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CE51

Central heating system specifications (CHeSS) Year 2008

1 Reference tables showing SAP ratings. 5. installation and commissioning 3 Water treatment 4 Circulator pump 5 Boiler size and type 6 Boiler efficiency 7 Hot water cylinder (basic) 8 Hot water cylinder (high performance) 9 Thermal store (high performance) 10 Circuits and zones 11 Heating controls 12 Wireless controls 13 Boiler interlock 14 An automatic bypass valve Gas heated dwellings LPG heated dwellings Oil heated dwellings References 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 6 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 11 12 13 14 3.3 Dwelling CO2 emission rate (DER) 2.Contents 1. Front cover image © Energy Saving Trust. 8. DER. DEFRA) 2. 2005 edition.2 SAP (The Government’s Standard Assessment Procedure for Energy Rating of Dwellings. and savings attributable to CHeSS 2.5 Energy and costs 2. 6. 2. Photographer McNeil Design Ltd 2 Central heating system specifications (CHeSS) Year 2008 . 4. 7.4 Environmental impact (CO2) rating and band 2. Introduction Reference points 2. HR8.6 The reference case Central heating system specifications (Year 2008) Notes applicable to CHeSS HR7. energy consumption. HC7. environmental impact (CO2). HC8 (Year 2008) 1 Other components 2 Design.

Building regulations apply to replacement heating systems in existing housing. • Installers should use them to quote for systems of defined quality. The specifications have been prepared for the Energy Saving Trust at the request of the Heating Strategy Group of the Energy Efficiency Partnership for Homes. For notes on the specifications see pages 8 to 10. with assistance from the trade associations of manufacturers of heating products. More detailed advice on the selection and installation of domestic wet central heating systems is given in domestic wet central heating systems (see Refs [3]. To help mitigate the effects of climate change. • Following the specifications will improve energy efficiency and reduce carbon emissions. and also Ref [5]). Scotland and Northern Ireland (Refs [1. [4]. comparable with their competitors. environmental impact (CO2) ratings.1. and quantified savings are included for reference. CHeSS (Year 2008) replaces CHeSS (Year 2005) to take account of changes to building regulations and other developments. • Purchasers should use the CHeSS specifications to ensure their heating installations will conform to current basic or best practice. cost effective. the Energy Saving Trust has a range of technical solutions to help UK housing professionals build to higher levels of energy efficiency. Basic means sufficient to comply with building regulations in England and Wales. and able to save energy without incurring undue risks: this evolves with emerging technological development. Introduction Home energy use is responsible for over a quarter of UK carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions which contribute to climate change. Central heating system specifications (CHeSS) Year 2008 3 . Best practice means the adoption of products and technologies that are already established in the market. 2 and 11]). SAP 2005 (Ref [6]) has been used to carry out these calculations. This publication also includes reference tables to show typical SAP ratings. This guide gives basic and best practice specifications for the components of domestic wet central heating systems that are critical to energy efficiency. for references see page 14. energy savings and fuel cost savings attributable to CHeSS. as well as new ones.

2 SAP (The Government’s Standard Assessment Procedure for Energy Rating of Dwellings. 2. determine its heat requirements. Energy prices for SAP are averaged over a period to eliminate short-term fluctuations.5 Energy and costs The energy in kWh per year for the reference case (described below). and a rating of 100 is reached when the net energy consumption (over a whole year) is zero. with 100 representing zero net emissions.4 Environmental impact (CO2) rating and band The environmental impact (EI) rating is a number representing the annual CO2 emissions. Environmental impact (CO2) rating Rating 92 or more 81 to 91 69 to 80 55 to 68 39 to 54 21 to 38 1 to 20 Band A B C D E F G 2. and savings attributable to CHeSS Tables 1 to 3 show the benefits of domestic wet central heating systems that meet the CHeSS specifications. dwelling emission rate (DER).1 Reference tables showing SAP ratings. such as the insulation. These are given in units of kg CO2 per square metre of floor area per year. 93% for LPG. calculated as part of the SAP procedure. Where savings are quoted they are compared with a reference case. or 95% for oil. and fuel cost savings. while the type of heating system and heating fuel determine the energy use. 2. Ratings above 100 are possible when the dwelling is a net exporter of energy. Boilers can be obtained with approximate efficiencies up to 91% for gas. Numbers above 100 are possible if the dwelling is a net exporter of energy. Reference points 2. ventilation and lighting. and the target emission rate (TER) for compliance with building regulations. 2005 edition. are for heating and hot water energy consumption only. Higher numbers represent lower emissions. energy consumption. Cost savings are quoted for CHeSS systems in comparison with the reference case. The properties of a building. environmental impact (CO2) rating. and current prices may vary depending on energy suppliers and market movements.2. energy consumption. DEFRA) SAP is the UK Government’s procedure for the energy rating of homes (see Ref [6]). less savings from any energy generated in the building. High numbers represent better energy performance. explained below. The number range is divided into bands labelled A to G. Energy prices are taken from table 12 of SAP 2005 (see Ref [6]). oil) and a range of dwelling types. This is based on the calculated cost of space and water heating. Other columns in the tables are explained on the next page. cost and CO2 emissions under standard occupancy conditions. 4 Central heating system specifications (CHeSS) Year 2008 . In the latest version. LPG. and standing charges are excluded. for use on energy performance certificates. DER. ventilation and lighting. The basic and best practice calculations are based on boilers that meet the minimum efficiencies specified in CHeSS. the tables give quantified improvements to the SAP rating. To comply with building regulations all new homes must have a SAP assessment. the rating scale is 1 to 100. Higher savings are possible by purchasing boilers with SEDBUK (Seasonal Efficiency of Domestic Boilers in the UK) above those minimum levels. as shown below. environmental impact (CO2). For different fuels (gas. and percentage savings for CHeSS basic and best practice.3 Dwelling CO2 emission rate (DER) SAP also calculates the dwelling emission rate (DER). These take account of energy used for space and water heating. 2. SAP 2005.

