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Fundamental Principles in English Conversation

juror.qahtan1@gmail.com

:
) (Question ) (Answer
:
)( (Helping Verbs) .
)( (Question Words) .
)( :
-:
. ) (,Yes
. ) (,No
.

couldnt
wouldnt
shouldnt
might not

: is, am, are, was, were a. Verb to Be


: has, have, had b. Verb to Have
: do, does, did c. Verb to Do
d. Defective Verbs
can
could
cant
will
would
wont
shall
should
shant
may
might
may not
ought to
oughtnt to
need
neednt

:
?1-Mrs. Arthur is a clever teacher. Is Mrs. Arthur a clever teacher
-Yes, she is.
? 2-I am reading English now. Are you reading English now
-Yes, I am.
? 3-Mary is very beautiful . Is Mary very beautiful
-Yes, she is.
? . Was Cliff ambitious 4-Cliff was ambitious
-Yes, he was.
? 5-The boys were not ill yesterday . Were the boys ill yesterday
-No, they werent.
-:
-1 ) (You ) (I ) (We .
-2 ) (Verb to Be Tense Present :
) (is, am, are Tense Past ) :
were . (was ) (I ) (am .
? 6-Tom has just eaten the food . Has Tom just eaten the food
-Yes, he has.

7-Daivid and his brother have studied English well already .


-Have David and his brother studied English well already ?
Yes, they have.
8-It had not rained in the desert before we visited it .
-Had it rained in the desert before we visited it ? -No, it hadnt.
( has, have, had) -3
.
.( Present Perfect Tense )
1-just
6-lately

2-already

7-recently

: -4
3-since
4-for
5-yet
8-ever

9-never

( had) -5
. .
. (when ( )before ( )after ):
. (Verb to Do) -6
(ed) ( s)
( s) .(Do )
( s) ( es) ( Does ( )es)
( ed) .
.( Did )
:
9-Dr. Nelson helps his patients every month .
-Does Dr. Nelson help his patients every month ? -Yes, he does.
10-Engineer Tom and engineer Martin speak English well .
-Do engineer Tom and engineer Martin speak English well?
-Yes, they do.
11-It did not rain last night . Did it rain last night?
-No, it didnt
12-Mr. Black can play football very well .
-Can Mr. Black play football very well ? -Yes, he can.
13-Dr. Philip could not come to the lecture because he was very busy .
-Could Dr. Philip come to the lecture ? -No, he couldnt.
(wont) ( will) ( shant) ( shall) ( we)( I) :

14-The doctor will not go to hospital tomorrow morning.


-Will the doctor go to hospital tomorrow morning ? -No, he wont.
15-We shall not study English next month .
-Shall we study English next month ? -No, we shant.

Exercise (1): Make questions and then answer them : 16-He must help the baby.
Must ..................................................... ? ....................................
17-Jane ought to study day and night.
Ought ....................................... ? ......................................................
18-The examination will not be difficult.
Will .......................................... ? ..................................................

. is good in Sweden 19-Spring


Is ................................................. ? ....................................
. in the past was very common 20-Gold
Was .................................... ? .................................................
carpets . good sell does not 21-The market
Does .................................... ? ................................................
)( :
7-How much
13-Where
8-How often
14-Which
9-How tall
15-Who
10-How wide
16-Whom
11-What
17-Whose
12-When
18-Why

1-How
2-How deep
3-How far
4-How high
5-How long
6-How many

) -1 (How . ) (by )
(with:
. car by 1-Susan comes to school
? does Susan come to school -How
) -2 (How deep .
. :
. is fifty meters deep 2-This well
? is this well -How deep
) -3 (How far .
. :
3-The city is 400 kilometers from the capital.
? is the city from the capital -How far
) -4 (How high .
. :
. is seventy meters high 4-This mountain
? is this mountain -How high
) -5 (How long

:
. is fifty kilometers long 5-a. This street
? is this street -How long
b. William has been studying English for six days .
? has William been studying English -How long
May. in London since c. Lawyer James has been
? has lawyer James been in London -How long
: ) (for ) s, a, an ( ) (since ) s, a, an (.

) -6 (How many
) (s . :
seven days in a week. 6-There are
? days are there in a week -How many

(s) ( How much ) -7


: ) ( .
7-There is a lot of milk in the bottle .
-How much milk is there in the bottle ?
(once ( ) How often ) -8
: .(three times ( ) twice )
8-Pupils go to school six times a week .
-How often do pupils go to school ?
: . ( How tall ) -9
9-My brother is 165 centimeters tall .
How tall is your brother ?
( How wide ) -10
: .
10-This wall is forty centimeters wide.
-How wide is this wall ?
( ) Subject ( )What )-11
: .(Object
11-a.Hunger made the baby cry .
-What made the baby cry ?
b. I am studying English now.
-What are you studying now ?
: . ( When )-12
12-They should sleep for eight hours every night.
-When should they sleep for eight hours ?
( Where )-13
: .
13-France lies south of England.
-Where does France lie ?
: . ( Which )-14
14- I like green color .
-Which color do you like ?
: . ( Who ) -15
15-The teacher teaches the pupils .
-Who teaches the pupils ?
: . (Whom ) -16
16-The doctor treats his patients in hospital.
-Whom does the doctor treat in hospital ?
: .( Whose )-17
17-This is Margarets book .

-Whose book is this ?


(for ( )because ( )Why )-18
: . (to )
18-We go to cinema to see the film.
-Why do you go to cinema ?

Exercise (2): Make questions for these answers :


19-They will travel to London next summer .
-When ............................................................................................... ?
20-He goes to theatre to see the play .
-Why ................................................................................................ ?
21-There are twelve months in a year .
-How many ....................................................................................... ?
22-This is Roberts book .
-Whose ............................................................................................. ?
23-This school is one kilometer wide .
-How wide ......................................................................................... ?
24-He didnt come because he was very ill .
-Why ................................................................................................. ?
25-My name is Sue.
-What .............................................................................................. ?
26-They will need a little food.
-How much ....................................................................................... ?
27-My friend goes to zoo twice a month .
-How often ....................................................................................... ?
28-They may give my brother a gift .
-Whom ............................................................................................ ?

Part One


Exercises in English conversations

Exercise (3) : Answer , choose or complete these questions :1-What is your full name?
-My full name is ............................................................................. .
2-Where are you from?
-I am from ....................................................................................... .
3-What is your religion ( ?Choose ):-I am . (a. Moslem b. Christian c. Yazidi)
4-What are you? ( Choose) :-I am ............................................ .
(a. married b. bachelor c. divorced d. widower e. widow)
5-What is your passport number?
-My passport number is: (Choose):a. ............................................. . b. I have no passport yet.
c. I dont know. d. It is mentioned on the passport.
6-a) When was it issued ?
-It was issued on ........................................................................... .

b) When will it expire ?


