Don't be tricked by legal words

http://www.notfooledbygovernment.com/taxed income.htm

Don't be fooled by the word "income"

The US Supreme Court confirmed: "… the 16th amendment conferred no new powers of taxation"
Stanton v. Baltic Mining Co. 240 US 103 (1915)

HOME TOPICS: Abortion Birth certificates Census Child vaccinations Citizenship Democracy Divorce industry Drug laws Economic Crisis Energy Environmentalism Firearms Forced schooling Freedom Gay Marriage Global Warming Gun Control Health care costs Immigrants rights Immigration laws Income tax IRS Judicial reform Jury duty Lawyers Marriage licenses Martial Law Oaths parental roles Perjury laws Pet licenses Police brutality Police perjury Selective service Right to remain silent Right to travel SSN, employees SSN, newborns Survival Tax, Income Tax returns Unlawful arrest Water rights Welfare Income Tax is the Second plank of the Communist Manifesto. Income tax IS communism. People thought Communism would never happen in America. In 1799 Thomas Jefferson, while he was Vice-President, in the Kentucky Resolves, reassured them that there are only three federal laws that apply to a state citizen. The three mentioned in the Constitution: piracy, treason and counterfeiting. How about you? A right cannot be taxed. If your wages are taxed, then either: You do not have a right to earn wages, or you waived your right to earn wages. Let's try to find out which one. Many people insist that the 16 wages. But does it?
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Amendment authorizes a tax on everyone's

Note: Government employees have had their wages taxed since 1862, long before the 16 wages.
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amendment. The comments here do not apply to government

Direct taxes must be Constitutionally apportioned to your State by the proportion of your State's representation (Art.1, Sect.2, Clause3 & Art1, Sect.9, Clause4). -- And, NO. The 16th amendment did not change this, the 16th amendment did not alter, add or remove any words from the original constitution, and the US Supreme Court confirmed in Stanton v. Baltic Mining Co. 240 US 103 (1915) that "… the 16th amendment conferred no new powers of taxation" - That's right! There is no such thing as an unapportioned tax on the wages of state citizens. If state citizens' wages were not taxed before the 16
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Amendment, then the

16 amendment did not confer a new power of taxation. AMENDMENT XVI. The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration. This is very different from the original proposed amendment in Senate Joint Resolution 39 as published in Congressional Record June 11, 1909 page 3377."The Congress shall have power to lay and collect direct taxes on incomes without apportionment among the several states according to population" [highlight added so you can spot the changes] The Senate Finance Committee revised it as Senate Joint Resolution 40, to what we have today. (published on Page 3900 of the Congressional Record of June 28, 1909) The word "direct" was removed from the original proposed amendment The words "from whatever source derived" were added. Nothing was changed by the 16 Amendment. There is no new taxing authority. The amendment DID NOT eliminate apportionment, nor convert direct taxes into indirect taxes. The tax is still on the income, not on the source. Since the word direct was deleted, it can never be argued that there is a direct tax on incomes. There is not now, nor can there ever be a direct tax on incomes. (except for federal employees who are already subject to fed jurisdiction) The Senators who swore oaths to uphold and perpetuate the Constitution did not circumvent it. Since tax collectors could always seize assets without regard to their source, no new taxing authority was created. The income tax was to be a tax on the profits earned from savings accounts. When the States ratified the 16 Amendment, they did so only upon the assurance, over and over again, that salaries would not be taxed. Only profit from savings was to be taxed, and only then as an indirect tax. Not as a direct tax on people.
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Don't be tricked by legal words

