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ROBIN AMERICA, INC. ROBIN TO WISCONSIN ROBIN ENGINE MODEL CROSS REFERENCE LIST ROBIN
EY15 EY 15V EY20 EY2OV EY23 EY28 EY3 5 EY40 EY45V EY2 1 EY44 EY 18-3 EY25 EY27 W 1-080 W1-145 W1-145V W1-185 W1-185V W1-230 W 1-280 W 1-340 W 1-390 Wl-45OV EY21W EY44W EY18-3W EY25W EY27W
EH11 EH12 WO1-115 wo1-120 WO1-150 WO1-170 wo1-210 WOl-250 WO 1-300 WO1-300V WO1-340 WO 1-340V WO 1-43V O TWO CYCLE EC13V WT1-125V
EH17 EH21 EH25 EH30 EH30V EH34 EH34V EH43V
DY23 DY27 DY30 DY35 DY4 1
WRD 1-230 WRD 1-270
-1-300 WRD1-350 WRD1-410
1 1 SPEClFlCATlONS ............................................................................ PERFORMANCE ............................................................................4 2. 2-1 Maximum Output ....................................................................... 4 2-2 Continuous Rated Output .............................................................. 4 2-3 M ~ ....................................................................... ~ ~ ~ ~ 4
................................................................................... 4 . GENERAL DESCRlPTlON OF ENGINE COMPONENTS ............................
4-1 4-2 4-3 4-4 4-5 4-6 4-7 4-8 4-9 4-10 4-1 1 4-12 4-1 3 4-1 4 4-15
performance curves ................................................................... 5
13-1 13-2 13-3 13-4 13-5 13-6 13-7
Torque Direction of Rotation Cooling system Valve Arrangement Lubrication Lubricant Capacity of Lubricant Carburetor Fuel Fuel Consumption Rate Fuel Feed System Fuel Tank Capacity Ignition System Spark Plug Charging Capacity Starting System Speed Reduction Governor System 2.) 366mm (14. SPECIFICATIONS ~~ ~~ ~ EH12 Model TY Pe Bore X Stroke Piston Displacement Compression Ratio Continuous output EH12B EH12DS EH12BS EH12D Air-Cooled.99in.5/3000 HP/rprn 2.85in.1 .) 345mm (13.41 in.T. Gasoline Engine 60 X 43 mm (2.5kg (31.) 301 rnm (11.85in.5 4.) 301 mm(11. Shaft Side Forced Air Cooling Overhead Valve Splash Type Automobile Oil SAE #20.) 330rnm (12.0/2000 HP/rpm 2.1 - .6 liters (0.8/1800 HP/rpm 1.) 345mm (13.) Dry Weight Length Dimensions Width Height 303mm (11.41 in.91b.95 U.38 cu.41 in.58in.36 X 1.6 liters (0.S.) 366mm (14.57 in. Max.T. gal.) 16.S.) 8. Shaft. gal.0kg (37.4Ib.0 /4000 HP/rpm Max.41 in.) 12V.1.) .813600 HP/rpm 0.O.) 17.5kg (36.3A Starter and Electric Recoil 2 1 Cam Shaft Drive Centrifugal Flyweight System 14.1.93in.0kg (30.76/2600 kg*m/rpm Counterclockwise As Viewd From P. 4-Cycle.) 366mm (14. Float Type Automobile Gasoline 230 gr/HP-h At Continuous Rated Output Gravity Type 3.99in.8Ib. Single-Cylinder.5/1500 HP/rpm 2.58in.) 366mm (14.) Horizontal Draft.O.) 303mm (11.) 330mm (12.93in.) Flywheel Magneto (Solid State) NGK B6HS i Recoil Starter 12V. #30 or 1OW-30 0. 3 ~ Recoil and Electric Starter 1 Recoil Starter 1 14.3Ib.in.52/ 1300 kgm/rpm 4.) 121 cc (7.16 U. Horizontal P.
17 U.) 380rnrn (14.O.0/2000 HP/rprn 3.09 /2600 kg*m/rpm Counterclockwise As Viewd From P.93 in.40in. gal.T.) .3A Starter and Electric Recoil 2:l Cam Shaft Drive Centrifugal Flyweight System 16.) 8.O.5 6. Shaft.) I 18.96in.) 330mm (12.) 380mrn (14.) 330mrn (12.21 in. - Length Dimensions Width Height 315rnrn (12.32in.1.in.5 kg (34. #30 or 1OW-30 0.95 U.96in.0/4000 HP/rpm I 3.7 Ib. Shaft Side Forced Air Cooling Overhead Valve Splash Type Automobile Oil SAE #20.) .5 13000 HP/rpm 4.6 liters (0.S.) Flywheel Magneto (Solid State) NGK B6HS - 12V .) 380mm (14.) 380rnm (14. Torque Direction of Rotation Cooling system Valve Arrangement Lubrication Lubricant Capacity of Lubricant Carburetor Fuel Fuel Consumption Rate Fuel Feed System Fuel Tank Capacity Ignition System Spark Plug Charging Capacity Starting System Speed Reduction Governor System Dry Weight ~~~~ Model EH17 Air-Cooled.5 kg (40.) Horizontal Draft. Horizontal P.5 / 1500 HP/rpm 4.3A Recoil and Electric Starter I I - Recoil Starter Recoil Starter 1 I 12V .) 361 mm (14.1Ib.0 kg (39.2 Ib.) 313mrn (12.EH17DS EH17D EH17BS EH17B TY Pe Bore X Stroke Piston Displacement Compression Ratio Continuous output Max. gal.64 X 1.6 Ib.) I 15.99in.) ~~ - 1 18.4Gin.0/3600 W r p m 1.1.21 in. Gasoline Engine 67 X 49 mrn (2. Single-Cylinder.S.0 kg (35.96in. 4-Cycle.50 cu.) 313mrn(l2.0 / 1800 HP/rpm 2. Float Type Automobile Gasoline 230 gr/ HP-h At Continuous Rated Output Gravity Type 3.) 315mm (12.T.) 172 cc (10.32in.1 8 / 1300 kgm/rpm 6.2 - .65 liters (0.9Sin.99in.) 361 rnm (14.
94in.) 8. Max. #30 or 1OW-30 1.O.) 360rnm (14.24 in.5/3000 HP/rpm 6. gal. 4-Cycle.0 kg (52.26 U.) 440mm (17.3A Recoil and Electric Starter ~~~ ~~ 12V .5 8. gal.) 385mm (15. Shaft Side Forced Air Cooling Overhead Valve Splash Type Automobile Oil SAE #20.411800 HP/rpm Model I Et125 1 Air-Cooled.32in. Gasoline Engine 75 X 57 mm (2.) Width Height 3 8 5 m m (15.T.32in.) 440mm (17.) I- . Torque Direction of Rotation Cooling system Valve Arrangement Lubrication Lubricant Capacity of Lubricant Carburetor Fuel Fuel Consumption Rate Fuel Feed System Fuel Tank Capacity Ignition System Spark Plug Charging Capacity Starting System Speed Reduction Governor System Dry Weight 24.1.) 360mrn (14.4/3600 HP/rpm 1.5/2000 HP/rpm 5.9 Ib.) Horizontal Draft.T.17in.S. Shaft.1.6 kg Ib.) 24.3 - .7 Ib.O.32in.17in.) Flywheel Magneto (Solid State) NGK B6HS Recoil Starter 12V .15in.5 Length Dimensions 3.5 kg (62.31 cu.94in.3A ~~ ~~_____ Recoil Starter Recoil and Electric 2:l Cam Shaft Drive Centrifugal Flyweight System kg (53.O liters (0.69 / 2600 kg-mlrpm Max.) 28.in.5/4000 HP/rprn 5. Single-Cylinder.0(61.0 liters (159 U S .17in. Horizontal P.EH25DS EH25D EH25BS EH25B T Pe Y Bore X Stroke Piston Displacement Compression Ratio Continuous Output 8.5/1500 HP/rpm 6.) - 28.) 440rnm (17.) 405mm (15.8 Ib.95 x 2.) 405mrn (15.32in. Float Type Automobile Gasoline 230 gr/HP-h At Continuous Rated Output Gravity Type 6.) 251 cc (15.) 360mm(l4.) 360rnm (14.17in.38 I 1 300 kgWrpm Counterclockwise As Viewd From P.15in.) 440mm (17.
2-1 MAXIMUM OUTPUT A. i t is recommended that thecontinuousoutput When the engine is installed on acertainequipment. 2-3MAXIMUM TORQUE The maximum torque is the torque at the output shaft when the engine is producing maximum output at certain revolution. A new engine may not produce full maximum output while its moving parts are still not broken-in.4 - . The maximum output is the output of an engine with its throttle valve fully opened under the condition that all the moving parts are properly worn in after the initial break-in period. required from the engine be kept below this continuous rated output. 2-2 CONTINUOUS RATED OUTPUT Thecontinuous rated output is theoutput of an engine at optimum governedspeedwhich is most favorable from the view point of engine’s life and fuel consumption. .2 PERFORMANCE .
.6 (1. B ( ) for B type 1 0.m.2-4 PERFORMANCE CURVES 0 EH12D.98 KW) 3.s r.6) 0.37KW) 2000 (1 000) 3000 (1500) REVOLUTION .4) MAXIMUM TORQUE kg-m W t I I 0.8 (1.75 KW) CONTINUOUS RETED HP \ RECOMMENDED HORSEPOWER RANGE 0.0 (2.5 (1.2) 0 4.5 (0.5 (2.p.24 KW) 2.0 (1.49 KW) 1.87 KW) 2.5 (1.o (0.61 KW) I- 3.) 4000 (2000) i f -5- .7 (1.21 KW) 1.0 (2.
