Āqā kā Maĥīnaĥ

The Month of

My Prophet
This booklet was written by Shaykh-e-Tariqat Amīr-e-Aĥle-Sunnat, the founder of Dawat-e-Islami ‘Allāmaĥ Maulānā Abu Bilal Muhammad Ilyas Attar Qadiri Razavi ‫دَاﻣﺖ ﺑَـﺮﮐَﺎ ُﺗـﻬـﻢ  اﻟْـﻌَـﺎﻟِـﻴَﻪ‬ ْ ُ ُ َ ْ َ in Urdu. The Translation Majlis has translated this booklet into English. If you find any mistake in the translation or composing, please inform Translation Majlis on the following postal or email address with the intention of earning reward [Šawāb].

Translation Majlis (Dawat-e-Islami) Alami Madani Markaz, Faizan-e-Madina, Mahalla Saudagran, Old Sabzi Mandi, Baab-ul-Madina, Karachi, Pakistan Contact #: +92-21-34921389 to 91 translation@dawateislami.net

‫ﷺ‬

  

ٓ

َ ‫ا ُ َ َۡ ِو‬ َ

َ

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ٰ ۡ ٰ ٰ ٰۡ ۡ ۡ ۡ ۡ ‫ﻟـﺤـﻤـﺪ ﻟـﻠـﻪ رب ﻟـﻌـﻠـﻤ و ﻟـﺼـﻠـﻮة و ﻟـﺴـﻶﻹم ﻋـ ﺳـﻴـﺪ ﻟـﻤـﺮﺳـﻠـ‬ ٰ ۡ ۡ ‫ﻣـﺎﺑــﻌـﺪ ﻓـﺎﻋـﻮذ ﺑـﺎﻟـﻠٰـﻪ ﻣـﻦ ﻟـﺸـﻴـﻄﻦ ﻟـﺮﺟ ۡ ﺑـﺴﻢ ﻟـﻠٰـﻪ ﻟـﺮﺣـﻤﻦ ﻟـﺮﺣـ‬ ۡ ۡ ۡ ٰ ۡ ۡ

Du’a for Reading the Book

R

ead the following Du’ā (supplication) before studying a َّ َ َ ّ religious book or Islamic lesson, ‫ ,اِن  ﺷ ﺂءَاﻟـﻠـﻪ ﻋَﺰَوﺟﻞ‬you will َ ْ remember whatever you study:

ْ ٰ ْ ْ ْ‫اﻟـﻠـﻬـﻢ اﻓْـﺘـﺢ ﻋـﻠـﻴـﻨﺎ ﺣﻜﻤـﺘـﻚ واﻧْـﺸـﺮ‬ ْ ْ ْ ْ ْ ‫ﻋـﻠـﻴـﻨﺎ رﺣـﻤـﺘـﻚ ﻳـﺎ ذااﻟﺠــﻼل واﻻﻛـﺮام‬
Translation
َّ َ ّ َ Yā Allah ‫ !ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬Open the portal of knowledge and wisdom for us, َ and have mercy on us! O the One who is the most honourable and glorious!

(Al-Mustaṭraf, vol. 1, pp. 40)

Note: Recite Ṣalāt-‘Alan-Nabī once before and after the Du’ā.

Transliteration Chart
A/a A/a B/b P/p T/t Ṫ/ṫ Š/š J/j Ch Ḥ/ḥ Kh/kh D/d Ḋ/ḋ Ż/ż R/r Ř/ř Z/z X/x S/s Sh/sh Ṣ/ṣ Ḍ/ḍ Ṭ/ṭ Ẓ/ẓ ‘ Gh/gh F/f Q/q K/k G/g L/l M/m N/n V/v, W/w Ĥ/ĥ Y/y Y/y A/a U/u I/i Ū/ū Ī/ī Ā/ā

Table of Contents
The Month of My Prophet
Eminence of the Devoted Recitor of Ṣalāt-o-Salām ......................... 1 The Month of My Prophet Secrets of the 5 Letters of ‫َ ن‬
ۡ َ

....................................................... 2 [Sha’bān] ........................................ 3
ۡ َُۡ ُ ‫ر ِ َا‬ َ ............................. 3

Fervour of the Prophet’s Companions

Conduct of the Muslims Nowadays ................................................ 4 Ideal Month for Observing Nafl Fasts............................................. 5 People are Neglectful to it ............................................................... 5 Names of Those Who will Pass Away ............................................. 6 Prophet Used to Fast in Sha’bān Abundantly ............................ 6

Explanation of the Ḥadīš ................................................................ 6 Promotion of Fasts by Dawat-e-Islami ............................................ 7 Observing Fasts in Most of the Days of Sha’bān is Sunnah ............. 8 Holy Nights ................................................................................... 8 Critical Decisions ........................................................................... 9 Blessings for the Sinners but... ...................................................... 10
َ َۡ َ The Supplication of Sayyidunā Dāwūd ‫11 ............................ ِ ا م‬

The Deprived People .................................................................... 12
i

The Month of My Prophet

A Letter of Imām-e-Aĥl-e-Sunnat Towards All Muslims ............... 13 Fast on the 15th of Sha’bān ........................................................... 15 A Rewarding Opportunity ............................................................ 16 The Green Slip of Paper ............................................................... 16 Six Nawāfil after Ṣalāt-ul-Maghrib................................................ 17 Du’ā for Mid-Sha’bān................................................................... 18 Some Madanī Requests by Sag-e-Madīnaĥ.................................... 20 Security from Evil Spell/Black Magic Throughout the Year .......... 21 Shab-e-Barā-at and Visiting the Graves ......................................... 21 Who Invented Fireworks? ............................................................. 22 The Prevalent Fireworks Related to Shab-e-Barā-at are Harām ..... 23 The Permissible Form of Fireworks .............................................. 24 1. Inspiring Ijtimā’ of Shab-e-Barā-at ............................................ 25 2. Crazy for Films ......................................................................... 26 11 Madanī Pearls Regarding Visit to the Graveyard ...................... 28

ii

ٰ ۡ ٰ ٰۡ ۡ ۡ ۡ ۡ ‫ﻟـﺤـﻤـﺪ ﻟـﻠـﻪ رب ﻟـﻌـﻠـﻤ و ﻟـﺼـﻠـﻮة و ﻟـﺴـﻶﻹم ﻋـ ٰ ﺳـﻴـﺪ ﻟـﻤـﺮﺳـﻠـ‬ ٰ ۡ ۡ ‫ﻣـﺎﺑــﻌـﺪ ﻓـﺎﻋـﻮذ ﺑـﺎﻟـﻠٰـﻪ ﻣـﻦ ﻟـﺸـﻴـﻄﻦ ﻟـﺮﺟ ۡ ﺑـﺴﻢ ﻟـﻠٰـﻪ ﻟـﺮﺣـﻤﻦ ﻟـﺮﺣـ‬ ۡ ۡ ۡ ٰ ۡ ۡ

The Month of

My Prophet *
Eminence of the Devoted Recitor of Ṣalāt-o-Salām
Once Shaykh Abū Bakr Shiblī ‫ رﲪﺔ اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ‬came to visit Shaykh ٰ ِ ُ َْ َ ِ‫ ,رﲪﺔ  اﷲ‬a prominent Scholar of Abū Bakr bin Mujāĥid ‫َ ْ َ ُ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ‬ ٰ Baghdad. Shaykh Abū Bakr bin Mujāĥid ‫ رﲪَﺔ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ‬stood up ٰ ِ ُ ْ َ instantly, embraced him, kissed his forehead and made him sit by his side. The attendees asked Shaykh Abū Bakr bin Mujāĥid ‫ رﲪﺔ اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ‬humbly, ‘Until now, you and the people of Baghdad ٰ ِ ُ َْ َ had been calling him an insane, and today you are paying so much respect unto him!’ Shaykh Abū Bakr bin Mujāĥid ‫ رﲪﺔ اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ‬replied, ‘I haven’t paid ٰ ِ ُ َْ َ َّ َ َ ّ َ him respect without any basis. ‫ ا َﻟْـﺤﻤـﺪ ِ ﻟـﻠـﻪ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬Last night, I dreamt ُ ْ َ a faith reviving scene that Shaykh Abū Bakr Shiblī ‫رﲪﺔ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ‬ ٰ ِ ُ َْ َ
This speech was delivered by Amīr-e-Aĥl-e-Sunnat ‫ داﻣـﺖ  ﺑَـﺮﻛـﺎ ُﺗـﻬـﻢ  اﻟـْﻌَـﺎﻟ ِـﻴ َـﻪ‬at Madanī Markaz, ْ ُ ُ َ َ ْ َ َ Bāb-ul-Madīnaĥ Karachi during the Sunnaĥ-Inspiring Weekly Ijtimā’ [congregation] of Dawat-e-Islami, the global, non-political movement for propagation of Quran and Sunnaĥ, on 25th of Rajab-ul-Murajjab, 1431 A.H. (08/07/2010). It is being published after required amendments. [Majlis Maktaba-tul-Madīnaĥ]
*

