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Y,Il,K 23/28 652 (497.

11)
MI1JIEHA MI1JII1H
EaJIKaHOJIOIIIKl1l1HCTI1TYT CAHY, Beorpan
IIPIIJI031I II03HABAlbY XPIIIIIliAHCTBA
YCIIPMIIJY
253
1. 0 BEPOBAILYCHPMHJCKOr
EnHCKOnA rEPMHHHJA
JIWIHOCT Cl1pMl1jyMcKor enncxona ceauapujaaua
Tepannaja, n03HaTOr 113 CaBpeMeHI1X upKBeHI1X )J,OKy-
MeHaTa, rtpnsyxna je nasosy BI1IIIe I1CTpa)l(I1Baqa.
1
OH je na enl1CKOnCKI1 TPOH y Cnpaajy, npesie-
IIITeH 113 Kl13l1Ka nOCJIe CMelbl1Balba apujaaua <!>OTI1-
na 351., a npBI1 nYTje iseroso npacycrso norspheao
na cafiopy y PI1MY 355. r.,2 Y3 ynopne cesmapajanue
Ypcaunja 113 CI1HrM)J,yHyMa 11 BaJIeHCa 113 Mypce. Ha-
pe)J,HI1X ro)J,I1Ha OBa rpojaua he, Y3 nO)J,pIIIKy napa KOH-
CTaHI.I,l1ja, raxohe xonaycajua, BO)J,I1TI1 60p6y npOTI1B
npncramma mncejcxor ncnosenarsa sepe, epOpMyJII1-
myhn CBOj credo y T3B. CI1PMl1jCKI1M epopMyJIaMa. TIo-
CJIe qeTBpTor aaxrsy-nca, (na je Eor CI1H cy60p)J,I1Hl1paH
Ouy 11 pa3JIl1Ql1T O)J, lbera), )J,OlIlJIO je, nOCJIe ourrpe pe-
axunje 11 ca I1CTOKa 11 ca sanana, )J,O HOBor sacenan,a,
y npncycray napa KOHCTaHUl1ja. Tana ce y T3B. )J,aTO-
BaHOM Credo, (22. Maj 359) xojn je epOpMyJII1CaO Bacu-
nnje AHKl1pCKI1,3 )J,OlIlJIO )J,O KOMnpOMI1CHe epopMyJIe:
Bor CI1H ce CMaTPa y caeuy CJII1QHI1M Bory Ouy, OCI1M
Hepot)eHOCTI1 tsimilis Patri per omnia, excepta innati-
vitate). OBy epOpMyJIy nOTnl1CaJIa cy 11 CBa TPI1 naHOH-
CKa enncxona. I1cTe ro)J,I1He y API1MI1Hl1jy cafiop ce
nO)J,eJIl1o: jernur cy y CKJIa)J,y C OpTO)J,OKCHI1M HI1Kej-
CKI1M YQelbeM I1HCI1C'fMpaJII1 na je)J,HocylIlHOCTI1 npsor
11 npyror .mrna CB. Tpojnue 11 na caMOM TepMI1Hy
ousia (substantia); BaJIeHC, Ypcauuje, Fepannaje 11
lbl1XOBe npacramme 360r nenpnxaaraaa cy QaK ana-
TeMI1CaHI1.
4
AJII1, )J,OKce npna )J,BOjI1Ua sanpacanajyCBO-
je panuje sepoaaae 6JIl1CKO anovejcrey, I'epmmuje
esonynpa xa QI1CTO XOMl1yCl1jCKOM rnennurry, xoje ce
QaK npl16JII1)l(aBa HI1KejcKoM. Ypacnpasa xojy BO)J,11 Y
CI1PMl1jy 366. r. ca Xepaxnnjauoxr, np"CTaJIIUOMHI1-
xejcxor CI1MBOJIa, jour ynex TBp.u11 na Bor Orau 11 Bor
CI1H HI1CY Ycsexy CJII1QHI1,5 na 611 y ncrtonenatsy Be-
pe, CaQyBaHoM KO)J, XI1JIapl1ja 113 TIoaTjea,6npOMeHl10
CTAPI1HAP L, 2000.
yneperse : Ego Germinius episcopus credo et profiteor
esse unum verum Deumpatrem, aeternum, omnipoten-
tem: et Christum filium eius unicum et Dominum De-
um nostrum (705) de vero Deo patre verum Dei filium,
ante omnia genitum, divinitate, charitate, majestate,
virtute, claritate, vita, sapientia, scientia Patri per om-
nia similem, utpote perfectum de perfecto genitum etc.
Haxo je osaj credo aa npBI1 nornenjacaa, y lbeMyce
I1naK MO)l(e naspern 11 113BeCHa He)J,opeQeHOCT ()J,BOCMI1-
CJIeHocT): aKO je CI1H divinitate, charitate, majestate,
1 Yn. y HOBHje speae M. Simonetti, Osservazioni sull' Alter-
catio Heracliani cum Germinio, Vigiliae christianae 21,1967,39-58
HY. M. Duval, Aquilee et Sirmium durant la crise arienne (325-
--400), Antichita altoadriatiche XXVI, 1980, 331-379, HapO'lHTO
347-369.
2 Heros nOTnHC HaJla3H ce y aKTHMa cafiopa yn. (ACO 3, co!.
237-238, npesra. Y. M. Duval, loco cit. 347).
3 Yn. Migne, Patrologiae cursus completus, S. Latina (y na-
JheM 'rexcry PL), X, Hilar. Ep. XV, 3: post habitam usque in noctem
defide disputationem et ad certam regulam perductam. Marcum ab
omnibus nobis electumfidem dictitasse, in qua fide sic consriptum
est: Filium similem Patri per omnia, ut sanctae dicunt et docent
Scripturae.
4 Yn. PL X, Hilar. Fr. hist. VIII cols. 699-701: Supradictis
turbatoribus Ecclesiarum, associato Germinio et Gaio, novum ne-
scio quid considerandum, quod multa perversae doctrinae contine-
bat. AHaTeMHcaHH ernrcxorm nHlUY KOHcTaHUHjy, xsanehn ce na
cy: quae cum discursione pietatis tuae facere deberemus, ne quis
usiae vel homousii nomina Ecclesiae Dei ignota aliquando nomi-
net, quod scandalum inter fratres [acere solet. Crora rpasce na uap
nOHHiliTH onnyxe H3 ApHMHHa (Hi!. fro VIII C. 703-705).
5 Altercatio Heracliani laici cum Germinio episcopo sirmiensi,
PL supp!. I, ace. A. Hamman, Paris 1958, col 347. 0 rexcry B. 1. Ze-
iller, Les origines chretiennes dans les provinces danubiennes de
l'Empire Romain, Paris 1918,177-78; 293-957 (na OCHOBy ed. pro
e. P. Caspari, Kirchenhistorische Anecdote, Christiania I, 1883,
131 sqq.) HHOBe crynnje UHT. y HH. 2 H4; B. HR. Bratoz, Christia-
nisierung des Nordadria und Westbalkanraumes in 4. lahrhundert,
Westillyricum und Nordostitalien in der Spdtromischen Zeit, Jby6-
rsana 1996, (Situla 4) 299-362 (y Han. 82; 98 HM. MHJlHH, 0 jen-
HOj XpHCTOJlOiliKOj pacnpaan y CHpMHjy IV sexa, Ctuapuuap
XLIX, 1999,203-210.
6 PL X Hi!. frg. XIII.
254 MI1JlEHA MI1JlI1H
virtute, claritate, vita, sapientia, scientia Patri per omnia
similem, na JIll TO3Hat.IH na y HeqeM naje cna-rau Ouy?