and all day at weekends. Savings are calculated by changing the heating systems to meet the basic and best practice CHeSS specifications.5W/m2K).1W/m2K) or filled cavity walls (0.5W/m2K). but leaving the insulation and other characteristics unchanged. • Primary pipe-work uninsulated (not applicable to combi boiler systems). but no thermostatic radiator valves (TRVs). equivalent to a 55mm insulating jacket on a 120 litre cylinder (not applicable to combi boiler systems). Total floor areas are typical for each of the dwelling types as shown below. Each type of dwelling has the same insulation standard.Reference points 2. which have been calculated using the Building Research Establishment Domestic Energy Model (BREDEM).0W/m2K).6 The reference case Savings are based on comparisons with dwelling characteristics known as the reference case. • Cylinder insulated to the stock average level. The main features of the heating system are: • Gas boiler with SEDBUK efficiency 73% (75% is the stock average and 2% is deducted to represent the proportion of the stock lacking boiler interlock). • Mostly double glazing (average U-value 3. • 100mm loft insulation (0. which is: • Uninsulated solid floor (U-value varying depending on dimensions). To get realistic savings. • Or oil boiler with SEDBUK efficiency 82%. • Cylinder thermostat present (not applicable to combi boiler systems). Total floor areas Dwelling type Flat * Detached bungalow Semi-detached bungalow Mid-terraced End-terraced Semi-detached Detached Floor area (m2) 61 67 64 79 79 99 104 * Top floor flat with two external walls (a top floor flat has an energy consumption intermediate between a ground and mid-floor flat) Central heating system specifications (CHeSS) Year 2008 5 . • Room thermostat and programmer. • Solid wooden doors (3.4W/m2K). • Solid walls (U-value 2. • Or LPG boiler with SEDBUK efficiency 75%. It is assumed that each dwelling is heated to 21°C in the living area during the morning and evening on weekdays. the reference case has heating systems and insulation standards typical of the housing stock.

2. Central heating system specifications – CHeSS (Year 2008) Basic (2008) Reference Description Boiler (see notes 5 and 6) Hot water store CHeSS – HR7 (2008) Domestic wet central heating system with regular boiler (natural gas. • • • • • Time switch Room thermostat Boiler interlock (see note 13) TRVs on all radiators. CHeSS – HC7 (2008) Domestic wet central heating system with combi or CPSU boiler (natural gas. whose heat exchanger and insulation properties both meet or exceed (see note 7) those of the relevant British Standards (see Refs [7]. or oil). EITHER • Hot water cylinder. 3 and 4. 6 Central heating system specifications (CHeSS) Year 2008 . OR • Thermal (primary) storage system.[8]).3. 11 and 12) See notes 1. 11 and 12) Installation Basic (2008) Reference Description Boiler (see notes 5 and 6) Hot water store Controls (see notes 10. except in rooms with a room thermostat Automatic bypass valve (see note 14) Installation See notes 1. • • • • • • Full programmer Room thermostat Cylinder thermostat Boiler interlock (see note 13) TRVs on all radiators. • A combi or CPSU boiler which has a SEDBUK efficiency of at least 86% (bands A and B) None. except in rooms with a room thermostat Automatic bypass valve (see note 14) Controls (see notes 10. or oil) and separate hot water store. • A regular boiler (not a combi) which has a SEDBUK efficiency of at least 86% (bands A and B). unless included within boiler. LPG. 3 and 4. whose insulation properties meet or exceed those specified in Ref [9]. 2. LPG.

