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mvi mvbmZf~Z Mi Ask wekl msw agvjvPbv (A Brief History Of Religions)

By Md. Mostafijur Rahman, Bangladesh.


E-mail: mostafijurrahman_2005@yahoo.com, Website: http://www.oneallah.org

bs
No

agi bvg
Name of Religion

ceZKi bvg
Name of Founder

Drcw Kvj
Development Period

Drcw j
Area of Origin

ag Mi bvg
Name of Holy Books

agv^jxi msLv
Number of Adherents

weeZbi gaviv
Evolution

mv`k
Similarities with others

gZev`
Ideology/
doctrine

mwKZvi msLv mwKZvi bvg


Number of Creator Name of Creator

agxq Drme/cv_bv
Major Religious Festival

1
1

Bmjvg ag

Is l a m

^qs Avjvn BZ iveyj Avjvgxb [nhiZ Av`g (Avt) _K nhiZ gynv` (mt) ch 1 j 24 nvRvi gZvi 2 j 24 nvRvi ciMv^ii gvag]
[Allah1 Establish Islam through 124 thousand or 224 thousand Prophets (Prophet Adam pbuh to Prophet Muhammad pbuh)]

mywi m~Pbv jM0 [At the


beginning of the creation of the Universe]0

mgM Avmgvb Ges mgxb ew


[In the Earth and the sky and the whole universe]

cwe KviAvb kixdhv gvbe mwi c~e wjwcevKvii c_g Avmgvb jvIn gvndzR msiwZ wQj|
[The Holy QURAN written by Allah at the very beginning of the creation of Human being and hosted it in the first sky Louhe Mahfuz.]

cvq 1.4 wewjqb


[Approximate 1.4 Billion]

gnvb Avjvn cvK nZ


[From Allah (swt)]

msLvMwi vb
Locations A.A

Avie, BivK, Bivb, cvwKvb, B`bwkqv, wmwiqv, WyevB, evsjv`k, cfwZ


[Arabia, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, Indonesia, Syria, Dubai, Bangladesh, etc]

Bmjvg agi mv_ Bqv`x Ges Lxvb agi wKQ~Uv wgj AvQ G A_ h Zviv GK Ckiev`x Ges bex evm~ji gvag ag cPvi wekvmx|
[Judaism and Christianity inheritance some attributes from Islam such as Unity of GOD and Prophetic theme.]

GKkiev`x
[Monotheistic]

GK
[ONE]

Avjvn
[ALLAH]

g~jg/wekvm
Principle/Believes

cavb `ywU Abyvb nj C`yj wdZi I C`yj Avh&nv| GQvovI AvQ igRvb, Aviv, jvBjvZzj K`i, wgjv`yb bex, nR BZvw`|
[Major festivals Eidul- Fitir and Eidul Adha. Beside these Ramadan, Ashurat, Laylat al-Qadr, Milad-un-Nabi, Pilgrimage to Mecca etc]

jv-Bjvnv Bjvjv gynvgv`yi ivmyjyjvn A_t Avjvn Qvov Kvb Bjvn& bB, gynv` (mt) Zuvi ivm~j|
La ilaha illallahu muhammadur rasullulla. Translation: There is Nothing Worthy of Worship except GOD, and Muhammad is His Messenger.

Mi g~j fvlv
Language

cZxK/wP
Symbol/Indication

Aviex
[Arabian]

2
2

Hinduism

wn`y ag

wbw` Ki Kviv bvg ejv nq wb| Ze 10 Rb AeZvi, 360 Rb fMevb, Ges mvo 33 KvwU `eZvi K_v DjL AvQ agM|
[Not identified any specific name of the founder of Hinduism except 10 Avatar, 360 Bhagban and 33.5 million Devotas denoted in Hindu scripture.]

2900-2500 Lxc~e2 [bex nhiZ b~n (Avt) Gi gZyi wKQzKvj ci g~wZ c~Rvi m~Pbv nq| Avi wn`y kwUi Drcw nq Lxc~e 6 mvj| ]
[2900-2500 BC, Idol worship is first introduced in the era of Noah pbuh and the word Hindu is derived from Sindhu river in 6th BC]

fviZ, (wm`y b`xi Zxi),


[India, near the river of Sindhu]

e` (FK, mvg, hhy,A_e); kxgMe` MxZv; cyivY, Dcwbl`, ivgvqb, mswnZv, gnvfviZ, kxK Kxb cfwZ|
[Veda-Rig, Sama, Joyjur, Atharva; Sree Matbhagavad Gita; Puranas; Upanishads; Samhita, Ramayana; Maha Bharata; Sree Krishna Kirtana etc]

900 wgwjqb
[900 Million]

msLvMwi vb
Locations A.A

fviZ, bcvj, kxjv, evsjv`k, wdwR, `wb-AvwdKv, c~e AvwdKv BZvw`|


[India, Nepal, Sri-Lanka, Fiji, South Africa, East Africa etc]