http://www.notfooledbygovernment.com/taxed income.htm

Here are proofs that the 16 Amendment was never intended to tax wages: New York Times August 3, 1909 front page. Excerpt. "The only interruption to his speech was a query by Representative Glover… - who wanted to know if the amendment would affect salaries." If you have the same question, then read the response. Congressional debates, Congressional Record, August 28 1913 Senator Lawrence Y. Sherman on page 3843 debating the income tax amendment, insisted that the word "income" referred only to earnings on savings accounts: "The savings from the income by professional effort or by any form of skilled labor or unskilled hand becomes property. At the end of any given period that saving is a principal, and any income derived from it is an income from property, not an income from the earning capacity or the personal ability of the taxpayer in question… Those investments that produce an income from a property I think are properly to be distinguished from those arising from the earning capacity of the individual." Also on page 3843 Senator Cummins :"I assume that every lawyer will agree with me that we cannot legislatively interpret the meaning of the word 'income'. That is purely a judicial matter. We cannot enlarge the meaning of the word 'income'. The word 'income' had a well-defined meaning before the amendment … If we could call anything income that we pleased, we could obliterate all the distinction between income and principal…. Congress can not affect the meaning of the word 'income' by any legislation whatsoever…. obviously the people of this country did not intend to give to Congress the power to levy a direct tax upon all the property of this country without apportionment." “None are so hopelessly enslaved, as those who falsely believe that they are free.” ~ Goethe And the courts agree: U.S. v. Ballard 400 F2d 404: "The general term 'income' is not defined in the Internal Revenue Code." Wilby v. Mississippi, 47 S 465: "It certainly was not the intention of the legislature to levy a tax upon honest toil and labor." Edwards v. Keith, 231 Fed 1: "One does not derive income by rendering services and charging for them.... IRS cannot enlarge the scope of the statute" US Supreme Court in Evens v. Gore, 253 US 245 concerning a tax on salary: “After further consideration, we adhere to that view and accordingly hold that the Sixteenth Amendment does not authorize or support the tax in question”. US Supreme Court in Lucas v. Earl 281 US 111: "The claim that salaries, wages, and compensation for personal services are to be taxed as an entirety… is without support either in the language of the Act or in the decisions of the courts construing it. Not only this but it is directly opposed to provisions of the Act and to regulations of the Treasury Department… It is to be noted that by the language of the Act it is not 'salaries, wages or compensation for personal services' that are to be included in gross income. That which is to be included is 'gains, profits and income derived' from salaries… " US Supreme Court in M.E. Blatt Co. v. U.S. 59 SCt190: "Treasury regulations can add nothing to income as defined by Congress." Oliver v. Halstead 86 SE 2d 859: "Compensation for labor cannot be regarded as profit within the meaning of the law." Olk v. United States, Fed 18 (1975): "Tips are gifts and therefore are not taxable." United States v. Snider, Fed 645 (1974): "Listing three billion dependents on his W-4 was ruled as proper. His refusal to stand for judge was held legal by Fourth U.S. Court of Appeals. Original action and conviction was under 26 USC 7205." Penn Mutual Indemnity Co. v. Commissioner (32 Tax Court page 681): "that which is not income in fact manifestly cannot be made such by the legislative expedient of calling it income …" Spring Valley Water Works v. Barber 33 P 735: "A right common in every citizen such as the right to own property or to engage in business of a character not requiring regulation CANNOT, however, be taxed as a special franchise by first prohibiting its exercise and then permitting its enjoyment upon the payment of a certain sum of money.” Tennessee Supreme Court in Jack Cole v. Commissioner MacFarland 337 SW2d 453 (1960): "The right to receive income or earnings is a right belonging to every person, and realization and receipt of income is therefore not a "privilege that can be taxed." [from:Taxation West Key 933] In this 1960 case, the Tennessee Supreme Court also quoted prior decisions that defined the term `privilege' in contradistinction to a right: "Legislature ... cannot name something to be a taxable privilege unless it is first a privilege." "Privileges are special rights, belonging to the individual or class,

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Don't be tricked by legal words

