathogen or have been exposed to individuals known or thought to harbor a/the pathogen c) Nosocomial infections (2 marks) A nosocomial infection is an infection that is acquired in a medical setting in the course of medial treatment d) Universal precautions ( 2 marks) As a means of guarding against the transmission of blood-borne pathogens procedural guidelines. just about any inanimate object a person can come into contact with can serve as a fomite. Monocyte 20. Natural active immunity b. Eosinophil d.. etc.DHS1124 Microbiology. Taking vaccination for prevention against tuberculosis infection among babies is a kind of adaptive immunity. Artificial passive immunity Section B 1. Which of the following best descript the above scenario? a.. Basophil c. bed sheets. Natural passive immunity c. are applied in the handling of all patients 4 of 7 Prepared by Nanthini Nursing and Allied Health Department KDU College Penang . Artificial active immunity d. Year 1 Sem 1 19.

Year 1 Sem 1 e) Incidence (2 marks) . nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Mycobacterium tuberculosis • Appear Pink when stained • Lose the violet Gram stain and pick up the pink counterstain (Safranin) • Thinner peptidoglycan cell wall • Additional Membrane outside cell wall • Produce endotoxins • Exp: E.The incidence of a disease is the number of new cases that occur within a given period of time . Staphalococus. Lactobacilli. Environmental Health.DHS1124 Microbiology. Salmonella. Clostridium botulinum and tetani. Neisseria gonorrhoeae 5 of 7 Prepared by Nanthini Nursing and Allied Health Department KDU College Penang . coli. Enteric bacteria. Epidemiology and Nutrition Mid Semester Examination. chemoautotrophs. - a) List three shapes of bacteria and describe it Cocci (Coccus) = round or oval Bacilli (Bacillus) = rod-shaped Spirilli (Spirillum) = helically coiled (3marks) b) Compare and contrast between gram negative and gram positive bacteria ( 7 marks) Gram Positive vs Gram Negative • Appear Purple when stained • Retain the violet Gram stain • Thick peptidoglycan cell wall • Some produce endospores • Produce exotoxins • Exp: Streptococcus.Measurement of the incidence of disease gives a direct indication of how quickly a disease is spreading within a population 2.

Saliva. Environmental Health.Trap foreign organisms and removed via coughing and sneezing  Lymphoid tissue .Sebum and sweat provide bactericidal  Body secretions . Epidemiology and Nutrition Mid Semester Examination. Year 1 Sem 1 Section C 1.Organisms living in our body which protect our body against microbes invasion (Lactobacillus 6 of 7 Prepared by Nanthini Nursing and Allied Health Department KDU College Penang .DHS1124 Microbiology.) a) Briefly discuss about traditional vaccines (6marks) Traditional Vaccines Vaccines that are developed using older or traditionally developed technologies and they can be classified into 4 groups: Vaccines containing killed microorganisms Vaccines containing attenuated microorganisms Toxoids Protein subunit b) Explain briefly on 1st line defense (4marks)  Skin . gastric and bile juice provide bactericidal  Mucous membranes .Contain macrophage which helps to protect against bacteria and other foreign entities  Normal flora . tears.