2900- 2500 wLc~ev bvmi bvgK wKQz ewi g~wZ Zix Kiv nq| ZLbv g~wZ jvi c~Rv Kiv nZ bv| Kvj g g~wZ mK vb weZ nj g~wZ jv c~Rvi eZ cwiYZ nq|
[From the follower of Noah pbuh, known as Nasor10]

e, Rb I wkL ag GmQ wn`y ag _K|


[Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism are the three branches of Hinduism]

e Ckiev`x
[Polytheistic]

mvo 33 KvwU
[335 Million]

fMevb
[Bhagwan]

g~wZ cyRv gnvgvqv `~Mv c~Rv, MYl cyRv, we`vi`ex ^i^ZxcyRv, jxcyRv, asmi `ex KvjxcyRv, mc`ex gbmvcyRv, MvcvjcyRv, wkecyRv, mbvmcyRv, m~hcyRv, lxcyRv, SvcoxcyRv, WvjcyRv, wke wjcyRv, Ki Rbvgx cfwZ| cZxK/wP
Symbol/Indication [Idol worship]

g~jg/wekvm
Principle/Believes

mB wekg~wZi AmsL D`i, e`b I bqb, AmsL A~Z A~Z e ZvnvZ we`gvb| Zvnv meZtc~Y meevcx Zvnvi Avw` bvB, A bvB, ga bvB|
(\ kxgMe`MxZvt kxRM`xk P` Nvl\ cvt 255)

meagvb& cwiZR gvgKs kiYs eR| Abyev`t mKj ag cwiZvM Kwiqv Zzwg GKgv AvgviB kiY jI| (m~t kxgMe`MxZv, 18 Aavq, kvK 66)
"Sharba Dharma Paritejjaya Mamekang Sharan Braja: Auhang twang Sharba-papoveya Makkhamiami Mashucha:" (Ref: Sloakas from Vagabat Gita: 18:66:)

Mi g~j fvlv
Language

msZ
[Sanskrit]

Translation: Leaving every kind of religious worshiping (i.e. idol worshiping etc.), concentrate only in my remembrance and worship me alone.

bs
No

agi bvg
Name of Religion

ceZKi bvg
Name of Founder

Drcw Kvj
Development Period

Drcw j
Area of Origin

ag Mi bvg
Name of Holy Books

agv^jxi msLv
Number of Adherents

weeZbi gaviv
Evolution

mv`k
Similarities with others

gZev`
Ideology/
doctrine

mwKZvi msLv mwKZvi bvg


Number of Creator Name of Creator

agxq Drme/cv_bv
Major Religious Festival

3
3

Judaism

B`x

Ggivb Zbq nhiZ g~mv (Avt) Rbt 1445-1405 Lxc~ev ZivZ Abymvi| gvB vmd&U GvbKvUv gZ 1270 Lxc~ev| Rbvbt wgkii Mvlb|
[Moses (pbuh), son of Amran, Between 14451405 BC in Goshen, Egypt, according to Torah & Bible. 1207 BC according to Microsoft Encarta.]

1445-1405 Lxc~evi ga|


[Between 14451405 BC]

wgkii Mvlvb knii|


[Goshen, Egypt]

ZivZ (Avw` M)
[Torah (Old Testament)]

14.1 wgwjqb
[14.1 Millions]

Mi g~j fvlv
Language

msLvMwi vb
Locations A.A

bex nhiZ g~mv (Avt) Gi Dci bvwhjKzZ ZivZ M _K|


[From the holy book (Torah) of Prophet Moses (pbuh9).]

Bmjvg Ges Lxb ag


[Islam and Christianity]

GKkiev`x
[Monotheistic]

GK
[ONE]

BqvIq, Rnvfv
[Yahweh, Jehovah]

g~jg/wekvm
Principle/Believes

wne
[Hebrew]

Rimvjg [Jerusalem]

Avjvn& g~mvK ejjbt Avwg gvey`| mekwgvb Avjvn& wnmve Avwg Bevwng, BmnvK I BqvKzeK `Lv w`Zvg, wK gvey` wnmve Avwg h wK Zv Zv`i KvQ cKvk KiZvg bv
(m~t ZivZ kixd, wnRiZ ce, 6:2-3; evsjv`k evBej mvmvBwU, XvKv)
Ex:6:2: And God spoke unto Moses, and said unto him, I am the LORD: Ex: 6:3: And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them.
(Ref: Old Testament, King Jams Version, Exodus: 6: 2-30

cvmvfvi (wgkixq`i `vmZ _K gyw D`&hvcbKvix B`x agxq Esme), B`x beel, wK~m (wekvg w`emi cv_bvLxvb`i Rb iweevi Avi B`x`i Rb kwbevi),
Passover, Sabbath2, Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year), Kiddush- (a prayer recited on the Sabbath, festivals, and the New Year.)

cZxK/wP
Symbol/Indication

4
4

Rvivvi Rbt 600 Lxc~e


[Zoroaster1 or Zarathushtra2
1. Zoroaster=Greek; 2. Zarathushtra = Avestan ]

Zoroastrianism

RvivBwbRg&

Kviv Kviv gZ 1400 _K 1200 Lxc~ev Avevi Kviv Kviv gZ 600 Lxc~ev| Ze `vkwbK gZ 600 Lxc~ev4 AwaKZi MnYhvM|
[Approximately, between 14001200 BC or 600 BC (most acceptable)]

cvim (eZgvb Bivb)