- - 6 - .0 EHf7D.m. B n ( . B type " kg-m 1. 6 CT 0 I - Y CoNTiNuous R E T E 0 HP RECOMMENDED HORSEPOWER \ RANGE 1 REVOLUTION " + r.0) t I I W 0 9 (1.2) 1-00 (2. ) for .I 0 .p.(2.8) .
6 -7- .0 EH25D.
(See Fig. 4-1 G -K IR " " " " ~ CENTERING i OILGAUGE OIL GAUGE /" . GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF ENGINE COMPONENTS 4-1 CYLINDER AND CRANKCASE The cylinder crankcase and is single piece alum i n u m diecasting. The crankcase has 21 mounting surface on the output shaft side. is molded i n t o the aluminum casting. F. cylinder The liner. 4-2 -8- . light weight and ideal combustioncharacteristics resulting in more power from less fuel and prolonged engine life. The overheadvalve design offersacompactness. A crossflow arrangement of intake and exhaust ports ensures stable performance under high ambient temperature.) Fig. 2. where the main bearing cover is attached. An optimum lubrication and better tilted operation thanks to upright cylinder design. Combustion and mechanical noises have been carefully reviewed for better tonal quality and lower cnginc noise.3 FEATURES . 4. 1. 6. 3. made of special cast iron. An easy operation thanks to integrated engine control system. Fig. 5. 4. 4-1 . 7 . EH25 engine equips sjnglc through-balancer shaft. The automatic decompressiom system lightens the pull recoil force by 40% comparing to the conventional S V engines. Optimally designed reciprocating parts reduce the vibration level of the engine.
(See Fig.) Fig. 4-4 4-5 PISTONRINGS The Piston rings are made of special cast iron. 4-3. (See Fig. The profile of the top ring is barrel face and the second ring has a tapered face with an under-cut. -- TOP RING SECOND RIN( OIL RING r -9- . Theoutputend of the shaft has a crankshaft gear. The piston is analuminum alloycasting.4-3 CRANKSHAFT 0 The crankshaft is forged carbon and steel.) I B TYPE 1 Fig. and balancer gear for EH25 which are pressed into position. 4-3 D TYPE 4-4 CONNECTtNG ROD AND PISTON The connecting rod is forged aluminum alloy.andcarries two compression rings and one oil ring. the crank pin is induction-hardened. The oilringconsists of a cutter ring and a coil expander for better sealing and less oil consumption. and its large and small ends function as bearings. 4-4.
4-8 - 10 - .) Fig. ‘I’hc cylindcr bafflc leads cooling air to the exhaust valvc arca f o r the optimum cooling. K C . 4-13. ‘I’hc camshaft for the B-type engine is made of forged carbon stcel and also functions as PTO shaft. (See Fig. The cam gear is pressfitted on the shaft and the ball bearings arc employed on both sides for supporting the shaft. (See Fig.) I B TYPE I I Fig.) h . Fig. (See Fig. Both sides o f the shaft fit into the plane bearings on the crankcase and main bearing cover. 4-7 4-8 CYLINDER HEAD ‘I’hc cylindcr hcad is a11 aluminurn die casting which utilizcs wcdgc type combustion chamber for thc highcst combusl. 4-7.4-6 CAMSHAFT ‘I’he camshaft for the D-type engine is made of special cast iron and camshaft gears casted are togcther in one piece. ‘I’hc hard alloy v a l v c seats are molded i n the cylinder head andstcllite is fused lo the exhaust valvc f .llve is located on flywheel side of the cylinder hcad. 4-6.ion cli‘icicncy. 4-6 D li’PE 4-7 VALVE ARRANGEMENT ‘I’he intake v.
4-9 GOVERNOR SYSTEM The governor is a centrifugal flyweight type which ensuresconstantoperation at theselectedspeed against load variations. 4-10. 4-9 4-10 COOLING SYSTEM The large fins on the flywheel provide sufficient cooling air capacity for cylinder. The governorgear with governorweightsis installed on the main bearing cover. The cylinder baffle helpsthe cooling air flow efficiently. (See Fig. (See Fig.) I OIL SCRAPER Fig.) / GOVERNOR GEAR Fig.11 - . 4-9. the inlet and exhaust area and 4-11 LUBRICATION All the rotating and sliding are parts splashlubricated by the oil scraper on the connecting rod. 4-10 1 ‘ .
For datails.1 I 4-13 CARBURETOR The enginesareequippedwith a horizontal draft carburetor that has a float controlled fuel system and a fixed main jcl.) 4-14 AIR CLEANER ‘I’hc air clcancr is a single urcthine foam element system. (See Fig.) COVER _ _.13-2 /” ~. 4-12. section 8. good acceleration. “CAKBUKE‘I’OR”. 4. Single element type ” Double element type Fig. see page 47. low fuel consumption and sufficient output. The carburetors are calibratedcarefully for easy starting. (See Fig. (SCC Fig.13-1 - 12 - . This system has an ignition timing advance for easy starting.) Fig. 4-13-1 and 4-13-2. heavy duty type with a double elemcnI type is available. As an option. 4-1 1. 4.~ ~ Fig. 4.4-12 IGNITION SYSTEM The ignition system is a transistor controlled of a flymagneto ignition systemwhichcosists wheel and a n ignition coil with a built in transistor.
4-15 SECTIONAL VIEW OF ENGINE FUEL TANK / I II + . PISTON FLYWHEEL / I MAIN BEARING COVER - 13 - .
ROCKER ARM I L - 14 - .
is critical to the performance and life expectancy of the engine.Cleanthemthoroughlywithwashingoil before the reassembly.07 Market parts For pulling off the flywheel EH12 FLYWHEEL PULLER FLYWHEEL PULLER - 15 - .95004. Tool Flywheel puller with bolt Flywheel puller Use For pulling off the flywheel Eli17. 5-1 CAUTIONS 1) Because some mating with parts wear surfaces were machined together when the engine was manifactured. nicked. 2) Crankshaft and camshaft bearings should be cleaned and inspected. 4) Use correct tools in the proper way The use of non-specified tools could cause permanent damage to the engine or components. Remove bearings that are pitted. 3) Keepcleanandhandlecarefullythedisassembledparts. or have established wear patterns during operation.EH25 209. the reassembly of engine parts. and removed only if they appear or to be damaged or excessively worn.5. discolored. MARK AND SORT ALL PARTS SO THAT THEY WILL BE DISASSEMBLED AND INSTALLED IN THEIR ORIGINAL POSITIONS. 5-2 SPECIAL TOOLS Tool No. burred. that rotate roughly or noisily.
5-2 DRAIN PLUG I - 16 - . 14mm box wrench GASKET Fig. remove oil gauge. (2) ‘To discharge oil quickly.5-3 DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURES Step Part to remove Procedures Remarks Tool I Oil drain ( I ) Remove oil drain plug and drain oil. Be careful not to lose the gasket.
(EH25) ..(EH12.-.. and carburetor.17) M8X20mm bolt 4pcs. (EH12..17- . M6X14rnm bolt 4pcs. socket wrench M6 BOLT : 4 pcs. lOrnrn (1 2mm) . (2) Disconnect fuel hose between fuel strainer thoroughly. ( 3 ) Remove fuel tank from cylinder head.(EH25) FUEL HOSE .17) ME BOLT : 4 pcs..step Part to remove Procedures Remarks Tool 2 Fuel tank Wipe off spilt fuel (1) Close fuel valve.
5 ( 1 ) Remove oil sensor probe.. .18- . Be careful not to damage stick and sensor since these are sensitive and an erratic operation may result. Fig. M 6 X I 2 m m flange bolt 4pcs. .e -. a - lOmm box wrench lOmm box wrench 4 ( I ) Remove blower housing from crankcase. M6 X8mm flange bolt 4pcs. 5-4 .I Step Part to remove I 1 Procedures ~~ I Remarks Tool 3 Recoil starter Blower housing Oil scnsor (Option) ( I ) Remove recoil from blower housing.
. IOmm.Step 'art to removc Procedures Remarks Tool 6 Muffler cover Muffler and Muffler bracket (1) Remove muffler cover.. (EH12. M8 flange nut 2pcs. . 2pcs. (1) Remove manifold cover from manifold.. ( 3 ) Remove muffler bracket from crankcase. (EH12. . M 5 x lOmm flange bolt muffler gasket..17) M8X16mmflangebolt lpc. (EH25) (2) Remove muffler from exhaust manifold. Be careful not to lose muffler gasket... (2) Remove manifold from cylinder head. (EH25) . M6X 12mmflangebolt lpc.. lOmm and 12mm socket wrench -- e.. M8 flange nut -.19 - .17) M5 X lOmm flange bolt 4pcs... -- 8mm.. M6X8mm flange bolt Ipc.... 12mmsocket wrench . 7 Exhaust manifold and Manifold cover Be careful not to lose 3pcs..
(4) Loosen two flange bolts and remove Fastened together with fuel tank. M8 flange bolt 2pcs. (3) Remove control box. M 8 FLANGE BOLT : 2 pcs. 1 (diode rectifier ) blue light blue I (diode rectifier ) black I (magnetic switch) (2) Remove black wires from electric starter. 5-6 ./ ELECTRIC STARTER Fig.Step Part to remove Procedures Remarks Tool a Control box and Electric starter (Option) ( I ) Disconnect wires.20 - . \ /’ . 12mm socket wrench electric starter.