LPG. or oil). 3 and 4 Installation Central heating system specifications (CHeSS) Year 2008 7 . unless included within boiler. • A regular boiler (not a combi) which has a SEDBUK efficiency of at least 90% (band A). but at present cannot be confirmed as cost effective. Controls (see notes 10. consideration should be given to fitting a cylinder with an additional heat exchanger to allow for solar water heating. 3 and 4. EITHER • High-performance hot water cylinder (see note 8). with additional timing capability for hot water • Cylinder thermostat • Boiler interlock (see note 13) • TRVs on all radiators. but at present cannot be confirmed as cost effective. except in rooms with a room thermostat • Automatic bypass valve (see note 14) More advanced controls. such as weather compensation. such as weather compensation. See notes 1. except in rooms with a room thermostat • Automatic bypass valve (see note 14) More advanced controls. 2. • Programmable room thermostat. or oil) and separate hot water store. • A combi or CPSU boiler which has a SEDBUK efficiency of at least 90% (band A). 11 and 12) Installation Recommended best practice (2008) Reference Description Boiler (see notes 5 and 6) Hot water store Controls (see notes 10.Central heating system specifications – CHeSS (Year 2008) Recommended best practice (2008) Reference Description Boiler (see notes 5 and 6) Hot water store CHeSS – HR8 (2008) Domestic wet central heating system with regular boiler (natural gas. In suitable buildings. OR • High-performance thermal (primary) storage system (see note 9). may be considered. • Programmable room thermostat • Boiler interlock (see note 13) • TRVs on all radiators. 11 and 12) CHeSS – HC8 (2008) Domestic wet central heating system with combi or CPSU boiler (natural gas. See notes 1. None. may be considered. 2. LPG.

For both new and replacement systems. A combined primary storage unit (CPSU) is a boiler with a burner that heats a thermal store directly. Advice on the need for treatment and on causes of problems is given in BS 7593 (see Ref [14]). HC7.energysavingtrust.org. HR8 and HC8 are condensing boilers. HR8. 2. [2].uk/housingbuildings/ calculators/boilersizing A regular boiler does not have the capability to provide domestic hot water directly. In each case the recommendation of the boiler manufacturer must be followed as damage may be caused by unsuitable treatment. thorough cleaning is essential. All components must be selected and sized correctly. and is used in SAP assessments and the building regulations. Other components will be required. 3. Circulator pump Advice on pump dimensioning is available from the BPMA (British Pump Manufacturers’ Association) website at www. HC8 (Year 2008) 1.org. Design. Boiler efficiency SEDBUK (Seasonal Efficiency of Domestic Boilers in the UK) is the preferred measure of the seasonal efficiency of a boiler installed in typical domestic conditions in the UK. Condensing boilers are fitted with a drain to dispose of the liquid condensate. 4.boilers. and some models contain an internal hot water store. The SEDBUK efficiency of most current and obsolete boilers can be found on the website www.uk. an A to G scale of percentage bands has also been defined below. [18]). and motorised valves. Boiler size and type The whole house boiler sizing method for houses and flats gives guidance on boiler size and is available on the Energy Saving Trust website at www. such as radiators.bpma. circulator pumps (see note 4). installation and commissioning Heating systems should be designed to match the heating needs of the buildings in which they are installed. They should be installed in accordance with relevant safety regulations. using methods such as those described in Ref [5]. Other components The specifications list only the principal components of a heating system affecting energy efficiency. All boilers in the CHeSS specifications HR7. and the CIBSE guide (see Ref [5]). [13]. the Benchmark scheme (see Ref [10]). building regulations (see Refs [1]. For oil boilers the OFTEC forms CD/10 and CD/11 (or similar) for installation and commissioning should be completed. 5. A combination (combi) boiler does have the capability to provide domestic hot water directly. whether installed in new or existing housing. When a boiler is replaced it is essential to drain and flush all old water from the system in case it contains a corrosion inhibitor unsuitable for the new boiler. [11]). cisterns (feed and expansion tanks). though it may do so indirectly via a separate hot water store. Building regulations require all new gas and oil boilers to be condensing. manufacturers’ instructions. More detailed advice on domestic wet central heating systems is given in the Energy Saving Trust guides (see Refs [3] and [4]). Although SEDBUK is expressed as a percentage. Notes applicable to CHeSS HR7.org. HC7. Water treatment Water treatment is important as it prolongs effective and trouble-free operation. Three types of water treatment should be considered: • Cleaning and flushing of the system before use • Corrosion inhibition • Softening of the water supply to combi boilers for hot water service in hard water areas. and British Standards (see Refs [12]. unless there are exceptional circumstances that would make the installation impractical or excessively costly. the Domestic Heating Compliance Guide (see Ref [16]). Commissioning and handover of information on operation and maintenance is a requirement of building regulations and a suitable commissioning certificate should be issued. 8 Central heating system specifications (CHeSS) Year 2008 . For further definitions of boiler types see Appendix D of Ref [6]. 6. Each of these may be either a condensing or noncondensing boiler. and condensing boilers are always more efficient.uk Pumps installed separately from the boiler (not supplied as part of the boiler unit) which have automatic speed control should not be used in heating systems with TRVs unless the design of the pump and system ensures that the minimum flow rate through the boiler (as specified by the boiler manufacturer) is certain to be maintained under all conditions. [17].4.