[Persia (Present Iran)]

R`-Avev
[Zand-Avesta, Written in 300 AD]

cvq 2.6 wgwjqb


[Approximate 2.6 Million]

wn`y ag >> RvivBwbRg&


[Hinduism >> Zoroastrianism]

Bmjvg, Bqv`x, Lxvb


[Islam, Judaism, Christianity]

GKkiev`x
[Monotheistic]

GK
[ONE]

Aiv-gvR&`v ev AgvRW
[AhuraMazda or Ohrmazd]

AwM c~Rv (AwM wQjb mv Aiv gvR`vi cy)


[Agni (Fire) worship: Agni (Fire) was the son of AhuraMazda]

msLvMwi vb
Locations A.A Bivb (45000), fviZ (76400), KvbvWv (20000),

g~jg/wekvm
Principle/Believes

Mi g~j fvlv
Language

Avewqvb
[Avestan]

kxjv, Bsjv, cvwKvb (2800), AvgwiKv, I Ujv (4000)


[Iran, India, Canada, SreLanka, America, Pakistan, England, Scotland etc]

Bqvmv AvevZ (Yasna Avesta) mvi cwiPq mK ejv nqQ t mv Aiv-gvR&`v (Ahura-Mazda) `xwgvb, gwngvw^Z, gnvb, mevg, AwZgbvig, `XwP, vbgq, wbfyj Ges D`vivZv| (m~t Bqvmv Avev, Abyev`t Max Mueller, ed. op. cit.
31: 195-196)

cZxK/wP
Symbol/Indication

Ahura-Mazda, the creator, radiant and glorious, the


greatest and the best, the most beautiful, the most firm, wisest, most perfect, the most bounteous spirit!
(Max Mueller, ed. op. cit. 31:195-196)

bs
No

agi bvg
Name of Religion

ceZKi bvg
Name of Founder

Drcw Kvj
Development Period

Drcw j
Area of Origin

ag Mi bvg
Name of Holy Books

agv^jxi msLv
Number of Adherents

weeZbi gaviv
Evolution

mv`k
Similarities with others

gZev`
Ideology/
doctrine

mwKZvi msLv mwKZvi bvg


Number of Creator Name of Creator

agxq Drme/cv_bv
Major Religious Festival

5
5

wjD-UzRy Rbt 570 _K 490 Lxc~ev, eZgvb Pxb|


[Lao-tzu, around 570 to 490 BC in China.]

570 Lxc~ev|
[570 BC5 approximately]

Pxb
[Chain]

UvI-U-wPs, 300 Lxc~ev wjD-UzRy KZK wjwce nq| Kviv Kviv gZ 100 Lxc~ev wjwLZ nq|
[Tao-te Ching, written by Lao-tzu around 300 BC-to 100 BC]

cvq 50 wgwjqb
[Approximate 50 Millions] Locations A.A6

e, KbwdDkwbRg
[Buddha, Confucianism]

Cki wekvmx bq
{Atheistic}

DjL bvB
[No mentioned]

DjL bvB
[No mentioned]

WvMb Dsme Ges AvURb Agi agii wZ Pvib


[Dragon, Eight Immortals, popular deities in Chinese religion.

msLvMwi vb

g~jg/wekvm
Principle/Believes

UvqvRg&

Ta o i s m

Mi g~j fvlv
Language

Pxb (nvs, Uvs, Bqvs, Ry mc`vq), Kvwiqv, wdwjcvBb, KvbvWv BZvw`


[Chain (Hun, Tang, Yuan, Zhou Dynastry), Korea, Philippines, Canada etc.]

gnvRvMwZK UvI A`k, ewai, AmsvwqZ, Ae, AeYbxq|


The cosmic Tao is invisible, inaudible, unnamable, undiscussable, inexpressible (Max Mueller, ed., Sacred Books of the East, London: Krishna Press, 1879-1910, 40:68, 69).

cZxK/wP
Symbol/Indication

PvBwbR
[Chinese]

UvI GB wekev Ges ^Mi mv Ges wZwbB mKj wKQz RbKx|


Tao is the Originator of heaven and earth; and is the Mother of all things.

6
6

wmvZ MZg ey Rb- gZzt 560480 Lxc~ev, jyw^bx, bcvj|


[Siddhartha Gautama Buddha, 560480 BC, Lumbini, Nepal ]

560-480 Lxc~ev
[560-480 BC]

jyw^bx, bcvj (c~e jyw^bx fviZi mxgvbveZx wQj)|


[Lumbini, Nepal]

wwcUK
(Tipitaka)

w= wZb, wcUK= Szwj A_vr wZbwU Szwj


[Ti means THREE and Pitaka means BASKET, so, Trip taka means Three Basket]

cvq 376 wgwjqb


[Approximate 376 Millions]

wn`y ag >> e ag
[From the polytheistic religion : Hinduism >> Buddhism]

