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BIOLOGY PRACTICE REPORT PHOTOSYNTHESIS

A. THEORY
Photosynthesis is a complex biological process. This process can only be dilakukkan by plants that have chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is a plant pigment found in chloroplasts. In order to take the process of photosynthesis takes energy from light. Chlorophyll function in the absorption of light. In addition, the process of photosynthesis also requires other ingredients are CO2 and H2O (water). The end result of the process of photosynthesis are carbohydrates and oxygen. Carbohydrates are the first solid formed is glucose. The process of photosynthesis can be summarized in the following equation

CO2 + H2O + energy light

the green plant

C6H12O6 + O2

The rate of photosynthesis is affected by various factors, among temperature, intensity of light, CO2 and others. In this lab will be shown and demonstrated some facts to support the mastery of the process of photosynthesis. Activity 1 and 2 will prove that photosynthesis produces carbohydrates and gas. Activity 3 will see how the effect of light intensity on the rate of photosynthesis light.

B. PURPOSE
1. Showed that photosynthesis produces carbohydrates 2. Proving that photosynthesis produces gas

C. DATA RESULT Activity 1 series of tools on the process of photosynthesis produces carbohydrates After the leaves bougevil lifted from alcohol After the leaves boungevil spilled Lugol .

Activity 2 images on activities 2 Activity 3 images on activities 3 .

relatively little. Apparently the leaves are covered with aluminum foil during the day pale. Bubbles can occur because the process of photosynthesis that takes place on the device enough sunlight and sufficient sources of CO2. it is due to the lack of light on the tube. The longer the bubble is growing. ACTIVITY 3 In this experiment aims to see whether there is influence of light intensity the rate of photosynthesis. aimed to prove whether the process of photosynthesis produces carbohydrates. It is proved that the leaves are no carbs. This . So when the coal fed into the test tube mouth. burning coals is not because there is no gas in the tube is formed so that there is no reaction. Pale leaf color (no starch) because the leaves were not during the process of photosynthesis in the lid with aluminum foil. Once the bubbles produced by 1 ml of water is slowly removed. ANALYSIS ACTIVITY 1 In this experiment. Because Lugol detect starch indicator to change color to blue-black leaves.D. it is characterized by the appearance of air bubbles coming from the Hydrilla. produce a lot of air bubbles coming from the base of the stem. Rose leaves with drops of Lugol solution. because after leaf chlorophyll roses shed. the bubbles rise to the top end of the tube. Then cover aluminiumfoil opened and leaves boiled until tender in order to make the cells in the leaves of the boungevil is dead. lest the air that entered. Test carbohydrate by partially closing leaf rose with aluminiumfoil all day. Hydrilla is placed in NaHCO3 solution and irradiated with light having photosynthesis. In accordance with existing theory that produce carbohydrates by photosynthesis reaction equation: 6 CO2 + 6H2O -----> C6H12O6 + 6O2 Apparently the experiment proved. At Hydrilla is illuminated with lights at a distance of 10 cm. This indicates that the gas bubbles are generated O2. Making it easier chlorophyll from the leaves of the boungevil off later. leaf put in hot alcohol causes the chlorophyll to break down chlorophyll luruhnya make the test carbohydrates do. ACTIVITY 2 In the second activity. While the beaker is stored in a dark place. the burning embers. After wilting. Then when coals put into the mouth of the test tube. so there is no photosynthesis. and then at 5-minute second to 5 minutes to four bubbles that appear more and more. at 5 minutes appears little air bubbles. to hidrila illuminated by light bulbs.

the light intensity. But in the trial yesterday. ie the smaller the distance. the greater the intensity of the light that forms the contrary. the light intensity is small. air bubbles (oxygen) formed slightly. and that happened too many bubbles. Conclusion on this experiment proves that the process of photosynthesis produces carbohydrates. but the number of bubbles in a distance of 30 cm at every 5 minutes less than the number of bubbles formed at a distance of 10 cm. because the greater the intensity of light bubbles of air (oxygen). the greater the distance. CONCLUSION 1. 5. The amount of light intensity depending on the distance from the light source. . the more the result of photosynthesis Hydrilla formed will be more than if you only use one Hydrilla. and the bubbles that occur too little. and the last is the accuracy of the observer who sometimes missed to see bubbles forming. At the distance of the light was changed to 30 cm. So the color difference is not too obvious leaf color pale. the smaller the intensity of light that form. which is a form of photosynthesis fotositesisnya mean much faster rate. Great light intensity is inversely proportional to the distance. this is due Hydrilla has received radiation is longer when the light is at a distance of 10 cm to 30 cm before excluded. Hydrilla used must be replaced so that the water is not influenced by previous irradiation. In a dark place plants can not photosynthesize. the first error should occur when the distance changes the lights. Because the leaves are closed all day after the aluminum foil etched with Lugol pale indicating the piece is not contained carbohydrate. 2. this mean photosynthetic rate is slow. E. When the distance is small. At large distances. leaves roses we cover with aluminum foil less dense. The process of photosynthesis requires light 3. At the time of the lamp placed 10 cm from the Hydrilla. in the first 5 minutes of air bubbles that form more than the air bubbles are formed in the first 5 minutes at a distance of 10 cm. the lamp has a luminous intensity greater than when the lamp is placed as far as 30 cm of Hydrilla. 4. but in the next 5 minutes reduced the number of bubbles which then rise again and be a constant. However at this time there are some experimental error in order to get results that are not valid. while a small light intensity. Photosynthesis produces gas which proved the presence of air bubbles in a test tube. This proves that the amount of light intensity affect the rate of photosynthesis. and the results also depend on the number of Hydrilla used .indicates that the greater the rate of photosynthesis is characterized by the increasing number of bubbles of air (oxygen) as a result of the reaction of photosynthesis.

C.H and W. Jurusan Biologi FMIPA Uninersitas Negeri Jakarta. REFERENCES Kimbal.W. . the greater the intensity of the light then the faster the rate of photosynthesis.1997. Reading massachusetts. But when the light intensity is too big can ruin chlorophyll this resulted in reduced rate of photosynthesis. Addison Wesley Publ. Panduan praktikum biologi umum I.. et al. Sihombing. Jakarta. Angkasa Bandung.W. Ratnaningsih dan K.T. McFadden. whereas the smaller the rate of photosynthetic light intensity will be slower.A. keeton. Biology An Exploration of life. Betsy. Pajatmo.6. biology. Iryani.Wnorton & Company. Co. F. 1995. 1987. Light intensity affects the rate of photosynthesis.inc New York. W. J. Panduan Praktikum biologi umum.