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Part Ten

Collocations

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juror_qahtan1@yahoo.com

John Rupert Firth

John Rupert Firth (1890-1960), British linguist


( 1960-1890)
and a key figure in the development of linguistics
.
in Britain. Central to his work, collectively

known as Firthian linguistics, are his contextual

theory of meaning and his ideas on collocation
.
and polysystemicism. Collocation is the

arrangement of words and other linguistic

elements in language. Polysystemicism is an
.

analytic approach based on the view that a single

system of principles and categories cannot
.
account for patterns in language. In the mid )
1930s, Firth conceived prosodic phonology, a
(
systematic approach to sound patterns in
.
language. This system is based on the phoneme
)
(smallest unit of speech) and incorporates such
: (

elements as pitch, tempo, and loudness.
.

Firth was born in Keighley, Yorkshire, England. He was


.
a professor of English at the University of Punjab in

Lahore, India, from 1919 to 1928. He was Senior
1928 1991
Lecturer in phonetics at University College in London

from 1928 to 1938, and was chair of the Department of
.1938 1928
General Linguistics at the University of London from
.1956 1928
1944 to 1956. His published works include Speech
)
(1930) and The Tongues of Men (1937). Many of his
) ( 1930
other writings appear in Papers in Linguistics 1934 .(1937
1951 (1957) and Selected Papers of J.R. Firth 1952-1934
1959 (1968).
( 1957) 1951
.(J.R. Firth 1952- 1959(1968

Choose the correct answer a,b,c,d or e to complete the meaning:1- He spoke English with a ........ French accent.
a. average
b. careless
c. widespread
2- His new novel has met with ........ acclaim.

.
d. pronounced
e. chronic
.

a. careless
b. dreadful
c. great
3- We need to make sure that there is enough ........
accommodation to house all the delegates.
a. careless
b. dreadful
c. yellow
4- He gave us a ........ account of all that you had
achieved over there.
a. ready
b. yellow
c. careless
5- Could you please give me an ........ account?
a. itemised
b. dreadful
c. great
6- We need to crack down hard on the ........ abuse of
drugs.
a. average
b. outright
c. widespread
7- He was able to predict what was going to happen with
........ accuracy.
a. itemised
b. uncanny
c. careless
8- They've made some highly ........ accusations about us.
a. itemised
b. uncanny
c. damaging
9- We need to find a new site with ........ access to the
European motorway network.
a. ready
b. outright
c. widespread
10- This will probably be the ........ achievement of her career.
a. itemised
b. uncanny
c. damaging
11- I did all the groundwork on this project but he only
gave me a ........ acknowledgement in his report.
a. itemised
b. uncanny
c. damaging
12- I don't know him very well. He's just a ..................
acquaintance.
a. casual
b. uncanny
c. damaging
13- We're fighting for the ............ abolition of the death
penalty.
a. average
b. outright
c. decisive
14- I'm afraid he was involved in a ........ accident.
a. ready
b. dreadful
c. widespread
15- He invited me around to see his ........ acquisition, a
new BMW.
a. casual
b. latest
c. damaging
16- We need to take some ......... action before it is too late.
a. casual
b. latest
c. decisive
17- He wasn't particularly good. He was of about ........
ability.
a. average
b. latest
c. decisive
18- I don't think we can succeed without the ................
acceptance of the unions.
a. average
b. polite
c. careless
19- There always a lot of ........ activity going on but
nothing much seems to get done!
a. careless
b. latest
c. yellow

d. pronounced
e. wholehearted

.
d. luxury
e. wholehearted
.
d. luxury
e. glowing

d. luxury
e. glowing

.
d. frenetic
e. careless

.
d. luxury
e. glowing
.
d. luxury
e. glowing

.
d. pronounced
e. wholehearted
.

d. crowning
e. glowing

.
d. crowning
e. grudging

.
d. crowning
e. grudging
.
d. frenetic
e. chronic
.
d. pronounced
e. wholehearted
BMW
.
d. crowning
e. grudging
.
d. crowning
e. grudging
.
.
d. frenetic
e. chronic

.
d. pronounced
e. wholehearted

.
d. frenetic
e. grudging

20- I'm afraid her husband has got a ...... addiction to gambling.
a. careless
b. latest
c. decisive

.
d. frenetic
e. chronic