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USE AND CARE OF THE EXTENDED COLD WEATHER CLOTHING SYSTEM11 (ECWCS

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The US Army Natick Research, Development and Engineering Center is the ECWCS materiel developer and proponent for this publication. Recommended changes and comments for its improvement will be appreciated. Prepare comments and recommended changes on DA Form 2028 and forward to:

DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY US Army Natick Research, Development and Engineering Center Natick, MA 01760-5011

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The ECW(.S skysto'e usev -4Anstijrv ionogomont prin-~ eipI#ý.- to treariser perspiration away fro yor~u skin ito you will r*;iain dry acid warmw. Undor cor~tahi minditions such as hig work activity ftAo~wed by inactivity, the us* of woul of, woollcotton dlothfng Item~s with FCWC'3 wUW rvduce the 14'v-'I of environimental protectln pruvvIidd b~y IECWCS. lot

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mended that you u~m omily ctothing Items ti,,ted In Appendix A. It is vlqwciielly rorommo~ndo,4 pltti wool tolends.

you ikA u"e any items which are mde with w*-4 or
* o ECWCS is not cumbersome in weight and bulk:; the total sys~teis weigha approximately it paundq. IECWCS is essy to msaintain both in flid and Car?4son environments It..* the special use, and cave Instructions ore carcfulty fillowed due to the unique choarcteris ties of the IItateo-of-the-ort material.

TABLE OF CONTENTS Section 1: INTRODUCTION A. B. PURPOSE SCOPE 10 10 10 11 11 it 11

Section II: ITEM DESCRIPTION OF ECWCS A. B. GENERAL CLOTHING ITEMS 1. Undershirt, Cold Weather, Polypropylene and Drawers, Cold Weather, Polypropylene a. Materials Used b. Concept of Use c. Description of Item 2. Shirt, Cold Weather, Polyester Fiberpile a. a. c. 3. Materials Used Concept of Use Description of Item

11 11 11 13

13 13 13 13 13 13 13 15

Overall, Bib, Cold Weather, Fiberpile a. Materials Used b. Concept of Use c. Description of Item

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Liner, Cold Weather, Trousers, Field and Liner, Cold Weather, Coat, Men 'a 3

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Concept of Use c.a. Description of Item 5. Mitten Set. Light Duty a. Two Finger a. Materials Used C-. Concept of Use c. Gloves.ncept of Use Desciption of Item 19 21 21 21 21 21 22 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 25 25 25 25 25 Mitten Inserts. Concept of Use c. 3. Description of item 4. Materials Used b. Cold Weather (Trigger Finger) a. b. White. Description of Item 5 25 27 27 . Cotton. Materials Used b. Mitten Shells. Description of Item 5. Men's and Women's. Snow Camouflage. Mitten Shells. Extreme Cold Weather a. Materials Used b. c. Materials Used b. Materials Used b. Concept of Use c. Cold Weather (Trigger Finger) a. Concept of Use c. Description of Item 2.

t'sod b. Roots. Cold W*4thor (Typo I-Rloek) a. 31 2 3 3 Matovia1. Extrpnw Cold Woothor (Typoe i. h.av a) b.rcpt 4k U 4w F. Conopt of Use c. c1Arf )1*xO Pet te"I Ifo. Ccwww pt of U 0 uOSo 2. Fo()flrWP4R 1. Corwctpt o( Use C. en'taai Myr.Whit *) b. Coba c welS VTki (FRaIc.Sockt. Roots.Cail. floscription of item 3 . Dewcript inn of Item 3.. ('f.

Liners. C. Trousers. Materials Used b. Machine/Hand Laundering b. DONNING AND DOFFING PROCEDURES 1. Machine/Hand Laundering b. Cold Weather. Polypropylene Underwear. Description of Iten 33 33 33 33 33 35 36 36 36 37 37 38 39 39 39 39 39 39 39 40 40 Section III: USE AND CARE OF ECWCS A. Coat and Trousers a. INSPECTION STORAGE ATTACHING RANK INSIGNIAS CLEANING 1. Drying 4. General 2. D. Drying 3. Trousers. Concept of Use c. Sequence 2. Suspenders.F. Polyester Fiberpile Shirt and Bib Overall a. E. Adjustments B. Field 7 . M-1950 a. ACCESSORIES 1.

