A THESIS

Submitted to the English Department of Faculty of Teachers Training and Education as Partial Fulfillment to the Requirement to Obtain the Degree of Sarjana Pendidikan Majoring in Teaching English

By

ARIF RAHMAN HAKIM

A8B205048

THE ENGLISH DEPARTMENT

FACULTY OF TEACHERS TRAINING AND EDUCATION LAMBUNG MANGKURAT UNIVERSITY BANJARMASIN 2011

LETTER OF APPROVAL

This is to certify that the thesis entitled “A Descriptive Study on the Students’ Mastery of English Vocabulary at the Eighth Grade of SMP Negeri 4 Martapura in Academic Year 2010/2011” has been approved by the thesis advisors for oral examination.

Banjarmasin, February 2011

Advisor I

Drs. Fatchul Mu’in, M.Hum NIP. 19610304 198903 1 003

Advisor II

Noor Eka Chandra, S.Pd, M.Pd NIP. 1977023 200112 2 003

Approved by, The Head of English Department

Drs. Fatchul Mu’in, M.Hum NIP. 19610304 198903 1 003

19610304198903 1 003 Examiner II . Fatchul Mu’in. Banjarmasin. February 2011 Examiner I Drs. M.EXAMINATION SHEET This is to certify that Sarjana’s thesis entitled “A Descriptive Study on the Students’ Mastery of English Vocabulary at the Eighth Grade of SMP Negeri 4 Martapura in Academic Year 2010/2011” has been approved by the Board Examiners as the requirements for degree of Sarjana in English Language Education.H NIP.

19610304 198903 1 003 . The head of English Department Drs. Fatchul Mu’in. 19760806 200112 2 002 Approved by. 1977023 200112 2 003 Examiner III Jumariati.S. M. M.Hum NIP.Pd NIP.Pd.PD NIP. S.PD. M.Noor Eka Chandra.

“A Descriptive Study on the Students’ Mastery of English Vocabulary at the Eighth Grade of SMP Negeri 4 Martapura in Academic Year 2010/2011“. Each test consists of 40 items. Advisors: (1) Drs. 91 and 58.Pd Vocabulary is one of the important language elements the students should master. 2011. This research used a descriptive quantitative-qualitative method. The total number of population is 220 students. S. the sample is determined by using cluster random sampling technique. The instrument that is used in colleting data was tests which were held on 1st – 14th of November 2010. it can be concluded that the English vocabulary mastery of the eighth grade students of SMP Negeri 4 martapura is in the “enough” category which mean that vocabulary mastery of the eight grade students of SMP Negeri 4 Martapura in academic year 2010/2011 is in average level compared to the level of vocabulary mastery that should be mastered by them. Based on the data analysis. In this research. (2) Noor Eka Chandra. They consist of 30 multiple choice items and 10 matching words items. The results of questionnaire show that the students got problem in doing the test because the test was difficult. mastering vocabulary plays a vital role in the development of the study English.Pd. 02 is classified into enough level. they can shape their English and think that English as one of their subjects at school and their careers. M. The subject of this research is the eighth grade students of SMP Negeri 4 Martapura. Hum. 02 and according to the category. And questionnaire which consists of 15 questions which are divided into 2 parts. Besides. The result of the test indicates that the students‟ English vocabulary mastery of the eighth grade students of SMP Negeri 4 Martapura in test 1 is 55. . Mastering vocabulary is very important because it is the key to the students‟ understanding what they hear and read. English Department of Faculty of Teacher Training and Education Lambung Mangkurat University. The first is multiple choice questions which consist of 10 questions and the second part is essay which consists of 5 questions. The sample of this research is 56 students. 91 and in test 2 is 58. The writer suggests that English teacher should have some techniques to teach vocabulary for example the teacher can use the real object to show the meaning of the words. in order to make the students easier in mastering vocabulary and learning English subject. Fatchul Mu‟in M. communicate successfully with other people. 55.ABSTRACT Arif Rahman Hakim. The aim of the research is to find out the description of the students‟ vocabulary mastery of the eighth grade students of SMP Negeri 4 Martapura in academic year 2010/2011. By mastering vocabulary.

Pd as the head master of SMP Negeri 4 Martapura. and Shalawat to Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu „alaihi wassalam. Mama (Alm). as well as encouragement writing and completing the thesis. Azmi. Mega. Rizkon. The Merciful. Yuvi. S. for their love. so that this thesis finally can be finished by the researcher. Seman. There are many persons involved in conducting this thesis. Julijar. as the English teacher. therefore he expects critics. The writer confesses that this research still has many weaknesses. and Miss Erna. opinions or suggestions from the readers. Thanks for willingness in helping the writer in collecting the data. Jaynaturrahmah. Drs. Abdi . Safwan. Taif. Udin. His Brother Ahmad Lutfi for his love and happiness. 5. So the writer would like to express his great gratitude to all who support the finishing of this thesis especially to: 1. Ina. Muhammad Arsyad. This thesis has been accomplished by love and blessing of Allah Subhanahu Wata‟ala The Beneficent. Mahmud. . Fatchul Mu‟in. M. M. Ijai. Syafie. Yusuf Al arief. Icha. 3. All of the English Department lectures. He hopes that this research can give something useful to us. who have given him many knowledge during his study at FKIP UNLAM 4. Mika and the others for supporting and helping the writer in completing the thesis.Pd. Miss Nuri.Pd as the second advisor for having given him invaluable and continues guidance and advice. The writer‟s parents. Riska. 6. Deshi.FOREWORD Alhamdulillahhi Rabbil „Alamin. Source of Knowledge.Yusuf. 2. Drs. Atang. The writer‟s friend. M. and Ibu. Hum. Kiki. as the Head of English Department and first advisor for his support and the chance given for completing this thesis. Source of Compassionate for the countless love. Ihksan. Nita. Noor Eka Chandra. Aufa. support and pray. Abah. Wardani.

Banjarmasin, Maret, 2011

The Writer

TABLE OF CONTENT LETTER OF APPROVAL…………….……………………… ………………………i EXAMINATION SHEET………………………….…………………………………ii ABSTRACT …………………………………………………………………………iii FOREWORD………………………………………………………………………….iv TABLE OF CONTENT……………………………………………………………….v LIST OF APPENDIXES…………………………………………………………….viii

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION………………………………………………….…..1 1.1. Background…………………………………………………………………….1 1.2. Research Problem……………………………………………………………………………………4 1.3.The Objective……………………………………………………………………4 1.4.Scope…………………………………………………………………………….4 1.5. Significances……………………………………………………………………4 1.6. Definition of terms…………………………………………………………….5 Chapter II REVIEW OF LITERATURE……………………………………………..6 2.1. Definitions of Vocabulary………………………………………………………6 2.2. The kinds of Vocabulary………………………………………………………..8 2.3. Mastering English Vocabulary………………………………………………..10 2.4. Some Ways to Develop English Vocabulary Mastery………………………..11 2.5.Some Factors that Influences the English Vocabulary Mastery……………….15 2.6. The English Vocabulary in Junior High School………………………………17 Chapter III METHODOLOGY OF THE RESEARCH………………………….…..19 3.1. The Method of the Research…………………………………………………..19 3.2. The Subject of Research………………………………………………………19 3.2.1. The Population……………………………………………………..……19 3.2.2 The Sample……………………………………………………………….20 3.3. The Technique of Collecting Data…………………………………………….20 3.4. The Validity of the Test………………………………………………………..21 3.5. The Reliability of the Test………………………………………………..……22 3.6. The Technique of Analyzing the Data………………………………………..22

Chapter IV DATA ANALYSIS……………………………………………….….….25 4.1. The Description of the Subject………………………………………………..25 4.2. The Result of the Test………………………………………………………….25 4.3. The Result of the Questionnaire……………………………………………….29 4.4. Discussions…………………………………………………………………….33 Chapter V Conclusion and Suggestion………………………………………………36 5.1. Conclusion……………………………………………………………………36 5.2. Suggestion……………………………………………………………………36 Bibliography…………………………………………………………………………37

LIST OF APPENDIXES

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Test 1 Test 2 Questionnaire The key answer of test 1 The key answer of test 1 The name of students The students test result of test 1 and test 2

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background .

