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Distribution System Reliability and System Benchmarking

12/02/08 11:00 – 12:30
Sallehhudin Yusof Advanced Power Solutions (APS), Malaysia

Scope of the Presentation 1) Distribution system reliability 2) Distribution system reliability benchmarking .

r.t. Reliability .Contents 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Introduction Review of reliability indices Reliability performance reporting Reliability analysis in network planning and design Fundamental of Benchmarking Functional benchmarking w.

Introduction .

Determination of Distribution Reliability Motivations/Objectives a) To gauge/measure customer satisfaction b) Improve system performance c) Basis for network expansion planning d) Comply with regulatory requirements e) Determine performance based rate making f) Maintenance scheduling and Resource allocation .

of satisfactory quality.What is Reliability? Reliability is the ability of the power delivery system to make continuously available sufficient voltage. to meet the consumers’ needs .

Electric Utility Reliability of Supply 1) 2) 3) 4) What should be measured? What level of performance should be promised? How should performance be monitored? How should performance standards be enforced? .

Review of Reliability Indices .

Reliability Indices 1) Reliability indices measure the performance of an entire utility or parts of its system. 2) Usually. such indices are evaluated on a monthly and annual basis (Did we do better this year? or Worse?) .

and 5) Th frequency of interruptions. hours. 4) The amount of power (kVA/kW) interrupted.Factors Typically Considered for Reliability Indices 1) The number of customers served and affected. 3) The duration of the interruption measured in. or days. The f fi t ti . 2) The connected load. minutes.

An interruption is the result of one or more component outages. . transformer out of service.Basic terms for Outages and Interruptions 1) Outage – a failure of part of the power supply system – for example a line down. or a circuit breaker that opens when it shouldn’t. 2) Interruption – a cessation of service to one or more customers.

2) Scheduled outage. p . usually for p p purpose of construction. or repair. p 3) Transient forced outage. either automatically or as soon as switching operations can be performed. . An outage that results from emergency conditions directly associated with a component requiring that it be taken out of service immediately. . An outage whose cause is immediately self-clearing so that the affected component can be restored to service either automatically or as soon as a switch or circuit breaker can be reclosed or a fuse replaced.Types of Outages 1) Forced outage. preventive maintenance. An outage that results when a component is deliberately taken out of service at a selected time. or an outage caused by improper operation of equipment or human error.

Note: With permission of TNB Distribution .

An interruption caused by a scheduled outage.Interruptions 1) Interruption duration. Any interruption longer than 1/5 minutes . The period from the initiation of an interruption to a consumer until service has been restored to that consumer. An interruption caused by a forced outage. 4) Momentary interruption. An interruption of duration limited to the period required to restore service by automatic or supervisory controlled switching operations or by manual switching at locations where an operator is immediately available. 5) Sustained interruption. Any interruption not classified as a momentary interruption. 2) Scheduled interruption. 3) Forced interruption.