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Name : Ekayana PN NIM : H 0710041 Class : MIT SEED TECHNOLOGY SUBJECT UJIAN DATE LECTURER : SEED TECHNOLOGY : BASIC

COMPETENCIES-IV : DECEMBER, 21th 2012 : Ir. EDDY TRIHARYANTO, MP

1. Explain the purpose and importance of testing seeds? 2. Identify and describe the routine testing of seed! 3. Explain how to test the moisture content of seeds? What are the benefits of this test? 4. Explain how to do germination testing with quick test method (Tetrazolium Test)! What are the benefits? 5. Identify and explain how health seed testing! 6. What do you know about seed certification? Briefly describe! 7. What benefits do you feel after learning of seed technology and what would you develop?

Answer:
1. The purpose of seed testing beniha is researching, reviewing and setting the value of each sample to be tested seeds according to seed quality factors. Seed testing is very important because it is useful to obtain quality seed for subsequent crops and good to eat. Quality seeds are seeds that have high viability, vigor timggi and high purity. Mtu seed comprising the quality of the physical and genetic quality. So clear testing is necessary, because if the seeds are not planted directly tested and the results are not necessarily a good crop. 2. Routinely Seed Testing, a. Purity testing, Seed purity testing is a test to examine the positivity of the physical components that include the seed weight percentage of pure seed (pure seed), other seeds, other varieties of seeds, herb seeds and dirt. Pure seed Other pure seed / other varieties Herb seeds Dirt or dead matter

b. The water content of seeds, The timing of harvest, Seeds harvested at water content 20% Upper limit of 30% In Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand & Philippines rice is harvested at water content 20-30; Wheat is harvested at water content 14-15% Cotton 12-14% Rice 18% Corn 20-30% 3. Methods of Testing Water content: a. The basic method (oven method/stoves method) Water content= {(wet weight dry weight) : wet weight} x 100% Water content be based dry weight (Usually for research) b. Practical Instrument : otomatisseed semi otomatis moisture tester universal

moisture tester Burrow moisture tester, etc 4. Testing tetrazolium is a proses how quickly & indirect quick Test. Chemicals in use are, 3,5 triphenyl Tetrazollum Klorride (salt tetrazollum) substances can be

absorbed by the seed, in seed tissue alive tetrazolium salt will experience enzymatic reduction of formazan, compounds causing the bright red. Benefits of tetrazolim test is to test seed germination immediately without prior mengecambakan for one week. Tetrazolium reaction would be better to be on the air temperature around 400Celsius and in a solution with a pH of 7. Basic considerations tetrazolium test: The limited time Seeds are dormant Research interests. Coloring criteria: Bright red Pink Dark red Colorless tissue is still alive

tissue is weak damaged tissue dead tissue

5. Identifying seed health is the health of the seed primarily characterized by the presence or absence of disease caused by microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, viruses and diseases caused by animals such as worms and insects, or physiologically because of the lack of micro elements. All plant pathogens can be carried by the seed because the seed can be infected with both pathogens while still on the parent plant, contaminated during processing or in the marketing chain. Pathogens that infect the seed can cause seeds to be: a. Changed physically and chemically b. Germinated abnormally c. Unable to germinate d. Kecambahnya not able to come up to the surface of land e. The results of testing the viability kecambahnya be affected. How to test for seed health are: Methods without incubation 1) Method of direct observation of the seed without the aid of equipment or by using a magnifying glass (magnifying glass) and can also be under a stereo microscope. 2) Testing by soaking the seeds 3) Observation of the suspension of washing the seeds. The observation was performed using a microscope. Methods after incubation The results of these tests do not give an indication of the viability of the pathogen. The distance between each seed is made in such a way that does not intersect with each other. Then Petridis is stored in a special room or cupboard during the incubation period. In general, the incubation period is 7-8 days at a temperature (20 2) C, but the seeds of tropical plants required temperature (28 2) C. Can also be done in a way that has sown seeds (especially on blotter method) seeds incubated at room conditions in the first 24 hours, then the seeds incubated at a temperature of - 20 C in the next 24 hours. After that, the seeds were incubated at room temperature until observation. To stimulate sporulation of fungi should be equipped with an incubation space NUV light and

dark light alternately arranged respectively - each 12 hours. After the incubation is complete seed examined using a microscope with magnification 50-60 times. The seeds are very susceptible to contamination by saprophyte need to be treated with a solution of chlorine (1-2)% pre-tested. 6. Seed certification: an activity program improved seed production of genetically superior who always have preserved and be accountable.

as the only method of preservation the identity of seed varieties. Certified seeds which are applied in the production process methods and the specific requirements in accordance with the terms seed certification. 7. The benefits I have gained after learning about seed technology is I come to know that untu create a new seed needs to be cultivated and business processes that are not easy to have a perseverance and thoroughness. With the knowledge of seed technology then I became to know how to treat the seed so the seed is always of good quality. For example, germination, vigor and purity of seed. So when the seed is planted will produce a quality product.