1

The Month of My Prophet

ٖ ِ came in the blessed court of the Holy Prophet ‫.ﺻ َّ  اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ واٰﻟِﻪ وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬ ٰ ُ َ ََ َ The Sultan of both the worlds, the Most Kind among the ِ ٖ mankind, the Holy Prophet ‫ ﺻ َّ  اﷲُ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ  واٰﻟِﻪ  وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬stood up and ٰ َ َ َ َ embraced him; and after kissing his forehead, made Abū Bakr bin Shiblī ‫ رﲪﺔ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ‬sit by his blessed side. I humbly asked, ٰ ِ ُ َْ َ ٖ ِ ‘Yā Rasūlallāĥ ‫ ,ﺻ َّ  اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ واٰﻟِﻪ وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬the reason of so much affection ٰ ُ َ َ َ َ ٖ ِ towards Shiblī?’ The Beloved and Blessed Rasūl ‫ﺻ َّ  اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ واٰﻟِﻪ وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬ ٰ ُ َ َ َ َ said (revealing the Ghayb [hidden]), ‘After every Ṣalāĥ, he recites this verse

ۡ ۡ ٌ ۡ ۡ ۡ ٌ ۡ ٌ ۡ ۡ ۡ ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺟﺂء ﻢ رﺳﻮل ﻣﻦ ﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ ﻋﺰﻳۡﺰ ﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻋﻨ ۡ ﺣﺮﻳۡﺺ ﻠﻴﻜﻢ‬ ٌ ۡ ۡ ۡ ۡ ﴾١٢٨﴿ ٌ ۡ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺆ ﻨ رءوف رﺣ‬
(Part 11, Sūraĥ Taubaĥ, verse 128)

and then invokes Ṣalāt upon me.’ (Al-Qaul-ul-Badī’ , p. 346) ٰ ‫ﺻ اﻟـﻠـﻪ ﺗﻌﺎ ٰ ﻋ ٰ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ۡ ْ ۡ ‫ﺻﻠﻮا ﻋ اﻟﺤﺒﻴﺐ‬

The Month of My Prophet
ٖ ِ Allah’s Noblest Rasūl ‫ ﺻ َّ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ  واٰﻟِﻪ  وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬stated as regards to the ٰ ُ َ ََ َ holy month of Sha’bān, ‘Sha’bān is my month and Ramadan is َّ َ ّ َ the month of Allah ‫( ’.ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬Al-Jāmi’-uṣ-Ṣaghīr, pp. 301, Ḥadīš 4889) َ

2

The Month of My Prophet

Secrets of the 5 Letters of ‫ن‬
‫ﻪ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬ َّ َ َ ّ َ

َۡ َ

[Sha’bān]

What a great honour the month of Sha’bān-ulMu’aẓẓam bears. Above all, this is more than enough to demonstrate its excellence that our Beloved and Blessed Prophet ٖ ِ ‫ ﺻ َّ  اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ واٰﻟِﻪ وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬declared it as ‘My month.’ ٰ ُ َ َ َ َ There are five Arabic letters in the word ‘‫ن‬

‫!ﺳـﺒْﺤـﻦ  اﻟـﻠ‬ َ ٰ ُ

َۡ َ ‫ابع ش‬ ’: , , , and ‫.ن‬

His Saintly Highness Sayyidunā Ghauš-ul-A’ẓam ‫ رﲪﺔ اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ‬has ٰ ِ ُ َْ َ explained these five alphabets of Sha’bān as: ‘‫ ش‬Stands for Sharaf (Nobility), ‫ ع‬for ‘Ulūww (Ascension), ‫ ب‬for Birr (Kindness and Benevolence), ‫ ا‬for Ulfat (Affection) and ‫ ن‬for Nūr (light); so َّ َ ّ َ these are the virtues with which Allah ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬bestows His servants َ in this blessed month. In this month, vistas for good deeds are opened, blessings are showered, wrongdoings are forgiven, expiation is paid for sins and Ṣalāt is invoked extensively upon the Beloved Prophet ٖ ِ ‫ ,ﺻ َّ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ  واٰﻟِﻪ  وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬and this is the month of sending Ṣalāt upon ٰ ُ َ َ َ َ ٖ ِ the Most Exalted Prophet ‫( ’.ﺻ َّ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ  واٰﻟِﻪ  وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬Ghunya-tuṭ-Ṭālibīn, ٰ ُ َ ََ َ
pp. 341-342, vol. 1)

Fervour of the Prophet’s Companions ۡ

َُۡ ُ ‫ر ِ َا‬ َ

Sayyidunā Anas bin Malik ‫ ر ِ َ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋـﻨْﻪ‬has stated, ‘Upon the ُ َ ٰ َ ُ very sight of the moon of Sha’bān, the Companions ‫ر ِ َ  اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋـﻨْﻬﻢ‬ ۡ ُ َ ٰ ُ َ would hold their attention towards recitation of the Holy Quran,
3

The Month of My Prophet

pay the Zakāĥ of their wealth so that the weak and the poor could also make arrangement for the fasting of the month of Ramadan. The governors would summon the prisoners to carry out the sentence on convicted and would set those free whom they consider justified otherwise. Traders would pay back their debts and collect their dues. (In this way, they would get themselves relieved [from liabilities] before the appearance of the moon of Ramadan) and upon the very sight of the moon of Ramadan, they (some of them) would observe I’tikāf1 having performed Ghusl (Ritual Bath).’ (Ghunya-tuṭ-Ṭālibīn, pp. 341, vol. 1)

Conduct of the Muslims Nowadays
How enthusiastic and zealous those Muslims of َّ َ ّ َ earlier times were in worshiping Allah ‫ !ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬But sadly the َ present day Muslims are interested mostly in hoarding wealth. The earlier Muslims who had a Madanī-mindset would spend their time worshipping extensively on holy occasions so as to َّ َ ّ َ seek the closeness of Allah ‫.ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬ َ Nowadays Muslims spend these blessed days especially the month of Ramadan, scheming new ways for coining the َّ َ ّ َ loathsome wealth of this world. Allah ‫ ,ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬the Compassionate َ increases the reward of good deeds excessively in these months but unfortunately the traders increase the prices of their goods particularly in the blessed month of Ramadan in order to exploit
1

َّ َ َ ّ َ ‫ﻪ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬

‫!ﺳـﺒْﺤـﻦ  اﻟـﻠ‬ َ ٰ ُ

Ritual Seclusion in Masjid etc.

4

The Month of My Prophet

their own Islamic brothers. Regretfully it seems as if the spirit of Islamic brotherhood is declining.

Ideal Month for Observing Nafl Fasts
The Prophet of mankind, the Peace of our heart and mind, the ٖ ِ Most Generous and Kind ‫ ﺻ َّ  اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ واٰﻟِﻪ وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬would like observing ٰ ُ َ َ َ َ fasts abundantly in the month of Sha’bān. Sayyidunā ‘Abdullāĥ bin Abī Qaīs ‫ ر ِ َ  اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋـﻨْﻪ‬has reported that he heard the Mother ُ َ ٰ ُ َ of Believers Sayyidatunā ‘Āishaĥ Ṣiddīqaĥ ‫ ر ِ َ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋﻨْﻬَﺎ‬saying, َ ٰ ُ َ ‘Sha’bān-ul-Mu’aẓẓam was the favourite month of my Sovereign ٖ ِ ‫ ﺻ َّ  اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ واٰﻟِﻪ وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬as he used to fast in this month and then extend ٰ ُ َ ََ َ it up to Ramadan-ul-Mubārak.’ (Sunan Abī Dāwūd, pp. 476, vol. 2,
Ḥadīš 2431)

ٰ ‫ﺻ اﻟـﻠـﻪ ﺗﻌﺎ ٰ ﻋ ٰ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬

ۡ ْ ۡ ‫ﺻﻠﻮا ﻋ اﻟﺤﺒﻴﺐ‬

People are Neglectful to it
Sayyidunā Usāmaĥ bin Zaīd ‫ ر ِ َ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋـﻨْﻪ‬said, ‘I asked ‘Yā ُ َ ٰ َ ُ ِ ٖ‫ ,ﺻ َّ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴﻪ  واٰﻟِﻪ‬I see that you observe fasts more Rasūlallāĥ ‫َ ُ ٰ ْ َ  وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬ َ َ (extensively) in the month of Sha’bān than any other month.’ ِ ٖ The Holy Prophet ‫ ﺻ َّ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ  واٰﻟِﻪ  وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬replied, ‘It is a month ٰ َ َ َ َ ُ between Rajab and Ramadan; people are neglectful to it. In this َّ َ ّ َ month, the deeds of people are ascended towards Allah ‫ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬ َ and I love that my deeds be ascended in a state when I am observing fast.’ (Sunan Nasāī, pp. 387, Ḥadīš 2354)
5

The Month of My Prophet

Names of Those Who will Pass Away
Sayyidatunā ‘Āishaĥ Ṣiddīqaĥ ‫ ر ِ َ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋﻨْﻬَﺎ‬said, ‘The Blessed َ ٰ َ ُ Rasūl, the Sultan of Mankind, the Knower of the Unseen, the ٖ ِ Beloved of Allah ‫ ﺻ َّ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ  واٰﻟِﻪ  وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬used to observe fasts on all ٰ ُ َ َ َ َ ‫ ر ِ َ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋﻨْﻬَﺎ‬further said, ‘I asked, Yā the days of Sha’bān. She َ ٰ ُ َ ٖ ِ Rasūlallāĥ ‫ !ﺻ َّ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ  واٰﻟِﻪ  وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬Is Sha’bān your favourite month ٰ ُ َ َ َ َ ِ ٖ for observing fasts?’ The Beloved Prophet ‫ﺻ َّ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ  واٰﻟِﻪ  وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬ ٰ َ َ َ َ ُ َّ ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟ‬inscribes the name of every person destined replied, ‘Allah ‫َ ّ َ َﻞ‬ to die in that year and I love that at the time of my passing away I am in the state of fasting.’ (Musnad Abū Ya’lā, pp. 277, vol. 4,
Ḥadīš 4890)

