# Design of Reinforced Concrete Beam (short span

)

Beam - 1 Member # 14

Design Criteria:
fc= 21 MPa
fy = 275 MPa
d’ = 40 mm
L = 7 000 mm
β = 0.85
ϕ = 0.9
Compute for ρb
=

0.85

600
600

=

0.85
0.85 600
75 600
75

= 0.0 78

Compute for ρmax
= 0.75
= 0.75 0.0 7
= 0.0 84

Assume ρ =
=

0.0 84

= 0.0 4
=

=

0.0 4

75

= 0. 86

At left support (from STAAD Analysis):
Mu = 396.50 kN – m

Vu = 427.24 kN
Try 450 mm x 900 mm
d = h – (Cc + 12 + ∅ steel bar)
d = 900 – (40 + 12 + 18 )
d = 830 mm
=

0.59

Mc = 0.9(21) (450) (830)2(0.186) [1-0.59(0.186)]
= 970.20 kN – m ˃ 96.50 kN – m
(Single reinforced)

Compute for steel area required
As = ρbd
= 0.0 4

450 8 0

= 5303.7 mm2
Use 36 mm ∅
4

6

= 0 7.88

Determine the number of steel bars:
=

= 5.

6

Use 6 – 36 mm ∅ steel bars for top
Provide 2 – 25 mm ∅ steel bars for
anchorage

Check for shear:
Allowable Shear:
=

6

24 kN (Web reinforcement is needed) = = 4 7.= 450 8 0 6 = 285.0 √ 4 0. 7 = 121. 4 = 381. 9 75 8 0 = 8 .85 85.66 mm say 1300 mm . 9 6.88 0 7. = = 8 0 Smax = 415 mm say 410 mm Use 12 mm ∅ for anchorage spaced at 100 mm on center for stirrups Compute for the Development Length: = = = 0.88 75 = 1221.24 kN < 427.0 6 = 0 7. 4 0.40 kN = = = 4 = 6.40 6 0 Use maximum spacing: .85 .27 kN = 0.

5a d-c As T d' Es T=C Asfy = 0. Ld = 0. 8 0.62 mm From strain diagram: = 6 6.7 (275) = 0.85 (21) (450) a a = 181.6 = 0.Development Length Value: Min.58 mm = = 213.06 6 75 = 594 mm Use 594 mm development length Check if tension steel yields: b 0.00 = 0.85 5303.0087 = = 75 00 000 .06 = 0.00 .003 a d C c d-0.

7 mm2 Use 36 mm ∅ 4 6 = 0 7.= 0.59(0.20 kN – m ˃ 450.72 kN Try 450 mm x 900 mm d = h – (Cc + 12 + ∅ steel bar) d = 900 – (40 + 12 + 18 ) d = 830 mm = 0. 6 .0 4 450 8 0 = 5303.68 kN – m Vu = 442.68 kN – m (Single reinforced) Compute for steel area required As = ρbd = 0.186) [1-0.186)] = 970.59 Mc = 0.88 Determine the number of steel bars: = = 5.001375 ˃ (Tension steel yields) At right support (from STAAD Analysis): Mu = 450.9(21) (450) (830)2(0.

85 . 9 75 8 0 = 99.85 85.27 kN = 0. 9 6. = = 8 0 Smax = 415 mm say 410 mm Use 12 mm ∅ for anchorage spaced at 100 mm on center for stirrups .61 kN = = = 4 = 6. 4 = 399.6 0 Use maximum spacing: .7 0.24 kN < 442.72 kN (Web reinforcement is needed) = = 44 .Use 6 – 36 mm ∅ steel bars for top Provide 2 – 25 mm ∅ steel bars for anchorage Check for shear: Allowable Shear: = = 6 450 8 0 6 = 285. 7 = 121.

7 (275) = 0.58 mm = = 213.85 5303.06 = 0.88 75 = 1221.88 0 7.06 6 75 = 594 mm Use 594 mm development length Check if tension steel yields: b 0.0 √ 4 6 0.Compute for the Development Length: = = = 0.62 mm .85 (21) (450) a a = 181.66 mm say 1300 mm Development Length Value: Min. Ld = 0.5a d-c As T d' Es T=C Asfy = 0.003 a d C c d-0.0 = 0 7.

