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8-Bit, High Speed, Multiplying D/A Converter (Universal Digital Logic Interface) DAC08

FEATURES
Fast settling output current: 85 ns Full-scale current prematched to 1 LSB Direct interface to TTL, CMOS, ECL, HTL, PMOS Nonlinearity to 0.1% maximum over temperature range High output impedance and compliance: 10 V to +18 V Complementary current outputs Wide range multiplying capability: 1 MHz bandwidth Low FS current drift: 10 ppm/C Wide power supply range: 4.5 V to 18 V Low power consumption: 33 mW @ 5 V Low cost

scale trimming in most applications. Direct interface to all popular logic families with full noise immunity is provided by the high swing, adjustable threshold logic input. High voltage compliance complementary current outputs are provided, increasing versatility and enabling differential operation to effectively double the peak-to-peak output swing. In many applications, the outputs can be directly converted to voltage without the need for an external op amp. All DAC08 series models guarantee full 8-bit monotonicity, and nonlinearities as tight as 0.1% over the entire operating temperature range are available. Device performance is essentially unchanged over the 4.5 V to 18 V power supply range, with 33 mW power consumption attainable at 5 V supplies. The compact size and low power consumption make the DAC08 attractive for portable and military/aerospace applications; devices processed to MIL-STD-883, Level B are available. DAC08 applications include 8-bit, 1 s A/D converters, servo motor and pen drivers, waveform generators, audio encoders and attenuators, analog meter drivers, programmable power supplies, LCD display drivers, high speed modems, and other applications where low cost, high speed, and complete input/output versatility are required.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The DAC08 series of 8-bit monolithic digital-to-analog converters provide very high speed performance coupled with low cost and outstanding applications flexibility. Advanced circuit design achieves 85 ns settling times with very low glitch energy and at low power consumption. Monotonic multiplying performance is attained over a wide 20-to-1 reference current range. Matching to within 1 LSB between reference and full-scale currents eliminates the need for full-

FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM


V+ 13 VLC 1 (MSB) B1 5 B2 6 B3 7 B4 8 B5 9 B6 10 B7 11 (LSB) B8 12

DAC08
BIAS NETWORK 14 CURRENT SWITCHES 4 2 IOUT

VREF (+)

IOUT

VREF ()

15 REFERENCE AMPLIFIER
00268-C-001

16 COMP

3 V

Figure 1.

Rev. C
Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its use, nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties that may result from its use. Specifications subject to change without notice. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices. Trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A. Tel: 781.329.4700 www.analog.com Fax: 781.326.8703 2004 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.

DAC08 TABLE OF CONTENTS


Specifications..................................................................................... 3 Electrical Characteristics............................................................. 3 Typical Electrical Characteristics ............................................... 4 Absolute Maximum Ratings............................................................ 5 ESD Caution.................................................................................. 5 Pin Connections ............................................................................... 6 Test and Burn-In Circuits................................................................ 7 Typical Performance Characteristics ............................................. 8 Basic Connections .......................................................................... 11 Application Information................................................................ 13 Reference Amplifier Setup ........................................................ 13 Reference Amplifier Compensation for Multiplying Applications ................................................................................ 13 Logic Inputs................................................................................. 13 Analog Output Currents ........................................................... 14 Power Supplies............................................................................ 14 Temperature Performance......................................................... 14 Multiplying Operation............................................................... 14 Settling Time............................................................................... 14 ADI Current Output DACs........................................................... 16 Outline Dimensions ....................................................................... 17 Ordering Guide .......................................................................... 18

REVISION HISTORY
11/04Rev. B to Rev. C Changed SO to SOIC .........................................................Universal Removed DIE ......................................................................Universal Changes to Figure 30, Figure 31, Figure 32................................. 12 Change to Figure 33 ....................................................................... 15 Added Table 4.................................................................................. 16 Updated Outline Dimensions ....................................................... 17 Changes to Ordering Guide .......................................................... 18 2/02Rev. A to Rev. B Edits to SPECIFICATIONS............................................................. 2 Edits to ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATING ................................ 3 Edits to ORDERING GUIDE.......................................................... 3 Edits to WAFER TEST LIMITS ...................................................... 5 Edit to Figure 13 ............................................................................... 8 Edits to Figures 14 and 15 ............................................................... 9

Rev. C | Page 2 of 20

DAC08 SPECIFICATIONS
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
VS = 15 V, IREF = 2.0 mA, 55C TA +125C for DAC08/DAC08A, 0C TA +70C for DAC08E and DAC08H, 40C to +85C for DAC08C, unless otherwise noted. Output characteristics refer to both IOUT and IOUT. Table 1.
Parameter
Resolution Monotonicity Nonlinearity Settling Time Symbol

Conditions

DAC08A/DAC08H Min Typ Max


8 8

Min
8 8

DAC08E Typ Max

Min
8 8

DAC08C Typ Max

Unit
Bits Bits %FS ns

NL tS

To 1/2 LSB, all bits switched on or off, TA = 25C1 TA = 25C


1

85

0.1 135

85

0.19 150

85

0.39 150

Propagation Delay Each Bit All Bits Switched Full-Scale Tempco


1

tPLH tPHL TCIFS

35 35 10

60 60 50

35 35 10

DAC08E Output Voltage Compliance (True Compliance) Full Range Current Full Range Symmetry Zero-Scale Current Output Current Range VOC Full-scale current Change <1/2 LSB, ROUT > 20 M typ VREF = 10.000 V R14, R15 = 5.000 k TA = 25C IFR4 IFR2 R14, R15 = 5.000 k VREF = +15.0 V, V = 10 V VREF = +25.0 V, V = 12 V IREF = 2 mA