Prophet

Used to Fast in Sha’bān Abundantly

It is mentioned in Ṣaḥīḥ Bukhārī: Sayyidatunā ‘Āishaĥ Ṣiddīqaĥ ِ ٖ ‫ ر ِ َ  اﷲُ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻨْﻬَﺎ‬said that the Beloved of Allah ‫ﺻ َّ  اﷲُ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ  واٰﻟِﻪ  وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬ ٰ ٰ َ َ َ َ َ would not fast so abundantly in any other month as he would in Sha’bān, rather he used to fast the whole month and would َّ َ ّ َ say, ‘Act according to your capability as Allah ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬does not َ cease His blessings until you become exhausted.’ (Ṣaḥīḥ Bukhārī,
pp. 648, vol. 1, Ḥadīš 1970)

Explanation of the Ḥadīš
The explainer of Ṣaḥīḥ Bukhārī, ‘Allāmaĥ Muftī Sharīf-ul-Ḥaq ِ ِ Amjadī ‫ ﻋَـﻠَﻴْﻪ  رﺣـﻤﺔ  اﻟـﻠـﻪ  اﻟـۡﻘَـﻮی‬has elaborated this Ḥadīš as under: It ُ َ ْ َ ِ means that he used to observe fasts in most of the days of Sha’bān
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The Month of My Prophet

and it was referred as the whole (i.e. the fasts of whole month). It is usually said, ‘Such and such person worshipped the whole night’; although he would have spent time in eating and answering his needs. In such cases, ‘mostly’ is referred as ‘wholly.’ He ‫ رﲪﺔ اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ‬further stated: From this Ḥadīš we learn that one ٰ ِ ُ َْ َ bearing capability should observe fasts extensively. However, the one who is weak should not fast as it may affect his capability to fast in the month of Ramadan adversely. Same objective has been predicated in those Aḥadiš in which it was stated, ‘Do not fast after the first half of Sha’bān.’ (Sunan-ut-Tirmiżī, Ḥadīš 738) (Nuzĥa-tul-Qārī, pp. 377-380, vol. 3)

Promotion of Fasts by Dawat-e-Islami
It is stated on page 1379 of Faizān-e-Sunnat, comprising of 1548 pages, published by Maktaba-tul-Madīnaĥ, the publishing organ of Dawat-e-Islami: Ḥujjat-ul-Islam Imām Muhammad ِ ِ bin Muhammad bin Muhammad Ghazālī ‫ ﻋـﻠ َـﻴ ۡـﻪ  رﺣـﻤـﺔ  اﻟـﻠـﻪ  اﻟـۡﻮاﱃ‬has ُ َ ْ َ ِ َ َ stated, ‘In the above mentioned blessed Ḥadīš, fasting the whole month of Sha’bān means to fast for the most of the days of Sha’bān (i.e. to observe fasts in more than half of the days of Sha’bān). (Mukāshafa-tul-Qulūb, p. 303) If someone intends to fast for the whole month of Sha’bān-ulَّ َ َ َّ Mu’aẓẓam there is no prohibition. ‫ ا َﻟْـﺤﻤـﺪ ِ ﻟـﻠـﻪ ﻋَﺰوﺟﻞ‬Several Islamic ُ ْ َ brothers and sisters of Dawat-e-Islami, the global non-political movement for propagation of Quran & Sunnaĥ, observe fasts
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The Month of My Prophet

profusely in the holy months of Rajab-ul-Murajjab & Sha’bānul-Mu’aẓẓam. By fasting incessantly they embrace the blessings of the holy month of Ramadan-ul-Mubārak.

Observing Fasts in Most of the Days of Sha’bān is Sunnaĥ
The Mother of the believers, Sayyidatunā ‘Āishaĥ Ṣiddīqaĥ ‫ ر ِ َ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻨْﻬَﺎ‬has reported: I never saw the Beloved and Blessed ٰ ُ َ ِ ٖ Prophet ‫ ﺻ َّ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ  واٰﻟِﻪ  وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬observing fasts so extensively in a ٰ َ َ َ َ ُ month as in the month of Sha’bān. Leaving a few days, he used to fast the whole of the month. (Sunan-ut-Tirmiżī, pp. 182, vol. 2,
Ḥadīš 736)

Tayrī Sunnaton pay chal kay mayrī rūḥ jab nikal kar Chalay tum galay lagānā Madanī Madīnay wālay

ٰ ‫ﺻ اﻟـﻠـﻪ ﺗﻌﺎ ٰ ﻋ ٰ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬

ۡ ْ ۡ ‫ﺻﻠﻮا ﻋ اﻟﺤﺒﻴﺐ‬

Holy Nights
The Mother of Believers Sayyidatunā ‘Āishaĥ Ṣiddīqaĥ ‫ر ِ َ  اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋﻨْﻬَﺎ‬ َ ٰ ُ َ ِ ‫ ﺻ َّ  اﷲ ﺗَﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻠَﻴﻪ واٰﻟ‬saying, ‘Allah ٖ stated: I heard the Holy Prophet ‫َ ُ َ ٰ َ ْ ِ َ ﻪ وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬ َ َ َّ َ ّ َ ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬opens the portals of Mercy in four nights (especially): َ 1. 2. Night of Eīd-ul-Aḍḥā Night of Eīd-ul-Fiṭr
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The Month of My Prophet

3.

Fifteenth night of Sha’bān as in this night the names of those destined to die that year, provision of sustenance of people and the names of those who shall perform Hajj (that year) are inscribed. Night of ‘Arafaĥ (the night between the 8th and 9th of Żul-Ḥijjaĥ) until the Ażān (of Fajr).’ (Ad-Dur-rul-Manšūr , pp.
402, vol. 7)

4.

Critical Decisions
Dear Islamic brothers! How critical the 15th night of Sha’bān-ulMu’aẓẓam is! No one knows what will be predestined for him. Sometimes, a person is heedlessly busy in his activities while mishaps are destined for him. It is stated in Ghunya-tuṭ-Ṭālibīn, ‘The shrouds of many people are washed and prepared but they are busy wandering around in the markets. There are many people whose graves have been dug and ready but they are busy enjoying themselves. A number of people are busy laughing although the final moment of their death is approaching. The construction of many houses is about to complete but at the same time the lifetime of their owners is also about to complete.’
(Ghunya-tuṭ-Ṭālibīn, pp. 348, vol. 1)

Āgāĥ apnī maut say koī bashar naĥīn Sāmān saw baras kā ĥay pal kī khabar naĥīn

ٰ ‫ﺻ اﻟـﻠـﻪ ﺗﻌﺎ ٰ ﻋ ٰ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬
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ۡ ْ ۡ ‫ﺻﻠﻮا ﻋ اﻟﺤﺒﻴﺐ‬

The Month of My Prophet

Blessings for the Sinners but...
Sayyidatunā ‘Āishaĥ Ṣiddīqaĥ ‫ ر ِ َ  اﷲُ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋﻨْﻬَﺎ‬has reported that the َ ٰ َ ٖ ِ Holy Prophet ‫ ﺻ َّ  اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ واٰﻟِﻪ وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬said, ‘Jibrāīl ‫ ﻋـﻠَﻴْـﻪ اﻟـﺴـﻼَم‬came to me ٰ ُ َّ ِ َ َ َ َ َ th َّ َ ّ َ and said, ‘This is the 15 Night of Sha’bān. Allah ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬frees as َ many people from the Hell as the number of the hairs on the َّ َ ّ َ goats of the tribe of Kalb. But He ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬does not cast Merciful َ Sight at infidel, malicious person, one who cuts off family ties, the one who dangles his clothes, a person who disobeys his parents and a person who is habitual of drinking wine.’
(Shu’ab-ul-Īmān, pp. 384, vol. 3, Ḥadīš 3837)

(Above mentioned piece ‘the person dangling his clothes beyond the ankles’ in Ḥadīš is meant for those who dangle their trouser, Shalwār, Taĥband etc. over their ankles out of arrogance). A similar Ḥadīš reported by the great scholarly saint Shaykh Imām Aḥmad bin Ḥanbal ‫ ر ِ َ  اﷲُ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋـﻨْﻪ‬on behalf of Shaykh ُ َ ٰ َ ‫ ر ِ َ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋـﻨْﻪ‬also includes the murderer. ‘Abdullāĥ Ibn ‘Amr ُ َ ٰ ُ َ
(Musnad Imām Aḥmad, pp. 589, vol. 2, Ḥadīš 6653)

Sayyidunā Kašīr bin Murraĥ ‫ ر ِ َ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋـﻨْﻪ‬has reported that the ُ َ ٰ ُ َ Prophet of Raḥmaĥ, the Intercessor of Ummaĥ, the Owner of ٖ ِ Jannaĥ ‫ ﺻ َّ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ  واٰﻟِﻪ  وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬said, ‘On the 15th of Sha’bān, Allah ٰ ُ َ َ ََ َّ َ ّ َ ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬forgives everyone on earth except the one who associates َ partners with Him or the one who has malice in his heart.’
(Shu’ab-ul-Īmān, pp. 381, vol. 3, Ḥadīš 3830)

