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Wire Ampacity

Wire Ampacity and Calculations according to the 2005 NEC

Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley

Wire Ampacity

Ampacity.

The Current in amperes, that a conductor can carry continuously under the conditions of use without exceeding its temperature rating

Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley

Wire Ampacity

310.10 Temp. Limitations of Conductors

No conductor shall be used in such a manner that its operating temperature will exceed that designated for the type of insulated conductor involved.

FPN talks about ‘Serious Degradation’.

Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley

Wire Ampacity Insulation is Hard. brown. and brittle Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .

NMS 90º for DERATING Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .Wire Ampacity Romex – NM. NMC.

14 Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .Wire Ampacity NEC 2005 Article 110.

Wire Ampacity Table 310.16 Parameters • Not more than 3 current-carrying conductors • Ambient temperature not exceeding 30° Centigrade or 86° Farenheight Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .

Wire Ampacity 6 350 240.5 Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .

Wire Ampacity T. 310.16 Corrections • Ambient Temperature – Above 30° C – Below 30 ° C • Number of Conductors – More than 3 current carrying conductors Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .

Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .Wire Ampacity Neutral Conductor • Grounded Conductor – Carries unbalanced load – Is not counted if it only carries the unbalanced load. – Must be counted as a current carrying conductor if load consists of flourescent lighting or other harmonic loads.

14 (c) (1). • Ambient Temperature • Number of Conductors Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley . & (2) • Temperature Limitations of Conductors – #14 thru #1 or 100 amps or less • Shall use the ampacity from the 60 ° C Column – Larger than #1 or over 100 amps • Shall use the ampacity from the 75 ° C Column – The 90 ° C ampacity can be used for corrections only.Wire Ampacity 110.

6 110.14 Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .16 240.Wire Ampacity T.310.

Wire Ampacity T.310.14 Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .6 110.16 240.

14 Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .Wire Ampacity 95 Amps T.6 110.16 240.310.

310.14 Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .6 110.16 240.Wire Ampacity T.

Step 2.16 240.310.6 110. Step 1.Wire Ampacity Ampacity Calculations #1 What is the Maximum allowed ampacity for a single #2 THHN Conductor installed in a circuit. 110-14(c) (#14 thru #1) Table 310-16 (60°C Column) Read Ampacity 95 Amps T. Step 3.14 Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .

Table 310-16 (90°C Column) Read Ampacity 130 Amps T. Step 3.310.Wire Ampacity Ampacity Calculations #1 What is the Maximum allowed ampacity for a single #2 THHN Conductor not installed in a circuit.6 110. Step 1.16 240.14 Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .

Step 1.6 110.16 240. 110-14(c) (Larger than #1) Table 310-16 (75°C Column) Read Ampacity 380 Amps T.Wire Ampacity Ampacity Calculations #2 What is the Maximum allowed ampacity for a single # 500 MCM THHN Conductor installed in a circuit with both 75° and 90° lugs. Step 2.310.14 Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley . Step 3.

310.71 Corr Factor = 305. Look at 75°C column (Cannot exceed 380A) 305 Amps T.6 110.16 240. 430 Amps X .14 Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley . 110-14(c) (Larger than #1) Step 2. Table 310-16 (90°C Column) Step 3.Wire Ampacity Ampacity Calculations #3 What is the Maximum allowed ampacity for a single # 500 MCM THHN Conductor in a 56°C environment and terminated ? Step 1.3 Amps Step 4.

9 Amps X .16 240.) = 61 Amps T.14 Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley . Table 310-16 (75°C Column) (THW insulation) Step 3.9 A 60.Wire Ampacity Ampacity Calculations #4 What is the Maximum allowed ampacity for a six # 4/0 MCM THW Conductors in a 143°F environment ? Step 1. 110-14(c) (Larger than #1) Step 2. 75. 230 Amps X .33 (T) = 75.310.6 110.72 Amps Step 4.80 (# Cond.

Wire Ampacity Ampacity Calculations #5 What is the minimum size THHN conductor required for the branch circuit conductors for a circuit of 120 volts. with a 10. located in a 65° C environment with 3 ungrounded conductors. 1 grounded conductor. and 1 grounding conductor in conduit.14 Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .000 watt load operating for 3.5 hours .6 110. connected to 75° C terminations and devices ? Existing load is fluorescent lighting T.16 240.310.

connected to 75° C terminations and devices ? Existing load is fluorescent lighting T. with a 10. 1 grounded conductor.000 watt load operating for 3.14 Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .310.16 240.6 110.5 hours .Wire Ampacity Keywords in question What is the minimum size THHN conductor required for the branch circuit conductors for a circuit of 120 volts. located in a 65° C environment with 3 ungrounded conductors. and 1 grounding conductor in conduit.

80 X .Wire Ampacity Solution to Question #5 Step 1: Get Current = watts / volts = 10.310-16 = .6 110.80 (4-6 conductors) T.310.3 amps Step 2: Continuous = 125% = 83.58 (65 degrees C. 90 C Column) Step 4: Get Wire Ampacity = 104.58 = .407 amps T.310-15(b)(2)(a) = .16 Minimum Ampacity Required 240.464 T.000/120 = 83.14 Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .3 X 125% = 104.125 Amps Definition of Continuous and Article 210-19 Step 3: Get Multiplier = .464 = 224.125 / #4/0 THHN .

Wire Ampacity Ampacity Test Questions 10 Questions 30 Minutes Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .

4.310.6 110.310.16 50 X .16 240. 2. 3.78 A 25 X .75 = 18. 310.17 18.45 X .15(b)(2) Exp. #3 Tbl.310.82 = 41 A T.78 A No Derating Chap9N3-4 310.Wire Ampacity Ampacity Test Answers 1.13 9.14 Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .75 T.16 & T. 1. (c) (b) (b) (d) 25 X .310. (d) T.75 A 41 A 5.87 = 9. Note #4 265 A T.

310.82 = 287 A (Al T.16 (Al with .16 (Aluminum 60°C) T.8 far column (aluminum) T.17) T. 10.332 350 X . 310.8 column 8 T.58 corr) T. 8. 7.Wire Ampacity Ampacity Test Answers 6.14 Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .310.6 110.0126 . 310. (a) (a) (b) (b) (d) 287 A 85 A 87 A 0. 9.16 240.

Wire Ampacity Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .

Wire Ampacity Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .

Wire Ampacity Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .

Wire Ampacity Copyright 1999-2007 Dan Dudley .