org/importance. second. From the statement above. mastery vocabulary is very important. especially when it comes to our career.html) “Accessed on 28 November 2009”. In fact. vocabulary is one of the important language elements the students should master. more than any other factor. They are structure. they have many experiences that play a vital role in the development of their study. First. Mastering vocabulary is a basic part to learn English skills. the more eloquently we will be able to communicate our ideas to people. English is taught as a foreign language that has four skills. was common to people enjoying successful careers in life. there are some other important things of mastery vocabulary. it can be said that if the students learn all four skills. reading. (http://www. and the last Vocabulary mastery will allow people to become smarter and it will also allow them to become better informed.improving vocabulary. Vocabulary mastery is very important to every language. they have to master the vocabulary. namely listening. language and thought are inseparable. it is hoped that they will have more vocabulary (because they are easier to catch new vocabularies) and will help them in studying English in the next level of school (Senior High School) or in the university.English is said to be the world‟s most important language having communicative and educative value. he said that a good vocabulary. pronunciation and spelling. speaking and writing. It is supported by Wanityastuti (2001) in her research A Descriptive Study on Vocabulary Mastery of The First Year Students of SLTP 1 Wonosari Yogyakarta in 2000. Therefore. Harris (1996:9) stated that vocabulary and grammar are two very important elements shared by all four skills. Each language in the world may have thousands of words. The syllabus items for junior high school in Wanityastuti (2001:1) showed that the students should have the vocabulary knowledge of 2500 words. Being able to effectively communicate our ideas to people. The research showed that the vocabulary mastery of the first year students of SLTP 1 Wonosari . vocabulary. what they get is far below what they have to achieve. English is used all over the world not out of any imposition but because of the realization that it has certain advantages. It is dynamic and flexible. The four skills are supported by the learning of language elements. Beside that. A very important reason for regarding English as a world language is that the world‟s knowledge is enshrined in English. The more words that we know out of language. David P.call4all. Beside those reasons above. it follows that knowing more words give our mind more ways to think about things and more tools to plan and solve problems. (http://www. Language is as the tool to think. plan. Over and above English is universally renowned for its power of expression and its rich literature. It is suitable with the statement of John Langan (1992: 422).) “Accessed on 28 November 2009”. It is because in their early years. It is a progressive language. So that they can use their English in order to communicate to other people from other countries later.php?fi=v. people who are knowing their vocabulary mastery can greatly increase their IQ. By mastering vocabulary. Therefore. In Indonesia. In the process of teaching and learning English in Junior High School. they can shape their English and think that English as one of their subjects at school and their careers.us/home/ all. if not hundreds of thousands. solve problems and succeed. we can open up a number of doors.

Because of this importance. 1. the writer is able to inform it to the teacher and the students. Based on the descriptions above.Yogyakarta in 2000 classified into category fail. Because the students of SLTP 1 Wonosari Yogyakarta in 2000 got the vocabulary knowledge below 2500 words. (3) The writer believes that by knowing the result.3 The Objective In this research the writer wants to find out the English vocabulary mastery at the eighth grade students of SMP Negeri 4 Martapura 1. the writer would like to conduct the research entitle “A Descriptive Study on the Students‟ Mastery of English Vocabulary at the Eighth Grade of SMP Negeri 4 Martapura in Academic Year 2010/2011“. so that. (2) SMP Negeri 4 Martapura is one of a well-known school in Martapura based on its students national examination score (UAN score) which is above average. The reasons why the writer chooses the topic about English vocabulary mastery are (1) Vocabulary mastery is a vital part of effective communication. The reasons why the writer chooses SMP Negeri 4 Martapura is because: (1) the students who entered SMP Negeri 4 Martapura had been chosen selectively based on entrance test that is held by the school itself.4 Scope There are three items in this scope of this research: . the writer wants to conduct the thesis about students‟ English vocabulary mastery. the writer wants to conduct a study on the students‟ vocabulary mastery. they can evaluate their way in teaching and learning vocabulary. the vocabulary mastery is a basic part to learn English skills. Because of this importance. It is expected that the result of this research can be presented to other schools. the writer find that they had limited vocabulary. 1. Besides.2 Research Problem This research tries to find the answer of the following question: “How is the English vocabulary mastery at the eighth grade students of SMP Negeri 4 Martapura in academic year 2010/2011?” The English vocabulary mastery in the research problem above stated as ability of the students to define a word and use it correctly. (2) Based on the previous experiences when the writer taught Junior High School students.

1995: 256). To enlarge and enrich the writer‟s knowledge of English who is studying at English Department and as a candidate of English teacher. complete control (Oxford Learner‟s Pocket Dictionary. Vocabulary Vocabulary is total number of words in a language (Oxford Learner‟s Pocket Dictionary. . Mastery Mastery means great skill or knowledge. 1995: 461). 1. As an input and information for English teacher especially at SMP Negeri 4 Martapura for improving the quality of teaching learning English vocabulary in Martapura 2. 1.The research is focused on the students‟ vocabulary mastery. In this research.The subject of the research is the eighth grade students of SMP Negeri 4 Martapura .5 Significances : The results which are going to achieve in this research are expected to contribute: 1.The location of the research is SMP Negeri 4 Martapura .6 Definition of Terms The writer will clarify the terms used in the title to make this thesis easy understand: 1.. 2. mastery means the students mastery in their vocabulary.

1995: 225). Vocabulary is one of component of language and that no language exist without words (Napa. Vocabulary is total number of words which (with rules for combining them) make up language (A.2001:22). 2. 5. mastering English vocabulary. or used by. Vocabulary is words known and used by one person or within a particular trade or profession (William Collins. 1991:6) 2. phrases. Vocabulary is a list of words and often. In the following. listening. There are several definitions of vocabulary given by some experts. and vocabulary in junior high school. 2002: 272). . It can be stated that vocabulary is the most important thing in practicing of using language.1 Definitions of Vocabulary The importance of vocabulary has been neglected. 1. because it is more than a bunch of words with their meanings. vocabulary is a crucial aspect to be developed in learning language. but the problem does not only lie on the receptive knowledge. Vocabulary is one of the language sub-skills of reading. usually arranged in alphabetical order and defined or otherwise identified as in a dictionary or glossary (Victoria. Here teachers have a big job to find a better way in order to increase student‟s production skill on vocabulary. when people began to relize that learning vocabulary is indeed not simple matter (Nation. It is not easy to teach vocabulary. The harder part lies on the limited production skill. Students in the second or foreign language clasrooms often feel offended when teachers give them new words to memorize. the kinds of vocabulary. 1986: 264). some factors that Influence the vocabulary mastery. Vocabulary is a list of words and often phrases.CHAPTER II REVIEW OF LITERATURE This chapter consists of definitions of vocabulary. In addition. They usually can memorize them quickly. usually arranged alphabetically and defined or translated (Grolier. the write would like to present some definitions of vocabulary. 1963: 461). professions. Vocabulary is range of words the own to. 1993:3) 4.S Hornby. inflectional forms. 6. speaking and writing. etc ( Hornby in Sunarmi. a person in a trade. some ways to develop vocabulary mastery. abbreviations. 3.

the writer can be conclude that vocabulary is a total number of words with meanings and definitions used by someone or students to express the idea in a language 2. there are some words in a sentence and those collections of words are included into the vocabulary because vocabulary is a list or collections of words arranged in alphabetical order explained.Sabrony 1986: 105) Examples: True × False Clean × Dirty 1. antonym.2 The Kinds of Vocabulary Surely. (Rahmadie. 1962: 320) Examples: Word Wood First Meaning a piece of a tree Second Meaning a geographical area with many trees Intelligent . 1. 2006:12) such as synonym.From those definitions about vocabulary. Examples: Good → Well Knowledge → Science 1. 2003:2). And there are many kinds of vocabulary (Nailiya. synonym is a word that has the same meaning but different in writing. Polysemy Polysemy means words which have two or more related meaning (A. homonym and definition. Antonym Antonym is a word expressing an idea directly opposite to that of another word in same language. So.S Hornby. Synonym Synonym is word that shares a similar meaning (Thornbury. polysemy.

