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EDITION A

DESIGN FORMS FOR AN OVERHEAD CONCRETE SLAB

DESIGN FORMS FOR THE OVERHEAD CONCRETE SLAB Subcourse EN5153 EDITION A United States Army Engineer School Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri 65473 2 Credit Hours Edition Date: August 1995 SUBCOURSE OVERVIEW This subcourse addresses the principles of designing forms for an overhead concrete slab. As an engineer carpenter, you must understand the basic principles concerning the design of overhead concrete slabs that will support the weight of concrete placed in/on them. There are no prerequisites for this subcourse. The lesson in this subcourse reflects the doctrine which was current at the time it was prepared. In your own work situation, always refer to the latest official publications. Unless otherwise stated, the masculine gender of singular pronouns is used to refer to both men and women. TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE: ACTION: CONDITION: STANDARD: You will describe procedures to design wooden forms for an overhead concrete slab. You will be given the material contained in this subcourse. To demonstrate competency of this task you must achieve a minimum of 70 percent on the subcourse examination.

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EN5153

.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................1-1 Part A: Select Proper Materials...........................TABLE OF CONTENTS Section Page Subcourse Overview.......... i Grading and Certification Instructions........................................... 1-6 Part D: Determine the Uniform Load on a Joist...1-15 Answer Key and Feedback........................................................................................................................................................................1-12 Part G: Determine the Maximum Shore Spacing................................................ iii Lesson: Design Forms for the Overhead Concrete Slab...............................1-9 Part E: Determine the Maximum Stringer Spacing.............................................................. 1-18 Appendix A: List of Common Acronyms.........................................................A-1 Appendix B: Recommended Reading List.......................................................................B-1 Student Inquiry Sheet EN5153 ii ............................................................................................... 1-10 Part F: Determine the Uniform Load on the Stringer............................................................................................ 1-13 Practice Exercise.................................................................................................................. 1-2 Part B: Determine the Total Unit Load on the Floor Form............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1-4 Part C: Determine the Maximum Joist Spacing..........................

Complete the lesson and the practical exercise. TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE: ACTION: CONDITION: STANDARD: REFERENCES: You will describe procedures to design wooden forms for an overhead concrete slab. INTRODUCTION As a carpenter. you will learn to design forms for an overhead concrete slab. one of your concerns is to ensure that the forms you design will support the weight of concrete placed in or on them. The material contained in this lesson was derived from Field Manuals (FMs) 5-34. 5-426. and 5-742. You will be given subcourse booklet EN5153. 1-1 EN5153 .LESSON DESIGN FORMS FOR AN OVERHEAD CONCRETE SLAB Critical Task: 051-199-4014 OVERVIEW LESSON DESCRIPTION: In this lesson. This lesson shows you how to properly design these forms. Soldier Training Publications (STPs) 5-12B24-SM-TG. and 5-51B12-SM-TG.

Stringer. or 4. Cross or "X" bracing of some type will always be required to support the formwork materials. A shore is a piece of lumber at least as great in size as the stringer. When possible use material at least 2 inches thick. Joists support the sheathing to prevent movement.by 4-inch. 2. Sheathing is the first covering of boards or of waterproof materials on the outside wall of a frame structure or on a timber roof.by 4-inch lumber.by 4-inch material. Sheathing. When possible use 1. Sheathing shapes and holds the concrete. but never smaller than 4.PART A: SELECT PROPER MATERIALS You will need to specify the materials you use for constructing the overhead roof slab when designing forms.by 6inch. Lateral bracing may be required between adjacent shores to keep shores from bending under the load.by 4.or 3/4inch plywood. A stringer is a long horizontal timber connecting uprights in a frame or supporting a floor. EN5153 1-2 . Lateral Bracing. Plywood or solid sheet metal is the best choice of material to use. Shore.or 1. it also supports the concrete at the desired elevation above ground. When possible.by 6-inches or larger material for bracing material. The materials to be used are normally 1. Joist. Stringers support the joists and prevent movement. Use lumber at least as large as the stringer. Anyone using your design must know exactly which materials to use for each of the structural members as shown in Figure 1-1. A shore performs the same function as ties perform in a wall form. use 2. A joist is any small timber or metal beam that is ranged parallel from wall to wall in a structure to support a floor or ceiling.by 6-inch boards and 5/8. It is used to support or brace the stringer.

