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EH/JAN 2012/CBE682

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA FINAL EXAMINATION

COURSE COURSE CODE EXAMINATION TIME

SEPARATION PROCESSES II

CBE682

JANUARY 2012 3 HOURS

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

  • 1. This question paper consists of five (5) questions.

  • 2. Answer ALL questions in the Answer Booklet. Start each answer on a new page.

  • 3. Do not bring any material into the examination room unless permission is given by the invigilator.

  • 4. Please check to make sure that this examination pack consists of:

i) the Question Paper ii) a one-page Appendix 1 iii)a one-page Appendix 2 iv)an Answer Booklet - provided by the Faculty

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

This examination paper consists of 3 pn'nted pages

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EH/JAN 2012/CBE682

QUESTION 1

(P06, C03, C2, C5)

  • a) In adsorption

processes

one or more components

of

a

gas

or

liquid stream

are

adsorbed on the surface of a solid adsorbent and a separation is accomplished. The adsorbent is usually in the form of small particles in a fixed bed. Give three (3) examples of commercially available adsorbents and describe the characteristics to each of them.

(12 marks)

  • b) As a Trainee Engineer in your company, you have been given the assignment to remove moisture from a protein product that is sensitive to high temperature. The final product requires only low purity protein. Suggest a suitable unit operation to achieve the task and describe the concept or principles. Justify your answer with the advantages of that particular separation process.

(13 marks)

QUESTION 2

(P02, C02, C3)

A viscous solution containing particles with a density p p = 1461 kg/m 3 is to be clarified by

centrifugation. The solution density p = 801 kg/m

3

and its viscosity is 100 cp. The centrifuge

has a bowl with /•* = 0.00716 m, r 2 = 0.02225 m and height, b = 0.1970 m. Calculate the

critical particle diameter, Dpc of the largest particles in the exit stream if N = 23 000 rev/min and the flow rate q = 0.002832 m 3 /h.

QUESTION 3

(P02, P06, C02, C01, C4, C3)

(10 marks)

  • a) A hot solution of Ba(N0 3 ) 2 from an evaporator contains 30.6 kg Ba(NO 3 )2/100 kg H 2 0 and goes to a crystallizer where the solution is cooled and Ba(N0 3 ) 2 crystallizes. By cooling, 10% of the original water present evaporates. For a feed solution of 100 kg total, calculate the yield of crystals if the solution is cooled to 290 K, where the solubility is 8.6 kg Ba(NO 3 ) 2 /100 kg total water.

(12 marks)

  • b) Crystallizers may be classified according to the method of suspending the growing product crystals. Examples are crystallizers where the suspension is agitated in a tank, or is circulated in a scraped surface exchanger. Choose one of these crystallizers and describe in detail its operation.

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(8 marks)

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QUESTION 4

(P02, C02, C3)

EH/JAN 2012/CBE682

You are assigned by the Process Engineer to separate an air stream using a membrane of

  • 1 mm thick with an oxygen permeability of

P' A = 500 X 10" 10 cm 3 (STP)cm/(scm 2 cm Hg).

An a* = 10 for oxygen permeability divided by nitrogen permeability will be used. The feed rate, feed composition and fraction cut are L f = 1 X 10 6 cm 3 (STP)/s, x, = 0.209 and 9 = 0.20, respectively. The pressures selected for use are p h = 190 cm Hg and Pi = 19 cm Hg. Assuming the complete-mixing model,

  • a) Calculate the permeate composition, y p .

  • b) Calculate the reject composition, x 0 .

(8 marks)

(3 marks)

  • c) Determine the membrane area, A m , needed to achieve the separation process. (4 marks)

QUESTION 5

(P06, P02, C01, C02, C2, C5)

Leaching processes are used extensively in the metals processing industries. The useful metals usually occur in mixtures with very large amounts of undesirable constituents, and leaching is used to remove the metals as soluble salts.

  • a) Describe the preparation process of solids for leaching materials.

of inorganic and organic

(10 marks)

  • b) A continuous countercurrent multistage system is to be used to leach oil from meal by benzene solvent. The process is to treat 2000 kg/h of inert solid meal (B) containing 800 kg oil (A) and also 50 kg benzene (C). The inlet flow per hour of fresh solvent

mixture contains

1310 kg benzene

and 20 kg oil. The

leached solids are to contain

120 kg oil. The underflow is constant at N = 1.85 kg solid/kg solution. Calculate the amounts and compositions of the two exit streams, and find the total number of theoretical stages. Attach Appendix 2 to your answer booklet.

(20 marks)

END OF QUESTION PAPER

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APPENDIX 1

EH/JAN 2012/CBE682

2TJN

FORMULA LIST

l.

o) =

60

2.

V = 7rb(r 2 2

-r, 2 )

= fi> 2 (p, -

p) V

(V)

q °

18Ailn[2r 2 /(r 1+ r 2 )]

+ yjb 2
4-

-b

y„ =

-Aac

 

2a

5.

A

=

0L f y p

 

>

,

Jt){PhXo-

 

.)

6 -

y P =

-6,

+ A 2 - 4fl i

2a x

 

a l =0

+ ^--^-0-a*0-a*^-

 

+

a*^ L 0

 

Ph

Ph

Ph

Ph

8

b l =l-0-x f --^

 

+

£-e

+ a*e

+ a*2 L -a*2 L 0

PH

+

a*x f

 

Ph

Ph

Ph

 

9.

c x =

-a*x f

10.

W GX =c s {T G ,-T 0 ) + H,X o

 

11.

#'si

=C P SK-TO)

+ *XC IU (T SI

-T 0 )

  • 12. Co =1.005+ 1.88/7

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APPENDIX 2

EH/JAN 2012/CBE682

N (kg inert solids / kg solution)

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