The standing heat loss must not exceed: 1. HC8 (Year 2008) SEDBUK Efficiency range 90% and above 86% – 90% 82% – 86% 78% – 82% 74% – 78% 70% – 74% Below 70% Band A B C D E F G water heating system. or both together but not independently.2 + 0. Note that the WMA Performance Specification for Thermal Stores is shortly to be superseded by a revised 2008 specification from the HWA (Hot Water Association). HC7. where V is the capacity in litres. so that the operation of the heating in each zone can be timed and temperature controlled independently. and comply with the specification in other respects. All cylinders shall be labelled with the standing heat loss in kWh/24hours.6 x (0. usually in a weekly cycle. A time switch is an electrical switch operated by a clock to control either space heating or hot water.e. as set out in Note 7. A full programmer allows the time settings for space heating and hot water to be fully independent. i. 9. In the case of solar-compatible cylinders the heat exchanger performance of the upper coil (connected to the boiler) shall relate to the volume of water heated by that coil. Where cylinder capacity (V) in litres is less than 200. The performance of unvented cylinders shall comply with BS EN 12897:2006 (see Ref [8]) or be approved by the BBA or other equivalent body. Solar-compatible cylinders contain an additional heat exchanger or other provision for connection to a solar Central heating system specifications (CHeSS) Year 2008 9 . Hot water cylinder (basic) Vented cylinders shall comply with the performance requirements of BS 1566:2002 Type P cylinders (see Ref [7]). Some models also allow time control of hot water. A single target temperature may be set by the user. where V is the capacity in litres. Circuits and zones Systems with regular boilers must have separately controlled circuits to the hot water cylinder and radiators. A programmable room thermostat is a combined time switch and room thermostat that allows the user to set different periods with different target temperatures for space heating.Notes applicable to CHeSS HR7. 10. They offer the opportunity to install a solar water heating system at greatly reduced cost and with less disruption in the future. All cylinders must be factory insulated such that the standing heat loss will not exceed: 1. a 150 litre cylinder shall have a minimum heat exchanger performance of 15kW. Hot water cylinder (high performance) A high performance cylinder may be either vented or unvented.051 V2/3) kWh per 24 hours. Al cylinders shall be labelled with the standing heat loss in kWh/24hours. e. Large properties must be divided into zones not exceeding 150m2 floor area. A room thermostat measures the air temperature within the building and switches the space heating on and off. therefore replacing a full programmer.28 x (0.051 V2/3) kWh per 24 hours.2 + 0. The manufacturer must confirm that the heat exchanger and insulation properties exceed the requirements of the relevant British Standards (see Refs [7]. the ratio of V to heat exchanger performance (in kW) shall not exceed 10. HR8. and both circuits must have pumped circulation. 8.g. The most common are repeated below. Indirect cylinders shall also be labelled with the heat exchanger performance in kW as measured by BS 1566: 2002 (vented) or BS EN 12897 (unvented). the dedicated solar volume shall be subtracted from the total cylinder capacity for the purposes of heat exchanger assessment. Heating controls Definitions of heating controls are given in Ref [4]. 7. Thermal store (high performance) A high-performance thermal (primary) storage system must have insulation properties exceeding by at least 15% those given in the WMA Performance Specification for Thermal Stores (see Ref [9]). Where V is 200 or above the cylinder shall have a minimum heat exchanger performance of 20kW. High performance cylinders shall comply with the heat exchanger performance and labelling requirements of basic cylinders. 11. [8]).

as the directive is designed only to ensure that wireless products do not cause harmful interference to other transmissions. or specifies that a minimum flow rate has to be maintained while the boiler is firing. and the device is marked in accordance with clause 4. in order to achieve the minimum flow rate required (but not more) when alternative water paths are closed. The installed bypass circuit must then include an automatic bypass valve (not a fixedposition valve).3. A bypass circuit must be installed if the boiler manufacturer requires one. Boiler interlock Boiler interlock is not a physical device but an arrangement of the system controls (room thermostats.1 (see Ref [15]) the receiver classification (clause 4. 14. 10 Central heating system specifications (CHeSS) Year 2008 . Consequently it is not sufficient for the manufacturer to confirm compliance with the RTTE Directive. 12.4. An automatic bypass valve An automatic bypass valve controls water flow in accordance with the water pressure across it. In a system with a combi boiler this can be achieved by fitting a room thermostat.1. TRVs alone are not sufficient for boiler interlock. Compliance with the essential requirements of the European Radio and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment (RTTE) Directive 1999/5/EC is insufficient. do not include any frequencies below 430MHz. and motorised valve(s). otherwise they may become unreliable as nearby frequency bands become increasingly utilised by communication services.Notes applicable to CHeSS HR7. It does not give any assurance that the product has a satisfactory level of immunity to interference from other radio transmissions. Wireless controls Wireless controls are susceptible to radio transmissions and should therefore be designed to a satisfactory level of immunity. HC8 (Year 2008) A cylinder thermostat measures the temperature of the hot water cylinder and switches the water heating on and off. and is used to maintain a minimum flow rate through the boiler and to limit circulation pressure when alternative water paths are closed. It may also be achieved by more advanced controls. Care must be taken to set up the automatic bypass valve correctly. In a system with a regular boiler this can be achieved by correct wiring interconnection of the room thermostat. 13. A thermostatic radiator valve (TRV) has an air temperature sensor which is used to control the heat output from the radiator by adjusting water flow. and that in regard to ETSI EN 300 220-1 v1. The manufacturer should also confirm that the switching range. and preferably alignment range. cylinder thermostat.3.1) is either Class 1 or Class 2. programmers and time switches) so as to ensure that the boiler does not fire when there is no demand for heat. HR8. such as a boiler energy manager. programmable room thermostats. cylinder thermostats. HC7.