-It will expire on ........................................................... .
c) Where was it issued ?
-It was issued in ............................................................................. .
7-Where are you traveling ( ?Choose) :a. I dont know yet
b. I may travel abroad
c. To the States
d. To Dubai
e. To Germany
f. Home
8-Are you traveling by airplane, ship, bus or train ?
-I may travel either by ship or by ................................... .
9-How much does it cost from Jordan to New York by air in US $?
-It approximately costs ...........................................US $ .
10-Did you go on a trip to Paris? ( Choose )
-Yes, I .............................................. (a. is b. was c. do d. did)
11-What is the telephone code number of ( Qatar )?
-The telephone code number of Qatar is . .
12-Mrs. Brown is very clever. .......................................... ( )is her
husband . ( Choose ):(a. Neither b. So c. But d. And)
13-a) Hello. Is Mr. David there ?
-No, he ........................................................................................ .
b) When will he be back ?
-He will be back ........................................................................ .
c) Can I leave a message for him?
-Yes, go ahead or .
d) His line is engaged now . Can you call him later ?
- a. I think so or .
14-a) Can I reserve a single room in your hotel for two nights ?
-Of course you can . Or
b) How much is the single room and the double room ?
-The single room is ten US $ a day but
the .............................. is ............................. US $ with breakfast.
c) How much is it a night full board ?
-It is .............................................................. US $ with full board.
d) Does it have a bath or a shower ?(Choose):1) It has a bath but not a ......................................................... .
2) It has neither a ............................... nor a ........................ .
15-Are the hotel guests local citizens or foreigners ?
-They are ...................................................................................... .
16-Is there a lift in this hotel ?
-Yes, there is one near the .......... .
17-Where is the restaurant , please ?
-It is in front of the ............................................................... .
18-I want to cash this travelers check . Is the bank open ? (Choose) :(a. I think so b. Im sorry today is a holiday

c. Try to ask the cashier d. Yes, there is)


19-How is the weather today ? ( Choose) :-Today the weather is .............................................................. .
(a. sunny b. windy c. cold d. hot e. moderate )
20-Is there a form to fill in ( ? Choose):-Yes, there is .............................. (a. one b. two c. three d. four)
21-Where is the customs office , please ?
-It is near the ................................................... office .
22-Do you have anything to declare
?
-Yes, I do. I have .. .
a. 200 cigarettes
b. a bottle of perfume
c. my personal camera d. a mobile telephone
e. a personal computer
f. a gold watch
23-Is there any duty on them ( ? Choose):-Yes, there ........................................ (a. is b. are c. was d. were)
24-Is smoking allowed here or is it forbidden ?
-I think it is ............................................................................. .
25-Where is the waiting room ?
-It is opposite the ........................................................... room.
26-Where is the luggage room ?
- .............................................................. behind the cafeteria .
27-Is there any time table for the train ?
- Yes, ............................................................................................. .
28-Where is the reservation office ?
-It is beside the customs ........................................ .
29-Have you got your tickets ?
-Im sorry . Ive lost .......................................................... .
30-Is the ticket tester coming ?
-Yes, ................................................. is coming.
31-Where is the railway ................................. , please ?
-It is on the second turning .
32-How do you want your ticket : one wayor round trip
?
-It is up to you . Either one way or ............................... .
33-Is the trip a direct way from Syria to Canada ?
-Yes, it ............................................................................. .
34-What are there in your suitcase ?
-There are :

(a) two suits
(h) one hair brush
(b) one over coat
(i) one tooth-paste
(c) two shirts
(j) one small knife
(d) one T-shirt
(k) one towel
(e) four ties
(L) three handkerchiefs
(f) six pairs of socks
(m) a mirror and a razor .

(g) one belt


(n) a mobile
35-What is your threefold name ?
-My threefold name is ............................................................. .
36-How old are you ?
-I am ........................................................................ years old .
37-Where do you live ?
-I live in ................................................................................ .
38-What is today ?
-Today is ......................................................................................... .
39-What was yesterday ?
-Yesterday was ................................................................................ .
40-What will tomorrow be ?
-Tomorrow will be ............................................................................ .
41-How many days are there in a week ?
-There are .................................................................... days in a week.
42-Is summer cold or hot ?
-Summer is ......................................................................................... .
43-Does Friday come before or after Saturday ?
-Friday comes .................................................................................... .
44-What time is it now ?
-It is ................................................................................................. .
45-How many brothers do you have ?
-I have ............................................................................................. .
46-How tall are you ?
-I am ..................................................................... centimeters tall.
47-How much do you weigh ?
-I weigh ............................................. kilograms .
-I weigh ............................................. pounds .
48-What color is your hair ?
- My hair is ........................... color .
49-What color is your eyes ?
- My eyes is ............................................. color .
50-How do you come to your office ?
-I come to my office ............................................ .
51-How many months are there in a year ?
-There are .................................. months in a year.
52-Which day of the week is a holiday in your country ?
-......................................... is a holiday in my country.
53-How many months are there in spring ? What are they ?
-There are ..................... months in spring. They are ......................... .

54-How many days does June have ?


-June has ........................................................ days .
55-Is May hot or cold in Sweden ?
- l think May is ................................................... in Sweden.
56-Are you interested in watching TV ?
-.............................................................................. .
57-What is your favorite hobby ?
-My favorite hobby is ................................................... .
58-What would you like to be in the future ?
-I would like to be a ................................................... .
59-Is Algeria in Asia or in Africa ?
- Algeria is in ................................................... .
60-What does Italy export ?
- l think Italy exports ...................... and ........................................... .
61-When do people wear thin clothes ?
-People wear thin clothes in ................................................... .
62-What does a butcher sell ?
-A butcher sells ...................................................................... .
63-What are some tables and chairs usually made of ?
-Some tables and chairs are usually made of .................. or ........................ .

64-What is your telephone number ?


-My telephone number is ............................................. .
65-What is your business ?
-I am ....................................................................... .
66-Have you ever traveled abroad ?
- .............................................................................. .
67-Do you intend to travel abroad ?
- ............................................................................. .
68-Do you like picnics ? Why ?
- ............................................................................. .
69-Can you adapt yourself to the climate in Canada ?
- .............................................................................. .
70-Hello . Is Miss Ann there , please ?
-No, she went to ................................................... .
71-Mr. Brown went to the Customs Office , didnt he ?
- ........................................................................... .
72-I would like to notify Istanbul about the coming of ten
trucks . Do you know where the manifests are ?
- ................................................... .
73-Why do you want to go abroad ?
-I want to go abroad to ................................................... .
74-Name some of the largest towns in the States?
-Miami and ................................................... .
75-What is the capital of the USA?
- ................................................... is the capital of the USA.
76-What two main languages are spoken in Canada ?

-They are ........................................ and ................................... .


77-If you want to go to New Zealand, what should you have in advance
?
- If I go to New Zealand, I should have ........................... in advance .
78-What is the currency of Switzerland ?
-The ................................................... is the currency of Switzerland .
79-How is the climate in Canada ?
-It is arctic and .......................................................................... .
80-Are Americans friendly people ?
- ............................................................................................... .

81-Learn the full words of the following abbreviations :( )


a) U.N. = United Nations
b) UNESCO = United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Culture
Organization

c) UNICEF = United Nations Childrens Fund

d) UNRWA = United Nations Relief and Works Agency
:
e) WFP = World Food Program

Part Two

Answer these questions about traveling by road and business


dialogues or fill in the blanks :1-Hello . Is Mr. Sam there ?
-No, hes out right now .
-No , he went to Turkey .
-No , he went to .. .
2-How many trucks are coming to the boarders ?
- ........................................... trucks are coming to the boarders.
-I think .................................... trucks are coming to
the boarders.
-Im sorry . Mr. Brown knows the exact number .
3-What is all the cargo ?
-All the cargo is plate .
-I think it is ..s
4-What is the name of the driver ?
-The name of the driver is Mr. .................................................... .
5-What is the total weight ?
-The total weight is ............................................. tons .
6-Do you want a fax ? Shall I fax you ?
- ....................................................................................... .
7-What is the situation of the trucks ?
-It is fine .
-It is .. .
8-Do you want anything from the manager ?