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The Month of My Prophet

The Supplication of Sayyidunā Dāwūd ‫م‬

َ

ََ ‫ۡ ِا‬

ِ َ ُ ۡ َ ٰ Sayyidunā ‘Alī ‫ ﮐَـﺮم اﻟـﻠـﻪ ﺗَـﻌَـﺎﱃ وﺟـﻬَـﻪ اﻟـۡﮑـﺮﻳۡﻢ‬would often come outside on ُ َ َّ th the 15 night of Sha’bān. So once he came out and said while looking towards sky, ‘Once, on the 15th of Sha’bān, the great َّ َ ّ َ Prophet of Allah ‫ ,ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬Sayyidunā Dāwūd ‫ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ  اﻟﺴﻼَم‬raised his َّ ِ َ gaze towards the sky and said, ‘This is the time when whoever َّ َ ّ َ َّ َ ّ َ supplicated to Allah ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬for anything, Allah ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬fulfilled his َ َ supplication (Du’ā) and whoever asked for forgiveness, Allah َّ َ ّ َ ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬forgave him provided supplicant is not a taxman (a person َ who unjustly demands tax money), a magician, a soothsayer or a player of music.’ Then he invoked this supplication:

َ ٗ َ َ ۡ َ ِ ۡ ِ ۡ ‫ا َ ُ رب داود ا‬ َ َ َ َ ۡ ِ ‫د َ ك ۡ ٰ ِ ه ا ۡ َ ِ اَو ا ۡ َ ۡ َ َك‬ ِ ِ ٰ
َّ َ َ ّ َ Meaning: ‘O Allah ‫ !ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬O the Rab of Dāwūd ‫ !ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ اﻟﺴﻼَم‬Whoever َّ ِ asks prayer to you in this night or seeks your forgiveness, forgive him.’

(Laṭāif-ul-Ma’ārif li-Ibn Rajab-ul-Ḥanbalī, pp. 137, vol. 1)

Ĥar khaṭā tū dar-guzar kar baykas-o-majbūr kī
َّ َ َ َّ Yā Ilāĥī ‫ !ﻋَﺰوﺟﻞ‬Maghfirat kar baykas-o-majbūr kī

ٰ ‫ﺻ اﻟـﻠـﻪ ﺗﻌﺎ ٰ ﻋ ٰ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬
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ۡ ْ ۡ ‫ﺻﻠﻮا ﻋ اﻟﺤﺒﻴﺐ‬

The Month of My Prophet

The Deprived People
Dear Islamic brothers! Shab-e-Barā-at is a vital night and it must not be spent carelessly. Downpour of special blessings is َّ َ ّ َ showered in this holy night. In this night, Allah ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬frees people َ from Hell in a number more than that of hairs on the goats of the tribe of Banī Kalb. It is recorded in books that the tribe of Banī Kalb possessed the largest number of goats among the tribes of Arabia. Alas! There are some unfortunate people who have been declared to remain deprived of forgiveness in Shab-e-Barā-at i.e. the ِ َ ِ night of rescue. Shaykh Imam Bayĥaqī Shāfi’ī ‫ﻋـﻠَﻴْﻪ  رﺣـﻤﺔ  اﻟـﻠـﻪ  اﻟـۡﻘـﻮی‬ ُ َ ْ َ ِ َ has reported in ‘Faḍāil-ul-Awqāt’: The Prophet of Raḥmaĥ, the ٖ ِ Intercessor of Ummaĥ ‫ ﺻ َّ  اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ واٰﻟِﻪ وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬has alarmed, ‘Six persons ٰ ُ َ ََ َ will not be pardoned even in that night: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. An alcoholic The one who is disobedient to parents. Habitual of fornication. The one who cuts-off family ties. The one who sketches portraits. The one who tells tales. (Faḍāil-ul-Awqāt, pp. 130, vol. 1, Ḥadīš 27)

Similarly, soothsayer, magician, the one who dangles his Shalwār or Taĥband below the ankles out of arrogance, and the one who bears hatred and malice for another Muslim have been alarmed
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The Month of My Prophet

for being deprived of forgiveness. If someone has been indulged in any of the above mentioned sins should repent from the core of his heart for that particular sin and for all the sins in general as well before the advent of Shab-e-Barā-at; rather he should firmly repent right now without any delay. If someone has violated the rights of others, then, in addition to repentance, he should apologise/compensate them. ٰ ‫ﺻ اﻟـﻠـﻪ ﺗﻌﺎ ٰ ﻋ ٰ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ۡ ْ ۡ ‫ﺻﻠﻮا ﻋ اﻟﺤﺒﻴﺐ‬
ۡ َ َ ِ ‫ر ۡـ َ ُ ا‬ َ Towards

A Letter of Imām-e-Aĥl-e-Sunnat All Muslims

Imām-e-Aĥl-e-Sunnat, Mujaddid [Revivalist] of the Ummaĥ, ‘Allāmaĥ, Maulānā, Al-Ḥāj Al-Ḥāfiẓ, Al-Qārī, Ash-Shāĥ Imām Aḥmad Razā Khān ‫ ﻋـﻠَﻴْﻪ رﲪَﺔ اﻟـﺮﲪٰﻦ‬wrote a letter to one of his disciples ْ ْ َّ ُ ْ َ ِ َ emphasizing repentance before onset of Shab-e-Barā-at. Same is being presented here due to its worthiness. Hence it is mentioned on page ‘356 to 357’ of Kulliyāt Makātīb-e-Razā: Shab-e-Barā-at is about to come. On this night, the deeds of all َّ َ ّ َ servants are presented in the Exalted Court of Allah ‫ .ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬For َ ٖ ِ ‫ ,ﺻ َّ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ  واٰﻟِﻪ  وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬Allah the sake of the Most Dignified Rasūl َ َ َ ٰ ُ َ َّ َ ّ َ ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬forgives the sins of the Muslims except that of a few. َ Among these are those two Muslims who bear mutual hostility َّ َ ّ َ for some worldly reasons. Allah ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬says: ‘Leave them as they َ are, until they mend their relations.’
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The Month of My Prophet

Aĥl-e-Sunnat should end discords and mend relations before sunset of 14th Sha’bān. Fulfil the rights of others; else get waiver so that the book of deeds is presented in His court devoid of َّ َ ّ َ rights of others. Regarding the rights of Allah ‫ ,ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬mere َ sincere repentance is sufficient. It is mentioned in a Ḥadīš: ُ َ َ ۢ ۡ َ‫( ا َ ُ ِ َ ا ـ ۡ ۢ َ َ ۡ  ذ‬Whoever repents of his sin, is as if ِ ِ he has not committed the sin at all). (Sunan Ibn Mājaĥ, Ḥadīš 4250)
َّ َ ّ َ If one abides as advised, (by the grace of Allah ‫ )ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬there is a َ strong hope of forgiveness in this night provided his beliefs are ۡ ُ َُۡ َُ perfect. ِ ‫( و َ ا ۡ ر ا‬He forgives sins and grants mercy).

This practice of bringing brothers in Islam close to settle discords and fulfil the rights of each other is being in effect here since long. Hopefully, you will inculcate this good practice among the Muslims of your environs to become deserving of the reward mentioned in the following narration:

َ

َ َ ۡ َ ُ ۡ ََ َ ُ ‫وا‬ ِ ِ ٌ ‫ۡء‬

ۡ َ‫َ ً َ َ ُ ا‬ َ ۡ ۡ ُ ِ ِ‫ر‬

َ ۡ َ َ ً ُ ‫اِ ۡ م‬ َ ۡ َ ِ ِ ٰ ۡ ُ ۡ ُ َ ِ ‫ا ِ َ ۡم ا ِ ٰ َ ِ  َ ۡ ُ ِ ا‬

He who initiates a virtuous tradition in Islam, there is reward of it for him and also the reward of all those acting upon it will be written continually in his account of deeds until the Day of Judgement without any decrease in the rewards of those acting upon it.
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The Month of My Prophet

َّ َ ّ َ Pray for this Faqīr (lowly servant of Allah ‫ )ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬to be blessed َ with absolution and peace in the world and in the Hereafter! I َّ َ ّ remember you in supplications and will keep doing so ‫.اِن ﺷ ﺂءَاﻟـﻠـﻪ ﻋَﺰَوﺟﻞ‬ َ ْ َ It should be made clear to all the Muslims that concord and pardon all should be made from core of the heart. Neither mere utterance by tongue is sufficient and nor lip-service is liked in َّ َ ّ َ the court of Allah ‫.ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬ َ

َ َ ‫وا م‬

Faqīr Aḥmad Razā Qādirī From: Bareilly

Fast on the 15th of Sha’bān
ِ َ ُ ۡ َ ٰ Sayyidunā ‘Alī ‫ ﮐَـﺮم  اﻟـﻠـﻪ  ﺗَـﻌَـﺎﱃ  وﺟـﻬَـﻪ  اﻟـۡﮑـﺮﻳۡﻢ‬has reported that the Holy ُ َ َّ ٖ ِ ‫ ﺻ َّ  اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ واٰﻟِﻪ وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬said, ‘When the 15th Night of Sha’bān Prophet َ َ َ ٰ ُ َ comes, do Qiyām (for worship) in the night and observe fast in َّ َ ّ َ the day. No doubt Allah ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬reveals special Divine Manifestation َ on sky above the earth from the time of sunset and announces, ‘Is there anyone seeking forgiveness so that I may forgive him? Is there anyone seeking sustenance so that I may grant him sustenance? Is there anyone afflicted so that I may relieve َّ َ ّ َ his affliction? Is there so and so...’ He ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬keeps announcing it َ until the time of the Fajr.’ (Sunan Ibn Mājaĥ, pp. 160, vol. 2, Ḥadīš 1388)