(2) Remove cleaner case.2pcs. Fastened together with carburetor.Step to remove Part I I Procedures ~~~~ Remarks Tool 9 10 Head cover Air cleaner ( 1 ) Remove head cover from crankcase. M6x 12mrn flange bolt Ipc.cleaner element and element retainer. 5-7 - 21 - . M6 flange nut -.. -. 1Omm socket wrench GASKET CLEANER CASE Fig.-- I Ornm socket wrench (1) Removecleanercover.
(EH25) (INSULATOR) FRICTION PLATE SPEED CONTROL LEVER A . .\ - ROD SPRING GOVERNOR LEVER .Step Part to remove I 11 Procedures Remarks Tool Governor lever.22 - . M6X30mmflangebolt --. 5-8 .17) M6 FLANGE BOLT : 1 pc(EH12.a Bolt and washer on governor lever only needs to be loosened. Governor rod and Governor spring 12 13 Carburetor ~ I ~~ governor spring from speed control lever.. I lOmm socket wrench lOmm. M6 flange nut 2pcs. ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ M6 FLANGE BOLT : 1 PC.--~ * * a . ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ I Be careful not to lose insulator and gasket. lpc. ( 1 ) Unhook . friction plate and speed control lever. 14 - ( I ) Remove intake manifold from cylinder head.. M6X30mm bolt and washer Ipc. Fig. ’ M6 BOLT and WASHER : 1 PC..17) M8x28rnm bolt and washer ~ P C S (EH25) .17) GASKET M6 BOLT and WASHER : 3 pcs... (EH12.17) M6X25mmflangebolt. (2) Remove governor lever from governor shaft. lpc. 12mm socket wrench I Speed control lever I n take manifold ( 1 ) Remove stop plate. (EH12. lOmm socket wrench ( 1 ) Remove carburetor from intake manifold. a / /“I”. governor rod and rod spring from carburetor.. M6 FLANGENUT : 2 pcs(EH12. (3) Detach governor lever. 9 - STOP PLATE .
-.5) 19mm (EH12. hammer. -- ~~ ~~ 16 Flywheel (1) Remove flywheel from crankshaft. (EH12. Use flywheel puller as illustrated below.EH17) 18mm nut lpc. (See Fig. 5-10 Fig. 5-9 FLYWHEEL Fig. 17 1 I (2) Remove key from crankshaft. (See Fig.Procedures Remarks Tool 15 Starter pulley (1) Remove starter pulley from flywheel. 5-12 . 5-9.) (1) Remove charge coil. w Fig.23 - .> Flywheel puller Charge coil (Option) M6 X 20mm Screw 2pcs. 5-1 1. (EH25) M6 X 14mm flange bolt 1pc. Do not place bar or screw Place socketwrench on flywheel fastening driver in flywheel fin to nut and strike tip of the lever with loosen flywheel nut. Refer to the illustration below. (EH2.17) 24mm (EH25) socket wrench -. 5-10.) 14mm nut lpc. (See Fig.
Step Part to remove
- - -.2pcs.
( I ) Disconnect ignition plug cap and remove
ignition coil from crankcase. M6 X 25rnm bolt and washer
1 Omrn socket wrench
Spark plug Breather
( I ) Remove spark plug from cylinder head.
21 rnrn socket wrench
2pcs. (2) Remove gasket (breather cover), breather plate and gasket (breather plate).
( 1 ) Remove breather cover.
M6 X 20mm flange bolt
1 Ornrn socket wrench
M6 BOLT and WASHER : 2 pcs.
GASKET (BREATHER COVER) BREATHER COVER
M6 FLANGE BOLT : 2
Step Part to remove
(1) Remove rocker cover from cylinder head.
M6X flange 12mm bolt 4pcs. ( 2 ) Remove gasket. (rocker cover) Cylinder head
(1) Remove cylinder head from crankcase. M8X65mm flange bolt 4pcs.
lOmm socket wrench
(EH12,17) MlOX75mmflange bolt.... 4pcs. (EH25) (2) Detach cylinder head gasket from cylinder head. ( 3 ) Remove push rods.
M6 FLANGE BOLT : 4 pcs.
Step Part to remove
Main bearing cover
( I ) Remove bearing fastening main cover
bolts. M6X30mm bolt and washer
M 8 X 30mm bolt and
Be careful not to damage IOmrn, 12rnrn socket wrench oil seal. 8pcs. 8pcs.
. - - e
Remove main bearing cover using plastic hammer. (See Fig. 5-15)
Step Part to remove
Cam shaft add ( I ) Remove cam shaft from crankshaft. Balancer shaft (2) Remove balancer shaft. (EH25 only) (EH25 only) Tappet
(1) Remove from tappetscrankcase.
To prevent tappetsfrom gettingdamaged, put the crankcase upside down. (See Fig. 5- 17.)
Put a tag on tappets to identify intake and
- 27 -
(3) Removeconnecting rod fromupperside of crankcaseafter rotating crankshaft so that piston comes up to top dead center... smaller end of connecting rod. (EH25) M8X46mm flange bolt (2) Remove connecting rod cap. Procedures .. (2) Remove piston from connecting rod.. ( 3 ) Remove piston rings from piston.. M6 FLANGE BOLT : 2 pcs. . ---- lOmm socket wrench . 26 Connecting rod and Piston ( 1 ) Remove connecting rod bolt after scraping off carbon from cylinder head and piston.2pcs.. ..Step Part to remove .. . (EH 12) 2pcs. 27 Piston and Piston riugs ( I ) Remove clips and piston pin. . (EH12) M7 FLANGE BOLT : 2 pcs. . Do not damage the. 5-19 - 28 - . M6 X 34mm flange bolt 2pcs. . . Do not expand or twist piston rings. Tool .. Remarks . (EH25) Fig. " . . (EH17) M7X37mm flange bolt --. (EH17) M8 FLANGE BOLT : 2 pcs..
5-20 CRANKSHAFT (D type) fg 5-21 i .Step Part to remove Procedures Remarks Tool 28 Crankshaft ( I ) Remove crankshaft tapping flywheel end. Fig. . at the Be careful not to damage oil seal.29 - .
(See Fig. 5-23 . (4)Press down spring retainer and slide it to releasefrom the groove of valvestem.) Inspect valves. (See Fig. Do not remove valve guides unless they are worn beyond the limit shown in page 57. then remove spring retainer and valve spring (5) Remove intake and exhaust valve. (2) Pull out rocker arm shaft from the intake side of the cylinder head. 5-22.Step Part to remove Procedures ~~~~ Remarks " Tool 29 Intake valve and Exhaust valve ( 1 ) Loosen adjusting screw on rocker arms.) (3) Remove arms rocker after removing rocker shaft.30 - . SCREW ROCKER ARM DCS. valve seats and guide. 5-23. ROCKER SHAFT SPRING RETAINER VALVE SPRING INTAKE VALVE I II Fig. 5-24 I \ Fig.
2)Scrape off all carbon deposits from cylinder head.. etc.31 - . piston top and piston ring grooves.) I the not the top Fig. thensecondringand OPEN ENDS OF PISTON RING top ring. Replace oil seal if the lip is damaged. 5-27 .) Install the top ring and the second ring with punched mark “N” beside the gap on the side.) (2) Install woodruff key for the flywheel on crankshaft. Fig. if necessary. connecting rod and bearings. pins.5-4 REASSEMBLYPROCEDURES 0 PRECAUTIONS FOR REASSEMBLY 1)Clean parts throughly before reassembly. 5)Replace keys. 4)Replace all the gaskets with new ones. cylinder. 5-26. Use care to distort the ring. (See Fig. nuts. Apply oil to the lip before reassembly. 7)Apply oil to rotating and sliding portions. 54-1 CRANKSHAFT (1) Installcrankshaft on crankcase using an oil seal guide to avoid damage to oil seal. (See Fig. Spread the ring only far enough to slip over piston and into the correct groove. (See Fig. 5-27. Pay most attention to cleanliness of piston. 6)Torque bolts and nuts to specification referring to the “TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS”. crankshaft. 5-29. 5-26 5-4-2 PISTON AND PISTON RINGS (1) Installthe oil ring first. bolts. 8)Check and adjust clearances and end plays where specified in this manual. 3)Check lip of oil seals.
Be sure to use clips on the both end of the piston pin to secure the pin in position. (See Fig.“N” MARK TOP RING SECOND RlNC OIL RING I Fig. place ‘‘4” mark of the piston crown on the “MAG” side of the connecting rod. 5-30. “MAG” SIDE I ” 4 ” MARK Fig. piston and piston pin before installation. 5-28 Fig. 5-29 5-4-3 PISTON AND CONNECTING ROD (1) When installing the piston on the connecting rod. 5-30 - 32 - .) Apply oil to the small end of the connecting rod.