-No , thanks .
-Please tell him that .. .
9-What is todays program ?
-Todays program is ......................................................... .
10-Was the Paris to Istanbul fax correct ?
-Yes, it was . Or
-It was missing the managers signature .
11-When will Mr. Smith come ? When will he go ?
-Mr. Smith will come on ............................................ He will go
on ......................................................... .
12-What is the day today ?
-The day today is ....................................................................... .
13-Who is the director general ?
-Mr. David is ............................................................................. .
14-Who is the administrative manager ?
-Mr. Adams is ............................................................................ .
15-Who is London manager ?
-Mr. George is ............................................................................ .
16-Who is Paris managing director ?
-Mr. Miller is ................................................................................... .
17-Who is Oslo Branch manager ?
-Dr. Eric is ......................................................................................... .
18-What is the total freight ( cargo ? )
-It is .............................................................................. tons .
19-What do you want me to send you in the fax ?
- Your phone number please.
20-I would like to notify our office about the coming of
(10) trucks to the Customs Office and about
their unloading here. Do you mind that?
- ..
21-What are the customs requirements ?
-They are :
(a) specification
(b) . from the customs office
22-What are the requirements of unloading ?
-They are :
(a) complete papers .
(b) presence of the company . .
23-When will the new work start ?
-The new work will start .
24-I received the sum of (
) dollars , dinars , Euro .
25-In testimony whereof , signature was put , wasnt it?
- ........................................................................................................... .
26-What time is it ?
-It is ............................................................................................. .
27-Please put the money in the safe .
-Put the files in the . .
28-How does Mr. Arthur travel to Italy ?
-Mr. Arthur travels to Italy by ........................................ .

-Mr. Arthur travels to Italy by ........................................ .


-Mr. Arthur travels to Italy by .............................................. .
29-How many trucks enter this garage everyday ?
-Twenty ....................................... enter this garage everyday ?
30-Who telephoned me from Germany ?
- ............................................ telephoned you from Germany .
- ..................................... telephoned you from Germany .
- ............................. telephoned you from Germany .
31-When will Mr. Jack arrive ?
-Mr. Jack will arrive ............................................. (Choose):a. in 2008
b. at eight a.m.
c. during the day
32-How much crude oil will you import ?
-I dont know . Mr. Martin .. .
33-Does the Understanding Memorandum include importing soap, rice
and foodstuffs?
- .
.

Exercise (4) : Answer these questions or complete the


following :1-Are you ready for the interview ?
- .......................................................................................................... .
2-What kind of job do you want ?
-I want ............................................................................................... .
3-Do you want to work as a storekeeper ?
- .......................................................................................................... .
4-What is your present business ?
-My present business is .................................................................... .
5-Do you speak English properly ?
- ........................................................................................................... .
6-Are you married or single ?
- I am .................................................................................................. .
7-Why do people want to work for the U.N. ?
-People want to work for the U.N. in order
to ................................................................................................. .
8-Can you drive a car ?
- ........................................................................................................ .
9-What is your telephone number ?
-My telephone number is ................................................................. .
10-What is your native language ?
-My native language is ..................................................................... .
11-(Two plus five is .............. ) (Nine minus three is .....................)
(14 X 1 = ............................) (Eight divided by two is ....)
12-What degree do you hold ?
-I hold ..................................................................................... degree.

13-Do you know where the customhouse is ?


- ........................................................................................................... .
14-There is the customs officer , isnt he ?
- ......................................................................................................... .
15-Do you have anything to declare ?
-Yes, I do. I have a bottle of perfume, a gold watch , 200
cigarettes , ....................... , ......................... and .......................... .
16-What is a rear-mirror used for ?
-A rear-mirror is used for seeing what is
behind ............................................................................ .
17-Choose the right preposition :
a) I get up ................... six oclock in the morning .
a. in
b. at
c. on
b) ................... Friday I dont go to work .
a. in
b. at
c. on
c) I enjoy walking ............... the evening .
a. in
b. at
c. on
d) We always go to office ................. car .
a. by
b. at
c. on
e) I am good ............. mathematics .
a. in
b. at
c. on
18-What does your company import from Hungary ?
-Our company imports a lot of things from Hungary such as
: ......................... , .., and
19- Give the Arabic meaning of the following words :1-porter
2-vehicle
3-lorry
4-trailer
5-canteen
6-technician
7-supervisor
8-superintendent
9-clerk
10-store

11-loading
12-unloading
13-today is off
14-register
15-employee
16-employer
17-pay sheet
18-visitor
19-salary
20-wage

21-fit
22-Hi = Hello
23-get in
24-get out
25-sit down
26-petition
27-customs
28-goods
29-currency
30-interview

Exercise (5) : Answer these questions or complete the


following :1-Where and when were you born ?
-I was born in ................................................. on

/19

2-What are you?


-I am a .................................................................................... .
3-How old are you?
-I am ............................................................................. years old.
4-Is your father Iraqi or foreigner?
-My father is ............................................................................... .
5-Where are you from?
-I am from ..................................................................................... .
6-How many languages do you speak?
-I speak .......................................................................... .
7-How many foreign languages do you speak?
-I speak ....................................................................................... .
8-When must you see the doctor?
-I must see the doctor when ........................................................ .
9-Why do you go to the railway station?
-I go to the railway station to ........................................................ .
10-Why do you go to the bus station?
-I go to the bus station to .................................................................... .
11-Why do you go to the airport?
-I go to the airport to ........................................................................ .
12-Do you deal with the internet?
- .............................................................................................. .
13-How are you today?
-I am ..................................................................................... today.
14-What is your e-mail number?
-My e-mail number is ..................................................................... .
15-Do you enjoy chatting?
- ......................................................................................... .
16-What is your mobile number?
- My mobile number is ................................................................. .
17-What is your favorite cold drink ?
- ......................................................................... .
18-How many days are there in a week?
-There are .................................................................... days in a week.
19-What do you see with?
-I see with my .......................................................................... .
20-What do you hear with?
-I hear with my ..................................................................... .
21-What do you taste with?
-I taste with my ................................................................... .
22-What do you smell with?
-I smell with my ..................................................................... .
23-How many days does September have?
-September has .......................................................................... days.

24-Has May thirty or thirty one days?