n rylng 9.. Parka/Trousers. Drying 5. Gloves. Camouflage 40 40 40 a. Men's and Women's c. WATER REPELLENCY Section IV: REPAIR OF ECWCS A. Handwear a.. Foot% ear Machine/Hand Laundering 41 43 42 42 43 44 44 10. Snow Camounlage 40 40 41 41 7. . Insert. Drying 6. Accessories F. Machine/Hand Laundering b.. I - -• • II II II I L IIIJ I IIIII . Parka/Trousers.a. RIPSANDTEARS . . Mitten Inserts and Shells 41 41 41 41 41 41 Light Duty Mitten Set d. [ Il I I IIII . b.. Cold Weather b.. 3aehine/Hand Laundering b. Camouflage Pattern) a. 8. Extended Cold Weather. Gloves. STAIN/SPOT REMOVAL G. Headwear (Hood (Balaclava) and Cap.

DESCRIPTIVE DATA FOR THE ECWCS APPENDIX B. Polyester Shirt.1. Bib Overall. and Parka/Trousers (Snow Camouflage) 2. Parka/Trousers. Extended Cold Weather. Z IPP E D. Permanent repairs 44 45 45 45 46 47 47 48 53 54 B. DRAWCORDS RS1 C. REFERENCES APPENDIX C. Liners (Coat and Trousers). Camouflage a. MAINTENANCE TURN IN APPENDIX A. SIZE CHART 9 . Field expedient or tern porery measures b. Underwear.

. 10 . -The pimphlet includes item of each garment in the system."Section1: INTRODUCTION A. you understand the ECWCo3G- This pamphlet was prepared to help the use. P URPOBE. and descriptivel reference data for the ECWCS. .care. and maintenance of -. general repair procedures. general descriptions use and cariinstructions. -. SXPE. B.

Section II: SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF ECWCS A. 0 B. c. The drawers. The undershirt is a brown-colored turtleneck that has a center front zipper which extends to the middle of the chest area. a. The underwear layer b. which consists of the undershirt and drawers. The ECWCS is composed of 23 individual clothing. Cold Weather. Description of Item. 1. multifilament polypropylene. Materials Used. brushed. Polypropylene. handwear. also brown-colored. transferring it to the outer layers of the system. CLOTHING ITEMS. The underwear is made of knitted. Polypropylene and The cold Drawers. are new ECWCS development items. headwear and footwear items which are used in various combinations to meet cold weather environmental requirements. Cold Weather. Appendix A (pages 48 to 52) lists ECWCS component items in layering order and identifies available sizes and the prescribed temperature range for each item. The zipper allows for ventilation at the neck and chest area. weather underwear. next to the skin acts as a moisture wicking layer and serves to draw moisture away from the skin. GENERAL. Concept of Use. 11 . serve as a base layer to protect the lower extremities. Undershirt.

Undershirt and Drawers. Cold Weather. Polypropylene. 12 .

The material used for the bib oversll is a knitted polyester fiberpile. Materials Used. and full length zippers at the side seams. a. Bib. has elastic suspenders with quick release buckles. The shirt is browncolored. a convertible turtleneck collar. Cold Weather. Concept of Use. The overall is browncolored. two chest cargo style pockets. The quick release buckles are worn in front as shown on page 14. The material used for the shirt is a knitted. bib overqll is a new ECWCS development Item. Cold Weather. 3. polyester fiberpile. Shirt.2. a. Polyester liberplle. front zipper. Description of Item. FIberpile. a. hook and pile cuff tabs. Materials Uwed. The . b. 13 . and two lower handwarmer pockets. Concept at Use. Overall. elastic drawcord waist. The polyester fiberpile shirt serves as the primary insulating layer on the upper body. Description of Iteu. The cold weather shirt is a new ECWCS development item. The bib overall is used as an additional layer for temperatures below -25 0 F (-32 0 C) and down to -60OF (-51 0 C). has reinforced shoulder and elbow patches. b.

03 14 .