(2) Set gaps of the piston rings 90 degrees apart from each other before assembly.5 ftdb I EH25 225-275 kgocrn 22-27 Nom 16.3-19. ALIGNMENT MARK h .5-32. 5-31 -SECOND RING \ Fig.5-8.3 ft*lb B (3) Check for free movement of connecting rod by turning crankshaft slowly.. 5-33. CONNECTING ROD BOLT TIGHTENING TORQUE I EH12 90-1 15 kg*cm 9-11 N-m I EH17 170-200 kg-cm 17-19.) -[NOTES] (1) Applyenough 1 PISTON RING COMPRESSOR CONNECTING ROD oil to piston rings..) Torque connecting rod bolts to specification.3-1 4.9 ft4b I Fig. 5-33 6. connecting rod and bore bearings cylinder before assembly..) CRANK CASE (FLYWHEEL SIDE) Fig.(See Fig. Place ‘‘4” mark of the piston crown on the magneto side of the crankcase.5 Nom 12. Use a piston ring compressor to hold the piston rings. (See Fig. lightly tap top of the piston until large end of the rod meet crankpin. ( 2 ) Install the connecting rod cap to the connecting rod matching alignment marks.(2) Install the piston and connecting rod assembly into the cylinder. 5-31. (See Fig. 5-32 5-4-4 CONNECTING ROD (1) Turn crankshaft to bottom dead center. - 33 - . M8 X 46 mm connecting rod bo1t 2pcs.
5-36. on on Incorrect timing of thewill gears cause result in malfunctionthe of engine may and damage due to interference of the parts. will cause engine's 5-4-7 ADJUST CRANKSHAFT AND CAMSHAFT END PLAY ( 1 ) Adjust end play to the specified values using the proper spacer. Align the timing mark on the crankshaft gear with the timing mark on the camshaft and install the camshaft in the crankcase. The proper spacer may be determined following manner. (2) Lubricate the bearing surfaces of camshaft. 5-34. 5-34 Incorrecttiming valve malfunction. 5-35 - 34 - .54-5 BALANCER SHAFT (EH25 type only) Install balancer shaft aligning the timing mark thebalancershaftgear and thebalancergear the crank shaft as shown in Fig. (See Fig.) Fig. MAIN BEARING COVER A1 c t GASKET A2 f I CRANKCASE Fig. TIMING MARKS 5-4-6 TAPPET AND CAMSHAFT (1) Oil the tappets and install them in their original position. Push in fully to avoid damage during the installation of the camshaft.
EH12.114”) T=3.) (2) Measure the weight “B2” (From the mating surface to the camgear inner boss.1 mm (0.7 mm (0.Bl=SIDE CLEARANCE (mm) (SIDE CLEARANCE) .O mm (0.9 mm (0.012”) .35 - .8 mm (0. EH17 type CRANKSHAFT T=0.6 mm (0.B=SIDE CLEARANCE (mm) (SIDE CLEARANCE) .0.0.O m m (0.6 mm (0.031”) T=l .2=THICKNESS OF CRANKSHAFT SHIM (mm) (A+ 0.0123 Bl=SIDE CLEARANCE (in) SIDE CLEARANCE .008”=THICKNESSO F CRANKSHAFT SHIM (in) 5-4-7-1 -’ 5-4-7-2 CAMSHAFT END PLAY (Model B=2:1 Reduction type only) (1) Measure the depth “A2” (From the mating surfaceto the inner race of the camshaft bearing.039”) SPACER SHIMS T=2.031 ”) T=l.0.039”) EH25 type CRANKSHAFT CAMSHAFT T=0.039”) CAMSHAFT SPACER SHIMS T=0.) (A2+ 0.6 mm (0.B=SIDE CLEARANCE (in) SIDE CLEARANCE .CRANKSHAFT END PLAY (For D type and B type) (1) Measure the depth “ A l ” (From the mating surface to the inner race of the ball bearing.3) .031”) T=l .8 mm (0.O mm (0.3) .) (2) Measure the height “BI” (From the mating to the crank gear.024”) T=0.) ( A l + 0.2=THICKNESS OF CAMSHAFT S H I M (mm) (A2+ 0.8 mm (0.024”) T=0.106”) T=2.024”) T=0.112“) .008”=THICKNESS O F CAMSHAFT SHIM (in) Following are availalbe spacer shims.0.
..Fig.17 type) Tightening torque (EH25 type) 80-1 00 k g c m 8-9.5 ft4b I . Add a light film of oil on the main bearing cover face to hold the gasket in place.5-13.. . 8 pcs.36 - . U s e an oil seal guide when installing the main bearing cover to avoid damaging the seal. Main bearing cover E1412. Tap the cover into place with a soft hammer.5 Nom 6-7 ft*lb 170-1 90 k g w n 17-1 8.5 Nom 1 . 17 M 6 X 30 mm bolt and washer -. Tightening torque (EH12. Place spacers chosen at procedure (1) on cTankshaft and camshaft. 12. 5-36 (2) Lubricate the oil seal and bearing surfaces.. Et4 2s M 8 X 30 m m bolt and washer 8 pcs..
Clean valves and wash cylinder head thoroughly. (EH25) I ~~~ ~ ~~~ Tightening torque (EH12. obtained by placing the key slot on the power take of€ shaft to : T h e top dead center may be I 12 o'clock 10 o'clock I EH I2B.. ( 5 ) Install cylinder head to cylinder with new head gasket. Replace breather hose at least once a yearor when ever a crack was found.17D ! _I I ( J I i 1. the valve stems and insert in oil them into the valve guide. Refer to"SERV1CE DATA"for clearance specifications. EH17 type) 2nd step 1st step 50 k g c m 5 Nom 100 k g c m 10 Nom I I I Tightening torque (EH25 type) 1st step 2nd step final step I I I I 3. 17) M10 X 75 mm flange bolt . (EH12. Replace gaskets with new ones if they are torn or damaged. lap valves in place until a uniform ring shows around the face of the valve. (2) Replace valves that are badly burned. . ports and guides.6 fblb 7. I7B. pitted or warped. Put push rod tip in the hollow of tappet top.. Inspect the valves. 5-4-11 VALVECLEARANCEADJUSTMENT (1) Position the piston at the top dead center of the compression stroke.5-4-8 BREATHERVALVE Attach breather plate (breather valve) and breather cover to crankcase using proper gaskets.-4 pcs. valve spring and spring retainer. (4) Valve guides should replaced be when valve the stem clearance exceeds specifications (See "SERVICE DATA"). valve seats and valve guides. Tighten five flange bolts evenly in three steps by the following tightening torque: Cylinder head M 8 X 65 mm flange bolt . 5-37 . 25D EH25B EH I2D. W 5-4-9 CYLINDER HEAD (1) Clean carbon and gum deposits from the valves.. (3) When installing the valves the cylinder head. install the washer..- Fig. Then place the cylinder head on a flat table.2 ft*lb 5-4-10 ROCKER ARMS AND PUSH RODS (1) Insert push rods into crankcase. (2) Apply oil to the rocker arms and assemble them to the cylinder head using the rocker shaft and spacer.37 - . After replacing the valves and guides. 4 pcs. seats. Draw the valve guides out and press the new guides in.
Remeasure tappet clearance... I%25 M 8 X 28mm boltand washer . Rocker cover M 6 X 12 m m bolt . EH12.. - 38 - .6-26.2-1 0.. 17 M 6 flange nut . Tighten two flange nuts.. M 6 X 25mm flange bolt ----.valves by turning crankshaft.7-10.-1 PC. -- Tightening toque 100-1 40 kg-cm 9..5 ft*lb 8. Spark plug : EH12 : N G K B6ES /CHAMPION N5C E H 1 7 ..7 Nom Retightening 230-270 kgcm 22..7 N*m 7.5 N-m 16..4 pcs. 5-4-12 SPARK PLUG Install spark plug to the cylinder head... (3) Install rocker cover and gasket. I I clearance Valve 0.... 2 5 : N G K B6HS /CHAMPION L86C Tightening toque New spark plug 120-1 50 kg*cm 11.6-1 9.8-14.085-0.... .. 5-38..8-1 3..(2) Loosen the lock nut on the rocker arm and turn the adjusting screw to adjust the clearance between the rocker arm and the valve stem end.) Tighten the lock nut. Check operationof. (See Fig....9 ft*lb I 5-4-13 INTAKE AND EXHAUST MANIFOLD ( I ) Install the intake manifold to the cylinder head with gasket. 2 pcs.3 pcs..1 15 rnm I [NOTE] Check and adjust valve clearance with engine coid.1 ft*lb ( 2 ) Install the exhaust manifold to t h e cylinder head with gasket.
5-4 1 . 5 4 . (See Fig.39 - .) I Air gap 0.5 mm I 0. (See Fig. 5-40. 5-4-17 CARBURETOR Install the gasket and the carburetor to the manifold.3. Install the governor lever on the governor shaft. (See Fig. 5-39 I I Tightening toque 600-650 kg*cm 59-63 Nom 43-47 ft*lb 5-4-15IGNITIONCOIL Adjust theair Install the ignition coil to the crankcase.M 6 nuts and M 6 X 25mm flange nut for EH12. Then put the gasket and the insulator on the manifold.) Fig.17. 5-39.Tighten 2 . GOVERNOR LEVER Fig.1 8 GOVERNOR SYSTEM (1) Connect governor the lever and the throttle lever on carburetor. (Option) . 5-40 Installtheintakemanifold. gap between the ignitioncoiland the flywheel using a thickness gauge (filler gauge) and tighten the bolts.M 8 X 28 mm bolt and washer for EH25. Wipe off oil and degrease thoroughly from the taperedportion of the crankshaft and the flywheel center hole.) (2) Install the speed control lever to the cylinder head.5-4-14 FLYWHEEL MAGNETO (1) Install the charge coil to the crankcase.012-0.[NOTE) B Be careful not to pinch coil wire between charge coil and crankcase. Tightenflywheel the nut with the starter pulley. INSULATOR Fig. (3) Install the flywheel to crankshaft. 5-41. 5-4-16INTAKE MANIFOLD.3-0. (2) Put the woodruff key in the key way of crankshaft.020 in.
