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Leadership exists in everywhere, whether in the organizations or among a group of people, leader is the person who guide, motivate and bring all the people together to achieve the goal. They are important in the development of a country as if the leaders are incompetent, the countries would fall. However, it is hard to observe and choose the right leader that suit the organization or society in the early state. It is true as German people who choose Adolf Hitler did not know and expect what kind of leader he would turn to be. Apart from that, there are many leaders who have makes a big contribution to the society, country and even to the world. Steve Jobs and Bill Gates are the typical examples of the great leaders in U.S. With their brilliance, they manage to bring in tremendous profits to their own company and bring in new innovation in the technology which benefits the whole world. In Malaysia context, the great Malaysian leader who is recognized by the people of the nation and even by the world is no others than the country fourth prime minister, Tun Mahathir, a distinctive leader who is not only good in analytical thinking but also has the ability to identify the way to solve the problem. For such, his mission and vision when he was the prime minister of Malaysia was to push and to transform Malaysia into a develop country in 2020. His effort in promoting Malaysia to be recognized in the world is undeniable. Another example would be Tony Fernandes, one of the Malaysian leaders who manage to change AirAsia, one of the Malaysia Airline, from a non-profit company to become a profit organization.

2.0 LEADERSHIP PERSPECTIVE THEORY There are many types of leadership theories that have been developed over the two decades. Leadership theory has been known by many researchers as one of the most complex theories. It has been evolved through the trait theories, behavioral theories,

Similar to the trait research. the success of the leader depends on various contingencies such as the subordinates. In my opinion. GSM 5101 ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR Page 2 . traits should be treated as a precondition for a person to be a successful leader.3 CONTINGENCY PERSPECTIVE OF LEADERSHIP In contingency theory of leadership. contingency theory and to the transactional and transformational leadership.2 BEHAVIOURAL PERSPECTIVE OF LEADERSHIP One of the two most famous behavioral leadership studies which has taken place at Ohio State University was to determine if common leader behaviors emerged across the samples. These theories tried to explain that different style of leadership is needed under different situations that the organizational encounter. The study has found that there were two distinct aspects of leadership that describe how leaders carry out their role. 2. which are task-oriented behavior and relationship-oriented behavior. it is never sufficient for a person to success with their inborn trait alone. 2. The effectiveness of a given pattern of leader behavior is contingent upon the demands imposed by the situation. Even though it is understandable that people who possess these requisite traits would have certain advantage over those who lack of these traits. the task itself and etc.1 COMPETENCY PERSPECTIVE OF LEADERSHIP The theory supports that the inborn trait that a leader possess has make him an effective leader. Therefore. 2.situational leadership. Among the well-known contingency theories are Fiedler's contingency theory and path-goal theory. leader behavior research has failed to take into consideration of the situational influences that might moderate the relationship between leader behaviors and leader effectiveness.

Another world famous transformational leader. In fact. As President of America. change to be better and push the organization to a better prospect. Jobs was a leader who is brilliant enough and his vision which is to provide the computers as a tool to change the world had drew the attention of other talented people to work with him. Transformational leaders possess the ability to inspire. He has the kind of transformational change spirit that can bring all the ordinary people come together to do the extraordinary things. Steve Jobs and Adolf Hitler. One of the famous world leaders that were inspired by Mahatma Gandi is President Barack Obama. He was honored as the “Father of the Nation” as he was the key leader who fights for the independence of India. Bill Gates. positive change for the group. and former chief executive officer of Apple Inc brings about major. Steve Jobs. Mahatma Gandhi is a great example of a transformational leader. and to offer mentorship and coaching to their subordinates. One of the most outstanding qualities of Mahatma Gandhi which makes him a great transformational leader was his long-term vision. organization and society as well. Obama. the late co-founder. In turbulent economic times. chairman.4 TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP This leadership theory tried to explain that the transformational leader try to grasp the new opportunities that arise and transform the environment by creating a positive change in the followers whereby the leader take care of each other's interests and act in the interests of the group as a whole.2. Among the famous transformational leaders are Mahatma Gandhi. self-confidence and strong principles of fairness. Obama always thrives to change. he is trying to reform in government or civil society. transformational leader plays a vital role in constructing a better future and empower people to work towards it. to stimulate intellectually. GSM 5101 ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR Page 3 . For such. The ultimate goal is that the organization can achieve the goals that they have set. his leadership had brought the valuable and positive change to the followers.

transformational leadership appears to be important in shaping and transforming human into a higher level of motivation and morality. it is obvious that transformational leadership is needed in order to make sure that the leadership style appears to be favorable to the employees and they are willing to work hard together to suit to any changes that the organization may latter on apply. transformational leadership plays a vital role in 21st century. transactional leaders are focused on their own interests. and the interests of those on whom they depend. As a result of the successes in the human development. Rather they are looking for leader who are not only intelligent but also has a sense of moral integrity. Lee Kuan Yew. there are many criticisms make on the transformational leadership such as Adolf Hitler.Despite of that. Transactional leader used threats. 3.0 IMPERATIVE OF TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP In my opinion. Hence. transactional leadership are much less applicable in the real life working context as human has emotion and feeling and employees now are more emphasized on human value and development. This is because the Page 4 GSM 5101 ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR . The ultimate result would be the employees are satisfied which turn to a better performance in the workplace. As compared to transformational leaders. They are no more framed in purely materialistic terms. transformational leader plays an important role in the development of the country. Transformational leadership was proven to be important from the development of Singapore under a great transformational leader. This is due to the reason that Malaysian society has changed. Furthermore. punishment and reward to achieve their ultimate goal. He was criticized that he is one of the charismatic leader who has makes his follower do not realize of his real intention and ambition and finally end up with a disaster to the nation. Therefore. However. The employees prefer to work and listen to leaders that are supportive instead of leaders that are task-oriented. transactional leaders are no more the leadership style that Malaysian was looking to. Transactional leadership should only be practice when there is a need for the employees to follow the rules strictly that are already set out.

4. whether in government sector. In my opinion. transformational leaders create a strategic vision. As our country is short of the transformational leaders. The typical example is that our Prime Minister. we need to transform in order to spur the economy and move forward to be a develop country. communicate and model the vision and lastly build the commitment to the vision. every leader and employees in the company should first understand the need to change. leader should be aware of whether to exert a soft power or hard power to control over their subordinates under different circumstances. whether bosses. Hence. transformational leaders come in and play a vital role in organizing the human resources and to stimulate them to the fullest potential. education sector. or even non-profit organizations. hard power may not be work most of the times but it depends on the situation that occur. For such. there is no other ways but to focus on human development. Therefore. from which it was transformed and developed Singapore which has make this small country became well known in the world. Dato' Seri Najib who has created a compelling vision through his 1Malaysia concept. only then the transformation process can be continue. To conclude. In this context.development of Singapore. It would not be achieved without his extraordinary leadership. Therefore. Besides. dealing in today’s complex and interdependent world. Therefore. Therefore. it is impossible for the transformation to success without the cooperation between the transformational leaders and other leaders in the respective area within the organization. it is suggested leaders to improve their transformational skills by influence people all around to change. business sector. team members or peers.0 CONCLUSION It is understandable that leadership effectiveness has a direct impact on the firm’s whole operation and the future prospect. In order to become a developed country. the organizations can give training and development for transformational leaders. every organization should pay attention on the leadership issue. GSM 5101 ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR Page 5 .