2. It assumed that there are two or more words with some pronunciation rather than single words with different meaning. Definition Definition is statement that defines a word (Oxford Learner‟s Pocket Dictionary. Passive Vocabulary The passive vocabularies items are those total whole of vocabulary which have been met not readily serve the user. Homonym Homonym is word that shares the same form but has unrelated meaning (Thornbury. Examples : Opinion Mastery : What a person thinks or believes. fluke The end parts of an anchor 1. Unlike those kinds of vocabulary. Active Vocabulary Active vocabulary items are those communications. Examples: Word lie First Meaning To say something untrue Second Meaning To be in a horizontal position The fins on a whale„s tail. 1995: 109). : Great skill. 2002: 8). 1992: 49) divides vocabulary into two kinds: 1. complete control. . (Harmer.Bright Shining 1.

vocabulary is presented as the first consideration before students learn anything. The mastery of English vocabulary itself is closely related to the ability of the learner in acquiring the vocabulary. “Word knowledge is an essential competent of communicative competence. In fact. By having knowledge of what the purposes are. The more one can extend his recognition of words. age. Beck. Their curiosity is even bigger than the younger ones. Perfitti.Harmer in his book the term of Active and Passive vocabulary is the former refers to vocabulary that students have been though or learnt and which they are expected to be able to use. are older means needing more words to explore. Shefelbine (1990:23) asserts that. The environment support students in learning English vocabulary. Henry and Pongrantz (2006:246). but also their reading and writing as well. In addition. because vocabulary is one of the most important elements to improve the learners‟ English mastery of vocabulary that can also be developed naturally by their experience during life according to their need and education. points out that “mastering a language means being able to comprehend the vocabulary and its phonological system both in speech and in writing“.3 Mastering English Vocabulary In the classroom. Indonesian language is different from English. The same thing also works with aims. the mastery of vocabulary could be arranged or designed to reach the goals.” The mastery of vocabulary cannot be denied in learning English. and environments. Indonesian language does not belong to the same family with English. The older students need more words to study than the younger ones. Seal (1991:76) says. Indonesian is bilingual. we usually think of mastering the vocabulary of the learning the „words‟. not only learners‟ speaking skills only. The larger of these is called the recognition vocabulary and is made up of all those words one recognizes. whenever we think of language and language learning. the greater his chance of enlarging his working vocabulary. The age of students is an important factor. There at least few things to be considered in mastering vocabulary. and Mckeown (1982:87) state that: Everyone has two vocabularies. i. This factor will influence the difficulty of learning English to the most of Indonesian students. . 2. like Dutch or Germany. The second and smaller vocabulary consists of the words one actually uses in everyday speaking and writing. It means that learner who learns English as the second language must comprehend the meaning of the words and is able to apply them in sentences.e. Mastering English vocabulary to Indonesian students would not be the same with mastering English to the students from another country. The second vocabulary called the working vocabulary for its supply of words. in written and oral context.

Or students ay asked to define a set of words based on their understanding of them as they occur in the reading passage. So. Fill in the blanks Students are given a series of sentences with words missing. f. Sometimes. Translation of literary passage Students translate a reading passage from the largest language into their native language. As yet there is no sufficient evidence to show which methods of vocabulary instruction work best at different levels and with pupils of different degrees of ability. d. Antonym/Synonym Students are given one set of words and are asked to find synonym/antonym in the reading passage. students are asked to prepare a précis of the reading passage. e. Composition The teacher gives the students a topic to write about in the target language.4 Some Ways to Develop English Vocabulary Mastery There are numerous ways of helping students to acquire knowledge of many words and proficiency in their use. b. The following are the ways that are stated by Diana Larsen Freeman (1983: 13) to develop vocabulary mastery: a. Memorization Students are given lists of target language vocabulary words and their native language equivalents and are ask to memorize them. Use words in sentences In order to show that students understand the meaning and use of a new vocabulary item.2. They fill in the blanks with new vocabulary items. The topic is based upon some aspect of the reading passage of the lesson. it is a good idea for teachers of such students to keep in mind teaching techniques such as the . The reading passage focused for several classes: vocabulary and grammatical structures. Besides that. c. instead of creating a composition. Marianne Celce Muria and Elite Olshtain (2000: 49) stated that Beginning-level learners will probably not learn all their basic vocabulary through discourse-oriented activities. they make up sentences in which they use the new words.

By doing this way. funny stories and so on. These reading materials are useful for students. use their hand to write it. the students write the English words and on the other side. They will be able to extend their vocabulary by reading it. So. 3. and remember it in their mind. Using Dictionary One of the main reasons why many students still in their limitation and frustration of having vocabulary is quite simply that they cannot be bothered to look up and digest the meaning of new or unfamiliar words in a dictionary. The following are two suggestions that will be useful in helping the students master the English vocabulary by reading way: 1. Ronald H. word lists/cards and the “key word” technique to assist students in acquire English vocabulary mastery (Herliani. if the students want to enrich their vocabulary. they can look at the cards and see how many of the words they can remember. Sitorus in Herliani (2006: 16) stated that one of the ways to write the English vocabulary easily that is making a flash card. 4. After looking up the word. magazines and newspapers. Memorizing English Vocabulary The students find new words and memorize them. Read well the written English books. The students must make effort to memorize many words (new words or known words) everyday and it should be done regularly. The use of dictionary is useful to improve students‟ English vocabulary mastery. Look up each word that is unfamiliar in reading materials. One thing that must be attended. write the words and their meaning in a notebook and study them repeatedly. the students must know how to use the dictionary. the students write the definition. 2006: 13): 1. 2. 1. On one side of a small card.use of pictures. Whenever they have time. picture dictionaries. they must be more often to use dictionary and memorize new words beside the words which they have learned in the class. Re-writing English Vocabulary The students can increase their ability on English vocabulary by re-writing English vocabulary which they have learned. the students must use their eyesight to see its writing forms. This way will be helpful in increasing the students‟ memory. Reading the Written English Material The students must accustom themselves to read the written English materials like their English book subject matter related books to support their English lesson. examples: magazines. because some of students still have difficulty in using the dictionary. . Keep a notebook of unfamiliar words.

because the can learn from their mistakes. Hornby. John Langan in his book College Writing Skill (1992: 422) mentioned that there are three ways of developing word power (vocabulary development): 1. they can practice their English vocabulary by writing some sentences. 1. 5. the teacher‟s factor. “interest” means condition of wanting to know or to learn something (AS. 1962: 220). In addition. The students can use the known words in speaking exercise. If they are interested in learning English. Students‟ learning activities In getting the goal of English learning. surely that they will have interest in learning English.5 Some Factors that Influence The English Vocabulary Mastery There are some factors which could influence the mastery of English vocabulary. Vocabulary Study Books 2. and letters or in writing diary. They can try to speak in English with their English teacher or their friends. it must be done repeatedly. for acquiring the English vocabulary mastery. the students should not be afraid to make mistakes in their speaking. it is clear that interest is the important factor that can influence the mastery of English vocabulary. Regular Reading 2. Students‟ interest in English subject In Oxford Advanced Learner‟s Dictionary of Current English. Practicing the English Vocabulary in Speaking and Writing Beside those ways. In writing exercise. the students have to do the learning activities seriously. paragraph. Students‟ factors a. and the learning facilities‟ factor. Students‟ learning activities consist of the frequency of studying vocabulary at home and students‟ attendance in English class. this way must be done as often as possible or in other words.So. Word sheets 3. They are the students‟ factors. The students can write their experience in English form. they will pay more attention and enjoy when they are studying English. If the students like English subject. Sometimes writing can be used by the students to check whether they understand what they have pronounced or not. In speaking exercise. . From the definition. b. the students must practice their vocabulary in a speaking and writing exercise.