5-42. The governorsprings may be distingnished by the following table.7 (0. ( 5 ) Turn t h e governor shaft clockwise all the way using a screw driver.5 8. The governor spring employed on the 6OHz application is same as the one from the standard specifications.42") 8.) (4) T u r n the speed control lever all the way toward the high speed position and make sure that the throttle valve in the carburetor is at the wide open position.38") t 8.6 (0. there are two different governor springs existing according to the speed setting of the engine. The governor spring should be hooked to the number 2 hole on the speed control lever for the regular specifications.5 c 16.1 (0.34") 19. Refer to the illustrations below.(3) Connect the speed control lever and the governor lever with the governor spring. 5-43.7 (0.) For the generator applications. P\ SPEED CONTROLLEVER GOVERNOR SPRING \\ f - GOVERNOR LEVER Fig.7") 60 Hz (3600 rprn) t Q D N Color 49 (1.5 60 Hz (3600 rpm) t 50 HZ (3000 rprn) 43 (1. (See Fig. 5-42 Fig. 5-43 N . SPRING WOUND Et 12 EH17 EH25 50 Hz (3000 rpm) 60 Hz (3600 rpm) t 50 HZ (3000 rpm) 38 (1 5") 10.1 (0.35") 12.5 Silver Gold Silver Gold Silver Gold P - 40 - .9") 9.32") t 9. and tighten the lock bolt and nut. (See Fig.
5-4-19 AIR CLEANER rn Install the air cleaner gasket and the cleaner case and tighten them with2-M6 flange nuts. 1 PC. (EW12.5 N a r n 16. M 6 X 14mm bolt and washer 1 PC.--. the element and the cleaner cover. 5-4-20 EXHAUST MANIFOLD AND COVER Install the exhaust manifold and the cover.pcs. . (EH25) -----..- Install the muffler cover M 5 X lOmm screw *. M 8 flange nut .--. Connect the fuel strainer and the fuel inlet on carburetor with the fuel hose. .... . . 1 ---. 17) M8 X 16mm 1 PC. the M 6 X 12mm 1 PC. 2 - 5-4-21 HEAD COVER Install the head cover to the cylinder head... .--- I Tightening torque 230-270 kg-crn I 22.. Insert the high tension cord from the ignition coil into the notch of the blower housingso that not to pintch the cord. - End-of the reassembly - . (EH12.41 - . M 6 X 12mm flange bolt 1 PC. .. . ---- 5-4-22 MUFFLER AND MUFFLER COVER Install the muffler to the exhaust manifolde M 8 flange nut 2 pcs.. M 8 X 16mm bolt and washer . 17) 3 M 6 X lOmm flange bolt ..5 ft*lb @ Then install muffler bracket. M 6 X 8mm flange bolt . 4 pcs.pcs.RECOIL Install the blower housing and the recoil.. PC..6-1 9. f . 5-4-24FUELTANK Install the fuel tank. Then install the element retainer.-. (EH25) 5-4-23 BLOWER HOUSING.5-26.
I. 6-2 BASIC THEORY ‘1’0 ensure the easy startability of the engine.4 2.42 - /”-- .8 4.ion system. ‘I’his suddencurrentchangegenerates a bigvoltage on thesecondaryside of theignitioncoil and which sparks thc spark plug. IGNITION SYSTEM 6-1 TYPE OF IGNITION SYSTEM EH 12 employs the U . Load No load No load An enginethathas /“ Steps Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 EH12 EH17 EH25 EH12 EH17 EH25 Engine speed 2500 rpm 3000 rpm 3600 rpm 1. 1 ) At lower speed of the engine I . Make final carburetor adjustment and regulate the engine operating speed. I. C. While the engine is being tested. ‘l’his gcncrates the collcctor current I.2 2. valves and R U N . the ignition timing control circuit for the lower engine speed is activated and lcts the current I. As optional parts. as this currentflows through thebaseterminal of the Kotation of the flywheelinducescurrent power transister.IN before being put back into service.0 Time 10 rnin 10 min No load 10 min Step 4 3600 rpm 30 min 3. (Universal type Transistor Controlled Ignition) pointless ignii. C.5-5 BREAK-INOPERATION been completelyoverhauled by beingfitted with a new piston. the step advancing ignition timing system is incorporated in the ignition coil. ‘I’his system enables the engine to have basically different two ignition timings according to the engine spced.rings. As thc cnginc reaches thc ignition timing.0 6. T . (Transistor Controlled Ignition) pointless ignition system.4 Step 5 3600 rpm 60 min 6. Following are the explanation how the system works. connecting rod should throughly be Good bearing surfacesand r u n n i n g clearancesbetweenthevariouspartscan only beestablished by operating the engine under reduced speed and loads for a short period of time.: flow through the base terminal of the power transistor. El417 and E 3 2 5 have the T . . these ignition system m a y be implemented with lamp coil. check for oil leaks. and abruptly s h u t off the current I? because the powcr transistor is turned off. which will bypass the current I. . it is activated and the current Lz starts flowing. charge coil and excitor coil.
the ignitiontimingcontrolcircuit for the higher engine speed is activated and provides the base current Is to the power transistor. 1000 . This current induces the coIlectorcurrent 16 and will bypass the current I. 3000(r. 6-2 ( b ) ENGINE REVOLUTION .C.) MAGNETO SYSTEM L STEP ADVANCING 15'1 . ELECTRONIC ADVANCING FLYWHEEL (B. As the enginereaches the ignitiontiming. 2000 Fig. The ignition timing control circuit for thehigherenginespeed is activated sooner than the control circuit €or the lower speed and not activated when the engine speed is in a lower range. as this current flows through the base terminal of the power transistor.2) At the higher engine speed Rotation of the flywheel generates the current I.D.) - 43 - .T. 500 . Thissuddencurrentchangegeneratesabigvoltage on the secondaryside of the ignitioncoil and which will spark the spark plug. i t is activated and the current IZ starts of flow.m. to shutdown the current I r abruptlybecausethe power transistor is turned off.p.
U I """"""""DIODE RECTIFIER Fig.44 - .6-3 WIRING DIAGRAM STANDARD Ignition Coil Flywheel 1 Stop Button Connector Spark Plug TfT r=+ ElNGlNE WITH ELECTRIC STARTER I w 3 _1 m MAGNETIC SWITCH L""" - KEY SWITCH -1 I I 12VOLT BATTERY MINIMUM 24 AMP. 6-3 .HR.
The automatic decompression system releases the compression of the engine by lifting up the exhaust valve at the cranking.45 - .7 . the principle of the function is same. LEVER CRESCENT EXHAUST ‘ 7 Fig. 17. the crescent cam projects the camshaft cam profile and because the gravity force on the weight is larger than the centrifugal force on the weight. FLYWEIGHT LEVER Fig. 7-1 CAMSHAFT When the crank speed reaches up to a certain revolution. AUTOMATIC DECOMPRESSION SYSTEM ’ EH12. The components of the systems are different for the type “D”and type “B” engines. the crescent cam is retracted into the camshaft cam profile because the centrifugal force applied onto the flyweight becomes larger than the gravity force and the weight and is shifted to the position shown in the illustration. lifts up the tappet When the engine is cranked. This enables easy and light start of the engine. the release lever lifts up the tappet which in turns opens up the exhaust valve slightly to release the compression. 25 engines are employing the automatic decompression system as a standard feature. The release lever has a flyweght on its end and another end of the lever is a crescent cam. however. Following are the explanation using type “D” engine as a sample how the system works. 7-2 . At the end of the compression process.
and when its buoyancy and fuel pressure are balanced. CARBURETOR 8-1 OPERATIONANDCONSTRUCTION 8-1-1 FLOAT SYSTEM / " Thefloatchamber is locatedbelowthecarburetor body and.8. I I \ ---. with a float and a needle valve. (See Fig. maintains a constant fuel level during the engine operation.= a- -- AIR INTAKE ! MAIN AIR JET - 46 - . the needle at valve shuts off the fuel.) The fuel flows from the fuel tank the into float chamber throughtheneedle valve. 8-1. thereby keeping the fuel the predetermined level..PASS. the float rises. When thefuel rises to a specific level. PILOT OUTLET B Y ..
The fuel-air mixture is fed to the engine through the pilot outlet and the by-pass. causing engine malfunction. When the engine is cranked with a closed draws more fuel accordingly this choke. using proper tools to avoid damage to it. fuel the may leak. 21 -@ - ( 2 ) Reassembly Tighten pilot securely.47 - . which may arise mainly due to a clogged up air or fuel passage in jets.) 8-2-1 THROTTLE SYSTEM (1) Remove the philips screw (1) and throttle valve ( 2 ) . It is mixed again with the air taken through the air cleaner into an optimum fuel-air mixture. or fuel level variations. The air metered by the main air jet is mixed with the fuel through the bleed holes in the main nozzle. 8-2-2 CHOKE SYSTEM (1) Removethephilips screw (6) and chokevalve (7).make sure that the cutout in the choke valve faces the main air jet. where it is metered.-e Fig. 13 18 . and pull out the choke shaft (8). and the mixture is atomized out of the main bore. the fuel is mainly fed from the pilot outlet. most of carburetortroublesarecaused by an incorrect mixing ratio.8-1-2 PILOT SYSTEM 0 The pilot system feeds the fuel to the engine during idling and low-speed operation. when reassembling set the rings (9) and (10) at the right position. 8-1-4 CHOKE The choke may be used for easy start when engine is cold. Meanwhile. which is supplied to the engine. In order to assure properflow of air andfuel. ( 2 ) When reassembling thechokeshaft. and mixed with the air metered by the pilot air jet. (2) The spring (4) can be taken out by removing the throttle stop screw(5). * Be careful not to damage the throttle valve rim. 8-2-3 PILOT SYSTEM 14 16 15 17 A 19 (1) Remove the pilot jet (ll). 8-3. 8-3 12 . the carburetor must be keptclean at all times. the negative pressure applied to the main nozzle increases and starting up the engine more easily. At the idling speed. and pull out the throttle shaft (3). The fuel is metered by the main jet and fed to the main nozzle. 8-2 DISASSEMBLY AND REASSEMBLY Apartfrommechanical failures. 8-1-3 MAIN SYSTEM The main system feeds the fuel to the engine at medium-and high-speed operation. The fuel is fed through the main jet to the pilot jet.Thecarburetor disassembly and reassembly procedures are as follows : (See Fig. the jet Otherwise.
