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Learning Activity 10 MthSc 105

1. Use the limit definition to find the derivative of

f (x) = x
2
+1.

2. Find the slope of the tangent line to f (x) at x = 3.
Learning Activity 10
3. Find the equation of the tangent line to f (x) at x = 3.

4. Sketch the function f (x) and the tangent line together. Show any axis intercepts on f (x) and
the tangent line.

Learning Activity 11 MthSc 105

1. Use the graph below of

f (x) = x 2 +1 to answer the following questions.

a. Find the slope of the curve as x approaches 2 from the left.

b. So,

f

(2) = lim
h0

f (2 + h) f (2)
h
= _________.

c. Find the slope of the curve as x approaches 2 from the right.

d. So,

f
+
(2) = lim
h0
+
f (2 + h) f (2)
h
= _________.

e. Thus,

f (2) = lim
h0
f (2 + h) f (2)
h
_________.

That is, f (x) (is) / (is not) differentiable at x = 2. (Circle the correct answer.)
Learning Activity 11
2. Draw a line from each derivative listed on the left to its original function listed on the right.

f (x) f (x)

Learning Activity 12 MthSc 105

1. Use the Product Rule to find the derivative of

f (x) = 4x 8
( )
5x
3
4x + 50
( )
.

2. Use the Quotient Rule to find the derivative of

h(w) =
w
2
1
w
2
+1
.

Learning Activity 12
3. Find an equation of the line tangent to

y =
x 2
x +1
at x = 1.
Solution Learning Activity 10 MthSc 105

1. Use the limit definition to find the derivative of

f (x) = x
2
+1.

f (x) = lim
h0
f (x + h) f (x)
h
= lim
h0
(x + h)
2
+1 (x
2
+1)
h
= lim
h0
x
2
+ 2xh + h
2
+1 x
2
1
h
= lim
h0
2xh + h
2
h
= lim
h0
h (2x + h)
h
= lim
h0
(2x + h)
= 2x + 0
= 2x

2. Find the slope of the tangent line to f (x) at x = 3.

f (3) = 6 m
tan
= 6
Learning Activity Solution 10
3. Find the equation of the tangent line to f (x) at x = 3.

f (3) = 3
2
+1 = 10
y 10 = 6(x 3)
y = 6x 8

4. Sketch the function f (x) and the tangent line together. Show any axis intercepts on f (x) and
the tangent line.

(0, 8)
(0, 1)
(4/3, 0)
(3, 10)
y = 6x 8
f (x) = x
2
+ 1
Solution Learning Activity 11 MthSc 105

1. Use the graph below of

f (x) = x 2 +1 to answer the following questions.

a. Find the slope of the curve as x approaches 2 from the left.

(2, 1) (0, 3)

y
x
=
31
0 2
= 1

b. So,

f

(2) = lim
h0

f (2 + h) f (2)
h
= 1.

c. Find the slope of the curve as x approaches 2 from the right.

(2, 1) (3, 2)

y
x
=
2 1
3 2
= 1

d. So,

f
+
(2) = lim
h0
+
f (2 + h) f (2)
h
= 1.

e. Thus,

f (2) = lim
h0
f (2 + h) f (2)
h
does not exist.

That is, f (x) (is) / (is not) differentiable at x = 2. (Circle the correct answer.)
Learning Activity Solution 11
2. Draw a line from each derivative listed on the left to its original function listed on the right.

f (x) f (x)

Solution Learning Activity 12 MthSc 105

1. Use the Product Rule to find the derivative of

f (x) = 4x 8
( )
5x
3
4x + 50
( )
.

f (x) = 4

5x
3
4x + 50
( )
+ 4x 8
( )
15x
2
4

= 20x
3
16x + 200 + 60x
3
16x 120x
2
+ 32
= 80x
3
120x
2
32x + 232

2. Use the Quotient Rule to find the derivative of

h(w) =
w
2
1
w
2
+1
.

h (w) =
2w

w
2
+1
( )
w
2
1
( )
2w

w
2
+1
( )
2
=
2w w
2
+1 w
2
+1
( )
w
2
+1
( )
2
=
2w 2
( )
w
2
+1
( )
2
=
4w
w
2
+1
( )
2

3. Find an equation of the line tangent to

y =
x 2
x +1
at x = 1.

dy
dx
=
[1](x +1) (x 2)[1]
(x +1)
2
=
3
(x +1)
2
m
tan
=
dy
dx
x=1
=
3
(1+1)
2
=
3
4

Point of tangency:

y(1) =
1 2
1+1
=
1
2

1,
1
2
|
\

|

Equation of tangent line:

y
1
2
|
\

|
=
3
4
(x 1)

y =
3
4
x
3
4

1
2
=
3
4
x
5
4