60 60 80 50

35 35 10

60 60 80

ns ns ppm/C

10 1.984 1.992 0.5 0.1 2.1

+18 2.000 4 1

10 1.94 1.99 1 0.2 2.1

+18 2.04 8 2

10 1.94 1.99 2 0.2 2.1

+18 2.04 16 4

V mA A A mA

IFR4 IFRS IZS IOR1 IOR2

4.2 25

4.2 25

4.2 25

mA nA

Output Current Noise Logic Input Levels Logic 0 Logic 1 Logic Input Current Logic 0 Logic 1 Logic Input Swing Logic Threshold Range Reference Bias Current Reference Input Slew Rate Power Supply Sensitivity

VIL VIL IIL IIH VIS VTHR I15 dI/dt

VLC = 0 V 2 VLC = 0 V VIN = 10 V to +0.8 V VIN = 2.0 V to 18 V V = 15 V VS = 15 V


1

0.8 2 2 0.002 10 10 1 10 10 +18 +13.5 3 4 2 0.002 10 10 1 8

0.8 2 10 10 +18 +13.5 3 4 2 0.002 10 10 1 8

0.8

V V A A V V A mA/s

10 10 +18 +13.5 3

PSSIFS+ PSSIFS

REQ = 200 RL = 100 CC = 0 pF. See Figure 7.1 V+ = 4.5 V to 18 V V = 4.5 V to 18 V IREF = 1.0 mA

0.0003 0.002

0.01 0.01

0.0003 0.002

0.01 0.01

0.0003 0.002

0.01 0.01

%IO/%V+ %IO/%V

Rev. C | Page 3 of 20

DAC08
Parameter
Power Supply Current Symbol I+ I I+ I I+ I PD

Conditions
VS = 5 V, IREF = 1.0 mA VS = +5 V, 15 V, IREF = 2.0 mA VS = 15 V, IREF = 2.0 mA 5 V, IREF = 1.0 mA +5 V, 15 V, IREF = 2.0 mA 15 V, IREF = 2.0 mA

DAC08A/DAC08H Min Typ Max


2.3 4.3 2.4 6.4 2.5 6.5 33 108 135 3.8 5.8 3.8 7.8 3.8 7.8 48 136 174

Min

DAC08E Typ Max


2.3 4.3 2.4 6.4 2.5 6.5 33 103 135 3.8 5.8 3.8 7.8 3.8 7.8 48 136 174

Min

DAC08C Typ Max


2.3 4.3 2.4 6.4 2.5 6.5 33 108 135 3.8 5.8 3.8 7.8 3.8 7.8 48 136 174

Unit
mA mA mA mA mA mA mW mW mW

Power Dissipation

Guaranteed by design.

TYPICAL ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS


VS = 15 V, and IREF = 2.0 mA, unless otherwise noted. Output characteristics apply to both IOUT and IOUT. Table 2.
Parameter Reference Input Slew Rate Propagation Delay Settling Time Symbol dI/dt tPLH, tPHL tS Conditions TA = 25C, any bit To 1/2 LSB, all bits switched on or off, TA = 25C All Grades Typical 8 35 85 Unit mA/s ns ns

Rev. C | Page 4 of 20

DAC08 ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS


Table 3.
Parameter Operating Temperature DAC08AQ, DAC08Q DAC08HQ, DAC08EQ, DAC08CQ, DAC08HP, DAC08EP DAC08CP, DAC08CS Junction Temperature (TJ) Storage Temperature Q Package Storage Temperature P Package Lead Temperature (Soldering, 60 sec) V+ Supply to V Supply Logic Inputs VLC Analog Current Outputs (at VS = 15 V) Reference Input (V14 to V15) Reference Input Differential Voltage (V14 to V15) Reference Input Current (I14) Rating 55C to +125C 0C to +70C 40C to +85C 65C to +150C 65C to +150C 65C to +125C 300C 36 V V to V + 36 V V to V+ 4.25 mA V to V+ 18 V 5.0 mA Package Type 16-Lead CERDIP (Q) 16-Lead PDIP (P) 20-Terminal LCC (RC) 16-Lead SOIC (S) JA1 100 82 76 111 JC 16 39 36 35 Unit C/W C/W C/W C/W

JA is specified for worst-case mounting conditions, that is, JA is specified for device in socket for CERDIP, PDIP, and LCC packages; JA is specified for device soldered to printed circuit board for SOIC package.

Stresses greater than those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational section of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.

ESD CAUTION
ESD (electrostatic discharge) sensitive device. Electrostatic charges as high as 4000 V readily accumulate on the human body and test equipment and can discharge without detection. Although this product features proprietary ESD protection circuitry, permanent damage may occur on devices subjected to high energy electrostatic discharges. Therefore, proper ESD precautions are recommended to avoid performance degradation or loss of functionality.