(2) When removing the needle valve and float. Never use a drill or a wire because of possible damage of the orifice which will considerably affect fuel flow. Be sure to set the gasket (19) and washer (18) for chamber (1 3)8-2-5 FLOATSYSTEM c . If the needle valve needs to be replaced. (1) Pull out the float pin (20) and remove the float. . b)The bolt tightening torque is 70kg-cm.8-2-4 MAIN SYSTEM (1) Remove the bolt(l2)and take out float chamber body(l3). since the float pin is calked to the carburetor body. (3) Reassembly a) Fasten the main jet securely to the body. Otherwise. the fuel may become too rich and cause engine malfunction. (2) From the body (14) remove the main nozzle (15). be sure to use compressed airto blow them clean. clip (22) and needle valve (23). replace it with rubber needle. gently tap the reverse side using the rod more slender than the float pin and remove. When cleaning the jets.(21) and then remove the. and then remove the main jet (16) and guide holder (17) from the main nozzle (15).48 - .
disassemble and reassemble in the following procedures. is For"B" type models.controltherotation by holding starter rope using the notch on the reel and pressing the reel with thumb. Ratchet 5. Friction spring 4. Needle nose pliers.) Rewind reel clockwise until the rotation stops. Fig. Ratchet spring 3 d Fig.49 - . Center screw 2. reverse the direction of rotation to achieve proper service work. 9-1-1 HOW TO DISASSEMBLE (D Type) (1) Remove recoil starter from engine.40cm to line up notch on reel with outlet hole for starter rope. Screw driver [NOTE] The following explanation applicable to the recoil starter for"D" type engines. 1. 9-2 . 9-1 ( 3 ) Remove parts in the following order. STARTING SYSTEM 9-1 RECOILSTARTER When repairing recoil starter.9. Tools : Socket wrench. (2) Pull starter knob and pull out starter rope for 30. (See Fig. Hold with reel thumb and pull starter rope inside the starter case with screw driver. Friction plate 3. Whenrewindingthereel. 9-1.
(‘Tie the rope tightly for the safety sake. ‘ BEARING REEL Fig. 9-4. 9-5 - 50 - .(4) Remove the reel from the starter case as shown in Fig. (2) Check that the spring is securely set in the reel. Fig. 9-3. Untie the starter rope from the knob and remove. The shape of starter spring inner end may be adjusted with a plier if necessary. Do not remove the reel quickly or the spring may escape from the starter case.) Put the oppositeside of the ropethrough the starter case and reel. STARTERCASE Fig. Adjust the position of inner end of the spring so it hooks on hook in the starter case securely. 9-3 9-1-2 HOW TO REASSEMBLE (D Type) ( 1 ) Put the starter rope through the starter knob a n d tie i t as shown i n Fig. Tie it in the same way as t h e starter knob end and put the knot i n the reel complely.. 9-4 / OUTER END OF SPRING SPRING KEEPER / INNER END OF SPRING . Take out the reel slowly turning it lightly spring towards the left and right to remove from the hook.
Check the that ratchets pushed are by the ratchet springs toward the center of the recoil. 9-6. 3. Apply small amount of lock-tight to the center screw and torque it. Install the friction plate with its two bosses set inside of the bent portion of rachets.(3) Prior to installing the reel in the starter case. Fig.9 ft4b Fig. 9-8 . 9-7 ( 5 ) Hold starterropeas shown in Fig. 9-6 (4)Reassemble the parts in reverse order of disassembly. Firmly press the reel not to allow reverse turn and pull starting knob to let starter rope out of starter case. Then let the rope out of the reel from the reel notch. 9-8 and turn reel 4 times in the arrowhead direction. wind the starter rope in the reel for 2. Return knob slowly to let starter rope rewind in reel. Check that the inner end of spring is securely hooked onto t h e hook. Line up the reel hook with the inner end of the spring and install the reel in the starter case. I I Fig.9 Nom 2.5 turns in the arrowhead direction as shown in Fig.
Mount the recoil starter to the engine. (7) If the spring escapes from the reel when disassembling the recoil. end of the spring - (8) Lubricate the rotating parts. sliding parts and spring with heat resistant grease reassembling the recoil and prior to long term storage. hook the outer onto the notch of the reel and rewind the spring into the housing. or mobile oil when .52 - .(6) Test the operation of the recoil starter to see if the rope recoils satisfactorily and the ratchets project and retract properly.
2. properly timed. A similar hissing noise is produced during compression stroke. . 3. . TROUBLESHOOTING The following three condit. This trouble canbe detected as the fuel flows out of the carburetor when the engine is idling. and a high back pressure due to a long exhaust pipe. b)If the piston rings are stuck on the piston.53 - . and try to start again. the followings must be checked for possible lackof compression. The cylinder filled with a proper fuel-air mixture.IO. disassemble the engine and check further as follows : a) Valve stuck open due to carbon or gum on the valve stem. (Overflow) This trouble may be remedied by lightly tapping the float chamber with the grip of a screwdriver or the like. (6) If the carburetor overflows. remove the spark plug. e. 1. Dry the spark plug well. (2) The carburetor is not choked sufficiently especially when the engine is cold. Engine inside is completely dried up because of a long period of storage. excessive fuel runs into the cylinder when starting the engine. to ignite the mixture. The most common causes of engine troubles are given below : 10-1 STARTING DIFFICULTIES 10-1-1 FUEL SYSTEM (1) No gasoline in the fuel tank . Loose or broken spark plug. g . Keep the choke valve open during t h i s operation.o r the fuel cock closed. ( 5 ) The carburetor needle valve is held open by dirt or gum. If this happens. Incorrect Valve clearance If the correct compression is not obtained even after remedying the above. remove the piston and connecting rod from the engine. Good compression in the cylinder. Good spark. (4) lnferior grade gasoline or poor quality gasoline not vaporized enough to produce the correct fuel-air mixture. This causes a hissing noise made by mixture gas running out of cylinder in compression stroke during cranking.ionts must be fulflled for satisfactory engine start. Clean oy replace t h e parts. a heavy load on the engine when it is about to start at low speed. There are also other factors which make engine start difficult. Damaged head gasket or loose cylinder head. 10-1-2 COMPRESSION SYSTEM If starting difficultes and loss of power are not due to the fuel system or ignition system. making the fuel-air mixture too rich to burn. dust or gum in the gasoline iterfering the fuel flow to the carburetor. screw it into place. ( 3 ) Water. The engine cannot be started unless these three conditions are met. and turn the starting pulley a few turns in order to let the rich fuel-air mixture out of the spark plug hole into the atmosphere.
54 - . Water. 10-2 ENGINGEMISFIRES Incorrect spark plug electrodge gap. . (2) Spark timing incorrect. or engine is overloaded. (1) (2) (3) (4) 10-3 ENGINE STOPS ( 1 ) Fuel tank empty. gum. Add oil immediately.or carbon deposits in the combustion chamber. ( 1 ) Wires of the ignition coil. (7) Engine operated in an enclosed space without sufficient cooling air. 10-4 ENGINEOVERHEATS ( I ) Crankcase oil level low. dirt. (4) Air vent hole in the fuel tank cap plugged. ( 5 ) Water in gasoline. (2) Ignition coil damaged and shorted. ( 5 ) Bearing parts seized due to lack of oil. (7) Incorrect spark timin. Sparks weak. (6) Magneto or ignition coil faulty. Ignition wire connections loose. (6) Insufficient compression. e. etc.. ( 5 ) Cooling air path misdirected causes loss of cooling efficiency. spark plug or contact breaker disconnected. (3) Spark plug cable wet or soaked with oil. i. (3) Low grade gasoline is used. (4) Spark plug dirty or wet. (3) Vapor lock in the fuel lines or carburetor due to the use of too volatile winter gas in the hot season.7 and 0. (9) Engine running on low-octane gaoline detonates due to heavy load at low speed. (6) Spark plug electrodes are connected or bridged. Ignition cable worn and leaking. (4) Cooling air circulation restricted. (8) Exhaust gas discharge restricted. (2) Vapor lock.8mm. Adjust it to anywhere between 0.10-1-3 IGNlTfON SYSTEM Check the followings for lack of sparks. (6) Cylinder head cooling fins clogged up with dirt.g. in gasoline. gasoline evaporating in the fuel lines due to overheat around the engine. ( 5 ) Spark plug electrode gap incorrect.