-May has ................................................................................... days.
25-What does your country export?
-My country exports ........................................ , ..................................
and .......................... .
26-When do people wear thin clothes?
-People wear thin clothes .............................................................. .
27-Who brings letters to our houses?
-A ....................................................... brings letters to our houses.
28-What makes roads wet in winter?
-The .................................................. makes roads wet in winter.
29-How often do you brush your teeth a day?
-I brush my teeth .............................................................................. .
30-Do you speak English?
- ....................................................................................................... .
31-Have you ever been abroad ?
- ........................................................................................................ .
32-Can you drive a car?
- ........................................................................................................... .
33-Will you travel abroad when you have a spare time?
- ........................................................................................................... .
34-Does your country export maize?
- ........................................................................................................... .
35-When do you have your hair cut?
-I have my hair cut .............................................................................. .
36-Do you enjoy traveling by subway (underground, metro)?
- ........................................................................................................... .
37-Why do people go to zoo?
-People go to zoo .......................................................................... .
38-Do you smoke?
-............................................................................................................ .
39-Do you have a bank account?
- ........................................................................................................... .
40-What is your bank number?
-My bank number is ........................................................................... .
41-How often do you go to cinema?
-I go to cinema .................................................................................. .
42-Where must you go if you want to buy a book?
-If I want to buy a book, I must go to ................................................ .
43-Where must you go if you want to borrow a book?
-If I want to borrow a book, I must go to .......................................... .
44-Why do we wear thick clothes in winter?
-We wear thick clothes in winter because ......................................... .
45-Why do we wear thin clothes in summer?

-We wear thin clothes in summer because ......................................... .


46-Is it easy or difficult to use a computer?
-It is ................................................ to use a computer.
47-Why do people reserve a ticket for the airplane in advance ?
-People reserve a ticket for the airplane in advance so as
to ................................................................................................ .
48-Which is better carrying traveler's checks or cash money?
-Carrying ............................................................................ is better.
49-Why do people put their money in banks?
-People put their money in banks so as to.......................................... .
50-What do you do at a post office?
-I .............................................................................. at a post office.
51-Have you ever driven a motorcycle?
- .......................................................................................................... .
52-When you feel hungry, where do you go?
-When I feel hungry, I go to .............................................................. .
53-When you feel thirsty, what do you do?
-When I feel thirsty, I ......................................................................... .
54-Why is a passport necessary?
-A passport is necessary because ........................................................ .
55-When you have a toothache, where do you go?
-When I have a toothache, I go to ....................................................... .
56-What do you say when you first meet a foreigner ?
-When I first meet a foreigner, I say, ................................................
57-What is the importance of a driving license?
-The importance of a driving license is .............................................. .
58-What can you see in a commercial exhibition?
-I can see ................................................ in a commercial exhibition.
59-Are you a member of a Chamber of Commerce ?
- ........................................................................................................... .
60-Is it necessary for every merchant to know a foreign language?
-............................................................................................................ .
61-What kind of commodities does your country need?
-My country needs commodities such as ............................................ .
62-Have you ever had any trouble with your passport?
- ........................................................................................................... .
63-How many years are there in a century?
-There are .............................................................. years in a century.
64-Which country is very famous for technology?
-............................................................ is very famous for technology.
65-Is Turkey a good inlet for importing goods as for Iraq?
-......................................................................................................... .
66-What does Japan import from Saudi Arabia?
- Japan imports ...................................................... from Saudi Arabia.

67-At what time do you have your breakfast ?


-I have my breakfast at ...................................................................... .
68-At what time do you have your lunch ?
-I have my lunch at ............................................................................ .
69-At what time do you have your supper (dinner) ?
-I have my supper (dinner) at ........................................................... .
70-Are you interested in dancing ?
- ........................................................................................................ .
71-Do you always renew your Chamber of Commerce I.D. card in time?
- ......................................................................................................... .
72-Which is higher in price a Euro or a Dollar?
-........................................................................................ is higher.

Exercise (6) : Fill in the blanks , answer these questions or


complete the following :1-First name : ...........................................................................
Middle name : ........................................................................
Surname / : .....................................................................
Nickname : ..................................................................................
Sex : ............................................................ .
Maiden name : ................................................
Sect : ............................................................................
Nationalism : ..................................................................
2-Age : (Month , Day , Year ) ........../.........../.................
Place of birth : ........................................................... .
Date of birth ................................................... .
3-Nationality : .....................................................
Religion : ..........................................................
Blood group : ..............................................
4-Marital Status : ................................................................
Number of children : ..........................................................
5-Your present job : .............................................
Your previous job : ..................................................
6-Your passport number : ........................................
Issued in : ............................. On : ........./...../.............
7-Your identity card # : .............................................
Issued in : .......................... On : ....../.../.........
8-Nationality certificate # : .......................................
Issued in : ....................... On : ...../...../...........
9-Is your father dead or alive ? ................................................

Is your mother dead or alive? ............................................................


10-Number of brothers : .........................................................
Number of sisters : ............................................................
11-Number of uncles : ............................
Number of aunts : ................................
12-Number of cousins : .......................................
Number of males : ................................................................
Number of females : ..............................................................
13-a) Finished secondary school in year : ........................................
b) Finished undergraduate study in year ........................
14-Type of university degree : ........................................
Name of university : ........................................................................
15-Address at home : ...................................................................
16-Permanent address : ....................................................................
17-Address abroad : .................................................................
18-Telephone number at home : .............................................................
Telephone number abroad : .................................................................
19-What is your balance in the bank in US $ ? ..
20-You belong to the ................ sect , dont you ? ........................
21-Are you applying for a permanent
residence abroad ?
-..................................................................................................... .
22-Which province do you like to live in abroad ?
It is ................................................................................................. .
23-Which city do you like to work in abroad ?
I like to work in ............................................................................
24-What do you know about Canada ?
-....................................................................................................... .
25-Do you like parties ? Why ?
-.................................................................................................. .
26-Do you smoke ? Why ?
-..................................................................................................... .
27-How often do you drink wine a week ?
-..................................................................................................... .
28-How often do you drink beer a month ?
-....................................................................................................... .
29-How often do you go to cinema ?

-....................................................................................................... .
30-Do you enjoy dancing ?
-....................................................................................................... .
31-When do you go to theatre ?
-....................................................................................................... .
32-What are your hobbies ?
-....................................................................................................... .
33-Are you interested in magazines ?
-....................................................................................................... .
34-Do you enjoy cooking or does someone cook
it for you ?
-....................................................................................................... .
35-Do you like to go swimming on the beach ?
-....................................................................................................... .

Exercise (7) : Fill in the blanks , answer these questions or


complete the following :1-Do you like to eat ham ?
-....................................................................................................... .
2-How will you travel abroad ?
-....................................................................................................... .
3-Do you have a driving permit ( license ?)
-....................................................................................................... .
4-Can you drive a car ?
-....................................................................................................... .
5-When were you married ?
-....................................................................................................... .
6-Are you in good harmony with your neighbors ?
-....................................................................................................... .
7-How long have you been studying English ?
-....................................................................................................... .
8-Whats your favorite aim in life ?
-....................................................................................................... .
9-What do you want to be in the future ?
-....................................................................................................... .
10-Do you know how to use the computer ?
-....................................................................................................... .
11-What is your job title ?
-....................................................................................................... .

12-What do you intend to work at any corporation ?