Ha:>KaJIOCT, suasaj osor AOKyMeHTa yMalhyje OKOJI-
HOCT IIITO ce He 3Ha TaqHO xana je nacrao, TaKO na He
MO:>KeMO TaqHOna Ka:>KeMO Hll xana je no-reno feMllHll-
jeso onaajaae OA rseroaax nojysepaunsax llCTOMllIII-
rsenaxa.
fJIeAllIIITe caapesrene nayxe jecre na je Credo aa-
nacau y nepaony 1l3Met,y Altercatio II I'epaauajeaor
onrosopa enacsonawa - apajaaunaa, AaKJIe xpajca
366 - no-t. 367 r.7 To 61l 3HaqllJIO na je AOnpoaene y
sepoaarsy CllpMlljyMcKor enncxona AOIIIJIO nOCJIe pac-
npase ca Xcpaxnajaaoa.
Y nucay BaJIeHCa, Ypcaunja, Taja II TIayJIa, OA
18. neu, 366, nOCJIe lhllXOBOr cacramca y CllHrHAyHyMy8
nOMeHyTHenacxona TPa:>Ke OAfepMllHllja na ce onpas-
na sa CBOjy npoaeny II onsajan,e OAsepe KaKOje onn
npaxsarajy: ... similem dicimus Filium Patri secundum
scripturas, non secundum substantiam, aut per omnia,
sed (seu) absolute. Ho, I'epaaunje nx nonceha na cy
can norrmcana naroaany sepy xoje ce OHII can AP)Kl1
(Filium similem Patri per omnia, ut sanctae dicunt et
docent Scripturae cuius integrae professioni consensi-
mus omnes, et manu nostra subscripsimus).
KaKO ce BHA", OHycsaja II na cy Orau II Cun CJIWI-
Hll KaKO yqll CBeTO mrcsro, ann II na cy CJIllqHll y
cBeMYper omnia, npa qeMy, oner, 1l36eraBa peq ousia
OAH. substantia.' Ilan,e, OHaarnaurasa: Nos hoc quod
et a patribus traditum accepimus, et divinis Scripturis
quod semel didicimus, et cotidie docemus, Christum
Dei Filium Dominum nostrum per omnia Patri simi-
lem, excepta in nativitate, Deum de Deo, lumen de lu-
mine, virtutem de virtute, integrum de integro, perfec-
tum de perfecto, ante saecula et ante universa, quae
intelligi vel dici possunt, genitum.
Ila 61l noncpermo csoje ysepene, I'epvnaaje na-
BOAll UHTaTe113 eBaHt,eJba: Quia nemo novit Filium nisi
Pater, neque Patrem quis novit nisi Filius, et cui volu-
erit Filius revelare (Mat. XI 27); Ego et Pater unum
sumus (Jov. X 30) xao II Qui me vidit, vidit et Patrem
(ib. XIV 9). MCTe inrrare HaBOA1l0 je II Xepaxnajan, y
pacnpasa CfepMllHlljeM, I
0
II TOje OHO IIITOuanenahyje,
aJIllll nOTBpt,yje npoMeHy y enllCKOnOBOMBepoBalhy.
Ha OCHOBy 1l3Hen1XUI1TaTa fepMllHllje 3aKJhyqyje:
Si ergo omnis plenitudo divinitatis inhabitat in Christo,
iam non ex parte similis et ex parte dissimilis, sicut
nuncasserunt.
OqllrJIeAHa je AaKJIe, npoMeHa y fepMllHlljeBoM
llCnOBeAalhY, aJIll je OHO jOlli CYIIITllHCKll pa3JIWIHTO
OA HllKejcKor, rAe ce yMecTo nojMa C.rlUlfall, HaJIa31l
jegll06umall (jegllocyutall, XOMOyCUOC). TIOCTOjll npeT-
nOCTaBKa na je AO n,e AOIIIJIO ynpaao nOA ynruajesr
OBepacnpase, II IIITOje Moryne II IIITO61l 3Haql1JI0na je
enncxon ncxpeao eaonyupao y CBOM yfieheu.y. Hnax,
TOocraje caxo xao npemocrasxa. Mehyrn, HeMaMO
npyrnx nonaraxa 0 TOMe xana je II KaKO AOIIIJIO AO
npoueae y I'epsnmajeaoj nepn TOKOM OBllX HeKOJIllKO
ronnna. Ilocrasrsa ce mrrarse na JIll je peq 0 npnxna-
n.aa-y HOBOM nnanapy, Banearunajaay, KOjll je npl1-
crannua mucejcxor ncrroaenaaa.I? Haune, CYMlhY y
I'epuaaajeay ncxpenocr MO:>Ke na n06YAll ueroso
oojaunseae na xpajy nacva: OH xazce na He MO:>Ke
JIllqHO na ra normune, quia manus dolerem. 13
fepMllHlljeB xapaxrep II aerona sepa npe oaor rm-
CMaaajfione ce ynosnajy y nosrerryroj pacnpasn ca Xe-
paxnajanosi, xoja je caxyaana nOAHacJIoBoMAltercatio
Heracliani laici cum Germinio episcopo sirmiensi.t"
Pacnpasa ce BOAll y CllpMlljyMy coram omni popu-
lo, AOKenacxon cena in cathedra, na ce MO:>Ke nperno-
crasara na ce CBenetuasano y UPKBll.
15
Cesraapajan-
cxn ermcxon nopen AorMaTCKllX apryaeuara nOKyIIIa-
aa na rtpnnofiaje Xepaxnajaua II ApymM. Taxo TBPAll
na je CBOjy sepy llCnOBeA1l0 Eyceoujy (1l3 Bop-rena,
amcejny) II na jy je osaj OA06pllo.
16
Heaeposarao je na
7 Ilpeva Y- M. Duval, loco cit. 358, JJ,OK Migne CTaBJba Credo
y 365. r. sa lIITa HeMa npaanx pa3JlOra.
8 PL X, Hil. frg. XIV. HHOBJJ,e HH aa JJ,pyrHM MeCTHMa ce He
HaBOJJ,H cennurre enncxona I'aja. IIpeTnOCTaBJbaMO JJ,a 6HTO ceJJ,H-
lIITe MOrJle 6HTH Bacujane; jacno je JJ,a ra rpeoa Tpa)KHTH nerne y
Ilpyroj IIaHoHHjH, a Bacnjane cy (JJ,OJJ,yIlle xacnnje, non JyCTHHH-
jaHOM) n03HaTe xao enHCKonCKO ceJJ,HWTe.
9 Ha l.JeMy cy, xao Hyseic, OMHyCHjlJ,H HHCHCTHpaJlH Hy ApH-
MHHY, yn. Hil. fro VIII C. 703-705 .. .ne quis usiae vel homousii no-
mina Ecclesiae Dei ignota aliquando nominet, quod scandalum inter
fratres facere solet (H3 nHCMa uapy KOHCTaHlJ,Hjy).
10 Altercatio, col. 347.
11 M. Simonetti, loco cit. 48 npnaehyje JJ,a je y Credo CHH simi-
lis per omnia, a y Altercatio non similis per omnia (347,8); npexia
lheMy npsa JJ,oKyMeHT ce cMaTpa HeWTO n03HHjHM, a I'epetunnje je
CBOj CTaB ysrepuo MO)KJJ,a non ynntajev Xepaxnnjaaa (M. Schanz
- C. Hosius, Gesch. d. rom. Lit. IV, 1914,310 n. 2).
12 Simonetti, loco cit. 47 MHCJlH JJ,a je fepMHHHje Ben nocne
KOHCTaHlJ,HjeBe CMpTH npOMeHHO CBOj nonoxcaj non sappiamo se
per efettiva convinzione ovvero soltanto per opportunita, ana HeMa
pasrrora sa npernocraarseay nponeay Beny apeue Jynajana.
