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The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne Hester who is the protagonist of this novel commits adultery with Reverend

Dimmesdale. She is considered the symbol of sin among the Puritans. She herself symbolises independence as after her punishment she is able to take care of Pearl and also start working as seamstress to support herself and her baby. She finds a house which is isolated from the town and also the townsfolk. The house is another symbol which symbolises ostracism. It had been built by an earlier settler, an abandon, because the soil about it was too sterile for cultivation, while its comparative remoteness put it out of the sphere of that social activity which already marked the habits of the emigrants In the end of the story when she returns she is viewed by the villagers as someone with high morale and respected woman. After seven long years the symbol of the scarlet letter on her chest changes from Adultery to Able. such helpfulness was found in her- so much power to do, and power to sympathise- that many people refuse to interpret the scarlet A by its original signification. They said that the it meant able, so strong was Hester Prynne, with a womans strength. Hawthorne here is trying to convey that it is only a matter of perception on how the society views the symbol; it doesnt actually represent the character of the person as a whole. Each person has their own views and perception on the scarlet letter, the Puritan society views it as a mark of sin, the servant of the governor who thought it was a symbol of greatness nevertheless I will enter, answered Hester Prynne and the bond servant perhaps judging from the decision of her air and the glittering symbol in her bosom, that she was a great lady in the land, offered no opposition. Pearl was curious of the symbol on her mothers chest and in time she became fond of it. At the scene in the forest where Hester calls out to Pearl but Pearl shows no sign off obedience. Thou strange child! Why dost thou not come to me exclaimed Hester. Pearl no longer recognises Hester as she removed the Scarlet letter from her bosom. Dimmesdale on the other hand saw it as a sign of guilt and remorse over his disability to proclaim as a sinner together with Hester. Whereas Chillingworth takes it as a symbol of betrayal, revenge and evil. The scarlet letter is the main object that Hawthorne uses to mark

Hester. The scarlet letters significance differs as the story progresses, from evil it turns to something good. Reverend Dimmesdale is the symbol of spiritual morale to the Puritan Community but he actually is the symbol cowardice and hypocrisy. Hawthorne portrays him as a pious man with strong will to God where he is looked upon highly by the Puritans. In truth he is a hypocrite as he hides the fact that he is Hesters partner of sin. He would rather live the miserable life with the guilt of not confessing his sin and atonement to his sins to the publics eye. He offered to Hester that he would confess his sin in public but Hester was against it. She didnt want him carry the burden that she was going through. In fact, Dimmesdale suffered more than Hester did because he was trapped in his own guilt and was not able to speak it out loud. The guilty sense is pricking him killing him day by day. Only to God he could tell the truth.

No, not to thee! Not to an earthly physician! cried Mr Dimmesdale, passionately, and turning his eyes, full and bright, and with a kind of fierceness, on old Roger Chillingworth. not to thee! But, if it be the souls disease, then do I commit myself to the one Physician of the soul!

However, at the same time he is a coward, even if Hester was not willing to name her lover, still when Hester was being punished on the scaffold he could have rose up and faced the punishment together with Hester. Sadly he did not do this and even played a part in persuading her to confess her lover, he is indeed a hypocrite. He is afraid of the day light and is only bold enough to show his true self at dark where there is none to witness it. He only dares to hold Pearls hand during the night and did not dare to hold it during day.

Minister!whispered little Pearl. what wouldst thou say, child? asked Mr Dimmesdale wilt thou stand here with mother and me, to-morrow noontide? inquired Pearl. Nay; not so, my little Pearl, answered the minister