-....................................................................................................... .
13-How much salary ( wage ) do you
expect to get from the company in $ US ?
-....................................................................................................... .
14-How many employees does your employer want to
employ ?
-....................................................................................................... .
15-Do you have a legalized contract ?
-....................................................................................................... .
16-How much is your net income and how much is
your gross income?
-....................................................................................................... .
17-Do you like a full-time job or a part-time job ?
-....................................................................................................... .
18-What kind of business do you exercise now ?
-....................................................................................................... .
19-What will you do if your contract is over ?
-....................................................................................................... .
20-Can you import anything from Hong Kong ?
-....................................................................................................... .
21-Iraq exports ......................... , ......................... ,
.......................... and .......................... .
22-Iraq imports ..................... , ...................... ,
................ and ........ .
23-Do you have a membership of any sports club ?
-....................................................................................................... .
24- Why do goods go through the customs offices ?
-....................................................................................................... .
25-Is there a duty free market at an international airport ?
-....................................................................................................... .
26-How do merchants transfer their money abroad ?
-....................................................................................................... .
27-Why does an agent take commission ?
-....................................................................................................... .
28-Does a bank give a rate of interest for the current
account or for the deposit (savings) account ?
-....................................................................................................... .

29-What do you need if you want to withdraw money from a bank ?


-....................................................................................................... .
30-Which is better to carry cash money or travelers checks ?
-....................................................................................................... .
31-How does a wholesaler sell commodities and
how does the retailer sell them ?
-....................................................................................................... .
32-What do merchants store in their warehouses , ?
-Merchants store .............................. in their warehouses.
33-What time is it now ?
-It is ................................................................................... .
34-What do subways (metros, undergrounds) do to passengers ?
-Subways (metros, undergrounds) transport ...................................
35-The secretary works in the secretariat , doesnt she ?
-............................................................................................. .

Questions and answers about cars :


1-What is a seat belt used for ?
-It is used for the safety of the driver and the passenger .
2-What do you do if there is a puncture in the left-side tire ?
-I replace it with the spare one .
3-When do you use a full light ?
-I use a full light when there is no vehicle ahead on a road
outside the city.
4-Do you use the gear when the car is parking ?
-No , I dont .
5-If the car does not work , what do you check ?
-First I check the heads of the battery . Then I check the
wires . At last I check the fuses .
6-Is the reverse mirror necessary ? Why ?
-Yes, it is , because the driver can see what is
behind his vehicle .
7-Which is faster a four-cylinder car or a six-cylinder car ?
-A six-cylinder car is faster .
8-Does each car have a bonnet ( ? US hood)
-Of course it is.
9-What do you put in the boot ( ? US trunk)
-I put a fire extinguisher , a jack ,a spare part
wheel and my luggage .
10-What does the bumper make ?
-It makes shocks less .

Learn the meaning of the following words :1-exhaust-pipe = silencer



2-hubcap

21-rear window

22-roof-rack

3-indicator light (US turn signal)



4-number-plate (US license plate)

5-rear light (US taillight)

6-tyre (US tire)
7-wing (US fender)
8-wing mirror (US side mirror)

9-accelerator pedal(US gas pedal)

10-brake pedal

23-petrol tank
24-sidelight (US parking light)

25-windscreen wiper

26-choke
)
(
27-clutch pedal

28-dashboard / fascia

29-door handle

30-gear-lever (US gearshift)



11-glove compartment
31-dip-stick

12-hand-brake
32-air filter

13-head-rest
33-axle
14-heater
34-brake-drum
15-horn
35-carburetor (US carburetor)

16-ignition switch
36-chassis

17-rear-view mirror
37-clutch
) )
18-speedometer
38-radiator :

19-steering wheel
39-differential gear
)(
20-petrol tank (US gas tank)
40-dynamo

( ) ( )

Question (9)

Answer these questions :-

1-Do you have an international license (permit ? )


- .. .
2-What kind of fuel do you use in your car ?
- .. .
3-What is the name of the place in which your car is checked and
maintained ?
- .. .
4-Who repairs your car ?
- .. .
5-How long have you been driving a car?
- .. .
6-Where do you buy petrol?
- .. .
7-If you have a puncture in one of your tires, where do you mend it?
- .. .
8-If the road is sloppy, how do you park your car?

- .. .
9-What is the meaning of (a driving license)?
- .. .
10-Is your driving permit valid ?
- .. .
11-Why do you go to the workshop ?
- .. .
12-What can a fitter do?
- .. .
13-What is a car electrician in charge of ?
- .. .

Exercise (10)

Answer these questions :-

1-Are you married or bachelor ?


- .. .
2-Where are you traveling ?
- .. .
3-Are you traveling by airplane , ship , bus or train ?
- .. .
4-How much does it cost from Dubai to China by sea ?
- .. .
5-Was your trip to Qatar comfortable ?
- .. .
6-What is the telephone code number of your country ?
- .. .
7- What is the telephone code number of UAE ?
- .. .
8-Hello . Is Mr. Brown there ?
- .. .
a)When will he come back ?
- .. .
b)Can I leave a message for him ?
- .. .
c)His line is engaged now . Can you call him later ?
- .. .
9-Can I reserve a single room in your hotel for two nights ?
- .. .
a)How much is the single room and the double room ?
- .. .
b)How much is it a night with breakfast ?
- .. .
c)How much is it a night with full board ?
- .. .
d)Does it have a bath or a shower ?
- .. .
10-Are the hotel guests foreigners or Iraqis ?
- .. .
11-Is there a lift in this hotel ?
- .. .

12-Where is the restaurant , please ?


- .. .
13-I want to cash this travelers check . Is the bank open ?
- .. .
14-How is the weather today ? (Choose):it sunny , windy , cold, hot or moderate ?
- .. .
15-Is there a form to fill in ?
- .. .
16-Where is the customs office , please ?
- .. .
17-Do you have anything to declare ?
\I have 200 cigarettes , a bottle of perfume and my
personal camera .

Is

18- Is there any duty on them ?


- .. .
19-Is smoking allowed here or is it forbidden ?
- .. .
20-Where is the waiting room ? Where is the luggage room ?
- .. .
21-Is there any time table for the train ? Where is
reservation office ?
- .. .
22-Have you got your tickets ? The ticket tester is coming ?
- .. .
23-Where is the railway station , please ?
- .. .
24-How do you want your ticket : one way or round trip ?
- .. .
25-Is it a direct way from Kuwait to Thailand ?
- .. .
26-What are there in your suitcase ?
-There are two suits , one over coat , three shirts
, one T-shirt , four ties , six pairs of
socks , one belt , one hair brush , one toothpaste , one small knife , one towel , three
handkerchiefs , a mirror and a razor .
27-What is your business ?
- .. .
28- Do you wish to visit Canada ?
- .. .
29-What are you allowed to import from Greece?
- .. .
30-What time is it now ?
- .. .
31-Do you enjoy traveling during the day or at night ?
- .. .

32-Do you carry your luggage or does a porter carry


it ?
- .. .
33-At what time should I be at the airport ? At what
time will the airplane leave ?
- .. .
34-Excuse me . Can you tell me the way to the market ?
- .. .
35-Excuse me . How can I get upstairs ?
- .. .
36-Is the cafeteria small or large ?
- .. .