http://www.notfooledbygovernment.com/taxed income.htm

and not to the mass; properly, an exemption from some general burden, obligation or duty; a right peculiar to some individual or body" US Supreme Court in McCulloch v. Maryland, 4 Wheat 316: "If it could be said that the state had the power to tax a right, this would enable the state to destroy rights guaranteed by the constitutions through the use of oppressive taxation. ... The power to tax involves the power to destroy." U.S. Supreme Court in Butcher's Union v. Crescent City 111US746: "The property which every man has in his own labor, as it is the original foundation of all other property, so it is the most sacred and inviolable. ... to hinder his employing this strength and dexterity in what manner he thinks proper without injury to his neighbor, is a plain violation of this most sacred property." In the 1959 Tax Court case Penn Mutual Indemnity Co. v. Commissioner (32 Tax Court page 681): “The rule of Eisner v. Macomber has been reaffirmed on so many occasions that citation of the cases to this effect would be unnecessarily burdensome... Moreover, that which is not income in fact manifestly cannot be made such by the legislative expedient of calling it income....” Laureldale Cemetery Assoc. v. Matthews, 345 A 239, and 47 A.2d 277 (1946): “Reasonable compensation for labor or services rendered is not profit.” US Supreme Court in Murdock v. Pennsylvania, 319 US 105, at 113 (1943): "A state may not... impose a charge for the enjoyment of a right granted by the Federal constitution." U.S. Supreme Court in Magnano Co. v. Hamilton 292 US 40 "The power to tax the exercise of a [right] ... is the power to control or suppress its enjoyment." President Jefferson, concluding his first inaugural address, March 4, 1801: "... a wise and frugal government, which shall restrain men from injuring one another, which shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvement, and shall not take from the mouth of labor the bread it has earned. This is the sum of good government… " Spreckels Sugar Ref. Co. v. Mclain, 24 SCt 382 (1904): "the citizen is exempt from taxation unless the same is imposed by clear and unequivocal language". Oregon Supreme Court in Redfield v. Fisher, 292 P 813, pg 819 (1930): "The individual, unlike the corporation, cannot be taxed for the mere privilege of existing. The corporation is an artificial entity which owes its existence and charter powers to the state: but the individuals' right to live and own property are natural rights for the enjoyment of which an excise cannot be imposed." Long v. Ramussen, 281 F 236, 238 (1922):"The revenue laws are a code or system in regulation of tax assessment and collection. They relate to taxpayers, and not to non-taxpayers. The later are without their scope. No procedure is prescribed for non-taxpayers, and no attempt is made to annul any of their rights and remedies in due course of law. With them Congress does not assume to deal, and they are neither of the subject nor of the object of the revenue law." Reaffirmed in Gerth v. US, 132 F Supp 894 (1955) and in Economy Heating Co. v. US, 470 F2d 585 (1972) Regal Drug Co v. Wardell, 260 US 386: ”Congress may not, under the taxing power, assert a power not delegated to it by the Constitution." US Supreme Court in Hurtado v. California 110 US 516: "The state cannot diminish the rights of the people." Sherar v. Cullen, 481 F2d 946(1973) "... there can be no sanction or penalty imposed upon one because of his exercise of constitutional rights" Miller v. US, 230 F2d 489 "The claim and exercise of a Constitutional right cannot be converted into a crime." The current income tax law has been amended over the years, but it all started with one sentence written by congress to implement the Income Tax Amendment. This is the first paragraph of the 1913 Income Tax law 38 Stat 166. This is the ONLY law that the government says applies to federal citizens. It is only one sentence. The rest of the 37 pages are for income tax of corporations. As you study this sentence, remember that Congressmen cannot and do not impose direct taxation contrary to the Constitution Article 1, Section 9 -- which did not change with the 16th Amendment -- "… the 16th amendment conferred no new powers of taxation" Stanton v. Baltic Mining Co. 240 US 103 (1915). " That there shall be levied, assessed, collected and paid annually upon the entire net income arising or accruing from all sources in the preceding calendar year to every citizen of the United States , whether residing at home or abroad, and to every person residing in the United States , though not a citizen thereof , a tax of 1 per centum per annum upon such income, EXCEPT as herein after provided; and a like tax shall be assessed, levied, collected, and paid annually upon the entire net income from all property owned and of every business, trade or profession carried on in the United States by persons residing elsewhere." Thomas Jefferson said “That to compel a man to furnish contributions of money for the propagation of opinions which he disbelieves and abhors, is sinful and tyrannical.” -- The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 2, p. 545

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Don't be tricked by legal words

http://www.notfooledbygovernment.com/taxed income.htm

Quote from Frederic Bastiat in 1850: “When plunder becomes a way of life for a group of men living together in a society, they create for themselves in the course of time, a legal system that authorizes it and a moral code that glorifies it.” Back in 1988 I wrote a letter to my congressman asking what made me liable for income tax, and documenting my search of the tax laws. I never got an answer. Warning: do not try this at home unless you want to get on the IRS hit list. By 1989 I was writing letters to tax experts trying to get answers to most of my tax questions. Do not try this at home The slaves under Pharaoh only had a 20% tax on income. Genesis 47:24. They got to keep 80% of what they made as a living allowance. God considered this to be slavery and freed them. The opinions expressed on this web site are solely those of the author Steven D. Miller. Please report any factual errors.

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