13 CyMlhy acxasyje Ben Julicher, Germinius, RE VII (1910)
1262-63. Simonetti (loc. cit., 48, n. 38) TyMal.JH fepMHHHjeB nocTy-
naKTHMe na je OH XTeo cvidentemente per evitare di adoperare il
termine ousia, cosi variamente interpretato dalle fazioni in lotta e
proscritto nella formula del 359, alia quale egli vuolc attcncrsi.
14 HOBO H3.I\alhe y PL supp!. T, acc. A. Hamman, Paris 1958,
cols. 345-50, yn. Han. 5.
15 Yn. HH)KC, EuucKoUC'Ka u,pKBa y CUpMUjy. HHjcBcpOBaTHO
na 6Hy jaHyapy MeCelJ,y (y YBO.I\y jc 3a6cJlc)KCH naTyM, 13. jallyap
366. r.) CBH cTajaJlH HaoTBopeHoM npocTopy.
16 V. Altercatio col. 346: Ego jldem me am exposui Eusebio et
manifestavi et placuit ei. fcpMHHHje nOMHlhC na je XCpaKJlHjaH (a
TIPHJI03H TI03HABAlhY XPHIIIliAHCTBA Y CHPMHJY 255
6H Eycefiaje rrpHXBaTHO sa HCrrpaBHO TYMayelbe xoje
I'epanunjc naje OB)],e, 17 Ben noxymasa na H THMenpn-
)],06Hje auxejue sa ce6e.
,JJ,aJhe, enncxon nonceha Xepaxnnjaaa na ra je OH
KpCTHO,)],a ra nosnaje 0)], MJIa)],OCTH n na sna na je Xe-
paKJIHjaH nofipor porta H na HMa notipo cpue H rro-
3HBara na npuhe n.erosoj U,pKBH.
18
Ba:>KaH nonarax na
HCTOM MecTy )],06HjaMo 0)], npncyrne fepMHHHjeBe na-
CTBe, xoja ce Yy)],H KaKOje XepaKJIHjaHjepenuc, xan ce
cav 60pHO rrpOTHB jepermca MpaYHor <DoTHHa. ,JJ,a-
KJIe, y CHpMHjy cy nocrojane 6ap TpH xpuurhaacxc
upxaene sajcnnane.!" aJIHcaxro jenan ermcxon.
Pe)],aKTOp TeKCTa, HaKO mncejau Morao je 6HTHje-
nan 0)], aarmcna-rapa, a CBaKaKO je npucycraosao cyhe-
lbY. TIpHJIHKOM pacnpase <DoTHHa H BaCHJIHja AHKHp-
cxor 6HJIO je rrpHcyTHO snure 3arrHCHHYapa,20 rra je TO
H OB)],e Morao 6HTH CJIyYaj, HaKOOBanpyra auje 6HJIa
0)], raxnor sua-raja xao rtpsa. I1naK, penaxunja TeKCTa
je CBaKaKO neurro nounnja, llITO noxasyje aaspurerax
CBe)],0nanaunser )],aHa((.21
TI03HaTo je na ce BaJIeHTHHHjaHnpzcao rro CTpaHH
0)], BepCKHX pacnpn. OYHrJIe)],HO je na TO nnje 3HaYHJIO
ronepammjy pa3JIHYHTHX sepa Hjepecn, Ben cy nura-
n.a BepCKHX pacnpn 6HJIa y Ha)],JIe:>KHOCTH npOBHHu,Hj-
CKHX u,pKBeHHX H )],p:>KaBHHX BJIaCTH. XepaKJIHjaH je,
)],aKJIe, Morao na H3ry6H rnaay caCBHM JIeraJIHO H rro-
pen uapene npOKJIaMOBaHe sepcxe TOJIepaHu,Hje.
22
Y Altercatio, fepMHHHje ce rtoxasyje xao HpOHH-
YaH, JIyKaB H He)],OCJIe)],aH - na xpajy - jep nonyurra
Xepaxnujany, YHjy ocyrty TPa:>Ke npHCYTHH XOMHyCHjU,H.
TIOlliTOje uajnpe fiesycrteuuto noxyuiao na ra rtpnno-
6Hje aa jepera-rxy aajenmmy, ermcrcon, repletus ira et
indignatione Tpa:>KH 0)], csoje nacrse na Xepaxnnjana
nrsyny jep je xosroycnjau a TO 3HaYH xao na je Ben
MpTaB H npern na he ra nOCJIaTH y nporoHcTBo,23 na
6H aa xpajy, nejacno 3allITO, noyeo na npasna orrry-
:>KeHHKe. Iberose pel.JH, Koje 6H TO BepOBaTHO 06jac-
HHJIe, H3ry6JheHe cy, aJIHje CJIe)],ena pel.JeHHu,a He)],BO-
CMHCJIeHa- XepaKJIHjaH H )],pyroBH cy nyllITeHH Ha
CJI(60)],y: et sic eos dimiserunt. Ho, nOCJIe Tora, fep-
MHHHje yMHpyje cBoje npHCTaJIHu,e, KOjH Tpa:>Ke )],a ce
XepaKJIHjaH C )],pyroBHMa npe)],a HaMecHHKy pa)],H
H3BpllIelba cMpTHe Ka3He (Nolite, fratres. Nesciunt
quid dicunt. Si episcopis persuasum fuerat, quanta
magis istis). fberoBa 6JIarOCT, Kao TYMal.Jelbe, HHje
HaM BepOBaTHa Kao HH CHMoHeTHjeBa ou,eHa )],a je
fepMHHHje una persona saggia e moderata((.24 TIpe 6H
ce peKJIO)],aOH rrocTyrra Kao BelliT )],HrrJIOMaTa KOjH, He
ycrreBlllH y npB06HTHOM HayMy, ca)],a H)],e Ka KOMnpo-
MHCHOM pellielbY. I1Hal.Je, 3aBpweTaK Altercatio He 6H
6HOJIOrHl.JaH.
CTAPI1HAP L, 2000.
XepaKJIHjaH je 0)],6paHHO mncejcxo yyelbe H, KaKO
je peseno, ca npyroaava 0)],6HO na npehe y jeperrrncy
aajenanuy. 3allITO 6H TOnnax YYHHHO na xpajy (KaKO
pasyacjy TeKCT paanja HCTpa:>KHBaYH
25),
xana caM
Tepsemaje smue He HHCHCTHpa na TOMe, HHje jacHo.
26
Crora HMHCJIHMO na je y rnrratsy KOMrrpOMHC: I'ep-
MHHHje HXje nycrno na CJI060)],y, a OHH cy... se humi-
liarent sub manus eius (rrpHMHJIH aeroa 6JIaroCJIOB).
,JJ,a JIHje npn TOM I'epannajc TaKO nocrynno na 6H sa-
llITHTHO mncejue, KOjH cy ra nOJhYJhaJIH y BepoBalby,
MO:>Ke ce cavo naraharn. Kao llITOje y cny-iajy Credo,
OH Morao 6HTHHCKpeH, aJIH He H)],OBOJhHO xpa6ap na ra
TO3Ha4H H MHOrH lherOBH cyrpahann) CHM60Jl aepe KOjH sacryna
Tl06HJlH 0Tll1CTOrEycefinja, 11 0,11, Xnnapnja 113 Iloarjea, KOjl1cy ce,
KaKO BH)J,HMO, npexo Cl1pMl1ja npahann na sanan, yn. Duval, l. c. 353,
id., Athenaeum 48, 1970, 268 sq. ca Han. 72; Bratoz, l. c. nap. 82.
17 Simonetti, loco cit. 49 csta'rpa BepOBaTHl1jl1M je na je OHO
6HJlOrpopayrmcaao xao y Credo.
18 Altercatio cols. 345. 346: Bonum cor habes et bene natus es
et ab infantia tua novimus te; convertere ad ecclesiam nos tram.