ٰ ‫ﺻ اﻟـﻠـﻪ ﺗﻌﺎ ٰ ﻋ ٰ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬
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ۡ ْ ۡ ‫ﺻﻠﻮا ﻋ اﻟﺤﺒﻴﺐ‬

The Month of My Prophet

A Rewarding Opportunity
The books of deeds are exchanged on Shab-e-Barā-at. If possible, observe fast on the 14th of Sha’bān to get recorded a fast on the closing day of the book of deeds. On 14th of Sha’bān, after offering the congregational Ṣalāĥ of ‘Aṣr it is better to observe I’tikāf and stay in Masjid with the intention of waiting for Ṣalāĥ of Maghrib. In this way the last moments when the book of deeds is about to change, the virtues of being present in Masjid, being in I’tikāf, and waiting expectantly to offer Ṣalāt-ul-Maghrib etc. will be inscribed in it. It is even golden to spend the whole night worshipping َّ َ ّ َ Allah ‫.ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬ َ

The Green Slip of Paper
Amīr-ul-Mūminīn Sayyidunā ‘Umar bin ‘Abdul ‘Azīz ‫ر ِ َ  اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋـﻨْﻪ‬ ُ َ ٰ ُ َ th was once busy in worship in the 15 Night of Sha’bān. When he raised his head he found a green slip of paper whose refulgence was extending up to the sky. It was bearing the words

َ ۡ َۡ َ َ َ [ِ ِ ‫ ] ِه َ اءة ِ َ ا رِ ِ َ ا َ ِ ِ ا ِ ِ ِ دِهٰ َ َ ِ دِا‬meaning: ٰ This is an order of absolution from the hellfire sent from Allah َّ َ ّ َ ‫ ,ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬the Omnipotent, for His servant ‘Umar bin Abdul ‘Azīz. َ
(Tafsīr Rūḥ-ul-Bayān)
َّ َ َ َّ َ Dear Islamic brothers! ‫ ا َﻟْـﺤﻤـﺪ ِ ﻟـﻠـﻪ ﻋﺰوﺟﻞ‬At one end, this incident ُ ْ َ reveals the greatness and saintliness of Sayyidunā ‘Umar bin

ۡ ۡ

َ

ۡ

ُ

ۡ ۡ

ۡ

ّ ٌ

ٰ

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The Month of My Prophet

Abdul ‘Azīz ‫ ر ِ َ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋـﻨْﻪ‬and on the other end it discloses the ُ َ ٰ ُ َ َّ َ َ َّ َ excellence and blessedness of Shab-e-Barā-at. ‫ !ا َﻟْـﺤﻤـﺪ ِ ﻟـﻠـﻪ ﻋﺰوﺟﻞ‬This ُ ْ َ blessed night brings Barā-at (absolution) from the blazing fire of Hell. That is why it is called Shab-e-Barā-at.

Six Nawāfil after Ṣalāt-ul-Maghrib
To offer specific six Rak’āt of Nafl after the Farḍ and Sunan of Ṣalāt-ul-Maghrib is one of the traditions of the pious saints ِ ‫ رﲪﻬﻢ  اﻟـﻠـﻪ  ﺗَـﻌَﺎﱃ‬of Islam. After offering the Farḍ and Sunan etc., ٰ ُ ُ ُ َ َ offer six Rak’āt of Nafl in sets of two. Before offering the first َّ َ ّ َ two Rak’āt, make the intention: ‘Yā Allah ‫ !ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬By the virtue of َ these two Rak’āt, grant me long life with wellbeing.’ Similarly, before offering the second two Rak’āt, make the َّ َ ّ َ intention: ‘Yā Allah ‫ !ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬By the virtue of these two Rak’āt, َ protect me from calamities.’ Before offering the last two Rak’āt, َّ َ ّ َ make the intention: ‘Yā Allah ‫ !ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬By the virtue of these two َ Rak’āt, do not make me dependent on anyone except You.’ After every two Rak’āt, recite Sūraĥ al-Ikhlāṣ twenty one times or Sūraĥ Yāsīn once. If possible, recite both. It is also possible that one Islamic brother recites Sūraĥ Yāsīn while the rest listen to it. Keep in mind that the other Islamic brother(s) should not recite Sūraĥ Yāsīn etc. aloud individually while recitation is َّ َ َ ّ already taking place loudly. ‫ اِن  ﺷ ﺂءَاﻟـﻠـﻪ ﻋَﺰَوﺟﻞ‬Huge reward will pile َ ْ up for you at the very beginning of the blessed night. Each time after Sūraĥ Yāsīn, recite the Du’ā of mid-Sha’bān.
17

‫‪The Month of My Prophet‬‬

‫‪Du’ā for Mid-Sha’bān‬‬

‫ﺑـﺴﻢ ﻟـﻠٰـﻪ ﺣﻤﻦ ﺣ ۡ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ٰ‬
‫َ ّ َ َ َّ‬ ‫‪ - beginning with the name of - the Most Gracious, the‬ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ ‪Allah‬‬ ‫.‪Most Merciful‬‬

‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ْ‬ ‫ٰ‬ ‫ۡ‬ ‫اﻟﻠ‪ ð‬ﻳﺎ ذااﻟﻤﻦ وﻻ ﻳﻤﻦ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻳﺎ ذااﻟﺠـﻼل واﻻﻛــﺮام‬ ‫ۤ‬ ‫ۡ‬ ‫ۡ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ذااﻟﻄﻮل واﻻﻧﻌﺎم ﻻ ا ٰ اﻻ اﻧﺖ ﻇﻬﺮ اﻟﻼﺟﲔ وﺟـﺎر‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ۡ‬ ‫ٰ‬ ‫ۡ‬ ‫ْ ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ْ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺠﲑﻳۡﻦ واﻣـﺎن اﻟﺨـﺂ ﻔﲔ اﻟﻠـ‪ ð‬ان ﻛﻨـﺖ ﻛﺘﺒﺘـ ۡ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ۤ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ً ْ ْ ْ ً ْ ْ ْ‬ ‫ٰ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪك ﰲۡ ام اﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺷﻘﻴﺎ اوﻣﺤﺮوﻣﺎ اوﻣﻄﺮودًا اوﻣﻘـﱰا‬ ‫ٰ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﻋ ـ ﰲۡ اﻟــﺮزق ﻓــﺎﻣﺢ اﻟﻠــ‪ ð‬ﺑﻔﻀــﻠﻚ ﺷــﻘﺎو ۡ وﺣﺮﻣــﺎ ۡ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ۡ‬ ‫ْ ْ‬ ‫ْ ۡ‬ ‫وﻃـﺮدي واﻗﺘﺘـﺎر رزﻗـﻲ واﺛﺒﺘـ ۡ ﻋﻨـﺪك ﰲۡ ام اﻟﻜﺘـﺐ‬ ‫ٰـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ً ْ ۡ‬ ‫ْ ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ۡ ً‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻴﺪا ﻣﺮزوﻗًﺎ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﺨﲑات ﻓﺎﻧﻚ ﻗﻠﺖ وﻗﻮﻟﻚ اﻟﺤـﻖ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﰲۡ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻚ اﻟﻤﻨﺰل ﻋ ٰ ﻟﺴﺎن ﻧﺒﻴﻚ اﻟﻤﺮﺳﻞ ﻳﻤﺤﻮا اﷲ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ْ ٗۤ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ۡ‬ ‫ٰ‬ ‫ﺸــﺂء وﻳﺜﺒــﺖ وﻋﻨــﺪه ام اﻟﻜﺘــﺐ ﴿﴾ اﻟٰﻬــﻲ ﺑــﺎﻟﺘﺠ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ۡ‬ ‫ْ ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ۡ‬ ‫اﻻﻋﻈﻢ ﰲۡ ﻟﻴ اﻟﻨﺼﻒ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺷـﻌﺒﺎن اﻟﻤﻜـﺮم اﻟـ ۡ‬
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The Month of My Prophet