(6) Loose piston pin due to wear. ( 3 ) Carbon or lead deposits in thecylinderhead. - 55 - . (4) Engine cold. (2) Engine operating under heavy load at low speed. 10-6 ENGINE BACKFIRES THROUGH CARBURETOR (1) Water or dirt in gasoline. (4)Spark timing incorrect. (7) Cuases of engine overheat. (2) Intake valve stuck. ( 5 ) Loose connecting rod bearing due to wear. or low-grade gasoline. ( 3 ) Valves overheated.10-5 ENGINEKNOCKS B (1) Poor quality gasoline. or hot carbon particles in the combustion chamber.
” When mounting the engine. temperature rise in the engine room can cause vapor lock. and the mehtod of supporting the engine. runout and misalignment between the driven shaft and engine shaft must he minimized. increased oil consumption. * If possiblc. It is necessary. Thus pipe inside diameter must be increased in proportion to exhaust pipe length. 11-4-2 FLEXIBLECOUPLING When using a flcxible coupling. Runout and misalignment tolerance are specified by the coupling manufacturer. the spark plug can easily be checked. the method of connecting i t to a machine. 11-3 EXHAUST GAS DISCHARGE Exhaust gas is noxious. making it impossible to operate the engine properly. * ‘I’hc driving pulley of thc engine must be in line with the driven pulley of the machine. n . loss of power. * The driving shaft of the enginc must be parallel to the driven shaft of the machine. ease of maintenance and inspection. * Disengage the load when starting the engine.make sure thatgasolineandoilcaneasilybe supplied and checked. Review the following instructions carefully for installing the engine. Less than 5m long. the foundation. Exhaust pipe: Less than 3m long. piston seizure. shorter enginc life. and temperature rise of the machine. 11-2 VENTILATION Fresh air is necessary for cooling the engine and burning the fuel. pipe inside diameter 33mm. the air cleaner can easily be serviced. frequency of checks and repairs. therefore. and that the oil can easily be discharged. oil deterioration. 11 -1 INSTALLING . and operating cost all depend on the way in which the engine is installed.11. etc. in particular. carefully examine its position. pipe inside diameter 30mm. In the casc the engine is operated under a hood or in a small room. * Install thc engine pulley as close to the engine as possible.56 - . INSTALLATION Engine life. * V-belts are preferable to flat belts. span the belt horizontally. to provide a duct or baffle to guide cooling air to the engine to prevent recirculation of he hot air used for engine cooling.. I f a long exhaust pipe is used in such a case. the internal resistance increases causing loss of engine power. 11-4 POWER TRANSMISSION TO DRIVEN MACHINES 11-4-1 BELT DRIVE Takc the following notes into consideration. When operating engine the indoors. use a belt tension pulley o r the like. be sure discharge to the exhaust gas outdoors. If n o clutch is uscd. Keep the engine room temperature below 5O0C even in the hottest period of the year. When determining its mountingposition.
If the measurement exceeds beyond the “Limit”.57 - . SERVICE DATA “STD” in the following table is the parts dimension from the brandnew engine or the spare parts.2657) .6.12.2598 .05 (0.004) ” Valve seat contact width IN. EH12.5. EX. 12.65 (0.2607) 6.17 “ 5.622 .002) 0.1 (0.1 .2224) EH25 6.2165 .039) - 2.o (0. 0.028 0. the part needs tobe replaced and/or repaired. Whereas.518 .600 (0.2172) 5.0 (0.0. “Limit” shows the maximum allowancefor the parts to be used on the engine.0.079) “ 0 Valve guide inside dia.7.500 (0.1 CLEARANCE DATA AND LIMITS Unit: rnrn (in) ITEM CYLINDER HEAD 0 L EH12/17/25 STD ” Limit Flatness LESS THAN 0.75 (0.
2.6425) 2nd 01s 60. and rnin.01 5 (0.98 .2.01 5 (0.000 .12 (2.46 220.127.116.11 9 (2. of diameter reached to 0.60.2.3606 STD .01 (0.2.004) 0 Cylindricity after reboring.67.3622 .250 (2.3728) Ditto 67.2.250 .3826) - - 67.3713) 60.6524) - 58 - .37 (2.98 :2.21 .000 67. EH12 T Lmit STD EH17 STD Lmit To be rebored when the difference between max.269 :2.60.6370: - 66.Unit: mrn (in) T ITEM CYLINDER Inside dia.2.3571) 66.3630) and min.48 :2.6582: 0 Roundiness after reboring LESS THAN 0.6559 .1 (0.6476 2.23 (2.6378'.1 (0. (2.6567: 67.004).3614) 59.23 :2. STD To be rebored when the difference 60.6362 .3720 .3803 .96 66.6385: - 1 st reboring 60.269 .6461 .48 (2.6575 .1 2 (2.6469: 67.3768) 67. of diameter reached to 0.96 (2.0006) LESS THAN 0.37 (2.3705 .6327) -* 1st 01s 60.01 (0.019 :2.2.6484: - Ditto 2nd reboring 60.87 (2.59. LESS THAN 0.500 :2.0006) PISTON Piston size (At skirt in thrust direction) 59.67.2.004).381 9 2.87 (2. 18.104.22.16869) 67.004) LESS THAN 0.519 .67.019 Detween max.3811) - 60.46 .21 .500 60.
9732 0 Roundiness after reboring.269 .9673) - 59 - .9476) 1st o/s 75.46 (2.500 (2. STD 75.9575) 2nd 01s 75.9717) 75.004) 0 Cylindricity after reboring.019 .98 .Unit : mm (in) I ITEM CYLINDER 0 1 t EH25 STD Lmit To be rebored when the difference between max. LESS THAN 0.23 (2.74.015 (0.9512 ST0 .87 (2.250 (2.75. and min.2.2.9626 . of diameter reached to 0.48 .9610 2.75.96 (2.9520: 74. Inside dia.9633 Ditto 2nd reboring 75.01 (0.21 .75.9724 .2. LESS THAN 0.1 (0.9528 .2.004).9709 .9618: - 75.0006) PISTON Piston size (At skirt in thrust direction) 74.51 9 .000 (22.214.171.124 (2.12 (2.9535' I st reboring 75.75.
0029: - 0.002 .05 0.0.006) 0.6313) Piston pin outside dia.5115 0.01 0) - - 1.6300: 16.074 :0.25 (0.035 (0. gap 12.60 - .5 (0.991 (0.016) 1.035 (0.0.25 (0.01 0 0.0591 ) 0.0.030 :0.991 13.5 (0.4 .0.51 19 - 13.0.01 5 0.075 (0.960 (0.0.0006 .075 :0.01 6) - 1.015 0.0.030 0.016) 1.0012 EH12 Ek 7 Limit 0.0030 .2 .992 16.2 (0.0.006) 0.0.6296 0. 12.5 (0.960 (0.1 5 (0.15 (0.002 :0.006) m -wskirt area.51 02) 15.006) 0.0008 .0010 0.000 .0014 Limit 0.0591) .0.0.000 (0.0031 2nd 0.15 (0.6284) 0 Clearance between piston and cylinderat 0.0.0004 0.0030 0.2 (0.ITEM Ringgroove sideclearance T STD 0.006) ~~~ ~ .4 .6299: - 15.1 5 (0.0026 Oil ring Piston pin hole - - 0.065 (0.992 13.080 - .008 .0030 0.008 0.0002 0.035 (0.16.010) 0.5115 0.5 (0.020 0.074 .0.1 5 (0.51 18 - 12.0591) 0.0012 0.008 .075 - .0.4 (0.0006 .006) STD 0.075 :0.6296 .51 32) 15.0.25 (0.1 5 (0.025'.0029' 0.0091) oil ring 0.010) ~~ 0 Pistonringend TOP 2nd 0.0.0030 0.
0026) - (0.0020 0.0591) .1 5 (0.065 (0.0591) oil ring 0.01 2) - 1.991 18.3 .025 0.0.7100) e Piston 17.000 (0.7083 0.5 (0.0001 0.1 5 (0.002 (0.7087) - 18.1 -0.070 .035 (0.3 (0.Unit: mm (in) ITEM Ringgroove sideclearance T STD EH25 Limit 0.0035) - t 2nd 0.0.7071) 0 Clearance between piston and cylinderatskirt area.006) 0.0025) - 0.004 0.090 (0.0004 0.064 (0.004 .010) 0 Piston ring end gap TOP 2n d 0.01 0 0.030 (0.012) 1. 17.5 (0.7087) - - 17.992 18.006) 0.006) m pin outside dia.61 - .7084 0.050 0.0.0028) - Oil ring Piston pin hole 0.960 (0.0.1 (0.25 (0.15 0.0012 . 0.
967 (1.1.12 (0.08 (0.988 24.25.980 .0018) 0.2 (0.021 .0.0004 .0228) 25.1.26.000.5150) I Clearance between small end 0.046 .0241) 26.1 (1 .010 (0.0047) I Big end side clearance 0.0.0008 .Unit: mrn (in) ITEM T STD 26.0.029 .01 0 (0.0223 .013 (1.001 1) 0.5122 .997 (0.020 (0.008) Small end inside dia.0.040) I CRANKSHAFT 25.0276) 0 Clearance between big end and crankpin 0.0.9839 0.13.85 (1.62 - .0.51 26) 13.7 .0177) I Journal dia.1 (0.004 .0. D l .0236 EH12 Limit .028) 1 .9841) - - . D2 24. 13.O (0.