K. wn`y ag
a. [Hinduism]

msLvMwi vb
Locations A.A

wmv_ MZg ey ejb t wfzMY ! `ytLB nj mZ| RbZ `ytL, gZzZ `ytL, evevqAmyZvq `ytL|

Mi g~j fvlv
Language

cvwj
[Pali]

bcvj, fviZ, wZeZ, Pxb, Rvcvb, kxjv _vBjv, Kvwiqv, K^vwWqv, ZvBIqvb, gjxqv BZvw`|
[Nepal, India, Tibet, China, Japan, Korea, Thailand, Taiwan, SreLanka, Korea, Mongolia, Cambodia, etc]

Buddhism

L. ey wn`y ag Rb MnY KiwQjb wVKB, wK wn`y agi eYev` I eCkiev`i Nvi weivax wQjb|
b. [The Buddha rejected priesthood, castes systems, and denied the validity of the Vedic scriptures.]
Ref: Microsoft Encarta 2004

mbvmeZ/Cki wekvmx bq
[Monastic or atheistic]

DjL bvB
[No mentioned]

DjL bvB
[No mentioned]

g~jg/wekvm
principle/Believes

e c~wYgv (wmv_ MZg eyi Rb w`b), gvNx c~wYgv, Avlvpx c~wYgv, gay c~wYgv, ceviYv c~wYgv BZvw`|
[Buddhas Birth day, Full moon of Vesakha (April/May)]

e ag

wmv_ MZg ey ejb t Kvb wKQzB Avcbv-Avcwb mw nq bv; cZKwUB c~evci Kvb Drm _K Avm|
Buddha says that, nothing exists on its own, but always has come from earlier circumstances. [Dependant Origination]

cZxK/wP
Symbol/Indication

q KwP cvY fyZw, Zmv ev _veiv ev Abemmv; `xNv ev he gnv, gvRwSgv imKv AbyK_~jv| w`U&Vv iv he Aw`UVv, h P `~i emw Awe`~i, f~Zv e memx e, me mv fe mywLZv | (g m~ ewYZ) A_t h mKj cvYx fxZ ev AfxZ, `xN, n, gag, ^ m~ A_ev ~j, `k ev A`k, hjv `~ievmx Ges hjv mgxcevmx, Avi hviv RbQ ev RbMnY Kie mB mKj cvYxmn RMZi mKj cvYx myLx nDK|

bs
No

agi bvg
Name of Religion

ceZKi bvg
Name of Founder

Drcw Kvj
Development Period

Drcw j
Area of Origin

ag Mi bvg
Name of Holy Books

agv^jxi msLv
Number of Adherents

weeZbi gaviv
Evolution

mv`k
Similarities with others

gZev`
Ideology/
doctrine

mwKZvi msLv mwKZvi bvg


Number of Creator Name of Creator

agxq Drme/cv_bv
Major Religious Festival

7
7

gnvivRv gnvexi Rbt 599 _K 527 Lxc~ev, fviZ|


[Load Mahavir, around 599 to 527 BC in India.]

527 Lxc~ev
[527 BC approximately]

fviZ
[India]

Zv_&fv_ m~
[Tattvartha Sutra]

cvq 4 wgwjqb
[Adherents around 4 (four) millions]

wn`y ag >> Rb ag
[Hinduism >> Jainism]

e ag
[Buddhism]

w-Ckiev`x
[Dualistic]

`yB
[TWO]

Awinv Ges wm
[Both Arihants and Siddhas7 are considered Gods of Jain religion]

gvnvexii g~wZ cyRv


[Idol worship for Mahavir]

`yBwU ^vi (Awinv Ges wm) APbv Ki|

Jainism

Rb ag

Mi g~j fvlv
Language

msLvMwi vb
Locations A.A

g~jg/wekvm
Principle/Believes

cZxK/wP
Symbol/Indication

msZ
[Sanskrit]

fviZ, AvgwiKv, bcvj BZvw`|


[India, America, Nepal etc.]

Awnsmv-B cig ag Ges Rxe RxeK nZv Kiv bv| Rb Kvb Cki wekvm Ki bv hw`I Rxeb Pjvi c_ bvbvb `e-`eZvi Avivabv Ki _vK|
Jainism's core belief is ahimsa, or noninjury to all living things. Jainism has no belief in a creator god, though there are a number of lesser deities for various aspects of life.

8
8

Kb&wdDk&vm& RxebKvjt 551479 Lxc~ev, Pxb|

479 Lxc~e [479


BC]

Pxb
[China]

Gvbvjm& [Analects,
Written in 470 BC by lun yu, vol-12]

cvq 600,000
[Six hundred thousand approximate]

UqvRg >> e ag >> Kb&dzwmqvwmRg&


[Taoism >> Buddha >> Confucianism]

UqvRg, e ag
[Taoism, Buddhism]

Cki wekvmx bq
[Atheistic]

DjL bvB
[No mentioned]

DjL bvB
[No mentioned]

Kb&wdDk&vm& Gi wbwg c ewj


[Animal Sacrifice for the founderConfucius]

Kb&dzwmqvwmRg&

Confucianism

[Confucius or Kung Fu-tzu, Life: 551?-479? BC]