The teacher‟s techniques in teaching English vocabulary also influenced the students‟ mastery of English vocabulary. 2. the English teachers who basically have teaching English educational background will be different with the other who never has it. he or she has to know how to teach English appropriate way. teacher‟s experiences in teaching English also influence their skill in using the teaching techniques. The Teacher‟s Factor The teacher‟s factor also can influence the students‟ mastery of English vocabulary. the writer has counted the words used in Smart Step Junior High School – grade VIII and Curriculum of Junior High School – grade VIII. As an English teacher. In the following. including their vocabulary development. The knowledge about it only received from the institute of teacher‟s training and education. Using informative texts b.6 The English Vocabulary in Junior High School In order to find the number of words that should be mastered by the eighth grade students of SMP Negeri 4 Martapura. . the educational of English teacher can influence the students‟ mastery of English vocabulary too. So. the writer can find about 450 words or phrases about vocabulary in identifying meaning of word from these books. They can learn from their experience to improve their techniques of teaching English. If the learning facilities are available English books at the school library. 3. Teacher as facilitator is one of the important parts of the students to master English vocabulary.2. The learning facilities‟ factor The learning facilities‟ factor is used to support in teaching and learning to reach the goal. Using cartoons c. His or her guidance will make good result for mastery of the four skills of language by the students. This is different from the other English teacher who never studied at the institute of teacher‟s training and education. Marianne Celce Murcia and Elite Olshtain (2000:51) discuss some discourse contexts for teaching vocabulary: a. In addition. Using problem-solving tasks Besides. Finally. They don‟t have any knowledge about teaching English especially. Using interactive role plays d. especially in their way to teach English.

without the intervention of an experiment or an artificially contrived treatment (Seliger and Shohamy. namely listening. If the students have more vocabulary. (Jack R. how the function relates with the English skill development is also very important. 1996:6). Vocabulary is the important element in learning English. In the process of teaching and learning English especially vocabulary. CHAPTER III METHODOLOGY OF THE RESEARCH 3. then they will not be able to communicate (in English skill) spoken and written maximally. because the most basic constituents of a language are its vocabulary and the vocabulary is manipulated to make up meaning (Johnson. reading and writing.1 The Method of the Research The method of this research is a descriptive quantitative-qualitative. . they will be able to master those all language skills easily. The main objective of descriptive method is to describe the fact systematically or describing the characteristics of certain factual. This method is represented by test items. 2006:190). Quantitative data are reported in terms of score. This method is represented by questionnaire. and the relationship between the phenomena which are being observe.Vocabulary is very important in a language. speaking. 24). it is the first step for the students if they want to achieve their goal in learning English skill. Students must of all be familiar with some of the most basic vocabulary of the language. and exposing accurately the fact. Qualitative data concerned with providing description of phenomena that occur naturally. 1989.Fraenkel and Norman E. Vocabulary also has the function as the key to master the English language skill. without vocabulary the students cannot give information. from those explanations. Besides. it can be said that if the students do not master the vocabulary.wallen.

In this study the writer takes the eighth grade students of SMP Negeri 4 Martapura as population of the study. The researcher chose the eight grade students as the subject based on the consideration that they have studied English since they were at the seventh grade students.2. population is all the individuals from whom the data are collected. 3. the first was test held on the 1st of November 2010 and the second test held on the 14th of November 2010. a test is a procedure used to collect data on subjects‟ ability or knowledge of certain disciplines. the researcher can take 10%-15% or 20%-25% of the samples. It means. 3. there are 56 students who come from 7 classes as the sample of this research.In this case the researcher uses this method to find out the students‟ mastery of English vocabulary and students‟ problem when they did the exercise given by the researcher. So. Furthermore. 3. Based on Seliger‟s and Shohamy‟s (1989: 176) definition.2. from total 32 students in every classes the writer takes 8 students for each class randomly from the present list. 2002: 108). but if the population is more than 100. 1995: 365).google. . There is no certain rule to determine how many samples must be taken. According to Suharsimi Arikunto (2002: 109). In this study.co.2 The Subject of the Research 3. Each test consists of 40 items that is 30 multiple choice items and 10 matching words items.1 The Population Population is the entire aggregation of items from which samples can be drawn (http://www.3 The Technique of Collecting the Data To carry out a research.id/define:population) “Accessed on 18 December 2010”. Population is all individuals of the research subject (Suharsimi Arikunto. Suharsimi Arikunto (2002: 12) gives an indication to take the sample. the writer uses a test and a questionnaire as the instrument in collecting the data. Based on this definition. it is better that all of the population is used. The writer takes 25% from the total number of each class. sample is a representative of the population being the real subject of the research. If the population is less than 100. a researcher has several techniques of data collection. The tests were held twice. The sampling technique that is used in this research is cluster proportional random sampling.2 The Sample Sample is part of a whole (Hornby.

From the explanation above. meaningfulness. Heaton (1988:159) states that validity is the extent to which a test measure and nothing else. The 40 items from test 1 and test 2 that I used in this research included the four skills in mastering vocabulary. a questionnaire is printed forms data collecting.172). . Therefore. In this research the questionnaire consists of 15 questions which are divided into 2 parts. the rxy value of the calculation was consulted to r-value on the product moment table. A test can be said valid if it measures what it is supposed to measure. it can be concluded that validity refers to the disagree of truthfulness of certain test. it was intended to gain the reliability of the test. and usefulness of the specific inferences made from test scores. the method of achieving the reliability was test and re-test. 3. In addition. According to Healton in Language Testing (1974:13) the test must aim to provide a true measure of particular skill. Then it was calculated by using Pearson‟s Product Moment Coefficient Formula as follow: Where rxy = the correlation coefficient n x y = the number of the subject = the subject‟ scores on the first test = the subject‟ scores on the second test After that. The test has achieved content validity because the test measures the students‟ mastery in English vocabulary. The result of the first test was compared with the result of the second test.5 The reliability of the Test The researcher has mentioned before that the test was done twice.4 The Validity of the Test McMillan (1992:100) states that validity refers to the appropriateness. The first is multiple choice questions which consist of 10 questions and the second part is essay which consists of 5 questions. 3. p.According to Seliger and Shohamy (1989. In other words. which is intended to measure. it can be rephrased that validity is a judgment of the appropriateness of a measure for the specific inferences or decisions that result from the scores generated by the measure. which include questions and statements to which subjects is expected to respond often anomaly.

In quantitative data analysis the writer uses the percentage procedure. the researchers uses category as follow: Score Category . The number of the items is 40. Tabulating. In this case. c. the total score is 100. So. Scoring the data. 5 point. 2006: 13) d.6 The Technique of Analyzing the Data In analyzing the data this research uses quantitative-qualitative method. Finding the average score of the students‟ vocabulary mastery.3. To get the score. In this case. Editing that is recheck the correctness of the data that has been gathered. Data interpretation. the formula is: Score = the total of the right answers x 2. each item gets 2. that is collecting and listing data into table. The formula is: R S = ______ N Notes: S: The average score of the students‟ mastery R: The total students‟ score (the right answers) N: The number of students (Waniastuti. a. b. 5 (Depdiknas. which is used for giving interpretation toward data in tabulation. It is used to find out how many percent the students master the material of the test. 2001:4) e.

the researcher uses two techniques of data collecting. CHAPTER IV DATA ANALYSIS . usually linguistics units in oral or written form (Sliger and Shohamy. (2) Presenting the factual found in the data research.81 – 100 61 – 80 41 – 60 20 – 40 (Depdiknas. In quantitative data analysis the writer uses technique deal with non. Second. Firstly the test is done to measure the mastery English vocabulary of the students at the eighth grades of SMP Negeri 4 Martapura.numerical data. 2006: 13) Very Good Good Enough Bad f. 1998:240). There will be the description about the mastery English vocabulary and the description about problem in doing test that was given by the researcher. For measuring the validity of data. the questionnaire is given to the students at the eighth grades of SMP Negeri 4 Martapura. (4) Interpreting the data (Suharsimi Arikunto. 1986:201). The analysis is done by (1) Describing the instrument and data expected from the research. (3) Analyzing the data found.to get data about the problem in doing the test that was given by the researcher. Making conclusion about the students‟ vocabulary mastery.

And there were 23 (twenty three) students who get the score under 60. And there were 28 (twenty eight) students who get the score under 60. In test 2 there are 24 (twenty four) students who get score above 60. So. and it is classified into enough.1 The Multiple Choice Test Result Number of students Test 1 Test 2 Score 81-100 61-80 41-60 20-40 1 20 28 7 1 24 23 8 . in test 1 there are 20 (twenty) students who get score above 60. The classes are taught by some teachers using the same materials for every class. 81. 4.1 The description of The Subject The subject of this research was all students of the second grade which consist of 220 students that divided into seven classes. The average score in multiple choice test is 58. there are 56 students who come from 7 classes as the sample of this research. Since there are too many students. 4. moreover only 56 students served as samples. From all population. and it is classified into enough. Below is the table of the classification of the multiple choice test result. This will give much information about the students‟ mastery on the English vocabulary at the eighth grade of SMP Negeri 4 Martapura in academic year 2010/2011. the researcher just took 25% of 220 students.2 The Result of the Test In multiple choice tests. The sample was taken by the technique is cluster random of which mean: from total 32 students in every classes the writer takes 8 students for each class randomly from the present list. The average score in multiple choice test is 54. 47. Table 4.In this chapter the researcher is going to present and analyze the data which has been collected from the test and questioner.