Rev. C | Page 5 of 20

DAC08 PIN CONNECTIONS


VREF ()
18

IOUT

VLC
2

IOUT 2 V 3 IOUT 4

15 VREF () 14 VREF (+)

VREF (+) 2 VREF () 3 COMP 4

15 B7 14 B6

NC

VLC 1

16 COMP

V+ 1

16 B8 (LSB)

20 19

COMP

DAC08 13 V+ TOP VIEW (MSB) B1 5 (Not To Scale) 12 B8 (LSB)


B2 6 B3 7 B4 8
11 B7
00268-C-002

DAC08 13 B5 TOP VIEW VLC 5 (Not To Scale) 12 B4


11 B3
00268-C-003

V 4 IOUT 5 NC 6

VREF (+)

IOUT 6 V 7 IOUT 8

V+ TOP VIEW 16 NC (Not To Scale) (MSB) B1 7 15 B8 (LSB) B2 8 14 B7

DAC08

17

9 B5

9 B1 (MSB)

NC = NO CONNECT

Figure 2. 16-Lead Dual In-Line Package (Q and P Suffixes)

Figure 3. 16-Lead SOIC (S Suffix)

Figure 4. DAC08RC/883 20-Lead LCC (RC Suffix)

Rev. C | Page 6 of 20

00268-C-004

10 B6

10 B2

9 10 11 12 13

NC

B3

B5

B4

B6

DAC08 TEST AND BURN-IN CIRCUITS


+VREF RREF OPTIONAL RESISTOR FOR OFFSET INPUTS RIN REQ 200 0V TYPICAL VALUES: RIN = 5k +VIN = 10V RP RL 14 4

C2 +18V

R1 = 9k C1 = 0.001F C2, C3 = 0.01F

C1
RL
00268-C-006

R1 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9

15

16

DAC08
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

NO CAP

Figure 5. Pulsed Reference Operation


00268-C-007

C3 18V MIN

Figure 6. Burn-In Circuit

Rev. C | Page 7 of 20

DAC08 TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS


ALL BITS SWITCHED ON

1V
2.4V

1V

2.5V

0.4V

0.5V 0.5mA IOUT


1/2LSB OUTPUT 0V SETTLING +1/2LSB

00268-C-008

2.5mA 100mV REQ 200 RL = 100 CC = 0 200ns/DIVISION 200ns

10mV SETTLING TIME FIXTURE IFS = 2mA, RL = 1k 1/2LSB = 4A

50ns 50ns/DIVISION

Figure 7. Fast Pulsed Reference Operation


5

Figure 10. Full-Scale Settling Time

TA = TMIN TO TMAX ALL BITS HIGH 0mA IOUT IFS, OUTPUT CURRENT (mA) 4

LIMIT FOR V = 15V

1.0mA

2 LIMIT FOR V = 5V

2.0mA

IOUT
00268-C-009

(0000|0000)

IREF = 2mA

(1111|1111)

2 3 4 IREF, REFERENCE CURRENT (mA)

Figure 8. True and Complementary Output Operation

Figure 11. Full-Scale Current vs. Reference Current


500

5mV

2V 400

PROPAGATION DELAY (ns)

2.4V

300

0.4V 0V

200

1LSB = 7.8A

8A 0
00268-C-010

100 1LSB = 61nA 0


0.005 0.01 0.02 0.05 0.10 0.20 0.50 1.00 2.00 5.00 10.00
00268-C-013

100mV 50ns/DIVISION

50ns

IFS, OUTPUT FULL-SCALE CURRENT (mA)

Figure 9. LSB Switching

Figure 12. LSB Propagation Delay vs. IFS

Rev. C | Page 8 of 20

00268-C-012

00268-C-011

DAC08
10 8 6
RELATIVE OUTPUT (dB)

2.0

4 2 0 2 4 6 8

R14 = R15 = 1k RL 500V ALL BITS ON VR15 = 0V

1.6

1 CC = 15pF, VIN = 2.0V p-p CENTERED AT +1.0V LARGE SIGNAL CC = 15pF, VIN = 50mV p-p CENTERED AT +200mV SMALL SIGNAL 0.2 0.5 2.0 1.0 FREQUENCY (MHz) 5.0 10.0

VTHVLC (V)

1.2

0.8

10 12 14 0.1

0.4

00268-C-014

0 50 0 50 100 TEMPERATURE (C) 150

Figure 13. Reference Input Frequency Response

Figure 16. VTH VLC vs. Temperature

4.0 TA = TMIN TO TMAX 3.6 3.2


OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)

4.0
ALL BITS ON

TA = TMIN TO TMAX 3.6 3.2

ALL BITS ON

2.8 2.4

NOTE: POSITIVE COMMON-MODE RANGE IS ALWAYS (V+) 1.5V V = 15V V = 5V V+ = +15V IREF = 2mA

OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)

2.8 2.4 V = 15V 2.0 1.6 1.2 0.8 IREF = 1mA V = 5V IREF = 2mA

2.0 1.6 1.2 0.8 0.4 0 14 10 6 IREF = 0.2mA


00268-C-015

IREF = 1mA

0.4 0 14 10 6

IREF = 0.2mA
00268-C-018 00268-C-019

2 2 6 10 14 V15, REFERENCE COMMON-MODE VOLTAGE (V)

18

2 2 6 OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

10

14

18

Figure 14. Reference Amp Common-Mode Range

Figure 17. Output Current vs. Output Voltage (Output Voltage Compliance)

10

28 24

8
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

20 16 12 8 4 0 4 8 SHADED AREA INDICATES PERMISSIBLE OUTPUT VOLTAGE RANGE FOR V = 15V. IREF 2.0mA. FOR OTHER V OR IREF, SEE OUTPUT CURRENT VS. OUTPUT VOLTAGE CURVE.

