GRACE CHRISTIAN COLLEGE
RIzal | Shalom Elishiah Anne C. Wenceslao 2008-0020
and Jacinto Zamora. by making the Civil guards assumed he was Ibarra and make them draw conclusion that he drowned in Pasig River. that after returning from his study in Europe.. found out after his return in the Philippines that his father had died in prison as a result of a quarrel with a friar named Padre Damaso. found a boy named Basilio beside the dead body of the boy's mother. It was learned by Padre Salvi and the friar used this knowledge to intimidate and manipulate Maria Clara making Maria Clara choose to marry the Spaniard in return of saving the name and honor of her mother and Capitan Tiago's. In exchange of Ibarra. Jose Burgos. But Rizal escaped the prison and went to see Maria Clara who confesses that she was not a daughter of Capitan Tiago but of Padre Damasco. But Crisostomo Ibarra and Maria still love each other and were secretly seeing each other. Ibarra had developed a hatred with the friars. But on the day of Christmas eve. Driven by his fear of the friars. Ibarra was imprisoned when he was accused of causing an outbreak. Crisostomo . (El Filibusterismo)
. This second book of Jose Rizal's novels of the Philippine life. supposed daughter of Capitan Tiago. a recap of Noli Me Tangere is needed. (Rizal. Ibarra was warned by Elias. a friend of Ibarra and was an outlaw. and the friar relents.To better understand the El Filibusterismo. El Filibustersimo was a continuation of the first novel written by Jose Rizal entitled Noli Me Tangere. Like with the first novel. the Filipinos were urged to open its eyes to reality and rebel against the Spanish government for its oppression and abuse. whose death left a unforgettable mark in our national hero's mind. on Christmas Eve. Starting then. Maria Clara became so depressed and begged to Friar Damasco to put her in nunnery. El Filibusterismo aims to enlighten the people of the Philippines of the truth by encouraging the Filipinos to ask and aspire for change and liberation from the Spanish rule. Crisostomo Ibarra was engaged to Maria Clara. Capitan Tiago engaged Maria Clara to a Spanish with the endorsement of Father Damasco . Capitan Tiago ended the engagement of Ibarra and Maria Clara when Ibarra was excommunicated as a result of almost killing Father Damasco when the friar provoked Ibarra by insulting his dead father. not only for the reason why his innocent father landed in the prison first. but also the friars abused their power and influence. Elias. Ibarra and Elias helped bury the boy's mother. is a story of the last days of the Spanish regime in the Philippines. however with this novel. With the reported death of Crisostomo Ibarra. Ibarra managed to escape the Civil Guard with the help of his friend. 2005) Jose Rizal dedicated this book to the three martyred priests namely Mariano Gomez.
who has been warned by Basilio about the plot. The lawlessness that reigns in the country sides leads to harsh measures by the government in its efforts to show it is
. who has been released and now wants to take revenge is ordered by Simoun to lead in the uprising. barges in and throws the lamp into the river. the guests are terrified upon reading a note signed by Juan Crisostomo Ibarra. Huli is killed in the church after she had sought the help of the parish priest for the release of Basilio. who shares his aunt Dona Victorina’s prejudices against the natives. including Basilio. The uprising again fails to take off. He plotted a coup d' etat against the Spanish government with Captain General. the friar who lusted after Maria Clara. his signature is recognized by Father Salvi. Other victims of injustice had enlisted as well to the cause of Simoun including Kabesang Tales. Before the lamp could explode. Paulita. Huli. nobody intercedes for him. Basilio was about to graduate as a doctor of medicine and then marry his childhood sweetheart. Isagani. His foster father having died. her grandfather. At the appointed hour. Simoun plans another coup to be staged at the wedding reception for Paulita. the daughter of Kabesang Tales who had turned outlaw when his lands was dispossessed by the friars. The next day. joins the outlaws. Student leaders who have been advocating the opening of an academy for the teaching of the Spanish language hold a party where they lampoon the friars. Isagani. Basilio has grown up with his adoptive father. dreams of a progressive future for his country but his fiancée. one of the few who knew his secret. Meanwhile. He encourages corruption. Another student. who was the supposed father of Maria Clara.After thirteen years. the house being planted with explosives which will be detonated by a a device hidden in the lamp given as gift by Simoun to the newlyweds. Basilio. Simoun enlist Filipinos who believes in his cause and his first recruit was Basilio. Tandang Selo. and the armed followers of Simoun. using his immense wealth to stir up injustice and provoke massive unrest. who has been engaged to another man: top government officials including the Captain general who are to attend would be blown away. Embittered by Maria Clara’s death. Isagani escapes. resort to banditry. and those suspected of involvement are arrested. Crisostomo Ibarra came back as Simoun as a mysterious and powerful jeweler who was now in full revenge against the Spaniard regime in the Philippines. deprived of leadership or devoid of vision. posters are found encouraging sedition. while the rich and influential are released. is not interested in them. Due to this tragedy. Capitan Tiago. Simoun’s plot is aborted when he learns that Maria Clara had died at the convent. He secretly helped the abuses committed against the Filipinos in the hope of making them rise against the Spanish government.
Even the characters' personalities seem to have undergone radical change. (El Filibusterismo)
. he confesses to father Florentino. Something changed in Rizal. who tells him: “What is the use of independence if the slaves of today will be the tyrants of tomorrow?” After the death of Simoun. The romance and aspirations are gone. and antipathy. and extremely bitter. While Ibarra is trusting. romance. (KamaongBato)
In Noli Me Tangere. This is how different Rizal's second novel is.in control. a Filipino priest. conveys an entirely different personality in El Filibusterismo. In El Filibusterismo. Outright scorn and bitterness may already be felt at the beginning of the story. all the reader will feel is bitterness. and this is reflected in the personalities he gave his El Filibusterismo characters. the plots are poles apart. The plot at the wedding is finally traced to Simoun who escapes into a house near the ocean. hatred. and mercy. aspiring. in the hope that the people will reach the limits of their endurance and declare a revolution. Simoun is now cunningly careful in his dealings. distrusting. where Simoun promotes abuse and tyranny in the Spanish government. Simoun. After taking poison. there is aspiration. beauty. who is actually Noli's Ibarra in disguise. and loving. Father Florentino throws his treasure into the sea. Considering that both were written by the same author.
from SHVOONG: http://www.: http://es.html KamaongBato. 2012.). (n. 2012.shvoong. October 10).scribd.). The Reign of Greed. (n. Retrieved November 27.com/humanities/1745792-el-filibusterismo/ Rizal. J. (2005. 2012. Retrieved November 28.Bibliography
. El Filibusterismo.com/elfilibusterismo.tripod. from Scribd. from Carlo Joe 5: http://carlojoe5.d.d. Retrieved Novermber 28.