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An intranet is a computer network that uses Internet Protocol technology to share information, operational systems, or computing services within an organization. The term is used in contrast to internet, a network between organizations, and instead refers to a network within an organization. Sometimes, the term refers only to the organization's internal website, but may be a more extensive part of the organization's information technology infrastructure, and may be composed of multiple local area networks. An intranet may host multiple private websites and constitute an important component and focal point of internal communication and collaboration. Any of the well-known Internet protocols may be found in an intranet, such as HTTP (web services), SMTP (e-mail), and FTP (file transfer protocol). Internet technologies are often deployed to provide modern interfaces to legacy information systems hosting corporate data. An intranet can be understood as a private analog of the Internet, or as a private extension of the Internet confined to an organization. The first intranet websites and home pages began to appear in organizations in 1996-1997. Although not officially noted, the term intranet first became common-place among early adopters, such as universities and technology corporations, in 1992. Intranets are sometimes contrasted to extranets. While intranets are generally restricted to employees of the organization, extranets may also be accessed by customers, suppliers, or other approved parties.[1] Extranets extend a private network onto the Internet with special provisions for authentication, authorization and accounting (AAA protocol). In many organizations, intranets are protected from unauthorized external access by means of a network gateway and firewall. For smaller companies, intranets may be created simply by using private IP address ranges, such as In these cases, the intranet can only be directly accessed from a computer in the local network; however, companies may provide access to offsite employees by using a virtual private network, or by other access methods, requiring user authentication and encryption.

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It understands one or more network protocols. A key element of the DNS is a worldwide collection of DNS servers. Switch: A piece of hardware that offers a direct connection to a particular PC is called switch. such as IP or IPX. Mail Server: A mail server is the computerized equivalent of your friendly neighborhood mailman. graphics. Every email that is sent passes through a series of mail servers along its way to its intended recipient. video. Typically. When two computers are connected over the Internet. and computer programs. DNS Server: The Domain Name System (DNS) is a standard technology for managing the names of Web sites and other Internet domains. DNS technology allows you to type names into your Web browser like compnetworking. An intranet can also be used to facilitate working in groups and for teleconferences. Intranet: An intranet is a private network that is contained within an and your computer to automatically find that address on the Internet. an intranet includes connections through one or more gateway computers to the outside Internet. they can send and receive all kinds of information such as text. A Router accepts packets on at least two network interfaces.Internet: Internet means of connecting a computer to any other computer anywhere in the world via dedicated routers and servers.about. and forwards packets from one interface to another. It may consist of many interlinked local area networks and also use leased lines in the wide area network. 2 | Page . voice. The main purpose of an intranet is to share company information and computing resources among employees. Router: A Router is a device that connects two networks .frequently over large distances.

A client connects to the proxy server. Once you have an idea of what an intranet can & cannot do. company information is there to be shared. what content should be shared. connection. Seminar can be another source of information. the size of the intranet. Planning an Intranet With complex technology. requesting some service. & how the information will be accessed. Planning is part of a six step procedure that is explained briefly in the following section. the company has a license for only a certain number of users. This means deciding on. It is important to determine who the primary users are. Plan Ahead The first step is to define the goal of an intranet & plan accordingly. & the larger the number of users is. However the designer should consider the risks of this information falling into the hands of the competition. 1. the richer the information is. or other resource available from a different server. the training involved & the required financial & the 3 | Page . a fair amount of planning is needed to design. the next phase in planning is to outline the scope of the project. Meeting with designers & users may bring up the problems & possible solutions. As a part of planning.Web Server: Web server can refer to either the hardware (the computer) or the software (the computer application) that helps to deliver Web content that can be accessed through the Internet. how long it should it take to install. In principle. implement & maintain a corporate intranet. web page. or office building using network media. Proxy Server: In computer networks. a proxy server is a server (a computer system or an application) that acts as an intermediary for requests from clients seeking resources from other servers. computer laboratory. LAN: A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers in a limited area such as a home. it is sometime helpful to visit a firm that has been successful in installing an intranet site. such as a file. school. Typically. Assigning password is a traditional way to help protect & limit access. among other things. different client demands & heavy information traffic in a typical firm.

some homework should be done to justify the investment & ensure support from top management. 3. 4. An outside firm dedicated to full-time intranet has lots of specialist available.technical resources. In deciding what to do. The key is to map out the site well in advance. It can be demonstrated that hearing a president’s quarterly report on the intranet is more effective than reading it. only to learn that employees still feel more comfortable printing out their e-mail messages.How available are they? How qualified are they?  Cost. Provide Justification In the process planning an intranet.Which way is cheaper?  Hardware & software. An effective strategy for selling upper management on the change is that an intranet can be modified to address changing needs. especially if the intranet site is to be hosted by the consulting firm.Do existing company networks support an intranet?  Budget-Are adequate funds available to fully implement the proposed intranet? Outsourcing has definite advantages. the next step is to decide whether the technology should be built by the IT department or contracted to an outside firm. Form an Intranet Team 4 | Page . with an intranet. Build In-house or Outsource After top management approves the master staff. an outside firm might end up doing better job. The traditional approach to justification that makes sense to management is to do a return on investment analysis. They are likely to be more efficient than in.  In-house resource. 2. all it takes is one click o a button. The human factors also must be considered: Planners need to map out of strategies to acculturate employees to using the intranet once it becomes operational. The map must account for every detail that contributes to a successful installation. several factors must be considered. which might better be used for other critical projects. Depending on the company’s technology infrastructure. Stories abound about companies that spend millions on intranet technology. comparing total costs with benefits.