LOGIC INPUT (A)

0 12

00268-C-016

12 50 0 50 100 TEMPERATURE (C) 150

4 0 4 8 LOGIC INPUT VOLTAGE (V)

12

16

Figure 15. Logic Input Current vs. Input Voltage

Figure 18. Output Voltage Compliance vs. Temperature

Rev. C | Page 9 of 20

00268-C-017

DAC08
1.8 1.6
POWER SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)
10 BITS MAY BE HIGH OR LOW 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
00268-C-020

1.4
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)

1.2 B1 1.0 IREF = 2.0mA 0.8 0.6 0.4 V = 5V 0.2


 V =

I WITH IREF = 2mA

I WITH IREF = 1mA I WITH IREF = 0.2mA I+

B2 B4 B5

B3

15V 8 4 0 4 8 LOGIC INPUT VOLTAGE (V) 12 16

0 12

0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 V, NEGATIVE POWER SUPPLY (V dc) 18 20

NOTE: B1 THROUGH B8 HAVE IDENTICAL TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS. BITS ARE FULLY SWITCHED WITH LESS THAN 1/2 LSB ERROR, AT LESS THAN 100mV FROM ACTUAL THRESHOLD. THESE SWITCHING POINTS ARE GUARANTEED TO LIE BETWEEN 0.8V AND 2.0V OVER THE OPERATING TEMPERATURE RANGE (VLC = 0.0V).

Figure 21. Power Supply Current vs. V

Figure 19. Bit Transfer Characteristics


10 ALL BITS HIGH OR LOW 9

10 ALL BITS HIGH OR LOW 9


POWER SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)

POWER SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)

8 7 I 6 5 4 3 I+ 2 1 0 0 2 4 6 8 12 14 16 10 V+, POSITIVE POWER SUPPLY (V dc) 18 20


00268-C-021

8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 50 0 50 100 TEMPERATURE (C) 150


00268-C-023

V = 15V IREF = 2.0mA

V+ = +15V

I+

Figure 20. Power Supply vs. V+

Figure 22. Power Supply Current vs. Temperature

Rev. C | Page 10 of 20

00268-C-022

DAC08 BASIC CONNECTIONS


+VREF RREF IIN VIN

IREF 14
IREF +VREF RREF (R14) VREF ()

MSB LSB B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 VREF (+) 14 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 IO 4 2 3 V 16 13 V+ 1 IO FOR FIXED REFERENCE, TTL OPERATION, TYPICAL VALUES ARE: VREF = 10.000V RREF = 5.000k R15 = RREF CC = 0.01F VLC = 0V (GROUND)

RIN 15 IREF PEAK NEGATIVE SWING OF IIN

15

R15 CC COMP

RREF R15 +V REF

RREF 14 R15 (OPTIONAL)

VIN HIGH INPUT IMPEDANCE

15
00268-C-024

+VREF MUST BE ABOVE PEAK POSITIVE SWING OF VIN

V+

VLC

Figure 23. Accommodating Bipolar References

Figure 24. Basic Positive Reference Operation

MSB LSB B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 IO IREF = 2.000mA 14 2 IO

EO 5.000k 5.000k FULL RANGE HALF SCALE +LSB HALF SCALE HALF SCALE LSB ZERO SCALE +LSB ZERO SCALE

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0

IO 1.992 1.008 1.000 0.992 0.008 0.000

IO 0.000 0.984 0.992 1.000 1.984 1.992

EO 9.960 5.040 5.000 4.960 0.040 0.000

EO 0.000 4.920 4.960 5.000 9.920 9.960

EO

Figure 25. Basic Unipolar Negative Operation

10V MSB LSB B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 10k IO IREF = 2.000mA 14 2 IO EO 4 EO 10k POS. FULL RANGE POS. FULL RANGE LSB ZERO SCALE +LSB ZERO SCALE ZERO SCALE LSB NEG. FULL SCALE +LSB NEG. FULL SCALE B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 EO 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9.920 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 9.840 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.080 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.000 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 +0.080 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 +9.920 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 +10.000 EO +10.000 +9.920 +0.160 +0.080 0.000 9.840 9.920

Figure 26. Basic Bipolar Output Operation

VREF 10V 39k 10k POT

LOW T.C. 4.5k IREF (+) 2mA 1V APPROX 5k

RREF
14

00268-C-027

14

IO 4 IO

VREF
15
00268-C-028

R15 15 VREF RREF

2
00268-C-029

IFS

NOTE RREF SETS IFS; R15 IS FOR BIAS CURRENT CANCELLATION.