Men's. 15 . Concept of Use. Field and Liner. Description of Item. hip pockets. The field trousers serve as a durable insulating layer to be worn over the liners when the outer extended cold weather trouser shown on page 18 is not needed. Cold Weather.4. Liner. Characteristics of the field trousers are side hanging pockets. 5. Description of Item. Trousers. a. a. cold weather trouser liner and the coat liner are standard items used in ECWCS. b. The standard coat and trouser liners have been redesigned to make these items capable of being worn independently of their respective outer garment. wind resistant fabric. Cold Weather. The olive green or the four color caihouflage printed cold weather field trousers are standard items used in ECWCS. Ccncept of Use. b. Cold Weather. The coat and trouser liners serve as an insulating layer for the ECWCS. Coat. Materials Used. Trousers. c. The trousers are made of nylon. Nylon and Cotton. Materials Used. Field. The trouser and coat liners are quilted and made of polyester baiting and ripstop nylon. The full closure. c. Buttons and buttonholes have been added to the coat front and the outseams of the trousers. cotton.

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Extended Cold Weather. waterproof layer in the system. The trousers serve as part of the windproof. full-front zipper to provide full face protection. and a two-way.cargo pockets. Description of Item. drawcord3 at the trouser bottoms. leaving only the eyes uncovered. There is an elastic drawcord at the hem. Concept at Use. b. a. Parka. a. b. Camouflage. The PTFE in the garment has the property to repel water while allowing perspiration to be expelled. The parka serves as part of the windproof. The extended cold weather camouflage trousers are a new ECWCS development item. waterproof layer in the system. two large lower cargo pockets. Camouflage. 7. and a rank tab at center chest. a. underarm ventilation. Concept of Use. Xxtended Cold Weather. 6. hook and pile closures at the wrist tabs. The trousers are also wrade of three layer nylon and PTFR laminate material. Material Used. The parka is a three layer nylon and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) laminate material. two breast inside map pockets (which can be opened without unzipping the parka). MateiMals Used. the extended cold weather camouflage parka is a new ECWCS development item. I II I II . and adjustable waist straps. 17 S" " '- -• - . Trousers. The parka has an integral hood.

Extended Cold Weather. Trousers. Extended Cold Weather.Parks. . Camouflage. Camouflage.

3.j camouflage in snow terrain. mitten inserts. The overwhite parka and trousers are used as a camouflage outer layer in snow terrain and are not a substitute outer garment. The overwhite parka and trousers are made of a cotton and nylon blend. gloves. HANDWRAR. The ECWCS standard handwear items are: glove inserts. Pafta. side pockets. a. Materials Used. Concept of Use. Description of Item. and mitten set. a. The hooded white parka has drawstrings for adjustment at the waist skirt and around the face. Snow Cemaofa. b. Description ot Item. a. a hip pocket.an to be expelled. Gloves. 19 . Materials Used. C. The parka and trousers. snow . and inserts in the seams of the leg openings to allow easy donning and doffing without removing the boots. o. Iuseit. Snow Cacuflage and Trousers.The PTFE in the garment has the property to repel water while allowing persp!rat. The snow camouflage parka and trousers are standard items used in ECWCS. 1. The trousers have -a waist drawoord. pass-through pockets. mitten shells (cold weather and snow camouflage). The glove inserts are made of a blend of wool/nylon yarn. It is worn over the ECWCS parka and trousers outfit. Cold Weather. The trousers have seat and knee patches. and drawstrings at the ankles of the trouser liner."mouflage. are to be worn together for a complete bot. knee pleats.

20 . Snow Camouflage. Trousers.Park&. Snow Camouflege.

21 . 2. All parts of the glove. b. Light Duty. are seamless knit. a. Men's and Women's. The leather is treated with a water resistant compound. The gloves are used for light work duty. The glove insterts are to be worni for added warmth with light duty gloves. Concept of Use.Gloves. Insert. may be worn with the cold weather glove inserts. except the cuff. They may be worn alone or. for additional warmth in cold conditions. chrome tanned leather. b. The cuff is a true rib knit. Cold Weather. The olive drab glove inserts can be wor'n on either hand. a. Gloves. Usteriala Used. The gloves are made of fuU grain. Description of Item. Concept of Use.

Description ot Urn. all leather. Light Duty. Men's and Wormen's.Gloves. with a buckle strap of black tape on back of glove for wrist closure. The gloves are black. 22 . slip-on style. a. The gloves are either a one-piece back and front or a two-piece back design.