Elements of supported slab formwork 1-3 EN5153 .Figure 1-1.

if you use powered concrete buggies. the LL would be 75 psf. use this formula: TL = DL + LL EXAMPLE: Determine the TL on the form if the slab thickness is 5 inches and you are using nonpowered equipment. use this formula: Live Load (LL). To determine DL. Now that you know how to determine DL and LL it is time to determine TL. Dead load (DL). You must also consider an additional live load of construction workers and materials. However. To determine TL. TL is measured in pounds per square feet (psf). This LL is generally 50 psf.42) + 50 TL = 63 + 50 TL = 113 psf EN5153 1-4 . TL = DL + LL TL = (150 x 0. Dead load is the weight of ordinary concrete and is estimated at 150 pounds per cubic foot (lb/cu ft).PART B: DETERMINE THE TOTAL UNIT LOAD ON THE FLOOR FORM You will need to understand the following terms and formulas to determine the total unit load on floor forms: Determine total unit load (TL) by summing the result for dead load and live load.

Work the following problem to see how well you understand the concepts you have just reviewed. 125 D. A. 50 B. 1-5 EN5153 . PROBLEM-1: Determine the TL load on the form if the slab thickness is 4 inches and you are using a powered concrete buggy. 150 See page 1-14 for the solution to this problem. 75 C.

for example. for 138 psf use 150 psf. Move across the row to the column headed by the sheathing thickness.PART C: DETERMINE THE MAXIMUM JOIST SPACING Joist spacing depends on the type of sheathing used-boards or plywood. Joist spacing. The intersecting number is the maximum joist spacing. Table 1-1. round up the load to the next value on the table. If the value is not listed. Be sure to use the correct one. like stud spacing. EN5153 1-6 . NOTE: All plywood sheathing problems and practice exercises will be using the Strong Way column in Table 1-2. Maximum stud or joist spacing for support of board sheathing To find the maximum joist space using Table 1-1 or 1-2 Find the TL in the left column. is found by using either Table 1-1 for board sheathing or Table 1-2 for plywood sheathing.

Table 1-2. 19 inches 1-7 EN5153 . Maximum stud or joist spacing for support of plywood sheathing EXAMPLE: Determine the maximum joist spacing if the TL is 150 psf and the plywood sheathing is 5/8-inch material.

22 C. PROBLEM-2: Determine the maximum joist spacing if the sheathing is 3/4-inch plywood and the TL is 125 psf. EN5153 1-8 . 24 See page 1-14 for the solution to this problem. 20 B. 23 D.Work this problem to see how well you understand the concept you have just reviewed. A.

410 B. 426 See page 1-14 for the solution to this problem. use this formula and the procedures following: Use the actual TL. 414 C. EXAMPLE: Determine the uniform load on the joist if the TL is 133 psf and the maximum joist spacing is 28 inches. not the rounded up figure. 424 D. To determine uniform load on a joist. 1-9 EN5153 . to obtain the maximum joist spacing. PROBLEM-3: Determine the uniform load on the joist if the TL is 113 and the joist spacing is 44 inches. Divide before multiplying. A. The unit of measurement is pounds per linear foot (lb/lin ft). Work this problem to see how well you understand this concept you just reviewed. Round up your answer to the next whole number.PART D: DETERMINE THE UNIFORM LOAD ON A JOIST The uniform load on a joist is calculated the same way as the uniform load on structural members in wall-form designs.

use 125. The intersecting number is the maximum spacing of the stringers. Maximum safe spacing of supporting members (wales. round up the load to the next value on the table.by 4-inch and larger shores) EN5153 1-10 . use Table 1-3 and the following procedures: Find the uniform load on the joist in the left column. if the value is 113 lb/lin ft. Then locate the joist size that you will be using. ties stringers. for example. Table 1-3. If the value is not listed. 4. Move across the row to either the single or double-members section.PART E: DETERMINE THE MAXIMUM STRINGER SPACING To find the maximum stinger spacing.