Figure 27. Recommended Full-Scale Adjustment Circuit

Figure 28. Basic Negative Reference Operation

Rev. C | Page 11 of 20

00268-C-026

00268-C-025

+VREF 255 0.1F IFR = RREF 256 IO + IO = IFR FOR ALL LOGIC STATES

0.1F

DAC08
10k 5.0k 15V 2 10V MSB LSB B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 VO 6 5 5.0k V+ 4 *OR ADR01 +15V 15V 15V V CC VLC IO 2 5.000k IO +15V B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 4 AD8671 POS. FULL RANGE EO ZERO SCALE NEG. FULL SCALE +1LSB NEG. FULL SCALE 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 EO

REF01*

1 +4.960 0 0.000 1 4.960 0 5.000


00268-C-030

Figure 29. Offset Binary Operation

RL IO IO AD8671 EO
4 2 IO IO RL AD8671 EO

4 2

0 TO IFR RL IFR = 255 I 256 REF


00268-C-031

0 TO IFR RL IFR = 255 I 256 REF


00268-C-032

FOR COMPLEMENTARY OUTPUT (OPERATION AS A NEGATIVE LOGIC DAC). CONNECT INVERTING INPUT OF OP AMP TO IO (PIN 2): CONNECT IO (PIN 4) TO GROUND.

FOR COMPLEMENTARY OUTPUT (OPERATION AS A NEGATIVE LOGIC DAC). CONNECT NONINVERTING INPUT OF OP AMP TO IO (PIN 2): CONNECT IO (PIN 4) TO GROUND.

Figure 30. Positive Low Impedance Output Operation

Figure 31. Negative Low Impedance Output Operation

VTH = VLC 1.4V 15V CMOS 15V VTH = 7.6V TTL, DTL, VTH = 1.4V 9.1k VLC "A" VLC 1 6.2k 0.1F 39k

ECL

CMOS, HTL, NMOS V+

13k 2N3904 2N3904 3k TO PIN 1 VLC 6.2k

20k

2N3904 "A" 3k 20k 2N3904 TO PIN 1 VLC R3 400A


00268-C-033

5.2V

TEMPERATURE COMPENSATING VLC CIRCUITS

Figure 32. Interfacing with Various Logic Families

Rev. C | Page 12 of 20

DAC08 APPLICATION INFORMATION


REFERENCE AMPLIFIER SETUP
The DAC08 is a multiplying D/A converter in which the output current is the product of a digital number and the input reference current. The reference current may be fixed or may vary from nearly zero to 4.0 mA. The full-scale output current is a linear function of the reference current and is given by
I FR = 255 I REF 256

REFERENCE AMPLIFIER COMPENSATION FOR MULTIPLYING APPLICATIONS


AC reference applications require the reference amplifier to be compensated using a capacitor from Pin 16 to V. The value of this capacitor depends on the impedance presented to Pin 14; for R14 values of 1.0 k, 2.5 k, and 5.0 k, minimum values of CC are 15 pF, 37 pF, and 75 pF. Larger values of R14 require proportionately increased values of CC for proper phase margin, so the ratio of CC (pF) to R14 (k) = 15. For fastest response to a pulse, low values of R14 enabling small CC values should be used. If Pin 14 is driven by a high impedance such as a transistor current source, none of the preceding values suffice, and the amplifier must be heavily compensated, which decreases overall bandwidth and slew rate. For R14 = 1 k and CC = 15 pF, the reference amplifier slews at 4 mA/s, enabling a transition from IREF = 0 to IREF = 2 mA in 500 ns. Operation with pulse inputs to the reference amplifier can be accommodated by an alternate compensation scheme. This technique provides lowest full-scale transition times. An internal clamp allows quick recovery of the reference amplifier from a cutoff (IREF = 0) condition. Full-scale transition (0 mA to 2 mA) occurs in 120 ns when the equivalent impedance at Pin 14 is 200 and CC = 0. This yields a reference slew rate of 16 mA/s, which is relatively independent of the RIN and VIN values.

where IREF = I14 In positive reference applications, an external positive reference voltage forces current through R14 into the VREF(+) terminal (Pin 14) of the reference amplifier. Alternatively, a negative reference may be applied to VREF() at Pin 15; reference current flows from ground through R14 into VREF(+) as in the positive reference case. This negative reference connection has the advantage of a very high impedance presented at Pin 15. The voltage at Pin 14 is equal to and tracks the voltage at Pin 15 due to the high gain of the internal reference amplifier. R15 (nominally equal to R14) is used to cancel bias current errors; R15 may be eliminated with only a minor increase in error. Bipolar references may be accommodated by offsetting VREF or Pin 15. The negative common-mode range of the reference amplifier is given by VCM = V plus (IREF 1 k) plus 2.5 V. The positive common-mode range is V+ less 1.5 V. When a dc reference is used, a reference bypass capacitor is recommended. A 5.0 V TTL logic supply is not recommended as a reference. If a regulated power supply is used as a reference, R14 should be split into two resistors with the junction bypassed to ground with a 0.1 F capacitor. For most applications, the tight relationship between IREF and IFS eliminates the need for trimming IREF. If required, full-scale trimming can be accomplished by adjusting the value of R14, or by using a potentiometer for R14. An improved method of fullscale trimming that eliminates potentiometer T.C. effects is shown in the recommended full-scale adjustment circuit (Figure 27). Using lower values of reference current reduces negative power supply current and increases reference amplifier negative common-mode range. The recommended range for operation with a dc reference current is 0.2 mA to 4.0 mA.