The color of the leather is saddle brown. hand. a. and trigger finger. The mittens are slip-on style with trigger finger. Cold Weather (Trigger Finger). water-repellent cotton and nylon. hand. Mitten Inmertu. Description of Item. The mitten inserts are used as an Insulating layer under cold weather mitten shell shown on page 24. The mitten has an elastic webbing and tape loop (for suspension cord) at the cuff opening and an adjustable wrist strap on the back o( the mitten shell. The insulating material for the back of thumb. Concept of Use. The leather on the palm is deerskin. The yarn is a wool and b. The back of the thumb. nylon blend. thumb. The mitten inserts can be worn on either hand and have aeparate sections for the thumb and index finger. The fabric on the back of hand. Cold Weather (Trigger Finger).3. fingers. and front and back of mitten is wind-resistant. 4. a. a. Materials Used. down to the cuff of the mitten. Materiels Used. Concept of Use. 23 . and trigger finger down to the cuff of the mitten is lined with insulation for added protection. The trigger finger mittens are to be worn with or without the wool/nylon mitten inserts and in areas too cold for leather gloves and not sufficiently cold for artic mittens. Mitten Shells. Desaiption of Item. b. is polyester batting. a.

Cold Weather (Trigger Finger). Mitten Shells.IN Mitten Inserts. ColdI Weather (Trigger Finger). 24 .

Snow Camouflage. The back of mitten shell includes a wool piie material used for warming the face. The harness includes a suspension piece (cord) and a breast piece (strap). The outer shell of the mitten set can be separated from the insulating liner for drying. Concept of Use. The ends of the cord are tied to the loop on the outer shell of each mitten. The insulating material is a polyester batting. The remainder of the mitten is fabric. Cotton. a. ltten Shells. piece is a 100% wool knitted pile fabric.5. c. The liner is attached to the shell by four snaps. The outer fabric for the mitten shell is a cotton and nylon windThe cloth outer resistant. water-repellent sateen. Description of Item. Deerskin leather is used on the palm side walls and front of thumb. The palm and front of thumb of the shell is leather. Matertas Used. White. placed around the neck and the strap is adjusted to lay on the chest to keep the cord in place. Mitten Set. 6. over the wool mitten insert and trigger finger mitten shells to provide environmental protection to the hands in cold environments. 25 . Extreme Cold Weather. Materials Used. Two adjustable straps and buckles are included at back of mitten. Two Finger. a. The suspension harness The cord is is worn over the camouflage parka. The fabric used for the snow camouflage mitten shells is a cotton and nylon blend. The mitten set is worn b. The mitten set consists of a shell with removable liner and a suspension harness.

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Concept of Use. The hood is made of NOMEX" bi-ply knit. Hood. 2. The thumb side has an opening for the trigger finger. and NOMEX" rib knit with double covered SPANDEX" yarn. The cap has a woodland camouflage pattern and the earflap lining is olive green.b. D. a. a. camouflage with earflaps and the balaclava (hood). Materials Used. HEADWIAR. Camouflage Pattern. Concept of Use The mitten shells are used as the handwear camouflage cover when worn over the mitten shells. Combat Vehicle Crewman's (Balaclava). b. extreme cold weather. a. combat. Materials Used. The visor style cap has a circular top crown and retractable earflaps. cold weather. The cap is a cotton and nylon blend. Cap. in snow environments. Description of Item. The earflap lining is made of wool and nylon flannel. Pajama-Check NOMEX* laminated to PTFE film. have an adjustable strap on the back across the wrist and an elastic take-up at the hem of the mitten opening. It is self-lined except for the flannel-lined earflaps. and mitten set. 1. There are two headwear items in the ECWCS: the cap. 27 . Description of Item. The mitten ahells a. The cap is intended for use in field and garrison environments found in various climate zones.

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FOOTWEAR. Men's. Type. There is a single face opening which will allow for eye exposure only. b. extending bib. sandwiched between these two layers is a wind barrier Insert. seamless sock. green. Concept of Use. three items: the cushion sole. Stretch a. Description of Item. Description of Item. and under the M-1 or PASGT helmet. Cushion Sole. while exposure of the total facial area can be achieved by means of an elasticized adjustment Neck protection is accomplished by an feature. Concept of Use. Nylon. knitted. c. wool socks. extended cold weather. 1. The cushion heel and foot is a wool.b. and cotton blend. The balaclava (hood) is intended to provide the soldier environmental protection from cold and wind. Socks. nylon. The item is an olive 29 . The top of the sock is a wool and cotton blend. and the extreme cold weather boots (black and white). The socks are to be worn .qith the cold weather boots (black and white). OG-106. The balaclava (hood) is composed of a knit comfort layer worn closest to the skin as well as a knit outer shell. It is worn with the parka. Materials Used. The ECWCS footwear consists of E. a.