Roger Chillingworth as the name suggested is indeed a cold hearted man in the story who plays the role of an antagonist. He represents the Fiend. He embodies the values of evil, revenge, hatred and knowledge. He becomes very angry as if the devil himself has taken over his body when he finds out that he is cuckolded. He is driven by a sole purpose which is his revenge to his wife and her lover. He is determined to find the man Hester committed adultery with. He tries to make Hester to spell out her fellow sinner unfortunately he fails to do so as Hester is unwilling to name her lover and this is where Roger makes a deal with Hester that she should not name him as her husband when she is not able to name her fellow sinner. Living with the red Indians during his captivity he gained knowledge of their medication adding his to his prior knowledge of English treatment. Hawthorne named one of the chapter as Leech referring to Roger. The Leech here symbolises healing powers as leeches were used in ancient times to cure the patients by sucking out the blood. Therefore, the leech refers to a physician. He is so obsessed of revenge that he imagined Dimmesdale having a scar with a shape resembling the Scarlet Letter carved on Dimmesdales chest. Physically Chillingworth's appearance was an abhorrent with his deformed shoulders with one shoulder higher than the other and his ugly edifice with wrinkles but not of age. Hawthorne gives such a deformed figure to Roger because he wants to portray Roger as an evil character that is evil from the inside out. He is small in stature, with a furrowed visage, which as yet could hardly be termed age.

Pearl is the symbol of Hester and Dimmesdale love. She is also considered to be the living Scarlet Letter. She is the symbol of freedom of a broken law. Unlike Hester she is not bounded by any Puritan Law of any kind. Hawthorne uses nature to show that Pearl is free from sin and any kind of wrongdoing that her mother or other people did. Children are gifts of God that is pure. mother, said little Pearl, the sunshine doesnt love you. It runs away and hides itself, because it is afraid of something on your bosom. Now, see! There it is playing a good way off. Stand you here, and let me run and catch it. I am but a child it will not flee from me- for I wear nothing on my bosom yet!

Here we see that the sunshine symbolises the laws of nature and not the laws of the Puritans whereby the sun doesnt not shine on her because of the Scarlet Letter. Pearl loves the forest because the forest doesnt not need to obey the laws made by the Puritans. It symbolises freedom. Here is where Dimmesdale is finally able to have open conversations with Hester and acknowledges her as his lover. The forest is an important setting in the story. It is a place far away from the orthodox society where people entering the forest do not carry the responsibility to play a role as they do in their society. They are no longer supressed by the Puritan Law. The Black Man is said to reside in the forest where witchcraft is practised freely. As pure and nave as Pearl is, she senses and knows that Roger Chillingworth was a person of hatred, revenge and evil deeds. Better put as the companion of the Devil. come away, mother! Come away, or yonder old black man will catch you! He hath got hold of the minister already. Come away, mother or he will catch you! But he cannot catch little Pearl! The Puritan society symbolises an oppressed society where they are trapped by their own laws. The Laws of the Puritans take religion into serious account. Whereby, the people follow spiritual figures such as the Reverend influences the decisions made in the society involving judgement and prosecutions. Their opinions are the fundamental of the decision made in a disclosure. The society is made up of people that blindly follow their ruler without the thoughts of their own. Here we can clearly see, whereby Mistress Hibbin, the sister of Governor Bellingham, who is protected by her brother from the Law even though she practises witchcraft. On the other hand, Hester who commits adultery is severely punished. The Governor clearly practises Nepotism and this is accepted by the society. Also, comes the symbol of sexism. The community is where the male is of dominance and they are in the decision making post and the women belong in the kitchen. We do believe that the Law also does not uphold woman and they are mere followers of it. Hester defies all of this and survives on her own.

Another setting of interest is the scaffold where there are three important events take place here. Scaffold is supposed to be the symbol of justice where convicts are tried openly in the eyes of the public. Scaffold is the place where Hester is sentenced to her adulterous act. That night when the meteor shower fell, three of them were on the scaffold witnessing it as glowed with the symbol A on it. This is considered as a bad omen in the olden days. In the last scene of the scaffold, Dimmesdale confesses his sin at last fearing that his death is near. This clearly shows that the scaffold holds significance in upholding the justice.

The prison door represents the importance of the execution of Law in the community. As we see, the prison and the cemetery were the first to be built by the society, as the founders knew that death and sin are inevitable. The prison door is well made with oak and iron spikes, this symbolises the strict and security of the prison to ensure that the community is safe. was assembled in front of a wooden edifice, the door of which was heavily timbered with oak, and studded with iron spikes.

Hawthorne, uses ample symbolisms to portray the many collections of events in the story. He emphasizes on the symbolism more than the story line itself, as the symbolism adds value to the story. Each of his character has their symbols that they represent. The story is portrayed in such a fashion that there are less dialogues in the story comparative to the narration and the description of the settings and events.