19 Ilocne nporepaaan,a 351, <DOTHH ce y spesre Jynujana, sa-
xaan.yjyha n.eroaoj OIlWTOj aMHecTHjH aparno y CHpMHyM, UlTOje
H3a3BaJlO HOBe HeMl1pe 11 aa xpajy je <DoTl1Ha npoTepao BaJleHTH-
HHjaH, seposarao npl1J1l1KOM csor nponacxa Kp03 Cl1pMl1yM 364. r.
20 Yn. Epiphan. Const. Panarion, Patrologia Graeca XLII, col.
375: ... ut in actis... reperimus, quae e notariis excepta est, Anysio
imperatoris ministro, et Callicrate exceptore Rufini praefecti,
Olympio, Nicetas, Basilio, qui erant a memoria, Eutyche et Theo-
dulo Basilii notariis. Quibus omnibus perscriptis, tomus unus ob-
signatus ad imperatorem Constantium missus est.
21 MOJK.L\a 113 spesteaa AHeMHja, OpTOAOKcHor enncxona H3a-
fipanor nocne fepMHHHja, OKO 378. r., yn, M. MHJIHH, loco cit. 205.
,II,aje penaxunja xacnnja yTBpAHoje jow Simonetti, loco cit., 41-52
KOjHAeTaJhHO aaannsupa pacnpaBY CUHJheM na yTBPAl1 nerane KO-
jH cy 6HJll1H3MelheHl1.
22 Yn. Amm. Marc. Res gestae XXX 9, 5. ,II,aje Xepaxnujan
Morao crpanarn sepyje H Simonetti, loco cit. 41; orrryxfia 6H 6HJla
quia seditionemfecerunt et de uno populo duosfecerunt, Altercatio
350. qHHH cc scpoearuajou Ka3Ha npOI'oHcTBOM, npeva noranaui-
aoj, BpJlO-recroj npaxcn WHpOMIlapcrsa; yocranosr, THMe H cav
fepMHHl1je (toe. cit.) npeTHXepaKJlHjaHy HlheroBl1M
23 Altercatio 350: Haereticus est, quia patrem etfilium et spi-
ritum sanctum totum deum dicit.Omousianus est; nolite eifidem ha-
bere. Et rogabat populum, dicens, ut quicunque obviaret ei servus
vel ancilla dei, exsufflent eum, quia iam mortuus est.Et iureiurando
iurabat, ut eum exulio deportaret.
24 Simonetti, loco cit. 41.l1cm ayTop (n. 42) Ta4HOnpHMefiy-
je Aa je fepMHHl1je, HHa4e n03HaT Kao HCKycaHH JlyKaB y CJl114HHM
pacnpaBaMa, OBTle IlpOCTO yfiyTKaH. OBa IlojeAHHocT 6H MO)KTla
YKa3HBaJla Ha KacHHjy peAaKUHjy TeKCTa KOjHHaMje ca4yBaH.
25 Yn. Schanz - Hosius, op. cit. 310; J. Zeiller, op. cit. 296,
Simonetti, loe. cit. 41, Duval, loco cit. 296.
26 Y paHHjeM nOKywajy Aa pa3yMeMo TeKCT npeTnOCTaBHJlH
CMO Aa je 06jeKT y .. .et alii cogebant eos, ut humiliarent se sub ma-
nibus eius, OHa rpyna Koja 3aXTeBa XepaKJlHjaHoBy CMpT, a KOjy
ApyrH Tepajy Aa npHXBam fepMHHHjeBy OAJlyKy (Aa ce OflTY)KeHH
nycTe), aJlH HaM ce caAa TO 4HHl1 l1cepopCl1paHO; yn. M. MHJlHH,
loco cit. 210.
256 MI1JIEHA MI1JII1H
nOTIUIIIIe, TaKO 11 osne ocraje Hel13BeCHO ,uOKJIe OH no-
cryna no y6e1)elhy, a xana ysepen,e lKpTByjemrrepecy.
o I'eprananjy HeMaMOBI1IIIe BeCTI1, aJII1 je Moryne
na je OH OCTao na enl1CKOnCKOM TPOHy jour necer ro-
,uI1Ha. Tana je CBaKaKO nOCJIe lherOBe CMpTI1, ynpxoc
npOTI1BJbelhY apnjanaua nOCTaBJbeH aa emocona 0PTO-
,uOKCHI1 AHeMl1je,27 11 y6p30 nOCJIe 'rora, aaxsarsyjyhu
11 Teonocajesoj nOJII1TI1UI1, (cesralapajanc'rao je He-
CTaJIO 113 Capsmja 11 Ilaaonnje.
2. EnUCKOnCKA .QPKBAYCUPMUJY
Ilocrojarse cafiopne rpancxe npxse y Capnnjy
npBI1 nyr je 113Pl1ql1TO nOTBp1)eHo y Vita Ambrosii Pa-
ulina 113 HOJIe,28 11 raj nonarax nparonen je HapOql1TO
360r cnoje XpOHOJIOlliKe onpemmne, paanofirsa 113Me-
hy 376. 11 378. rornme:
Sirmium vero cum ad ordinandum episcopumAne-
mium perrexisset ibique Iustinae tunc temporis reginae
potentia et multitudine coadunata de ecclesia pelleretur,
ut non ab ipso, sed ab haereticis arrianus episcopus in
eadem ecclesia ordinaretut: .. una de virginibus Arriano-
rum inpudentior ceteris tribunal conscendens, adpre-
henso vestimento sacerdotis cum ilium (Ambrosium) ad-
trahere vellet ad partem mulierum, ut ab ipsis caesus
de ecclesia pelleretur...
OqeBI1,uHo je na je xpaa KOjl1 nOMl1lhe AM6pocI1jeB
6110rpaep 6110 nonnrnyr paunje, Ma,ua ce He3HaTaQHO
xana. MOlKe ce npeTnOCTaBI1TI1 na je Ben y spesre ena-
cxona ,Il,oMHa, non KOHCTaHTI1HoM,29 nocrojana 11 erm-
CKonCKa npxsa, aJII1 TO nnje MOpaJIa 611TI1 I1CTa srpana
o KOjOj je pes y AM6pocI1jeBoj 6110rpaepl1jl1. 113 jennor
,upyror ,uoKYMeHTapHor 113Bopa, narosauor y 366. ro,u.,30
casaajeao KaKO ranaunsn enncxon, cesraapnjaaau, se-
dente in cathedra cum omni clero, nonsprana I1CnI1TI1-
sarsy coram omni plebe rpojauy OpTO,uOKCHI1X JIal1Ka.
JIaKoje Moryne na ce cyheae onpzcanoy castoj UPKBI1
(naxne enacxoncxoj, cafiopnoj) me ce, je,uI1HO, 11 na-
JIa311 cathedra, BJIa,uI1QaHCKI1 npecro, 11 na je TO I1CTI1
xpasr y KOjl1 je necerax ronana xacnaje nourao QyBeHI1
MI1JIaHCKI1 enacxon pann xnporonaje HOBor, OpTO,uOK-
cnor enncxona, Anevaja. Y HaBe,ueHOM onucy TIay-
JII1H KalKejour 11 ro na cy apl1jaHUI1 XTeJII1 yMecToAHe-
Ml1ja,ua y uCflloj U,PK6U (in eadem ecclesia), a Hey HeKoj
,upyroj o,u BI1IIIe nocTojenl1x y rpa,uy, pYKonOJIOlKe CBor
enl1CKOna; jacHo je, ,uaKJIe, ,ua je y nl1TalhY ca60pHa,
enl1CKOnCKa upKBa y npaBOM CMI1CJIY peQI1.