ْ ْ ْ ْ ۡ ْ ۡ ‫ﻳﻔﺮق ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻛﻞ اﻣﺮ ﺣﻜﻴﻢ وﻳـﱪم ان ﺗﻜﺸـﻒ ﻋﻨـﺎ ﻣـﻦ‬ ٍ ٍ ْ ْ ْ ْ ْ ْ ْ ‫اﻟﺒﻼء واﻟﺒﻠﻮاء ﻣﺎ ﻧﻌﻠﻢ وﻣﺎ ﻻﻧﻌﻠﻢ واﻧﺖ ﺑـﻪ اﻋﻠـﻢ اﻧـﻚ‬ ٖ ْ ْ ْ ْ ‫اﻧﺖ اﻻﻋﺰ اﻻﻛـﺮم وﺻـ اﷲ ﺗﻌـﺎ ٰ ﻋـ ٰ ﺳـﻴﺪﻧﺎ ﻣﺤﻤـﺪ‬ ٍ ْ ۡ ْ ْ ْ ٰ ﴾﴿ ‫وﻋ ٰ ٰا ٖ واﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ واﻟﺤﻤﺪﷲ رب اﻟﻌﻠﻤﲔ‬ ٖ
َّ َ َ ّ َ Translation: Yā Allah ‫ !ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬O the One who does favour to everyone but no one can do any favour to You! O the One bearing high majesty and grandeur! O the One who bestows bounty and rewards! There is none worthy of worship except You. You help the troubled, provide refuge to those who seek refuge and give َّ َ َ ّ َ peace to those who are in fear. Yā Allah ‫ !ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬In the primary book (i.e. Lauḥ Maḥfūẓ/Secured Tablet) that is with You, if You have written my name among the unfortunate, the deprived, the َّ َ َ َّ َ rejected or one with lacking sustenance, then Yā Allah ‫ ,ﻋﺰوﺟﻞ‬with Your grace, remove my misfortune, deprivation, disgrace and lack of sustenance, write my among those who are blessed with good fortune, increased sustenance and ability to perform good deeds in the primary book. Indeed, You have truly mentioned in Your own descended book (i.e. the Holy Quran) as uttered by ٖ ِ ٰ ُ Your Prophet ‫ :ﺻ َّ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ  واٰﻟِﻪ  وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬Translation from Kanz-ul-Īmān: َ َ َ َ َّ ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟ‬erases and confirms whatever He wills; and only with ‘Allah ‫َ ّ َ َ ﻞ‬ َّ َ َ ّ Him is the real script.’ (Part 13, Sūraĥ Ar-Ra’d, verse 39) O my Rab ‫!ﻋَﺰَوﺟﻞ‬ th By virtue of Divine Manifestation that lies in 15 night of the

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The Month of My Prophet

blessed month of Sha’bān in which every prudent task is assigned and is made irrevocable, remove from us all calamities and discords, those that we know about as well as those that we do not, while You know everything the most. Truly, You are the most َّ َ َ ّ َ powerful, the most reverent. And may Allah Almighty ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬send ِ ٰ ُ blessings and salutation on Sayyidunā Muhammad ‫,ﺻ َّ  اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ واٰﻟ ِٖﻪ وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬ َ َ َ َ ِ ‫ ر‬and all ٰ and on his holy family and his companions ‫َ َ  اﷲُ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻨْﻬﻢ‬ ۡ ُ َّ َ َ ّ َ praise is for Allah ‫ ,ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬the Sustainer of the worlds.

Some Madanī Requests by Sag-e-Madīnaĥ
It has been practice of Sag-e-Madīnaĥ since long to offer six Nafl and do recitation from the holy Quran at Shab-e-Barā’at as prescribed above. This form of worship after Maghrib is Nafl. It is neither Farḍ nor Wājib and there is no prohibition in Sharī’aĥ about Nafl and Tilāwaĥ after Maghrib.
ِ َ ِ ُ َ ْ َ ِ َ ‘Allāmaĥ Ibn Rajab Ḥanbalī ‫ ﻋـﻠَﻴْﻪ  رﺣـﻤﺔ  اﻟـﻠـﻪ  اﻟـۡﻘـﻮی‬has mentioned: Among Syrians the grand saints like Shaykh Khālid bin Ma’dān, ِ Shaykh Makḥūl, Shaykh Luqmān bin ‘Āmir ‫ رﲪﻬﻢ  اﻟـﻠـﻪ  ﺗَـﻌَﺎﱃ‬and ٰ ُ ُ ُ َ َ others always observed great reverence for this holy night and worshiped abundantly in this night. Muslims learnt reverence for this holy night from these great saints. (Laṭāif-ul-Ma’ārif li-Ibn

ِ ُ َّ َ َ ّ َ ‫!ا َﻟـﺤﻤـﺪ  ﻟـﻠـﻪ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬ ْ َ ْ

Rajab-ul-Ḥanbalī, pp. 145, vol. 1)

It is mentioned in the authentic book of Fiqĥ Ḥanafī, Dur-reMukhtār: ‘In Shab-e-Barā-at, observing vigil (for worship) is Mustaḥab. This vigil does not necessitate staying awake for the
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The Month of My Prophet

whole night; awaking for most part of the night is also referred as full night Vigil.’ (Dur-re-Mukhtār, pp. 568, vol. 2) Madanī Request: So, if possible, all Islamic brothers should offer these six Nawāfil and other related invocations after Ṣalāĥ of Maghrib in their Masjid to earn enormous reward. Islamic sisters may perform these rituals in their homes.

Security from Evil Spell/Black Magic Throughout the Year
It is mentioned on page 134 of the book ‘Islāmī Zindagī’, comprising of 170 pages, published by Maktaba-tul-Madīnaĥ, the publishing organ of Dawat-e-Islami: ‘In the 15th night of Sha’bān, boil seven leaves of berry tree in water, perform Ghusl َّ َ َ ّ (ritual bath) with that water (when it is cooled down) ‫اِن ﺷ ﺂءَاﻟـﻠـﻪ ﻋَﺰَوﺟﻞ‬ َ ْ you will remain secured from evil spell/black magic throughout the year.’

Shab-e-Barā-at and Visiting the Graves
The Mother of the Believers, Sayyidatunā ‘Āishaĥ Ṣiddīqaĥ ٖ ِ ‫ ر ِ َ  اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋﻨْﻬَﺎ‬has reported: ‘I missed the Prophet ‫ﺻ َّ  اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ واٰﻟِﻪ وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬ ٰ ُ َ َ ٰ ُ َ ََ َ one night and later found him in (the cemetery of) al-Baqī’. ٖ ِ The Holy Prophet ‫ ﺻ َّ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ  واٰﻟِﻪ  وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬said, ‘Were you afraid that ٰ ُ َ َ َ َ ٖ ِ َّ َ ّ َ Allah ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬and His Prophet ‫ ﺻ َّ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ  واٰﻟِﻪ  وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬would deprive ٰ ُ َ َ َ َ َ َّ ‫ ,ﻋﺰَوﺟ‬I thought that you of your right?’ I said, ‘Yā Rasūlallāĥ ‫َ ّ َ َﻞ‬
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The Month of My Prophet

you might have gone to visit one of your blessed wives.’ He ِ ٖ َّ َ ّ َ ‫ ﺻ َّ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ  واٰﻟِﻪ  وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬said, ‘Allah ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬the Glorious and Exalted ٰ َ َ َ َ َ ُ shows Divine Manifestation on the sky above the earth in the َّ َ ّ َ 15th night of Sha’bān; He ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬forgives sinners greater in َ number than the number of hairs on the goats of the tribe of Kalb.’ (Sunan-ut-Tirmiżī, pp. 183, vol. 2, Ḥadīš 739)

Who Invented Fireworks?
َّ َ َ َّ Dear Islamic brothers! ‫ ,ا َﻟْـﺤﻤـﺪ ِ ﻟـﻠـﻪ ﻋَﺰوﺟﻞ‬Shab-e-Barā’at is the night ُ ْ َ to acquire freedom and salvation from the fire of Hell but unfortunately, a large number of Muslims waste their hard-earned money in buying fire for themselves in the form of firecrackers and varieties of fireworks thereby violating the holiness of this night.

The renowned commentator of the Holy Quran, Muftī Aḥmad َّ ُ َّ ِ Yār Khān ‫ ﻋَﻠَﻴﻪ  اﻟﺮﲪَﺔ  اﻟﺮﲪٰﻦ‬has mentioned in his booklet ‘Islāmī Zindagī’: ‘It is really a great deprivation to spend this night in committing sins. It is said that fireworks were invented by َّ ِ َ َ َ َّ َ Namrūd. When Sayyidunā Ibrāĥīm ‫ ﻋـ ٰ  ﻧَﺒِـﻴِّـﻨَﺎ  و  ﻋـﻠَﻴْـﻪ  اﻟـﺼﻠٰﻮة ُ  واﻟـﺴﻼم‬was َ put into the fire, the fire extinguished and turned into a garden of flowers. So Namrūd’s people prepared firecrackers and after setting these alight fired towards Sayyidunā Ibrāĥīm ‫’.ﻋـﻠَﻴْـﻪ  اﻟـﺴـﻼَم‬ َّ ِ َ
(Islāmī Zindagī, p. 77)

22

The Month of My Prophet

The Prevalent Fireworks Related to Shab-e-Barā-at are Ḥarām
Regretfully this sinful tradition of fireworks on the eve of Shab-eBarā-at is proliferating among Muslims. It is stated in ‘Islāmī Zindagī’: Muslims waste millions of rupees in practicing this tradition and every year many cases are reported that so many houses burnt down due to the fireworks and so many persons burnt to death. This sinful activity is a serious risk for life, wealth and assets. Further it is just putting one’s own wealth to fire and in return, َّ َ ّ َ getting the burden of disobedience of Allah ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬upon the َ َّ َ ّ َ shoulders. For the sake of Allah ‫ !ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬Refrain from committing َ this absurd and Ḥarām act, and prevent your children and relatives as well. Wherever some uncultured children set off fireworks, do not stay to spectate such scenes. (Islāmī Zindagī, p. 78) Setting off the fireworks on Shab-e-Barā-at is, no doubt, wastage of money and extravagance; therefore this act is Ḥarām and impermissible. Likewise production, selling and purchasing of fireworks are all prohibited as per Sharī’aĥ. (Fatāwā Ajmaliyyaĥ,
pp. 52, vol. 4)

