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EDITION A

US ARMY ENGINEER CENTER AND SCHOOL ESTIMATE MATERIALS FOR A WALL FORM

ESTIMATE MATERIALS FOR A WALL FORM Subcourse EN5154 EDITION A United States Army Engineer School Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri 65473 3 Credit Hours Edition Date: March 1996

SUBCOURSE OVERVIEW This subcourse teaches you the basic principles of estimating the amount of materials needed to construct a wall form for concrete. In this subcourse, you will be shown the principal formula used to compute the exact amount of materials needed to complete the wall form. Work must be accomplished in a manner consistent with environmental laws and regulations. There are no prerequisites for this subcourse. The lesson in this subcourse reflects the doctrine that was current at the time it was prepared. In your own work situation, aways refer to the latest publication. Unless otherwise stated, the masculine gender of singular pronoun is used to refer to both men and women. TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE: ACTION: CONDITION: STANDARD: You will identify procedures to determine the amount of material needed to construct a wall form. You will be given this subcourse and an Army Correspondence Course Program (ACCP) examination response answer sheet. To demonstrate competency of this task, you must attain a minimum score of 70 percent on the subcourse examination.

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EN5154

TABLE OF CONTENTS Section Page

Subcourse Overview .....................................................................................................................................i Lesson: Estimate Materials for a Wall Form .................................................................................1-1 Practice Exercise .............................................................................................................1-21 Answer Key and Feedback .............................................................................................1-24

Appendix A - List of Common Acronyms .............................................................................................A-1 Appendix B - Recommended Reading List .............................................................................................B-1

EN5154

ii

You will be given the material contained this lesson. FM 5-742. the number of studs. and STP 5-12B24-SM-TG. you will learn to estimate material for each of the five components needed to construct a wall form for concrete. 1-1 EN5154 . studs. CONDITION: STANDARD: REFERENCES: INTRODUCTION One of the basic skills in carpentry is the ability to estimate the amount of materials needed to construct a wall form for concrete. and tie wire. the number of wales. you will be shown how to compute the amount of material needed to build this structure. In this lesson. FM 5-426. TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE: ACTION: You will complete a material estimation for sheathing. You will compute the amount of material needed to construct a wall form for concrete. STP 5-12B1-SM. the amount of bracing. wales. You will correctly answer practice exercise questions at the end of this lesson. and the amount of tie wire. You will estimate the amount of sheathing.LESSON ESTIMATE MATERIALS FOR A WALL FORM Critical Task: 051-199-4014 OVERVIEW LESSON DESCRIPTION: In this lesson. The material contained in this lesson was derived from the following publications: FM 5-34. A carpenter must be able to determine the amount of materials needed to ensure that enough materials are on hand to complete the project. bracing.

1-1. 4 feet wide. EN5154 1-2 . and 10 feet high using 1-by-4 cut-board sheathing. Use the following formulas to determine how much material you need to build a form: FORMULA (Cut-board): EXAMPLE: Determine the amount of sheathing that is required for a form 35 feet long. The types of sheathing addressed in this section are cut board and plywood. Estimate the Amount of Sheathing.

ANSWER: FORMULA (Plywood): NOTE: Carry all division out two decimal places. therefore. it must be rounded up to the next whole number. 1-3 EN5154 . The final answer cannot contain decimals or fractions. do not round off before obtaining the answer.

EXAMPLE 2: Determine the amount of sheathing required for a form that is 50 feet long. 5 feet wide. and 8 feet high using 3/4-inch plywood sheathing. ANSWER: EN5154 1-4 .

1-2. and 12-ft lengths. Use the following formula to determine the quantity of studs based on the measurement of the structure. Estimate the Number of Studs. 10-. FORMULA: EXAMPLE: How many 8-foot studs are required for a form that is 8 feet high with 40 studs on one side and 4 studs on one end? ANSWER: 1-5 EN5154 . Choose the most economical size for the job. Materials for studs are available in 8-.

Use the following formula to determine the number of wales needed: FORMULA: EXAMPLE: Determine the number of wales that are needed for a form 40 feet long and 8 feet wide. using 8-foot lumber and 8 wales on each side. Estimate the Number of Wales. ANSWER: EN5154 1-6 .1-3.

1-4. The amount of bracing required for a form may vary from a few stakes driven into the ground to a very elaborate scaffold bracing system. Estimate the Amount of Bracing. Some general guidelines are: forms over 8 feet high should have scaffold-type bracing. should be used if ends are less than 15 feet in width. When computing the amount of bracing it is easier to work in nine small steps. FORMULA 1 (includes steps 1-9): 1-7 EN5154 . and Table 1-1. braces should be placed approximately 5 feet apart on the sides and ends. page 1-9.

with 5-foot horizontal and vertical braces. it must be rounded up to the next whole number. It is better to move the last two braces in and overbrace than to underbrace. therefore. EXAMPLE 1 (for short forms 8 feet and under): Determine the amount of bracing required for a form that is 35 feet long.NOTE: The final answer cannot contain decimals or fractions. and a 2-foot brace stake. 3 feet wide. EN5154 1-8 . and 7 feet high. an 8-foot diagonal brace.