HaKOje ,u06pon03HaTO 11 QeCTO UI1Tl1paHO y paAO-
BI1Ma 0 paHOM Xpl1IIInaHcTBy, OBO CBe,uOQaHCTBO Hl1je,
KOJII1KO 3HaMO, ,uoca,u I1CKOpl1IIIneHO y ryMaQelhYpeJIe-
BaHTHI1X pesynrara apXeOJIOIIIKI1X ncxonaaarsa. OHO
je YTOJII1KO saa-rajaaje, IIITO y rpancxoa jesrpy nocan
naje aneararpaxoaaaa upxaa IV BeKa.
31
TIpBO na IIITa
ce MOlKe O,uHOCI1TI1 UI1Tl1paHH TeKCT, jecre neo 6a311JI11-
ice, ancnna, OTKpl1BeHa y rpancxoxt jesrpy sajenuo ca
horrea; KaKO je npeTnOCTaBJbeHO, OBa 6a311JII1Ka xac-
Hl1jeje MOrJIa 611TI1 npersopeaa y upKBy.32 TIo naurev
MHIIIJbelhY, OHa ce aajeeposaraaje MOlKe w.ueHTl1epI1KO-
BaTI1 ynpaBo ca enI1CKOnCKOM, 0 KOjOj rOBOpl1 AM6po-
cnjes 6Horpaep.
On OCTaJII1X HaJIa3a KOjl1 611 ,uOIIIJII1 Y06311p, nane-
IIIneMo OCTaTKe rpooponnc 6a311JII1Ke CanCI1,uOM, xoja
je MOrJIa 611TI1 paHOXpl1IIInaHCKa rp06JbaHCKa upKBa,
113Ha,u xoje je y 17B. nonarnyra 11 nanac nocrojeha up-
KBa CB. Crerpana. OCKy,uHOCT HaJIa3a nnje ,uOBOJbHa na
apXeOJI0311 nonecy noysnan 3aKJbYQaK 0 HaMeHI1 aH-
TI1QKe 3rpa,ue.
33
Hajsan, OCTaUI1 MaCI1BHOr 311,ua, CBa-
KaKO nexe jasae rpahesane, y HajylKeM jesrpy rpa,ua
27 0 TOMe norahajy ltl1TaMO y llaYJUIHH Vita Ambrosii, PL X IV
c. II; AM6pocHje je T)' XHpOTOHHjy HH3BPUlHO, HeKOJlHKO ronnna, He
xaxce ce 'raxao KOJlHKO, no CBOM H360pysa ermcxona 374. r.
28 Yn. Migne, Patrologiae cursus completus, s. Latina (nan,e
PL) XIV, c. 11.
29 0 CHpMHjCKHM enacxonnaa B. J. Zeiller, Les origines chr
etiennes dans les provinces danubiennes de I' Empire Romain, Paris
1918, 143-146; B. HR. Bratoz, Cerkvenopoliticni in kulturnozgo-
dovinski odnosi med Sirmijem in Akvilejo, Zgodovinski casopis 37,
St. 4, 1983, 259-272, ca cnHCKOM CHpMHjCKHx enncxona aa CTp.
268. (= Balcanica XVIII-XIX, 1987-1988, 151-176, na HeM.).
30 Altercatio Heracliani laid cum Germinio episcopo Sirmi-
ensi, PL suppl. I, ace. A. Hamman, Paris 1958, cols. 345-350. Yn.
M. MHJlHH, Crapnnap XLIX (1998) 203-214 (rrpeson HKOMeHTap
TeKCTa).
31 Yn. BJI. llonOBHn Sirmium I, 1971, 144; J. Guyon, Rev.
arch. 1976, f. 1., 179-181.
32 Ceicrop 29-30. 0 pe3YJITaTHMa ncxonaaarsa CHpMHja B.
Boskovic D., Duval N., Gras P., Popovic VI., Melanges de l'Ecole
Francaise de Rome, Antiquite, (nane MEFRA) 86,1974,597-656, yn.
Many JlOK. na CTp. 609, fig. 4; Baratte F. et Guyon J., Recherches
archeologiques aSirmium II, Rapport preliminaire de la campagne
franco-yugoslave de 1974 (I) MEFRA 87, 1975-1,397-411; BJI.
Ilonosuh, 1971, 119-148; id., PUMCKU uapcxu tpaqoeu y Cp6uju
(ed.Jl, Cpejosah), 1993, 15-24, ca ManOM CHpMHja, CTP. 21 H22 H
6H6J1. HajHoBHjH apxeonounca npernen upxasa AOHOCH Onra Bpyx-
nep, Tpaha 3a upoyuaeane CUOMeHUKa K)lJlUlype Bojeoquue 20,1999,
105-111. AyTOp je MHIlIJhefba na je nOMeHYTa ancnna neo XpHIlI-
hancxe upxae (CTP. 109 sq., nn. 6p. 6), aa IlITa rOBopH Hnponahena
npencrasa JOHe HKl1Ta, yn. <!JOT. 6p. 148 YPUMCKU uapcxu tpaqoeu U
uaJlaUley Cp6uju (ed. .II:. CpejoBHn),ErA 1993,339. BJI. llonoBHn,
loc. cit. 142, ca Han. 45, HaBOAH TaKol)e HaJla3e <!JparMeHaTa oJITap-
CKe MeH3e, aJlH onpe3HO npHMenyje AaHeAocTajy ApyrH AOKa3H 3a
H3pelteHY npeTnocTaBKy.
33 Yn. N. Duval, Sirmium >>Ville imperiale ou Capital?,
XXVI Corso di cultura sull'arte ravennate e bizantina, Ravenna 1979,
85; 3a AaTOBafbe y KOHCTaHTHHOBO Ao6a je O. EpyKHep, I. cit.
109-110, npeMaAeKOpaTHBHOM MOTHBy ABojHor KpCTa, lteCTOr jOill
y BpeMe KOHCTaHTHHa.
I1PHJI03H rr03HABAIhY XPHlllliAHCTBA YCHPMHJY 257
(JlOK. 7) Morao je raxohe npnnanara npxseaoj rpahe-
BI1HI1.
34
Hajfione casyaana KyJlTHa rpahennna, He,lJ,BOCMI1-
CJleHO sepcxc nasieae, je upxsa xoja je OTKpl1BeHa y
rpana; OHa je, no MI1IllJhelhY BJla,lJ,I1CJlaBa Ilono-
Bl1ha, nocsehena CB. LI.I1MI1TPl1jy COJlyHCKOM.
35
Ilpexta
Hal)eHoM 113 394-402, naur yrnenn I1cTPmKI1BalJ
je Cnpanosr 3aKJhYlJI10 na je rpahesnna nacrana nocne
394, na je nOlJeTKOM V B., 6I1Jla ourreheaa I1Jl11 nopyrue-
na, a npeMa HYMI13MaTl1lJKI1M HaJla311Ma 11 ,lJ,pymM nona-
06HOBJbeHa je OKO npyre neuennje neror CTOJle-
ha.
36
Ilonosnh je raxohe KOHCTaTOBao na cy OKBl1pHI1
311,lJ,0BI1 11 CTI1J106aTI1 KOJlOHa,lJ,a 6pO,lJ,OBa nOlJl1BaJlI1 na
6Pl1JKJhl1BO 3apaBlheHI1M 311,lJ,OBI1Ma crapnje rpahenmre
xoja, Mel)YTI1M, Hl1jeI1MaJla caxpanny HaMeHY.
37
Tlono-
Bl1h npennazcexao BpJlO npl1XBaTJhI1BY
jy HOBl1je upxse xao 6a3I1JlI1Ke CB. LI.I1MI1TPl1ja, xojy je
nonnrac rrperpexr I1J1l1pI1Ka JIeOHTI1je.