And there were 23 (twenty three) students who get the score under 60. 82. If they do not understand the meaning of the words.In matching tests. 31. Therefore. and it is classified into enough. they can use their dictionary or ask to their friends. the students are expected to enrich their vocabulary by learning it at their school or home. in test 1 there were 23 (twenty three) students who get score above 60. Below is the table of the classification of the matching test result. it can be seen that the problem for the students who can not answer the test correctly and get the low score is that they do not understand the meaning of the words tests.2 The Matching Test Result Number of students Test 1 Test 2 Score 81-100 61-80 41-60 20-40 2 23 23 8 3 20 23 8 From the result of the research. And there were 23 (twenty three) students who get the score under 60. . The average score in matching test is 57. In test 2 there are 20 (twenty) students who get score above 60. The average score in matching test is 56. and it is classified into enough. Table 4.

there are 28 who get score between 41-60.3 The Test Result Number of students Test 1 Test 2 Score 81-100 61-80 41-60 20-40 1 20 28 7 1 24 24 7 Based on the table above. . Then. there are 24 (twenty-four) students who get score between 61-80. there are 20 (twenty) students who get score between 61-80. Table 4. Besides. there are 24 who get score between 41-60. And there are 7 (seven) students who get score between 20-40. Besides. And there are also 7 (seven) students who get score between 20-40. 91 and it is classified into enough. The average score in test 1 is 55. It has been tested on November 1-14. 02 and it is classified into enough. in test 1 there is 1 (one) student who gets the score between 81-100. 2010. In test 2 there is 1 (one) student who gets the score between 81-100.In general. Then. The average score in test 2 is 58. below is the table of the classification of students‟ test result from the highest score until the lowest score.

3 The Result of the questionnaire This question is divided into 2 parts.The first part is multiple choice items. it consist. c. d. The result of this part is tabulated on the table below: Table 4.4. The respondents answer the questions by choosing a. of 10 questions. b.4 The Questionnaire Result Items of Questions 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Respondents‟ answer B C 21 _ 27 20 20 27 22 31 1 9 30 11 25 19 9 37 22 30 23 30 A 35 9 7 3 16 15 12 _ _ _ D _ _ 2 _ 20 _ 10 4 3 .

there were 15 (fifteen) students chose “often” as their answer. and also there were 11(eleven) students chose “seldom” as their answer. And there were 30 (thirty) students chose “sometimes” as their answer. This means that they say the exercise about vocabulary was very easy. And there were 1 (one) student chose “very easy” as their answer. This means that they memorized English vocabulary in school or at home. In test item number 2. And there were 27 (twenty-seven) students choose “sometimes” as their answer. This means that they didn‟t like English lesson. And also there were 27 (twenty-seven) students choose “seldom” as their answer. This means that they find a problem to translate English vocabulary into English language. In test item number 3. This means that they often memorized English vocabulary in school or at home. And there were 21 (twenty-one) students choose “didn‟t like”.        In test item number 1. and there were 22 (twenty-two) students choose “sometimes” as their answer. it is known as follows. there were 35 (thirty-five) students choose “like” as their answer. And also there were 20 (twenty) students choose “seldom” This means that they seldom learned English lesson at home. there were 9 (nine) students choose “often” as their answer. This means that they say the exercise about vocabulary was easy. This means that they find a problem to translate English vocabulary into English language. and there were 20 (twenty) students choose “sometimes” as their answer. This means that they find a problem in matching words in English language. This means that they find a problem to translate English vocabulary into English language. This means that they sometimes read magazines stories and articles in English language in school or at home. And then there were 20 (twenty) students chose “very difficult” as their answer. there were 12 (twelve) students chose “often” as their answer. This means that they often read magazines stories and articles in English language in school or at home. In test item number 4. This means that they sometimes learned English. In test item number 5. This means that they read seldom magazines stories and articles in English language in school or at home. there were 3 (three) students choose “often” as their answer. This means that they say the exercise about vocabulary difficult. and there were 25 (twenty-five) students chose “sometimes” as their answer. In test item number 7. and then there were 2 (two) students choose “didn‟t read” as their answer. This means that they often learned English lesson at home. and also there were 27 (twenty-seven) students choose “seldom” as their answer. This means that they didn‟t read magazines stories and articles in English language in school or at home.From table 4 above. In test item number 6. This means that they say the exercise about vocabulary was very difficult. This means that they sometimes memorized English vocabulary in school or at home. This means that they like English lesson. And also there were 9 (nine) students chose “difficult” as their answer. there were 7 (seven) students choose “often” as their answer. And also there were 19 (nineteen) . there were 16 (sixteen) students chose “easy” as their answer. This means that they find a problem in matching words in English language.

4 Discussion In analyzing the data to know the average of students‟ the English vocabulary mastery of the eighth grade students of SMP Negeri 4 Martapura. In test item number 10. and also there were 4 (four) students chose “little “This means that they understand reading text from exercise that was given by writer. This means that they enough know meaning of vocabulary from exercise that was given by writer. and also there were 10 (ten) students chose “little” as their answer. and there were 30 (thirty) students chose “enough” as their answer. and a few of them asking teacher. This means that they had studied exercise before that was given by writer. This means that they know meaning of vocabulary from exercise that was given by writer.   students chose “seldom” This means that they find a problem in matching words in English language. The formula is: . there were 22 (twenty-two) students chose “many” as their answer. and there were 37 (thirty-seven) students chose “enough” as their answer. In test item number 8. The second part of this question is essay it consists of 5 items. This means that they understand reading text from exercise that was given by writer. This means that they many know meaning of vocabulary from exercise that was given by writer. This means that they had studied exercise before. most of students answered by opening the dictionary and asking friends. In test item number 9. most of students said that the questions were difficult and just a few students answered the questions easily. In test item number 2. the writer used formula. most of students answered that they feel it was difficult when they translated vocabulary into English vocabulary and a few students answered when they matched words. This means that they understand reading text from exercise that was given by writer. In test item number 4. most of students answered that the questions were useful to measure the mastery of vocabulary and a few students answered it couldn‟t be used to measure it. 4. In test item number 3. there were 23 (twenty-three) students chose “often” as their answer. and there were 30 (thirty) students chose “sometimes” as their answer.      In test item number 1. and also there were 3 (three) students chose “never” as their answer. most of students answered by opening the dictionary because of the exercise is difficult and some students didn‟t open the dictionary because they don‟t have dictionary. This means that they had studied exercise before that was given by writer. In test item number 5. there were 9 (nineteen) students chose “many” as their answer.

it can be seen that in test 1 the average score is 55. 91 Test 2 3249. 91 and in test 2 the average score is 58. 5 S = ______ 56 S = 58. 02. Then the writer put students score into category in the table below Table 4.R S = ______ N Notes: S: The average score of the students‟ mastery R: The total students‟ score (the right answers) N: The number of students Test 1 3131 S = ______ 56 S = 55. 02 From the computation above.5 .

58. 11 in the students average score. 55.The category students’ score Score 81 – 100 61 – 80 41 – 60 20 – 40 Category Very Good Good Enough Bad Based on the data analysis. From results of test 1 and 2 it was found that they answered the questions incorrectly or did not do items. . And the score of students‟ the English vocabulary mastery in test 2 is 58. it is found that the score the students‟ English vocabulary mastery in test 1 is 55. The results of questionnaire show that the students got problem in doing the test because the exercise was difficult and it resulted in enough level only. 91. There is an increase of 2. According to the category. According to the category above. 02. 91 are classified into enough. 02 are also classified into enough.

2. 1998. And the last technique to show the meaning of the words is by giving the definition of words. the writer suggests them to open their dictionary or ask their English teacher directly. it is found that students‟ the English vocabulary mastery of the eighth grade students of SMP Negeri 4 Martapura in test 1 is 55. the teacher can use the words in a context or in a sentence. Oxford University Press _______.CHAPTER V CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION 5. The teachers should have some techniques to teach vocabulary items. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Based on the category. And in test 2 is 58. 1998. If they find any difficulties of the word. 1995. Oxford Learner’s Pocket Dictionary. the teacher can use the real object to show the meaning of the words. 91. 55.1 Conclusion Based on the data analysis. 5. BIBLIOGRAPHY _______. 02.2 Suggestion Suggestions that can be proposed by the researcher based on the conclusions are: 1. . 91 and 58. This means that the English vocabulary mastery of the eighth grade students of SMP Negeri 4 Martapura in academic year 2010/2011 is in average level compared to the level of vocabulary mastery that should be mastered by them. Longman Group UK Limited. To identify the meaning of words. 02. The students should learn and understand more about new vocabularies. it can be classified into enough.