Mi g~j fvlv
Language

msLvMwi vb
Locations A.A

g~jg/wekvm
Principle/Believes

PvBwbR
[Chinese]

b_ AvgwiKv (26000), Pxb. Kvwiqv, Rvcvb, BZvw`|


[NorthAmerica, China, Korea, Japan etc]

Cki wekvmx bq eis gvbweKZv Ges ciwnZ mvab B agi g~j K_v|
The core idea is ren ("humaneness," "benevolence"), signifying excellent character in accord with li (ritual norms), zhong (loyalty to one's true nature), shu (reciprocity), and xiao (filial piety). Together these constitute de (virtue).

cZxK/wP
Symbol/Indication

bs
No

agi bvg
Name of Religion

ceZKi bvg
Name of Founder

Drcw Kvj
Development Period

Drcw j
Area of Origin

ag Mi bvg
Name of Holy Books

agv^jxi msLv
Number of Adherents

weeZbi gaviv
Evolution

mv`k
Similarities with others

gZev`
Ideology/
doctrine

mwKZvi msLv mwKZvi bvg


Number of Creator Name of Creator

agxq Drme/cv_bv
Major Religious Festival

9
9

Mandaeanism

gvvwbqRg&iv hvnb evcw K AbymiY Ki| Zviv g~mv, Cmv, gvnv` (mvt) K bex wnmve ^xKvi Ki bv|
[Mandaeans believe that Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad were false prophets; instead they acknowledge John the Baptist.]

1 Lxv (gvvwbqRg& AvM bv, Lx ag AvM GmQ - G wbq wfb gZ iqQ|)


[1 AD] (There is some confusion that the Mandaeans came after John the Baptist.)

cvim (eZgvb Bivb) Ges gmvcUwgqv (eZgvb BivK)


[Persia (Iran) and Mesopotam ia (Iraq)]

wm`v Wv Bqvwnqv, wMv iev


[Sidra d yahia, Ginza Rba]

cvq 65,000 nvRvi


[Approximate, 65,000 thousand]

Av`g >> gvvwbqRg&


[Adam >> Mandaeanism]

evcwURg&
[Baptism]

w Ckiev`x
[Dualism]

`yB - Avjv Ges A&Kvi


[TWODarkness and Light]

cvZvwKj (wek gji mwKZv), Cki


[Ptakil (Darkness), GOD (Light)]

iweevii e`bv
[Worship on Sunday]

Mi g~j fvlv
Language

msLvMwi vb
Locations A.A

g~jg/wekvm
Principle/Believes

gvvwbqRg&

gvwK
[Mandaic]

Bivb, BivK, cfwZ|


[Iran, Iraq, etc.]

gvvwbR iv Bevnxg, g~mv, hx, gvnv` (mt) K bex wnmve ^xKvi Ki bv| Zviv hvnb evw K AbymiY Ki| gvvwbR hvnb evw Gi AvM GmQ bv ci GmQ G wbq gZvi iqQ| gvvwbR iv `vex Ki Zv`i ag GmQ mivmwi Av`g (Avt) _K|
Mandaeans believe that Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad were false prophets; instead they acknowledge John the Baptist, whom they see as one of their greatest teachers. There is some confusion that the Mandaeans came after John the Baptist, while in fact they existed before him; according to Mandaean dogma, Mandaeanism was the original religion of Adam.

10
10

gwiqg cy cweAvZv Bwj AwaKvix wh Lx


[Jesus, Son of Marry]

4 Lxc~ev _K 29 Lxv (wh Lxi Rb _K BsiRx Lxv MYbv i nqwQj)


[4? BC - AD 29? approximately] (The English Calendar was first introducing from the birth of Christ)

e_jnvg, RiRvjg (eZgvb Bmvqj)


[Bethlehem, Jerusalem (Israel)]

evBej (cwe Bwj wKZvei bZzb msiY)


[Bible (New Testament)]

cvq 2.1 wewjqb


[Approximate, 2.1 billion]

Bmjvg >> B`x >> Lxvb


[Islam >> Jewish >> Christian]

Mi g~j fvlv
Language

msLvMwi vb
Locations A.A

Christianity

wne
[Hebrew]

Lxvb ag

jv.AvgwiKv, hyiv, jfvbb, hyivR, WbgvK, fwUKvbwmwU, RiRvjg,


[L.America, USA, UK, Denmark, Vatican City, Lebanon, Jerusalem, etc]

hw`I Bmjvg, B`x Gi mv_ mv`k j Kiv hvq| wK cKZc, Lxvb agi g~j wekvm (wgyLx) wZbwU avivq wef| A_vr, gmxn Ckii cy Ges gwi Zuvi mnawgYx|
[Its principal tenets are that Jesus is the son of God. Trinity= GOD, Merry & Jesus.]