4 36.2 CHeSS Best 32.0 34.6 CHeSS Basic 33.8 CHeSS Basic 43.6 56.120 16.5 41. The benefits of domestic gas wet central heating systems that meet the CHeSS specifications Gas heated dwelling with solid walls and a regular boiler SAP Ref Case 64 51 54 63 54 53 45 CHeSS Basic 70 59 62 70 62 61 54 CHeSS Best 71 60 63 71 63 62 55 Environmental impact (CO2) rating Ref Case 59 45 48 58 48 47 40 CHeSS Basic 67 53 56 66 56 55 47 CHeSS Best 68 54 57 67 58 57 49 DER (kgCO2/m2/yr) Ref Case 52.6 48.1 32.8 51.6 Energy (kWh/yr) – % saving Ref Case 14.4 49.975 21.4 34.0 52.2 49.7 70.306 14.406 17.4 Energy (kWh/yr) – % saving Ref Case 14.8 55.779 15.0 68.9 43.1 54.5 39.5.4 CHeSS Basic 43. bungalow Mid-terraced End terraced Semi-detached Detached Gas heated dwelling with filled cavity walls and a regular boiler SAP Ref Case 71 63 64 72 68 67 63 CHeSS Basic 76 69 71 77 74 72 70 CHeSS Best 77 71 72 78 75 73 71 Environmental impact (CO2) rating Ref Case 68 57 59 69 64 62 58 CHeSS Basic 74 65 67 75 71 69 66 CHeSS Best 75 67 69 76 72 71 68 DER (kgCO2/m2/yr) Ref Case 41.8 36.2 42.8 29.0 41.1 41.7 50.7 Energy (kWh/yr) – % saving Ref Case 11.2 38.0 CHeSS Best 41.0 62.896 CHeSS Basic 20% 18% 19% 21% 19% 19% 18% CHeSS Best 24% 22% 23% 25% 23% 23% 22% Cost saving (£/yr) CHeSS Basic 50 69 64 62 74 82 102 CHeSS Best 59 84 77 73 89 98 123 Dwelling type Flat Detached bungalow Semi-det.512 21. Gas heated dwellings Table 1: Dwellings with gas boilers.0 41.108 23.6 41.7 42.814 16.2 59.866 12.922 34.345 13.567 CHeSS Basic 22% 21% 21% 23% 22% 22% 21% CHeSS Best 26% 25% 25% 27% 26% 26% 25% Cost saving (£/yr) CHeSS Basic 41 57 53 49 55 62 73 CHeSS Best 48 67 62 57 64 73 86 Dwelling type Flat Detached bungalow Semi-det.8 CHeSS Basic 33.848 20.7 33.9 Energy (kWh/yr) – % saving Ref Case 11.347 34.2 62.1 51.9 51.551 14.6 49.9 34.2 48.261 20.836 18.625 22.5 56.1 28.5 40.2 63.0 51.2 40.705 23.7 44.3 35.1 61.5 57. bungalow Mid-terraced End terraced Semi-detached Detached Gas heated dwelling with filled cavity walls and a combi boiler SAP Ref Case 72 64 65 73 69 67 64 CHeSS Basic 76 69 71 77 74 72 70 CHeSS Best 77 70 72 78 75 73 71 Environmental impact (CO2) rating Ref Case 69 58 60 70 65 63 59 CHeSS Basic 74 65 67 75 71 69 66 CHeSS Best 75 67 68 76 72 71 67 DER (kgCO2/m2/yr) Ref Case 40.3 40.2 28.3 32.0 55.4 41.4 34.0 59.167 CHeSS Basic 19% 18% 19% 20% 19% 19% 19% CHeSS Best 22% 22% 22% 23% 23% 23% 23% Cost saving (£/yr) CHeSS Basic 34 49 45 40 47 53 66 CHeSS Best 41 59 54 48 55 63 79 Dwelling type Flat Detached bungalow Semi-det.056 15.7 68.0 34.9 29.9 54.9 53.0 57.0 34. bungalow Mid-terraced End terraced Semi-detached Detached Gas heated dwelling with solid walls and a combi boiler SAP Dwelling type Ref Case 65 52 55 64 55 54 46 CHeSS Basic 70 59 61 70 61 61 53 CHeSS Best 71 60 63 71 63 62 55 Environmental impact (CO2) rating Ref Case 60 46 48 59 48 47 40 CHeSS Basic 67 53 56 66 56 55 47 CHeSS Best 68 54 57 67 57 56 49 DER (kgCO2/m2/yr) Ref Case 51.8 71.9 49. bungalow Mid-terraced End terraced Semi-detached Detached Central heating system specifications (CHeSS) Year 2008 11 .532 16.5 67.2 56.5 51.361 25.4 36.721 26.951 23.0 69.543 CHeSS Basic 18% 17% 17% 19% 18% 18% 17% CHeSS Best 22% 20% 21% 22% 21% 21% 21% Cost saving (£/yr) CHeSS Basic 44 62 57 54 67 75 95 CHeSS Best 52 76 69 65 81 90 116 Flat Detached bungalow Semi-det.8 CHeSS Best 41.3 CHeSS Best 32.5 43.1 38.282 17.5 32.8 43.1 58.