. Some Effects of the Nature and Frequency of Vocabulary Instruction on the Knowledge and Use of Words. 1965. E. untuk SMP/MTs. (1991). Henry and pongrantz (2006). USA: Mc Graw Hill Book Company. Jakarta: Pusat Kurikulum. Banjarmasin Beck. Pengajaran Kosakata. Azizah. I. Vocabulary. Reading Research Quarterly. 2006. & McKeown. Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktek. 2002. Testing English as a Second Language. A Descriptive Study on the Vocabulary Mastery of The Sixth Year Students of SDN Teluk Dalam 1 Banjarmasin in 2005/2006. L. (1995). Semantics. Harris. Nailiya Noor. Depdiknas. Lambung Mangkurat University. G. M. 2006. Conditions of Vocabulary Acquisition.. 20. Model Penilaian Kelas. & Brown. 522-535.Arikunto. C. Henry Guntur Tarigan 1991. and Language Education. Edisi Revisi V. New York: Cambridge University Press. Suharsimi. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta . Hatch. David P. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

& Scott.org/importance. State Institute for Islamic Studies Antasari.com/dec 03 sub. Dianne-Freeman. 1993. L. .html. Vale Feunten. Celce Murcia & Olshtain.Herliani.(http://www. Kamil. In M. A. Banjarmasin Hornby. E. Kridalaksana. Jakarta: PT.ImprovingVocabulary.) “Accessed on 5 November 2009”. J. 2006.S. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary. (http://www. The Ways to Learn Vocabulary.. Discourse and Context in Language Teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Halliwel. McCarthy (Eds. Cambridge University Press. W. Larsen. College Writing Skill. Vocabulary and Language Teaching (pp. The Ability of The Second Year Students on English Vocabulary at State Islamic Junior High School ( MTsN ) Amuntai Utara Hulu Sungai Utara Regency. USA: Mcgraw-Hill. P.php) “Accessed on 28 November 2009”. 2002. Vocabulary Processes. Kampus Linguistik.sian-efl-journal. Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching. Harimurti. Marianne. Langan.improvingvocabulary. 1992. (2000). Vn. London: Oxford University Press. Gramedia Pustaka Utama. A. John. Elite. 111-125). Nagy.1963.).

Nation. USA: Macmillan. Salim. Shefelbine. Ashland. 1989. Elena. Advanced English-Indonesia Dictionary. (1990). P. 1993. Yogyakarta. Student Factors Related to Variability in Learning Word Meanings from Context. Webster‘s Dictionary. Peter. Second Language Research Methods. Widya Darna University Klaten. English: Oxford University Press. Neufeldt. Wanityastuti. J. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Journal of Reading Behavior. and Shohamy. 71-97. Ohio: Landoll In . Herbert W. 2001 A Descriptive Study on the Vocabulary Mastery of the First Year Students of SLTP 1 Wonosari Yogyakarta in 2000. Webster. Victoria. S. 221. Oxford. (2001). (1993). Jakarta: Modern English Press. I. Learning vocabulary in another Language. Webster’s New World College Dictionary. 1995. Seliger.

my name is Santi. It is “funny rabbit” 2.Appendix 1 TEST 1 Name Class : : Directions    This Question sheet consist of 40 items The time is 80 minutes Write your answer on your answer sheet 1. I spend my time at home with my pet rabbit. Choose the best answer Hi. and boxes. “Bugsy” is a funny rabbit. He also likes to chew slippers and shoes. He likes to sniff things and look into bags. We play around all day. Mr. 1. I am on a scholl holiday.Also has a very healthy dairy cow. cans. Right now. It is “funny cow” 3. It has won many prizes in the local livestock “exhibition”. What does “bugsy” mean? 1. It is “a cow” .

It is “great happiness” 3. 1. It is “produced in a year” 3. He adds nutrients to the soil using “fertilizers”. It is “soil” 1. What does “fetilizers” mean? 1. What does “cassava” mean? 1. It is “something in the home” 4. There was the fishing rod his dad made out of . It is “part of plants” Deddy woke up early Sunday morning. It is “ plants ” 3. he had prepared all the fishing “equipment” he needed. Mr. com. and “cassava”. It is “part of fruit” 4.4. Also usually likes to add nutrients to the soil. It is “result from fertilizers” 2. carrots. It is “tropical plants” 3. It is “ particular quality ” 2. It is “ daiy cow ” 4. That‟s why Mr. It is “fruits” 1. What does “exhibition” mean? 1. It is “ public cow ” Mr. He calls his plants “crops” everyday. He does this to get best result from his crops. he goes to the field to make sure the plants grow well. It is “a bag” 1. Asso is a farmer. Asso grows many different plants like rice. Asro knows that plants need enough nutrients to grow well. It is “rice” 4. It is “subtance added to soil to make it more fertile” 2. They normally get their nutrients from the soil. What does “crops” mean? 1. Last night. cabbages. He had planned to go fishing that day. It is “agricultural plants in the fields” 2. Mr.

1. What does “equipment” mean? 1. He had already attached a fishing reel and some line. They are not very well known as tourist attractions so they are still very natural. He didi not put on the fish hooks yet. It is “journey” . Vina read a travel brouchure of the karimunjawa islands. It is arrangement for doing something 2. It is “large river” 2. It is short general description 4. they must “plan” and prepare all the tings they for “vacations” trip. It is “thing needed for a particular purpose” 4. It is “busy” 3. It is a particular purpose 1. 1. It is activity done 3. located in the java sea. What does “plan” mean? 1. They are a small group of island north jepara.rattan. What does “creek” mean? 1. He knew he had to reach the “creek” as early as possible. He quckly ate his breakfast. It is “a particular purpose” 1. It is “Small River” 4. It is “present” 2. What does “vacation” mean? 1. Before they go. It is “holiday” 4. They are beautiful tropical islands. It is “dirty river” It is school holidays. It is “lake” 2. It is “planning” 3. Vina dan her parents want to go on a trip. It is “room” 3.

It is “loosing” . Hesty woke up with “toothche”.. He is more “ambitious” than Orlin Norris. It is “pain in aye” 3. He is better than Francois Botha. What does “painful” mean? 1. He is from Detroit USA. It is “animal trained for physical games” 2. It is “pain in aye” 3. Her left cheek was swollen. It is “lose a victory over” 2. It is “person trained for physical games” 4. It is “ person trained for cooking” 3. Do you know Mike Tyson? He is a well-known boxer. It is “pain in a tooth” 4. The toothace was very “painful”. It is “killing” 4. It is “person trained for killing” 1. he is stronger than La Hoya. 1. It is “pain in a tooth” 4. It is “pain in head” 1. many people like him. she could also see that gums were swollen too. He is very srtong. However. It is “pain in head” Many countries have their good “athletes”. when she looked in the mirror and opened her mouth.One day. What does “defeat” mean? 1. What does “athletes” mean? 1. He became popular in 1980-s when he could “defeat” almost all of the other boxers. It is “win a victory over” 3. It is “causing pain” 2. in 1990 James Douglas and Evander Holyfield defeated him. It is “pain in mouth” 2. Their athletes are famous all over the world. Still. What does “toothche” mean? 1. 1.

It is “event that happens unexpectedly” 2. What does “accidents” mean? 1. Mr. The most common accidents are with fire. What does “ambitious” mean? 1. Small children often touch “pans” of boiling water on the stove. What does “pans” mean? 1. What does “paper” mean? 1. used for drinking” 4.1. They arrived at sanur at six in the evening. It is “metal container with a handle. hot water. and become a big fire. They want sanur and kuta “beach”. The children can get hurt seriously or even die because of the accidents. 1. They left by car at four in the afternoon. Mr. It is “substance with thin sheets used for writing” 3. It is “strong desire to be successful” 4. It is “desire to be successful” 2. It is “plastic with a handle. used for cooking” 2. used for cooking” 3. It is “plastic with thin sheets used for writing” Last week. Then. . they went to a motel near sanur beach. for example. The pans fall over. It is “desire to be successful” A lot of children have “accidents” in their homes. It is “strong man” 3. It is “metal container with a handle. It is “event that happens expectedly” 1. It is “event that happened now” 3. achmadi drover his car carefully. Achmadi and his family had a “picnic”. The burning match can drop on “paper”. It is “substance with thin sheets used for cooking” 2. It is “metal container with a handle. It is “plastic with thin sheets used for cooking” 4. It is “event that happened expectedly” 4. and sharp tools. They spent the night in the “motel”. used for listening” 1.