GKkiev`x
[Monotheistic]

GK
[ONE]

Rnvfv/ MW
[Jehovah or GOD]

eo w`b (25 k wWm^i), wekvg w`em, jWm& cqvi|


[Christmas Day (25th December, Birth of Christ), Sabbath (Day of rest), Lords Prayer etc.]

g~jg/wekvm
Principle/Believes

gvK iwPZ mymgvPvi 12 t 29 G ejv AvQt M'r:12:24: And Jesus


answering said unto them, Do ye not therefore err, because ye know not the scriptures, neither the power of God?

A_ t 29hx Di Kwijb, c_gwU GB, n Bmvqj, b; Avgv`i Cki cfy GKB cf| y Avi BnvB Ab Rxeb h, Zvnviv ZvgvK, GKgv mZgq CkiK, Ges Zzwg huvnvK cvVvBqvQ, ZvunvK, hx LxK, RvwbZ cvq|
Joh: 17:3: And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.

cZxK/wP
Symbol/Indication

bs
No

agi bvg
Name of Religion

ceZKi bvg
Name of Founder

Drcw Kvj
Development Period

Drcw j
Area of Origin

ag Mi bvg
Name of Holy Books

agv^jxi msLv
Number of Adherents

weeZbi gaviv
Evolution

mv`k
Similarities with others

gZev`
Ideology/
doctrine

mwKZvi msLv mwKZvi bvg


Number of Creator Name of Creator

agxq Drme/cv_bv
Major Religious Festival

11
11

Manichaeism

gvwbPBRg&

bex gwb RxebKvjt 210275 Lxv (GvvBKvwcwWqv , DBKwcwWqv gZ), 216-276 Lxv (gvB vmd&U GvbKvUv gZ)|
[Prophet Mani is the Founder of Shintoism, born in western Persia approximately 210-275 AD according to Encyclopedia and 216-276 according to Microsoft Encarta]

216-276 Lxv
[216-276 AD]

BivKi Di c`k
[Southern Babylonia (Iraq)]

AvRnvb
[Arzhang]

cvq 2 wgwjqb
[Approximate, 2 Million]

gvvwbqRg& >> gvwbPBRg&


[Mandaeanism >> Manichaeism]

RvivBwbRg&, gvvwbqRg
[Zoroastrianism, Mandaeanism]

w Ckiev`x
[Dualism]

`yB - Avjv Ges A&Kvi


[TWODarkness and Light]

Cki
[GOD]

Mi g~j fvlv
Language

msLvMwi vb
Locations A.A

g~jg/wekvm
Principle/Believes

cvim
[Persian]

Qwb, `wY AvwdKv, ivg, b, dv, `wY BZvjx, fviZ, wZeZ


[China, North Africa, Rome, Spain, France, North Italy, India, Tibet]

gvwbPBRg& `yBRb Ckii AwZ wekvmx| gvwbPBRg& gZ AvjvKgq ivRi AwaKZv njb Cki Avi AKvi ivRi KZv njb kqZvb| RMZi mKj Kvhvw` GKK Kvb mvi Dci bv bq|
The fundamental doctrine of Manichaeism is its dualistic division of the universe into contending realms of good and evil: the realm of Light (spirit), ruled by God, and the realm of Darkness (matter), ruled by Satan. ( 1993-2003 Microsoft Corporation.)

12
12

wmUv Rbt 200 Lxv


[Shinto, Birth of Date- 200 AD]

552 Lxv
[552 A.D]

wmUvBRg& ag

Shintoism

wbb (eZgvb bvg Rvcvb), wbb ev Rvcvbi RvZxq Ges cavb aggZ|
[Shinto, the national religion of Nippon or Japan. Nippon, a historical name of Japan.]

cKZc wbw` Kvb M bvB, Ze KvwRwK Ges wbnvx M `ywUK wekl agxq ghv`v c`vb Kiv nq| 712 Lxv KvwRwK Ges 720 Lxv wbnvx wjLv nq|
[There is no specific Holy book of Shintoism but Ko-jiki and Nihongi are considered as holy books, written in 712-720 AD]

cvq 4 wgwjqb
[Approximate, 4 Million]

e ag >> wmUBRg&
[Buddha >> Shintoism]

e, KbwdDkwbRg
[Buddha, Confucianism]

e Ckiev`x
[Polytheistic]

DjL bvB
[No mentioned]

DjL bvB
[No mentioned]

m~h`ei cy AwgZvmyii c~Rv/cv_bv


[Worship of sun goddess, Amatemsu]

msLvMwi vb
Locations A.A

g~jg/wekvm
Principle/Believes

Rvcvb
[Japan]

wmUBRg& gZ mwi m~Pbv jM wKQz msLK Kvwgi De nq| cavb `yBRb Kvwg RvbvswM Ges Rvbvwg me c_g Rvcvb K mw Ki| GB KvwgivB cieZx mKj RbMvxi wcZv wnmve LvZ nb wmUBRg& ag gZ|
According to Shinto myths, in the beginning a certain number of kami simply emerged, and a pair of kami, Izanagi and Izanami, gave birth to the Japanese islands, as well as to the kami who became ancestors of the various clans.