LOGIC INPUTS
The DAC08 design incorporates a unique logic input circuit that enables direct interface to all popular logic families and provides maximum noise immunity. This feature is made possible by the large input swing capability, 2 A logic input current, and completely adjustable logic threshold voltage. For V = 15 V, the logic inputs may swing between 10 V and +18 V. This enables direct interface with 15 V CMOS logic, even when the DAC08 is powered from a 5 V supply. Minimum input logic swing and minimum logic threshold voltage are given by V + (IREF 1 k) + 2.5 V The logic threshold may be adjusted over a wide range by placing an appropriate voltage at the logic threshold control pin (Pin 1, VLC). Figure 16 shows the relationship between VLC and VTH over the temperature range, with VTH nominally 1.4 above VLC. For TTL and DTL interface, simply ground Pin 1. When interfacing ECL, an IREF = 1 mA is recommended. For interfacing other logic families, see Figure 32. For general set-up of the logic control circuit, note that Pin 1 sources 100 A typical; external circuitry should be designed to accommodate this current.

Rev. C | Page 13 of 20

DAC08
Fastest settling times are obtained when Pin 1 sees a low impedance. If Pin 1 is connected to a 1 k divider, for example, it should be bypassed to ground by a 0.01 F capacitor. cryptographic applications and further reduces the size of the power supply bypass capacitors.

TEMPERATURE PERFORMANCE
The nonlinearity and monotonicity specifications of the DAC08 are guaranteed to apply over the entire rated operating temperature range. Full-scale output current drift is low, typically 10 ppm/C, with zero-scale output current and drift essentially negligible compared to 1/2 LSB. The temperature coefficient of the reference resistor R14 should match and track that of the output resistor for minimum overall full-scale drift. Settling times of the DAC08 decrease approximately 10% at 55C. At +125C, an increase of about 15% is typical. The reference amplifier must be compensated by using a capacitor from Pin 16 to V. For fixed reference operation, a 0.01 F capacitor is recommended. For variable reference applications, refer to the Reference Amplifier Compensation for Multiplying Applications section.

ANALOG OUTPUT CURRENTS


Both true and complemented output sink currents are provided where IO + IO = IFS. Current appears at the true (IO) output when a 1 (logic high) is applied to each logic input. As the binary count increases, the sink current at Pin 4 increases proportionally, in the fashion of a positive logic DAC. When a 0 is applied to any input bit, that current is turned off at Pin 4 and turned on at Pin 2. A decreasing logic count increases IO as in a negative or inverted logic DAC. Both outputs may be used simultaneously. If one of the outputs is not required, it must be connected to ground or to a point capable of sourcing IFS; do not leave an unused output pin open. Both outputs have an extremely wide voltage compliance enabling fast direct current-to-voltage conversion through a resistor tied to ground or other voltage source. Positive compliance is 36 V above V and is independent of the positive supply. Negative compliance is given by V + (IREF 1 k) + 2.5 V The dual outputs enable double the usual peak-to-peak load swing when driving loads in quasi-differential fashion. This feature is especially useful in cable driving, CRT deflection and in other balanced applications such as driving center-tapped coils and transformers.

MULTIPLYING OPERATION
The DAC08 provides excellent multiplying performance with an extremely linear relationship between IFS and IREF over a range of 4 A to 4 mA. Monotonic operation is maintained over a typical range of IREF from 100 A to 4.0 mA.

SETTLING TIME
The DAC08 is capable of extremely fast settling times, typically 85 ns at IREF = 2.0 mA. Judicious circuit design and careful board layout must be used to obtain full performance potential during testing and application. The logic switch design enables propagation delays of only 35 ns for each of the 8 bits. Settling time to within 1/2 LSB of the LSB is therefore 35 ns, with each progressively larger bit taking successively longer. The MSB settles in 85 ns, thus determining the overall settling time of 85 ns. Settling to 6-bit accuracy requires about 65 ns to 70 ns. The output capacitance of the DAC08, including the package, is approximately 15 pF; therefore the output RC time constant dominates settling time if RL > 500 . Settling time and propagation delay are relatively insensitive to logic input amplitude and rise and fall times, due to the high gain of the logic switches. Settling time also remains essentially constant for IREF values. The principal advantage of higher IREF values lies in the ability to attain a given output level with lower load resistors, thus reducing the output RC time constant. Measuring the settling time requires the ability to accurately resolve 4 A; therefore a 1 k load is needed to provide adequate drive for most oscilloscopes. The settling time fixture shown in Figure 33 uses a cascade design to permit driving a 1 k load with less than 5 pF of parasitic capacitance at the measurement node. At IREF values of less than 1.0 mA, excessive