1 Energy (kWh/yr) – % saving Ref Case 10.8 72.9 41.9 58.0 83.645 33. bungalow Mid-terraced End terraced Semi-detached Detached LPG heated dwelling with filled cavity walls and a regular boiler SAP Ref Case 42 29 31 43 37 35 30 CHeSS Basic 50 37 40 52 46 43 39 CHeSS Best 52 39 42 54 48 45 41 Environmental impact (CO2) rating Ref Case 63 51 53 64 58 56 52 CHeSS Basic 69 59 61 71 66 64 60 CHeSS Best 71 61 63 72 67 65 62 DER (kgCO2/m2/yr) Ref Case 48.993 CHeSS Basic 20% 19% 19% 21% 20% 20% 19% CHeSS Best 24% 22% 23% 25% 24% 23% 23% Cost saving (£/yr) CHeSS Basic 82 112 105 98 109 123 145 CHeSS Best 99 136 127 116 131 148 175 Dwelling type Flat Detached bungalow Semi-det.088 25.7 67. LPG heated dwellings Table 2: Dwellings with LPG boilers.0 80.5 38.7 69.824 15.418 16.1 55.2 47.5 34.4 79.045 20.602 CHeSS Basic 17% 16% 16% 18% 17% 17% 17% CHeSS Best 20% 20% 20% 21% 21% 21% 21% Cost saving (£/yr) CHeSS Basic 67 95 88 79 91 104 130 CHeSS Best 82 117 108 96 111 127 158 Dwelling type Flat Detached bungalow Semi-det.4 48.622 CHeSS Basic 16% 14% 15% 17% 15% 15% 15% CHeSS Best 20% 18% 19% 20% 19% 19% 18% Cost saving (£/yr) CHeSS Basic 85 119 110 106 130 144 181 CHeSS Best 105 150 138 130 161 179 229 Dwelling type Flat Detached bungalow Semi-det.1 72.5 40.9 57.7 59.224 16.8 82.7 CHeSS Basic 39.0 38.641 20.3 51.2 66.2 58.5 34.5 60.4 45.6.7 60.8 67.8 41.9 Energy (kWh/yr) – % saving Ref Case 14.966 CHeSS Basic 18% 16% 17% 19% 17% 17% 16% CHeSS Best 22% 20% 21% 23% 21% 21% 20% Cost saving (£/yr) CHeSS Basic 99 134 126 122 145 161 197 CHeSS Best 119 168 155 147 179 198 246 Dwelling type Flat Detached bungalow Semi-det.2 61.9 64.9 42.9 73.708 14.2 40.3 38.9 47.9 49.1 58.8 70.5 42.9 47.6 CHeSS Basic 39.9 65.7 51.0 78.0 50.8 CHeSS Basic 50.7 47.282 17. bungalow Mid-terraced End terraced Semi-detached Detached LPG heated dwelling with filled cavity walls and a combi boiler SAP Ref Case 43 30 32 45 38 36 31 CHeSS Basic 50 37 40 52 46 44 39 CHeSS Best 52 39 42 54 47 45 41 Environmental impact (CO2) rating Ref Case 64 52 54 65 59 57 53 CHeSS Basic 69 59 61 71 66 64 60 CHeSS Best 71 61 63 72 67 65 61 DER (kgCO2/m2/yr) Ref Case 46.0 40.8 50.1 70.3 48.9 CHeSS Best 38.4 59.5 33.0 67.5 40.470 12.8 49.7 64.552 22.5 59.9 80.230 33.1 40.8 CHeSS Best 38.0 Energy (kWh/yr) – % saving Ref Case 11.6 56.331 14.0 48.215 14.6 68.1 Energy (kWh/yr) – % saving Ref Case 14.2 45.872 14.240 19.8 CHeSS Best 48.4 33.0 70. The benefits of domestic LPG wet central heating systems that meet the CHeSS specifications LPG heated dwelling with solid walls and a regular boiler SAP Ref Case 31 15 18 30 18 17 10 CHeSS Basic 39 22 26 38 26 25 17 CHeSS Best 41 24 28 40 28 27 19 Environmental impact (CO2) rating Ref Case 53 39 41 52 42 40 34 CHeSS Basic 61 45 49 60 49 48 40 CHeSS Best 62 47 50 61 51 49 42 DER (kgCO2/m2/yr) Ref Case 61.863 17.1 47.0 CHeSS Basic 51. bungalow Mid-terraced End terraced Semi-detached Detached 12 Central heating system specifications (CHeSS) Year 2008 .236 22.625 23.937 12.2 38.874 17.521 20.0 CHeSS Best 49.6 42.3 61.738 25. bungalow Mid-terraced End terraced Semi-detached Detached LPG heated dwelling with solid walls and a combi boiler SAP Ref Case 32 16 19 31 19 18 10 CHeSS Basic 39 22 26 38 26 25 17 CHeSS Best 41 24 28 40 28 27 19 Environmental impact (CO2) rating Ref Case 54 39 42 53 42 41 34 CHeSS Basic 61 45 49 60 49 48 40 CHeSS Best 62 47 50 61 50 49 42 DER (kgCO2/m2/yr) Ref Case 59.232 22.0 49.2 61.9 67.3 48.

