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# Group # 7 Section: 2D-Pharmacy Members: Punzalan, Zeus Rabe, Yvanne * Reyes, Lynzee Rosales, Rosvielentine Sabido, Abby Sy,

Joanne

Date Performed: Dec 10, 2012 Date Submitted: Dec 16, 2012

Experiment 2 The Simple Pendulum Abstract: The Simple Pendulum consists of a mass hanging from a string of length and fixed at a pivot point, when which is displaced sideways from its resting equilibrium position, it is subject to a restoring force due to gravity that will accelerate it back toward the equilibrium position. Several tests were made on the pendulum, whether the amplitude, mass of the bob and the length affects the period. Measurement of the value of acceleration due to gravity was also done. The materials used were a meter stick, yarn the inelastic string, stopwatch, protractor, and metal bobs of different masses which were pre-measured. It was also found out that length and the number of oscillations was factors that affect the period of a simple pendulum. Question and Answer: 1. Using MSEXCEL, Graph and display table 3. Length vs. Square of Time. What relationship exists between the length of a pendulum and the square of its period?

## Lenth vs. Square of the Time

3.5 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 20 cm 40 cm 60 cm 80 cm Lenth vs. Square of the Time

-As the length of the pendulum increases, the square of the period also increases.

2. What are the factors affecting the period of a simple pendulum? - The factors affecting the period of a simple pendulum were the length and the number of oscillations.

3. What must you do to the length of a simple pendulum so that its period is doubled? - In order to double its period, the length of a simple pendulum should be increased 4 times.

4. Determine the acceleration due to gravity in a location where a simple pendulum is 150.0 cm long makes 100 vibrations in 246 s.