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Preliminary Paper: Application of Tiongson's Four Values in found in Filipino films in the Ang Panday movie series (2009

& 2011)

Orquia, Patricia Denise Z. 3 PSY 1

Ms. Abigail Deabanico Philippine Literature

Many critics have said that most of the Filipino movies revolve in the same storyline. The protagonist is being oppressed and has a love interest that is as beautiful as the Virgin Mary, and at the end of the day, he will find victory. This is the common pattern that almost all Filipino movies has. It's a never ending repetition of this plot. The characters and settings may change, but the same plot applies. Nicanor Tiongson stated four Filipino values which are usually found in Filipino films which includes Maganda ang Maputi, Masaya ang may Palabas, Mabuti ang Inaapi, and Maganda pa ang Daigdig. The Ang Panday movie series, starring Senator Ramon Bong Revilla Jr., Philip Salvador, and Iza Calzado to name a few, contain all the given values that Tiongson asserted. Through the character of Maria, portrayed by Ms. Iza Calzado, the Maganda ang Maputi value was reflected. She was characterized as a fair, beautiful lady-like love interest of Flavio with a blood of being an engkantada. Also, in the sequel, Arlana, which is the human persona of Flavio's dragon and was portrayed by Ms. Marian Rivera, has a porcelain skin and is factually attractive. Truly, Filipinos have this perception that a leading lady must have the characteristics that everyone wants, a dainting or enchanting beauty that not all Filipinos possess in reality. It is also evident in the Philippine TV that networks prioritize on making the those fair ladies as their network jewels. The fair actors and actresses are always given the limelight, the main charaters in the movies. On the other hand, the native-looking ones are given the antagonist or supporting roles. More often, they end up in the line of comedy where being silly-looking is the key. There are also instances that some of the exotic beauties get their chance in the very criticizing world of the show business. Nora Aunor is the best example of an exotic type of artist that became an icon to the masses even though people grew up with the tradition of patronizing the mestiza-type. She has the native beauty of a true Filipina and the talent to showcase in the big picture. The Masaya ang may Palabas was also shown in the different parts of the two movies. Humor, drama, action, and romance were well played by the actors of the series. A mixture of the different genres is a mark of the versatility capability of the actors, as well as the director and writers who are considered as the brains of a movie or tv series. The problem is even if they had this mixture of genres, if the act is superficial and is just for the sake of capturing one's attention, it is senseless because it would not be able to delve into the person's being for him to realize the core value of such a movie. Filipino movies never failed to put a dash of comedy in a storyline. Even if a certain movie is characterized to as drama, action, or horror, one must expect to see a bit of a comedy hint to the story. I think this is because of characteristics of the Filipinos to be naturally jolly. Through comedy, directors win the hearts of the masses. It is a way to get their attention and interests. It is the way to not make them feel bored as they watch a particular movie or tv series. Most of the time, these strikes of comedy punches seem irrelevant to scene of a movie and does not exhibit any form of real upliftment to the viewers. Also, the Mabuti ang Inaapi value was exhibited in the movie. Flavio, a man of honor and kindness, was persecuted by Lizardo, the main antagonist of both movies. In Filipino movies, we would always see the pattern of the protagonist as being the one who is

tormented. He or she would always feel pain and sorrow, may it be in the physical, mental, or emotional form. This value is the most popular among all the given ones. It has always been a pattern of the many Filipino movies and tv series. The main character is always considered as the underdog in the story. Based on my opinion, this is due to the reason that Filipinos can easily relate to the feelings and emotions of a character that is being oppressed. But after all the conflicts that have happened in the protagonist life, Maganda pa rin ang Daigdig. Justice will prevail. The good will be rewarded, and the evil will be punished or subjugated. Flavio was able to stand up and win his fight. He was able to save his people. As they say, there's a rainbow always after rain. Stories rarely end in a heartbreaking manner, but if they do, a hope is still given to the character to start a brighter beginning. Despite all the bad things that the protagonist have encounter, the writer would always make a way to end the story with the sweet victory for him. It can be considered as an amend of the writer to the character for all the sufferings that he or she rained to him. As an insight to the four values usually found in Filipino films, as stated by Nicanor Tiongson, I think we must go out of this comfort zone and step up to take risks in trying to do what is unusual. There are many great Filipino actors in our country, and even though they were not blessed with the usual striking features that Filipinos prefer, they must be given a chance to take a step on the spotlight and exhibit their talents. Maputi ang Maganda must not longer prevail the film industry. Instead, molding native-looking actors is a must, so that the belief of the masses of that fair is beautiful would also be changed. Also, the Masaya ang may Palabas value must also be revised into something that would touch it's viewers. Making movies should not focus on the goal of just for the sake of making a scene. Rather, it should revolve on the objective of letting it's viewers realize the values that the movie have. Movies are not only a way of making money, but also a way to relate to the audiences, to share the soul of the story. Furthermore, the Mabuti ang Inaapi is discerned to be as an overused value. It has been a tradition to use such plot, and I think the most appropriate action regarding this value is for the writers and directors to try something new. They must take risks in creating films that are unique in some ways. It is time for the film industry to dip its toe to another kind of lake. Filipinos are born creative. I believe that our filmmakers have a great potential within to create one of a kind masterpieces. Last but not the least, the Maganda pa rin ang Daigdig is something that I perceived as a positive value among all the other given values. As I have said earlier, it is a form of amendment of the story writer to all the sufferings that the character experienced. All viewers want a happy ending. A justified ending is a way of the writer to win the viewers' hearts and thumbs up. It is the most ideal way to end a movie, but sometimes, it gets boring because most movies have this same pattern. As people say, when you eat the same food everyday, it becomes uninteresting and normal. Considering to give a bad or a hanging ending can be also an artistic way to conclude a story. Also, it would bring a new taste to the film viewers who were always fed with the same story for so many years. Nowadays, most movies still follow these four values. I guess it's really part of the Philippine film industry. They may depict an exagerrated reality of the Filipinos, but still we connect to the feelings and emotions that a certain movie or tv series contain as something

that exist in our life cycle. Many critics have already noticed the repetition cycle of adapting these values in such movies or tv series, but still, as long as the masses patronize such creations, it will never be gone with the wind. There are some screenplay writers and directors who take risks in offering a new twist to their masterpieces, and I admire their capabilities to pull them off brilliantly despite the uncertainty that the masses would not patronize their works of art.