Mi g~j fvlv
Language

cZxK/wP
Symbol/Indication

Rvcvbx
[Japanese]

bs
No

agi bvg
Name of Religion

ceZKi bvg
Name of Founder

Drcw Kvj
Development Period

Drcw j
Area of Origin

ag Mi bvg
Name of Holy Books

agv^jxi msLv
Number of Adherents

weeZbi gaviv
Evolution

mv`k
Similarities with others

gZev`
Ideology/
doctrine

mwKZvi msLv mwKZvi bvg


Number of Creator Name of Creator

agxq Drme/cv_bv
Major Religious Festival

13
13

i bvbK RxebKvjt 14691539 Lxv


[Guru Nanak, Life: 1469-1539 AD]

1539 Lxv
[1539 A.D]

cvve
[Panjab (meaning 5 Rivers)]

i M mvne ev Avw` M mvne (gvU(kvK ev c`i msLv 29,480 wU)


[Guru Granth Sahib or Adi Granth Sahib (Total Verses 29,480) ]

cvq 22 wgwjqb
[Approximate, 22 Million]

wn`y + Bmjvg ag = wkK ag


[Hinduism + Islam = Sikhism]

wn`y I Bmjvg
[Hinduism, Islam]

GKkiev`x
[Monotheistic]

GK
[ONE]

GK-IgKvi11 ev In i 12
[ek-omkara13 or wahe Guru14 ]

i bvbK `e Rxi Rbw`b, ekvLx Dsme|


[Guru Nanak's Birthday (full moon day of Kartik (November), Baisakhi (first day of the solar month of Baiskh (Sanskrit Vaisakha) (April))]

msLvMwi vb
Locations A.A

g~jg/wekvm
Principle/Believes

Sikhism

fiZ
[India]

wkL ag

Mi g~j fvlv
Language

kxi M mvne G DjL AvQ t AvZvi mwKvix Kejgv GKRb-B| Avwg wK ZvK KLbv fyjZ cvwi|
2: 48: there is only the One, the Giver of all souls. May I never forget Him! ||5||
[English translation of Guru Granth Sahib, Jub- part-2]

cZxK/wP
Symbol/Indication

cvvex
[Punjabi]

kxi M mvne G DjL Aviv AvQ t mygnvb mB mvi bvg mevcv Dg, mevP mbvwbZ|
5 : 220: Highest of the High, above all is His Name.

14
14

b fvb wPDB
[Officially founded by Ngo Van Chieu]

1920 Lxv
[1920 AD]

wfqZbvg
[Vietnam]

cvq 4 wgwjqb
[Approximate, 4 Million]

Bmjvg + wn`y + Lxvb + e + Uvqv + Rb + Kb&wdDk&wbRg& = KvDwWqvRg&


[Islam + Hinduism + Christianity + Buddhism + Taoism + Geniism, Confucianism = Cao Daism]

e, Kb&wdDk&wbRg&
[Buddhism, Confucianism]

GKkiev`x
[Monotheistic]

GK
[ONE]

WvB WvI
[Dai Dao]

Ckii Pz e`bv (b fvb wPDB K Cki `kb w`qwQjb Pz ic)


[Prayer of the Divine Eye of GOD.]

msLvMwi vb
Locations A.A

g~jg/wekvm
Principle/Believes

cZxK/wP
Symbol/Indication

Cao Daism

KvDwWqvRg&

wfqZbvg, KvbvWv, AvgwiKv, Awjqv cfwZ|


[Vietnam, Canada, America, Australia etc.]

cZvKwU agi ceZK iqQ wK KvDwWqvRg agi Kvb ceZK bB| ^qs Cki-B gZfywgZ `kb w`qQb ag cwZvi Rb| KvDK cvwVq `bwb Zvui ag cPvii Rb|
The major world religions have generally been revealed in China, India, and the Middle East. CaoDaiism's roots in South Vietnam combined with its directness with God makes it an extremely unique religion. However, a main theme in CaoDaiism is that all religions are one. This is a strong tie that binds CaoDaiism to all the other religions that God has revealed.

Ckii Pzjxjv| Cki mivmwi cw_exZ `kb w`qwQjb Pzz cZxK ek|

bs
No

agi bvg
Name of Religion

ceZKi bvg
Name of Founder

Drcw Kvj
Development Period

Drcw j
Area of Origin

ag Mi bvg
Name of Holy Books

agv^jxi msLv
Number of Adherents

weeZbi gaviv
Evolution

mv`k
Similarities with others

gZev`
Ideology/
doctrine

mwKZvi msLv mwKZvi bvg


Number of Creator Name of Creator

agxq Drme/cv_bv
Major Religious Festival

15
15

evnvDjv (cKZ bvg wgRv mvBb Avjx Iid b~i) evnvDjv Aviex k hvi A_ nj Avjvi cmswkZ| [Bahaullah (Full
name Mirza Husayn Ali of Nur) Bahaullah = Baha + Allah, means the glory of GOD]

Bahaism

evwnRg&

23 - k g 1844 mvj| eZgvb evwnRgi g~j avibvi AeZvibv Kib evweRg Gi ceZK wgRv Avjx gvnv` Iid eve| evei evweRg -B cieZxZ evwnRg bvg cwiwPwZ jvf Ki|
[23 cm 1844 A.D.8 Mizra Ali Muhammad of Bab is the founder of Babism and later the Babism is modified to Bahai or Bahaism by Mirza Hysayn Ali of Nur or Bahaullah.]

