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PASSIVE VOICE
FORM: Remember that when we use passive voice, tense falls on the verb BE, which is followed by an -ed participle. The school Present Simple is decorated every summer. Present Continuous is being decorated at the moment. Present Perfect has been decorated recently. Past Simple was decorated last month. Past Continuous was being decorated until the bad weather started. Past Perfect had been decorated only once before. Will will be decorated soon. Going to is going to be decorated next month. Modal verb may be decorated in the next few months. FUNCTIONS:  The passive is used to talk about processes. The cars are taken from the factory and then they are transported all over Europe.  The passive is used when we don’t want to say or we can’t say who performed the action. This book was written in the 17th century but the author is unknown.  The passive is used when it’s obvious who performed the action. The fire has finally been put out.  The passive is also used to put the main focus at the beginning of the sentence. If we want to say who carried out the action, we introduce the person’s name with the preposition by. These emails have been sent by someone in this office and I want to know who! 1- Write passive sentences: 1- Chinese (speak) ______________ in Singapore. 2- The Taj Mahal (build) ______________ around 1640. 3- The new hospital (open) ________________ next year. 4- She (interview) _________________ now. 5- I realized I (follow) ____________________. 6- (you invite) ___________________ to Andy’s party? 7- He found that all his money (steal) ______________________. 8- These computers (make) ______________________ in Korea. 9- Passengers (ask) _________________ not to speak to the driver. 10- Sorry about the noise – the road (mend) _______________________. 11- The village church (burn down) ____________________ last year.

. then (shape) …………………………............... E so quickly that they may all have gone by 2050! F when there is snow and ice. The first one is shown as an example................Match up the beginning of each sentence in column A with its ending in column B and add a suitable passive verb form in the space provided.................... until frothy.... . which (originally cultivate) ………………………… by the Mayas and Aztecs over 3.... many of today´s hereditary diseases (wipe out)................ then (beat) ……………………….. D by the Romans. 5-Not long ago.......... 9-“Graded readers” are books in which the language (simplify) ..... small amounts of cocaine used to be used + G 2-Salt (spread) . The dried....... teeth (pull out).... B A to mean different things in different countries........ • • • Chocolate comes from cocoa beans....Provide the right form of the verbs in brackets: Here is an extract from a cookery book describing how chocolate used to (process)……………….…………...... 7-Undeveloped film (expose)...... on roads 3-Central heating (invent). to dry in the sun............ After (harvest)……………….. 10-Hand gestures (use) ......... 8............ The dried cakes (break up) ………………………........... I at a post office without having to take a test! J without any anaesthetic! K so that learners can read them more easily L through genetic engineering............. Gaelic (speak). (melt) …………………… with hot water and maize.... Next........ H as sacred animals. • • • • -----------------------------------------------------------------------------. The paste (mix) ……………………… with spices........-.. 6-In my grandfather´s time.... the cocoa pods (leave) ………………………....A Roman pavement (just find) ____________________ under Oxford Street.....………. A 1-In the past....150 years ago..... the seeds of the cacao tree... .......... the beans (remove) …………………..000 years ago...-... to a paste over a small fire...... 11-The world´s tropical rainforests (destroy)..... C much more widely in Scotland than it is today..2 12... into small cakes or loaves before (dry)…………………………… in the sun.. shelled beans (roast) …………………………… in clay pots and then (grind) ……………………...............……… and (leave) ………………....-.......- 2....................................... The chocolate was then ready to drink......... 4-In the future........---- 3........................... B to direct sunlight............... to ferment and split open. a driving licence (obtain)..........