010 .980 (1.988 24.967 29.028) 0. 02 24.000 .Unit: mm (in) ~~~ EH17 STD Limit 30.0004 0.1 850) 0.021 (0.0.001 1) 0.1803) - 29.016 (1.010 0 16.997 (0.2 (0.1752) 0 Journal dia.0008 .029 (0.16.1817) 30.020 (0.0.7 1.040) CRANKSHAFT 29.30.0047) - 0 Big end side clearance " I 0.001 9) 0.1 (1.0.004 .1811 -1.9841) - - 63 - .0.049 .9838 0.12 (0.1798-1.1 (0. I D l .85 (1 .0.08 (06331) Clearance between small end and piston pin 0.6303 .o (0.008) .6308) 16.
040) - I CRANKSHAFT 33.7091 .1019 1.988 .7095) 18.o (0.0010 .1811) .64 - .0047) 0 Big end side clearance 0.057 .3386 EH25 Limit ~ .028) 1.000 (1.021 . 18.975 .1 0 (1. T STD 34.959 (1.0004 0.3370 .991 -30.27.988-29.997 17.181 1) t" t i TYPE 27.0022) 0.3327) Journal dia.01 0 (0.1.3392) 34.1 -0.1. Dl D2 )TYPE r9.000129.2 (0.991-30 ~000~(1.85 (1.0.12 (0.1022) .0.010 0.08 (0.016 .34.18.1.004 0.3376) 33.029 (0.7 (0.71 18) 0 Clearance between small end and piston pin 0.1 807 1-1.Unit: mm (in) ITEM CONNECTING ROD Big end inside dia.3425) 0 Clearance between big end and crankpin 0.025 (0.0011) - - 0.33.008) Small end inside dia.1807 i(1.1806 '-1.1 810) d.997 1.0.
3 (0.2142 .8 .0033 - .3 (0.984 .45 (1.159) 0 Journal outside dia.5895 14.6673) D2 14. 5.Unit: mrn (in) ITEM TSTD EH12 / EH17 Limit CAMSHAFT Cam height IN.973 (0.173) 29.078 .35 (0.29.6687) .16.6682 .1 15 (0.5.35 (0.0. 5.0.426 (0.455 .0.984 . (cold) 0. 0.5899) 16.0022 0.2148) 5.0031) 0. 0.0036) - - 0.2106) Clearance betweenvalvestem valve guide dia.0.0.444 .14.6 (1.973 (0.95 (0.95 (0. and IN.5./EX.012 ) EX. CAMS 29.2143) 5.045 (0.0045) n - 65 - . IN.085 0.1.0.092 (0.440 (0.5886) VALVE Valve stemoutside dia.0.165 .0018 .056 0.EX. "D" type Dl 16.012) Valve clearance I N .2136 .2106) EX.
0.45 (0.056.087 (0.9823) D2 Y 14. 6.544 (0.2573 0.24.0020 0. and valveguide IN.5895 0. 6.5899) - 14.45 (0.Unit : mm (in) ITEM CAMSHAFT Cam height EH25 STD Limit IN. 0.9830.0. 0.95 (0. (cold) 0.984 (0.980 (0.115 (0.2539) EX.14.01 2) 0 Valve clearance IN.30.012) EX.2539) Clearance between valve stem dia.95 (0.535 6.0034) - 0.6.0 100 .085. IN.208 1.21 - 7) 30.0022 0.973.55 (1.0045) - .9835) 24. (0.050 0.0040) - 0. Dl 24.2579) - 6.2576) - 6.3 (0.522.9 (1. CAMS 30.66 - .967.3 (0.550 (0.5886) VALVE Valve stemoutside dia./EX.2568 0.7.202) 0 Journal outside "D" type dia.EX.0033 0.
0006 .0.0022) ROCKER ARM 11. 12.0.3150 .3134 .000 (0.975 .8.055 .3156) 0 Tappet guide clearance 0.Unit : mm (in) ITEM TAPPET 0 EH12/EH17 STD Limit Stem outside dia. 8.0.0015) VALVE SPRING FREE LENGTH .000 .31 40) 0 Guide inside dia.995 (0.0.7.0.0.12.0010 .0.039 .960 (0.4731 .034 (0.0.4724) 11.67 - .12.01 5 .025 (0.016 .92 (0.4722 .4738) Rocker arm shaft clearance 0.4693) 0 Rocker arm hole dia. 7.016 (0.
1 1.Unit: mm (in) ITEM TAPPET Stem outside dia.0.994 (0.3543 0.960. 12.001 0.68 - .006.4734) - Rocker arm shaft clearance 0.986.12.92 (0.9.975 (0.4719.3528 0.3549) - 0 Tappet guide clearance 0.0005.0015) VALVE SPRING FREE LENGTH 35.0022) 0 - ROCKER ARM Rocker shaft outside dia. 9.01 5 (0.4) .038 (0.11.4693) 0 Rocker arm hole dia.3534) EH25 Limit - 0 Guide inside dia.012 .000.055 (0.4727 0.024 (0.4722) 11.0.0. T STD 8.025.5 (1.0.8.
3 16.5 230 16.26.8-11.18. 600 .26.0 (0.270 22.7 .6 19.19.5 .8 14.26.9 58.190 120.270 EH12 90-115 .8.420 225 .275 600 .10.3.47 12.8 11.2 21.650 80 100 120 .3 .6 EH25 type TlGHTENfNG TORQUE DESCRIPTION kg cm Cylinder head bolts Connecting rod cap bolts Flywheel nut Main bearing cover bolts New spark plug Spark plug Retightening N-m ft.26.2-14.3.5 126.96.36.199 - .7 5.5 - 188.8.131.52.7.7 230 16.7 1 .63.Ib 340 .650 170.6 33.10.150 230 .13.7 24.5 .Unit: rnrn (in) ITEM VALVE SEAT ANGLE(IN.2 43 47 8. EX.4 6.9 58.7.8 7.8 New spark plug Spark plug Retightening .63.028.6-184.108.40.2060 .9 - .2 16.6.6 170-200 EH17 EH12 12.7 220.127.116.11 - .) 0 T STD EH12/17/25 Limit 0 Valve cutter angle(a) Valve contact width(b) a : 90" b : 0.O (0.6 19.079) 12-2 TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS EH12/17type TIGHTENING TORQUE DESCRIPTION kg-cm Cylinder head bolts Connecting rod cap bolts Flywheel nut Main bearing cover bolts Nom ft-lb .6 11.6 .5 EH17 8.5 - 22.8 43 .9.7 16.039) - 2.
20 -4 - 10 14 0 32 10 50 20 68 30 86 40 "C 1 04 "F Use oil classified as SC or higher.12-3 OIL GRADE CHART Comparison betweenoil viscosity and temparature I 5w I 10 w Single Specificd Ihricant 1 20 w # 20 # 30 grade Cluality # 40 I 1 I Multigrade low-30 . Multi-gradc oil tends to increase its consumption at high ambient temperature. .70 - .
If any. MAtNTENANCE MAINTENANCE I ) Change crankcase oil. 4) Check oil level and add to full mark. MAINTENANCE AND STORAGE The following maintenance jobs a p p l y w h e n t h e e n g i n e is operated correctly under normal conditions.13. REMARKS To remove sludge from run. 13-2 INITIAL 20 HRS. - 71 - . if t h e e n g i n e is operated in extremely dusty conditions. I f dirty. 2) Clean air cleaner. 3) Inspect for loose hardwares and retighten if necessary. REMARKS Cntmnlinntcd oil quickens wear. wash in gasoline o r poiish with elncry paper. 13-3 EVERY 50 HRS. The indicated maintenance intervals are by no m e a n s g u a r a n t e e s for m a i n t e n a n c e f r e e o p e r a t i o n s d u r i n g these intervals.i n operation. 3) Check and clean spark plug. the air cleaner should every day instead of every 50 hours 13-1 DAILY MAINTENANCE MAINTENANCE I ) Clean away dust and chaff from engine bc clcaned I REMARKS I Governor linkage is especially sensitive to dust 2) Check fuel leakage from fuel system. For e x a m p l e . (IO DAYS) MAINTENANCE MAINTENANCE I ) Change crankcase oil. retighten fasteners or replace necessary parts.
(MONTHLY) MAINTENANCE MAINTENANCE REMARKS I ) Clean fuel filter and fuel tank. (4) T u r n the starting pulley by hand and leave it where the resistance is the heaviest. Remove blower housing and clean up between fins and housing. REMARKS I I ) Overhaul engine. REMARKS Carbon deposits in combustion chamber causes lack of power. Reinstall the plug.72 - . MAINTENANCE MAINTENANCE 1 ) Remove carbon from cylinder head. (6) Put a plastic cover or the like over the engine and store the engine in dry place. (YEARLY) MAINTENANCE I MAINTENANCE ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ I Clean and correct parts. 13-6 EVERY 1000 HRS. 2) Inspect cooling system and remove dirt and chaff. (2) Drain fuel from the fucl tank and carburetor float chamber. ( 5 ) Clean o u t s i d e of the engine with oiled c l o t h .13-4 EVERY 100-200 HRS. 2) Disassemble and clean carburetor. 13-5 EVERY 500-600 HRS. . 13-7 ENGINE STORAGE ( I ) Perform the above 13-1 and 13-2 maintenance jobs. (3) To prevent rust i n the cylinder bore. apply oilthrough the spark plug hole and turn the crankshaft several t u r n s by hand. 2) Replace fuel lines once a year. Avoid hazards caused by fuel leakage. Replace piston rings and other necessary parts.
Industrial Engines .