Stretch Type. OG-lOG. Men's.kAl ~"'4r" 3 Socks. Nylon Cushion Sole. 30 .

Boots. Concept of Use. a. be Concept of Use. Description of Item.2. The insulation consists of three layers wool fleece sealed within an outer and inner layer rubber. 3. wool fleece. wool fleece. latex. a. The boots are a. The black boot . Description of Item. made of Used. Extreme Cold Weather (Type ll-White). The white boot about 11 inches (29 cm) in height and has six pairs eyelets. is of of of is of of of 31 . The boots are to be worn with the ECWCS and provide protection against the environment down to -601F (-51 0 C). The boots are to be worn with the ECWCS and provide protection against the environment down to-20°F (-29*C). wool fleece sealed within an outer and inner layer rubber. latex. Mat•slal rubber. and nylon tricot. and nylon tricot. Kateralas Used. Boots. b. rubber. Cold Weather (Type I-Black). The boots are made of a.Rbout 11 inches (29 cm) in height and has six pairs The insulation consists of two layers eyelets.

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The hooks are made fron corrosion-resistant steel or round brass wire. The suspenders are to be extended cold weather. 33 . a. Materials Used. The ferrules (bushings) are formed from stainless steel or brass. ACCESSORIES. hook. Trousers. Description of Item. and ferrules have a black chemical finish. 1. The olive drab shoulder straps and loops are made of cotton elastic webbing. The suspenders have two slide buckles and two hooks which attach to the Lrousers. M-1950. The olive drab suspender straps are scissor-back style (cross over in the back). Suspenders.F. The slide buckles. Conept of Use. used with the trousers. b. The hook tabs are made of cotton webbing. camouflage. The slide buckles are made from corrosion-resistant steel or brass. c.

M-1950. Trousers. 34 .Sitspenders.

35 . Pay particular attention to cleaning instructions for kyers 1 and 4 (polypropylene underwear and parltal trousers. This is extremely important in order to achieve maximum user satisfaction using the layering principle. Size Chart. ECWCS Is Different Follow the cleaning and care instructions contained in this chapter and label attached to the garments. Care and Use of Individual Clothing and Equipment. for additional gonerml care and maintenance instruct ion s. Refer to Appendix C.Section III: USE AND CARE OF ECWCS YOU are responsible for keeping your ECWCS items in good serviceable ccndition. Check the label to see If you have the right size. This is YOUR uniform. and stored properly. extended cold weather. The ECWCS will protect you only if YOU take care of it and wear it properly. camouflag3) as these items are made of state-oa-the-art materials and require saldd'd care. for appropriate size. It will not continue to look its best unless it is kept clean. maintained in good repair. Refcr to Chapter 2 of FM 21-15.

footwear. Layer 5 is worn when snow camouflage is required. Extended cold weather camouflage parka and trousers. Beginning with layer 1. The white boots should only be worn for temperatures below -20OF (-29 C). cold weather shirt and trouser liner. Handwear. Sib overall.A. 1. Snow camouflage parka and trousers (overwhites). and suspenders. Coat liner and field trousers. The ECWCS is an insulating system oonsisting of the following five primary layers (including the overwhites. headwear. DONNING AND DOFFING PROCEDURES. 2. The bib overalls In layer 2 are normally worn for temperatures below -25oF (-32 0 C). Layer 4 is the outer layer of the ECWCS whon woodland camouflage is required. Accessories - Layers I through 4 should always be worn. Layer 5 is the 36 . Adjustments. Sequence. add layers as the temperature drops. when necessary) and accessories: Layer 1 Layer 2 Layer 3 Layer 4 Layer 5 Polypropylene undershirt and drawers. The polypropylene underwear has the ability to draw moisture away from the skin and transfer it to the outer layers of the system.

STORAGE. B.outer layer of the ECWCS when snow camouflage is required. C. INSPECTION. metabolism. Adjust layers according to preference. Repairs should be made as soon as possible. but is worn over layer 4 only as a camouflage. make sure it does not come in contact with sharp objects that may cause rips or tears. 37 . Examine the ECWCS items regularly for tears. When storing ECWCS clothing: Make sure the clothing is clean. Brush and air-dry clothing before storing so it does not mildew. punctures. o Do not place wet clothing in a bag or pack. o Do not fold wet clothing. Layer 5 is not a substitute outer garment. When packing clothing. and weather conditions. 2. 3. or damage to material. 1. Punctures on the outer layer will produce leaks and eventually ruin the material if not properly maintained.