bungalow Mid-terraced End terraced Semi-detached Detached Oil heated dwelling with filled cavity walls and a regular boiler SAP Ref Case 71 61 63 71 67 64 61 CHeSS Basic 74 65 67 74 70 68 64 CHeSS Best 75 66 68 76 72 70 66 Environmental impact (CO2) rating Ref Case 61 50 52 63 57 55 51 CHeSS Basic 66 54 56 67 62 59 55 CHeSS Best 67 56 58 69 63 61 57 DER (kgCO2/m2/yr) Ref Case 50.2 72.5 48.966 20.0 76.657 18.3 79. Oil heated dwellings Table 3: Dwellings with oil boilers.4 CHeSS Basic 44.6 45.6 62.021 30.180 11.544 19.559 15.2 55.0 45.1 79.3 49.9 69.6 CHeSS Basic 57.6 46.6 73.5 52.2 74.2 68.9 53.5 48.1 CHeSS Best 42.3 42.0 63.222 14.613 11.1 43.141 15.494 16.1 43. bungalow Mid-terraced End terraced Semi-detached Detached Oil heated dwelling with solid walls and a combi boiler SAP Ref Case 63 48 51 62 51 49 41 CHeSS Basic 66 51 54 65 54 53 44 CHeSS Best 68 53 56 66 56 55 46 Environmental impact (CO2) rating Ref Case 53 38 41 51 41 40 33 CHeSS Basic 56 40 44 55 44 43 35 CHeSS Best 58 42 45 56 45 44 37 DER (kgCO2/m2/yr) Ref Case 61.5 45.9 Energy (kWh/yr) – % saving Ref Case 10.9 80.7 74.1 Energy (kWh/yr) – % saving Ref Case 13.790 CHeSS Basic 9% 8% 9% 10% 9% 9% 9% CHeSS Best 13% 12% 13% 14% 13% 13% 13% Cost saving (£/yr) CHeSS Basic 19 26 25 24 27 30 37 CHeSS Best 28 39 36 33 38 44 54 Dwelling type Flat Detached bungalow Semi-det.1 53.6 66.129 13.8 50.9 75.6 52.9 54.7 CHeSS Best 55.5 CHeSS Best 54.1 49.1 Energy (kWh/yr) – % saving Ref Case 9.696 CHeSS Basic 8% 6% 7% 9% 8% 8% 7% CHeSS Best 12% 11% 11% 13% 12% 12% 11% Cost saving (£/yr) CHeSS Basic 23 28 27 30 34 38 44 CHeSS Best 35 47 44 44 52 58 71 Dwelling type Flat Detached bungalow Semi-det.4 68.2 55.064 18.2 77.9 42.7 53.4 58.1 69.9 66.5 72. The benefits of domestic oil wet central heating systems that meet the CHeSS specifications Oil heated dwelling with solid walls and a regular boiler SAP Ref Case 63 47 50 61 50 48 40 CHeSS Basic 66 51 54 65 54 53 44 CHeSS Best 68 53 56 66 56 55 46 Environmental impact (CO2) rating Ref Case 52 37 40 50 40 39 32 CHeSS Basic 56 40 44 55 44 43 35 CHeSS Best 58 42 46 57 46 45 37 DER (kgCO2/m2/yr) Ref Case 63.5 57.8 57.5 50.400 31. bungalow Mid-terraced End terraced Semi-detached Detached Central heating system specifications (CHeSS) Year 2008 13 .072 21.8 CHeSS Basic 57.4 82.6 44.4 Energy (kWh/yr) – % saving Ref Case 12.889 13.0 CHeSS Best 42.285 18.1 77.2 86.2 36.153 CHeSS Basic 12% 11% 11% 13% 12% 12% 11% CHeSS Best 17% 15% 16% 18% 17% 16% 15% Cost saving (£/yr) CHeSS Basic 27 35 34 34 36 41 46 CHeSS Best 37 49 46 45 49 55 64 Dwelling type Flat Detached bungalow Semi-det.257 20.6 54.7 75.7.5 38.4 74.4 62.6 53.708 20.2 50.0 60.2 43. bungalow Mid-terraced End terraced Semi-detached Detached Oil heated dwelling with filled cavity walls and a combi boiler SAP Ref Case 72 62 64 72 67 65 61 CHeSS Basic 74 65 67 74 70 68 64 CHeSS Best 75 66 68 75 71 70 66 Environmental impact (CO2) rating Ref Case 63 51 53 64 58 56 51 CHeSS Basic 66 54 56 67 62 59 55 CHeSS Best 67 56 58 68 63 61 57 DER (kgCO2/m2/yr) Ref Case 48.463 13.5 65.742 23.9 84.6 57.7 74.4 82.6 76.854 14.111 15.062 23.5 CHeSS Basic 44.2 65.6 38.8 75.010 CHeSS Basic 11% 8% 9% 11% 9% 9% 8% CHeSS Best 15% 13% 13% 15% 14% 13% 12% Cost saving (£/yr) CHeSS Basic 31 37 36 39 42 46 52 CHeSS Best 43 56 53 54 62 68 81 Dwelling type Flat Detached bungalow Semi-det.5 83.5 51.9 45.9 43.3 37.581 13.