38
TII1Talhe je na JlI1 ce nocrojau,e paunje upxse, na-
TOBaHe y nesenecere rO,lJ,I1He IV sexa MO)Ke nOMepl1TI1
HeKI1X 15-20 ronnaa yaasan. Y cny-rajy na sa TO Heno-
croje npenpeKe, OTKpl1BeHe rpancxe
upxse ca ca60pHOM, He 611 611J1a CaCBI1M I1CKJhYlJeHa.
KOMeje 611J1a rrocaehena npaa xojy je JIe-
onrnje 06HOB110? He aepyjesro CB. LI.I1MI1TPl1jy (CI1PMl1j-
CKOM) - OH je Morao I1MaTI1 MapTl1pl1j, aJlI1 He rpancxy
xoja, y TO apcve, najaepoaarnuje naje MOrJla
611TI1 nocaehena Hl1je,lJ,HOM Cl1pMl1jCKOM MylJeHI1Ky. Kao
IllTOje n03HaTO, MapTl1pl1jl1 cy ce nO,lJ,113aJlI1 BaHrpan-
cxor jearpa, a TO rrorsphyjy 11 nse nocan OTKpl1BeHe tea-
nene nocnehene CI1PMl1jCKI1M CI1HepO-
ry39 11 I1peHejy40xoje ce nanase ys nexponone. Taxohe,
KaKO nO,lJ,BJlalJl1 Ilorroanh, upxaa CB. LI.I1MI1TPl1ja cejour
Hecnosratse y aerosoj najpanajoj nacl1jl1.
41
Ilpyra-m-
je CTBap CTOjl1 ca xpaaov 06HOBJheHI1M y V sexy. OH
je MO)K)J,a Morao 611TI1 nocsehen CB. LI.I1MI1TPl1jy, l1aKO
sa TO (sacan) HeMa cnarparpcxux CBe,lJ,OlJaHCTaBa, xao
HI1 apXeOJlOIllKI1X. AKO 611 ce y 6J111311HI1 osor OTKpl10
npyru, KOjl1 je, KaKO je 3a6eJle)KeHO 6110 nocaehen CB.
AHaCTaCl1jl1,42 OH,lJ,a 611 TO 6110 ,lJ,OKa3 11 ,lJ,a je naTpoH
npBor 3al1CTa CB. LI.I1MI1TPl1je. AJlI1,nl1Talheje AaJlI1 Map-
TI1Pl1j (JJ,pKBy) CB. AHaCTaCl1je Tpe6a Tpa)KI1TI1 y
Tpy rpa,lJ,a, a CaMI1M TI1M 11 MapTl1pl1j CB. LI.I1MI1TPl1ja.
YnpaBo CToraHl1jeCaCBI1M I1CKJhyqeHo ,lJ,aje oTKpI1BeHa
6a3I1JlI1Ka ynpaBo OHa y KOjOj je AM6pocI1je Xl1pOTO-
HI1CaO AHeMl1ja.I1naK, MHOroje BepOBaTHl1ja, KaKO CMO
rope HaBeJlI1, lheHa ca 6a311J1I1KOM
Ha 3a IllTa HeMa HI1KaKBI1X XPOHOJlOIllKI1X
HI1 ,lJ,pymxnpenpeKa.
Y HaBe,lJ,eHOM Ha nOlJeTKY HaIlle 6eJlell1Ke
jOll1je,lJ,aH ,lJ,eTaJh 3acJly)Kyjena)Klhy. Ty CTOjl1 ,lJ,a ceje,lJ,-
CTAPHHAP L, 2000.
na 0,lJ, )KeHa npacrannua apnjaacraa nonena na TP116y-
HaJlI1 nOBYKJIa AM6pocI1ja sao,lJ,e)K)J,y. Y0611lJajeH y xna-
Cl1lJHOM JlaTI1HI1TeTY, TepMI1H tribunal ,lJ,0611ja nocefiao
snaueise y xpmnhaacray 11 KOPI1CTI1 ce najsmne y 3Ha-
lJelhY cy,lJ,.43 Mel)yTI1M, y Diehlovom xopny-
cy oaaj 113pa3 ce peTKO cpehe 11 03HalJaBa EO)Kjl1 cyn
tribunal aeterni iudicis 11 CJI.
44
I13y3eTaKje jenaa arppa-
lJKI1 HaTnI1C: ad hanc do/mum dei tr/ibunal basi/licae...
Sabinianus ... peifecit.
45
OB,lJ,e je snasene pe-nr CBaKa-
KO y CarJlaCHOCTI1 ca OHI1M xoje HaBO,lJ,11 Niermeyer, che-
vet d' une eglise, high level sanctuarye.t'' AJlI1, no npn-
Mepy KOjl1 OH HaBO,lJ,11 - Debet pontifex venire in tribunal
ecclesiae et inclinare caput contra altare - rpaoynan
TPe6a CXBaTI1TI1 najnpe xao BJla,lJ,l1lJaHCKI1 rtpecro. Kaxo
je yrspheao, y paHl1jl1M 6a3I1JlI1KaMa, bema je Y3BI1Ille-
lhe y anCl1,lJ,11 na KojeMje crajao BJla,lJ,l1lJaHCKI1 npecro."?
Taxo ynpaso pasyxieao snaneae 113pa3a tribunal y pas-
MaTpaHoM nacycy 113 AM6pocI1jeBe 6110rpaqmje.
34 Ilpesra yCMeHoM caonurrersy O. Bpyxnep xoja je 1959. OT-
xpuna osaj 311,ll, 11 I1cTPa)l(J1J1a ra no resrersue crone. HaJla311 ce na
yrJlyyJl. CB. )J;I1MI1Tpl1ja 11 CB. Caae .
35 Yn. Vi. Popovic, Die Suddanubischen Provinzen in der
Spatantike, y Die VOlker Siidosteuropas im 6. bis 8. Jh. (hrsg. B
Hansel, Siidosteuropa Jahrbuch 17, 1987) 95-139; I1CTO, YHeWTO
cxpahenoj sepsnja, nn., Tnac CAHYCCCLXXXIV, on, I1CTOp. Ha-
yKa KIh. 10, 1998, 43- 56; naupr OCHOBe upicae 11 pexoncrpyicnaja,
50-52, CJI. 2-411 epOT. aa tcpajy-mamca; y 06a xnaaxa cy naseneaa
asnaaa nacnja CB. )J;I1MI1Tpl1ja; najaosaje P. Lemerle, Les plus an-
ciens recueils des Miracles de Saini-Demetrius, I Le texte, Paris
1979; II Commentaire,1981.
36 Ilonoaah 1987, 120-121.
37 Id. 1987, 118 (=1998, 50).
38 Jleonrnje ce cpehe y CBa rpa cryrnsa nerenne 0 CB. )J;I1MI1-
rpajy, npesra onurre npaxsahenoj, Delehaye-osoj nonenn (Les
legendes grecques des saints militaires, Paris 1909); TeKCTOBe UI1-
TI1pa Vickers, loc. cit. 341-343 .
39 OTKpl1BeHa y npOWJlOM sexy 11 nOTOM nponaJla, yn. II. MI1-
.noureaah, Sirmium II, 1971, Pi. I-III 11 erturparpcxe nornpne, CIL
III 1023211 10233.
40 Harnnc na KOMe CTOjl1 basilica domini nostri Irenei nenno-
CMI1CJleHO je nOTBp,ll,110 KOMe je nocaehena HeBeJlI1Ka jenaooponna
6a311J1I1Ka OTKpl1BeHa iconceBepOI1CTOqHe rpancxe nexponone, yn.
N. Duval, 1979, 83, fig. 6; yn. 11 PUMCKU uapcxu ipaqoeu y Cp6uju,
ed.)J;. CpejoBl1h, Eeorpa,ll, 1993,353, epOT. 158.
