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Short Functional text

Definition : 1. Short functional text is a text to give information / warning to the listener or reader that something is important to be know. 2. Short Functional Text is a short text containing the command, direction, something to be done or should not be done which may be a ban (Prohibition), invitations (invitation), Greeting Cards, messaging (short message), shopping lists, warning (notice), announcement, and others that contain meaning and are used in everyday communication. Short Functional text : SIGN NOTICE LETTER POSTCARD SHOPPING LIST ANNOUNCEMENT CONGRATULATION CARD NOTE / MEMO / SHORT MESSAGE Notice NO ENTRANCE CAUTION ! DO NOT ENTER NO SMOKING Beware of Dog Keep your class clean Keep off the grass STAFF ONLY DO NOT LITTER Announcement Spoken announcement Example : Attention, please : To all passengers of Argolawu train, please get on board now. The train is going to leave in 5 minutes. Thank you. Written announcement Example : ANNOUNCEMENT School Trip To Parangtritis Sands Beach

On 20 of December, there will be a school trip to Parangtritis Sand Beach. Departure : 07.30 a.m programs : swimming, games, volleyball, and lunch at the Parangtritis Beach Hotel Restaurant Fee : Rp 75.000,00 Contact Person : Aziiz, Bima, Usy Chairperson, Anis Istiqomah IDENTITY CARD Surname Given Name : TIMMY MARK TIMOTHY Nationality : UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Date of Birth : 08 NOV 1966 Date of issue : 05 MAY 2005 Date of expiration : 04 MAY 2010 Holders Signature SHOPPING LIST 30 kg rice 4 kg sugar 2 lt cooking oil 3 kg eggs 1 pack tea 1 bottle shampoo 2 bars of soap 1 kg washing powder Drinking water Soft drink Food Lunch Fruits Cakes Cookies Comics NOTE/MEMO/SHORT MESSAGE Dear kids, Mommy is going to the supermarket. Your lunch is on the table. Love, Mommy

Dear Lisa, Lets study together at my house this afternoon, O.K.? Call me if you cant. Yours, Ratna Dear sister, I lost my color pen. Now, I want to use yours. May I? Yours, Rino POSTCARD Parangkusuma, November 2008 Dear Jack, Here we are in Parangkusuma at last! The sea looks beautiful and were having wonderful time. We wish you were here! Love from us all and see you soon in Jakarta. Tuti, Benny and the kids To : Jack Subandrio Manahan Street 89 Jakarta 12345 CONGRATULATION CARD To congratulate someone on : Graduation Anniversaries Birthday Holy days (IdulFitri, New Year, ) Example : HAPPY BIRTHDAY MAY YOUR WISHES COME TRUE HAVE A NICE HOLIDAY Happy new year. Have a bright & joyful year GET WELL CARD It is sent to somebody who is ill or hospitalized. (they do not usually visit the patient) GET WELL SOON I HOPE THIS MAKES YOU FEEL BETTER WE HOPE YOU BACK TO WORK/SCHOOL AGAIN SOON

INSTRUCTIONS - PROCEDURE USING A CORRECTION PEN 1. Shake well with the cap on before using. 2. Remove the cap. 3. Gently press tip to paper and lightly squeeze bottle.

Report Text
Definition of Report Report is a text which presents information about something, as it is. It is as a result of systematic observation and analysis Generic Structure of Report 1. General classification: Stating classification of general aspect of thing; animal, public place, plant, etc which will be discussed in general 2. Description: Describing the thing which will be discussed in detail; part per part , customs or deed for living creature and usage for materials Language Feature of Report Introducing group or general aspect Using conditional logical connection; when, so, etc Using simple present tense

Analytical Exposition

To persuade the reader or listener that there is something that, certainly, needs to get attention To analyze a topic and to persuade the reader that this opinion is correct and supported by arguments Examples: argumentative essay, exploratory essay

Generic Structure: 1. Thesis : Introduces the topic and shows speaker or writers position; Outlines of the arguments are presented. 2. Arguments : It consists about Point and Elaboration Point, states the main argument Elaboration, develops and supports each point of argument 3. Conclusion : Reiteration (restatement), restates speaker or writers position Language Features:

Focus on generic human and non-human participants, e.g.: car, pollution, leaded petrol car Use abstract noun, e.g.: policy, government Use of relational processes, e.g.: It is important Modal verbs, e.g.: we must preserve Modal adverbs, e.g.: certainly we. Connective or Use of internal conjunction to state argument, e.g.: first, secondly, then, finally) Evaluative language, e.g.: important, valuable, trustworthy, etc. Giving reasons through causal conjunction (e.g. so, thus, therefore, hence) Use of present tense Passive sentence

Checklist Narrative (RTF 32KB) (RTF) Purpose The basic purpose of narrative is to entertain, to gain and hold a readers' interest. However narratives can also be written to teach or inform, to change attitudes / social opinions eg soap operas and television dramas that are used to raise topical issues. Narratives sequence people/characters in time and place but differ from recounts in that through the sequencing, the stories set up one or more problems, which must eventually find a way to be resolved. Types of narrative There are many types of narrative. They can be imaginary, factual or a combination of both. They may include fairy stories, mysteries, science fiction, romances, horror stories, adventure stories, fables, myths and legends, historical narratives, ballads, slice of life, personal experience. Features

Characters with defined personalities/identities. Dialogue often included - tense may change to the present or the future.

Descriptive language to create images in the reader's mind and enhance the story.

Structure In a Traditional Narrative the focus of the text is on a series of actions: Orientation: (introduction) in which the characters, setting and time of the story are established. Usually answers who? when? where? eg. Mr Wolf went out hunting in the forest one dark gloomy night. Complication or problem: The complication usually involves the main character(s) (often mirroring the complications in real life). Resolution: There needs to be a resolution of the complication. The complication may be resolved for better or worse/happily or unhappily. Sometimes there are a number of complications that have to be resolved. These add and sustain interest and suspense for the reader. To help students plan for writing of narratives, model, focusing on:

Plot: What is going to happen? Setting: Where will the story take place? When will the story take place? Characterisation: Who are the main characters? What do they look like? Structure: How will the story begin? What will be the problem? How is the problem going to be resolved? Theme: What is the theme / message the writer is attempting to communicate?


Action verbs: Action verbs provide interest to the writing. For example, instead of The old woman was in his way try The old woman barred his path. Instead of She laughed try She cackled. Written in the first person (I, we) or the third person (he, she, they). Usually past tense. Connectives,linking words to do with time. Specific nouns: Strong nouns have more specific meanings, eg. oak as opposed to tree. Active nouns: Make nouns actually do something, eg. It was raining could become Rain splashed down or There was a large cabinet in the lounge could become A large cabinet seemed to fill the lounge. Careful use of adjectives and adverbs: Writing needs judicious use of adjectives and adverbs to bring it alive, qualify the action and provide description and information for the reader. Use of the senses: Where appropriate, the senses can be used to describe and develop the experiences, setting and character: o What does it smell like?

o o o o

What can be heard? What can be seen - details? What does it taste like? What does it feel like?