8 0.80 kN – m Try 450 mm x 900 mm d = h – (Cc + 10 + ∅ steel bar) = 900 – (40 + 12 + 18) = 830 mm Mc = ϕ 0.186)] = 970.00 .59(0.186) [1-0.0087 = = 75 00 000 = 0.59 Mc = 0.From strain diagram: = 6 6.001375 ˃ (Tension steel yields) At midspan (from STAAD Analysis): Mu = 211.9(21) (450) (830)2(0.6 = 0.7 mm2 Use 36 mm ∅ 450 8 0 .00 = 0.20 kN – m ˃ 211.80 kN – m (Single reinforced) Compute for steel area required As = ρbd = 0.0 4 = 5303.

88 0 7.88 Determine the number of steel bars: = = 5. 6 Use 6 – 36 mm ∅ steel bars for top Provide 2 – 25 mm ∅ steel bars for anchorage Compute for the Development Length: = 0.06 = 0. use 450mm x 900 mm .06 6 75 = 594mm Use 594 mm development length ∴ for Member #14.0 = 0 7. Ld = 0.88 75 = 1221 mm say 1300 mm Development Length Value: Min.0 √ Ab = = 6 0.4 6 = 0 7.

86 At left support (from STAAD Analysis): Mu = 390.98 kN Try 450 mm x 900 mm .9 Compute for ρb = 0.85 ϕ = 0.0 84 Assume ρ = = 0.0 4 75 = 0.23 kN – m Vu = 386.0 78 Compute for ρmax = 0.75 0.0 84 = 0.75 = 0.85 0.0 7 = 0.85 600 75 600 75 = 0.0 4 = = 0.Beam .85 600 = 600 0.2 Member # 19 Design Criteria: fc= 21 MPa fy = 275 MPa d’ = 40 mm L = 7 000 mm β = 0.

186)] = 970.23kN – m (Single reinforced) Compute for steel area required As = ρbd = 0.27 kN .186) [1-0.7 mm2 Use 36 mm ∅ 6 4 = 0 7. 6 Use 6 – 36 mm ∅ steel bars for top Provide 2 – 25 mm ∅ steel bars for anchorage Check for shear: Allowable Shear: = = 6 6 450 8 0 = 285.59 Mc = 0.d = h – (Cc + 12 + ∅ steel bar) d = 900 – (40 + 12 + 18 ) d = 830 mm = 0.9(21) (450) (830)2(0.88 Determine the number of steel bars: = = 5.59(0.20 kN – m ˃ 90.0 4 450 8 0 = 5303.

98 50 Use maximum spacing: . 7 = 121.06 = 0. = = 8 0 Smax = 415 mm say 410 mm Use 12 mm ∅ for anchorage spaced at 100 mm on center for stirrups Compute for the Development Length: = = = 0. 4 = 333. 9 75 8 0 = 55 .66 mm say 1300 mm Development Length Value: Min.98 kN (Web reinforcement is needed) = 86.88 75 = 1221.0 √ 4 0.88 0 7.24 kN < 386. Ld = 0.85 = .98 0.85 85.= 0.0 6 = 0 7.98 kN = = = 4 6.06 6 75 . 9 = 6.

85 5303.62 mm From strain diagram: = 6 6.6 = 0.00 .58 mm = = 213.7 (275) = 0.= 594 mm Use 594 mm development length Check if tension steel yields: b 0.00 = 0.85 (21) (450) a a = 181.003 a d C c d-0. 8 0.001375 ˃ (Tension steel yields) .5a d-c As T d' Es T=C Asfy = 0.0087 = = 75 00 000 = 0.