Imām-e-Aĥl-e-Sunnat, Mujaddid [Revivalist] of the Ummaĥ, Reviver of the Sunnaĥ, Destroyer of Bid’aĥ, Scholar of the Sacred Law, ‘Allāmaĥ Maulānā Al-Ḥāj Al-Ḥāfiẓ, Al-Qārī, Ash-Shāĥ Imām Aḥmad Razā Khān ‫ ﻋـﻠَﻴْﻪ رﲪﺔ اﻟـﺮﲪٰﻦ‬has stated, ‘Undoubtedly ْ ْ َّ ُ َ ْ َ ِ َ
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The Month of My Prophet

the traditional detonation of fireworks at the occasions of weddings and Shab-e-Barā-at is Ḥarām and a sure offence as it involves wastage of money.’ (Fatāwā Razawīyyaĥ (Jad īd), pp. 279,
vol. 23)

The Permissible Form of Fireworks
The fireworks that are set off at Shab-e-Barā-at are usually just for the sake of pleasure and amusement and are therefore sinful, Ḥarām and an act that leads to Hell. However, there are some specific permissible forms of fireworks as well. It was asked in the blessed presence of A’lā Ḥaḍrat ‫‘ :رﲪﺔ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ‬What do the ٰ ِ ُ َْ َ scholars of Islam say as regard to whether production and detonation of fireworks is Ḥarām or not?’ Answer: It is forbidden and sinful except in those cases which are devoid of sports and extravagance e.g. setting off firecrackers or fireballs for announcement of moon sighting for a new month, or to drive away the harmful animals or drive away the animals and birds from fields or fruit bearing trees in jungles or even in cities when required. (Fatāwā Razawīyyaĥ, pp. 290, vol. 23)
Tujĥ ko Sha’bān-ul-Mu’aẓẓam ka Khudāyā wāsṭaĥ Bakhsh day Rab-e-Muḥammad tū mayrī ĥar aīk khaṭā

ٰ ‫ﺻ اﻟـﻠـﻪ ﺗﻌﺎ ٰ ﻋ ٰ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬
24

ۡ ْ ۡ ‫ﺻﻠﻮا ﻋ اﻟﺤﺒﻴﺐ‬

The Month of My Prophet

1. Inspiring Ijtimā’ of Shab-e-Barā-at
If one is desirous to increase the fervour for worshiping on the night of Shab-e-Barā-at, to refrain from sinful acts like setting fireworks in this holy night and wants to become a pious Muslim, he should embrace the Madanī environment of Dawat-e-Islami, the global, non political movement for propagation of Quran and Sunnaĥ. One should travel three days every month in the Sunnaĥ-Inspiring Madanī Qāfilaĥ with the devotees of Prophet and should tend to transform his life according to the guidelines of Madanī In’āmāt. For enticement, two inspiring Madanī marvels are being mentioned. The extract from writings of an Islamic brother of Markaz-ul-Auliyā, Lahore (Pakistan) regarding revolutionary reforms in his life is as under. Before embracing the Madanī environment of Dawat-e-Islami, the global, non political movement for propagation of Quran and Sunnaĥ, I had been availing the company of the misled sect and was involved in a variety of sinful activities. Regretfully, I was proud of my lifestyle of watching movies and dramas and visiting porn clubs (‫ .)ﻣـﻌَـﺎذَ  اﻟـﻠـﻪ‬The decline of my sinful days and َ the dawning of my reformed self owe to the individual efforts of an Islamic brother. He convinced me to attend the SunnaĥInspiring Ijtimā’ of Shab-e-Barā-at at Hanjarwal. The speech of Muballigh-e-Dawat-e-Islami was so inspiring and heart rending that I regretted deeply over my sinful past. I perspired and felt َّ َ ّ َ so ashamed and afraid due to my disobedience to Allah ‫ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬ َ that I burst into tears. After the Ijtimā’ an Islamic brother who
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The Month of My Prophet

was responsible for Madanī Qāfilaĥ met me and persuaded me to travel with Madanī Qāfilaĥ. I was already inspired and so I readily agreed to travel with the Madanī Qāfilaĥ. In the blessed company of the devotees of the Noble Prophet I َّ َ َ ّ َ learnt various acts of Sunnaĥ in Madanī Qāfilaĥ and ‫اَﻟْـﺤﻤـﺪ ِ ﻟـﻠـﻪ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬ ُ ْ َ I repented from my all previous sins. Upon the arrival of the month of Ramadan-ul-Mubārak I availed the opportunity of blissful I’tikāf in the last ten days with the devotees of the Exalted Prophet. In this I’tikāf, on 27th night, a fortunate Islamic brother ٖ ِ was blessed with the vision of Holy Prophet ‫.ﺻ َّ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ  واٰﻟِﻪ  وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬ ٰ ُ َ ََ َ This significant incident intensified my liking for Dawat-eIslami and I firmly embraced the Madanī environment of Dawat-e-Islami.
Āo karnay lago gay baĥut nayk kām Madanī Māḥaul mayn karlo tum I’tikāf Fazl-e-Rab say ĥo dīdār-e-Sultan-e-Dīn Madanī Māḥaul mayn tum karlo I’tikāf Rāḥat-o-chaīn pāye gā qalb-e-Ḥazīn Madanī Māḥaul mayn karlo tum I’tikāf
(Wasāil-e-Bakhshish, p. 353)

2. Crazy for Films
The statement of another Islamic brother from Bara Board, Bāb-ul-Madīnaĥ (Karachi) is summarised as follows: I was a misfit and despised person of society. People called me ‘film
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The Month of My Prophet

crazy’ for I watched films and dramas excessively every day. Reforms in me owe to the individual effort of an Islamic brother. This led me to attend the Sunnaĥ-Inspiring Ijtimā’ of Shab-eBarā-at held in Khajji ground (Gulbahar, Karachi) organized by Dawat-e-Islami, the global, non political movement for propagation of Quran and Sunnaĥ. When I listened to the heart rending speech about ‘First Night َّ َ ّ َ in the Grave’ it felt the fear of Allah ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬in my core of the َ heart. I repented from all my previous sins and embraced the Madanī environment of Dawat-e-Islami. My entire family had َّ َ َ ّ َ been westernized. ‫ اَﻟْـﺤﻤـﺪ ِ ﻟـﻠـﻪ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬As a result of my individual effort ُ ْ َ five brothers of mine also became devotees of Dawat-e-Islami and they all crowned their heads with green turban and gradually the environment of our households reformed into a completely Madanī environment. At the time of writing these lines I am serving the Sunnaĥ in capacity of Nigrān of Ḥalqaĥ Mushāwarat. I love to travel with Sunnaĥ-Inspiring Madanī َّ َ َ ّ َ Qāfilaĥ and ‫ ا َﻟْـﺤﻤـﺪ ِ ﻟـﻠـﻪ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬I travel regularly with 3-days Madanī ُ ْ َ Qāfilaĥ every month.
Yaqīnan Muqaddar ka woĥ ĥay sikandar Jisay khayr say mil gaya Madanī Māḥaul Yaĥān Sunnatayn sīkĥnay ko milayn gi Dilāye gā khauf-e-Khudā Madanī Māḥaul Ay bīmār-e-‘iṣyān tū ā jā yaĥān par Gunāĥaun kī daygā dawā Madanī Māḥaul
(Wasāil-e-Bakhshish, p. 335) 27

The Month of My Prophet

Dear Islamic brothers! Now towards the end of my Bayān, I would like to avail auspicious opportunity of telling you an excellence of Sunnaĥ and thereafter I will tell you some Sunnaĥs and manners. The most Beloved Prophet Muhammad ٖ ِ ‫ ﺻ َّ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠ َﻴْﻪ  واٰﻟِﻪ  وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬stated, ‘He, who loved my Sunnaĥ, loved me ٰ ُ َ َ َ َ and he who loved me will be with me in the Paradise.’ (Mishkāt-ulMaṣābīḥ, pp. 55, vol. 1, Ḥadīš 175)

Sīnaĥ tayrī Sunnat kā Madīnaĥ banay Āqā Jannat mayn pařawsī mujĥay tum apnā banānā

ٰ ‫ﺻ اﻟـﻠـﻪ ﺗﻌﺎ ٰ ﻋ ٰ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬

ۡ ْ ۡ ‫ﺻﻠﻮا ﻋ اﻟﺤﺒﻴﺐ‬

11 Madanī Pearls Regarding Visit to the Graveyard
1. The Prophet of mankind, the Peace of our heart and mind, ٖ ِ the Most Generous and Kind ‫ ﺻ َّ  اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ  واٰﻟﻪ وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬said, ‘I had ٰ ُ َ َ َ َ prohibited you for visiting graves. Now do visit graves for it causes aversion from worldliness and reminds of the afterlife.’ (Sunan Ibn Mājaĥ, pp. 252, vol. 2, Ḥadīš 1571) If one intends to visit a Muslim’s grave (or Mausoleum of َّ َ ّ َ some beloved of Allah ‫ ,)ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬it is Mustaḥab for him to َ firstly offer two Rak’āt Nafl Ṣalāĥ (not in Makruĥ timings) at his home reciting Āyat-ul-Kursī once and Sūraĥ al-Ikhlāṣ thrice after Sūraĥ al-Fātiḥaĥ in each Rak’at and to donate it’s Šawāb to Ṣāḥib-e-Qabr (i.e. the buried person); Allah َّ َ ّ َ ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬will produce Nūr (light) in the grave of that deceased َ
28

2.

