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# Peraturan Pemarkahan Fizik 2

[Type text]

TOV 2013

1(a) 0.1 cm3 (b) volume (c) random error (d) 6.7 cm3

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2 (a) QR (b) Av. Speed = 17/ 160 = 0.106 m/s (c) Speed / m s-1 Laju /m s-1

60

140

## 1st M : horizontal line shown for first 60 s 2nd M : correct pattern

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3(a) W = 15 N (b) 0 (c) 1st Correct shape 2nd Correct direction of forces

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## Peraturan Pemarkahan Fizik 2

[Type text]

TOV 2013

4(a)(i) Pressure (ii) , P2 = 4(b) The cork will shoot up. The air pressure inside the bottle increases. 4(c) Yes. Pressure increase when the water change to vapour

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5(a) Pressure is force applied (normally) to a unit surface area (b) (i) Force in Diagram 5.2 is bigger (ii) Distance of spurting water in Diagram 5.1 is bigger (iii) Pressure in Diagram 5.2 is bigger (c) The bigger the pressure, the bigger the distance of spurting water (d) Water is incompressible (e)(i) The distance of spurting water is the same (ii) Pascal Principle

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6(a) The amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 kg mass of a substance by 1C. (b)(i) The temperature of the soup in the metal pot is higher (ii) Specific heat capacity of the metal pot is lower (iii) The lower the specific heat capacity, the higher the increase in temperature (iv) Atmospheric pressure (c) / 0C 1st any line started from / > 0 Metal pot Clay pot
2nd both lines correct as shown in the diagram

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5 (d) same

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## Peraturan Pemarkahan Fizik 2

[Type text]

TOV 2013

7(a) The product of mass and velocity (b) 0 (c)(i) Momentum of pistol =1.5 x 6 = 9 kg m s-1

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## (ii) 9 = 0.05 x v v = 180 ms-1 (ii)

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(d)(i)

high k / spring constant higher elastic potential energy smaller / lighter mass higher velocity // bigger displacement

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8(a)(i) 1st Two reflected rays are shown (diagram) 2nd Angle of incidence = Angle of reflection / i = r (diagram/both lines)

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(ii) Virtual // Upright// Same distance // Same size // Laterally inverted (Any two) (iii) Reflection (iv) No / The driver in car P cannot see car Q

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## Peraturan Pemarkahan Fizik 2

[Type text]

TOV 2013

(b)(i) Convex mirror (ii) 1st Two reflected rays are shown (diagram) 2nd Angle of incidence = Angle of reflection/ i = r (diagram)

## (iii) The convex mirror increase the field of view (c)

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1st : both line is correct 2nd : correct position of image and labeled

## Peraturan Pemarkahan Fizik 2

[Type text]

TOV 2013

Answer 9 (a) ability of an object to return to its original shape when the applied force is removed 9 (b)(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) The diameter of the spring in 9.1 is bigger The elastic potential energy gained by the spring in 9.1 is lower The maximum height achieved by the girl in 9.1 is lower The bigger the diameter of the spring, the higher the smaller the elastic potential energy (v) The higher the elastic potential energy of the spring, the higher the maximum height achieved by the girl 9(c)(i) spring Q to lower extension (ii)
F/N Q P

Marks 1

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X 1 any line with positive gradient started from origin. 2nd gradient Q > P
st

9(d)

transformation (i) Body fitting (ii) Light shoes / spiky (iii) Run faster (iv) (v) back soft// thick mattress

reason to reduce friction jump higher// run faster / better grip to gain more momentum// kinetic energy to reduce pressure to reduce impulsive force

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## Peraturan Pemarkahan Fizik 2

[Type text]

TOV 2013

10 (a)(i) Bernoullis Principle states that the pressure of a moving fluid decreases as the speed of the fluid increases, and vice versa (ii) Diameter of tube at P is smaller. The speed of air flow at P is higher. The height of coloured fluid at P is higher. The higher the speed of air, the higher the height of coloured liquid. The higher the speed of air, the lower its pressure (b) Explain the process correctly 1 The fan blows air out of the vents // 2 Produce a partial vacuum area in the vacuum cleaner // 3 Difference in pressure occurs /Atmospheric pressure is higher than the pressure inside the vacuum cleaner // 4 Force is exerted in / Pushed in the dirt // (c) transformation (i) The stronger materials (ii) Shape of cross section of wing is aerofoil (iii) Large area of wing (iv) Density of the wing material is low (v) High difference in speed of air Reason withstand high pressure To produce higher speed of air flow above the wing. To produce larger lift force It lighter//It can produce more upward force To produce higher difference in pressure

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## Peraturan Pemarkahan Fizik 2

[Type text]

TOV 2013

11. (a) Gravitational force acting on an object (b) Stone denser than water Stone displaced less volume of water/ Small buoyant force acting on an object Reading of spring balance decrease due to buoyant force acting on an object Reading = Real Weight buoyant force c)(i) m=

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= = 4.4 kg c)(ii) Fb = W apparent weight = 44 -36 N =8N c)(iii) Weight of water displaced = buoyant force Vg = 8N V = 8 x 10-4 m3 d) Characteristic Reason Density of material P- higher Lower the centre of gravity Increase stability Float vertically Diameter of bulb- bigger Displaced more volume of water Easy to float Float higher Length of hydrometer-Longer Can measure bigger range of density Increase accuracy Smallest scale smaller Material used-glass Does not react with acid Choose- U Reason Density of material P- higher Diameter of bulb- bigger Length of hydrometer-Longer Material used-glass TOTAL

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## Peraturan Pemarkahan Fizik 2

[Type text]

TOV 2013

12 Answer: a(i) The rate energy transfer equal the rate energy absorbed / no net heat transfer (ii) Hot air will move up / cool air move down (iii) Heat will be released at the back of the refrigerator It will increase the temperature in the room The freezer work hard to cool the room More heat will be released by cooling system b. 1. square form 2. increase the surface area / more heat released 3. large diameter 4. increase the surface area / more heat released 5. specific heat capacity is low 6. heat released faster 7. dark color 8. high conduction 9. Q is chosen 10. squared form, large diameter, low specific heat capacity, dark color c. (i) E = mc = 0.5 (4200) (60 - 30) = 63000 J (ii) E = 63000 J less than 30oC / any value less than 30 oC Heat loss to the surrounding is faster/aluminium is a good conductor of heat

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d.

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