You are on page 1of 5

# HAZZEN-WILLIAM EQUATION

The Darcy-Weisbach equation with the Moody diagram are considered to be the most accurate model for estimating frictional head loss in steady pipe flow. Since the approach requires a not so efficient trial and error iteration an alternative empirical head loss calculation like the Hazen-Williams equation may be preferred: f = 0.2083 (100/c) 1.852 q1.852 / dh4.8655 where f = friction head loss in feet of water per 100 feet of pipe (fth20/100 ft pipe) c = Hazen-Williams roughness constant q = volume flow (gal/min) dh = inside hydraulic diameter (inches) Note that the Hazen-Williams formula is empirical and lacks a theoretical basis. Be aware that the roughness constants are based on "normal" condition with approximately 1 m/s (3 ft/sec). (1)

Hazen-Williams coefficients are used in the Hazen-Williams equation for friction loss calculation in ducts and pipes. Coefficients for some common materials used in ducts and pipes can be found in the table below:

Material

130

Asphalt Lining

130 - 140

Brass

130 - 140

Brick sewer

90 - 100

130

75 - 90

64-83

100

Material

140

## Cast-Iron, bituminous lined

140

Cast-Iron, sea-coated

120

Concrete

100 - 140

140

120

Corrugated Metal

60

140

120

Fiber

140

Material

150

Galvanized iron

120

Glass

130

Plastic

130 - 150

140

150

## 140 140 - 150

Steel, corrugated

60

100

110

100

Material

90 - 110

100

Tin

130

110 100

120

Wood Stave

110 - 120