Pronouns
Subject Pronouns
I
we
you
you
he
she
it
they

Object Pronouns

me
us
you
you

him

her

it

them
nd
2 Possessive Pronouns

mine
ours
yours
yours
his
hers
its
theirs

Possessive
Pronouns
my


our
your

your

his

her

its

their
Reflexive Pronouns

myself



ourselves

yourself

yourselves
himself

herself

itself
themselves

Exercise (11) Fill in the blanks with suitable pronouns :1-This is my passport . It is . .
a. I
b. me
c. my
d. mine
2-These are Toms suitcases . They are . .
a. he
b. him
c. his
d. our
3-This skirt belongs to Helen. Its . .
a. hers
b. she
c. her
d. him
4-I went to our club . It is . .
a. ours
b. our
c. we
d. us
5-The food belongs to the dog. It is . .
a. it
b. its
c. they
d. her
6-Your balls are here. Theyre . .
a. you
b. your
c. yours
d. they
7-Whose bags are these? Theyre. .

a. they
b. them
c. their
d. theirs
8-Please look at . .
a. I
b. me
c. my
d. mine
9-The neighbors always help . .
a. we
b. us
c. our
d. ours
10-We shall go with . to cinema.
a. you
b. your
c. yours
d. our
11-The children always call . dad.
a. he
b. him
c. his
d. I
12-I like . very much indeed.
a. she
b. hers
c. her
d. they
13-The man is feeding .very well.
a. its
b. it
c. she
d. he
14-Close our books. Close . , please.
a. we
b. us
c. our
d. ours
15-I am happy. . am optimistic , too.
a. I
b. Me
c. My
d. Mine
16-He is sad. . is pessimistic , too.
a. Him
b. His
c. He
d. They
17-She is poor. . is ill, too.
a. Hers
b. Her
c. She
d. It
18-The man is fat, so is . .
a. I
b. they
c. we
d. she
19-The cats are thirsty. So is . .
a. it
b. they
c. we
d. you
20-Martin is a doctor. Hes . friend.
a. I
b. my
c. mine
d. me
21-This is Mrs. Sam. She is . mother.
a. our
b. ours
c. we
d. us
22-Where is . umbrella?
a. you
b. yours
c. mine
d. your
23- . father is an architect .
a. He
b. Him
c. Hers
d. His
24-Ann is an orphan . . father is dead.
a. His
b. My
c. Your
d. Her
25-The bird is ill. . wing is hurt .
a. It
b. Its
c. Its
d. He
26-. uncle is absent . Hes abroad .
a. Their
b. They
c. Them
d. Theirs
27-Ive got a baby. How old is . ?
a. his
b. hers
c. he
d. them
28-Helen is tall, but . brother isnt.
a. he
b. she
c. hers
d. her
29-Tom succeeded in the quiz , but . friends failed.
a. he
b. him
c. his
d. I
30-Is that . father? No, hes my grandfather.
a. I
b. mine
c. your
d. yours
31-Excuse me , how old are . ? Im 17 years old.

a. your
b. yours
c. I
32-My wife and . live in Canada.
a. him
b. I
c. her

d. you
d. them

Clothes women and girls


A) Translate the answers of these questions into Arabic :1-Who is wearing a dressing gown?
-A woman is wearing a dressing gown. /gaun/
2-Is the belt on the dressing gown or under it?
-The belt is on the dressing gown.
3-How many pairs of pants can you see?
-I can see one pair of pants.
4-What color are the tights?
-The tights are black color.
5-Who is wearing a shawl?
-A girl is wearing a shawl.
6-Is the girls nightdress (nightgown) red, white or black?
-The girls nightdress (nightgown) is white.
7-Is the girls slipper old or new?
-The girls slipper is new.
8-Where is the ring?
-The ring is on the womans finger.
9-Around which hand is the bracelet?
-The bracelet is around the right hand.
10-How many ear-rings can a woman put on her ears?
-A woman can put two ear-rings on her ears.
11-Where is the necklace ?
-The necklace is round the womans neck .
12-What is a nail-file used for?
-A nail-file is used for making rough nails smooth.
13-Is the compact powder open or closed?
-The compact powder is open.
14-Where is the mascara?
-The mascara is on the table.
15-Is the nail-varnish /va:niS/ open or closed?
-The nail-varnish is closed.
16-Do you use a scent perfume?
-Yes, I do. Or -No, I dont.
17-How many colors does an eye shadow have?
-An eye shadow has a lot of colors.
18-What is a face-cream used for?
-A face-cream is used for the face.
19-Is the lipstick open or closed?
-The lipstick is open.
20-Is the carpet square or oblong
-It is oblong.
21-Is there any open drawer?
-No, there isnt.

B) Give the Arabic meaning of the following :(1) a pair of ear-rings


(2) a pair of socks
(3) a pair of shoes
(4) a pair of gloves
(5) a pair of tights
(6) a pair of scissors
(7) a table lamp

(8) hair
(9) drawer
(10) mirror
(11) wall
(12) floor
(13) lip
(14) finger

(15) bear
(16) stool
(17) hand
(18) head
(19) arm
(20) carpet
(21) drawer

C) Choose the correct choice (a, b, c or d) to complete the meaning :1-The woman is wearing her dressing gown because she is at .
a. office
b. hospital
c. home
d. theatre
2-A belt can be used by both a man and a.
a. bird
b. fish
c. ant
d. woman
3-In Britain the word (pants) has another meaning which is .
a. under pants b. underground
c. underneath
d. understand
4-A pair of tights is a piece of . clothing worn by a woman.
a. thick
b. thin
c. long
d. short
5-A shawl is a large piece of cloth that is worn by a.round the head.
a. women
b. woman
c. man
d. fireman
6-A nightdress is a loose dress that a girl or woman wears in .
a. school
b. court
c. bed
d. cinema
7-A pair of slippers is a light pair of shoes that is worn at .
a. party
b. office
c. interview
d. home
8-Both men and women can put rings on their .
a. toes
b. fingers
c. hands
d. legs

Exercise (12)Fill in the blanks , answer , complete or


choose the correct choice in the following :
1-What is your business?
-I am ..
2-How do you go to your business?
-I go to my business ..
3-Why do you study English?
-I study English in order to ...
4-Where are vehicles kept ?
- Vehicles are kept .............................................
5-Has your passport been stamped by the police?
-Yes, it ...........................
-No, it ................................
6-Excuse me, can you help me change this banknote into US dollars?
-Yes, I ............................
-No, I .................................
7-Excuse me, can you tell me the time?
-It is ....................................

Exercise (13) Give the Arabic meaning to these words :1-airport


2-suitcase
3-immigration

11-reservation
12-passport
13-valid

21-by air
22-reserve
23-customs

4-luggage
5-airplane
6-land
7-check in
8-steward
9-pilot
10-officer

14-check out
15-ticket
16-stewardess
17-passenger
18-trip
19-visa
20-seat belt

24-porter
25-take off
26-cafeteria
27-inspection
28-duty-free markets
29-log in
30-log out

Exercise (14) Translate the following sentences into Arabic :1-An airport is a place where travelers come to take an airplane and
travel abroad.
- . .
2-A steward is a man who serves passengers in an airplane.
- . .
3-Every traveler should have a ticket when taking an airplane.
- . .
4-The tourist always enjoys traveling abroad by air.
- . .
5-If you travel abroad, you must take a suitcase with you.
- . .
6-The pilot of our plane is very young.
- . .
7-When the airplane takes off, the stewardess gives out refreshments.
- . .
8-Before traveling abroad, you must reserve your ticket.
- . .
9-The immigration officer is responsible for passports.
- . .
10-The customs officer is responsible for passengers effects.