cvim (eZgvb Bivb cRvZ)


[Persia (Todays known as Iran)]

wKZve-B-AvK&`vm (cvim fvlv) AviexZ ejv nq Avj& wKZve- Avj& AvK&`vm| 107 wU ck m^wjZ GB eBwUi 1873 mvj evnvDjv KZK iwPZ nq|
[ Kitab-i-Aqdas (Persian Language), In Arabian language Al-Kitab-al Aqdas, In English the Most Holy Book) another English name is the Book of Aqdas. Kitab-i-Aqdas, which consists of 107 questions submitted to Baha'u'llah by Zaynu'l-Muqarrabin, was Written around 1873 by Bah'u'llh, the founder of the Bah' Faith from Iran ]

cvq 6/7 wgwjqb


[Around 6/7 million]

msLvMwi vb
Locations A.A

AvgwiKvZ evm Ki cvq 142000 Rb, Bivb evm Ki 350,000 Rb, fviZ evm Ki 2 wgwjqb|
[Approximately 142,000 adherents in America, 350,000 adherents in Iran and around 2 million adherents in India.]

wkqv (Bmjvg agi GKwU kvLv, hw`I Bmjvg Kvb fMvsk bB ev Bmjvgi Kvb fvM bvB- Bmjvg Kej-B BmjvgB&mjvgK wkqvmybxZ fvM Kiv hve bv|)
[Shia (a major branch of Islam).Note: there is no division in Islam. Shia and Sunni are vague idea in Islam. It should be avoided by all]

Bmjvg
[Islam]

AmsvwqZ
[Nondenomin ational]

GK
[ONE]

Avjvn&
[Allah]

GKkiev`x
[Monotheistic]

g~jg/wekvm
Principle/Believes

n ivRb, Avcwb mB mvefg, mekwgvb ivKZvi RcZc Kib| GK Avjvn Qvov Kviv Dcvmbv Kieb | Ges Dcvmbv Kib cxwZc~Y gb (Mfxi AveMi mwnZ) Ges Zvi mv_ Kvb wKQzi Zzjbv Kieb bv|
O kings of the earth! He Who is the sovereign Lord of all is come. The Kingdom is God's, the omnipotent Protector, the Self-Subsisting. Worship none but God, and, with radiant hearts, lift up your faces unto your Lord, the Lord of all names. This is a Revelation to which whatever ye possess can never be compared, could ye but know it.
[English translation of Holy Kitab I Aqdas]

Mi g~j fvlv
Language

cZxK/wP
Symbol/Indication

Aviex
[Arabic]

m~ /References:
1. Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia 2004 2. Hand Book of Todays Religions by Josh McDowell, Don Stewart. 3. Max Meller, ed. Secret Books of the east, Oxford, Krislena Press, 1897-1910, 23:190,229,275 4. Sacred Liturgy and Gaths/Hymans of Zarathusthra 5. Sacred Books of the east, American Edition, 1898, Translated by L.H. Mills 6. This Believing World, By Browne, Lewis, New York, Macmillan Company, 1926. 7. The great religions, by Cavendish, Richard, New York, Arco Publishing Company, 1980 8. http://www.religiousmovements.lib.virginia.edu/nrms/Zoro1.html 9. http://www.avesta.org 10. http://www.adherents.com/Religions_By_Adherents.html 11. Contributed By: Alan Wilson Watts, 1993-2003 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. 12. http://www.ishwar.com 13. http://www.en.wikipedia.org

UxKv/Appendices:
0. mywi m~Pbv jM [At the beginning of the creation of the Universe] = Gi 1. Allah = Al the definite article and Llah the being who is worshipped
0

evLv wbb `Iqv nj [The explanation is given below.)

2. Lxc~e = Lxi Rbi c~e


3. Sabbath = Jewish holiday celebrating the day Moses received the Ten Commandments on Mount Sinai, Feast of Weeks (alternate spelling for Shabuoth)

4. Lxc~ev = Lxc~e + A > Lx + c~e + A > Lx hxi) + c~e (Rbi c~ei) + A (eQi ev mvj)
5. BC = Before Christ 6. Locations A.A= Location According Adherents 7. Sidda=Load Mahavirs Soul kwon as Sidha

8. A.D. (anno domini) = Latin phrase which designates the years since the reputed date of the birth of Christ
9.

pbuh = peace be upon him

10. Nasor = Follower of Prophet Noah (honest person)

11. GK-IgKvi = GKRb mZ Cki 12. In i = mekwgvb Cki

13. ek-omkara = the one true God 14. wahe Guru = the almighty

Researched By Researched By
Md. Mostafijur Rahman, Bangladesh.
Phone: 0088 011 99 080166, E-mail: mostafijurrahman_2005@yahoo.com, Website: http://www.oneallah.org

(jLKi AbygwZ Qvov eBwUi Kvbic Kwc Kiv AvBbZ `bxq Aciva)