See www.uk [12] BS EN 12828. Heating systems in buildings – Method for calculation of the deisgn heat load.energysavingtrust. See http://projects.gov. CIBSE. 2006 Edition.3.com [18] BS EN 14336.org.sbsa. See www. 2007. Code of Practice for Treatment of water in domestic hot water central heating systems.bsi-global.uk Section 6: Energy.bsi-global.com [13] BS 7671.8. Copper indirect cylinders for domestic purposes.Radio equipment to be used in the 25 MHz to 1000 MHz frequency range with power levels ranging up to 500mW.com [14] BS 7593:2006.uk Domestic heating by gas: boiler systems:guidance for installers and specifiers (CE30). 2008. Approved Documents L1A (New Dwellings) and L1B (Existing Dwellings). Domestic Technical Handbook.org.bsi-global.centralheating.uk [17] BS EN 12831.dfpni.communities. See www.bre. Scottish Building Standards Agency. See www. Guidance on achieving the standards set in the Building (Scotland) Regulations 2004. First Edition. Heating Systems in Buildings – Design for water based systems.org [16] Domestic Heating Compliance Guide.com [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] Benchmark Code of Practice for the Installation.gov. 2) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2006. See www. Heating systems in buildings – Installation and commissioning of water based heating systems.energysavingtrust.communities. (Compliance with Approved Documents L1A: New Dwellings and L1B: Existing Dwellings).etsi.gov. See www. See www. Conservation of fuel and power in dwellings. Commissioning and Servicing of Central Heating Systems.co.hotwater. See www. Conservation of fuel and power (2006). See www. See www. Specification for indirectly heated unvented hot water storage water heaters. Technical booklet F1. See www. References [1] The Building Regulations 2000. 2008.bsi-global.bsi-global.com BS EN 12897:2006.co.uk/housing Domestic Heating Design Guide. See www.com [15] European Standard (Telecommunications series) ETSI EN 300 220-1 v1. Requirements for electrical installations.uk/sap2005 BS 1566:2002.cibse. See www. 2005 Edition. See www. Part 1: Technical characteristics and test methods.uk/housing Domestic heating by oil: boiler systems:guidance for installers and specifiers (CE29).uk [11] The Building (Amendment No.com Hot Water Association Performance Specification for Thermal Stores.org The Government’s Standard Assessment Procedure for Energy Rating of Dwellings.org. See www. See www. IEE Wiring Regulations.bsi-global.gov.bsi-global. Short Range Devices (SRD). See www.uk 14 Central heating system specifications (CHeSS) Year 2008 .1 (2000-09): Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM).

Revised June 2008. damage or other liability resulting from such use. Anyone using this publication (including any drawings forming part of it) must make their own assessment of the suitability of its content (whether for their own purposes or those of any client or customer). . All technical information was produced by BRE on behalf of the Energy Saving Trust. and the Energy Saving Trust cannot accept responsibility for any loss.energysavingtrust. E&OE This publication (including any drawings forming part of it) is intended for general guidance only and not as a substitute for the application of professional expertise.org.uk www.CE51 Energy Saving Trust 21 Dartmouth Street London SW1H 9BP Helpline 0845 120 7799 Fax 0845 120 7789 bestpractice@est.uk/housing CE51 © Energy Saving Trust 2005.org.