Read these telephone numbers :1-Excuse me, whats your phone number? 551 0773
Double five one oh double seven three.
Double five one oh double seven three?
Yes, thats right.
Thanks.
2-Excuse me, whats your phone number? 831 5761
3-Excuse me, whats your phone number? 235 1544
4-Excuse me, whats your phone number? 473 2121
Sorry, wrong number.

Listen to these conversations and study them . Then make


similar conversations and practice them with a partner :
1-Helen
Mary
Helen
Mary

Hello. Oxford 49382.


Hello. Could I speak to Helen, please?
Speaking. Who is that?
This is Mary.

Helen
Mary
2-Ann
Jack
Ann
Jack
Ann
Jack
Ann
Jack
Ann

Oh, hello, Mary. How are you?


Fine, thanks. Listen Helen, I got a surprise for you.
Hello.
Hello. Can I speak to Jill, please?
One moment, please ........... Im sorry. Shes not here.
Can I take a message?
Pardon?
Can I take a message?
Yes. Could you tell her Jack called?
Yes, of course.
Thanks very much. Goodbye.
You're welcome. Goodbye.

Choose the right word a, b, c or d to complete the meaning :1-When David is hungry, he goes to a ...........
a. school
b. supermarket
c. restaurant
2-When Sid is thirsty, he drinks a glass of ...........
a. water
b. ice cream
c. eggs
3-When Arthur is bored, he goes to ...........
a. laboratory
b. market
c. cinema
4-When Fred is hot, he goes to the ...........
a. swimming
b. library
c. theatre
pool
5-When the worker is dirty, he has a ...........
a. kitchen
b. bed room
c. garden
6-When Lucy is happy, she ...........
a. cries
b. weeps
c. sings
7-When Oliver is unhappy, he goes to ...........
a. bed
b. dentist
c. laundry
8-If somebody drives a car, he is a ...........
a. mechanic
b. fitter
c. electrician
9-Those men who act on stage are known as ...........
a. actions
b. actresses
c. actors
10-Passengers are known as ...........
a. cyclists
b. motorists
c. travelers

d. cinema
d. oranges
d. hospital
d. stadium

d. bath
d. sleeps
d. TV
d. driver
d. acts
d. engineers

Part Three
Match the words in list (A) with those from list (B) to complete
meaning : List ( A)
1-What is your name?
2-How old are you?
3-Where do you live?
4-Why do you study English?
5-Who is that woman?

List ( B)
a-To go to England.
b-Mrs. Brown.
c-Arthur Smith.
d-32 years old.
e-In Belgium .

6-How deep is this well?


7-How often do you go to cinema?
8-How wide is this wall?
9-How much is this suitcase?
10-How many brothers do you have?
11-Indira
(First name)

a-Twice a week.
b-Six meters deep.
c-70 centimeters wide.
d-Two.
e-$ 21.00.
a-Fonda.
(Surname)

12-Brigitte
b-Onassis.
13-Jean
c-Bardot.
14-Jacqueline
d-Shakespeare.
15-William
e-Ghandi.
16-Dr. Thomas works at hospital. He a-electricians.
is a ..................... .
17-Im an engineer. I work at
b-dentist.
a ....................... .
18-Toms a photographer. He works c-workshop.
in a ..................... .
19-The ................. treats peoples
d-studio.
teeth. He has a beautiful clinic.
20-They deal with wires and cables. e-physician.
They are ...... .
21-Bob is from England. He
a-Italian.
is ............ .
22-Erik is from Germany. He
b-English.
is .......... .
23-This girl is from the United
c-German.
States. Shes ................ .
24-That tourist is from Italy.
d-American.
Hes ....................... .
25-This car was made in Japan.
e-Japanese.
It is a ................. car
26-Goodbye and good luck.
a-Good morning.
27-Hello.
b-Certainly.
28-Thank you very much.
c-Hello.
29-Could you shut the door, please? d-Not at all.
30-Good morning.
e-Thank you. Goodbye.
31-A man who is not married
a-widower.
is .......... .
32-A girl who is not married
b-widow.
is ........... .
33-A husband and wife
c-virgin or spinster.
are ................ .
34-A husband whose wife is dead
d-bachelor.
is .................... .
35-A wife whose husband is dead
e-married people, spouses.
is ................... .
36-Mr. Brown is my uncle. I am
a-daughter.

his ................... .
37-Mrs. Eric is my mother. Im
her .................... .
38-Tom is Mr. Pats son. Mr. Pat is
Toms .................... .
39-Judy is Anns mother. Ann is
Judys .................... .
40-Mrs. Sam is married to Mr. Sam.
Mr. Sam is Mrs.
Sams .................... .
41-Wheres Canberra? Its
in ......................... .
42-Wheres Edinburgh? Its
in ......................... .
43-Wheres Montreal? Its
in ........................ .
44-Wheres Stockholm? Its
in ....................... .
45-Wheres Athens? Its
in ....................... .
46-It is 5:00
47-It is 9:30
48-It is 3:15
49-It is 5:33
50-It is 8:45
51-A place where we cook our food
is a ...................... .
52-A place where we sleep is
a ........... .
53-A place where we meet our
guests is a .................... .
54-A place where we take a shower
is a ....................... .
55-A place where we wash our faces
a ....................... .

b-husband.
c-nephew.
d-son.
e-father.
a-Sweden.
b-Greece.
c-Australia.
d-Scotland.
e-Canada.
a-Its a quarter past three.
b-Its five oclock.
c-Its twenty seven to six.
d-Its half past nine.
e-Its a quarter to nine.
a-bed room.
b-kitchen.
c-bath room.
d-toilet.
e-living room.

Exercise (13): Give the meaning of the following commands and


fill in the blank spaces with the missing words :1-Show me your passport.
-This is my passport.
2-Show me your visa.
-This is my visa.
3-Show me your ticket.
-This is my .................. .
4-Show me your license.
-This is ............. driving license.
5-Show me your photograph.

-Its mine.
-Its ..................... .
-Its mine.
-Its mine.

- ................... my photograph.

-Its mine

Exercise (14) :Change the following words into plural :Singular


1-door

2-chair

3-blackboard

4-desk

Plural

Singular
11-window
12-table
13-ruler

Plural

14-telephone

15-dish

16-child

17-deer

18-fish
19-loaf
20-spoon

5-church
6-glass

7-foot

8-class
9-wife

10-branch

Exercise (15) :Give the opposite of the following words :Word


1-big

2-long

3-high
4-here
5-clean

6-sharp

7-easy

8-light

9-cheap
10-safe

Opposite

Word
Opposite
11-good
12-new

13-narrow
14-this
15-boy

16-sick
17-import
18-begin

19-rich

20-modren

Exercise(16): Give the Arabic meaning of the following colors :Color


1-red
2-green
3-orange
4-black
5-white

Meaning

Color
6-yellow
7-blue
8-brown
9-grey

Meaning

Exercise(17): Learn the following words and their Arabic


meaning :words
1- door
2- (door-)
knocker
3-(door-) bell

Arabic meaning
words
16- stair
17- staircase

18- banister

Arabic meaning


4- doorstep
5-letter-box
6- keyhole
7- lock and chain
8- bolt

9- hinge
10- (door) mat

( )

11- floor
12- rug
13- (coat) rack

14- peg
15- key

19- handrail
20- upstairs
21- downstairs
22- light
23- (light-)
switch
24- clock
25- telephone /
phone
26- receiver
27- dial
28- cord / flex

29- (tele) phone


directory / book



( )



Exercise (18)
Give the Arabic meaning of the following words :Word
1-door
2-(door-)
knocker
3-(door-) bell
4-doorstep
5-letter-box
6-keyhole
7-lock and chain
8-bolt
9-hinge

Meaning

Word
10-(door) mat
11-floor

Meaning

12-rug
13-(coat) rack
14-peg
15-key
16-stair
17-staircase
18-banister

The Hall

1-Define a hall ?
-A hall is a large room, a passage or a building that is inside the
front entrance in meetings, concerts, dances, etc can be held.
2-Where should a door-knocker be fixed?
-It should be fixed on the door.
3-Why is the door-bell used?
-It is used to warn people inside that somebody is waiting at
the door.
4-Where is the doorstep lie ?
-It lies at the bottom of the front door.
5-What is the letter-box used for ?
-It is used for keeping letters.
6-Can you see through a keyhole ?
-Yes, I can.