It is “part of a plant from which a new plant can grow” 4. It is “motorist‟s motel” 3. What does “beach” mean? 1. etc” 2. It is “visitor motel” Put some special “seed” mix in the tray. It is “ part of body” 1. plastic. The first are those that give a personal account of travels. What does “tray” mean? 1. etc” 3. plastic. Place the “tray” in the plastic bag. seal the top and put it in a position where it will receive good light. It is “ guide of motel” 4. It is “sea-shore covered by sand” 1. It is “part of a plant from which a new plant can grow” 4. if they are informative and have a good index then they can be useful to you when you are planning your travels. The second kinds are those books whose purpose is to give an objective description . It is “formal meal outdoors” 4. It is “informal meal eaten indoors” 2. It is “informal outdoors” 3. drop some seeds on it and sprinkle a fine layer of seed mix on top of the seeds. It is “part of plant” 3. What does “motel” mean? 1. It is “house” 2. It is “ part of body” There are three kinds of travel books. Sprinkle water on top. It is “informal meal eaten outdoors” 1. It is “floor covered by sand” 4.1. What does “seed” mean? 1. 1. It is “flat piece of wood. It is “flat piece of wood. You will be surprised at how quickly the seeds will germinate. What does “picnic” mean? 1. It is “sea-shore covered by water” 2. It is “piece of wood” 2. It is “home covered by sand” 3.

If they are good. Like the first kind they are inspiring and entertaining. What does “interpretation” mean? 1. It is “stopping” 3. deer and cattle and can climb trees and swim very well. The male and the female only stay together for a few days during mating but the tigress and her tiger “cubs” may stay together for years. What does “assist” mean? 1. What does “cheek” mean? 1. Tigers are shy animals. It is “book of information” 2. It can be classified as selective “guidebook”. 1. It is “short side of the face below the eye” 1. The third kinds are those books which are called „a guide‟ to some place or other. It is “stopping” 1. It is “long stiff hair near the mouth of a cat. The male and female look similar but the male has much longer “cheek” “whiskers”. It is “either side of the face around the body” 3. It is “long stiff hair near the hand” 2. 1. It is “short stiff hair near the knee of a cat” 4. It is “help” The tiger is the largest of all the cats. It is “book of information” 2. But their primary function is to “assist” the reader who wishes to plan in the most practical way. They hunt at night and usually live alone. What does “assist” mean? 1. It is “explanation” 4. They hunt wild pigs. It is “either side of the face below the eye” . they will give an analysis or an “interpretation”. A male tiger has swum rivers as wide as the Ganges in northern India. etc” 3. It is “way” 4. It is “short stiff hair near the hand” 2. It is “explanation” 2. What does “guidebook” mean? 1. It is “clearing” 4. It is “noble” 3. It is “either side of the face below the eye” 4.of things to be done and seen. It is “book of life” 1. It is “clearing” 3.

It is “elephant” 2. What does “require” mean? 1. It is “lion” 3. A rain…… is a very dense forest usually found in tropical areas? 10. 9. Yesterday Vina……some souvenirs for her family. 8. It is “forbid” 4.around town by tram last week. .works on a farm. It is “ kind of tart made with cream cheese on a base” 2. We……. It is “look for” 2. 1. The bird can sing songs…… 7. as this cheesecake doesn‟t “require” baking.1.. It is “ kind of tart made with cream vanilla on a base” 3. He is……a white shirt. 1. badminton on Sunday. It is “see” 3. It is “young tiger” Everybody can make “cheesecake”! if you don‟t have an oven in your home.animal. I………. It is “order” 1. Please match the appropriate words with the box below to the context. 3. don‟t worry about it. What does “cheesecake” mean? 1. carrots. arso grows many different……like rice. 4. They take care of……. 5. It is “tiger” 4. 2.. The rice doesn‟t……in Britain. It is “ kind of tart made with cream chocolate on a base” 4. A………. What does “cubs” mean? 1. corn. Mr.. 6. It is “ kind of water made with cream cheese on a base” 1.

Forest 8. Beautifully 2. Wearing 4.1. Grow 6. Traveled 9. Farmer 5. Bought . Plants 7. Play 10. Wild 3.

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pollution destroys many animal “habitats “. but some of them are few in number. Some animal are so few that they are close to extinction. Extinction means that all members of the species are dead. What does “habitats” mean? . It is Calm 3. the animals “die “. 1.Appendix 2 TEST 2 Name Class : : Directions    This Question sheet consist of 40 items The time is 80 minutes Write your answer on your answer sheet There are many animal on the earth. It is build the pieces 4. What does “destroyed“ mean? 1. This is because their habitats are “destroyed “. It is make accuse 1. forest fires. It is break to pieces. put an end to 2. Logging. When there habitats are destroyed.

Another trait of the rain forest is the forest “canopy “. It is part of place 2. It is sleeping 4. It is anything growing from the ground 3. It is a covering skin of the body 4. 1. It is anything flying on the air 3.1. 4. react the end of ones life 3. It is reduce greatly in amount A rain forest is a very dense forest usually found in tropical areas. It is formed by the branches and leaves of the large tress 1. It is part of place 2. It is general conditions of a body 4. It is part of body 3. A special trait of these forest is the large amount of “plant“ and animal living in them. What does “canopy“ mean ? 1. It is anything finding out from the water . 3. This canopy is formed by the branches and leaves of the large tress. Rain forests also receive a high amount of rainfall. It is part of place 2. These forests have warm “climates “. 2. It is natural home of an animal or plant It is unnatural home of a human It is natural home It is unnatural home of an animal or plant 1. What does “die“ mean? 1. What does “climate“ mean? 1. It is continue living 2. What does “canopy“ mean? 1. having a stem root and leaves 4. It is anything growing from the ground. It is general weather condition of a place 1. It is stop living .

It has won many prizes in the local livestock exhibition. Do you know what a tram is? A “Tram “is small electric train that runs on rails in the street. In the morning he goes out to get fresh “grass“ for the cow. It is plant 3. We traveled around town by tram. What does “tram“ mean? 1. What does “carriage“ mean? 1. It is small electric train that run on rails 3. He is very proud or her. It is natural discourses 2. It is tram Mr. 1. Asro takes special care of her every day. It is large motors 4. What does “manure“ mean? 1. It is a mixture containing animal dung 4. It is small electric train that runs on rails 1. It is carriage 4. He collects around two baskets of grass. It is the food of animals 2. he cleans the co w shed. What does “grass“ mean? 1. It is large motors 2. 1. It is the green plant which covers the field 4. Asro has Very healthy dairy cow. It is he black plant 1. Mr. It is like a city bus that runs on rails 3. It only has one “carriage“. It is mammals . He collects all the “manure “. After feeding the cow. It is like a city bus that runs on rails 2.My uncle took sight seeing around Melbourne. The trams only run in the city. It is like a city bus that runs on rails. It is the white plant which covers the field 3.

It is to handle in order to clean 3. 1. It is to discover 3. It is to run from he activity 4. Arso “scrubs” the cows back. It is to remember 1. The first are those that give a personal “account” of travels. 1. Or you can read travel books. It is animal that lives on animal without giving anything in return 2. It is to rub hard in order to dirty 2. You can talk to your friends who have travelled to the places you can go and see film about there. It is an act of going to see someone or something for pleasure There are three kinds of travel books. It is to suggest 2. It is a plant that lives in the home 1. It is to explore 4. It is an animal that lives on animal that giving anything 3. What does “parasites” mean? 1. It is a plant that lives in the jungle 4. What does “find out“ mean? 1. It is journey 3. Mr. Arso also feeds the cow some fruit and vegetables. . What does “visit“ mean? 1. This keeps its skin clean from “parasites”. It is making dirty 4. If they are informative and have a good index then they can be useful to you are planning your “travels”. He says it gives them vitamins.Mr. It is the visiting of foreign countries 2. What does “scrubs” mean? 1. It is to rub hard in order to clean There are several ways you can ”find out“ about the countries and place you want to “visit “.