POWER SUPPLIES
The DAC08 operates over a wide range of power supply voltages from a total supply of 9 V to 36 V. When operating at supplies of 5 V or lower, IREF 1 mA is recommended. Low reference current operation decreases power consumption and increases negative compliance (Figure 11), reference amplifier negative common-mode range (Figure 14), negative logic input range (Figure 15), and negative logic threshold range (Figure 16). For example, operation at 4.5 V with IREF = 2 mA is not recommended because negative output compliance would be reduced to near zero. Operation from lower supplies is possible; however, at least 8 V total must be applied to ensure turn-on of the internal bias network. Symmetrical supplies are not required, as the DAC08 is quite insensitive to variations in supply voltage. Battery operation is feasible because no ground connection is required: however, an artificial ground may be used to ensure logic swings, etc., remain between acceptable limits. Power consumption is calculated as follows:

PD = ( I + ) (V + ) + ( I ) (V )
A useful feature of the DAC08 design is that supply current is constant and independent of input logic states. This is useful in

Rev. C | Page 14 of 20

DAC08
RC damping of the output is difficult to prevent while maintaining adequate sensitivity. However, the major carry from 01111111 to 10000000 provides an accurate indicator of settling time. This code change does not require the normal 6.2 time constants to settle to within 0.2% of the final value, and thus settling time is observed at lower values of IREF. DAC08 switching transients or glitches are very low and can be further reduced by small capacitive loads at the output at a minor sacrifice in settling time. Fastest operation can be obtained by using short leads, minimizing output capacitance and load resistor values, and by adequate bypassing at the supply, reference, and VLC terminals. Supplies do not require large electrolytic bypass capacitors because the supply current drain is independent of input logic states; 0.1 F capacitors at the supply pins provide full transient protection.

VL FOR TURN-ON, VL = 2.7V FOR TURN-OFF, VL = 0.7V 1k MINIMUM CAPACITANCE VCL 0.7V 1k Q1 0.1F VIN 1F 100k 4 2 13 3 16 0.01F 0.1F +15V 15V 0.1F IOUT 2k

+5V

1F

50F Q2 VOUT 1 PROBE +0.4V 0V 0V 0.4V 0.1F

+VREF

RREF

15k

14 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

DAC08
R15 15

15V
00268-C-034

Figure 33. Settling Time Measurement

Rev. C | Page 15 of 20

DAC08 ADI CURRENT OUTPUT DACS


Table 4 lists the latest DACS available from Analog Devices. Table 4.
Model AD5425 AD5426 AD5450 AD5424 AD5429 AD5428 AD5432 AD5451 AD5433 AD5439 AD5440 AD5443 AD5452 AD5445 AD5444 AD5449 AD5415 AD5447 AD5405 AD5453 AD5553 AD5556 AD5446 AD5555 AD5557 AD5543 AD5546 AD5545 AD5547 Bits 8 8 8 8 8 8 10 10 10 10 10 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 14 14 14 14 14 14 16 16 16 16 Outputs 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 Interface SPI, 8-bit load SPI SPI Parallel SPI Parallel SPI SPI Parallel SPI Parallel SPI SPI Parallel SPI SPI SPI Parallel Parallel SPI SPI Parallel SPI SPI Parallel SPI Parallel SPI Parallel Package MSOP-10 MSOP-10 SOT23-8 TSSOP-16 TSSOP-16 TSSOP-20 MSOP-10 SOT23-8 TSSOP-20 TSSOP-16 TSSOP-24 MSOP-10 SOT23-8 TSSOP-20 MSOP-10 TSSOP-16 TSSOP-24 TSSOP-24 LFCSP-40 SOT23-8 MSOP-8 TSSOP-28 MSOP-10 TSSOP-16 TSSOP-38 MSOP-8 TSSOP-28 TSSOP-16 TSSOP-38 Comments Fast 8-bit load; see also AD5426 See also AD5425 fast load See also AD5425 fast load

See also AD5452 and AD5444 Higher accuracy version of AD5443; see also AD5444 Higher accuracy version of AD5443; see also AD5452 Uncommitted resistors Uncommitted resistors

MSOP version of AD5453; compatible with AD5443, AD5432, AD5426

Rev. C | Page 16 of 20

DAC08 OUTLINE DIMENSIONS


0.785 (19.94) 0.765 (19.43) 0.745 (18.92)
16 1 9 8

0.295 (7.49) 0.285 (7.24) 0.275 (6.99)


0.005 (0.13) MIN PIN 1 0.098 (2.49) MAX
16 1 9 8

0.100 (2.54) BSC 0.015 (0.38) MIN 0.180 (4.57) MAX 0.150 (3.81) 0.130 (3.30) 0.110 (2.79)

0.325 (8.26) 0.310 (7.87) 0.300 (7.62)

0.310 (7.87) 0.220 (5.59)

0.150 (3.81) 0.135 (3.43) 0.120 (3.05)

0.200 (5.08) MAX

0.840 (21.34) MAX

0.060 (1.52) 0.015 (0.38) 0.150 (3.81) MIN

0.320 (8.13) 0.290 (7.37) 0.015 (0.38) 0.008 (0.20)

0.022 (0.56) 0.018 (0.46) 0.014 (0.36)

0.060 (1.52) 0.050 (1.27) 0.045 (1.14)

SEATING PLANE

0.015 (0.38) 0.010 (0.25) 0.008 (0.20)

0.200 (5.08) 0.125 (3.18) 0.023 (0.58) 0.014 (0.36)