44 kN – m Vu = 441.At right support (from STAAD Analysis): Mu = 580.7 mm2 Use 36 mm ∅ 4 6 = 0 7.59(0. 6 Use 6 – 36 mm ∅ steel bars for top Provide 2 – 25 mm ∅ steel bars for anchorage .20 kN – m ˃ 580.33 kN Try 450 mm x 900 mm d = h – (Cc + 12 + ∅ steel bar) d = 900 – (40 + 12 + 18 ) d = 830 mm = 0.59 Mc = 0.186)] = 970.44 kN – m (Single reinforced) Compute for steel area required As = ρbd = 0.0 4 450 8 0 = 5303.88 Determine the number of steel bars: = = 5.9(21) (450) (830)2(0.186) [1-0.

02 kN = = = 4 = 6.24 kN < 441. 9 75 8 0 = 98.88 .33 kN (Web reinforcement is needed) = = 44 .Check for shear: Allowable Shear: = = 6 450 8 0 6 = 285.0 0 Use maximum spacing: . 9 6. = = 8 0 Smax = 415 mm say 410 mm Use 12 mm ∅ for anchorage spaced at 100 mm on center for stirrups Compute for the Development Length: = = 0.85 85. 0.85 .27 kN = 0. 4 = 398.0 √ 4 6 = 0 7. 7 = 121.

5a d-c As T d' Es T=C Asfy = 0.62 mm From strain diagram: = 6 6.88 75 = 1221.7 (275) = 0.6 .58 mm = = 213.06 6 75 = 594 mm Use 594 mm development length Check if tension steel yields: b 0. Ld = 0. 8 0.85 5303.00 .85 (21) (450) a a = 181.0 0 7.= 0.003 a d C c d-0.66 mm say 1300 mm Development Length Value: Min.00 = 0.06 = 0.

6 .68 kN – m Try 450 mm x 900 mm d = h – (Cc + 10 + ∅ steel bar) = 900 – (40 + 12 + 18) = 830 mm Mc = ϕ 0.88 Determine the number of steel bars: = = 5.186)] = 970.20 kN – m ˃ 242.68 kN – m (Single reinforced) Compute for steel area required As = ρbd = 0.0087 = = 75 00 000 = 0.9(21) (450) (830)2(0.59(0.59 Mc = 0.7 mm2 Use 36 mm ∅ 4 6 = 0 7.001375 ˃ (Tension steel yields) At midspan (from STAAD Analysis): Mu = 242.0 4 450 8 0 = 5303.= 0.186) [1-0.

Ld = 0.Use 6 – 36 mm ∅ steel bars for top Provide 2 – 25 mm ∅ steel bars for anchorage Compute for the Development Length: = 0.0 = 0 7.88 75 = 1221 mm say 1300 mm Development Length Value: Min.0 √ Ab = = 6 0.88 0 7.06 6 75 = 594mm Use 594 mm development length ∴ for Member #19. use 450mm x 900 mm .06 = 0.

0 84 = 0.92 kN Try 450 mm x 900 mm .0 4 75 = 0.0 7 = 0.3 Member # 31 Design Criteria: fc= 21 MPa fy = 275 MPa d’ = 40 mm L = 7 000 mm β = 0.0 78 Compute for ρmax = 0.85 600 75 600 75 = 0.85 0.0 84 Assume ρ = = 0.64 kN – m Vu = 627.9 Compute for ρb = 0.85 ϕ = 0.75 = 0.85 600 = 600 0.0 4 = = 0. 86 At left support (from STAAD Analysis): Mu = 715.Beam .75 0.

6 Use 6 – 36 mm ∅ steel bars for top Provide 2 – 25 mm ∅ steel bars for anchorage Check for shear: Allowable Shear: = = 6 6 450 8 0 = 285.27 kN .7 mm2 Use 36 mm ∅ 6 4 = 0 7.20 kN – m ˃ 715.59(0.9(21) (450) (830)2(0.186) [1-0.59 Mc = 0.64 kN – m (Single reinforced) Compute for steel area required As = ρbd = 0.0 4 450 8 0 = 5303.d = h – (Cc + 12 + ∅ steel bar) d = 900 – (40 + 12 + 18 ) d = 830 mm = 0.88 Determine the number of steel bars: = = 5.186)] = 970.