Table 1-1. Number of braces on each end 1-9 EN5154 .

Scaffold-type bracing EN5154 1-10 .Figure 1-1.

ANSWER 1: Figure 1-2. Brace 1-11 EN5154 .

EN5154 1-12 . and a 3-foot brace stake. 4 feet wide. with 5-foot vertical and horizontal braces.EXAMPLE 2 (for tall forms 13 to 18 feet): Determine the amount of bracing required for a form that is 50 feet long. 8-foot diagonal braces. and 16 feet high.

ANSWER 2: Figure 1-3. Brace sketch 1-13 EN5154 .

EN5154 1-14 .

shows the wire installation. page 1-17. Estimate the Amount of Tie Wire. using the three formulas below. FORMULA 1: 1-15 EN5154 . Figure 1-4.1-5. The final step in determining the materials required in form design is to estimate the amount of tie wire required.

it must be rounded up to the next whole number. and 3 feet wide. EN5154 1-16 . FORMULA 2: FORMULA 3: NOTE: The final answer cannot contain decimals or fractions. 1-inch sheathing. and 6 wales on each side. with 2-by-4 studs and wales. tie-wire spacing of 28 inches. 12 feet high. therefore.EXAMPLE 1: Determine the amount of tie wire required for a form that is 20 feet long.

Tie-wire installation 1-17 EN5154 .Figure 1-4.

ANSWER 1: ANSWER 2: EN5154 1-18 .

ANSWER 3: 1-19 EN5154 .

THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK EN5154 1-20 .

determine the amount of plywood sheathing required. There is only one correct answer to each item. check your answer with the answer key that follows. B. 2.050 2. D. D. how many 8-foot studs are required for a form 8 feet high? A. study again that part of the lesson which contains the portion involved. and a height of 8 feet. a width of 3 feet. a width of 5 feet. C. Determine the amount of 1-by-4 cut-board sheathing in linear feet that is required for a form.060 2. B. and a height of 12 feet.074 2. 2. If you answer any question incorrectly.PRACTICE EXERCISE The following items will test your grasp of the material covered in this lesson. B. 82 84 86 88 1-21 EN5154 . When you complete the exercise. A. 22 23 24 25 3. with a length of 33 feet. 1. C. C.094 With a form length of 24 feet. A. D. If you are given 34 studs for one side and 5 for each end.

C. D. C.479 1. How many 12-foot studs are required for a form 12 feet high if 22 studs are used on one side and 6 on one end? A. horizontal and vertical braces 5 feet long and a brace stake 2 feet long. 1. D. B. B. A. 60 62 63 65 5.483 1.518 EN5154 1-22 . 34 36 38 40 6. C. and 3 feet wide. if you use 8-foot lumber and 5 wales on each side. 8 feet high.503 1. B. 75 80 83 85 7. Estimate the amount of bracing required in linear feet for a form that is 45 feet long. 12 feet high. 12 feet high. and 10 feet wide.4. with diagonal braces 8 feet long. B. D. how many wales are needed using 12-foot lumber and 3 wales on each end? A. C. A. If you have a form 33 feet long. D. and 5 feet wide. Determine how many wales are needed for a form 24 feet long.

1-inch sheathing. in feet. C.770 1-23 EN5154 .765 5. in feet? A. and a brace stake 3 feet long. 12 feet high. If you are given a form that is 33 feet long. a tie-wire spacing of 10 inches. 5. 5. 8 feet high. B. with 4-by-4 studs and wales. B. 18 feet high. and 3 feet wide.360 5. B. C.720 5.760 5.110 1. with 2-by-4 studs and wales. and 2 feet wide. D. A. 1. if you are given a form that is 45 feet long.134 10. and 10 feet wide. a tie-wire spacing of 12 inches. D. Estimate the amount of bracing required for a form in linear feet that is 100 feet long. D. diagonal braces 8 feet long. What amount of tie wire is required.380 5. and 4 wales on each side? A. and 3 wales on each side. C.127 1.393 9.122 1. how much tie wire is required.8. 3/4-inch sheathing. with vertical and horizontal braces 5 feet long.373 5.

. .373 linear feet . A EN5154 1-24 . . (page 1-6) 80 8-foot wales . (page 1-7) 5. . (page 1-5) 40 12-foot wales . (page 1-15) 10. .074 . . . (page 1-5) 62 12-foot studs . 7. . . (page 1-7) 1. 5. C C C B D B A B B Correct Answer and Feedback 2.479 linear feet . . (page 1-2) 24 sheets . . (page 1-3) 86 8-foot studs . 9.PRACTICE EXERCISE ANSWER KEY AND FEEDBACK Item 1.720 feet of tie wire . . . . (page 1-15) 5. 4. . . 2. .122 feet of tie wire . . . . . 3. . . 6. (page 1-6) 1. . 8. . . . . . .

US Army Engineer course - Estimate Materials for a Wall Form

US Army Engineer course - Estimate Materials for a Wall Form

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