41 Y Passio prima no Delehaye-y, yn. IIonoBl1n, TAac, 46.
42 JIeoHTI1je he carpa,ll,I1TI1 HOBy UpKBy 1tAl)(rioV 'tOt)
OtKO'\) K<XAAtVtKO'\) j.luptUpo;
43 V. H. Leclerque, DACL XV 2, 2761-2785, s.v. tribunal.
44 Diehl, ILChV 3864; tribunal Christi, 3485 A, yn. 11 3858 A.
3482.
45 lb. nr. 1842.
46 Niermeyer, J. F. Mediae latinitatis lexicon minor, Leiden
1976, s. V. tribunal.
47 Up. A. M. Schneider, Bema, RAC 2,129-130; D. Pallas, L'
edifice cultuel chretien et la liturgie dans I' Illyricum oriental, Actes
du X-e congres international d' archeologie chretienne, Thessalonique
1980 (Citta del Vaticano 1984), 130; 0 amvonu 119-131.
258 MHJIEHA MHJIHH
TII1Talhe xoje heMo ycnyr norahn je mrran-e nOI1C-
ronehaaaa,a CB. ,IJ;I1Ml1'qmja, Cl1pMMjyMcKor haxona ca
MCTOMMeHMM COJIyHCKMM OepMUMpOM, CBeTMTeJheM M
3alllTMTHMKOM oaor rpana. Ilpesra canaunsesr cratsy
M3Bopa, Mnopen 6pOjHMx yyeHMXMsacnpenax rtoxy-
maja, He MO)Ke ce yTBp,IJ;MTM,IJ;a JIM cy y nararsy ,IJ;Ba pa-
3JIl1Yl1Ta MCTOI1MeHa MyYeHMKa,48 MJIM ce CMpMMjCKM
HaJIa3M y OCHOBM KyJITa 3alllTMTHMKa COJIyHa.
49
3a ,IJ;pyry Te3Y Mel)yrMM, HeMa ,IJ;OKa3a; Hl1r,IJ;e nnje
CaYyBaH HM nOMeH npeaonretsa CBeTMTeJheBMX MOlll-
rujy M3 CMpMMjay TeCaJIOHMKy ttranslatio, depositioi,
xao lllTOje CJIyYaj ca BI1111e rtpyrnx CMpMMjCKMX MyYe-
HMKa; ,IJ;OBOJhHO je cavo nO,IJ;CeTI1TM na CB. AHaCTaCM-
jy.5,IJ;a JIM cy CTaHOBHMUM TeCaJIOHMKe (CBeCHO) TaKO
6P30 M36pMCaJIM nOMeH 0 nopeKJIy csor 3alllTMTHl1Ka
,IJ;a 6M ra nornyno npMcBojMJIM? Ilperrrocrasxa je MO-
ryha, aJIM uenpoaepnaa, xao Msehmra lhMXaesaaa aa
OBO rnrrane. C npyre crpane, 36Ylhyje YMlheHMua ,IJ;a
ce y caBpeMeHMM MapTMpOJIOmjMMa He cnosmne HM-
KaKaB COJIyHCKM MyYeHMK ,IJ;MMMTPMje. OHa ce TyMaYM
na ,IJ;Ba HaYMHa. (1) Ilonosah je Y3MMa xao jenan O,IJ;
,IJ;OKa3a ,IJ;a MyYeHMK CTI1M MMeHOM HMjeHM nocrojao y
COJIyHy, seh ,IJ;a ce KyJIT 3alllTMTHMKa COJIyHa pa3BMO
113 crapor narancxor KyJITa, BepOBaTHO MaKe,IJ;OHCKMX
Ka6Mpa.
51
Taj aatcrsyxax He Mopa ,IJ;a CJIe,IJ;M. Jep, xao
lllTO je n03HaTO, xpaurhancrso je yXBaTMJIO xopena M
npounrpano ce y TeCaJIOHMKl1 11 y ceaepnoj Tp-ncoj
jour Y anOCTOJICKO ,IJ;06a, ,IJ;OK je Cnpyre CTPaHe 6poj
nOCBe,IJ;OYeHMX xpmnhancxax MyYeHMKa 6MO TOJII1KM
,IJ;a unje pa3YMJhMBO saurro 6Mce M3MMlllJhaO HeKl1 HOBM,
ncnocrojcha.V (2) Vickers, xao npMCTaJIMua Deleha-
yeo-Be rese KOpHCTM OKOJIHOCT lllTO MyYeHMKOBO MMe
unje 3a6eJIe)KeHO y MapTMpOJIOmjy ynpaso tcao no-
TBp,IJ;y ,IJ;a je KyJIT CB. ,IJ;MMMTpMja npener M3 CMpMHja,
rne je a.eroso MMe 3a6eJIe)KeHo.
53
Ho, aKOje npemocrasxa 0 npenocy MOlllTl1jy,IJ;MMM-
TpHja CHpMHjcKor y COJIyH MTaYHa, npOUBaT CBeTI1Te-
rseaor KyJITa y CMpMHjy - xoja je ,IJ;OBeO 11,IJ;0 nposreae
HMeHa rpa,IJ;a - noyeo je TeKnOlllTOje OH, npOCJIaBJheH
MyBeJIWIaH y COJIyHy, npener (nOHOBO?) y CMpMHjyM.
Jep, HeMa CBe,IJ;OYaHCTBa, ennrparpcxor HM npyror, 0
HapOYMTOM nourroaatsy haxoua ,IJ;MMMTPMja y Cnpaajy
y IV aexy; ra CBe,IJ;OYaHCTBa cy ,IJ;OUHMja.
54
MJIa,IJ;M ha-
KOH je cavo jenan O,IJ; MHomx y TOM rpa,IJ;y KOjM cy )KHBO-
TOM nOCBe,IJ;OYHJIM CBOjy sepy 11 YMjM cy cnOMeHM 6pH)K-
JhMBO YyBaHM. Cna-ran je cny-iaj, aa npMMep, ca CB.
MOHTaHOM, CBelllTeHMKOM H3 CHHrM,IJ;yHa, lJHja HaMje
passion03HaTa
55
HlJMjeje MMe M,IJ;aHaC y KaJIeH,IJ;apy, aJIl1
HeMaMO ,IJ;aJhMX nOTBp,IJ;a 0 passojy n.eroaor KyJITa y
CMpMMjy. 3a pa3JIMKy O,IJ; lhMX, erurrparpcxn Mapxeono-
lllKMje nompheno nocrojarse xanena MyqeHHKa CMHe-
P0Ta Menncxona Hpeueja, KaKO CMO rope HaBeJIM M,
lllTOje HapOqHTO Ba)KHO, norspben je MKOHTMHyHTeT
nourroaaaa oaor npyror y BH3aHTMHCKO ,IJ;06a.
56
Ilpeua TOMe, npernocrasxa 0 ,IJ;Ba pa3JIl1YMTa XO-
MOHMMHa MyqeHMKa Hl1je HeMoryha.
57
I13BecHo je,
nrrax, je,IJ;MHO TO, ,IJ;a ce KyJIT ,IJ;HMMTPMja COJIyHcKor
pa3BMO nan-e y CMpMMjy, rne ce CTonMO ca JIOKaJIHMM
KyJITOM MCTOI1MeHOr MyqeHMKa - MJIM ra nOTMcHyO -
6e3 063Mpa na TO ,IJ;a JIM cy npeTXO,IJ;HO peJIHKBMje CHP-
MMjcKor CBeTMTeJha 6l1JIe npenere y COJIyH MJII1 He.
TIPHTOM He YJIa3HMO y paanarpaise naraaa M,IJ;eHTM-
rera CB. ,IJ;MMMTPMja COJIyHcKor.