88 0 7.0 √ 4 0.24 kN < 627.52 kN = = = 4 6.85 .9 0. = = 8 0 Smax = 415 mm say 410 mm Use 12 mm ∅ for anchorage spaced at 100 mm on center for stirrups Compute for the Development Length: = = = 0.5 = 80 Use maximum spacing: . 7 = 121.= 0.66 mm say 1300 mm Development Length Value: Min. 9 75 8 0 = 84 6 7.06 6 75 . 4 = 617. 9 6.88 75 = 1221.92 kN (Web reinforcement is needed) = = 6 7.85 85.0 6 = 0 7. Ld = 0.06 = 0.

00 .85 5303. 8 0.6 = 0.0087 = = 75 00 000 = 0.00 = 0.62 mm From strain diagram: = 6 6.58 mm = = 213.5a d-c As T d' Es T=C Asfy = 0.85 (21) (450) a a = 181.= 594 mm Use 594 mm development length Check if tension steel yields: b 0.001375 ˃ (Tension steel yields) .7 (275) = 0.003 a d C c d-0.

20 kN – m ˃ 764.186) [1-0.45 kN – m Vu = 641.45 kN – m (Single reinforced) Compute for steel area required As = ρbd = 0.59(0.59 Mc = 0.0 4 450 8 0 = 5303.88 Determine the number of steel bars: = = 5.186)] = 970.At right support (from STAAD Analysis): Mu = 764.9(21) (450) (830)2(0. 6 Use 6 – 36 mm ∅ steel bars for top Provide 2 – 25 mm ∅ steel bars for anchorage .7 mm2 Use 36 mm ∅ 4 6 = 0 7.87 kN Try 450 mm x 900 mm d = h – (Cc + 12 + ∅ steel bar) d = 900 – (40 + 12 + 18 ) d = 830 mm = 0.

24 kN < 641.87 kN (Web reinforcement is needed) = = 64 . 7 = 121.85 85.27 kN = 0.87 kN = = = 4 = 6.87 0. 9 6 6.Check for shear: Allowable Shear: = = 6 450 8 0 6 = 285.88 .87 80 Use maximum spacing: .85 . = = 8 0 Smax = 415 mm say 410 mm Use 12 mm ∅ for anchorage spaced at 100 mm on center for stirrups Compute for the Development Length: = = 0.0 √ 4 6 = 0 7. 4 = 633. 9 75 8 0 =8 .

6 .7 (275) = 0.62 mm From strain diagram: = 6 6.003 a d C c d-0.66 mm say 1300 mm Development Length Value: Min.58 mm = = 213.88 75 = 1221.06 = 0.00 . 8 0.= 0.0 0 7. Ld = 0.00 = 0.06 6 75 = 594 mm Use 594 mm development length Check if tension steel yields: b 0.85 5303.85 (21) (450) a a = 181.5a d-c As T d' Es T=C Asfy = 0.

9(21) (450) (830)2(0.02 kN – m (Single reinforced) Compute for steel area required As = ρbd = 0.02 kN – m Try 450 mm x 900 mm d = h – (Cc + 10 + ∅ steel bar) = 900 – (40 + 12 + 18) = 830 mm Mc = ϕ 0.7 mm2 Use 36 mm ∅ 4 6 = 0 7.001375 ˃ (Tension steel yields) At midspan (from STAAD Analysis): Mu = 370.59(0. 6 .0 4 450 8 0 = 5303.88 Determine the number of steel bars: = = 5.186)] = 970.= 0.20 kN – m ˃ 370.186) [1-0.0087 = = 75 00 000 = 0.59 Mc = 0.

06 = 0.0 = 0 7.88 0 7.88 75 = 1221 mm say 1300 mm Development Length Value: Min.0 √ Ab = = 6 0. use 450mm x 900 mm . Ld = 0.Use 6 – 36 mm ∅ steel bars for top Provide 2 – 25 mm ∅ steel bars for anchorage Compute for the Development Length: = 0.06 6 75 = 594mm Use 594 mm development length ∴ for Member #31.