7-Do you have a lock and chain in your room?


-Yes, I do.
8-What can fix a door to the frame ?
-A bolt can fix a door to the frame.
9-What is a hinge ?
-A hinge is a piece of metal that joins two sides of a
door, etc together and allows it to be opened or closed .
10-What is a door mat ?
-A door mat is a piece of carpet or other thick
material that you put on the floor .
11-A carpet can be put on the floor , cant it?
-Yes, it can.
12-What is a rug ?
-A rug is a piece of thick material that covers a small part of a
floor.
13-Where do guests usually hang their overcoats
?
-Guests usually hang their overcoats on a coat rack
.
14-What does a coat rack have?
-A coat rack has several pegs .
15-Why do you use a key?
-I use a key for locking and unlocking a door.
16-How do you go upstairs at home ?
-I go upstairs by using the stairs .
17-What does a staircase mean ?
-A staircase means a stairway .
18-What is the meaning of banisters (banisters) .
-Banisters (banisters) are rails supported by upright
bars at the side of a staircase , that you hold on
to when you are going up-or downstairs.
19-When you go upstairs, you sometimes put your hand on the handrail
, dont you?
-Yes, I do.
20-What does upstairs mean?
-It means to or on the upper floor of a building .
21-What does downstairs mean?
-It means down the stairs or on, or to the ground floor
or a lower floor.
22-When do you use a light ?
-I use a light when it is dark .
23-Why do you use a light switch ?
-I use a light switch in order to connect or disconnect
electric power .
24-Where is a clock put ?
-A clock is put on the wall .

25-If you want to make a telephone call , what do you pick up ?


-If I want to make a telephone call, I pick up the receiver (handset ).
26-What is a dial ?
-A dial is the round part with holes in it on some
telephones. It is fixed either on the receiver or
on the phone .
27-You now dial direct to New Your, dont you?
-Yes, I do.

Answer these questions :1-What business does a fireman exercise ?


-A fireman exercises the business of extinguishing a fire .
2-Why does a fireman wear a helmet ?
-A fireman wears a helmet to protect his head from fire .
3-What runs through a hose (pipe) ?
-Water runs through a hose (pipe).
4-What is a nozzle ?
-A nozzle is a narrow tube that is put on the end of a
pipe , etc to control the liquid or gas
coming out .
5-What is a hydrant ? ) )
-A hydrant is a pipe in a street from which water can be taken for
putting out fires , street-cleaning , etc .
6-When do you use a fire-extinguisher ?
-I use a fire-extinguisher when there is fire .
7-What is a fire-engine ?
-A fire-engine is a special vehicle that carries equipment
for fighting large fires.
8-What is a ladder ?
-A ladder is a piece of equipment that is used for
climbing up something . It consists of two long pieces
of wood or metal , with steps fixed between
them .
9-Does the fire-engine use the bell when it is parking or
running ?
-The fire-engine uses the bell when it is running.
10-A fire-escape is necessary during fires , isnt it ?
-Yes, it is.
11-How can you extinguish a fire ?
-I can extinguish a fire by a fire-extinguisher .
12-Is smoke good to health ?
-No, it isnt.
13-What makes a flame bright ?
-Oxygen makes a flame bright.
14-With whom does a dental nurse work?
-She works with a dentist.

15-Who sits on a dentists chair ?


-A patient suffering from a bad tooth sits on a
dentists chair.
16-A dentist treats peoples teeth , doesnt he ?
-Yes, he does.
17-Does every dentist have a drill ?
-Yes, he does.
18-Why does a dentist have a light over his head ?
-A dentist has a light over his head in order to see the patients bad
teeth and mouth.
19-Where does a patient sleep in the hospital ward ?
-A patient sleeps on a hospital bed ) ).
20-Whom should a patient see ?
-A patient should see a doctor .

Questions and answers about : (A) (THE WEATHER


)
1-What can you see during lightning ?
-I can see light during lightning.
2-In which season do we have a storm-thunder cloud
more ?
-We have a storm-thunder cloud in winter more.
3-a)Do you enjoy the rain ?
-Yes, I do.
b)What is the rain ?
-The rain is water falling drops from the clouds .
4-When can you see water drops ?
-I can see water drops when it is raining.
5-Does it snow in summer ? Why ?
-No, it doesnt, because it is very hot.
6-Is it easy or difficult to make a snowball ?
-It is easy to make a snowball.
7-What is a snowman ? Can you make a
snowman ? How ?
-A snowman is a made of snow . Yes, I can by hand .
8-When do we see an icicle ? Is it natural or
unnatural ?
-An icicle is a pointed stick of ice formed
when running water freezes.
9-Does it shine during the night or the day ?
-It shines during the day.
10-What is the color of the sky ?
-The color of the sky is blue .
(B) (IN THE GARDEN )
11-Where can you see trees ?

-I can see trees in the garden .


12-Does every tree have a trunk ? ) )
-Yes, it does.
13-Can birds stand on the branch of the tree ?
-Yes, they can.
14-Which is bigger a twig or a branch ?
-A branch is bigger.
15-What is the color of trees in spring ?
-The color of trees in spring is green .
16-Which is wider a gate or a door ?
-A gate is wider than a door.
17-Why is a hedge used ?
-A hedge is used for separating two areas .
18-Can you walk on the path ?
-Yes, I can.
19-Is a lawn beautiful ? Why ?
-Yes, it is, because it is green .
20-How does the flower smell ?
-The flower smells good .
21-Which is bigger a tree or a shrub bush ?
-A tree is bigger than a shrub bush.
22-What is a flower bed used for ?
-A flower bed is used for growing flowers .
23-What is a watering-can use for ?
-A watering-can is used for watering the flowers.
24-Did you see a flower-pot ? Where ?
-Yes, I did, in the garden .
25-Where can you see a garden-fork ?
-I can see a garden-fork in the garden .
26-Where is the shed built ?
-The shed it built in the garden .
27-Do you see a wheelbarrow in gardens only ?
-No, I dont.
28-Why is a wash line used ?
-A wash line is used for drying clothes and cloth .
29-Where is the washing put ?
- The washing is put on the wash line .
30-Is the clothes-peg necessary ? When ?
-Yes, it is, when the washing is on the wash line .