The team normally consists of a representative from each department or division. one should be included from the IT department. promotes it. A tricky part of informing a team for this type of project is appointing people who have no political string or hidden agendas that might affect the process adversely. When the team size increases beyond seven or eight members. The feedback could be a timely contribution to the final system. In the case of outsourcing. it requires a chair person with an agenda. For example. a representative from the contracted firm should set up an agenda with the company team & provide progress reports on regular basis. & acts as an ambassador to explain to users how the system could do them a lot of good. The champion is important to the prototype phase. A champion is a person in the organization who supports the project from the beginning. Ensure Effective Maintenance 5 | Page . predefined procedures. more people will resist change than welcome it. & sub committees. prototype is only a representation of the system. with complex projects that affect processes & people. Build & Test a Prototype Before going all out to develop a corporate-wide intranet. In addition to a representative from each department. 5. However. 6. it would be wise to build a piece of the site & allow users to test it. Unfortunately. all of which could make the whole process unwieldy. A champion can do wonders to ensure the success of the new installation.A company-wide project like an intranet requires a representative team from various divisions or departments to overseas the process from beginning to end. a representative team from a large department might want to secure higher-priority access for the department. as well as consultant & a project coordinator. This might mean compromising equal response time for smaller or remote departments. not the system itself.

E-mail will continue. 6 | Page . technical expertise. Included in maintenance is enhancement. monitor the intranet traffic. This person’s main job is to touch with management at all levels. An intranet can take more effort up-to-date than to create. & ability to work with people are critical to a webmaster’s job. which is the daily upgrade for news. Poor maintenance means dated information. Communication skills.Keeping corporate information up to date & available around the clock is the most critical part of intranet operations. & provide technical leadership. but an intranet means more than just an e-mail. gather & post news items. reports & procedures. Maintenance includes assigning full-time person to be the site webmaster. Maintenance means making sure the intranet continues to operate based on the standards set in the design. which quickly gives the impression that nothing new or different is going in the company.

Intranet Plan in Leading University Switch Router Switch Mail Server DNS Server Web Server Proxy Server Linux LAN 1 Gener al lab LAN 2 ACL LAN 3 3rd floor LAN 4 4th floor LAN 5 th 5 floor Central Server @ Floor 4th LANconnection different floor in Figure:LU Intranet connection How It Works? 7 | Page .

4th & 5th floor. connection. In general Lab there are two LAN (Local Area Network) connections which are capable of serving 48 PC’s. Lacking’s :  Devices of intranet connections are ancient. the first one is mail server. Servers & PC. That means in term of LU. LAN. Rest of the LAN’s are using in different PC’s in 3rd. In Advanced Computer Lab (ACL) there are one LAN connection & it is providing connection to 24 PC’s. The third one is web server that helps to deliver Web content that can be accessed through the Internet.which send passes through a series of mail servers along its way to its intended recipient. In time of network upgrading they use CD/DVD to store the data & keep it as back-up file. such as a file. Here Router works as a nuclear of an intranet system. And the second one is called DNS server which stands for Domain Name System (DNS) is a standard technology for managing the names of Web sites and other Internet domains. Though this way the all faculty (academic & administrative) can send data and receive it by using intranet. And the last one is that acts as an intermediary for requests from clients seeking resources from other servers . From another switch there are different LAN goes to different floor and different places each LAN consists of 24 ports that means it can connect over 24 PC’s. An intranet can work without the using of internet. There are four servers in this intranet system. Switch. or other resource available from a different server. There are two server controller are working full time in LU server room for maintaining & controlling the total system.An intranet system consists of various parts such as Router. Suppose a faculty member wants to send a result sheet to the admission department then he can easily send it to the recipient through the intranet & here he/she need not use to internet service. they can use intranet service without an internet connection. 8 | Page . In Leading University intranet infrastructure system has two switches which control the total system by on & off. web page.

Recommendation: For batter intranet connection we can provide some recommendations. All pc are not connected. these are: 9 | Page .  Wearing system is very old & weak that’s why some time fails to carry load. Sometime they lost their connection.  Every pc’s are not well connected.

 Needs new devices for batter & faster intranet connection. Conclusion : In the end we can say that an intranet is recommended in every small & large organization.  Management should change the ancient wearing system for satisfactory intranet service.  Keep connections stronger with effective maintenance. By using intranet it is 10 | P a g e . Every pc’s of every floor & office should be connected. If it is educational organization then it is more important than any other.

By proper maintenance & by using ultra-modern technology LU can improve their intranet infrastructure & can provide a better & fast intranet service to all. Reference:  Ajwad M Elias Electronic commerce from vision to fulfillment 11 | P a g e .making the harder work to easier & it is mostly helpful in case of sharing & transferring data.

 http://en. LU. Page – (111-113) 3rd Edition Publish By – Prentice-Hall of India Private limited  Hossain Kamal Md Asst. (IT).org/wiki/Intranet 12 | P a g e .4 .Chapter. Engineer.wikipedia.