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Oceanography – Module #1 Test (1 Hr

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Name: __________________________________________ This test was taken within the allotted time and without any outside help, such as the textbook, notes, or a classmate. _________________________________________ (Parent Signature)

1. Which of the following is not one of the major ocean basins: a. b. c. d. e. Arctic Pacific Antarctic Atlantic Indian

2. How do Geologists explain the differences between the continents and the oceans is caused by: a. the oceans are covered by water and the continents are not b. the chemical differences between rocks on the continents and the rocks under the ocean c. the oceans are deeper than the continents d. the oceans are exposed to salt water while the continents are exposed to fresh water 3. Which of the following is true regarding oceanic crust? a. b. c. d. e. f. g. It is composed of basalt, which is solidified lava. It is denser than continental crust. It is dark in color. It is thinner than continental crust. All of the above Just a and c Just b and d

continental shelf. in what order would you encounter the following regions? a. b. 7. Continental shelf. abyssal plain. continental shelf b.4. abyssal plain c. continental rise. f. Continental shelf. Continental rise. c. When two plates collide and one is forced down into the mantle it is called _____________________________ . continental slope. 8. e. abyssal plain d. abyssal plain. continental rise. mid-ocean ridge trench subduction induction Both a and b None of the above. If you were to stand on the beach and walk along the ocean bottom to the middle of the ocean. continental slope. Describe sea floor spreading and how it contributes to the formation of new sea floor. continental slope. 6. continental rise. d. . The slow drift of the continents is caused by __________________________ ______________________ . Continental slope. A geologic structure that forms at the location where plates meet is called: a. 5.

11. c. temperature differences and coriolis effect. d.9. The polar nature of water--that one side of a water molecule has a slight positive charge. b. Pick one of the behaviors of water that results from its polar nature and explain how it contributes to the habitats we will be studying in marine biology. What two major factors are responsible for the overall wind patterns that cause the ocean currents? a. d. Surface tension b. d. That it dissolves salt 10. c. That water is colorless e. That water takes a lot of energy to raise the temperature (high specific heat) f. a. b. c. Which of the following behaviors is not explained by the polar nature of the water molecule? a. while the other has a slight negative charge--is responsible for all but one of the following behaviors. b. The decrease of the density of water when it freezes c. a. The relatively high boiling point of water g. What causes the water to become more dense? increasing temperature and salinity increasing temperature and decreasing salinity decreasing temperature and increasing salinity decreasing temperature and salinity 12. Hydrogen bonding d. temperature differences and tides coriolis effect and tides temperature differences and salinity differences .

even though they are roughly the same latitude.13. Large. During full moon and new moon. it results in a spring tide. Explain why the temperature of the water off the coast of North Carolina is significantly warmer than the temperature of the water off the coast of Portugal. mostly circular systems of surface currents driven by the wind are called ______________________________ . when sun. 14. . it results in a spring tide. the moon and the earth. The temperature of the water. b. When spring tide happens on one side of the ocean. d. When it begins to get warmer. a neap tide happens on the other. 16. The time of year . moon and earth are aligned. Where on the planet you are located. 15. The relative position of the sun. The transitional layer between the warmer water near the surface of the ocean and the colder water deeper in the ocean is called the _____________________ . What causes the difference between a spring tide and a neap tide? a.a spring tide happens in the spring while the neap tide is other times. c.