0.100 (2.54) BSC

0.070 (1.78) SEATING PLANE 0.030 (0.76)

15 0

COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MO-095AC CONTROLLING DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES; MILLIMETER DIMENSIONS (IN PARENTHESES) ARE ROUNDED-OFF INCH EQUIVALENTS FOR REFERENCE ONLY AND ARE NOT APPROPRIATE FOR USE IN DESIGN

CONTROLLING DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES; MILLIMETERS DIMENSIONS (IN PARENTHESES) ARE ROUNDED-OFF INCH EQUIVALENTS FOR REFERENCE ONLY AND ARE NOT APPROPRIATE FOR USE IN DESIGN

Figure 34. 16-Lead PDIP (N-16) Dimensions shown in inches and (mm)

Figure 35. 16-Lead CERDIP (Q-16) Dimensions shown in inches and (mm)

10.00 (0.3937) 9.80 (0.3858)


16 1 9 8

4.00 (0.1575) 3.80 (0.1496)

6.20 (0.2441) 5.80 (0.2283)

0.100 (2.54) 0.064 (1.63)

0.075 (1.91) REF 0.095 (2.41) 0.075 (1.90)


19 18 20 1 4

0.200 (5.08) REF 0.100 (2.54) REF 0.015 (0.38) MIN 0.028 (0.71) 0.022 (0.56) 0.050 (1.27) BSC

1.27 (0.0500) BSC 0.25 (0.0098) 0.10 (0.0039) COPLANARITY 0.10

1.75 (0.0689) 1.35 (0.0531)

0.50 (0.0197) 45 0.25 (0.0098)

0.358 (9.09) 0.342 (8.69) SQ

0.358 (9.09) MAX SQ

8 0.51 (0.0201) SEATING 0.25 (0.0098) 0 1.27 (0.0500) 0.31 (0.0122) PLANE 0.40 (0.0157) 0.17 (0.0067)

0.011 (0.28) 0.007 (0.18) R TYP 0.075 (1.91) REF 0.055 (1.40) 0.045 (1.14)

BOTTOM VIEW
14 13 8 9

0.088 (2.24) 0.054 (1.37)

45 TYP 0.150 (3.81) BSC

COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MS-012AC CONTROLLING DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS; INCH DIMENSIONS (IN PARENTHESES) ARE ROUNDED-OFF MILLIMETER EQUIVALENTS FOR REFERENCE ONLY AND ARE NOT APPROPRIATE FOR USE IN DESIGN

CONTROLLING DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES; MILLIMETERS DIMENSIONS (IN PARENTHESES) ARE ROUNDED-OFF INCH EQUIVALENTS FOR REFERENCE ONLY AND ARE NOT APPROPRIATE FOR USE IN DESIGN

Figure 36. 16-Lead SOIC (R-16A) Dimensions shown in inches and (mm)

Figure 37. 20-Terminal Leadless Chip Carrier (E-20) Dimensions shown in inches and (mm)

Rev. C | Page 17 of 20

DAC08
ORDERING GUIDE
Model1 DAC08AQ DAC08AQ/883C2 DAC08HP DAC08HQ DAC08Q DAC08RC/883C2 DAC08EP DAC08EQ DAC08ES DAC08ES-REEL DAC08ESZ3 DAC08ESZ-REEL3 DAC08CP DAC08CPZ3 DAC08CS DAC08CS-REEL DAC08CSZ3 DAC08CSZ-REEL3 NL 0.10% 0.10% 0.10% 0.10% 0.19% 0.19% 0.19% 0.19% 0.19% 0.19% 0.19% 0.19% 0.39% 0.39% 0.39% 0.39% 0.39% 0.39% Temperature Range 55C to +125C 55C to +125C 0C to 70C 0C to 70C 55C to +125C 55C to +125C 0C to 70C 0C to 70C 0C to 70C 0C to 70C 0C to 70C 0C to 70C 40C to +85C 40C to +85C 40C to +85C 40C to +85C 40C to +85C 40C to +85C Package Description CERDIP-16 CERDIP-16 PDIP-16 CERDIP-16 CERDIP-16 LCC-20 PDIP-16 CERDIP-16 SOIC-16 SOIC-16 SOIC-16 SOIC-16 PDIP-16 PDIP-16 SOIC-16 SOIC-16 SOIC-16 SOIC-16 Package Option Q-16 Q-16 N-16 Q-16 Q-16 E-20 N-16 Q-16 R-16A (Narrow Body) R-16A (Narrow Body) R-16A (Narrow Body) R-16A (Narrow Body) N-16 N-16 R-16A (Narrow Body) R-16A (Narrow Body) R-16A (Narrow Body) R-16A (Narrow Body) No. Parts Per Container 25 25 25 25 25 55 25 25 47 2500 47 2500 25 25 47 2500 47 2500

1 2

Devices processed in total compliance to MIL-STD-883. Consult the factory for the 883 data sheet. For availability and burn-in information on the SOIC and PLCC packages, contact your local sales office. 3 Z = Pb-free part.

Rev. C | Page 18 of 20

DAC08 NOTES

Rev. C | Page 19 of 20

DAC08 NOTES

2004 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners. C00268011/04(C)

Rev. C | Page 20 of 20