After that. Then we have what is called the ‘bag fruit’. although the blackcurrants (4) (already pick) ____________________ because it was an early season this year..... Conservationists want world leaders to take urgent measures to protect these animals in the hope that they (save) ____________________ from extinction in the near future..... During the survey it (find) ____________________ that 303 of the 634 primates studied may soon become extinct in the wild. the results of which (release) ____________________ at an international conference last month. When all the lambs have gone.Complete the article with the correct passive form of the verb in brackets..... handling the bags is a very dirty job as the juice leaks out everywhere. there are no skilled pickers involved. they still have (7) (gather) ____________________ by hand. For example... cows (regard) .. we usually start on the fruit. the sheep (3) (take) ____________________ to another part of the farm.. Well. A study into the future of the world’s monkeys (carry out) ____________________ recently by animal experts.. in some areas more damage (do) ____________________ by local people who hunt the animals for food.. G in the production of Coca-Cola. The plums and blackcurrants (9) (both make) ____________________ into jam and preserve. 69 species (classify) _____________________ as critically endangered since the results became known. Monkeys (eat) ____________________ in several regions of Africa and Asia....... However. the trees (12) (just shake) ___________________ until the fruit drops to the ground. which (2) (probably send) ____________________ next week. As you can imagine. The main reason for the rapid decline in numbers (identify) ____________________ in the report as deforestation. although we’ve still got ten. last month most of the lambs (1) (sell) were sold at the market. ...3 ………………………………… 12-In India.Complete the gaps in the following passage by putting the verbs in brackets into an appropriate passive form. where it (13) (collect) ___________________ and (14) (put) ____________________ into bags.. unlike the blackcurrants. But I hope the whole process (15) (automate) ____________________ before much longer. which (8) (harvest) ____________________ by machine nowadays.. which is apples and pears. 4. You will also have to put any other words in brackets in the correct place. Since the fruit does not have to be in good condition (10) (make) ____________________ into cider and perry. Look at the example given. Of course.. it (11) (treat) ___________________ pretty badly. The plums can’t (5) (pick) ____________________ for another three weeks by law as they (6) (spray) ____________________ only seven weeks ago. ----------------------------------------------------------------------5.

They are mostly rather formal.Some people say that he is in an agitated state. using the passive. 6. . A active object complement → passive subject complement Active: The Queen considered him a genius.Everybody considered her strange. Passive: He was considered a genius. 1. to … She is thought to have left home.Rewrite the following statements in the same way. 12. thought / believed / said / asked / seen / made etc. C subject + passive verb + infinitive ↓ …is / are / was / were etc.He claims that Iceland has a very pleasant climate.Many people regard the cathedral in Florence as one of the most imposing in the world. They are said to be millionaires.People believed that fresh air was bad for sick people.Police think the man holding the hostages is heavily armed.We appointed Mr. 5.Many believe that Sweden has one of the richest economies in Europe. 7. 3. 11. 10.People think that she died in a plane crash. 9.We expect that the rate of inflation will rise. Pirates were reported to have invaded the city in the 16th century and stolen all the gold and silver from the churches. 8. 1. 2. Evans secretary.Somebody saw Harris leave the plane in Ontario. it was believed that illnesses were caused by evil spirits.4 ----------------------------------------------------------------------- Passives: Complex structures Note these passive structures. B structure with introductory it: It is thought / believed etc. 4.The villagers called her a witch. that … At the time.

Flooding has worsened in recent years. 15. (believe firmly) It ………………………………………………………………………. We’ve recently _____________________________________________ 2. 1- National security is of paramount importance.They reported that pirates had invaded the city in the 16th century and stolen all the gold and silver from the churches.Rewrite the sentences in the passive using the words in brackets. 3. 1-Our lawn has recently been mown.Rephrase using HAVE SOMETHING DONE in the correct tense.Air travel causes a great deal of pollution. (consider generally) Oil ………………………………………………………………………….They made me give them details of my bank accounts.Oil is running out. (accept widely) It ……………………………………………………………………………. ..Monsoons are a tropical phenomenon. 6. I´d like ____________________________________________________ 3-That charming lady used to do the housework for them.Human actions are responsible for global warming.5 13-People believed the earth was the centre of the universe.Public transport is very unreliable.I’d like someone to do up my bedroom. (see usually) Public transport …………………………………………………………… 7.Wind power is the best solution to the global energy crisis. 4. 2. (acknowledge widely) Commercial flights …………………………………………………………….. 8. -------------------------------------------------------------------2. (say often) It ……………………………………………………………………………. (report frequently) It …………………………………………………………………………………. (regard usually) Monsoons ………………………………………………………………. 5. Mind word order. 14. -------------------------------------------------------------------3.

Jenny_______________________________________________________________ 8-Our roof had just been re-tiled when a ferocious hailstorm destroyed everything. We´ll _____________________________________________________ 5-Mum isn´t at home now. Mum ______________________________________________________ 6-John takes all my neighbours´ dogs for a walk every afternoon.The house should be refurbished before we move in.Our holiday photos were being developed and printed when the computer system crashed. Her hair is being cut. She´s at the hairdresser´s. We should ________________________________________ . My neighbours _______________________________________________ 7-A wonderful childminder looked after Jenny´s children when they were very young.6 They used _________________________________________________ 4-Tom will paint our facade. We were ______________________________________________________________________ 10. We’d ______________________________________________________________ 9.