It is an arrangement by which a person keeps his money in a bank 4. you must make sure that it does not does everything as “magical“ you must also note its date of “publication “ because travel is a very practice Affair and many things “change” quickly. 3. Like the first kinds they are inspiring and entertaining. What does “analysis“ mean? 1. magazine etc. It is 4. If they are good. 6. they will give an “analysis” or an interpretation. It is a person who reads books. . you should make that the contens is easy tio find. 1. magazines Some times I whatever kind of travel book you choose. It is journey 4. But their primary fuction is to assist the “reader“ who wishes to plan in the most practical way. It is writing 5. It is holiday 3. It is the visiting of foreign countires 2. What does “account” mean? 1. It is an arrangement money with taller 3. It is a person who analysis books 4. It is part of place 2. It is a person who discover a book. It is a person who likes a magazine 2. It is part of place 3. What does “reader” mean? 1. What does “travels“ mean? 1. It is an of going to see someone or something for pleasure The third kind is those books which are called a guide to some place or other.1. It is 1. It is calculating 2.

It is the person who change the food 2. and sheep are mammals. What does “mammals “ mean? . They are whales and dolphin. It is accuse 1. Then. Lions. Most endangered animals are protected by the “government”. monkeys.1. What does “magical“ mean? 1. What does “illegal“ mean? 1. Unfortunately. It is not allowed by the law 4. It is produced by. elephant. It is the people who rule a country or state 3. It is buying 5. they “feed” their babies with milk from their breasts. It is the process of becoming Thereat to endangered animals is “illegal“ hunting or poaching. 1. What does “change“ mean? 1. It is something that has been published 2. It is the people whose white house The first group is “mammals“. It is the people who come from other country 4. some people still hunt these endangered animal. What does “change“ mean? 1. or as if by magic 2. like humans. horses. It is place of magic 4. It is allowed by the law 3. It is going 3. 1. It is produces in a year 3. It is continuing 2. Some mammals live in the sea. It is allowed 2. What does “government“ mean? 1. beers. mice. It is anything that find in a market 4. It is amazing 5. Mammals usually give birth to their babies. It is the process to be success 4. It is something that does not published 3.

What does “birth“ mean? 1. It is an animal that lives on animal without giving anything in return 3.1. Birds like ducks. It is regard something as false . What does “feed“ mean? 1. It is to give food 4. We “believe“ very much that make us “healthy”. 1. I play football on Sundays. It is act of coming into the world 3. 3. and I swim in the river “near“ my house every day. It is act of making a film 2. 2. It is the regard something as true 2. It is to give water 3. It is to fly 4. It is class of human which the females feed] It is class of plants which grow on the ground It is class of animals which the females feed the young with their own milk It is animal that have four legs 1. It is to run My families like sports. It is to run The second group is called birds. instead they lay eggs. It is one of the thing that grow from a birds skin that covering of its body 4. 4. Birds do not give birth. It is one the thing that grow from a human skin that covering of its body 2. What does “feathers” mean? 1. I do many kinds of sport. It is to give food 2. 1. 1. geese and swans can also swim in the water. I play takraw in the afternoon. What does “believe” mean? 1. Birds have wings and feathers and most of them can fly. It is the green plant which covers the fields.

. It is having dinner 4. It is not far away in place or time 3. . 3. He is . . A . Spent Play Farmer Islands Wearing Goes . What does “near“ mean? 1. It is far away 2. It is false 4. . . It is having meal 1. badminton on Sunday 1. . They are beautiful tropical 3. . We traveled around . . . 6. is the largest of all the cats 5. A . It is large II. . . The . . What does “healthy“ mean? 1. 5. I . . It is having bad condition 3. . . to the field every day 8. It is not true 4. . is small electric train that runs on rails in the street 4. . 4. . . a white shirt 9. . . I . early Sunday morning 7. my time at home last week 2. . It is having good health 2.3. Please match the appropriate words with the box below the context 1. by tram 6. It is true 1. . works on a farm 10. . . He . 2. . Deddy . .

Apakah anda menyukai pelajaran bahasa inggris? a.7. Town 8. Tiger 10. 1. Wake up Appendix 3 QUESTIONNAIRE ITEMS Directions:   This questions sheet consist of 15 items Write your answer on your answer sheet I. Ya . Tram 9.

Sangat mudah . Tidak 3. Jarang d. Mudah b. Tidak 2. Jarang d. cerita atau artikel berbahasa inggris dirumah atau disekolah? a. Kadang-kadang c. Sering b. Apakah anda menghafal kosakata bahasa inggris dirumah atau disekolah? a. Sering b. Bagaimana pendapat anda soal-soal yang berhubungan tentang vocabulary? a. Apakah anda mempelajari kembali pelajaran bahasa inggris dirumah? a. Kadang-kadang c. Jarang d. Tidak 5. Tidak 4. Kadang-kadang c. Sering b. Apakah anda membaca majalah.b.

Apakah anda kesulitan mengerjakan soal-soal yang berhubungan tentang mempasangkan/menjodohkan kata-kata dalam bahasa inggris? a. Tidak berhubungan 7. Tidak 8. Kadang-kadang c. Kadang-kadang c.c. Banyak c. Cukup d. Sulit d. Banyak sekali b. Sangat sulit 6. Seberapa banyak anda mengetahui arti kosakata dari soal-soal yang saya berikan? a. Sedikit . Jarang d. Jarang d. Sering b. Apakah anda mengalami kesulitan dalam mengerjakan soal soal yang tentang menterjemahkan kosakata bahasa ingrris ke dalam bahasa inggris? a. Sering b.

1. Banyak sekali b. Tidak Jelaskan 2. Menurut anda apakah soal yang saya berikan tadi sulit? jelaskan . Banyak c.soal yang saya berikan membuka kamus? a. Apakah anda ketika mengerjakan soal. Ya Jelaskan 1. Seberapa banyak anda memahami text bacaan didalam soal yang saya berikan? a. Apakah anda pernah mempelajari soal. Cukup d.9. Kadang-kadang c. Tidak II.soal sepert ini sebelumnya? a. Sering b. Sedikit 10. Jarang d.

3. Menurut anada apakah soal-soal yang saaya berikan bias mengukur keterampilan kosakata anda? a. Ya Jelaskan b. Bagaimana cara anda mengatasi soal-soal yang saya berikan? Jelaskan 5.Tidak Jelaskan . Dimana kesulitan anda ketika mengerjakan soal-soal yang saya berikan? Jelaskan 4.

Ari Rizki 31. 3. Amaliya Rizki Hartanti 30. 4. Bayu Antoni . Arsilina Felicia Lilahi 32. 2. Aulia Rahman Chintya Dewi Setyo Ningrum Eliza Putri Hidayat Endah Dwi Puspita Sari 29.Appendix 6 1.

Regzy Yustararianto 25. Muhammad Badarudin 40. Muhammad Amin Rizky 14. Muhammad Rizki 41. Noviana Triastuti 45. Muhammad Rizkyannor 15. Nida Rizky Maulida 19. Yanti Anjasari 24. Muhammad Wahyu Amanulah 16. Imalaya Eldira Fitri 37. Muhammad Zaini Ghazali 44. Muhammad Abidad 13. Ayu Aldira Putri 51. Bima Pandu Wicaksana 34. Nur Milawati 54. Nia Aulia 46. Muhammad Nuri 33. Novi Wulandari 20. Nur Camelia Putri 52. Rezky Prasetyo 26. Fitri Hasanah 7. M. Ichsan Eka Satya 10. Norligia Okta 56. Siti Rahmah 55. Muhammad Zainudin 17.5. Sahabika 47. Ermadi 6. Rahmad Widayanto 21. Maulida 11. Satria Bramantya 53. Syindi Dwi 22. Lenny Windarti 38. Dicky Septiannor Khaira 35. Gusti Rizaldi 36. Rizki Heny Mutia 50. Maimunah 8. Tutut Hardiyanti 23. Muhammad Rauza Saufi 42. Maulinda 12. Rusdiani 28. Siti Maimunah 48. Rina 27. Muhammad Nur Kuman Nadian . Isnawati 9. Mia Maulida 39. Muhammad Yongki 18. Gt. Muhammad Yusuf Faisal 43. Sisca Apriliya 49.

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