The Month of My Prophet

person and will reward this person (who donated Šawāb) abundantly. (Fatāwā ‘Ālamgīrī, pp. 350, vol. 5) 3. Don’t engage in futile talks while going to visit a mausoleum or a grave. (Fatāwā ‘Ālamgīrī, pp. 350, vol. 5) Enter the graveyard via that usual pathway where there had never been graves of Muslims before. Never use the newly carved pathway. It is quoted in Rad-dul-Muḥtār: Walking on a newly carved pathway (that has been built up by levelling the graves) is Ḥarām. (Rad-dul-Muḥtār, pp. 612, vol. 1) Even if there is only overwhelming suspicion regarding new pathway, it is impermissible and sinful to walk on that. (Dur-re-Mukhtār , pp. 183, vol. 3) It’s been observed at some mausoleums of beloveds of َّ َ ّ َ Allah ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬that the flooring is done by demolishing the َ graves of Muslims just to facilitate visitors. Walking, standing, lying down, seating for recitation (of Quran) and invocations etc. upon such floorings is Ḥarām. Recite Fātiḥaĥ remaining distant. Beholding the grave should be done whilst standing in َّ َ ّ َ front of the face of the beloved of Allah ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬and one َ should approach from foot side of him to remain in front of his vision; never approach from head side as he (the buried) would have to turn his head to look. (Fatāwā
Razawīyyaĥ, pp. 532, vol. 9) 29

4.

5.

6.

The Month of My Prophet

7.

Stand in the graveyard with back towards the Holy Qiblaĥ and facing the face of the buried and then invoke:

ُ َ ۡ ُ ‫ا َ م َ َ ۡ ُ ۡ َـ ا َ ۡ َ ا ۡ ُ ُ ۡ ر َ ۡ ِ ُ ا ُ َ َ و َ ُ ۡ ا َ ۡ ـ‬ َ ِ َ َۡ ۡ ُ َۡ ٌ َ ِ ‫َ َ ـ و‬
Translation Salutation be upon you all, O inhabitants of the graves, َّ َ َ َّ may Allah ‫ ﻋَﺰوﺟﻞ‬forgive us and you. You came (here) before us and we are about to come after you.
(Fatāwā ‘Ālamgīrī, pp. 350, vol. 5)

8.

One who invokes this on entering the graveyard:

ۡ ‫م ا ـ َة ِ ا ـ ۡ َ َ َ ـ‬ ِ ِ ِ َ ۡ َۡ ََ ‫ۡ َ رو ً ّ ِـ ۡ ِ ـدك‬ ِ

َ ۡ َ ِ ‫ِ وا‬ ۡ َۡ ٌ ِ ‫اد‬

َۡ َ َ ِ َ ۡ ‫ُ رب ا ۡ َ دِ ا‬ َ ِ ٔۡ ُ َ َ ِ ‫َ ا ۡ َ و‬ َ ِ َ ۡ ّ ِّ ً  َ ِ

َ ِ

‫ا‬

َ ‫و‬

Translation َّ َ َ َّ َّ َ َ ّ َ O Allah ‫ ﻋَﺰوﺟﻞ‬O the Rab ‫ ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬of decayed bodies and ruined bones! Send Your blessings and my salutation to those who departed from the world with faith (in You). Then, all the Muslims who have passed away till then َ َّ ِ َ since the time of Sayyidunā Ādam ‫ ﻋـﻠَﻴْـﻪ  اﻟـﺴـﻼم‬will pray for his forgiveness. (Muṣannaf Ibn Abī Shaybaĥ, pp. 15, vol. 10)
30

The Month of My Prophet

9.

ٖ ِ The Most Merciful Prophet ‫ ﺻ َّ  اﷲ ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ واٰﻟﻪ وﺳﻠَّﻢ‬said, ‘A person ٰ ُ َ ََ َ who enters the graveyard, then recites Sūraĥ al-Fātiḥaĥ, Sūraĥ al-Ikhlāṣ and Sūraĥ at-Takāšur and prays this َّ َ ّ َ supplication: ‘O Allah ‫ !ﻋﺰَوﺟﻞ‬Deliver the Šawāb of what I َ recited from the Holy Quran to the Muslim men and women of this graveyard; all those believers will become intercessor for him (who donated Šawāb) on the Day of Judgement.’ (Sharaḥ-us-Ṣudūr, p. 311)

It is quoted in a Ḥadīš: One who recites Sūraĥ al-Ikhlāṣ 11 times and donates its Šawāb to the dead, he (i.e. who conveys Šawāb) will be awarded Šawāb equivalent to the number of the dead. (Dur-re-Mukhtār, pp. 183, vol. 3) 10. Agarbattī (incense sticks) should not be lit upon the grave as it is a discourteous act and it causes discomfort to the corpse; however if it is desired to spread fragrance for the comfort of the visitors, it should be lit up beside the grave on free land, as perfuming is commendable. (Derived from
Fatāwā Razawīyyaĥ, pp. 525,582, vol. 9)

On another place, A’lā Ḥaḍrat ‫ رﲪﺔ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪ‬has stated: It is ٰ ِ ُ َْ َ quoted in Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim Sharīf through Sayyidunā ‘Amr bin ‘Āṣ ‫ ر ِ َ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋـﻨْﻪ‬that he advised his son at the time of ُ َ ٰ ُ َ death, ‘When I die, do not let any lamenting woman or any fire accompanying my funeral.’ (Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, pp. 75,
Ḥadīš 192) 31

The Month of My Prophet

11. Do not place lamp or incense sticks upon the grave for it is fire and placing fire upon grave teases the corpse; however if it is required for purpose of providing lighting to the passers-by, candle or lamp may be placed beside the grave on the free land. In order to learn thousands of Sunnaĥ, buy Part 16 of ‘Baĥār-e Sharī’at’ consisting of 312 pages and ‘Sunnatayn or Aadab’ comprising of 120 pages and read them. One of the best methods for learning Sunnaĥ is to travel in Madanī Qāfilah with the devotees of the Most Noble Prophet.

Give this Booklet to Someone Else after Reading it Yourself
Distribute booklets published by Maktaba-tul-Madīnaĥ during weddings, times of grief, Ijtimā’āt and other such occasion and earn reward. Make it a habit of keeping booklets in your shop to give to customers for free. Give booklets to the newspaper delivery person or to children and have them distributed in your neighbourhood. Give a new booklet each time and earn reward for inviting towards good.

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5 Madanī Pearls
Sayyīdunā ‘Abdullāĥ bin ‘Amr bin al-‘Āṣ ‫ ر ِ َ  اﷲ  ﺗَﻌَﺎﱃ  ﻋَﻨْﻪ‬has stated, ُ ٰ ُ َ ‘There are 5 such habits, that if someone adopts, he will become virtuous in the worldly life and in the afterlife: 1. ٰ َ ُ ٌ َُ ِ ‫  ا ِ َ ا ِ ا ُ د ر ُ ۡ ل ا‬From time to time, one should kept reciting it. Whenever he is afflicted with any calamity (e.g. if he becomes ill, suffers a loss, or if he hears worrying news), he should َ ُ َ َ ٓ َ َ ُ ََ َ َ َ ۡ َۡ َۡ invoke ‫ ا ِ ِ ِ و ا ِ ا ِ ۡ ِ را ِ ۡ ن‬and ِ ِ ‫. ۡ ل و ة ا ِ ِ ِ ا ِ ِّ ا‬ Whenever he receives a blessing, he should invoke َ ۡ َ ٰ ۡ ‫ا َ ۡ َ ۡ د ِ ِ رب ا‬ ّ َ ُ ِ to pay gratitude. ِ When commencing any (permissible) act, he should recite
ِِۡ ۡ ‫ا ِا ٰ ِ ا‬

2.

3.

4.

.

5.

َ ُ ََُ َۡ َ َۡ Whenever a sin gets committed, invoke ِ ۡ ِ ‫ا ۡ ِ ُ ا َ ا ِ ۡ َ وا ۡب ا‬ َّ َ َ َّ َ (seeking forgiveness from the Magnificent Rab ‫ ﻋﺰوﺟﻞ‬I turn to Him for repentance).
(Al-Munabbiĥāt, p. 57)

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For Security of the Home
ِ َ ِ Sayyīdunā Imām Fakhruddīn Rāzī ‫ ﻋـﻠَﻴْﻪ  رﺣـﻤﺔ  اﻟـﻠـﻪ  اﻟـۡﻘـﻮی‬says, ُ َ ْ َ ِ َ ِۡ ‫ا ِا ٰۡ ا‬ ‘Whoever writes ِ on the entrance door ِ (main gate) of his house gets secured from destruction, even if he is a disbeliever (only in this world). So how high would be the excellence of that Muslim who has inscribed it on his heart’s tablet forever!’ (Tafsīr Kabīr, pp.

152, vol. 1)

ٰ ‫ﺻ اﻟـﻠـﻪ ﺗﻌﺎ ٰ ﻋ ٰ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬

ۡ ْ ۡ ‫ﺻﻠﻮا ﻋ اﻟﺤﺒﻴﺐ‬

Spiritual Cure for Ending Enmity
ۡ ‫ا ِ ا ِٰ ا‬ is recited 786 times over water, and then the water is given to the opponent (i.e. enemy), َّ َ ّ ‫ اِن  ﺷ ﺂءَاﻟـﻠـﻪ ﻋَﺰَوﺟ ﻞ‬he will cease his enmity, and will begin to َ ْ َ love instead. If the same is served to a friend to drink, the friendship will become stronger. (Jannatī Zaīwar, p. 578) If ِ ۡ ِ

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