48 Kaxo csrarpa B. Ilonoanh, loc. cit. (y Han. 4).
49 IIpeTllOCTaBKy je npau H3HeO H. Delehaye, Les origines du
culte des martyrs, Bruxelles 1933 (2 ed.), 228-229, yn. Zeiller op. cit.
81-83: ... martyr de Thessalonique... qui n'a d'existence que dans
la legende, mais qui s'est substitue au modeste clerc de la metropol
pannonienne. YHOBHje apexre OBy Te3Y nOApJKaBa M. Vickers, Sir-
mium or Thessaloniki? A critical examination of the St. Demetrius
legend, BZ 63, 1974, 337-350.
50 Iloopo je n03HaT translatio Mowmjy CB. AHaCTaCl1je y KOH-
CTaHTHHOnOJb, OKO 460 r. 11 nOTOM y 3aAap OKO 804. r. Yn. Zeiller,
op. cit. 84-86.
51 Ilonoanh 1987, 117; 1998,46, npaxsarajyha pauuja cnnxaa
fJIeAHIlITa. Vickers, l. cit. 344, onoauyje OBa racionalist explanations
... since they rest on analogies which are frequently superficial, and
in particular do not take account of the fact that Demetrius does not
seem to habe been honoured originally as a military saint.
52 Ha TO yxasyje HM. Jarak, The chronological Position ofthe
Pannonian martyrs in the Course of Diocletian's Persecution, u West-
illyricum und Nordostalpen in der spatromischen Zeit (ed. R. Bratoz),
Ljubljana 1996, 275.
53 Hier. Mart. AA. SS, 9 apr. .. In Sirmia Demetri diaconi, xao H
y CHpl1jCKOM MapmpOJIomjyH3 441, yn. Vickers, loc. cit. 343-345.
54 Zeitler (op. cit. 83 n. 2) HaBOAH nOAaTaK KOjl1 KacHHjl1l1cTpa-
IKHBal.J11 HeKOpHCTe, na CC y CpeAfhCM BCKy CB. ,Il,I1MI1TPl1je ABanyr Y3a-
CTonHO nOMl1fhC y Litaniae sanctorum Syrmiensium: Sancte Demetri
diacone martyr, sancte Demetri Dioceseos patrone martyr. IIo MHW-
JbelbY BeJII1KOr HaYl.JHHKa, OBAe je 06a nyra pex 0 Cl1pMl1jCKOM CB.
,Il,HMHTpHjy. Ihrran.e je, Met)yTHM, na JII1 ce y lIpyroM otipaharsy
MHCJIH ynpaso na COJIyHcKor CBeTHTeJba, no rpamnmj HaMeCHHKa
Xenane, sa WTa 6Hce, uenpeumno, MHCJIHJIO y CHHTarMH dioceseos
patrone, aa pa3JIHKy on nperxonnor, diacone.
55 Cnounn,e ra Xl1jepoHI1MOB Martyrologium, V Idus Maii,
yn. Acta sanctorum t. III, 614-615.
56 Yn. H. Delehaye, op. cit. 256 sq. KOjl1 aasonu Teophylact.
Mart. SS XV martyrum, c. 54: HCKH Byrapnn 06I1JIa:m0 jc CBa MeCTa
na KOjl1M CBeUH l.JI1He l.JYlleca, 11 CB. Hpeneja, 1tOAUV Kat aiycov ix06-
IlEVOV EV '"Co\:<; 8aullam, PG t. CXXVI, p. 220. 0 npaxsarau.y CB.
Hpeneja on cTpaHe CJIOBeHa yn. H. BeJIHMl1pOBl1n, OXpUgCKU upo-
AO! 229, (26. MapT). MHCJIH ce na je 6110 CJIOBeHI1H.
57 IIPOTI1B oaora je ourrpo M. Jarak, I. cit. 276: Finally, let us
mention an astonishing result of the new thesis about Demetrius.:
two saints named Demetrius were worshiped in Sirmium in the 5
th
century. Ayropxa OIllTPO onfinja l\eJIY pacnpasy BJI. OOnOBl1na,
Hey311MajynH y 06311P na je MI1IlIJhClbe 0 HeKOM naraHCKOM (nOJIy)-
60JKaHcTBy ca KOjl1M je nOHCToBeneH CB. ,Il,HMMTpHje COJIyHCKI1 Ben
OAaBHO nocrojano,
Summary:
nPMJl03M n03HABAlhY XPMIIIliAHCTBA Y CMPMMJY
MILENA MILIN, Institute for Balkan Studies, Belgrade
CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE KNOWLEDGE
OF CHRISTIANITY IN SIRMIUM
259
1. ON THE FAITH OF GERMINIUS,
BISHOP OF SIRMIUM
The author discusses a shift in the bishop Germinius' con-
fession of faith from semi-Arian towards Nicene (based on the
writing Altercatio... , n. 5, and other documents, ns. 2-4, 6, 8).
Germinius' evolution is obvious in a letter of his (PL X, Hil.
Frg. XIII) that prompted the semi-Arian bishops, his yesterday's
fellows of one mind, to demand an explanation (ib. Frg. XIV).
What arouses suspicion of Germinius' sincerity is the fact that
he did not sign the letter personally, in his words: quia manus
dolerem.
In the Altercatio, a debate (going on in early 366) with the
layman Heraclianus and his comrades accused of confessing the
Nicene Creed, Germinius appears as ironical, cunning and
inconsistent, because he eventually gives in to Heraclianus,
whose condemnation is claimed by the Homoiousians present.
After the unsuccessful attempt to win him over for the heretical
community followed by the threats of exile, the bishop begins
to find excuses for the accused and concludes by setting them
free (et sic eos dimiserunty. To interpret this act as a result of
Germinius' clemency is not acceptable (n. 24). It seems more
likely that, his original design having failed, he resorted to a
compromise: he set them free, and they se humiliarent sub
manus eius (accepted his blessing). Whether Germinius' faith
was shaken by the advocates of the Nicene Creed is open to
conjecture. Just as in the case of the Credo, where he may have
been sincere but not audacious enough to sign it, it remains
unclear whether he acted in accordance with his conviction and
at which point the conviction came to be sacrificed to his
interests.
CTAPI1HAP L, 2000.
2. THE EPISCOPAL CHURCH IN SIRMIUM
The first explicit confirmation of the existence of the
cathedral in Sirmium occurs in the Vita Ambrosii by Paulinus of
Nola (cf the quotation in the opening paragraph of this text, with
n. 1) and it refers to the period between 376 and 378. Paulinus
also says that it was in the same church that the Arians wanted to
ordain their own bishop in place of Anemius, which renders it
clear that this was the cathedral, the episcopal church. The inter-
pretations of relevant archaeological discoveries have not made
use of this important testimony. It even gains in importance
considering that no remains of a 4
th-century
church have been
ascertained within the city walls yet (n. 4). The quotation may
refer to two structures. (1) Part of a basilica, the apse, discovered
in the city along with horrea; the basilica is presumed to have
been converted to a church subsequently (n. 5). (2) The best-
preserved cult edifice, undoubtedly of a devotional nature, is a
church discovered in the city centre (n. 8). From the coins dating
from 394-402 and some other evidence, it has been inferred that
the edifice was built after 394, and that it was damaged and re-
paired in the early 5
th
century (n. 9). If the erection of the older
church, placed in the 390's, may be antedated by 15-20 years,
its identification with the episcopal church referred to by Paulinus
of Nola is not to be ruled out (on other structures, (-1 ns. 6 and 7).
The author also comments on a discussion concerning the
identification of St Demetrios, a deacon from Sirmium, with St
Demetrios of Thessalonica, taking the view that the present
state of sources cannot be relied on for determining whether
they were two different martyrs of the same name (Popovic, n.
4) or the cult of the patron of Thessalonica originated from that
of the Sirmium martyr (n. 22).