Rank Tab on Extended Cold Weather Parka. Either the pin on or sewn on rank insignia may be used. Be careful not to puncture or snag the outer layer of material when attaching rank insignia as punctures will produce leaks. Attach rank insignia on the parka to the rank tab which Is provided at the center of the chest. ATTACHING RANK INSIGNIAS. 38 .D.

Coat and Trousers. After removing liner from coat or trousers. delicate/gentle (do not exceed 90°F/32 0 C). Machine/Hand Laundering. all zippers are zipped. Polyester Fiberpile Shirt and Bib Overall. delicate or cold water detergent. Prior to laundering and drying. Clean ECWCS clothing items regularly when in use. 2. AVOID OVERDRYING. 39 . Dirty clothes wear out quickly because dirt cuts textile fibers and retains moisture from perspiration. NOTE: DO BLEACH OR STARCH. wash by machine or by hand in warm water with mild soap or detergent. To drip dry. using (up to 85°F/29 0 C) and cold water laundry Rinse in clean oold water.E. General. Polypropylene Underwear. CLEANING. Machine/Hand Laundering. Drying. 1. Liners. remove water and place on rust-proof hanger. Use gentle fabric wash cycle or by hand. 3. NOT USE b. Rinse thoroughly in clean warm water. Securing these items will result in a better laundered garment. Tumble dry at lowest fabric cycle. a. Remove immediately at end of drying. make sure all the drawcords are tied together. a. and all snaps and hooks are fastened. NOTE: DO NOT PRESS.

Remove immediately from dryer. Machine/Hand Laundering. NOTE: DO NOT USE BLEACH OR STARCH. Tumble dry at low heat setting. Drip dry or machine dry on low heat setting as fabric may melt if contacted with heated surface. use permanent press cycle. Drying. Tumble dry at low temperture (100 oF/380 C) and REMOVE IMMEDIATELY from dryer. Use wash and wear/permanent press fabric cycle or by hand. NOTE: DO NOT DRY CLEAN. NOTE: DO NOT USE BLEACH OR STARCH. By hand. remove from water and place on a rust-proof hanger. using warm water (90 0 F/320 C . NOTE: DO NOT PRESS. Drying. DO NOT EXCEED 130OF/540C.b. a. Machine/Hand Laundering. Parka/Trousers. To drip dry. b. Remove immediately from dryer. Trousers. 5. a. Camouflage. remove from water and place on a rust-proof hanger.110°F/43 0 C) and mild powder detergent. Extended Cold Weather. 40 K/ . do not wring or twist. Rinse thoroughly in clean warm water. Field. 4. By machine. Cold Weather. Drying. AVOID OVER-DRYING. Wash in warm water using mild detergent. To drip dry. Rinse thoroughly in clean warm water. b.

b. Headwear (Hood (Balaclava) and Cap. Spot clean and rinse as required. return to laundry unit for machine washing in accordance with established procedures. Keep items away from flames or extreme heat. DO NOT EXPOSE GLOVES TO SOAPS. Camou- flage Pattern). S. Mitten Inserts and Shells. OR WETTING AGENTS. Handwear. a. it is extremely important that the items are cleaned immediately. Dry items away from flames or extreme heat. DETERGENTS. 41 . Remove inserts from shells. separate. These items are intended for wear as an outer garment to provide camouflage in snow areas. To clean gloves. For b. Gloves. Snow Camouflage. thorough cleaning and restoring of water repellency. Cold Weather. Remove. Parka/Trousers. Men's and Women's Light Duty. and dry the inserts as required. a. Separate liner from shell and dry away from direct heat. d. Gloves. Insert. The gloves are made of full leather and contain a water resistant compound. If garment becomes soiled or stained. Lay items out flat to dry. c.6. wipe dirt off with a dry cloth. T. Mitten Set.

