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PRESENT SIMPLE

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PRESENT CONTINUOUS WILL

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PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

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GOING TO

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PAST SIMPLE

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PAST CONTINUOUS

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PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

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PAST PERFECT SIMPLE

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FUTURE CONTINUOUS

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FUTURE PERFECT

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THE PASSIVE

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CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

Present Simple

- Habits or regular activities - Facts or things that are always true - A future, timetabled event

AFFIRMATIVE

I/you/we/they He/she/it I/you/we/they He/she/it Do Does

infinitive infinitive(s) don’t doesn’t

NEGATIVE

infinitive

QUESTION

I/you/we/they He/she/it

infinitive

Present Continuous
I AFFIRMATIVE he/she/it ‘m ‘s

- Things that are in progress now - Temporary situations - Future arrangements

infinitive(ing)

you/we/they
I NEGATIVE he/she/it you/we/they

‘re
‘m not isn’t aren’t infinitive(ing)

Am QUESTION Is
Are

I he/she/it
you/we/they

infinitive(ing)?

Will

- Decisions at the moment of speaking - General predictions - Things that are certain to happen

AFFIRMATIVE

I/he/she/it/we/you/they

‘ll

infinitive

NEGATIVE

I/he/she/it/we/you/they

won’t

infinitive

QUESTION

Will

I/he/she/it/we/you/they

infinitive?

Going to
I AFFIRMATIVE

- Future intentions or plans when a decision has already been made - Predictions when there is some evidence you can see now
‘m ‘s ‘re going to infinitive

he/she/it you/we/they

I NEGATIVE he/she/it you/we/they Am QUESTION Is Are I

‘m not isn’t aren’t going to infinitive

he/she/it you/we/they

going to

infinitive?

Past Simple

- Completed events or actions in the past - Something that happened regularly in the past

AFFIRMATIVE

I/he/she/it/we/you/they

past

NEGATIVE

I/he/she/it/we/you/they

didn’t infinitive

QUESTION

did

I/he/she/it/we/you/they

infinitive?

Past Continuous
I AFFIRMATIVE he/she/it

- Something that was in progress at a certain time in the past - An interrupted action in the past - We often use the past continuous after while or as was was infinitive(ing)

you/we/they
I NEGATIVE he/she/it you/we/they

were
wasn’t wasn’t weren’t infinitive(ing)

was QUESTION was
were

I he/she/it
you/we/they

infinitive(ing)?

Present Perfect Simple
I AFFIRMATIVE he/she/it

-

Something that started in the past and continues in the present Life experiences when we don’t say when they happened Something that happened in the past that has a result in the present

‘ve ‘s participle

you/we/they
I NEGATIVE he/she/it you/we/they

‘ve
haven’t hasn’t haven’t participle

Have QUESTION Has
Have

I he/she/it
you/we/they

participle?

Present Perfect Continuous
I AFFIRMATIVE he/she/it you/we/they I NEGATIVE he/she/it you/we/they Have QUESTION Has Have I he/she/it

- Actions which began in the past and continue in the present - Past activities that have a result in the present

‘ve ‘s ‘ve been infinitive(ing)

haven’t hasn’t haven’t been infinitive(ing)

been

infinitive(ing)?

you/we/they

Past Perfect Simple

- Past actions or situation which happened before another past action or situation - Events before a specific time in the past

AFFIRMATIVE

I/he/she/it/we/you/they

‘d

participle

NEGATIVE

I/he/she/it/we/you/they

hadn’t

participle

QUESTION

had

I/he/she/it/we/you/they

participle?

Future Continuous

- We use the future continuous to talk about something in progress at a certain time in the future

AFFIRMATIVE

I/he/she/it/we/you/they

‘ll be

infinitive(ing)

NEGATIVE

I/he/she/it/we/you/they

won’t

be

infinitive(ing)

QUESTION

will

I/he/she/it/we/you/they

be

infinitive(ing)?

Future Perfect

- We use the future perfect to talk about something that will be complete by a certain time in the future

AFFIRMATIVE

I/he/she/it/we/you/they

‘ll have

participle

NEGATIVE

I/he/she/it/we/you/they

won’t

have

participle

QUESTION

will

I/he/she/it/we/you/they

have

participle?

The Passive

- Correct tense of to be + past participle

Conditional Sentences