A. 45 B. 1-11 EN5153 . 85 See page 1-14 for the solution to this problem.EXAMPLE: Determine the maximum spacing of single stringers if you use 4-by-4 joists and a uniform load of the joists of 200 lb/lin ft. 65 inches Work this problem to see how well you understand the concepts you have just reviewed. 49 C. 77 D. PROBLEM-4: Determine the maximum single-stringer spacing if the uniform load on the joist is 165 lb/lin ft and you are using 2-by-4 material.

A. 1.770 See page 1-14 for the solution to this problem. 1.680 D. use this formula: EXAMPLE: Determine the uniform load on the stringer if the TL is 350 and the maximum stringer spacing is 50 inches.540 C.250 B.PART F: DETERMINE THE UNIFORM LOAD ON THE STRINGER To determine uniform load on a stringer. 1. Work the following problem to see how well you understand the concept you just reviewed. 1. PROBLEM-5: Determine the uniform load on the stringer if the TL is 250 psf and the maximum stringer spacing is 85 inches. EN5153 1-12 .

48 inches Work the following problem to see how well you understand of the concept you just reviewed. round up the load to the next value on the table. use 125. If the value is not listed. if the value is 113 lb/lin ft.PART G: DETERMINE THE MAXIMUM SHORE SPACING The maximum shore spacing is based on the stringer strength. 1-13 EN5153 . and the procedures following: Find the uniform load on the stringer in the left column. EXAMPLE: Determine the maximum shore spacing if the uniform load on the stringers is 825 lb/lin ft and the single stringers are 4 by 6 inches. 56 D. To find the maximum shore spacing. for example. page 1-10. A. The intersecting number is the maximum spacing of the shores. PROBLEM-6: Determine the maximum shore spacing if the uniform load on the stringer is 720 lb/lin ft and the single stringers are 4 by 6 inches. depending on whether single stringers or double stringers will be used. Move across the row to the column headed by the stringer size. 80 See page 1-14 for the solution to this problem. 51 C. use Table 13. 48 B.

6. 1.LESSON PROBLEMS ANSWER KEY AND FEEDBACK Problem 1. 4. 2. 51 inches (page 1-13) EN5153 1-14 . 5. 45 inches (page 1-10) D.770 lb/lin ft (page 1-12) B. 414 lb/lin ft (page 1-9) A. 125 psf (page 1-4) C. 3. Correct Answer C. 23 psf (page 1-7) B.

39 D. 33 B. study again that part which contains the portion involved. check your answers with the key that follows. Determine the TL on the form. 41 EN5153 1-15 . 1. 50 B. A. in psf. A.PRACTICE EXERCISE The following items will test your knowledge of the material covered in this lesson. Circle your answer for each item on the practice exercise page. 37 C. If you answer any item incorrectly. Determine the maximum joist spacing if the sheathing thickness is 1 1/2-inch boards and the total unit load is 125 psf. 125 D. When you have completed the exercise. if it has a 6-inch-thick slab and you use nonpowered equipment. 150 2. 110 C.

Determine the uniform load on the joist if the total unit load is 150 psf and the joist spacing is 22 inches. A. 46 B. 330 4. 51 D.3. 68 EN5153 1-16 . Determine the maximum single-stringer spacing if the uniform load on the joist is 900 lb/lin ft and you are using 4-by-6 material. 275 D. A. 48 C. 150 B. 260 C.

37 B. 53 C. 660 D. A.5. 762 6. Determine the uniform load on the stringer if the TL is 125 psf and the maximum stringer spacing is 54 inches. 563 C. 125 B. Determine the maximum shore spacing if the uniform load on the stringer is 560 lb/lin ft and the double stringer are 4 by 4 inches. A. 71 1-17 EN5153 . 63 D.

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48 (page 1-10) B. 2. 53 (page 1-13) EN5153 1-18 . 275 (page 1-9) B. 5. 39 (page 1-6) C. 125 (page 1-4) C. 3. 563 (page 1-12) B. 4. Correct Answer C. 6.PRACTICE EXERCISE ANSWER KEY AND FEEDBACK Item 1.

US Army Engineer course - Design Forms for an Overhead Concrete Slab

US Army Engineer course - Design Forms for an Overhead Concrete Slab

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