Trousers. Care and Use of IndividuJ Clothing and Equipfor additional instructions on stain/spot ment. Rinse in clean. By machine or hand. Hang suspenders to drip dry at room temperature. F. 10. Suspenders. Drying. Clean the boots by washing the outside with a mild detergent and rinsing with water. STAINISPOT REMOVAL. perature. a. Hang items to drip dry at room temNOTE: DO NOT DRY CLEAN. NOTE: DO NOT DRY CLEAN. 1. b. Footwear.a. warm water. use a prewash or spot remover directly on the stain or spot followed by a standard laundry cycle with powdered detergent. M-1950. CAUTION: Do not apply any oil-based paint or solvent-based polish to any part of the boot since paint or polish will cause the rubber to deteriorate. 42 . 2. 9. b. Refer to Chapter 2 and Appendix D of FM 2115. wash in warm water using mild detergent. Machine/Hand Laundering. Following instructions on container. warm water. Accessories. removal. Clean the a. suspenders by hand washing the shoulder straps and loops with a mild detergent and rinsing with clean.

Detergents used in cleaning affect water repellent qualities. WATER REPELLENCY. they leave a chemical residue which actually reduces the waterproof properties of the fabric. Extended Cold Weather. Woodland Camouflage. 43 . NOTE: DO NOT PRESS.G. If the fourth layer (Parka/Trousers. To restore the water repellency of Parka/Trousers. When liquid detergents are used. occasionally steam garments with iron on steam setting being careful to hold the iron about 1/2 inch above garment. wash garments in mild powdered detergent. Camouflage) of ECWCS leaks and inspection has revealed no rips or tears. DO NOT WASH GARMENTS IN LIQUID DETERGENT. Extended Cold Weather.

a. RIPS AND TEARS 1. Balaclava. Parka/Trousers (Szk•w Camouflage). Camouftage. Uinera (Cost and Trousers).Section IV: REPAIR OF ECWCS A. overlap the twe edges and sew with straight and small stitches. b. Polyester Shirt. To mend a ripped seam. Underwear. 44 . and Cap. and sew together. place the two edges on the wrong side (or inside). Bib Overall. To repair a tear.

(1) Stitch.c. Loosely whipstitch the rip or tear. keeping the seam as flat as possible. . Field expedient or temporary measures. 45 . Camoufta a. Parka/Trousers. turn the frayed 2. To mend a frayed edge. Extended Cold Weather. edge under and sew. Trim all thread ends.

Extended Cold Weather. Permanent repai:a. Cut the appropriate size of tape to cover the rip or tear. B. Turn the garment inside out. Camouflage Elastic with barrel locks 46 . Extended Cold Weather. 3. are found on the following 1. Place the tape over the rip or tear and press firmly. keeping the rip or tear as flat as posaible. Refer to TM 10-8400-201-23 for additional repair procedures involving the cross-over sealer. Woodland Camouflage Hem of Parka.(2) Field tape. All other items of ECWCS are considered nonrepairable and should be turned in when unserviceable. Round the edges of the tape to reduce fraying. More permanent repair measures invorve a seam tape patch and a cross-over sealer. b. Drawcords garments: ITEM Hem of Fiberpile Shirt TYPE OF DRAWCORD Elastic Tape with barrel locks Hood of Parka. DRAWCORDS.

C. D. or hook and pile fastener tape is torn. 47 . The wax or graphite lubricates the zipper and allowis it to open and close more easily. or will not hold. ZIPPERS. If barrel lock is broken. MAINTENANCE TURN IN. Replace missing or defective elastic drawcords in lengths to match original. Turn in clothing to supply points for exchange when: 1. Camouflage Waist of Trousers. zipper. damaged. 3. or frayed beyond 4. Extended Cold Weather TYPE OF DRAWCORD Elastic Elastic with barrel locks 2. tie ends of drawcords into large knots until a new elastic or tape drawcord with barrel locks can he obtained from the organizational supply unit. rub a thin coating of wax or lead-pencil graphite on each side of the track and work zipper back and forth a few times. 2. Extended Cold Weather. Elastic webbing is torn immediate repair.ITEM Waist of Parka. Closures or snaps do not function properly. 5. If the zipper works stiffly. Any snap fastener. Clothing is so badly soiled that it cannot be cleaned adequately. Ripped or torn beyond Immediate repair.

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General Repair Procedures for Clothing and Individual Equipment.Appendix B. References FM 21-15. Organizational and Direct Support Maintenance Manual 53 . Care and Use of Individual Clothing and Equipment TM 10-8400-201-23.

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